Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 584
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Carlin Nathan - - 2015
In 2012, Dartmouth College renamed its medical school, founded in 1797, the Audrey and Theodor Geisel School of Medicine. Using the renaming of the medical school of Dartmouth College as a foil, I offer in this article a vision of what it might mean to align Theodor Geisel, better known ...
Parsons Carole C School of Pharmacy, Queen's University Belfast, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, BT9 7BL, Northern Ireland, UK, - - 2014
No studies have been conducted in the UK context to date that categorise medications in terms of appropriateness for patients with advanced dementia, or that examine medication use in these vulnerable patients. The objectives of this study were to categorise the appropriateness of a comprehensive list of medications and medication ...
Brown Deanna G DG Department of Dermatology, MetroHealth Medical Center, and Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, - - 2014
Dermatologic surgeons will increasingly encounter patients on novel oral antiplatelet and anticoagulant medications. We conducted a complete overview of the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and side effects of traditional and novel oral anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapies along with dietary supplements with anticoagulant or antiplatelet properties. A PubMed search was completed for "aspirin," ...
Gaw Christopher E CE Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, - - 2014
I was told by many people that medical school would be a transformative period in my life. As I began my medical education, I started to grasp what this meant; medical school was not only an exhilarating academic experience, but a positive social one as well. However, my classmates and ...
Egle Jonathan P JP Department of Surgery, Providence Hospital and Medical Centers, Southfield, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Electronic sources of medical information are plentiful, and numerous studies have demonstrated the use of the Internet by patients and the variable reliability of these sources. Studies have investigated neither the use of web-based resources by residents, nor the reliability of the information available on these websites. A web-based survey ...
Asbridge Mark M Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, 5790 University Avenue, Halifax, NS B3H 1V7, Canada. Electronic address: - - 2014
Employing a sample of 3655 senior students (grades 10 and 12, median ages of 16 and 18, respectively) in Atlantic Canada, this paper examines the risk factors associated with driving under the influence of opioids (DUIO), comparing medical versus recreational opioid users. The associations of DUIO with driving under the ...
Zagorodnikova Goryachkina Ksenia K North-Western State Medical University, Piskarevsky prospect, 47, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, - - 2014
Clinical pharmacology in Russia has long history and is currently active, but rather unrecognized internationally. It is governmentally approved as a teaching/scientific specialty since 1983 and as a medical specialty since 1997. Courses of clinical pharmacology are included in the undergraduate curricula in the 5th and/or 6th year of education ...
Gualano Maria R MR 1 Department of Public Health, University of Turin, Turin, Italy - - 2014
We performed a systematic review and proportion meta-analysis in order to investigate the prevalence and the adverse effects of the self-medication among the teenagers. We selected observational studies published from January 1990 until January 2014 that examined the use of self-medication in the adolescents (aged from 13 to 18 years). ...
Roque Fátima F Health Sciences Research Centre, University of Beira Interior, Covilhã, Portugal; Centre for Cell Biology, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal; Research Unit for Inland Development, Polytechnic of Guarda, Guarda, - - 2014
The emergence of microbial resistance is widely associated with inappropriate antibiotic use. Self-medication with antibiotics acquired directly from pharmacies without a medical prescription has been reported by several European countries as being an important cause of such inappropriate use. The goal of this study was to identify and evaluate community ...
Fox Jeremy K JK Department of Psychology, Montclair State University, USA - - 2014
This study investigated the relationship of medical and non-medical fears to children's anxiety, pain, and distress during an invasive medical procedure, the voiding cystourethrogram. Parents of 34 children completed the Fear Survey Schedule-II prior to their child's procedure. Child distress behaviors during the procedure were audiotaped and coded using the ...
Becker Dawn D WellSpan Health, York Hospital, York, - - 2014
Medication discrepancies occur in 70% of hospital patients, especially during discharge. In community settings, bag medication reconciliation events have demonstrated effectiveness in evaluating current medication use and identifying medication discrepancies. A bag medication reconciliation process was implemented in the hospital setting to decrease medication discrepancies by encouraging evaluation of medication ...
Garland Eric L EL From the University of Utah (ELG, EAT), Salt Lake City, UT; Florida State University (AWH), Tallahassee, FL; and Tallahassee Memorial Hospital Recovery Center (PK, JF), Tallahassee, - - 2014
Although evidence is mounting that opioids are abused to self-medicate negative emotions, little is known about the traits and factors linked to opioid self-medication. One potentially crucial psychological correlate is dispositional mindfulness. Thus, the purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of opioid self-medication among a treatment-seeking sample ...
