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Kourouthanassis Panos E PE Department of Informatics, Ionian University, 7 Tsirigoti Square, Corfu, 49100, Greece, - - 2015
This research explores the satisfaction gap between the expectations of medical doctors when using the Internet to search for health-related information, and the confirmations they receive following the use of specific information sources to meet their information needs. We executed a quantitative study on 303 medical doctors to capture their ...
Fleischmann Robert R Department of Neurology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, 10117, Berlin, Germany, - - 2014
Demographic changes require physicians to deliver needed services with fewer resources. Neurology as an interdisciplinary domain involves complex diagnostic procedures and time-consuming data handling. Tablet PCs might streamline clinical workflow through mobile access to patient data. This study examined the impact of tablets running an electronic medical record on ward ...
Tsigkos Stelios - - 2014
In the European Union, sponsors have the responsibility to demonstrate the ¿intention to diagnose, prevent or treat¿ a serious and rare condition before the Committee of Orphan Medicinal Products (COMP), for a medicinal product to meet the criteria for Orphan Designation. This requirement is commonly referred to as ¿medical plausibility¿ ...
Wan Xiang - - 2014
BackgroundIn a medical data set, data are commonly composed of a minority (positive or abnormal) group and a majority (negative or normal) group and the cost of misclassifying a minority sample as a majority sample is highly expensive. This is the so-called imbalanced classification problem. The traditional classification functions can ...
Glenn Tasha T ChronoRecord Association, Inc., Fullerton, CA, 92834, - - 2014
With the rapid and ubiquitous acceptance of new technologies, algorithms will be used to estimate new measures of mental state and behavior based on digital data. The algorithms will analyze data collected from sensors in smartphones and wearable technology, and data collected from Internet and smartphone usage and activities. In ...
Van Melle Elaine E Centre for Studies in Primary Care, Department of Family Medicine, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; CanMEDS Education Scientist, Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Education scholarship (ES) is integral to the transformation of medical education. Faculty members who engage in ES need encouragement and recognition of this work. Beginning with the definition of ES as 'an umbrella term which can encompass both research and innovation in health professions education', and which as such represents ...
Erickson Steven R SR University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, 428 Church St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1065. - - 2014
Research has demonstrated that variation in availability and utilization of health care resources exist on a range of scales, from regions of the United States, hospital referral regions, ZIP codes, and census tracts. Limited research using spatial analyses has found that variation in medication adherence exists across census tracts. Using ...
Tartas Malgorzata - - 2014
BackgroundSense of coherence is related to well-being, stress and life satisfaction among medical students and physicians. The purpose of the study was to investigate relation between sense of coherence during medical education and styles of success in the medical career.MethodsThe participants were first examined when they applied to medical school ...
Bifulco Paolo - - 2014
In many telemedicine applications, the correct use of medical device at the point of need is essential to provide an appropriate service. Some applications may require untrained people to interact with medical devices and patients: care delivery in transportation, military actions, home care and telemedicine training.Appropriate operation of medical device ...
Weinstein Debra F DF Dr. Weinstein is vice president for graduate medical education, Partners HealthCare System, and associate professor of medicine, Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Feedback is essential to clinical education, especially in the era of competencies, milestones, and entrustable professional activities. It is, however, an area where medical educators often fall short. Although educational leaders and faculty supervisors provide feedback in a variety of clinical settings, surveys show important gaps in medical student and ...
Morgan Matt M BMJ Onexamination, Cardiff, United - - 2014
Before we work out what constitutes an assessment's value for a given cost in medical education, we must first outline the steps necessary to create an assessment, and then assign a cost to each step. In this study we undertook the first phase of this process: we sought to work ...
Tucker W Steven WS *Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, University of Central Arkansas, Conway, Arkansas; and †Department of Kinesiology, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New - - 2014
To compare head and trunk acceleration during transport on 2 medical utility vehicles. Within subject. Controlled laboratory. Nineteen male volunteers (21.8 ± 1.4 years, 176.5 ± 5.5 cm, 90.3 ± 16.1 kg). Participants were secured to a spineboard and stretcher on the Husqvarna HUV 4421DXL ambulance (HUV) and modified John ...
