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Hope Valerie V Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, - - 2014
North American medical students are more depressed and anxious than their peers. In the UK, the regulator now has responsibility for medical students, which may potentially increase scrutiny of their health. This may either help or hinder medical students in accessing appropriate care. The prevalences of anxiety, depression and psychological ...
Rutkowski David D University Hospital of South Manchester, Wythenshawe, Manchester, - - 2014
Reducing prescribing errors is key to ensuring patient safety. Foundation-year doctors (FYs) have been found to be major contributors to prescribing errors, and often feel poorly prepared for prescribing by their undergraduate education. Numerous studies have reported these findings; however, few studies have introduced meaningful interventions. A questionnaire was sent ...
Giami Alain A Inserm, CESP Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Santé des Populations, U1018 Equipe Genre, Santé Sexuelle et Reproductive, 94276, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France, - - 2014
Drawing from controversies between medical, legal, and associative actors about the obligation of sex reassignment surgeries (SRS) for people who intend to change their civil status, this article discusses the role that medical procedures, and particularly SRS, play in contemporary gender identifications and transition pathways in France. In 2010, the ...
Cooper Julie B JB Julie B. Cooper, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist; Michelle, Lilliston, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist; and DeAnne Brooks, Pharm.D., is Director of Pharmacy, Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Cone Health, Greensboro, NC. Bruce Swords, M.D., Ph.D., is Chief Medical Information Officer, Cone Health. - - 2014
The implementation and outcomes of a pharmacy technician medication history program are described. An interprofessional medication reconciliation team, led by a clinical pharmacist and a clinical nurse specialist, was charged with implementing a new electronic medication reconciliation system to improve compliance with medication reconciliation at discharge and capture compliance-linked reimbursement. ...
Kirsch Daniel J DJ a Department of Psychiatry , University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester , - - 2014
Abstract. Objective: To describe diagnostic and psychotropic medication prescription characteristics among college students referred by college counseling centers for psychopharmacologic evaluation. Participants: Participants were 540 college students referred by six college counseling centers in Massachusetts between November 2005 and May 2011. Method: Students completed self-report measures of depression, anxiety, suicidal ...
Benson T T School of Psychology, University of Ulster,Magee Campus, Northland Road,Londonderry,Northern Ireland BT48 - - 2014
Background. To identify the predictors of psychotropic medication use and to determine rates and patterns of use in Northern Ireland (NI) among the general population and various subgroups. Method. Analysis of data from the NI Study of Health and Stress, a representative household survey undertaken between 2004 and 2008 with ...
Lovegrove Maribeth C MC Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; - - 2014
Emergency department visits and subsequent hospitalizations of young children after unsupervised ingestions of prescription medications are increasing despite widespread use of child-resistant packaging and caregiver education efforts. Data on the medications implicated in ingestions are limited but could help identify prevention priorities and intervention strategies. We used nationally representative adverse ...
Härkänen Marja M Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Finnish Doctoral Programme in Nursing Science, - - 2014
Observing real situations in clinical practice can provide undetected information regarding problems in the medication process. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency, types, and severity of medication errors in medical and surgical inpatients as well as to study the relationship between medication errors and associating factors. ...
Leuchter Andrew F AF Andrew F. Leuchter, MD, Aimee M. Hunter, PhD, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Los Angeles; Molly Tartter, MA, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, the Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA and the Department of Psychology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles; Ian A. Cook, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Background Pill-taking, expectations and therapeutic alliance may account for much of the benefit of medication and placebo treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Aims To examine the effects of medication, placebo and supportive care on treatment outcome, and the relationships of expectations and therapeutic alliance to improvement. Method A total ...
Evans Nicola N North - - 2014
Track your allergies anywhere with this free app and get real-time alerts. Prepare for each day with a personalised allergy and weather forecast. The app also offers a range of tips and medical advice that can be customised for specific allergies.
Tanner Andrea A a School of Journalism and Mass Communications , University of South Carolina , Columbia , South Carolina , - - 2014
Clinical trials help advance public health and medical research on prevention, diagnosis, screening, treatment, and quality of life. Despite the need for access to quality care in medically underserved areas, clinical trial participation remains low among individuals in rural and African American communities. This study assessed clinical trial research in ...
Tjia Jennifer J Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, - - 2014
Advanced dementia is characterized by severe cognitive impairment and complete functional dependence. Patients' goals of care should guide the prescribing of medication during such terminal illness. Medications that do not promote the primary goal of care should be minimized. To estimate the prevalence of medications with questionable benefit used by ...