Roberts David D University of Bristol at the Bath Academy Department, Department of Medical Education, Royal United Hospital Bath NHS Trust, - - 2014
Dedicated medical education posts are an exciting opportunity for doctors to focus on their development as clinical teachers. Within the seven hospital trusts that host students from the University of Bristol there are now 19 clinical teaching fellowship (CTF) posts. On starting a dedicated medical education post, the opportunities available ...
Smith Laura-Jane LJ University College London Medical School, UCL, London, - - 2014
As the health care education landscape in the UK changes rapidly and dramatically, collaboration across institutions bridging undergraduate and postgraduate fields is increasingly necessary. Collaboration entails both risks and benefits. There is a paucity of advice on how to ensure collaborative projects in medical education are effective. There is a ...
Mussani Farheen - - 2014
Background and Objective:Recall dermatitis is an uncommon entity that has been noted with patch testing, repeat exposures to a medication or allergen, and the concurrent use of ultraviolet radiation and certain medications. Recall dermatitis from primary cutaneous exposure and subsequent oral exposure are rare, and the etiology remains unknown.Conclusion:We report ...
Afzal Zubair - - 2014
BackgroundIn order to extract meaningful information from electronic medical records, such as signs and symptoms, diagnoses, and treatments, it is important to take into account the contextual properties of the identified information: negation, temporality, and experiencer. Most work on automatic identification of these contextual properties has been done on English ...
Doja Asif - - 2014
BackgroundDisciplines differ in their authorship and citation practices, thus discipline-specific h-index norms are desirable. Thus the goal of this study was to examine the relationship between the h-index and academic rank in the field of medical education, and the differences in the h-index between MD¿s and PhD¿s in this field.MethodsDue ...
Fleischman Julie M JM Michigan State University, Department of Anthropology, 655 Auditorium Dr., Baker Hall Room 355, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
Forensic anthropologists are regularly asked to assist with the identification of unknown individuals using comparative medical radiography. This study addressed the use of midline medical sternotomy wires as a means for personal identification. Antemortem and postmortem radiographic comparisons were completed by 46 professional forensic anthropologists and anthropology graduate students familiar ...
Hunter Charlotte E CE Centre for Research on Inner City Health, Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
Medication adherence is an important determinant of successful medical treatment. Marginalized populations, such as homeless and vulnerably housed individuals, may face substantial barriers to medication adherence. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of, reasons for, and factors associated with medication nonadherence among homeless and vulnerably housed individuals. Additionally, we ...
Herdman Bruce W BW Philadelphia Prison System, Philadelphia, PA, USA - - 2014
The difficulty of obtaining accurate medication history from inmates at the time of incarceration is daunting. This article summarizes the success of a large urban jail in the use of online data to identify medication history upon incarceration. This article describes the scope of available prescription data, the implementation of ...
Spoelstra Sandra L SL Michigan State University College of Nursing, East Lansing, MI, - - 2014
This article presents an integrative review of the evidence for combined motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioural interventions that promote medication adherence. We undertook this review to establish a scientific foundation for development of interventions to promote medication adherence and to guide clinical practice. The World Health Organization has designated medication ...
Boyd Carol J - - 2014
The purpose of this longitudinal study (N = 2,745) was to determine whether adolescents' recent medical use of anxiolytic or sleep medication was associated with increased incidence of using someone else's prescription for these classes of medication (nonmedical use). Data were collected from adolescents attending 5 Detroit area secondary schools ...
Kabore Lassane L Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, AL, - - 2014
Adherence is a major determinant of the effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART). We determined the association between self-reported adherence (SRA) and medication possession ratio (MPR), a pharmacy-based adherence measure, and their respective associations with viral load. Adherence to ART was assessed by MPR over 6 months and by self-report which ...
Lande Yechezkel Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rabin Medical Center, Helen Schneider Hospital for Women , Petach-Tikva , Israel , - - 2014
Abstract Worldwide, IVF is often discontinued before a live birth is achieved due to high costs. Even when partial financial coverage is provided, often medical providers advise treatment discontinuation. In Israel, unlimited IVF is offered free of charge for a couples' first two children. Our objective was to assess the ...
Patel Mitesh S - - 2014
Low-value services, such as prescribing brand-name medications that have existing generic equivalents, contribute to unnecessary health care spending. To evaluate the association of an intervention by using the electronic health record with provider prescription of generic-equivalent medications. Quasi-experimental study. General internal medicine (IM) (n = 2) and family medicine (FM) (n = ...
