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Results 601 - 650 of 705
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Matsuo Takashi - - 2006
An iron porphycene containing two propionate side chains at the 12th and 17th beta-pyrrolic positions of the porphycene ring was synthesized and incorporated into sperm whale apomyoglobin in order to investigate the O(2) and CO binding properties of the reconstituted ferrous myoglobin. The protein showed a slower O(2) dissociation rate ...
Shizuka Manami - - 2006
The syntheses of two isoprostanyl phospholipids are described. A newly established route to 15-F(2t)-isoprostane and ent-15-epi-F(2t)-isoprostane has allowed for the selective preparation of 15-F(2t)-isoprostanyl phosphatidylethanolamine and ent-15-epi-F(2t)-isoprostanyl phosphatidylcholine. The nature of the headgroups dictates the coupling strategy used to attach the appropriately protected isoprostanes to the corresponding lysophospholipids. Preliminary 1H ...
Ruan Shigui - - 2006
The goal of this paper is to study the global spread of SARS. We propose a multiregional compartmental model using medical geography theory (central place theory) and regarding each outbreak zone (such as Hong Kong, Singapore, Toronto, and Beijing) as one region. We then study the effect of the travel ...
Harris Anthony D - - 2006
Quasi-experimental study designs, often described as nonrandomized, pre-post intervention studies, are common in the medical informatics literature. Yet little has been written about the benefits and limitations of the quasi-experimental approach as applied to informatics studies. This paper outlines a relative hierarchy and nomenclature of quasi-experimental study designs that is ...
Edwards Katrina J - - 2005
Oceanography is inherently interdisciplinary and, since its inception, has included the study of microbe-mineral interactions. From early studies of manganese nodules, to the discovery of hydrothermal vents, it has been recognized that microorganisms are involved at various levels in the transformation of rocks and minerals at and below the seafloor. ...
Oyama Mark A - - 2005
Anatomic M-mode (AMM) is an echocardiographic technique that is capable of generating M-mode studies from two-dimensional (2D) cine loops. Unlike conventional M-mode (CMM) whose scan line must lie along the axis of the ultrasound signal, AMM produces M-mode studies independent of the orientation of the ultrasound beam. We sought to ...
Kessel David D Department of Pharmacology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA. - - 2005
This study was designed to provide more detailed information on the subcellular sites of binding of the porphycene, termed 9-capronyloxytetrakis (methoxyethyl) porphycene (CPO), with a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technique. The proximity of CPO to two fluorescent probes was determined: nonyl acridine orange (NAO), a dye with specific affinity ...
Qi Xin-Hua - - 2005
In this paper, reactive brilliant X-3B was used as a model compound to study the photocatalytic activity of TiO2. Experimental results showed that the adulteration of iron and silver on TiO2 could greatly improve the activity of TiO2, and the optimum adulteration amount of iron and silver was 0.1 wt.% ...
Barbato C - - 2005
We previously demonstrated that exogenously administered neurokinin A and neurokinin B, but not substance P, increased the sensitivity of cultured cerebellar granule neurons (CGNs) to glutamate. In the present study, the presence of tachykinin neuropeptides in CGNs was tested by confocal-based immunofluorescence. We found that neurokinin A and neurokinin B ...
Ramírez Antonio - - 2004
The key elimination step for the formation of 3-chloro- and 3-fluorobenzyne from 2-chloro-6-fluorophenyllithium displays a pronounced solvent-dependent regioselectivity. 6Li and 13C NMR spectroscopic studies on 2-chloro-6-fluorophenyllithium reveal a single monomeric aryllithium, suggested by DFT computational studies to be a trisolvate. Rate studies indicate that the elimination of LiCl and LiF ...
Hull Cheryl A - - 2004
Pityriasis (tinea) versicolor, which consists of hyperpigmented and hypopigmented scaly patches, is often difficult to treat. A double-blind comparative study between once-a-day sodium sulfacetamide lotion and selenium sulfide lotion was undertaken. Both treatments were safe and efficacious. Selenium sulfide was statistically more efficacious (76.2% vs 47.8%, P=.013).
