Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 415
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >
Cooper Julie B JB Julie B. Cooper, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist; Michelle, Lilliston, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Clinical Pharmacist; and DeAnne Brooks, Pharm.D., is Director of Pharmacy, Moses H. Cone Memorial Hospital, Cone Health, Greensboro, NC. Bruce Swords, M.D., Ph.D., is Chief Medical Information Officer, Cone Health. - - 2014
The implementation and outcomes of a pharmacy technician medication history program are described. An interprofessional medication reconciliation team, led by a clinical pharmacist and a clinical nurse specialist, was charged with implementing a new electronic medication reconciliation system to improve compliance with medication reconciliation at discharge and capture compliance-linked reimbursement. ...
Murray Kara L KL Kara L. Murray, Pharm.D., BCPS, is Manager, Clinical Therapeutics and Pharmacy, Clinical Services Group; Dahna Wright, B.S.N., RN, is Director, Women's and Children's Clinical Services; Bill Laxton, B.S.N., RN, CPHRM, is Director, Risk and Patient Safety; Karla M. Miller, Pharm.D., BCPP, is Assistant Vice President, Pharmacy Services and Clinical Therapeutics; Janet Meyers, B.S.N., RN, M.B.A., is Assistant Vice President, Women's and Children's Services; and Jane Englebright, PH.D., B.S.N., RN, CENP, is Chief Nursing Officer and Vice-President, Clinical Services Group, Hospital Corporation of America, Nashville, TN. - - 2014
The development and implementation of a comprehensive and standardized list of pediatric i.v. medication concentrations across a large healthcare system are described. In accordance with National Patient Safety Goals, facilities affiliated with the Hospital Corporation of America system had independently standardized and limited the number of drug concentrations in use. ...
Akyol Cağri - - 2014
Possible adverse effects of a commonly used veterinary antibiotic, oxytetracycline (OTC), on acidogenic phase of anaerobic digestion of cattle manure along with optimum operating conditions were investigated. A standard veterinary practice of 50 ml OTC solution (20 mg/kg cattle weight) was injected into the muscles of cattle and then manure ...
Greenhalgh Stephen N SN Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB3 0ES, - - 2014
Objective-To compare long-term survival and quality of life data in dogs with clinical signs associated with a congenital portosystemic shunt (CPSS) that underwent medical or surgical treatment. Design-Prospective cohort study. Animals-124 client-owned dogs with CPSS. Procedures-Dogs received medical or surgical treatment without regard to signalment, clinical signs, or clinicopathologic results. ...
- - 2014
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is driving the evolution of reimbursement from a fee-for-service model to an outcomes-based system. Accountable care organizations (ACOs) are 1 component of this evolution, and 1 of their charges is to reduce hospital readmission rates for key diagnoses such as congestive heart failure (CHF) and ...
Kaur Baldeep - - 2014
Global medical workforce requirements highlight the need for effective workforce planning, with the overall aims being to alleviate doctor shortages and prevent maldistribution. The Medical Schools Outcomes Database and Longitudinal Tracking (MSOD) Project provides a foundation for evaluating outcomes of medical education programs against specified workforce objectives (including rural and ...
Ellis Michelle L ML a School of Aging Studies , University of South Florida , Tampa, FL , - - 2014
Objectives: Antipsychotic medications have been federally regulated since 1987, yet research suggests they continue to be used inappropriately to alleviate behavioral symptoms associated with dementia. In 2012, the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid launched a new initiative to reduce antipsychotic medication in nursing homes by 15% nationally. The aim of ...
Yabuuchi Hidetake H Department of Health Sciences, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan - - 2014
There has been no comparison of detectability of small lung cancer between general and medical LCD monitors or no comparison of detectability of small lung cancer between solid and part-solid nodules. To compare the detectabilities of T1a lung cancer on chest radiographs on three LCD monitor types: 2-megapixel (MP) for ...
Bussel I I II Department of Ophthalmology, UPMC Eye Center, Eye and Ear Institute, Ophthalmology and Visual Science Research Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
To evaluate outcomes of ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT) with the trabectome following failed trabeculectomy. Prospective study of AITs and phaco-AITs after a failed trabeculectomy. The indication for AIT was intraocular pressure (IOP) above target on maximally tolerated therapy, and for phaco-AIT a visually significant cataract and need to lower IOP ...
