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Results 351 - 400 of 705
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Obedin-Maliver Juno J Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Medical Education Research Group, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, - - 2011
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals experience health and health care disparities and have specific health care needs. Medical education organizations have called for LGBT-sensitive training, but how and to what extent schools educate students to deliver comprehensive LGBT patient care is unknown. To characterize LGBT-related medical curricula and ...
Sviri S - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We describe an observational study in critically ill medical patients showing the association between serum Vitamin B 12 levels measured on or near admission and the outcome in these patients. METHODS: We used the database of patients admitted to the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) at the ...
Ayalon Liat - - 2011
Objectives: This study analyzed the role of patient and physician characteristics associated with the purchase of antidepressant or antianxiety medications in Israel, a country that has a universal health care system. Methods: A national sample of 30,000 primary care patients over the age of 22 was randomly drawn from the ...
Chamberlain Neal R - - 2011
In other studies, around 40% of preclinical medical students were colonized with Staphylococcus aureus but none were MRSA. This study was conducted to determine the level of S. aureus and MRSA in the nares of second year medical students. Over 47% of the student samples contained S. aureus. Five percent ...
Yusuff Kazeem B - - 2011
Objective To assess the frequency and evaluate the factors underlining self-medication with orthodox and herbal medicines among pregnant women in Ibadan, Nigeria. Setting Antenatal clinics at the major antenatal care facility in Ibadan, south-western Nigeria. Methods A prospective cross-sectional study with a pre-tested 15-item structured questionnaire over a 12 week period ...
Thalitaya Madhusudan Deepak - - 2011
Prescribing Observatory for Mental Health (POMH-UK) runs national audit-based quality improvement programmes open to all specialist mental health services in the UK to help improve prescribing practice in discrete areas. The baseline sample and this re-audit represent the largest audits of antipsychotic prescribing in PWLD that have been conducted to ...
Kheterpal Meenal K - - 2011
In the past 15 years, research in dermatology has significantly increased. Dermatology-related contributions in premier medical journals such as The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) and The Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) are the representation of our field in the medical world. To analyze this representation, incidence ...
Abdelhalim Dalia - - 2011
Objectives: To measure the total rate of attending physician, medical resident, and medical student acceptance of interventions recommended by third-year student pharmacists supervised by a licensed pharmacist and to determine the type of health care provider group that accepted the most interventions, type of interventions provided, and number of patients ...
Aderounmu A O - - 2011
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES. The objective of this paper is to estimate the prevalence of examination malpractice among medical students; its import on medical education and future doctors. Structured questionaires were administered to consenting medical students of participating four medical colleges in Nigeria. Data was collated and analysed using SPSS version ...
Faggiano A - - 2011
Thyroid diseases are the commonest endocrine disorders in the general population. In most of the cases, they are consistent with benign conditions which may be asymptomatic or affect people at a variable extent. Since they often represent chronic conditions their prevalence increases by age and reaches in elderly the highest ...
Catic Angela G - - 2011
Delirium, an acute confusional state with changes in attention and cognition, is a common cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized elders. Medications are responsible for up to 39% of delirium cases in the elderly. The incidence of drug-induced delirium is particularly high in this population due to the altered ...
Roff Sue - - 2011
Background:  As part of a larger project to identify appropriate responses and sanctions for lapses in professionalism by health profession students and trainees - and their teachers - we formed reference groups of medical educators to give preliminary guidance. We hope that these data will help to generate 'a greater ...
Moore Philip - - 2011
: This study aimed to evaluate the use of a shared electronic primary health care record (EHR) to assist with medicines reconciliation in the hospital from admission to discharge. : This is a prospective cross-sectional, comparison evaluation for 2 phases, in a short-term elderly admissions ward in the United Kingdom. ...
Nienaber Christoph A - - 2011
Endovascular stent-grafting represents a novel nonsurgical therapeutic concept for type B aortic dissection in both the acute and subacute/chronic settings with unknown impact on outcomes. In a prospective trial, 140 patients with clinically stable type B dissection were randomly subjected to elective stent-graft placement in addition to optimal medical therapy ...
Pugh Mary Jo V - - 2011
To examine the change in use of high-risk medications for the elderly (HRME), as defined by the National Committee on Quality Assurance's Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) quality measure (HEDIS HRME), by older outpatient veterans over a 3-year period and to identify risk factors for HEDIS HRME exposure ...
Ingeman Annette - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The relationship between in-hospital stroke-related medical complications and clinical outcome remains unclear. We examined whether medical complications were associated with length of stay (LOS) and mortality among stroke unit patients. METHODS: Using population-based Danish medical registries, we performed a follow-up study among all patients with acute stroke ...
Moczygemba Leticia R - - 2011
The Medicare Modernization Act of 2003 mandated the provision of medication therapy management (MTM) to eligible Part D beneficiaries to improve medication-related outcomes. As MTM programs evolve, evaluation is necessary to help inform MTM best practices. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of pharmacist-provided telephone MTM ...