Peitzman Steven J SJ Dr. Peitzman was, at the time of this study, senior medical advisor, Clinical Skills Evaluation Collaboration, a group comprising National Board of Medical Examiners and Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates staff. He is currently professor of medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Cuddy is measurement scientist, National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To provide descriptive information about history-taking (HX) and physical examination (PE) performance for U.S. medical students as documented by standardized patients (SPs) during the Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) component of the United States Medical Licensing Examination. The authors examined two hypotheses: (1) Students perform worse in PE compared with ...
Stultz J S JS Department of Pharmacotherapy and Outcomes Science, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Pharmacy, Richmond, VA, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine dosing alert rates based on prescription order characteristics and identify prescription order risk factors for the occurrence of dosing alerts. A retrospective analysis of inpatient medication orders and dosing alerts occurring during October 2011 and January, April, and July 2012 at a pediatric institution. Prescription orders and alerts ...
Bacchi Stephen S University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to review studies published in English between 1 January 2000 and 16 June 2014, in peer-reviewed journals, that have assessed the prevalence of depression, comparing medical students and non-medical students with a single evaluation method. The databases PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Scopus were ...
Muñoz-Negrete F J FJ Servicio de Oftalmología, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, IRYCIS, Universidad de Alcalá, OFTARED, Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
To present a clinical practice guideline update on the medical, laser, and surgical treatment of primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in adults. Following the formulation of key questions using the PICO scheme (Patient/Problem, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome), a systematic review was performed on the literature published to date, including international clinical ...
Cottney Alan A East London National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
In the present study, we aimed to identify the incidence, type, and potential clinical consequence of medication-administration errors made in a mental health hospital, and to investigate factors that might increase the risk of error. A prospective, direct observational technique was used to collect data from nurse medication rounds on ...
Rowe Hilary H Department of Pharmacy, Fraser Health Authority, Surrey, British Columbia, - - 2015
This article reviews the necessary skills required for clinicians to make informed decisions about the use of medications in breastfeeding women. Even without specific data on certain medications, this review of kinetic principles, mechanisms of medication entry into breast milk, and important infant factors can aid in clinical decision making. ...
Hodgkin Dominic D Institute for Behavioral Health, Schneider Institutes for Health Policy, Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the United States, many individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) pay for their medications using private health insurance coverage. As in other drug classes, private insurers are actively seeking to influence use and costs, particularly for newer and costlier medications. The approaches that insurers use may have important effects on ...
Isles Alan F AF Respiratory Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia; University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, - - 2014
The emergence of paediatrics as a specialty in Australian medicine dates from the last two decades of the 19th century. Among the pioneers of pre-Federation paediatrics, we include Dr Henry Edward Brown (1858-1931), an Irish-born physician and surgeon who became the first paediatrician to practise in the northern half of ...
McCOMAS Jeffery J Author Affiliations: Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla (Mr McComas); and School of Nursing, Point Loma Nazarene University, San Diego (Dr Riingen), CA; and St David's School of Nursing, Texas State University, Round Rock (Dr Kim). This study was performed as part of the MSN degree requirements at School of Nursing, Point Loma Nazarene University, San Diego, - - 2014
The study aims were to evaluate the impact of electronic medication administration record implementation on medication administration efficiency and occurrence of medication errors as well as to identify the predictors of medication administration efficiency in an acute care setting. A prospective, observational study utilizing time-and-motion technique was conducted before and ...
Martinho Frederico C FC Department of Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics Division-UNESP-UNIV Estadual Paulista, São José dos Campos Dental School, São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil; Department of Restorative Dentistry, Endodontics Division, Piracicaba Dental School-State University of Campinas-UNICAMP, Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
This clinical study assessed the influence of different intracanal medications on Th1-type and Th2-type cytokine responses in apical periodontitis and monitored the levels of bacteria from primarily infection during endodontic procedures. Thirty primarily infected teeth were randomly divided into 3 groups according to the medication selected: chlorhexidine (CHX), 2% CHX ...
Greifner Gabriel G *Glaucoma Center, Montchoisi Clinic ‡Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland †Glaucoma Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of CO2 laser-assisted sclerectomy surgery (CLASS) compared with classic nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) with implant in medically uncontrolled glaucoma patients. Patients who underwent primary filtration surgery with CO2 laser system at the time interval between July 2010 and April 2011 were identified, their medical files were ...
Tran Phong A PA Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Particulate Fluid Processing Centre, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2015
Bacterial infection associated with medical devices remains a challenge to modern medicine as more patients are being implanted with medical devices that provide surfaces and environment for bacteria colonization. In particular, bacteria are commonly found to adhere more preferably to hydrophobic materials and many of which are used to make ...