Bayliss Paul P Sussex Partnership NHS Foundation Trust, East Sussex, - - 2014
To develop a preliminary model of the experiences of people undergoing combined treatment with antidepressant medication and cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) for depression. The study used a qualitative methodology informed by grounded theory. Participants were 12 adults who had received treatment with antidepressant medication and CBT for depression. Participants engaged in ...
Fan Wen W Department of Neurology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
This study aims to evaluate the long-term efficacy of low-dose amitriptyline combined with abrupt withdrawal in outpatients of medication-overuse headache (MOH) in an open-label design. We evaluated the effectiveness of early introduction of low-dose amitriptyline combined with abrupt withdrawal in outpatients with MOH over a 1-year observational period. The primary ...
Raglan Greta B - - 2014
On a day-to-day basis, doctors must decide which treatments are most beneficial for their patients, and which make the most sense in terms of costs. In medical decision making, factors such as efficiency and cost-effectiveness can be particularly challenging to navigate because many of the most expensive procedures encountered in ...
Santen Sally A SA Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Medical education is a continuum from medical school through residency to unsupervised clinical practice. There has been a movement toward competency-based medical education prompted by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) using milestones to assess competence. While implementation of milestones for residents sets specific standards for transition to ...
Ramalhinho Isabel I Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Algarve, Campus de Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal, - - 2014
Background Misuse of antibiotics gives rise to numerous individual and societal problems, among which antimicrobial resistance is currently a major worldwide concern. Understanding cultural features in the public's attitudes and behaviours regarding antibiotics and their use is a prerequisite to developing effective educational interventions. Objective To estimate the prevalence of ...
Santana Thaiana Aragão TA Oncology Department, ABC Medical School (FMABC), Av. Principe de Gales, São Paulo, 09060-650, Brazil, - - 2014
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is a distressing chemotherapy-induced symptom that may adversely impact the quality of life of cancer patients. We conducted a systematic search of the Pubmed, Bireme, and Cochrane databases for randomized clinical trials that were published in English and that evaluated the combination of adjunctive non-neurokinin ...
Møller Thea Palsgaard TP Emergency Medical Services Copenhagen, University of Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark, Telegrafvej 5, opgang 2,3, DK-2750 Ballerup, Denmark; Danish Institute for Medical Simulation, University of Copenhagen, Capital Region of Denmark Herlev Ringvej 75,25, DK-2730 Herlev, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
1) To explore the concept of debriefing bystanders after participating in an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest resuscitation attempt including 1) bystanders' most commonly addressed reactions after participating in a resuscitation attempt when receiving debriefing from medical dispatchers; 2) their perception of effects of receiving debriefing and 3) bystanders' recommendations for a ...
Jesani Amar A 301, Prabhu Darshan, Swatantrya Sainik nagar, Andheri (W) mumbai 400 058. - - 2014
The ugly but well known and hitherto cheerfully accepted phenomenon of corruption in the health system has once again come to haunt the healthcare professions in India. It is no accident of history that the birth of The Indian Journal of Medical Ethics was intimately connected to the brazen corruption ...
Carter Frances A - - 2014
No previous studies have systematically assessed the psychological functioning of medical students following a major disaster. To describe the psychological functioning of medical students following the earthquakes in Canterbury, New Zealand, and identify predictors of adverse psychological functioning. 7 months following the most severe earthquake, medical students completed the Depression, ...
Din Gregory Yom GY The Open University of Israel, Raanana, Israel; Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, Israel. - - 2014
We examined how, where an overall population is covered by universal health insurance, characteristics of disadvantaged populations interact to influence inequality in primary and secondary medical care utilization. Disadvantaged populations, the focus of the study, were defined as populations who have lower socio-economic status (SES), who are elderly and/or reside ...
Kent Shia T ST Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of - - 2014
After the 2003 publication of the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC 7) guidelines, there was a 5-10% increase in patients initiating antihypertensive medication with a thiazide-type diuretic, but most patients still did not initiate treatment with this ...
de Barra Mícheál M http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4455-6214 Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
Medical treatments with no direct effect (like homeopathy) or that cause harm (like bloodletting) are common across cultures and throughout history. How do such treatments spread and persist? Most medical treatments result in a range of outcomes: some people improve while others deteriorate. If the people who improve are more ...
Aljadhey Hisham H College of Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Medication safety is a global concern among healthcare providers. However, the challenges to and the future of medication safety in Saudi Arabia have not been explored. We explored the perspectives of healthcare practitioners on current issues about medication safety in hospitals and community settings in Saudi Arabia in order to ...