Lyu Peng-Hui PH Center for Studies of Information Resources, Wuhan University , Wuhan , People's Republic of China - - 2014
The aim of this study is to analyze the research trends of medical informatics over the last 12 years. A new method based on MeSH terms was proposed to identify emerging topics and trends of medical informatics research. Informetric methods and visualization technologies were applied to investigate research trends of ...
Lewis Bob B Medi Tech Trust, - - 2014
Do you have any old medical equipment that is no longer being used, but could still have a useful life overseas? If so, please contact the Medi Tech Trust.
Yin Kanhua K Fudan University Shanghai Medical College , Shanghai , - - 2014
Abstract As a sixth-year medical student and the first exchange medical student from Fudan University, China, I had the opportunity to take a three-month elective at University of California at Davis (UC Davis) School of Medicine from October 2013 to January 2014. I worked and studied at the Division of ...
Rudmik Luke L Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) compared to continued medical therapy for patients with refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Cohort-style Markov decision-tree economic evaluation. The economic perspective was the U.S. third-party payer with a 30-year time horizon. The two comparative treatment strategies were: 1) ESS, followed by ...
Murray Kara L KL Kara L. Murray, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Manager, Clinical Therapeutics and Pharmacy, Clinical Services Group; Dahna Wright, B.S.N., RN, is Director, Women's and Children's Clinical Services; Bill Laxton, B.S.N., RN, CPHRM, is Director, Risk and Patient Safety; Karla M. Miller, Pharm.D., BCPP, is Assistant Vice President, Pharmacy Services and Clinical Therapeutics; Janet Meyers, B.S.N., RN, M.B.A., is Assistant Vice President, Women's and Children's Services; and Jane Englebright, PH.D., B.S.N., RN, CENP, is Chief Nursing Officer and Vice-President, Clinical Services Group, Hospital Corporation of America, Nashville, TN. - - 2014
The development and implementation of a comprehensive and standardized list of pediatric i.v. medication concentrations across a large healthcare system are described. In accordance with National Patient Safety Goals, facilities affiliated with the Hospital Corporation of America system had independently standardized and limited the number of drug concentrations in use. ...
Akyol Ca─čri - - 2014
Possible adverse effects of a commonly used veterinary antibiotic, oxytetracycline (OTC), on acidogenic phase of anaerobic digestion of cattle manure along with optimum operating conditions were investigated. A standard veterinary practice of 50 ml OTC solution (20 mg/kg cattle weight) was injected into the muscles of cattle and then manure ...
Greenhalgh Stephen N SN Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB3 0ES, - - 2014
Objective-To compare long-term survival and quality of life data in dogs with clinical signs associated with a congenital portosystemic shunt (CPSS) that underwent medical or surgical treatment. Design-Prospective cohort study. Animals-124 client-owned dogs with CPSS. Procedures-Dogs received medical or surgical treatment without regard to signalment, clinical signs, or clinicopathologic results. ...
- - 2014
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is driving the evolution of reimbursement from a fee-for-service model to an outcomes-based system. Accountable care organizations (ACOs) are 1 component of this evolution, and 1 of their charges is to reduce hospital readmission rates for key diagnoses such as congestive heart failure (CHF) and ...
Grella Christine E CE a Professor, UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs (ISAP), Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences , Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA , Los Angeles , - - 2014
Abstract The proliferation of medical marijuana (MM) dispensaries has led to concerns that they will lead to more widespread use of marijuana. The aim of the current study was to collect descriptive data on individuals using MM dispensaries in Los Angeles County. A mixed-method approach was employed that consisted of ...
Ishida Kai K Graduate School of Medical Science, Kitasato University, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Half a decade has passed since the fifth revision of the medical law and mandatory appointment of a medical equipment safety manager (MESM) in hospitals in Japan. During this period, circumstances have changed regarding maintenance of medical equipment (ME). We conducted a survey to examine these changes and the current ...
Oberoi Sapna S Division of Haematology/Oncology, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, - - 2014
Medication errors occur universally. Inappropriate administration of chemotherapy drugs can have adverse effects in cancer patients. Our objective was to assess the rate and type of medication errors in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receiving oral chemotherapy in outpatient setting. Prescription and administration of oral chemotherapy drugs in children ...
Quero L L Service de cancérologie-radiothérapie, Hôpital Saint-Louis, 1, avenue Claude-Vellefeaux, 75475 Paris, - - 2014
This article's purpose was to review the medical data justifying the use of a medical treatment for biochemical relapse after external beam radiotherapy. The MEDLINE database was searched to identify relevant information with the following medical subject headings: "prostate cancer", "radiotherapy" and "biochemical relapse". Prognostic factors affecting the overall survival ...