Martinez Iveris L IL Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: There has been a recent movement towards social accountability in medical schools, which includes integrating the social, economic, and cultural determinants of health into the curriculum. Medical schools and their guiding bodies have met this challenge of educating future physicians to provide effective care to diverse populations with ...
Nussbaum Abraham M AM Denver Health and Hospital Authority, CO, and the University of Colorado School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry , CO - - 2014
Abstract Background: Marijuana use is associated with anxiety, depressive, psychotic, neurocognitive, and substance use disorders. Many US states are legalizing marijuana for medical uses. Objective: To determine the prevalence of medical marijuana use and diversion among psychiatric inpatients in Colorado. Methods: Some 623 participants (54.6% male) responded to an anonymous ...
Kerr Mike M Institute of Psychiatric Medicine & Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United - - 2014
This White Paper builds on the publication of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) and International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE) report "Listening for a change-medical and social needs of people with intellectual disability who have epilepsy" (Listening for a change the medical and social needs of people with epilepsy and ...
Sonalkar Sarita S Boston Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to evaluate satisfaction with timing of administration and continuation rates of depot medroxyprogesterone (DMPA) when given on the initial visit for first-trimester medical abortion. In this pilot study, we administered DMPA within 15 min of mifepristone administration. Participants were followed up in the clinic 7 days after enrollment ...
DiGiovanni Benedict F BF Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642. E-mail address for B.F. DiGiovanni: - - 2014
Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, the degree to which medical schools are providing students with the knowledge and confidence to treat these problems is unclear. This study evaluated the factors that impact musculoskeletal knowledge and clinical confidence among fourth-year medical students. Over a three-year period, 253 fourth-year medical students ...
Czernichow Sébastien S INSERM UMS 011, Villejuif, France, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery (BS) procedures are increasing but few studies have investigated their influence on medical management and costs in France. The "Echantillon Généraliste des Beneficiaires" (EGB) is a 1/97 representative sample (n = 520,000 in 2011) of a national claims database covering about 80 % of the population. Adult patients treated for the ...
Singh Sukhbir Sony SS Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, The Ottawa Hospital/University of - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This review provides an overview of therapeutic options, with a specific focus on the emerging role of medical options for UF management. Research Design and Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Systematic Reviews were searched for articles published between 1980 and 2013. Relevant articles were identified using the ...
Peterson Josh F JF Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, - - 2014
To develop and evaluate an electronic tool to assist clinical pharmacists with reviewing potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in hospitalized elderly adults. Pilot intervention. Academic tertiary care hospital. Hospitalized adults aged 65 and older admitted to the general medicine, orthopedics, and urology services during a 3-week period in 2011 who were ...
Beebe Lora Humphrey LH University of Tennessee, College of Nursing, Knoxville, - - 2014
Introduction. Although an extensive body of literature suggests that face-to-face problem-solving interventions are an effective means of fostering psychiatric medication adherence for persons with SSDs, the majority of outpatients with SSDs lack access to this proven intervention. There is a need for exploration of alternate delivery methods for problem solving. ...
Druckman Myles M From International SOS (Drs Druckman, Liu, and Quigley), Trevose, Pa.; and Community, Environment, and Policy Division (Dr Harber), Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, - - 2014
To identify factors affecting the likelihood of requiring medical services during international business trips. Data from more than 800,000 international trips and medical assistance cases provided to 48 multinational corporations in 2009. Travel destination countries were grouped into four a priori risk-related categories. Travel to "low" medical risk countries in ...
Chesaniuk Marie M Columbia University, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study tested whether perceived epilepsy-related stigma is associated with adherence in people living with epilepsy and if information, motivation, and behavioral skills are potential pathways underlying the stigma-adherence link. We surveyed persons living with epilepsy between the ages of 18 and 65 (N=140) using an online questionnaire to assess ...
Watanabe Jonathan Hirohiko JH University of California San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0714, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prescription medications are an important component of chronic disease management. They are vital in preventing unnecessary ER visits. However, few studies have examined the association between patients' self-reported inability to receive necessary medications and emergency room costs. The study objectives were to: 1) determine differences in ER costs based on ...
Greenall Julie J ISMP Canada, Toronto, - - 2014
In 2012, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and the Institute for Safe Medication Practices Canada (ISMP Canada) collaborated with an international panel of oncology practitioners to develop the ISMP International Medication Safety Self Assessment® for Oncology. This self-assessment was designed to assist oncology practitioners in hospitals, ambulatory care ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >