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McGrady Meghan E ME Center for the Promotion of Treatment Adherence and Self-Management, Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an increasingly utilized treatment option for adolescents with many life-threatening diagnoses. Suboptimal adherence may result in compromised treatment effectiveness and increased risk of adverse medical outcomes. This study examined adherence patterns in six adolescents (ages 12-18) who had undergone HSCT. Demographic and clinical information ...
Jaklic Alenka - - 2013
Objective: Mycophenolic acid (MPA) exposure is associated with clinical outcomes in hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. Various drug interaction studies, predominantly in healthy volunteers or solid organ transplant recipients, have identified medications which impact MPA pharmacokinetics. Recipients of nonmyeloablative HCT, however, have an increased burden of comorbidities, potentially increasing the ...
Arriola-Villalobos Pedro - - 2013
AIMS: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy and safety of the GTS-400-iStent combined with phacoemulsification in patients with cataract and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). METHODS: Prospective, non-comparative, uncontrolled, interventional case series study. Subjects underwent phacoemulsification and two GTS-400 implantation. Efficacy outcomes: intraocular pressure (IOP) and antiglaucoma medications. Safety ...
Glauche Ingmar - - 2013
Here we report highlights of discussions and results presented at an International Workshop on Concepts and Models of Stem Cell Organization held on July 16th and 17th, 2012 in Dresden, Germany. The goal of the workshop was to undertake a systematic survey of state-of-the-art methods and results of clonality studies ...
Cheung Ka-Chun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In the Netherlands, a Central Medication Incidents Registration (CMR) system is operational. To prevent recurrence of reported medication incidents the CMR sends medication incident alerts with recommendations. It is up to the healthcare workers whether or not to implement the recommendations in clinical practice, which may lead to variations ...
Sisiopiku Virginia P - - 2012
Traffic crashes and other emergencies have impacts on traffic operations in transportation networks, often resulting in non-recurring congestion. Congestion, in turn, may impede the ability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to provide timely response to those in need of medical attention. The work in this paper investigated the impact of ...
Hafner John William - - 2012
Abstract Background. Medical transport using helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) has rapidly proliferated over the past decade. Because of issues of cost and safety, appropriate utilization is of increasing concern. Objective. This study sought to describe the medical appropriateness of HEMS transports, using established guidelines, in a large national patient ...
Ito Keiichiro - - 2012
Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is widely used as a first lifesaving step for patients suffering from internal bleeding. Because it may take a long time to transport such patients to a hospital, a wearable and portable tele-echography robot that a paramedic can attach to the patient has ...
Kundra Priya - - 2012
Drug-induced thyroid disorders are common in clinical practice. It is important to recognize the various drugs contributing to thyroid dysfunction for a timely intervention to help achieve a euthyroid state. The pathways of thyroid hormone synthesis, secretion, transport, metabolism, and absorption offer numerous targets for medication interactions. This article discusses some ...
Philo Chris - - 2012
Asylums and cemeteries in nineteenth-century England were kindred spirits in the anxiety and exclusionary impulses that they engendered, leading them to be similarly exiled from nineteenth-century urban areas. They were uneasy 'neighbours', however, with contemporary authorities condemning the proximity of cemeteries to asylums on medical and moral grounds. The appearance ...
Kyle Elizabeth - - 2012
We examined the utility of telehealth in assisting the decision-making processes of aeromedical coordinators, with particular focus on the timing, destination, mode of transport and escort level. Medical coordinators from the Northern Operations site of the Queensland emergency retrieval service were asked to complete a survey form about the changes ...
Marmura Michael J - - 2012
Dopamine antagonists are indicated for treatment of nausea or psychosis and have an established role in the treatment of migraine. Neuroleptics, including antipsychotics, act as antagonists at the dopamine D2 receptor type. These medications also have variable activity as antihistamines and anticholinergics, and they block alpha-adrenergic and some serotonin receptor ...
Kim H J - - 2012
SUMMARYWe conducted an epidemic investigation to discover the route of transmission and the host factors of an outbreak of post-injection abscesses. Of the 2984 patients who visited a single clinic, 77 cases were identified and 208 age- and sex-matched controls were selected for analysis. Injected medications per se were not ...
Burkert Manuel G - - 2012
In 2011, a Mercedes Benz (MB) conducted the F-Cell World Drive tour around the globe in 125 days. While crossing Asia from SHANGHAI (CHINA) to HELSINKI (FINLAND) by car, en route medical care was provided by embedded emergency physicians. The designated route crossed four different countries, multiple climate zones, and ...
Kobayashi Eiji - - 2012
To improve the welfare of experimental animals, investigators seek to respect the 3R principle (Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement). Even when large animal studies are essential before moving to clinical trials, it is important to look for ways to reduce the number of experimental animals used. At the Center for the ...
Bui Thomas - - 2011
The widening gap between the demand for palliative care services and the supply of trained palliative care professionals has resulted in considerable end-of-life distress for patients. Without formal training in palliative medicine and end-of-life symptom management, physicians in the United States are less equipped to competently address seriously ill and ...