Linsky Amy - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors associated with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) discontinuation in long-term care. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Veterans Affairs (VA) long-term care facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans admitted for nonhospice care in 2005 with a length of stay of 7 days or more who were prescribed a PPI within 7 ...
Pulcini C - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The study objectives were: (i) to design an intervention to improve the written documentation of empiric antibiotic prescriptions' reassessment; (ii) and to assess the impact of this intervention on the quality of prescriptions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective before and after 7-month intervention study in a medical ICU in ...
Govindarajan Prasanthi - - 2012
The emergency medical dispatcher (EMD) receiving a call via 911 is the first point of contact within the acute care system and plays an important role in early stroke recognition. Published studies show that the diagnostic accuracy of stroke of EMD needs to be improved. Therefore, the National Association of ...
Flach Peter A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Associations are examined between socio-demographic, medical, work-related and organizational factors and the moment of first return to work (RTW) (within or after 6 weeks of sick leave) and total sick leave duration in sick leave spells due to common mental disorders. METHODS: Data are derived from a Dutch database, ...
Liu Chien-Liang - - 2012
Older people tend to have multiple comorbid conditions and subsequent polypharmacy, which place them at higher risk of adverse drug events, drug-drug and drug-disease interactions and IP. IP includes several patterns, such as inappropriate dose or duration, prescribing drugs having significant drug-disease or drug-drug interactions, and the omission of potentially ...
Telmesani A - - 2011
Medical education has been changing rapidly in Saudi Arabia. Within a decade, the number of medical colleges increased from 5 medical schools with traditional disciplined-based curricula to 21 medical colleges with varied curricula ranging from the traditional to more innovative, problem-based, community-oriented programmes. The private sector has started investing in ...
Brims F J H - - 2011
Historically, acute medical staffing numbers have been lower on weekends and in winter numbers of medical admissions rise. An analysis of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) admissions to Portsmouth Hospitals over a seven-year period was undertaken to examine the effects of admission on a weekend, of winter, ...
Niino Y - - 2011
Cesarean sections sometimes save the lives of mothers and babies; however, they are excessively used compared to medical necessity, which is influenced by various factors that are explored in this article. Since, in most cases the risks of cesarean sections are greater than the benefits, particularly in cesareans that are ...
Logdberg Linda - - 2011
Linda Logdberg, a medical ghostwriter for 11 years, provides a personal view of her former work and what she believes should be done about the problem of fraud in authorship.
Lees Christine H - - 2011
During the pandemic (H1N1) 2009 outbreak, Minnesota, New Mexico, and Oregon used several surveillance methods to detect associated deaths. Surveillance using unexplained death and medical examiner data allowed for detection of 34 (18%) pandemic (H1N1) 2009-associated deaths that were not detected by hospital-based surveillance.
Norman Geoff - - 2011
Medical education research has been an academic pursuit for over 50 years, tracing its roots back to the Office of Medical Education at the State University of New York at Buffalo, New York, with George Miller. As the field has matured, the nature of the questions posed and the disciplinary ...
Neumann Melanie - - 2011
Empathy is a key element of patient-physician communication; it is relevant to and positively influences patients' health. The authors systematically reviewed the literature to investigate changes in trainee empathy and reasons for those changes during medical school and residency. The authors conducted a systematic search of studies concerning trainee empathy ...
McCabe Sean Esteban SE Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, 204 S State Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1290, USA. - - 2011
To determine the past-year medical misuse prevalence for 4 controlled medication classes (pain, stimulant, sleeping, and antianxiety) among adolescents, and to assess substance use outcomes among adolescents who report medical misuse. A Web-based survey was self-administered by 2744 secondary school students in 2009-2010. Two southeastern Michigan school districts. The sample ...
Charboneau Aubri L - - 2011
To determine the percentage of medication-related proposed penalties for licensed assisted living facilities in North Carolina. This retrospective, cross-sectional study examined all proposed penalties and related case-file narratives stemming from annual surveys of licensed assisted living facilities conducted by the state between July 2007 and December 2008. The percentage of ...
Agbor Michael A - - 2011
Objective: To assess the use of self medication in oral health problems in Cameroon. Methods: This multi-regional cross-sectional survey was conducted in three towns; Bamenda, Yaounde and Buea over a 10 month period. The questionnaire elicited information on demography, oral problem for self medication, substance used for self medication, source of the substance, ...
- - 2011
In May 2011, the Office of Inspector General (OIG) of the Department of Health and Human Services issued a report on the use of atypical antipsychotic medications in elderly nursing facility residents. The report found that 95% of the use of these medications was either for off-label use or in ...
Montgomery Ann - - 2011
We describe the validity and reliability of midwife-administered postpartum questionnaires in home and clinic settings. Women identified prospectively before or following hospital delivery (n = 476), September 2004-January 2005, were re-contacted at 6 months postpartum for home interview and medical examination. Reliability was measured by comparing women's responses to the same questions at ...
