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Perrin A J AJ Research Track Residency, Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, - - 2014
Many veterinary medications can be lethal in human overdose. This review aims to educate practicing veterinarians about the most common medications used by humans in intentional overdose. Strategies to mitigate the risk posed by these medications are discussed, and the risk factors that predispose a person to suicide are reviewed. ...
Waddington Keir - - 2014
Drawing on multiple literatures from history, geography, anthropology, sociology and literature, this essay asks questions about what we mean by region and why narratives of region should matter to the medical humanities. The essay surveys how region can be used as a lens of analysis, exploring the various academic approaches ...
Davis Dona Lee DL Department of Anthropology, University of South Dakota. - - 2014
Pink t-shirts that proclaim "My horse is my therapist" are for sale in a wide variety of horse-sport catalogues. Literature on the healing power of human-nonhuman animal encounters and the practice of a variety of animal-assisted therapy programs, such as hippotherapy and equine-facilitated therapy, show dramatic growth over the last ...
Dobish Roxanne R Department of Cancer Services Pharmacy, Alberta Health Services, Canada - - 2014
Following a review of a chemotherapy medication adverse event where the incorrect medication was prepared by a pharmacy, a number of steps were taken to review the literature and best practice information related to checking processes for the preparation of parenteral chemotherapy. Concepts such as identification of critical stop check ...
- - 2014
'Medical science has made such tremendous progress that there is hardly a healthy human left.' Aldous Huxley.
Erwin Cheryl J CJ Center of Excellence for Ethics, Humanities & Spirituality, Texas Tech University Health Science Center School of Medicine, 3601 4th St, Lubbock, TX, 79430, USA, - - 2014
Education in the medical humanities and ethics is an integral part of the formation of future physicians. This article reports on an innovative approach to incorporating the medical humanities and ethics into the four-year curriculum in a Certificate Program spanning all four years of the medical school experience. The faculty ...
Levitin Dmitri D Trinity College, Cambridge CB2 1TQ, - - 2014
This article examines an important new manuscript discovery: a set of lectures delivered at the Society of Apothecaries in 1634 by four members of the Society. No evidence of the intellectual and methodological assumptions of the apothecaries in this period has previously been known; the article contextualizes the lectures, and ...
Hoff Gary G From the Department of Behavioral Medicine, Medical Humanities and Bioethics at the Des Moines University College of Osteopathic >Medicine in Iowa - - 2014
Medicine stands at a crossroad. Disruptive physician behavior has increased, and patient satisfaction has decreased. A growing body of knowledge demonstrates that the medical humanities assist in the creation of compassionate, resilient physicians. Incorporating medical humanities into the medical school curriculum promotes the development of compassionate, culturally sensitive physicians, and ...
Kranzfelder Michael M Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany - - 2014
Purpose. To investigate why natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has not yet become widely accepted and to prove whether the main reason is still the lack of appropriate platforms due to the deficiency of applicable interfaces. Methods. To assess expectations of a suitable interface design, we performed a survey ...
McNiel Melinda M Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Texas Southwestern, and the University of Texas at Austin, School of Social Work, Austin, - - 2014
Health care providers play an important role in identifying victims of human trafficking and addressing their unique medical needs. In response to a recently published call to action in Obstetrics & Gynecology, an interdisciplinary medical home has been created in central Texas to serve as a model for delivery of ...
Mohan D - - 2014
The personality of Prof. Dr. Constantin Arseni (1912-1994) iswithout any doubt a key point in any discussion regarding thehistory of the Romanian School of Neurosurgery. Now at twodecades since the regretted passing-away of Prof. Arseni theauthors present several pieces of data regarding the earlybeginnings of neurosurgery in Romania and how ...
Brook Itzhak - - 2014
A medical officer's tasks during wartime are especially complex and difficult. This article describes the numerous challenges faced while serving as a battalion physician in the Israeli Army during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. I had to take care of the medical and psychological needs of the hundreds of soldiers ...