Devaney Madonna M Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, - - 2014
The objective of our research was to compare the reported pharmacy sales of pseudoephedrine-based medication in state where the electronic recording of sales is mandatory, Queensland, with a state where recording is voluntary, Victoria. Unidentified, unit-record, pseudoephedrine-based medication transaction data (known as ProjectSTOP), for both states, were made available by ...
Stout Somava S *Cambridge Health Alliance and the Harvard Medical School Center for Primary Care, Somerville, MA †Portneuf Health Care Foundation, Pocatello, - - 2014
The transition of a primary care practice to a patient-centered medical home can be arduous. It requires time and resources from staff and leaders. Evidence to date suggests that not all medical homes are equally successful and that there is a substantial difference between the achievement of medical home recognition ...
Coleman Katie K *MacColl Center for Health Care Innovation, Group Health Research Institute †Qualis Health ‡NVB Consulting Inc., Seattle, WA §American Medical Association, Chicago, - - 2014
Despite widespread interest in supporting primary care transformation, few evidence-based strategies for technical assistance exist. The Safety Net Medical Home Initiative (SNMHI) sought to develop a replicable and sustainable model for Patient-centered Medical Home practice transformation. This paper describes the multimodal technical assistance approach used by the SNMHI and the ...
Hawkins C Matthew CM Department of Radiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: - - 2014
Social media microblogging has made major inroads in physician education and information exchange. The authors evaluated their early experience with Twitter "tweet chat" sessions as a medium to expand the reach and audience of a peer-reviewed radiology journal. The authors analyzed Twitter activity metadata tagged with the #JACR hashtag from ...
Guisado Lopez Ramón R Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Unidad de Gestión Clínica de Obstetrica y Ginecología del Hospital Universitario Reina Sofía de Córdoba, Córdoba, - - 2014
To design software to assist health care providers with contraceptive counselling. The Model-View-Controller software architecture pattern was used. Decision logic was incorporated to automatically compute the safety category of each contraceptive option. Decisions are made according to the specific characteristics or known medical conditions of each potential contraception user. The ...
Ning Hai H Department of Biomedical Engineering, South China University of Technology, 510006 Guangzhou, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
Interactive 3D cutting is widely used as a flexible manual segmentation tool to extract medical data on regions of interest. A novel method for clipping 3D medical data is proposed to reveal the interior of volumetric data. The 3D cutting method retains or clips away selected voxels projected inside an ...
Yamanouchi Satoshi S 1Department of Emergency and Critical Care Medicine/Emergency Center,Tohoku University - - 2014
Introduction When disasters that affect a wide area occur, external medical relief teams play a critical role in the affected areas by helping to alleviate the burden caused by surging numbers of individuals requiring health care. Despite this, no system has been established for managing deployed medical relief teams during ...
Seabury Seth A SA Seth A. Seabury (seabury@usc.edu) is an associate professor at the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics and in the Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, in Los - - 2014
The impact of medical malpractice reforms on the average size of malpractice payments in specific physician specialties is unknown and subject to debate. We analyzed a national sample of malpractice claims for the period 1985-2010, merged with information on state liability reforms, to estimate the impact of state noneconomic damages ...
Ujiie Yasuhiro - - 2014
Abstract Background: Patients suffering from intractable diseases and individuals seeking relief from mild symptoms resort to treatments outside the modern medical paradigm, such as complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). In order to improve doctor-patient communication about CAM, it is essential to evaluate CAM usage among social groups likely to choose ...
Sarfati L L Clinical Oncology Pharmacy Unit, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices Civils de Lyon, Pierre Bénite, - - 2014
Medication errors (ME) in oncology are known to cause serious iatrogenic complications. However, MEs still occur at each step in the anticancer chemotherapy process, particularly when injections are prepared in the hospital pharmacy. This study assessed whether a ME simulation program would help prevent ME-associated iatrogenic complications. The 5-month prospective ...
