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Levine Michael M Department of Medical Toxicology, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2013
Complementary and alternative medications, including the use of herbal medications, have become quite popular in the USA. Yerberias are found throughout the southwest and specialize in selling Hispanic herbal products. The products sold in these stores are not regulated by any governmental agency. Previous reports have found Ayurvedic medications contain ...
Fleseriu Maria - - 2012
Cushing's disease (CD) is caused by a corticotroph, adrenocorticotropic-hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Transsphenoidal surgery is the initial treatment of choice in almost all cases. Remission rates for microadenomas are good at 65-90 % (with an experienced neurosurgeon) but remission rates are much lower for ...
Ahearn Eileen P EP William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI 53705-2286, United States. - - 2013
Suicide attempt rates were assessed in 1306 subjects in this 6 year retrospective study of Bipolar disorder. Participants were Veterans from 5 different Veterans Administration Hospitals who met criteria for bipolar type 1 or 2 and who had at least one prescription for lithium or divalproex or both during the ...
Miller Aaron - - 2012
Background/Aims HMG-CoA inhibitor (statin) use is a common treatment for elevated cholesterol. Statins are effective in reducing hepatic cholesterol synthesis in prospective studies. Examination of EHR data for estimating statin exposure-time is difficult because prescriptions are in unstructured notes and clinicians prescribe combinations of 'pill splitting', while frequently adjusting dosage ...
Masood Khalid - - 2012
The data analysis of occupationally exposed medical workers in Nuclear Medicine (NM), Radiotherapy (RT) and Diagnostic Radiology (DR) at the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Oncology (INMOL), Pakistan is presented for the time interval (2007-2011). The whole-body exposure doses of the workers were measured by using the Film Badge Dosimetry ...
Tiwari Ruchi R Department of Pharmacy, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
Healthcare organizations continue to adopt information technologies with clinical decision support (CDS) to prevent potential medication-related adverse drug events. End-users who are unfamiliar with certain high-risk patient populations are at an increased risk of unknowingly causing medication errors. The following case describes a heart transplant recipient exposed to supra-therapeutic concentrations ...
Friedman Lee S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The overall goal of this research project was to assess ethnic disparities in monetary compensation among construction workers injured on the job through the linkage of medical records and workers' compensation data. METHODS:: Probabilistic linkage of medical records with workers' compensation claim data. RESULTS:: In the final multivariable robust ...
Dunleavy K - - 2012
Background In the course of their work, police staff are at risk of exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF) and potentially at risk of acquiring a blood-borne viral infection. Aims To examine levels of anxiety among Scottish police staff following an occupational exposure to BBF. Methods Police staff who ...
Dobashi Kunio - - 2012
Research into occupational asthma (OA) in Japan has been led by the Japanese Society of Occupational and Environmental Allergy. The first report about allergic OA identified konjac asthma. After that, many kinds of OA have been reported. Cases of some types of OA, such as konjac asthma and sea squirt ...
Schwarz Eleanor Bimla - - 2012
Potentially teratogenic medications are frequently prescribed without provision of contraceptive counseling. To evaluate whether computerized clinical decision support (CDS) can increase primary care providers' (PCPs') provision of family planning services when prescribing potentially teratogenic medications. Cluster-randomized trial conducted in one academic and one community-based practice between October of 2008 and ...
Durand Daniel J DJ Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. - - 2012
Over the past several years, the cancer risks associated with radiation from diagnostic imaging have received increased attention in both the medical literature and the lay press. In the midst of this heightened scrutiny, there has been growing support for the idea of tracking cumulative dose estimates that longitudinally document ...
Polaczek-Grelik Kinga - - 2012
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of radionuclides originating inside a medical linear accelerator during emission of high-energy therapeutic photon beams (15, 18, and 20MV) is presented. The semiconductor spectrometry method allowed to obtain the fluence rate of photons with defined energy and hence, to quantify the dose at the chosen points ...
Bonilha Heather Shaw HS Department of Health Sciences and Research, Medical University of South Carolina, 77 President St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
Guidelines and preventive measures have been established to limit radiation exposure time during modified barium swallow studies (MBSS) but multiple variables may influence the duration of the exam. This study examined the influence of clinician experience, medical diagnosis category, swallowing impairment severity, and use of a standardized protocol on fluoroscopy ...
Dunleavy K - - 2012
Background In the course of their work, police staff are at risk of exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF) and potentially at risk of acquiring a blood-borne viral infection.Aims To examine levels of anxiety among Scottish police staff following an occupational exposure to BBF.Methods Police staff who reported an ...
Jhaveri Kenar D - - 2012
Promoting interest in nephrology as a career is vital to sustain a workforce adequate to meet the projected demand for nephrologists. The educational experiences that internal medicine residents have may play an important role in influencing such choices, and attempts to enrich such experiences could prove a useful strategy to ...