Levine Michael M Department of Medical Toxicology, Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA. - - 2013
Complementary and alternative medications, including the use of herbal medications, have become quite popular in the USA. Yerberias are found throughout the southwest and specialize in selling Hispanic herbal products. The products sold in these stores are not regulated by any governmental agency. Previous reports have found Ayurvedic medications contain ...
Fleseriu Maria - - 2012
Cushing's disease (CD) is caused by a corticotroph, adrenocorticotropic-hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Transsphenoidal surgery is the initial treatment of choice in almost all cases. Remission rates for microadenomas are good at 65-90 % (with an experienced neurosurgeon) but remission rates are much lower for ...
Ahearn Eileen P EP William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI 53705-2286, United States. - - 2013
Suicide attempt rates were assessed in 1306 subjects in this 6 year retrospective study of Bipolar disorder. Participants were Veterans from 5 different Veterans Administration Hospitals who met criteria for bipolar type 1 or 2 and who had at least one prescription for lithium or divalproex or both during the ...
Miller Aaron - - 2012
Background/Aims HMG-CoA inhibitor (statin) use is a common treatment for elevated cholesterol. Statins are effective in reducing hepatic cholesterol synthesis in prospective studies. Examination of EHR data for estimating statin exposure-time is difficult because prescriptions are in unstructured notes and clinicians prescribe combinations of 'pill splitting', while frequently adjusting dosage ...
Masood Khalid - - 2012
The data analysis of occupationally exposed medical workers in Nuclear Medicine (NM), Radiotherapy (RT) and Diagnostic Radiology (DR) at the Institute of Nuclear Medicine and Oncology (INMOL), Pakistan is presented for the time interval (2007-2011). The whole-body exposure doses of the workers were measured by using the Film Badge Dosimetry ...
Tiwari Ruchi R Department of Pharmacy, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
Healthcare organizations continue to adopt information technologies with clinical decision support (CDS) to prevent potential medication-related adverse drug events. End-users who are unfamiliar with certain high-risk patient populations are at an increased risk of unknowingly causing medication errors. The following case describes a heart transplant recipient exposed to supra-therapeutic concentrations ...
Friedman Lee S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: The overall goal of this research project was to assess ethnic disparities in monetary compensation among construction workers injured on the job through the linkage of medical records and workers' compensation data. METHODS:: Probabilistic linkage of medical records with workers' compensation claim data. RESULTS:: In the final multivariable robust ...
Dunleavy K - - 2012
Background In the course of their work, police staff are at risk of exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF) and potentially at risk of acquiring a blood-borne viral infection. Aims To examine levels of anxiety among Scottish police staff following an occupational exposure to BBF. Methods Police staff who ...
Dobashi Kunio - - 2012
Research into occupational asthma (OA) in Japan has been led by the Japanese Society of Occupational and Environmental Allergy. The first report about allergic OA identified konjac asthma. After that, many kinds of OA have been reported. Cases of some types of OA, such as konjac asthma and sea squirt ...
Schwarz Eleanor Bimla - - 2012
Potentially teratogenic medications are frequently prescribed without provision of contraceptive counseling. To evaluate whether computerized clinical decision support (CDS) can increase primary care providers' (PCPs') provision of family planning services when prescribing potentially teratogenic medications. Cluster-randomized trial conducted in one academic and one community-based practice between October of 2008 and ...
Durand Daniel J DJ Russell H. Morgan Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21287, USA. - - 2012
Over the past several years, the cancer risks associated with radiation from diagnostic imaging have received increased attention in both the medical literature and the lay press. In the midst of this heightened scrutiny, there has been growing support for the idea of tracking cumulative dose estimates that longitudinally document ...
Polaczek-Grelik Kinga - - 2012
Qualitative and quantitative analysis of radionuclides originating inside a medical linear accelerator during emission of high-energy therapeutic photon beams (15, 18, and 20MV) is presented. The semiconductor spectrometry method allowed to obtain the fluence rate of photons with defined energy and hence, to quantify the dose at the chosen points ...
Bonilha Heather Shaw HS Department of Health Sciences and Research, Medical University of South Carolina, 77 President St, Charleston, SC 29425, USA. - - 2013
Guidelines and preventive measures have been established to limit radiation exposure time during modified barium swallow studies (MBSS) but multiple variables may influence the duration of the exam. This study examined the influence of clinician experience, medical diagnosis category, swallowing impairment severity, and use of a standardized protocol on fluoroscopy ...