Kaur Baldeep - - 2014
Global medical workforce requirements highlight the need for effective workforce planning, with the overall aims being to alleviate doctor shortages and prevent maldistribution. The Medical Schools Outcomes Database and Longitudinal Tracking (MSOD) Project provides a foundation for evaluating outcomes of medical education programs against specified workforce objectives (including rural and ...
Ellis Michelle L ML a School of Aging Studies , University of South Florida , Tampa, FL , - - 2014
Objectives: Antipsychotic medications have been federally regulated since 1987, yet research suggests they continue to be used inappropriately to alleviate behavioral symptoms associated with dementia. In 2012, the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid launched a new initiative to reduce antipsychotic medication in nursing homes by 15% nationally. The aim of ...
Yabuuchi Hidetake H Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan - - 2014
There has been no comparison of detectability of small lung cancer between general and medical LCD monitors or no comparison of detectability of small lung cancer between solid and part-solid nodules. To compare the detectabilities of T1a lung cancer on chest radiographs on three LCD monitor types: 2-megapixel (MP) for ...
Bussel I I II Department of Ophthalmology, UPMC Eye Center, Eye and Ear Institute, Ophthalmology and Visual Science Research Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
To evaluate outcomes of ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT) with the trabectome following failed trabeculectomy. Prospective study of AITs and phaco-AITs after a failed trabeculectomy. The indication for AIT was intraocular pressure (IOP) above target on maximally tolerated therapy, and for phaco-AIT a visually significant cataract and need to lower IOP ...
Bayliss Paul P Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, East Sussex, - - 2014
To develop a preliminary model of the experiences of people undergoing combined treatment with antidepressant medication and cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for depression. The study used a qualitative methodology informed by grounded theory. Participants were 12 adults who had received treatment with antidepressant medication and CBT for depression. Participants engaged in ...
Fan Wen W Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the long-term efficacy of low-dose amitriptyline combined with abrupt withdrawal in outpatients of medication-overuse headache (MOH) in an open-label design. We evaluated the effectiveness of early introduction of low-dose amitriptyline combined with abrupt withdrawal in outpatients with MOH over a 1-year observational period. The primary ...
Raglan Greta B - - 2014
On a day-to-day basis, doctors must decide which treatments are most beneficial for their patients, and which make the most sense in terms of costs. In medical decision making, factors such as efficiency and cost-effectiveness can be particularly challenging to navigate because many of the most expensive procedures encountered in ...
Santen Sally A SA Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Medical education is a continuum from medical school through residency to unsupervised clinical practice. There has been a movement toward competency-based medical education prompted by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) using milestones to assess competence. While implementation of milestones for residents sets specific standards for transition to ...
Ramalhinho Isabel I Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal, - - 2014
Background Misuse of antibiotics gives rise to numerous individual and societal problems, among which antimicrobial resistance is currently a major worldwide concern. Understanding cultural features in the public's attitudes and behaviours regarding antibiotics and their use is a prerequisite to developing effective educational interventions. Objective To estimate the prevalence of ...
Santana Thaiana Aragão TA Oncology Department, ABC Medical School (FMABC), Av. Principe de Gales, São Paulo, 09060-650, Brazil, - - 2014
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a distressing chemotherapy-induced symptom that may adversely impact the quality of life of cancer patients. We conducted a systematic search of the Pubmed, Bireme, and Cochrane databases for randomized clinical trials that were published in English and that evaluated the combination of adjunctive non-neurokinin ...
Møller Thea Palsgaard TP Emergency Medical Services Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark, Telegrafvej 5, opgang 2,3, DK-2750 Ballerup, Denmark; Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, University of Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark Herlev Ringvej 75,25, DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
1) To explore the concept of debriefing bystanders after participating in an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation attempt including 1) bystanders' most commonly addressed reactions after participating in a resuscitation attempt when receiving debriefing from medical dispatchers; 2) their perception of effects of receiving debriefing and 3) bystanders' recommendations for a ...
Johnston Smith L SL Human Health and Performance, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Johnston SL, Blue RS, Jennings RT, Tarver WJ, Gray GW. Astronaut medical selection during the Shuttle era: 1981-2011. Aviat Space Environ Med 2014; 85:823-7. U.S. astronauts undergo extensive job-related screening and medical examinations prior to selection in order to identify candidates optimally suited for careers in spaceflight. Screening medical standards ...
Jesani Amar A 301, Prabhu Darshan, Swatantrya Sainik nagar, Andheri (W) mumbai 400 058. - - 2014
The ugly but well known and hitherto cheerfully accepted phenomenon of corruption in the health system has once again come to haunt the healthcare professions in India. It is no accident of history that the birth of The Indian Journal of Medical Ethics was intimately connected to the brazen corruption ...
El Mhamdi S - - 2014
In Tunisia, few studies have an interest to the assessment of medication errors and the implementation of preventive measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the barriers existing in hospital pharmacies in order to prevent medication errors and to help institutions to make improvement actions. methods: First step: ...
Ojino Mayo M Researcher, Japan Medical Association Research Institute, Tokyo, Japan ( ojino@jmari.med.or.jp - - 2014
The radiation emergency medical system in Japan ceased to function as a result of the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, which has commonly become known as the "Fukushima Accident." In this paper, we review the reconstruction processes of the radiation emergency medical system in order of events ...
Carter Frances A - - 2014
No previous studies have systematically assessed the psychological functioning of medical students following a major disaster. To describe the psychological functioning of medical students following the earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand, and identify predictors of adverse psychological functioning. 7 months following the most severe earthquake, medical students completed the Depression, ...
Din Gregory Yom GY The Open University of Israel, Raanana, Israel; Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. - - 2014
We examined how, where an overall population is covered by universal health insurance, characteristics of disadvantaged populations interact to influence inequality in primary and secondary medical care utilization. Disadvantaged populations, the focus of the study, were defined as populations who have lower socio-economic status (SES), who are elderly and/or reside ...
Kent Shia T ST Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of - - 2014
After the 2003 publication of the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) guidelines, there was a 5-10% increase in patients initiating antihypertensive medication with a thiazide-type diuretic, but most patients still did not initiate treatment with this ...
de Barra Mícheál M http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4455-6214 Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
Medical treatments with no direct effect (like homeopathy) or that cause harm (like bloodletting) are common across cultures and throughout history. How do such treatments spread and persist? Most medical treatments result in a range of outcomes: some people improve while others deteriorate. If the people who improve are more ...
Dzierzega Maria M Department of Pediatric Emergency, Medicine Children's University Hospital, Polish-American Institute of Pediatrics Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, - - 2014
Contemporary medical care, especially in the field of pediatrics often requires central venous line (CVC - Central Venous Catheter) implantation for carrying out treatment. Some conditions are treated intravenously for several months, other require long-term venous access due to periodical administration of medications or daily nutritional supplementation. A total number ...
Mazzini Innocenzo - - 2014
My contribution focuses on discussing the knowledge Roman non-medical authors had of medical literature. My research suggests that the medical authors known and cited belong mainly to the classical and Hellenistic age. The occasions or reasons for an intellectual in antiquity to turn his attention to medical texts were mainly ...
Abukres Salem Hasn SH School of Pharmacy, Curtin Health and Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, - - 2014
In Australia, "continued dispensing" (CD) is a new model for supply of prescription medications. Under specific circumstances, community pharmacists are allowed to dispense a further one month supply of prescription only medications without a valid prescription. It allows continuation and treatment adherence when patients run out of statin and/or oral ...
Jahnke Kristine K Universitätsmedizin Greifswald, Institut für Community Medicine, Abteilung Allgemeinmedizin, Greifswald, - - 2014
Early contact of medical students with pharmaceutical promotion has been shown in many international studies. We assessed the frequency and places of contact of German medical students to pharmaceutical promotion and examined their attitudes toward pharmaceutical promotional activities. This cross-sectional survey was based on a self-developed questionnaire. It was distributed ...
Ramia Elsy E Department of Pharmacy Practice, School of Pharmacy, Lebanese American University, Byblos, - - 2014
To evaluate the appropriateness of laboratory-test monitoring recommended for patients on chronic medication therapies in the Lebanese community setting. In October 2011, all outpatients visiting selected community pharmacies in Lebanon were screened by pharmacists to evaluate their use of one or more chronic medications requiring safety and/or therapeutic laboratory tests. ...
Mariani John J JJ Division of Substance Abuse, New York State Psychiatric Institute, New York, New York; Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, New York, New - - 2014
Stimulant medications have shown promise as a treatment for cocaine dependence (CD) for several decades, yet these treatments have not been widely studied and substantial barriers to clinical implementation remain. The "Self-Medication Hypothesis," posits that an individual's choice to use a particular substance is to some degree based on the ...
Aljadhey Hisham H College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Medication safety is a global concern among healthcare providers. However, the challenges to and the future of medication safety in Saudi Arabia have not been explored. We explored the perspectives of healthcare practitioners on current issues about medication safety in hospitals and community settings in Saudi Arabia in order to ...
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