Leung Kwok - - 2004
Three studies demonstrated that interactional justice was able to attenuate egocentric bias, i.e., the tendency to regard a larger share for oneself as fair. Study 1, an experimental study of negotiation, showed that fair interpersonal treatment led to a smaller egocentric bias, quicker settlements, and fewer stalemates. Study 2 showed ...
Faupin Arnaud - - 2004
The wheel camber of a wheelchair is a significant parameter that must be taken into account in the search for optimal regulation of a wheelchair. This study examined the effects of different rear-wheel camber (9 degrees , 12 degrees and 15 degrees )-today used mainly in the handibasket championship-on the ...
Bakshi Sandeep - - 2004
Gender studies in general and queer studies in particular have stressed the notion of imitation, play, and performance of gender. In this essay I undertake a comparative analysis of the hijra and the drag queen in terms of the shared and disparate subversive possibilities and limits of the gendered performances ...
Bohannon Richard W - - 2003
10 studies that included comparisons of dominant and nondominant grip strength are summarized. Grip strength is typically greater on the dominant than on the nondominant side, but the difference between sides varies widely among studies and depends on whether individuals are right- or left-hand dominant. Available information may be insufficient ...
Kryczka Tomasz - - 2003
The aims of this study were to assess the effects of sterilization with gamma-irradiation on (i). bulk cladribine and (ii). cladribine-containing biodegradable copolymers. The stability of cladribine upon irradiation was confirmed by TLC, HPLC, UV, IR, DSC, rentgenography and electron microscopy. The stability of copolymers containing cladribine upon irradiation was ...
Bao Jinsong - - 2003
The physical properties of octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA) starches prepared from rice, wheat, and potato starches were studied. Rice and wheat OSA starches had significantly higher peak viscosity (PV), hot paste viscosity (HPV), and cool paste viscosity (CPV), but potato OSA starch had only significantly higher CPV, relative to the ...
Dressel B - - 2003
Planar electroconvection in nematic liquid crystals with positive dielectric anisotropy is theoretically studied in the nonlinear regime. The system is characterized by a competition between the nonequilibrium electroconvection instability and the equilibrium Fréedericksz distortions. Near a resulting multicritical bifurcation point a splay-roll instability and a bistability between the convective and ...
Kropf Siegfried - - 2003
The paper gives some more general remarks on clinical studies from the perspective of a biometrician. Prospective randomised clinical trials are the study type with highest evidence. But there are other study types, too, which have their legitimacy in the process of medical knowledge finding and quality assurance. It is ...
Schirmer R Heiner - - 2003
Methylene blue has intrinsic antimalarial activity and it can act as a chloroquine sensitizer. In addition, methylene blue must be considered for preventing methemoglobinemia, a serious complication of malarial anemia. As an antiparasitic agent, methylene blue is pleiotropic: it interferes with hemoglobin and heme metabolism in digestive organelles, and it ...
Gonzalez Kelly A - - 2002
A tissue-vectored bisphosphonate fullerene, C(60)(OH)(16)AMBP [4,4-bisphosphono-2-(polyhydroxyl-1,2-dihydro-1,2-methanofullerene[60]-61-carboxamido)butyric acid], designed to target bone tissue has been synthesized and evaluated in vitro. An amide bisphosphonate addend, in conjunction with multiple hydroxyl groups, confers a strong affinity for the calcium phosphate mineral hydroxyapatite of bone. Constant composition crystal growth studies indicate that C(60)(OH)(16)AMBP reduces ...
Jagla E A - - 2002
We study the appearance and evolution of an array of parallel cracks in a thin slab of material that is directionally dried, and show that the cracks penetrate the material uniformly if the drying front is sufficiently sharp. We also show that cracks have a tendency to become evenly spaced ...
Giuliani Anna - - 2002
The telencephalo-habenulo-interpeduncular connections have been studied in the brain of the cartilaginous fish Chiloscyllium arabicum. In addition to telencephalic and diencephalic projections to the habenula and to habenulo-interpeduncular projection, the presence of a direct telencephalo-interpeduncular connection confirmed some homologies of this system in cartilaginous fishes with actinopterigian fishes and land ...
