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Wagner Daniel J DJ 1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary , Calgary, Alberta, Canada - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Little is known about the pattern of service receipt and outcomes from clinics implementing best practice guidelines in child mental health. This study aimed to determine these variables for a clinic that implemented an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment guideline proposed by the Children's Medication Algorithm Project (CMAP). Methods: ...
Chuang Chien-Chia CC Evidera, 430 Bedford Street, Suite 300, Lexington, MA, USA - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and healthcare resource utilization (HRU)/costs of individuals treated for neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the United States (US). Methods: Using a US administrative claims database, we identified commercially-insured adults newly diagnosed with carcinoid tumors (ICD-9-CM: 209.xx) or pancreatic islet cell tumors (ICD-9-CM: 157.4 ...
O'Connor Patrick J PJ HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, MN - - 2014
Medication nonadherence is a major obstacle to better control of glucose, blood pressure (BP), and LDL cholesterol in adults with diabetes. Inexpensive effective strategies to increase medication adherence are needed. In a pragmatic randomized trial, we randomly assigned 2,378 adults with diabetes mellitus who had recently been prescribed a new ...
ALBashtawy Mohammed M Faculty of Nursing, Community Health Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Al-Mafraq, Jordan - - 2014
Self-medication, usually with over-the-counter (OTC) medication, is reported as a community health problem that affects many people worldwide. Most self-medication practice usually begins with the onset of adolescence. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, using a simple random sampling method to select 6 public schools from ...
Armor Becky L BL Department of Pharmacy: Clinical and Administrative Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy, Oklahoma City, OK, USA - - 2014
Approximately two-thirds of adverse events posthospital discharge are due to medication-related problems. Medication reconciliation is a strategy to reduce medication errors and improve patient safety. Objective: To evaluate adverse drug events (ADEs), potential ADEs (pADEs), and medication discrepancies occurring between hospital discharge and primary care follow-up in an academic family ...
Kelly Michael S MS School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
To evaluate the concordance of the Modified Morisky Scale (MMS) with a pharmacist assessment of medication adherence during a medication review. This retrospective study examined the electronic medical records (EMRs) of patients ≥18 years who received a medication review by a pharmacist from October 2008 to September 2009 at a ...
Aitken Maia R MR Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square, - - 2014
To evaluate short- and long-term outcome after medical and surgical management of horses with cecal impaction and to determine reasons for death or euthanasia. Retrospective case series. Horses (n = 150). Data collected from medical records (1991-2011) of horses with a diagnosis of cecal impaction, included signalment, history of recent disease/surgical procedure, ...
Krousel-Wood Marie M aDepartment of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine bCenter for Health Research, Ochsner Clinic Foundation cDepartment of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine dDepartment of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine eOffice of Medical Education, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana (work done while at the Center for Health Research, Ochsner Clinic Foundation) fDepartment of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California gDepartment of Cardiology-Hypertension Section, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, Louisiana hDepartment of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
Pharmacy refill adherence assesses the medication-filling behaviors, whereas self-report adherence assesses the medication-taking behaviors. We contrasted the association of pharmacy refill and self-reported antihypertensive medication adherence with blood pressure (BP) control and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Adults (n = 2075) from the prospective Cohort Study of Medication Adherence among Older Adults recruited ...
Hoeh Helmut H *Eye Hospital at the Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Klinikum, Neubrandenburg †Teaching Hospital of the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt, University Greifswald, Greifswald ¶Eye Clinic, Cham, Germany ‡Vold Vision, Fayetteville, AK §Department of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ∥Institut Catala de Retina, Universidad Internacional de Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain #Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA **Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA ††Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston, Boston, - - 2014
To evaluate safety and clinical outcomes of a novel supraciliary device, the CyPass Micro-Stent, for surgical treatment of open-angle glaucoma when implanted in conjunction with cataract surgery. Subjects (n=142) with open-angle glaucoma and cataract underwent combined phacoemulsification, with intraocular lens insertion, and microstent implantation into the supraciliary space of study ...
Woo David D Sydney Eye Hospital, NSW, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of current intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering medications on the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT). Retrospective chart review of records from an urban glaucoma clinic in Sydney, Australia. Patients who received their first SLT between 2002 and 2005 were studied (Grouped from 0 to 3 according ...
Reeve Emily E Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia. - - 2014
Deprescribing is the process of trial withdrawal of inappropriate medications. Currently, the strongest evidence for benefit of deprescribing is from cohort and observational studies of withdrawal of specific medication classes that have shown better patient outcomes, mainly through resolution of adverse drug reactions. Additional potential benefits of deprescribing include reduced ...
Kalisch Ellett Lisa M LM Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
To identify the association between use of multiple anticholinergic medications and risk of hospitalization for confusion or dementia. Retrospective cohort study conducted over 2 years between July 2010 and June 2012, using administrative claims data from the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs. Australia. Australian veterans dispensed at least one moderately or ...