Swartz James A JA James A. Swartz and Ian Jantz are with the Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at - - 2014
Objectives. We sought to determine whether severe psychological distress (SPD) and serious mental illnesses (SMIs) are associated with a specific set of chronic medical conditions (CMCs) and the association between SPD-SMIs and increasing levels of medical multimorbidity and complexity (i.e., from 1 to 3 or more CMCs). Methods. We used ...
Brauer David G DG Washington University School of Medicine , USA - - 2014
Abstract The popularity of the term "integrated curriculum" has grown immensely in medical education over the last two decades, but what does this term mean and how do we go about its design, implementation, and evaluation? Definitions and application of the term vary greatly in the literature, spanning from the ...
Bentley Thomas T Thomas Bentley, RN, MS, is Deputy CIO, Applications, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus. Milisa Rizer, MD, MPH, is Chief Medical Information Officer, and Associate Professor of Family Medicine, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus. Ann Scheck McAlearney, ScD, MS, is Professor of Family Medicine and Vice Chair for Research, Department of Family Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Hagop Mekhjian, MD, is Senior Associate Vice President, Health Sciences, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus. Monica Siedler, MHA, is Administrative Associate, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus. Karen Sharp, MS, is Director of Information Technology, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus. Phyllis Teater, MS, is Associate Vice President, Health Services, The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, Columbus. Timothy Huerta, PhD, MS, is Associate Professor of Family Medicine and Biomedical Informatics, The Ohio State University, Columbus. Email: - - 2014
Health care organizations, in response to federal programs, have sought to identify electronic medical record (EMR) strategies that align well with their visions for success. Little exists in the literature discussing the transition from one EMR strategy to another. The analysis and planning process used by a major academic medical ...
Sorita Atsushi A http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1150-3490 Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
We developed and implemented a 'CPOE-QT Alert' system, that is, clinical decision support integrated in the computerized physician order entry system (CPOE), in 2011. The system identifies any attempts to order medications with risk of torsade de pointes (TdP) for patients with a history of significant QT prolongation (QTc ≥500 ms) ...
Ahmadi Nasab Emran Shahram S Dr. Ahmadi Nasab Emran is a teaching assistant, Albert Gnaegi Center for Health Care Ethics, Saint Louis University (SLU), St. Louis, Missouri. He is also a candidate for a PhD in health care ethics at - - 2014
The pharmaceutical industry's wide range of interactions with physicians, trainees, and other medical professionals-interactions that include information transfer and financial incentives-has been the source of undue influences, especially on physicians' prescription behavior. Current literature has mainly been focused on the financial element of these influences, and the problems in medical ...
Golder Su - - 2014
Research has indicated that adverse effects terms are increasingly prevalent in the title, abstract or indexing terms of articles that contain adverse drug effects data in MEDLINE and Embase. However, it is unknown whether adverse effects terms are present in the database records of articles that contain adverse effects data ...
Leslie Daniel C DC 000000030606792X 1] Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [2] School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. [3] Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. [4] Vascular Biology Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, - - 2014
Thrombosis and biofouling of extracorporeal circuits and indwelling medical devices cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. We apply a bioinspired, omniphobic coating to tubing and catheters and show that it completely repels blood and suppresses biofilm formation. The coating is a covalently tethered, flexible molecular layer of perfluorocarbon, which holds ...
Montassier Emmanuel - - 2014
Abstract Objective. It has been proved that emergency medical dispatch centers (EMDC) save lives by promoting an appropriate allocation of emergency medical service resources. Indeed, optimal dispatcher call duration is pivotal to reduce the time gap between the time a call is placed and the delivery of medical care. However, ...