Ching Joan M - - 2014
Virginia Mason Medical Center (Seattle) employed the Lean concept of Jidoka (automation with a human touch) to plan for and deploy bar code medication administration (BCMA) to hospitalized patients. Integrating BCMA technology into the nursing work flow with minimal disruption was accomplished using three steps ofJidoka: (1) assigning work to ...
Kosuri Kalyan Chakravarthi KC Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomy, Mayo Institute of Medical Sciences , Faizabad Road, Gadia, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh, India - - 2014
The ligamentum longitudinale anterius is a broad and strong band of fibrous tissue that runs along the anterior surfaces of the bodies of the vertebrae. The study was undertaken to evaluate the incidence of ossified ligamentum longitudinale anterius in adult dry human vertebra. This study was carried out on 95 ...
Parry Charles D H CD Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Research Unit (ATODRU), South African Medical Research Council; Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2014
Inkatha Freedom Party MP Mario Oriani-Ambrosini's impassioned plea to legalise the medical use of cannabis must be understood in the context of his own condition as well as legislative changes in at least ten countries. This article argues that any decisions to shift policy must be based on a consideration ...
Crook Eleanor - - 2014
The Session looks at the contemporary role of the medical artist with strategies for the education of medical artists and medical students. The wider topic of medical art in forensics, research and literature is explored as a close look taken at European art and science courses and collaborations.
Jünger Jana J Representative of the GMA assessments commitee, Heidelberg, - - 2014
The practice of assessing student performance in human, dental and veterinary medicine at universities in German-speaking countries has undergone significant changes in the past decade. Turning the focus to practical requirements regarding medical practice during undergraduate study away from an often theory-dominated curriculum, the academic scrutiny of the basics of ...
Kaptein A A AA Medical Psychology, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, The - - 2014
Medical humanities is the interdisciplinary field of humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history, and religion), social science (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, and sociology), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts), and their application to medical education and practice. In this chapter, the concept of 'hysteria' is put into a ...
Saparova D D School of Information Science and Learning Technologies, University of Missouri , Columbia, MO, - - 2014
Federated medical search engines are health information systems that provide a single access point to different types of information. Their efficiency as clinical decision support tools has been demonstrated through numerous evaluations. Despite their rigor, very few of these studies report holistic evaluations of medical search engines and even fewer ...
McGrady Meghan E ME Center for the Promotion of Treatment Adherence and Self-Management, Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an increasingly utilized treatment option for adolescents with many life-threatening diagnoses. Suboptimal adherence may result in compromised treatment effectiveness and increased risk of adverse medical outcomes. This study examined adherence patterns in six adolescents (ages 12-18) who had undergone HSCT. Demographic and clinical information ...
Jaklič Alenka - - 2013
Mycophenolic acid (MPA) exposure is associated with clinical outcomes in hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) recipients. Various drug interaction studies, predominantly in healthy volunteers or solid organ transplant recipients, have identified medications which impact MPA pharmacokinetics. Recipients of nonmyeloablative HCT, however, have an increased burden of comorbidities, potentially increasing the number ...
Arriola-Villalobos Pedro - - 2013
AIMS: To evaluate the mid-term efficacy and safety of the GTS-400-iStent combined with phacoemulsification in patients with cataract and open-angle glaucoma (OAG) or ocular hypertension (OHT). METHODS: Prospective, non-comparative, uncontrolled, interventional case series study. Subjects underwent phacoemulsification and two GTS-400 implantation. Efficacy outcomes: intraocular pressure (IOP) and antiglaucoma medications. Safety ...
Glauche Ingmar - - 2013
Here we report highlights of discussions and results presented at an International Workshop on Concepts and Models of Stem Cell Organization held on July 16th and 17th, 2012 in Dresden, Germany. The goal of the workshop was to undertake a systematic survey of state-of-the-art methods and results of clonality studies ...