Nascimento Adelaide - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to understand the way in which medical physicists take into account treatment effectiveness and safety when selecting a treatment plan, with respect to the medical prescription and the technical, human and organizational resources available. Data-gathering was based on the allo-confrontation method: 14 medical physicists ...
Wolff Jacob F de - - 2011
Registrars in the medical specialties who are dually accrediting in both their specialty and general internal medicine commonly run acute medical takes as part of their training.
Landry Michel - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 1121-1129 Context  The global shortage of doctors is of concern. This is particularly true in French-speaking regions of New Brunswick, Canada, where there is no medical school. Since 1981, francophone medical students from New Brunswick have been able to undertake part of their training in their ...
Barillo David J - - 2011
High-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) has been used for the management of patients with smoke inhalation injury for more than 20 years and is considered a standard of care at many burn centers. Because the ventilator is powered by air and oxygen rather than electricity, prehospital use has been limited by ...
Kamaka Martina L - - 2011
Culturally competent health care providers are needed to eliminate healthcare disparities. In the State of Hawai'i, Native Hawaiians suffer some of the worst health disparities. Prior to implementing a cultural competency curriculum to address these disparities, the John A. Burns School of Medicine's Department of Native Hawaiian Health Cultural Competency ...
Reed Michael - - 2011
Purpose A "tech-check-tech" (TCT) program to support unit dose drug distribution at an academic medical center is described. Summary In April 2004, the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics implemented a TCT program to provide validated pharmacy technicians with the opportunity to serve as the person checking unit dose medication ...
Bond Alyson J - - 2011
Introduction and Aims. To establish if slow-release oral morphine (SROM) is an acceptable maintenance medication in heroin users currently being prescribed injectable diamorphine, who are intolerant to supplementary methadone. Design and Methods. Case note review of interviews and medication details before and after change in medication in 12 treatment-resistant chronic ...
Schmeling Andreas - - 2011
In Germany, the external post-mortem examination is considered a medical duty and may be performed by any licensed physician. Concerning legal medicine as a curricular subject in teaching medical students, the external post-mortem examination is regarded a core area. At the University of Müenster, 15 virtual cases of death have ...
Sharma Sumeet - - 2011
BackgroundTemporary cardiac pacing although is an essential requirement for core medical training (CMT) in UK, there are no defined training measures and guidelines available as to who should perform this.MethodsWe conducted an anonymous survey of 300 non-cardiology medical registrars regarding their individual ability, experience and training received in temporary pacing ...
Smith K C - - 2011
Now that several formulations of botulinum toxin type-A (BoNT-A) are on the market in North America and throughout the world, it is of great practical importance for those who administer these medications to be familiar with the differences between the formulations. These differences pertain to the stability of the medications, ...
Malat Jan - - 2011
Prescribing medications to patients with cooccurring psychiatric and substance use disorders often evokes distressing emotional responses from both clinician and patient that affect the delivery of appropriate pharmacological treatment. One important polarization revolves around the clinician under-prescribing to avoid feeling like he or she is overmedicating the patient versus over-prescribing ...
Aydogdu S - - 2011
Search and rescue (SAR) is a component of emergency and disaster response. SAR teams are limited in number; thus, collecting information on their characteristics may facilitate the establishment of mutual agreement protocols between countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the Turkish Civil Defense SAR ...
Kranz Dirk - - 2011
The present study examined how young men cope with balding (androgenetic alopecia). The sample consisted of 160 university students (18-30 years) with varying degrees of hair loss (stages II-VII on the Norwood-Hamilton Scale). Three ways of coping were distinguished: compensation, avoidance, and acceptance. Psychological distress due to hair loss depended ...
Avadanei C - - 2011
The knowledge of practitioners on justification of the individual medical exposure was assessed during education and training programmes. A survey containing questions on this issue was used. The results show that the Good Practice Guide should be disseminated and studied by radiation protection training programmes and such kind of training ...
Hamilton-Fairley Diana - - 2011
Over the years many concerns have been raised about the context and content of postgraduate medical education and the preparation of junior doctors for their future roles as consultants or GPs. In response there have been many changes to training both at national and at local level. Since 2005 the ...
Hampton Jeremy P - - 2011
Purpose The pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, safety, and dosing of medications used during the pretreatment and paralysis with induction steps of rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) and the role of the pharmacist in RSI are reviewed. Summary RSI is a process involving the administration of a sedative induction agent and a paralytic agent to ...
Harcke H Theodore - - 2011
Post-mortem preautopsy multidetector computed tomography was used to assess the placement of tibial intraosseous infusion needles in 52 cases of battlefield trauma deaths for which medical intervention included the use of the technique. In 58 (95%) of 61 needles, the tip was positioned in medullary bone. All 3 (5%) unsuccessful ...