Thelen Sebastian - - 2014
In order to study new methods of telemedicine usage in the context of emergency medical services, researchers need to prototype integrated telemedicine systems. To conduct a one year trial phase-intended to study a new application of telemedicine in German emergency medical services-, we used off-the-shelf medical devices and software to ...
Lee Tian-Fu TF Department of Medical Informatics, Tzu Chi University, Hualien 970, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
Telecare medicine information systems provide a communicating platform for accessing remote medical resources through public networks, and help health care workers and medical personnel to rapidly making correct clinical decisions and treatments. An authentication scheme for data exchange in telecare medicine information systems enables legal users in hospitals and medical ...
Ullah Midrar M , midrarullah2007@yahoo.com , Librarian and Literature Search Officer, Army Medical College, National University of Sciences and Technology (NUST), Pakistan, Abid Majeed Road, Rawalpindi, Pakistan 46000; , kanwal.ameen@gmail.com , Professor and Chairperson, Department of Library and Information Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, - - 2014
The research explored the current practices of information literacy (IL) instruction in medical libraries of Pakistan. A semi-structured questionnaire was mailed to the head librarians of all 114 academic medical libraries in Pakistan. It investigated the types of IL instruction provided, topics covered, methods of delivery and assessment, level of ...
Hiebert Nole M NM Brain and Mind Institute, University of Western Ontario London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 5B7 ; Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Western Ontario London, Ontario, Canada, N6A - - 2014
The aim was to examine the effect of dopaminergic medication on stimulus-response learning versus performing decisions based on learning. To see the effect of dopaminergic therapy on stimulus-response learning and response selection, participants with Parkinson's disease (PD) were either tested on and/or off their prescribed dose of dopaminergic therapy during ...
Fotiadis Dimitris - - 2014
This paper presents a novel method for tracking the position of a medical instrument's tip. The system is based on phase locking a high frequency signal transmitted from the medical instrument's tip to a reference signal. Displacement measurement is established having the loop open, in order to get a low ...
Biagianti Bruno - - 2014
BackgroundEven after successful detoxification, 20-40% of subjects presenting chronic migraine with symptomatic medication overuse (CMwMO) relapse into medication overuse within one year. In this restrospective analysis on subjects referred to our center for detoxification, we investigated whether personality traits, dependency-like behaviors and pain coping styles predicted those who relapsed into ...
de Kam Digna D Department of Rehabilitation, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University Medical Center, Po Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
In this study, we investigated the effect of dopaminergic medication on reactive stepping responses to forward and backward balance perturbations in patients with moderately severe Parkinson's disease (PD). Twelve PD patients, Hoehn and Yahr stage ranging from 2 to 3, and 15 healthy controls were exposed to multidirectional translational stance ...
Wright Aileen P AP Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Therapy for certain medical conditions occurs in a stepwise fashion, where one medication is recommended as initial therapy and other medications follow. Sequential pattern mining is a data mining technique used to identify patterns of ordered events. To determine whether sequential pattern mining is effective for identifying temporal relationships between ...
Frye Laura J LJ Gynuity Health Projects, New York, NY 10010, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Routine provision of antibiotics following medical abortion is common yet practitioners and professional societies differ on its utility. Our study compares the side effects experienced by women who were prescribed doxycycline following medical abortion to those who were not and assesses the adherence to one prescribed regimen. This was a ...
Sajadi Haniye Sadat HS Health Management and Economics Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The critical role that the board plays in governance of universities clarifies the necessity of evaluating its performance. This study was aimed to evaluate the performance of the boards of medical universities and provide solutions to enhance its performance. The first phase of present study was a qualitative research in ...
Howe Hasanali Stephanie S Department of Sociology and Population Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, 211 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA, 16802-6207, USA, - - 2014
This study compares the unmet medical needs of foreign-born and U.S.-born adults. Both subjective and objective unmet medical needs are considered, and the roles of duration of U.S. residence, English language proficiency, and state-level destination type in explaining immigrants' unmet need are assessed. Multivariate analyses of the 2007-2009 Medical Expenditure ...