Engle William D WD Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390-9063. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the modern era of transcutaneous bilirubin monitoring (TcB) began only about 35 years ago, this screening tool is now widely used in newborn nurseries and outpatient clinics, offices, and emergency departments to obtain a rapid and non-invasive estimate of the degree of hyperbilirubinemia. TcB devices have become more sophisticated, ...
Hope Valerie V Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, - - 2014
North American medical students are more depressed and anxious than their peers. In the UK, the regulator now has responsibility for medical students, which may potentially increase scrutiny of their health. This may either help or hinder medical students in accessing appropriate care. The prevalences of anxiety, depression and psychological ...
Rutkowski David D University Hospital of South Manchester, Wythenshawe, Manchester, - - 2014
Reducing prescribing errors is key to ensuring patient safety. Foundation-year doctors (FYs) have been found to be major contributors to prescribing errors, and often feel poorly prepared for prescribing by their undergraduate education. Numerous studies have reported these findings; however, few studies have introduced meaningful interventions. A questionnaire was sent ...
- - 2014
ALTHOUGH THE stated purpose of this book is to explain evidence-based practice to all healthcare professionals, it appears to be intended for medical staff only.
Nakashima Ryoichi R Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Society, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan, - - 2014
How does domain-specific knowledge influence the experts' performance in their domain of expertise? Specifically, can visual search experts find, with uniform efficiency, any type of target in their domain of expertise? We examined whether acquired knowledge of target importance influences an expert's visual search performance. In some professional searches (e.g., ...
Pollack Allan A Family Medicine Research Centre, University of Sydney, New South - - 2014
There has been both medical and lay interest in the association of gluten with gastrointestinal conditions.
Miller Andrew C - - 2014
How one defines death may vary. It is important for clinicians to recognize those aspects of a patient's religious beliefs that may directly influence medical care and how such practices may interface with local laws governing the determination of death. Debate continues about the validity and certainty of brain death ...
Aftyka Anna A Department of Nursing Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, - - 2014
To compare interventions of medical emergency teams in urban and rural areas with particular emphasis on response time and on-site medical rescue activities. A retrospective analysis of ambulance call reports from two emergency medical service substations: one in the city and the other in a rural area. Two emergency medical ...
Schabort Inge I Associate Professor of Family Medicine and IMG Coordinator at McMaster University in Hamilton, - - 2014
To determine predictors of international medical graduate (IMG) success in accordance with the priorities highlighted by the Thomson and Cohl judicial report on IMG selection. Retrospective assessment using regression analyses to compare the information available at the time of resident selection with those trainees' national certification examination outcomes. McMaster University ...
Kotz Daniel D Department of Family Medicine, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, University College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the "real-world" effectiveness of commonly used aids to smoking cessation in England by using longitudinal data. We conducted a prospective cohort study in 1560 adult smokers who participated in an English national household survey in the period from November 2006 to March 2012, responded to a 6-month follow-up ...
Welsh Oliverio O Department of Dermatology, Dr. Jose E. Gonzalez University Hospital, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Monterrey, Nuevo León, - - 2014
Medical treatment of mycetoma depends on its fungal or bacterial etiology. Clinically, these entities share similar features that can confuse diagnosis, causing a lack of therapeutic response due to inappropriate treatment. This review evaluates the response to available antimicrobial agents in actinomycetoma and the current status of antifungal drugs for ...
Reynolds Ian S IS The Pew Charitable Trusts, Washington, - - 2014
Postmarketing surveillance is critical to evaluating the safety and effectiveness of medical devices. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) may order the manufacturer of a high-risk device to conduct postmarketing surveillance studies, known as postapproval studies (PASs), at the time of approval. To understand the characteristics of PASs ordered ...
Ebner Florian F Universitätsfrauenklinik Ulm, Prittwitzstr. 43, 89075, Ulm, Germany, - - 2014
The diagnosis of extrauterine pregnancy is possible very early giving the patient and doctors treatment options. As the risks and success rate of medical and surgical treatment are similar, the decision is increasingly influenced by cost-effectiveness. The following article systematically reviews the known literature regarding cost, decision criteria and possible ...
Ryan Jamie L JL Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Center for Adherence and Self-Management, 3333 Burnet Ave., MLC 7039, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the adapted Allocation of Treatment Responsibility (ATR) scale and the distribution of tasks related to oral medication and clinic and laboratory visits in a sample of adolescents with epilepsy. Adolescents with epilepsy (N=50; ages 13-17years) and their ...
