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Lande Yechezkel Y Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rabin Medical Center, Helen Schneider Hospital for Women , Petach-Tikva , Israel , - - 2014
Abstract Worldwide, IVF is often discontinued before a live birth is achieved due to high costs. Even when partial financial coverage is provided, often medical providers advise treatment discontinuation. In Israel, unlimited IVF is offered free of charge for a couples' first two children. Our objective was to assess the ...
Patel Mitesh S - - 2014
Low-value services, such as prescribing brand-name medications that have existing generic equivalents, contribute to unnecessary health care spending. To evaluate the association of an intervention by using the electronic health record with provider prescription of generic-equivalent medications. Quasi-experimental study. General internal medicine (IM) (n = 2) and family medicine (FM) (n = ...
Peitzman Steven J SJ Dr. Peitzman was, at the time of this study, senior medical advisor, Clinical Skills Evaluation Collaboration, a group comprising National Board of Medical Examiners and Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates staff. He is currently professor of medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Cuddy is measurement scientist, National Board of Medical Examiners, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To provide descriptive information about history-taking (HX) and physical examination (PE) performance for U.S. medical students as documented by standardized patients (SPs) during the Step 2 Clinical Skills (CS) component of the United States Medical Licensing Examination. The authors examined two hypotheses: (1) Students perform worse in PE compared with ...
Bacchi Stephen S University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to review studies published in English between 1 January 2000 and 16 June 2014, in peer-reviewed journals, that have assessed the prevalence of depression, comparing medical students and non-medical students with a single evaluation method. The databases PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Scopus were ...
Cottney Alan A East London National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
In the present study, we aimed to identify the incidence, type, and potential clinical consequence of medication-administration errors made in a mental health hospital, and to investigate factors that might increase the risk of error. A prospective, direct observational technique was used to collect data from nurse medication rounds on ...
Isles Alan F AF Respiratory Medicine, Royal Children's Hospital, Brisbane, Australia; University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, Brisbane, - - 2014
The emergence of paediatrics as a specialty in Australian medicine dates from the last two decades of the 19th century. Among the pioneers of pre-Federation paediatrics, we include Dr Henry Edward Brown (1858-1931), an Irish-born physician and surgeon who became the first paediatrician to practise in the northern half of ...
McCOMAS Jeffery J Author Affiliations: Scripps Memorial Hospital, La Jolla (Mr McComas); and School of Nursing, Point Loma Nazarene University, San Diego (Dr Riingen), CA; and St David's School of Nursing, Texas State University, Round Rock (Dr Kim). This study was performed as part of the MSN degree requirements at School of Nursing, Point Loma Nazarene University, San Diego, - - 2014
The study aims were to evaluate the impact of electronic medication administration record implementation on medication administration efficiency and occurrence of medication errors as well as to identify the predictors of medication administration efficiency in an acute care setting. A prospective, observational study utilizing time-and-motion technique was conducted before and ...
Greifner Gabriel G *Glaucoma Center, Montchoisi Clinic ‡Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland †Glaucoma Service, Department of Ophthalmology, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem, - - 2014
To evaluate the efficacy of CO2 laser-assisted sclerectomy surgery (CLASS) compared with classic nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy (NPDS) with implant in medically uncontrolled glaucoma patients. Patients who underwent primary filtration surgery with CO2 laser system at the time interval between July 2010 and April 2011 were identified, their medical files were ...
Martinez Iveris L IL Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: There has been a recent movement towards social accountability in medical schools, which includes integrating the social, economic, and cultural determinants of health into the curriculum. Medical schools and their guiding bodies have met this challenge of educating future physicians to provide effective care to diverse populations with ...
Nussbaum Abraham M AM Denver Health and Hospital Authority, CO, and the University of Colorado School of Medicine Department of Psychiatry , CO - - 2014
Abstract Background: Marijuana use is associated with anxiety, depressive, psychotic, neurocognitive, and substance use disorders. Many US states are legalizing marijuana for medical uses. Objective: To determine the prevalence of medical marijuana use and diversion among psychiatric inpatients in Colorado. Methods: Some 623 participants (54.6% male) responded to an anonymous ...
Kerr Mike M Institute of Psychiatric Medicine & Clinical Neurosciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United - - 2014
This White Paper builds on the publication of the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) and International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE) report "Listening for a change-medical and social needs of people with intellectual disability who have epilepsy" (Listening for a change the medical and social needs of people with epilepsy and ...
DiGiovanni Benedict F BF Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Box 665, Rochester, NY 14642. E-mail address for B.F. DiGiovanni: - - 2014
Despite the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, the degree to which medical schools are providing students with the knowledge and confidence to treat these problems is unclear. This study evaluated the factors that impact musculoskeletal knowledge and clinical confidence among fourth-year medical students. Over a three-year period, 253 fourth-year medical students ...