Cheung Ka-Chun - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In the Netherlands, a Central Medication Incidents Registration (CMR) system is operational. To prevent recurrence of reported medication incidents the CMR sends medication incident alerts with recommendations. It is up to the healthcare workers whether or not to implement the recommendations in clinical practice, which may lead to variations ...
Sisiopiku Virginia P - - 2012
Traffic crashes and other emergencies have impacts on traffic operations in transportation networks, often resulting in non-recurring congestion. Congestion, in turn, may impede the ability of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to provide timely response to those in need of medical attention. The work in this paper investigated the impact of ...
Hafner John William - - 2012
Abstract Background. Medical transport using helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) has rapidly proliferated over the past decade. Because of issues of cost and safety, appropriate utilization is of increasing concern. Objective. This study sought to describe the medical appropriateness of HEMS transports, using established guidelines, in a large national patient ...
Ito Keiichiro - - 2012
Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) is widely used as a first lifesaving step for patients suffering from internal bleeding. Because it may take a long time to transport such patients to a hospital, a wearable and portable tele-echography robot that a paramedic can attach to the patient has ...
Kundra Priya - - 2012
Drug-induced thyroid disorders are common in clinical practice. It is important to recognize the various drugs contributing to thyroid dysfunction for a timely intervention to help achieve a euthyroid state. The pathways of thyroid hormone synthesis, secretion, transport, metabolism, and absorption offer numerous targets for medication interactions. This article discusses some ...
Philo Chris - - 2012
Asylums and cemeteries in nineteenth-century England were kindred spirits in the anxiety and exclusionary impulses that they engendered, leading them to be similarly exiled from nineteenth-century urban areas. They were uneasy 'neighbours', however, with contemporary authorities condemning the proximity of cemeteries to asylums on medical and moral grounds. The appearance ...
Kyle Elizabeth - - 2012
We examined the utility of telehealth in assisting the decision-making processes of aeromedical coordinators, with particular focus on the timing, destination, mode of transport and escort level. Medical coordinators from the Northern Operations site of the Queensland emergency retrieval service were asked to complete a survey form about the changes ...
Marmura Michael J - - 2012
Dopamine antagonists are indicated for treatment of nausea or psychosis and have an established role in the treatment of migraine. Neuroleptics, including antipsychotics, act as antagonists at the dopamine D2 receptor type. These medications also have variable activity as antihistamines and anticholinergics, and they block alpha-adrenergic and some serotonin receptor ...
Kim H J - - 2012
SUMMARYWe conducted an epidemic investigation to discover the route of transmission and the host factors of an outbreak of post-injection abscesses. Of the 2984 patients who visited a single clinic, 77 cases were identified and 208 age- and sex-matched controls were selected for analysis. Injected medications per se were not ...
Burkert Manuel G - - 2012
In 2011, a Mercedes Benz (MB) conducted the F-Cell World Drive tour around the globe in 125 days. While crossing Asia from SHANGHAI (CHINA) to HELSINKI (FINLAND) by car, en route medical care was provided by embedded emergency physicians. The designated route crossed four different countries, multiple climate zones, and ...
Kobayashi Eiji - - 2012
To improve the welfare of experimental animals, investigators seek to respect the 3R principle (Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement). Even when large animal studies are essential before moving to clinical trials, it is important to look for ways to reduce the number of experimental animals used. At the Center for the ...
Bui Thomas - - 2011
The widening gap between the demand for palliative care services and the supply of trained palliative care professionals has resulted in considerable end-of-life distress for patients. Without formal training in palliative medicine and end-of-life symptom management, physicians in the United States are less equipped to competently address seriously ill and ...
Nascimento Adelaide - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to understand the way in which medical physicists take into account treatment effectiveness and safety when selecting a treatment plan, with respect to the medical prescription and the technical, human and organizational resources available. Data-gathering was based on the allo-confrontation method: 14 medical physicists ...