Chung Myung-Hyun - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Serous otitis media is usually responsive to medical treatment, whereas mucoid otitis media is not. The present study was undertaken to elucidate the compositional difference between serous and mucoid effusion and to investigate whether MUC5AC acts as a major mucin in the middle ear mucosa with mucoid otitis media. ...
Kimmel H L - - 2001
With the hypothesis that 3-phenyltropane analogs of cocaine might be useful as cocaine medications, 17 analogs (RTI-51, RTI-55, RTI-108, RTI-112, RTI-113, RTI-116, RTI-120, RTI-121, RTI-126, RTI-139, RTI-141, RTI-150, RTI-171, RTI-177, RTI-199, RTI-204, and RTI-219) were characterized for their potency and selectivity at the monoamine transporters in a previous study. Based ...
von Moltke L L - - 2001
The aged are an extremely heterogeneous population that is growing worldwide, included are healthy and agile individuals in their early sixties, as well as an increasing number of people over the age of 35. Pharmacotherapy is expected to continue its prominent role in the medical management of a wide range ...
Förster J - - 2001
Three studies demonstrated that postsuppressional rebound (PSR) may be both reduced and enhanced by manipulating people's attributions about why they experience difficulty during suppression. Telling participants that suppression failures indicate a high motivation to use the suppressed construct produced more PSR than telling them that suppression failures indicate a low ...
Mezinskis J P - - 2001
This article presents an overview of the definition and measurement of "craving" as it is applied to drug and alcohol abuse research. Examples of craving measures are described and organized in terms of whether they structure craving as a single factor or as a multifactorial construct. The application of craving ...
Alkan M L - - 2000
With fast-developing technologies and communication, the future of the medical school is not clear. The definition of the graduate is shifting from what was forged in the past to a new doctor. The trends are towards more specialization, mastering of modern technologies and scientific achievements, versus community awareness and a ...
Modesto-Lowe V - - 1999
AIMS: The aim of this article is to examine the validity of a cue-reactivity paradigm for evaluating medications to treat cocaine dependence and to critically review cocaine pharmacotherapy studies that use this method. METHODS: A Medline computerized search was performed to identify randomized, controlled medication studies for cocaine dependence that ...
Hepworth C C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Endoloops are detachable nylon snares. The aims of this study were to develop an endoscopic method for repeated delivery of endoloops to arrest variceal bleeding, to compare efficacy of endoloop hemostasis with injection and band ligation in experimental models of bleeding, and to test the reliability and safety of ...
Bryant P J - - 1999
The Proton-Ion Medical Machine Study (PIMMS) was set up following an agreement between Professor M. Regler of the Med-AUSTRON (Austria) and Professor U. Amaldi of the TERA Foundation (Italy) to join their efforts in the design of a medical synchrotron that could later be adapted to individual national needs. CERN ...
Lindley N R - - 1999
This study examined the relationships between codependency and age, gender, self-confidence, autonomy, and succorance, which is the quality of soliciting emotional support from others. The study also tested the validity of the Spann-Fischer Codependency Scale (Fischer, Spann, & Crawford, 1991). Ninety-five undergraduates completed a demographic sheet, the Adjective Check List ...
Svatos J - - 1999
In the paper we show results of medical study from statistical point of view. The medical study was aimed to study genetic risk factors of peripheral arterial occlusive diseases in Czech population. Two genes, CBS and MTHFR were examined, as various genotypes of these genes are thought to have impact ...
Abdel-Rahman M S - - 1998
Experimental application of Hyalomma dromedarii pheromone-impregnated in cyfluthrin (pyrethroid) decoys on experimentally infested camels revealed efficacy rate of 85.33%, while the control group showed normal pattern of tick engorgement. This study proved the rapid movement of males toward decoys and some males took the mounting position with such decoys. On ...
Davies D C - - 1997
The archistriatum of the domestic chick has been implicated in both fear behaviour and learning. However, relatively little is known about its organisation. The efferent connections of discrete anatomical regions of the chick archistriatum were therefore investigated by iontophoresis of the anterograde tracer Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin into its anterior, dorsal ...