Czernichow Sébastien S INSERM UMS 011, Villejuif, France, - - 2014
Bariatric surgery (BS) procedures are increasing but few studies have investigated their influence on medical management and costs in France. The "Echantillon Généraliste des Beneficiaires" (EGB) is a 1/97 representative sample (n = 520,000 in 2011) of a national claims database covering about 80 % of the population. Adult patients treated for the ...
Singh Sukhbir Sony SS Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, The Ottawa Hospital/University of - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This review provides an overview of therapeutic options, with a specific focus on the emerging role of medical options for UF management. Research Design and Methods: PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Systematic Reviews were searched for articles published between 1980 and 2013. Relevant articles were identified using the ...
Peterson Josh F JF Department of Biomedical Informatics, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee; Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, - - 2014
To develop and evaluate an electronic tool to assist clinical pharmacists with reviewing potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) in hospitalized elderly adults. Pilot intervention. Academic tertiary care hospital. Hospitalized adults aged 65 and older admitted to the general medicine, orthopedics, and urology services during a 3-week period in 2011 who were ...
Beebe Lora Humphrey LH University of Tennessee, College of Nursing, Knoxville, - - 2014
Introduction. Although an extensive body of literature suggests that face-to-face problem-solving interventions are an effective means of fostering psychiatric medication adherence for persons with SSDs, the majority of outpatients with SSDs lack access to this proven intervention. There is a need for exploration of alternate delivery methods for problem solving. ...
Druckman Myles M From International SOS (Drs Druckman, Liu, and Quigley), Trevose, Pa.; and Community, Environment, and Policy Division (Dr Harber), Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, - - 2014
To identify factors affecting the likelihood of requiring medical services during international business trips. Data from more than 800,000 international trips and medical assistance cases provided to 48 multinational corporations in 2009. Travel destination countries were grouped into four a priori risk-related categories. Travel to "low" medical risk countries in ...
Greenall Julie J ISMP Canada, Toronto, - - 2014
In 2012, the Institute for Safe Medication Practices (ISMP) and the Institute for Safe Medication Practices Canada (ISMP Canada) collaborated with an international panel of oncology practitioners to develop the ISMP International Medication Safety Self Assessment® for Oncology. This self-assessment was designed to assist oncology practitioners in hospitals, ambulatory care ...
- - 2014
People with schizophrenia may be more likely to adhere to antipsychotic medication if they receive peer support, suggests a study by nurse researchers in Australia.
Koster Ellen S ES Utrecht Pharmacy Practice network for Education and Research (UPPER), Utrecht Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Division Pharmacoepidemiology and Clinical Pharmacology, Utrecht University, The - - 2014
Abstract Studies measuring inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) adherence frequently report adherence rates below 50%. Although asthma is common in adolescents, few studies have explored determinants of ICS adherence in adolescents. The objective of this study was to examine adherence and related factors in adolescent inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) users. Adolescent ICS users, ...
Jin Pingyue - - 2014
The charter of medical professionalism in the new millennium (Charter) has been endorsed worldwide, including by the Chinese Medical Doctor Association from 2005. Six years later, the association drafted a Chinese version of medical professionalism based on the Charter, the Chinese Medical Doctor Declaration (Declaration). This Declaration encompasses six tenets, ...
Abramowitz Sharon S University of Florida, Department of Anthropology. - - 2014
In recent years, anthropologists have become increasingly present in medical humanitarian situations as scholars, consultants, and humanitarian practitioners and have acquired insight into medical humanitarian policy and practice. In 2012, we implemented a poll on anthropology, health, and humanitarian practice in which 75 anthropologists discussed their experiences in medical humanitarianism. ...
Evans Roger R Nursing - - 2014
This medical dictionary database of more than 39,000 entries covers brand names as well as the generic equivalents of common medications.
Klesges Robert C RC From the Departments of Epidemiology and Cancer Control The Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center - - 2014
The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the efficacy of two evidence-based tobacco quitlines in adult survivors of childhood cancer who regularly smoke cigarettes. A total of 519 adult survivors of childhood cancer were randomized to either Proactive+4 weeks of medication (Counselor initiated intervention, n = 260) or ...
Walsh Kathleen E KE Cincinnati Children's Hospital, Cincinnati, OH; The Meyers Primary Care Institute; University of Massachusetts; Reliant Medical Group, Worcester; Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston; Kindred Healthcare, North Andover, MA; and InterVision Media, Eugene, OR - - 2014
Errors in the use of medications at home by children with cancer are common, and interventions to support correct use are needed. We sought to (1) engage stakeholders in the design and development of an intervention to prevent errors in home medication use, and (2) evaluate the acceptability and usefulness ...
Bejan Cosmin Adrian CA Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, - - 2014
To evaluate the contribution of the MEDication Indication (MEDI) resource and SemRep for identifying treatment relations in clinical text. We first processed clinical documents with SemRep to extract the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) concepts and the treatment relations between them. Then, we incorporated MEDI into a simple algorithm that ...
Wagner Daniel J DJ 1 Faculty of Medicine, University of Calgary , Calgary, Alberta, Canada - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Little is known about the pattern of service receipt and outcomes from clinics implementing best practice guidelines in child mental health. This study aimed to determine these variables for a clinic that implemented an attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatment guideline proposed by the Children's Medication Algorithm Project (CMAP). Methods: ...
Poetker David M DM Division of Otolaryngology, Department of Surgery, Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Antibiotics are commonly used in the management of both acute rhinosinusitis and acute exacerbations of chronic rhinosinusitis. With their common use, they have become the leading medication for litigation. It is crucial for the provider to be familiar with potential complications and the medico-legal ramifications of their use. The objectives ...
Chuang Chien-Chia CC Evidera, 430 Bedford Street, Suite 300, Lexington, MA, USA - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess patient characteristics, treatment patterns, and healthcare resource utilization (HRU)/costs of individuals treated for neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) in the United States (US). Methods: Using a US administrative claims database, we identified commercially-insured adults newly diagnosed with carcinoid tumors (ICD-9-CM: 209.xx) or pancreatic islet cell tumors (ICD-9-CM: 157.4 ...
O'Connor Patrick J PJ HealthPartners Institute for Education and Research, Minneapolis, MN - - 2014
Medication nonadherence is a major obstacle to better control of glucose, blood pressure (BP), and LDL cholesterol in adults with diabetes. Inexpensive effective strategies to increase medication adherence are needed. In a pragmatic randomized trial, we randomly assigned 2,378 adults with diabetes mellitus who had recently been prescribed a new ...
ALBashtawy Mohammed M Faculty of Nursing, Community Health Nursing, Al al-Bayt University, Al-Mafraq, Jordan - - 2014
Self-medication, usually with over-the-counter (OTC) medication, is reported as a community health problem that affects many people worldwide. Most self-medication practice usually begins with the onset of adolescence. A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Mafraq Governorate, Jordan, using a simple random sampling method to select 6 public schools from ...
Armor Becky L BL Department of Pharmacy: Clinical and Administrative Sciences, University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy, Oklahoma City, OK, USA - - 2014
Approximately two-thirds of adverse events posthospital discharge are due to medication-related problems. Medication reconciliation is a strategy to reduce medication errors and improve patient safety. Objective: To evaluate adverse drug events (ADEs), potential ADEs (pADEs), and medication discrepancies occurring between hospital discharge and primary care follow-up in an academic family ...
Kelly Michael S MS School of Pharmacy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, - - 2014
To evaluate the concordance of the Modified Morisky Scale (MMS) with a pharmacist assessment of medication adherence during a medication review. This retrospective study examined the electronic medical records (EMRs) of patients ≥18 years who received a medication review by a pharmacist from October 2008 to September 2009 at a ...
Aitken Maia R MR Department of Clinical Studies, New Bolton Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine, Kennett Square, - - 2014
To evaluate short- and long-term outcome after medical and surgical management of horses with cecal impaction and to determine reasons for death or euthanasia. Retrospective case series. Horses (n = 150). Data collected from medical records (1991-2011) of horses with a diagnosis of cecal impaction, included signalment, history of recent disease/surgical procedure, ...
Krousel-Wood Marie M aDepartment of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine bCenter for Health Research, Ochsner Clinic Foundation cDepartment of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine dDepartment of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine eOffice of Medical Education, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana (work done while at the Center for Health Research, Ochsner Clinic Foundation) fDepartment of Community Health Sciences, UCLA Fielding School of Public Health, Los Angeles, California gDepartment of Cardiology-Hypertension Section, Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, Louisiana hDepartment of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
Pharmacy refill adherence assesses the medication-filling behaviors, whereas self-report adherence assesses the medication-taking behaviors. We contrasted the association of pharmacy refill and self-reported antihypertensive medication adherence with blood pressure (BP) control and cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence. Adults (n = 2075) from the prospective Cohort Study of Medication Adherence among Older Adults recruited ...
Hoeh Helmut H *Eye Hospital at the Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Klinikum, Neubrandenburg †Teaching Hospital of the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt, University Greifswald, Greifswald ¶Eye Clinic, Cham, Germany ‡Vold Vision, Fayetteville, AK §Department of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada ∥Institut Catala de Retina, Universidad Internacional de Cataluña, Barcelona, Spain #Department of Ophthalmology, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA **Department of Ophthalmology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA ††Ophthalmic Consultants of Boston, Boston, - - 2014
To evaluate safety and clinical outcomes of a novel supraciliary device, the CyPass Micro-Stent, for surgical treatment of open-angle glaucoma when implanted in conjunction with cataract surgery. Subjects (n=142) with open-angle glaucoma and cataract underwent combined phacoemulsification, with intraocular lens insertion, and microstent implantation into the supraciliary space of study ...