Wolff Jacob F de - - 2011
Registrars in the medical specialties who are dually accrediting in both their specialty and general internal medicine commonly run acute medical takes as part of their training.
Landry Michel - - 2011
Medical Education 2011: 45: 1121-1129 Context  The global shortage of doctors is of concern. This is particularly true in French-speaking regions of New Brunswick, Canada, where there is no medical school. Since 1981, francophone medical students from New Brunswick have been able to undertake part of their training in their ...
Barillo David J - - 2011
High-frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) has been used for the management of patients with smoke inhalation injury for more than 20 years and is considered a standard of care at many burn centers. Because the ventilator is powered by air and oxygen rather than electricity, prehospital use has been limited by ...
Kamaka Martina L - - 2011
Culturally competent health care providers are needed to eliminate healthcare disparities. In the State of Hawai'i, Native Hawaiians suffer some of the worst health disparities. Prior to implementing a cultural competency curriculum to address these disparities, the John A. Burns School of Medicine's Department of Native Hawaiian Health Cultural Competency ...
Reed Michael - - 2011
Purpose A "tech-check-tech" (TCT) program to support unit dose drug distribution at an academic medical center is described. Summary In April 2004, the University of Wisconsin Hospital and Clinics implemented a TCT program to provide validated pharmacy technicians with the opportunity to serve as the person checking unit dose medication ...
Bond Alyson J - - 2011
Introduction and Aims. To establish if slow-release oral morphine (SROM) is an acceptable maintenance medication in heroin users currently being prescribed injectable diamorphine, who are intolerant to supplementary methadone. Design and Methods. Case note review of interviews and medication details before and after change in medication in 12 treatment-resistant chronic ...
Schmeling Andreas - - 2011
In Germany, the external post-mortem examination is considered a medical duty and may be performed by any licensed physician. Concerning legal medicine as a curricular subject in teaching medical students, the external post-mortem examination is regarded a core area. At the University of Müenster, 15 virtual cases of death have ...
Sharma Sumeet - - 2011
BackgroundTemporary cardiac pacing although is an essential requirement for core medical training (CMT) in UK, there are no defined training measures and guidelines available as to who should perform this.MethodsWe conducted an anonymous survey of 300 non-cardiology medical registrars regarding their individual ability, experience and training received in temporary pacing ...
Smith K C - - 2011
Now that several formulations of botulinum toxin type-A (BoNT-A) are on the market in North America and throughout the world, it is of great practical importance for those who administer these medications to be familiar with the differences between the formulations. These differences pertain to the stability of the medications, ...
Malat Jan - - 2011
Prescribing medications to patients with cooccurring psychiatric and substance use disorders often evokes distressing emotional responses from both clinician and patient that affect the delivery of appropriate pharmacological treatment. One important polarization revolves around the clinician under-prescribing to avoid feeling like he or she is overmedicating the patient versus over-prescribing ...
Aydogdu S - - 2011
Search and rescue (SAR) is a component of emergency and disaster response. SAR teams are limited in number; thus, collecting information on their characteristics may facilitate the establishment of mutual agreement protocols between countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the Turkish Civil Defense SAR ...
Kranz Dirk - - 2011
The present study examined how young men cope with balding (androgenetic alopecia). The sample consisted of 160 university students (18-30 years) with varying degrees of hair loss (stages II-VII on the Norwood-Hamilton Scale). Three ways of coping were distinguished: compensation, avoidance, and acceptance. Psychological distress due to hair loss depended ...
Avadanei C - - 2011
The knowledge of practitioners on justification of the individual medical exposure was assessed during education and training programmes. A survey containing questions on this issue was used. The results show that the Good Practice Guide should be disseminated and studied by radiation protection training programmes and such kind of training ...
Hamilton-Fairley Diana - - 2011
Over the years many concerns have been raised about the context and content of postgraduate medical education and the preparation of junior doctors for their future roles as consultants or GPs. In response there have been many changes to training both at national and at local level. Since 2005 the ...
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