Dunleavy K - - 2012
Background In the course of their work, police staff are at risk of exposure to blood and body fluids (BBF) and potentially at risk of acquiring a blood-borne viral infection.Aims To examine levels of anxiety among Scottish police staff following an occupational exposure to BBF.Methods Police staff who reported an ...
Jhaveri Kenar D - - 2012
Promoting interest in nephrology as a career is vital to sustain a workforce adequate to meet the projected demand for nephrologists. The educational experiences that internal medicine residents have may play an important role in influencing such choices, and attempts to enrich such experiences could prove a useful strategy to ...
Ross R Stefan - - 2012
In order to assess the human medical significance of the rabies zoonosis in Germany, the data of the relevant surveillance and of the registration systems as well as prescriptions submitted to the statutory health insurance (SHI) were assessed. In all, 2441 of the 81 280 total examinations for rabies conducted ...
James William H - - 2012
James WH. The relevance of the epidemiology of human sex ratios at birth to some medical problems. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 2012; 26: 181-189. The human sex ratio (proportion male at birth) shows considerable variation which is central to reproductive epidemiology. For example, it has reportedly shown significant secular trends ...
O'Malley Lauren - - 2012
PURPOSE: To assess the awareness and level of exposure of interventional radiology (IR) among medical students at a Canadian medical school. To understand how IR can be better described and introduced to medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic anonymous surveys were sent to 542 medical students in their first, second, ...
Das Rupali - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To describe the investigation of a 2007 occupational coccidioidomycosis outbreak in California, recommend prevention measures, and assess statewide disease burden. METHODS:: We evaluated the worksite, observed work practices, interviewed the workers and employer, reviewed medical records, provided prevention recommendations including risk-based respirator selection, and analyzed statewide workers' compensation claims. ...
Garland Eric L - - 2012
In an effort to self-medicate psychological distress stemming from exposure to traumatic life events, at-risk youth may be likely to seek intoxication via substance use. Concomitantly, self-medication with psychoactive substances is theorized to confer risk of developing future psychiatric and substance use disorders. The present study employed structural equation modeling ...
Hodgkin Dominic - - 2012
Widely accepted treatment guidelines and performance measures encourage patients to stay on antidepressant medication beyond the acute phase of treatment in order to achieve full remission and reduce risk of relapse. However, many patients discontinue antidepressant medication treatment prematurely for various reasons, including side-effects or nonresponse to the initial medication ...
Singh Vishwanath P - - 2012
Removal half-life (RHL) of tritium is one of the best means for optimising medical treatment, reduction of committed effective dose (CED) and quick/easy handling of a large group of workers for medical treatment reference. The removal of tritium from the body depends on age, temperature, relative humidity and daily rainfall; ...
Ehrlich Rodney R University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2012
Cases of occupational disease, solvent encephalopathy and occupational asthma are used to exemplify failings of the workers' compensation system in South Africa, that include delays in processing claims, non-response to requests for information, and inadequate assessment of disability. These and other systemic deficiencies in administration of the Compensation for Occupational ...
Bennett Wendy L - - 2012
Clinical practice guidelines have an important role in guiding choices among the numerous medications available to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus, but little is known about their quality. To assess whether guidelines on oral medications for type 2 diabetes are consistent with a systematic review of the current evidence and ...
Gomoi Valentin-Sergiu - - 2012
Development of clinical decision support systems (CDS) is a process which highly depends on the local databases, this resulting in low interoperability. To increase the interoperability of CDS a standard representation of clinical information is needed. The paper suggests a CDS architecture which integrates several HL7 standards and the new ...
Kumar R Pradeep - - 2012
A continuous exposure or contact to latex products may sensitize the human body by causing mild to fatal reactions. Despite the availability of the literature, medical personnel are still unaware of the implications of the use of latex materials. The increased awareness to prevent the transmission of infectious blood borne ...
Eze Boniface I - - 2012
To compare the skills and knowledge of clinical ophthalmology among medical interns in Enugu, Nigeria, to the recommendations of the International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO). A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was conducted of Medical Interns attending the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital and Enugu State University Teaching Hospital, from April 2010 ...
Skandfer Morten - - 2012
We aimed to describe how work exposure and occupational health is assessed for mine workers in Murmansk Oblast, Russia. A descriptive study based on current practice, laws and available literature. The information and data were obtained from scientific publications, reports, regional and federal statistics, legal documents, through personal visits and ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 >