Ross R Stefan - - 2012
In order to assess the human medical significance of the rabies zoonosis in Germany, the data of the relevant surveillance and of the registration systems as well as prescriptions submitted to the statutory health insurance (SHI) were assessed. In all, 2441 of the 81 280 total examinations for rabies conducted ...
James William H - - 2012
James WH. The relevance of the epidemiology of human sex ratios at birth to some medical problems. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 181-189. The human sex ratio (proportion male at birth) shows considerable variation which is central to reproductive epidemiology. For example, it has reportedly shown significant secular trends ...
O'Malley Lauren - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the awareness and level of exposure of interventional radiology (IR) among medical students at a Canadian medical school. To understand how IR can be better described and introduced to medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic anonymous surveys were sent to 542 medical students in their first, second, ...
Das Rupali - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To describe the investigation of a 2007 occupational coccidioidomycosis outbreak in California, recommend prevention measures, and assess statewide disease burden. METHODS:: We evaluated the worksite, observed work practices, interviewed the workers and employer, reviewed medical records, provided prevention recommendations including risk-based respirator selection, and analyzed statewide workers' compensation claims. ...
Garland Eric L - - 2012
In an effort to self-medicate psychological distress stemming from exposure to traumatic life events, at-risk youth may be likely to seek intoxication via substance use. Concomitantly, self-medication with psychoactive substances is theorized to confer risk of developing future psychiatric and substance use disorders. The present study employed structural equation modeling ...
Hodgkin Dominic - - 2012
Widely accepted treatment guidelines and performance measures encourage patients to stay on antidepressant medication beyond the acute phase of treatment in order to achieve full remission and reduce risk of relapse. However, many patients discontinue antidepressant medication treatment prematurely for various reasons, including side-effects or nonresponse to the initial medication ...
Singh Vishwanath P - - 2012
Removal half-life (RHL) of tritium is one of the best means for optimising medical treatment, reduction of committed effective dose (CED) and quick/easy handling of a large group of workers for medical treatment reference. The removal of tritium from the body depends on age, temperature, relative humidity and daily rainfall; ...
Ehrlich Rodney R University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2012
Cases of occupational disease, solvent encephalopathy and occupational asthma are used to exemplify failings of the workers' compensation system in South Africa, that include delays in processing claims, non-response to requests for information, and inadequate assessment of disability. These and other systemic deficiencies in administration of the Compensation for Occupational ...
Bennett Wendy L - - 2012
Clinical practice guidelines have an important role in guiding choices among the numerous medications available to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known about their quality. To assess whether guidelines on oral medications for type 2 diabetes are consistent with a systematic review of the current evidence and ...
Gomoi Valentin-Sergiu - - 2012
Development of clinical decision support systems (CDS) is a process which highly depends on the local databases, this resulting in low interoperability. To increase the interoperability of CDS a standard representation of clinical information is needed. The paper suggests a CDS architecture which integrates several HL7 standards and the new ...
Kumar R Pradeep - - 2012
A continuous exposure or contact to latex products may sensitize the human body by causing mild to fatal reactions. Despite the availability of the literature, medical personnel are still unaware of the implications of the use of latex materials. The increased awareness to prevent the transmission of infectious blood borne ...
Eze Boniface I - - 2012
To compare the skills and knowledge of clinical ophthalmology among medical interns in Enugu, Nigeria, to the recommendations of the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO). A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was conducted of Medical Interns attending the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital and Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, from April 2010 ...
Skandfer Morten - - 2012
We aimed to describe how work exposure and occupational health is assessed for mine workers in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. A descriptive study based on current practice, laws and available literature. The information and data were obtained from scientific publications, reports, regional and federal statistics, legal documents, through personal visits and ...
Narveson Jan - - 2011
The question is what the mandated medical minimum for all should be. The correct answer is zero. That is to say, the government should not be forcing anyone to pay for anyone. The most popular arguments within the liberal framework, presumed to be shared by all, are briefly surveyed. Health ...
Smith J Anne S - - 2011
Forensic medical practitioners urgently require credentials and national guidelines.
Dawson A J - - 2011
The Canadian College of Medical Geneticists (ccmg) is a national organization of medical and laboratory geneticists. The mission of the ccmg is to establish and maintain high-quality professional and ethical standards for medical genetics services in Canada and to help to ensure that service of the highest quality is delivered ...
Dixon-Woods Mary - - 2011
This article identifies the role played by a series of medical scandals in the UK, occurring from the mid-1990s onwards, in ending a collegial model of self-regulation of the medical profession that had endured for 150 years. The state's original motive in endorsing professional self-regulation was to resolve the principal-agent ...
Vogt Eleanor M - - 2011
This overview of the Educating for Safety supplement issue explores the context and urgency of the problem of unsafe care, what we have learned about improving both safety and quality in health care, and the implications of this for educators. This supplement issue is a response to the charge of ...
Esposito F - - 2011
The use of ultrasound contrast media is yet to be validated in children. The rare reports in the scientific literature denote their "sporadic" and "experimental" use. Their most likely use is in the setting of off-label prescription of medications. As there are still no guidelines available in Italy for the ...