Woo David D Sydney Eye Hospital, NSW, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of current intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering medications on the efficacy of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT). Retrospective chart review of records from an urban glaucoma clinic in Sydney, Australia. Patients who received their first SLT between 2002 and 2005 were studied (Grouped from 0 to 3 according ...
Reeve Emily E Division of Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia. - - 2014
Deprescribing is the process of trial withdrawal of inappropriate medications. Currently, the strongest evidence for benefit of deprescribing is from cohort and observational studies of withdrawal of specific medication classes that have shown better patient outcomes, mainly through resolution of adverse drug reactions. Additional potential benefits of deprescribing include reduced ...
Kalisch Ellett Lisa M LM Quality Use of Medicines and Pharmacy Research Centre, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
To identify the association between use of multiple anticholinergic medications and risk of hospitalization for confusion or dementia. Retrospective cohort study conducted over 2 years between July 2010 and June 2012, using administrative claims data from the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs. Australia. Australian veterans dispensed at least one moderately or ...
Engle William D WD Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Dallas, TX 75390-9063. Electronic address: - - 2014
Although the modern era of transcutaneous bilirubin monitoring (TcB) began only about 35 years ago, this screening tool is now widely used in newborn nurseries and outpatient clinics, offices, and emergency departments to obtain a rapid and non-invasive estimate of the degree of hyperbilirubinemia. TcB devices have become more sophisticated, ...
Hope Valerie V Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, - - 2014
North American medical students are more depressed and anxious than their peers. In the UK, the regulator now has responsibility for medical students, which may potentially increase scrutiny of their health. This may either help or hinder medical students in accessing appropriate care. The prevalences of anxiety, depression and psychological ...
Rutkowski David D University Hospital of South Manchester, Wythenshawe, Manchester, - - 2014
Reducing prescribing errors is key to ensuring patient safety. Foundation-year doctors (FYs) have been found to be major contributors to prescribing errors, and often feel poorly prepared for prescribing by their undergraduate education. Numerous studies have reported these findings; however, few studies have introduced meaningful interventions. A questionnaire was sent ...
- - 2014
ALTHOUGH THE stated purpose of this book is to explain evidence-based practice to all healthcare professionals, it appears to be intended for medical staff only.
Nakashima Ryoichi R Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Society, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-Ku, Tokyo, 113-0033, Japan, - - 2014
How does domain-specific knowledge influence the experts' performance in their domain of expertise? Specifically, can visual search experts find, with uniform efficiency, any type of target in their domain of expertise? We examined whether acquired knowledge of target importance influences an expert's visual search performance. In some professional searches (e.g., ...
Pollack Allan A Family Medicine Research Centre, University of Sydney, New South - - 2014
There has been both medical and lay interest in the association of gluten with gastrointestinal conditions.
Miller Andrew C - - 2014
How one defines death may vary. It is important for clinicians to recognize those aspects of a patient's religious beliefs that may directly influence medical care and how such practices may interface with local laws governing the determination of death. Debate continues about the validity and certainty of brain death ...
Aftyka Anna A Department of Nursing Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Medical University of Lublin, Lublin, - - 2014
To compare interventions of medical emergency teams in urban and rural areas with particular emphasis on response time and on-site medical rescue activities. A retrospective analysis of ambulance call reports from two emergency medical service substations: one in the city and the other in a rural area. Two emergency medical ...
Schabort Inge I Associate Professor of Family Medicine and IMG Coordinator at McMaster University in Hamilton, - - 2014
To determine predictors of international medical graduate (IMG) success in accordance with the priorities highlighted by the Thomson and Cohl judicial report on IMG selection. Retrospective assessment using regression analyses to compare the information available at the time of resident selection with those trainees' national certification examination outcomes. McMaster University ...
Kotz Daniel D Department of Family Medicine, CAPHRI School for Public Health and Primary Care, Maastricht University Medical Centre, Maastricht, The Netherlands; Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, University College London, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the "real-world" effectiveness of commonly used aids to smoking cessation in England by using longitudinal data. We conducted a prospective cohort study in 1560 adult smokers who participated in an English national household survey in the period from November 2006 to March 2012, responded to a 6-month follow-up ...
Azer S A SA Professor of Medical Education, Chair of Curriculum and Research Unit, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
One of the key priorities of a scholarly teacher is to demonstrate the ability to contribute to the advancement of knowledge, and transformation of new knowledge into applications that can be of value to the profession and the teaching/learning community. However, successful contribution to a scholarly activity such as publication ...
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