Im C - - 1997
The(1)H-NMR signals of 2-cephems and 3-cephems have been assigned and the Nuclear Overhauser Effect (NOE) study of these compounds was undertaken.
Murray J G - - 1997
This study describes the CT appearance of the pleural space after talc pleurodesis. After talc pleurodesis, the pleural space reveals variable degrees of pleural thickening and nodularity, often with a residual loculated effusion. High-attenuation areas representing talc deposits are expected and should not be confused with other pleural abnormalities.
Takahashi H - - 1997
The response of roots to a moisture gradient has been reexamined, and positive hydrotropism has been demonstrated in recent years. Agravitropic roots of a pea mutant have contributed to the studies on hydrotropism. The kinetics of hydrotropic curvature, interactions between hydrotropism and gravitropism, moisture gradients required for the induction of ...
Mark D H - - 1997
The issue of selection bias is often raised in the critical appraisal of medical studies, but it is often poorly defined and misunderstood. This paper, describes three common patterns of use of the term selection bias and their effects on study results. The three ways in which selection bias is ...
Muris P - - 1996
The present studies compared the psychometric properties of two self-report measures of spider fear: Fear of Spiders Questionnaire (FSQ) and Spider Phobia Questionnaire (SPQ). In the first study, adequate test-retest stability and internal consistency was found for both FSQ and SPQ. In the second study, both instruments were able to ...
Kusek J W - - 1996
Seventy-one of the 94 eligible participants of the African American Study of Kidney Disease and Hypertension (AASK) Pilot Study completed a self-administered questionnaire at the end of the study to determine their satisfaction with the study, difficulties encountered during participation, and willingness to join a similar study in the future. ...
Iacovino J R - - 1996
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HC) is portrayed in past literature as having an ominous prognosis. However, most studies emanated from medical centers and suffered from potential referral bias. A population based, community diagnosed and treated survival study is analyzed by the life table method. Despite potential causes for both underestimation of the ...
Sancier K M - - 1996
This article reviews selected studies of medical applications of Chinese qigong. The review centers on clinical and experimental studies to show that qigong exercise can beneficially affect many functions of the body and improve health. The studies, some conducted in depth, were selected to illustrate that medical applications of qigong ...
Yoshie S - - 1994
The binding site of gurmarin, a peptide inhibiting the sweet-taste sensation, was studied in taste buds in rat circumvallate papillae by means of a histochemical technique. Frozen sections of tongues were incubated with gurmarin conjugated with biotin and thereafter examined with a light microscope. Positive reactivity for the peptide was ...
Lin X Z - - 1994
Different compositions of gallstone merit different treatments if a non-surgical method is chosen for these patients. In this study, gallstones collected from 125 patients were classified into cholesterol (pure, combination, mixed N = 28), brown (N = 64) and black (N = 41) stones by the Gallstone Classification of the ...
Kerwin G A - - 1994
STUDY DESIGN: This study investigated the effect of the size and material of halo rings on the pin force produced at the halo pin-calvarium complex. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Loosening of halo pins has been a problem with using the halo-vest apparatus to stabilize cervical spine fractures. METHODS: One standard ...
Tange H J HJ Department of Medical Informatics and Statistics, University of Limburg, Maastricht, - - 1994
Both a prototype medical record system and a protocol information system are presented. Both systems are used for research purposes. The philosophy behind the medical record system is that the system should provide both freedom of vocabulary and freedom of level of detail. The freedom of vocabulary is guaranteed by ...
Nakamura J - - 1992
The effects of new thienodiazepine anxiolytics, etizolam and clotiazepam, on the appearance of frontal midline theta activity (Fm theta) were studied by the double-blind crossover method. The results were as follows; 1) Both clotiazepam and placebo tended to increase the Fm theta appearance in all subjects, but etizolam showed no ...
Felson D T - - 1992
With the proliferation of meta-analyses in the medical literature have come conflicting studies. In addition, observance of guidelines for the performance of meta-analyses has been spotty. Bias may explain conflicting studies and differentiate carefully performed meta-analyses from others. Meta-analysts may fail to anticipate biases which threaten their study's validity. The ...
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