Ryan-Ibarra Suzanne S Survey Research Group, Public Health Institute, Sacramento, California, - - 2014
The US Drug Enforcement Agency classifies marijuana as an illegal substance, yet in 22 states marijuana is legal for medicinal use. In 1996, California legalised the use of marijuana for medicinal purposes, but population-based data describing medical marijuana users in the state has not been available. Our aim was to ...
Cheung Ka-Chun KC Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Radboud University Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
National reporting programmes usually collect and analyse medication error reports from healthcare providers in their own country and only disseminate guidance to healthcare providers within the borders of their country. It is unclear how much different national programmes could learn from each other. The aim of this study was therefore ...
Leung Doris Yp DY The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong - - 2014
The aim of present study was to describe the prevalence of medication adherence, and to examine its risk factors among Chinese community-dwelling older adults with chronic diseases. Secondary analysis was carried out on the data collected from 3167 Hong Kong adults aged ≥60 years who lived in their private home, had ...
Nouri Kazem - - 2014
To compare the understanding and perceptions of fertility issues among medical and non-medical University students. In a prospective case-control study, using a 43 item questionnaire with 5 sections and 43 questions regarding personal data (8 questions), lifestyle factors (9 questions), plans on having children (5 questions), age and fertility (5 ...
Holtzman Kathleen Z KZ Ms. Holtzman is director, Assessment and International Operations, American Board of Medical Specialties, Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Swanson is vice president, Assessment Programs Unit, National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Ouyang is measurement analyst, Measurement Consulting Services Unit, National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Dillon is vice president, Assessment Programs Unit, National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Boulet is associate vice president, Research and Data Resources, Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To investigate country-to-country variation in performance across clinical science disciplines and tasks for examinees taking the Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) component of the United States Medical Licensing Examination. In 2012 the authors analyzed demographic characteristics, total scores, and percent-correct clinical science discipline and task scores for more than 88,500 ...
Oliveira Anderson de AD Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, - - 2014
Background: Appropriateness Criteria for nuclear imaging exams were created by American College of Cardiology (ACC) e American Society of Nuclear Cardiology (ASNC) to allow the rational use of tests. Little is known whether these criteria have been followed in clinical practice. Objective: To evaluate whether the medical applications of myocardial ...
Uhlig C E CE Department of Ophthalmology, University Medical Center, Münster, Germany, - - 2014
To analyse the willingness for postmortem cornea donation in Germany. Employees in two cities (UKM, UKS), and university hospitals (STM, STE), members of the German Ophthalmological Society (DOG), and employees of an automobile company (BO) participated in a questionnaire about postmortem cornea donation attitudes. The questionnaire consisted of demographic items, ...
Sripada Rebecca K RK VA Serious Mental Illness Treatment Resource and Evaluation Center (SMITREC); VA Ann Arbor Health Care System; University of Michigan Department of Psychiatry. Electronic address: - - 2014
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with higher rates of many medical conditions and higher use of medical health care services. Growing evidence suggests that comorbid medical illness in PTSD may in turn be associated with greater use of mental health treatment. However, no study to date has examined the ...
Giami Alain A Inserm, CESP Centre de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Santé des Populations, U1018 Equipe Genre, Santé Sexuelle et Reproductive, 94276, Le Kremlin Bicêtre, France, - - 2014
Drawing from controversies between medical, legal, and associative actors about the obligation of sex reassignment surgeries (SRS) for people who intend to change their civil status, this article discusses the role that medical procedures, and particularly SRS, play in contemporary gender identifications and transition pathways in France. In 2010, the ...
Beamish Andrew James AJ Postgraduate Centre, Wales Deanery, Heath Park, Cardiff, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Literature exploring the educational value and quality of conference poster presentation is scarce. The aim of this study was to identify and describe the variation in poster exhibitions across a spectrum of conferences attended by trainees. Prospective observational assessment of conference posters was carried out across 7 variables at 4 ...
Cooper Julie B JB Julie B. Cooper, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist; Michelle, Lilliston, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist; and DeAnne Brooks, Pharm.D., is Director of Pharmacy, Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Cone Health, Greensboro, NC. Bruce Swords, M.D., Ph.D., is Chief Medical Information Officer, Cone Health. - - 2014
The implementation and outcomes of a pharmacy technician medication history program are described. An interprofessional medication reconciliation team, led by a clinical pharmacist and a clinical nurse specialist, was charged with implementing a new electronic medication reconciliation system to improve compliance with medication reconciliation at discharge and capture compliance-linked reimbursement. ...
Kirsch Daniel J DJ a Department of Psychiatry , University of Massachusetts Medical School , Worcester , - - 2014
Abstract. Objective: To describe diagnostic and psychotropic medication prescription characteristics among college students referred by college counseling centers for psychopharmacologic evaluation. Participants: Participants were 540 college students referred by six college counseling centers in Massachusetts between November 2005 and May 2011. Method: Students completed self-report measures of depression, anxiety, suicidal ...