Golan-Cohen Avivit - - 2011
According to the court's position, an absence of procedure that flows the medical information between the specialists and the family doctors is considered malpractice on the part of the fund that insures. In the medical practice of the Israel Defense Force, there is an uncompromised system to deal with this ...
- - 2011
From 2001 to 2010, there were 20,522 diagnoses of animal bites among U.S. military members. Of these, 643 (3.1%) were documented during medical encounters in combat theater. The majority of bites were "dog bites" and occurred more in males, soldiers, and those in infantry and law enforcement occupations. A small ...
Zeindler Peter R - - 2011
Although widespread, the use of disease-based employment medical standards is poorly understood or researched. A probabilistic model and threshold value are developed and applied to a military (Canadian Forces [CF]) medical standard for anaphylaxis. Frequency estimates of prevalence, occurrence, and impairing reactions are determined from the literature for military applicants ...
Harley Warner John - - 2011
Most American historians of medicine today would be very hesitant about any claim that medical history humanises doctors, medical students or the larger health care enterprise. Yet, the idea that history can and ought to serve modern medicine as a humanising force has been a persistent refrain in American medicine. ...
Sheikhzadeh Ali - - 2011
Self-administration of new biological medications can be difficult for Rheumatoid Arthritis patients with functional impairment and hand and dexterity limitation. Twenty-three Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients participated in this study to compare preferences and injection forces using a conventional syringe and a new ergonomically designed syringe. Injection force measurements were collected ...
Wong Bruce J - - 2011
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common chronic condition with substantial morbidity that can now be treated with disease-modifying biologic agents that target tumor necrosis factor (TNF) or related mechanisms. The anti-TNF biologic agents are available in either intravenous (IV) or subcutaneous dose forms. The biologic agents with an indication for ...
Getz Linn - - 2011
Background. The human being is a self-reflecting, relationship-oriented, goal-directed organism in search of meaning. The process of coordinating and developing knowledge about how experience associated with self-conscience, relationships and values can contribute to development of health and disease is a great challenge for the medical profession. Material and methods. We ...
Soyka Michael M Department of Psychiatry, Ludwig-Maximilian University, Munich, Germany. - - 2011
To develop evidence-based practice guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of opioid abuse and dependence. An international task force of the World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) developed these practice guidelines after a systematic review of the available evidence pertaining to the treatment of opioid dependence. On the basis ...
Monaco Francesco - - 2011
Cesare Lombroso (1835-1909) still represents one of the most famous and, at the same time, controversial figures of neuropsychiatry. His idea of the "atavist" criminal, prisoner of his/her biologic inheritance, became extremely popular in Western countries. Unfortunately, Lombroso's theory of a strict connection between epilepsy and the criminal personality exerted ...
Lin Hsien-Chang - - 2011
Abstract Background: The impacts of use of pharmacotherapy for psoriasis on patient outcomes and medication costs need further examination using up-to-date large nationally representative data. Objective: To examine the impacts of patient demographics and medication use on patient's health status and associated medication costs. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was ...
Wilke R A - - 2011
Health-care information technology and genotyping technology are both advancing rapidly, creating new opportunities for medical and scientific discovery. The convergence of these two technologies is now facilitating genetic association studies of unprecedented size within the context of routine clinical care. As a result, the medical community will soon be presented ...
Lagu Tara - - 2011
The recent report of the AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA), "Professionalism in the Use of Social Media," describes the types of social media medical professionals use, outlines ways in which existing AMA policies address issues of online professionalism, and makes a list of recommendations for physicians to ...
Culbertson Nicholas T - - 2011
Over the past decade, increasing evidence suggests that pharmaceuticals may continue to be potent beyond their date of expiration. Despite this evidence, we have not yet experienced a change in United States federal policy that would recommend usage of expired pharmaceuticals. While the scientific community and federal regulators continue to ...
Johnson Thomas C - - 2011
Afghanistan has the highest perinatal mortality rate in the entire world. One Afghani woman dies every 30 minutes from perinatal- related event. One of eight Afghani women will die from perinatal events. Maternal mortality is (use percentage, not fractions) 1600/100,000 vs 13 /100,000 in the United States. Afghanistan is one ...
Lavelle Sandra - - 2011
There are multiple concerns regarding the practice of forced medication of clients with mental illness. Clients often report that side effects outweigh the benefits of psychotropic medication, while mental health clinicians often think the client may become dangerous without medication. Who should have the right to decide whether a client ...
Bowling F - - 2011
The use of Fresh Whole Blood (FWB) transfusions can be a powerful tool for the Special Operations Forces (SOF) medic to treat uncontrolled hemorrhage. In fact, it may be the only tool currently available for hemostatic resuscitation, which along with hypotensive resuscitation, forms the basis for Damage Control Resuscitation (DCR). ...
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