Blomquist Preston H - - 2011
Systemic medications can have adverse effects on the eyes that range from dry eye syndrome, keratitis and cataract to blinding complications of toxic retinopathy and optic neuropathy. This review focuses on major drugs with common ocular side effects and highlights more recently recognized associations with systemic medications. Recommendations for ocular ...
Tamler Ronald - - 2011
To determine whether an educational intervention for medical house staff improves blood glucose (BG) in hospitalized patients. All 116 medicine residents at an academic medical center were assigned to online or classroom training on inpatient dysglycemia in fall 2008. Both groups were offered an online refresher course in spring 2009 ...
Zimmerman Sheryl - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To compare rates of medication errors committed by assisted living staff with different training and to examine characteristics of errors. DESIGN: Observation of medication preparation and passes, chart review, interviews, and questionnaires. SETTING: Stratified random sample of 11 assisted living communities in South Carolina (which permits nonnurses to administer ...
Wilson Yushan L - - 2011
Temporary injectable fillers have become so widely accepted within the cosmetic medical industry that permanent fillers with longer lasting effects are fast gaining popularity. Both patients and physicians alike have eagerly sought a product to minimize the inconvenience and cost of repeated injections. However, the fear is that the use ...
Bradfield Owen - - 2011
Medical administration is a recognised medical specialty in Australia. Historically, medical administrators have rarely been subjected to litigation or disciplinary hearings relating specifically to their administrative functions. However, the legal landscape for medical administrators in Australia appears to be shifting. In 2009, the Queensland Health Practitioners Tribunal heard two separate ...
Liang Raymond Hs - - 2011
The Hong Kong Academy of Medicine, established in 1993, is the only statutory body in Hong Kong to train, assess and accredit medical and dental specialists. According to the law in Hong Kong, a doctor or dentist who wishes to have his name included in the Specialist Register of Medical ...
Torres K - - 2011
Rapid prototyping has become an innovative method of fast and cost-effective production of three-dimensional models for manufacturing. Wide access to advanced medical imaging methods allows application of this technique for medical training purposes. This paper presents the feasibility of rapid prototyping technologies: stereolithography, selective laser sintering, fused deposition modelling, and ...
Berland-Benhaïm C - - 2011
Misuse of medications can have major consequences for the consumer or patient's health. In the case of a drug delivered only on medical prescription, the misuse usually results from an error or negligence on the part of the prescribing doctor and/or the pharmacist dispensing the medication. But whereas, under French ...
Hills Laura - - 2011
Medical practice employees are likely to use computers for at least some of their work. Some sit several hours each day at computer workstations. Therefore, it is important that members of your medical practice team develop good computer work habits and that they know how to align equipment, furniture, and ...
Alberti George - - 2011
During the 1980s and 1990s general medicine was progressively displaced by medical specialties as the major focus of a consultant physician's career. Fewer and fewer people were appointed as 'general physicians with a specialist interest', which had been the norm prior to this. Specialists whose main focus was their 'ology' ...
- - 2010
Whole mount in situ hybridization of RA-exposed (B) and control (A) embryos, showing a diminution in FGF10 in the otocyst (demarcated by arrows) of the RA-exposed embryo in comparison to the control embryo. See article by Frenz et al. in this issue.
Kangas Beth - - 2010
The international medical travel of Yemenis provides insight on terminology and models to use for the growing global phenomenon. Terminology for medical travelers ranges from "medical tourists" to "medical exiles." Differing models prioritize the global arena in which transnational medical travel occurs as (1) a global medical marketplace, (2) a ...
McIntosh Scott E - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The medical problems of the incarcerated population often require emergent transport to medical facilities via air or ground. The transport of this population, however, can be logistically challenging because of the potentially dangerous nature of the patients and requirements for accompanying security personnel. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was ...
Ye Dongdong - - 2010
Researchers have developed a new type of medical micropump for an endoscopic robot, which is driven by a linear actuator based on a direct current (DC) motor. This micropump consists of two active one-way valves and a cylindrical air drum. The overall size of the pump prototype is 12.5 mm ...
Cornelius Brian G - - 2010
Air medical transport of high-risk obstetric and postpartum patients accounts for a low number of flights nationwide. Although reflecting a low percentage, they pose potential for increased challenge because of high acuity and increased liability. High-risk obstetrical flight crew education is typically focused on care of the gestational mother and ...
Simpson G - - 2010
Conventional teaching on the mechanisms and treatment of spontaneous pneumothorax is either obviously wrong or based on a misunderstanding of the natural history of the condition. Spontaneous pneumothorax is a generally benign, self-limiting condition where conservative management should be considered. If intervention is needed, medical thoracoscopy might be the procedure ...
Shultz Jonas - - 2010
PURPOSE: In Calgary, each of the three acute-care adult hospitals had different anesthetic medication carts with their own type and layout of anesthetic medications. A number of anesthesiologists moved among the different sites, increasing the potential for medication errors. The objective of this study was to identify the anesthetic medications ...
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