Koo Jenn Hian - - 2011
Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening improves survival and requires appropriate recommendation by General Practitioners (GP). Screening practices may be influenced by barriers related to ethnicity and training. Methods: A mail survey assessed GPs' practices and barriers towards CRC screening. The association of screening practices and demography including GP ethnicity, medical ...
McWilliams J Michael JM Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, 180 Longwood Ave, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2011
Implementation of Medicare Part D was followed by increased use of prescription medications, reduced out-of-pocket costs, and improved medication adherence. Its effects on nondrug medical spending remain unclear. To assess differential changes in nondrug medical spending following the implementation of Part D for traditional Medicare beneficiaries with limited prior drug ...
Stefanoyiannis A P - - 2011
PURPOSE: The clinical medical physicist is part of a team responsible for safe and competent provision of radiation-based diagnostic examinations and therapeutic practices. To ensure that the physicist can provide an adequate service, sufficient education and training is indispensable. The aim of this study is to provide a structured description ...
Mazurkiewicz Rebecca - - 2011
Burnout is a psychological syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and impaired personal accomplishment induced by repeated workplace stressors. Current research suggests that physician burnout may have its origins in medical school. The consequences of medical student burnout include both personal and professional distress, loss of empathy, and poor health. We ...
Devine J - - 2011
This study evaluated whether patients treated with bisphosphonates in the US Military Health System were more compliant with treatment given monthly versus weekly. While medication compliance did improve with treatment given monthly, overall compliance with bisphosphonates was still suboptimal suggesting the need for further strategies to improve compliance with treatment ...
Powell J - - 2011
Background:Despite the patient numbers and scope of ENT surgery, it is under-represented in most undergraduate medical curricula.Method:An online questionnaire was e-mailed, at National Health Service trust level, to 3544 newly qualified doctors from 30 UK medical schools. Undergraduate ENT exposure, confidence and educational value were measured on a Likert scale.Results:We ...
Sankar Andrea - - 2011
To date, only modest gains have been achieved in explaining adherence to medical regimens, limiting effective interventions. This is a particularly important issue for African Americans who are disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. Few studies have focused on intragroup variation among African Americans in adherence to ART. The aim ...
Selak Vanessa - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death, and principal reason for the large difference in life expectancy between indigenous Māori and the non-indigenous population in New Zealand. CVD guidelines recommend that people who are at high risk or who have had previous CVD should be offered aspirin, ...
Griffin B - - 2011
Given the accumulating evidence that performance in medical school and beyond is related to personality, it is important for research to consider how personality assessment can be included as part of the process of selecting medical students. Interviews are one way of measuring personality and this study extends prior research ...
Lewis Lisa M - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Rates of medication adherence are low among hypertensive blacks despite numerous interventions to increase their adherence. PURPOSE:: The aim of the study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature to understand the factors associated with medication adherence in hypertensive blacks. METHODS:: A systematic computer search of qualitative ...
Laslett Laura L - - 2011
Background:  Education is ideal for osteoporosis because many risk factors are modifiable. However, the efficacy of shortened education courses compared to a standard 4 week course for improving osteoporosis knowledge and healthy behaviours is not known. This study aimed to assess whether education changed knowledge and healthy behaviours over 3 months of ...
Muntner Paul - - 2011
Few data are available on factors associated with low adherence or early clopidogrel discontinuation after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Patients (n = 284) were evaluated before hospital discharge after PCI to identify factors associated with low adherence to clopidogrel 30 days later. Adherence to daily medications before PCI was assessed ...
Sergi Giuseppe - - 2011
Polypharmacy is a problem of growing interest in geriatrics with the increase in drug consumption in recent years, particularly among people aged >65 years. The main reasons for polypharmacy are longer life expectancy, co-morbidity and the implementation of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines. However, polypharmacy also has important negative consequences, such ...
Martin Michelle Y - - 2011
Examine the effectiveness of a community-based, multimedia intervention on medication adherence among hypertensive adults. Randomized controlled trial. Rural south Alabama. Low-income adults (N  =  434) receiving medication at no charge from a public health department or a Federally Qualified Health Center. Both interventions were home-based and delivered via computer by ...
Hospenthal Duane R - - 2011
Multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) infections, including those secondary to Acinetobacter (ACB) and extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae (Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species) have complicated the care of combat-injured personnel during Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Data suggest that the source of these bacterial infections includes nosocomial transmission in both deployed ...
Cruz Ligiane Paula da LP Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research Development, SP, Brazil. - - 2011
This study aimed to verify the adherence, knowledge and the difficulties of elderly patients with Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD) in relation to the prescribed pharmacological therapy for the control of this disorder. The study included 17 elderly patients with BAD treated at a Mental Health Center. Semi-structured interviews were conducted ...
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