Benson T T School of Psychology, University of Ulster,Magee Campus, Northland Road,Londonderry,Northern Ireland BT48 - - 2014
Background. To identify the predictors of psychotropic medication use and to determine rates and patterns of use in Northern Ireland (NI) among the general population and various subgroups. Method. Analysis of data from the NI Study of Health and Stress, a representative household survey undertaken between 2004 and 2008 with ...
Lovegrove Maribeth C MC Division of Healthcare Quality Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; - - 2014
Emergency department visits and subsequent hospitalizations of young children after unsupervised ingestions of prescription medications are increasing despite widespread use of child-resistant packaging and caregiver education efforts. Data on the medications implicated in ingestions are limited but could help identify prevention priorities and intervention strategies. We used nationally representative adverse ...
Härkänen Marja M Department of Nursing Science, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland; Finnish Doctoral Programme in Nursing Science, - - 2014
Observing real situations in clinical practice can provide undetected information regarding problems in the medication process. The aims of this study were to describe the frequency, types, and severity of medication errors in medical and surgical inpatients as well as to study the relationship between medication errors and associating factors. ...
Leuchter Andrew F AF Andrew F. Leuchter, MD, Aimee M. Hunter, PhD, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Los Angeles; Molly Tartter, MA, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, the Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA and the Department of Psychology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles; Ian A. Cook, MD, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and the Laboratory of Brain, Behavior, and Pharmacology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Background Pill-taking, expectations and therapeutic alliance may account for much of the benefit of medication and placebo treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Aims To examine the effects of medication, placebo and supportive care on treatment outcome, and the relationships of expectations and therapeutic alliance to improvement. Method A total ...
Evans Nicola N North - - 2014
Track your allergies anywhere with this free app and get real-time alerts. Prepare for each day with a personalised allergy and weather forecast. The app also offers a range of tips and medical advice that can be customised for specific allergies.
Tanner Andrea A a School of Journalism and Mass Communications , University of South Carolina , Columbia , South Carolina , - - 2014
Clinical trials help advance public health and medical research on prevention, diagnosis, screening, treatment, and quality of life. Despite the need for access to quality care in medically underserved areas, clinical trial participation remains low among individuals in rural and African American communities. This study assessed clinical trial research in ...
Tjia Jennifer J Department of Quantitative Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Medical School, - - 2014
Advanced dementia is characterized by severe cognitive impairment and complete functional dependence. Patients' goals of care should guide the prescribing of medication during such terminal illness. Medications that do not promote the primary goal of care should be minimized. To estimate the prevalence of medications with questionable benefit used by ...
Lyu Peng-Hui PH Center for Studies of Information Resources, Wuhan University , Wuhan , People's Republic of China - - 2014
The aim of this study is to analyze the research trends of medical informatics over the last 12 years. A new method based on MeSH terms was proposed to identify emerging topics and trends of medical informatics research. Informetric methods and visualization technologies were applied to investigate research trends of ...
Lewis Bob B Medi Tech Trust, - - 2014
Do you have any old medical equipment that is no longer being used, but could still have a useful life overseas? If so, please contact the Medi Tech Trust.
Yin Kanhua K Fudan University Shanghai Medical College , Shanghai , - - 2014
Abstract As a sixth-year medical student and the first exchange medical student from Fudan University, China, I had the opportunity to take a three-month elective at University of California at Davis (UC Davis) School of Medicine from October 2013 to January 2014. I worked and studied at the Division of ...
Rudmik Luke L Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
To evaluate the long-term cost-effectiveness of endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) compared to continued medical therapy for patients with refractory chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Cohort-style Markov decision-tree economic evaluation. The economic perspective was the U.S. third-party payer with a 30-year time horizon. The two comparative treatment strategies were: 1) ESS, followed by ...
Murray Kara L KL Kara L. Murray, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Manager, Clinical Therapeutics and Pharmacy, Clinical Services Group; Dahna Wright, B.S.N., RN, is Director, Women's and Children's Clinical Services; Bill Laxton, B.S.N., RN, CPHRM, is Director, Risk and Patient Safety; Karla M. Miller, Pharm.D., BCPP, is Assistant Vice President, Pharmacy Services and Clinical Therapeutics; Janet Meyers, B.S.N., RN, M.B.A., is Assistant Vice President, Women's and Children's Services; and Jane Englebright, PH.D., B.S.N., RN, CENP, is Chief Nursing Officer and Vice-President, Clinical Services Group, Hospital Corporation of America, Nashville, TN. - - 2014
The development and implementation of a comprehensive and standardized list of pediatric i.v. medication concentrations across a large healthcare system are described. In accordance with National Patient Safety Goals, facilities affiliated with the Hospital Corporation of America system had independently standardized and limited the number of drug concentrations in use. ...
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