Wright Sarah S Medical Education Department, Toronto East General Hospital, 825 Coxwell Avenue, Toronto, ON, M4C 3E7, Canada, - - 2014
Students from state schools are underrepresented in UK medical schools. Discussions often focus on deficient academic and motivational traits of state school students, rather than considering the effects of student support during the admissions process. This qualitative study explored student experiences of support from schools and families during the medical ...
Hammar Tora T eHealth Institute, Department of Medicine and Optometry, Linnaeus University, 391 82, Kalmar, Sweden, - - 2014
Background Physicians, patients and others involved need to have accurate information on patients' current drug prescriptions available, and have that information protected from unauthorized access. During the past decade, many counties in Sweden have implemented regionally shared medication lists within health care. Objective The aim of this study was to ...
Pollart Susan M SM Dr. Pollart is Ruth E. Murdaugh Professor of Family Medicine and senior associate dean for faculty affairs and faculty development, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville, Virginia. Ms. Dandar is senior research and member services specialist, Faculty Forward, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC. Dr. Brubaker is professor of obstetrics and gynecology and dean, Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois. Dr. Chaudron is senior associate dean for diversity and professor in psychiatry, pediatrics, and obstetrics and gynecology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York. Dr. Morrison is vice chancellor for academic affairs and professor of neurology and pediatrics, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque, New Mexico. Dr. Fox is senior director of research, American Academy of Physician Assistants, Alexandria, Virginia. Dr. Mylona is vice dean for faculty affairs and professional development and professor of medicine, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia. Dr. Bunton is research director, Organization and Management Studies, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, - - 2014
To describe the demographics of part-time faculty at U.S. medical schools and to examine their satisfaction with and perceptions of their workplace. Faculty from 14 Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited U.S. medical schools participated in the 2011-2012 Faculty Forward Engagement Survey. The authors calculated descriptive statistics of part-time faculty respondents ...
Agapova Maria M Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research and Policy Program, Department of Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, University of Washington, 1959 NE Pacific St, Seattle, WA 98195. Electronic address: - - 2014
Health agencies making regulatory marketing-authorization decisions use qualitative and quantitative approaches to assess expected benefits and expected risks associated with medical interventions. There is, however, no universal standard approach that regulatory agencies consistently use to conduct benefit-risk assessment (BRA) for pharmaceuticals or medical devices, including for imaging technologies. Economics, health ...
Johnson Heidi H Department of Pediatrics, University of Nebraska Medical - - 2014
The study's aim was to determine migraine prevalence, severity, and educational impact in medical students. A 23-item survey of all medical students of one US medical school addressed migraine frequency, triggers, pattern and severity of symptoms, medication use, impact on educational activities and career choices. The response rate was 48% ...
Kearns Randy D RD From the University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, the North Carolina Office of Emergency Medical Services, Raleigh, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, and Wake Forest University Baptist Health, Winston Salem, North - - 2014
The purpose of this work was to examine the creation and evolution of the North Carolina state medical response system (SMRS). During the past 30 years, states and local communities have developed a somewhat incongruent patchwork of medical disaster response systems. Several local or regional programs participated in the National ...
Ayatollahi Ali A Ali Ayatollahi, MSc Student of Optometry, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, - - 2014
Although computer technologies are now widely used in medicine, little is known about its use among medical students in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine the competence and access to computer and internet among the medical students. In this descriptive study, medical students of Shahid Sadoughi University ...
Petersson Kerstin - - 2014
The Swedish Maternal Health Care Register (MHCR) is a national quality register that has been collecting pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum data since 1999. A substantial revision of the MHCR resulted in a Web-based version of the register in 2010. Although MHCR provides data for health care services and research, the ...
Schwegler Urban - - 2014
Medical evaluations of work capacity provide key information for decisions on a claimant's eligibility for disability benefits. In recent years, the evaluations have been increasingly criticized for low transparency and poor standardization. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) provides a comprehensive spectrum of categories for reporting functioning ...
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