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Results 551 - 600 of 705
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Emed Jessica D - - 2010
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common, serious and preventable complication in hospitalized patients. Thromboprophylaxis in medical patients is safe, effective, and cost saving, but remains underutilized. Although immobility plays an important role in determining VTE risk in medical patients, no clear criteria exist to guide clinicians in assessing immobility when ...
Attena F - - 2010
The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of the MR compilation in some Operative Units of the "Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria--II Università di Napoli" (AOU- SUN)-Italy, before and after an intervention of quality improvement, underlining the potential differences in the behaviour of different specialists (physicians vs. surgeons). Two ...
Gaiser Robert - - 2010
To evaluate resident performance in the obstetric-anesthesia rotation using resident portfolios and their In-Training Examination scores, which are provided by the American Board of Anesthesiology/American Society of Anesthesiologists. We reviewed academic portfolios for second- and third-year anesthesiology residents at a single institution from 2006-2008 to examine United States Medical Licensing ...
Chaiyasit Noppadol - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To study cycle control, side effects, and satisfaction of low dose 24-day combined contraceptive containing 20 microg of Ethinylestradiol and 3 mg of Drospirenone. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was an open label, non-comparative study. The healthy females from the family planning clinic at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital were assigned ...
Sehiralti Mine - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Most of the distinctive studies concerning dermatophyte infections were carried out at the end of the 19(th) century. One of the contributors of these studies was the Turkish dermatologist Dr. Celalettin Muhtar Ozden. The aim of this study was to introduce his life, works, and contributions to dermatology. METHODS: ...
van Baal Pieter H M - - 2010
The inclusion of medical costs in life years gained in economic evaluations of health care technologies has long been controversial. Arguments in favour of the inclusion of such costs are gaining support, which shifts the question from whether to how to include these costs. This paper elaborates on the issue ...
Vojniković Bozo - - 2010
The sungazing method has been known for thousands of years as healing method based on chromotherapeutic principle. Our examinations on the island of Rab show that it is acceptable only if applied 10 min before the sunset. Gazing has to be directed towards the green-yellow part of the spectrum, since ...
Frew Elizabeth - - 2010
This study aims to explore limitations with the Malnutrition Screening Tool in identifying malnutrition risk, in a cohort of 3,033 adult Australian medical and surgical hospital inpatients. Seventy-two percent of patients were screened; illness and medical care limited access to others. Malnutrition risk (16.5%; n = 501) was found in ...
Fry Jessica L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The use of premedication to prevent acute transfusion reactions has been estimated to occur in 50% to 80% of transfusions. While this practice has some biologic rationale, few clinical studies have been performed to assess the efficacy of this practice, and the methodologic quality of these studies is variable. ...
Hochman Michael M Department of Medicine, Cambridge Health Alliance, Cambridge and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. - - 2010
Policy makers and physician organizations have recently called for more comparative effectiveness (CE) research, yet little is known about existing CE studies. To describe the characteristics of recently published CE studies evaluating medications. Analysis of all randomized trials, observational studies, and meta-analyses involving medications published in the 6 general medicine ...
Spanos Stephanie L - - 2010
Decision support tools are an important adjunct to medical resuscitation. We initiated a study comparing the use of the traditional code book method versus a computerized decision support system. However, appropriate use of the tools requires correct initial recognition of the dysrhythmia. Using simulation, numerous deficiencies were revealed regarding resident ...
Cen Yana - - 2010
The development of a new methodology to achieve electrophilic fluorination of triisopropylsilyl-protected 2-deoxyribonolactone has been employed to synthesize clofarabine and gemcitabine with improved synthetic efficiency versus prior synthetic methods. These studies highlight the versatility of this new methodology to obtain medically relevant 2'-fluoronucleosides.
Watkin Anna - - 2010
A 19-year-old white British man, not previously known to psychiatric services, presented with acute onset of florid psychotic symptoms. His symptoms included auditory hallucinations, misidentification of family members, thought interference and delusions of control. His level of distress was high and did not respond to verbal or medical de-escalation; therefore, ...
Pormann Peter E - - 2010
The training of medical students reflects current medical trends and has grave repercussions on the future development of the medical art. This is as true today as it was in Antiquity. There was, however, one period and place at the crossroads of civilisations and cultures in which the educational trends ...
Gavrus Delia - - 2010
In the late 1920s, V.E. Henderson and his team at the University of Toronto discovered the anaesthetic properties of cyclopropane. For a number of reasons, Henderson did not envision cyclopropane as a useful technology: to him it was simply a gas that possessed anaesthetic properties, rather than a potential clinical ...
Knipper Michael - - 2010
Ethnic diversity has become a common reality in European societies, including those of Germany and the Netherlands. Given that ethnic minority groups and immigrants are known to be especially vulnerable to inequalities in health, access to services and quality of care, the need for cultural competency training in medical education ...
Lagro-Janssen Toine - - 2010
There is ample scientific evidence to support the importance of gender issues in health and illness. If we fail to take such sex and gender differences sufficiently into account, this will affect the quality of health care provided to men and women, and this is precisely what good medical education ...
Hillen Harry F P - - 2010
Accreditation is an instrument that is used worldwide to monitor, maintain and improve the quality of medical education. International standards have been defined to be used in reviewing and evaluating the quality of education. The organization and the process of accreditation of medical education programmes in the Netherlands and in ...
Vollebregt Erik E Greenberg Traurig LLP, Amsterdam, The - - 2010
Traditionally medical devices companies manage business compliance with anti-corruption and anti-fraud rules in a document-oriented way that does not always yield optimal results for the company. As a result, compliance issues are not optimally managed by the companies. Now that medical devices companies become ever more internationally active, they must ...
Dolmans Diana H J M - - 2010
Medical education research has changed over the years from merely descriptive studies towards justification or curriculum comparison studies and, nowadays, towards a slow introduction of more clarification studies. In clarification studies quantitative and qualitative methods are used to explain why or how educational interventions work or do not work. This ...
Schirlo Christian - - 2010
In the light of ongoing changes and challenges in the European health systems which also have significant implications for undergraduate medical education, the present paper describes the accreditation of medical education programmes in Switzerland focussing on undergraduate medical education. A summary of the methodology used is provided and first experiences ...
Shortt S E D - - 2010
The rapid increase in the use of the Internet for continuing education by physicians suggests the need to define quality criteria for accredited online modules. Continuing medical education (CME) directors from Canadian medical schools and academic researchers participated in a consensus process, Modified Nominal Group Technique, to develop agreement on ...
Forsner Maria - - 2009
Fear can be problematic for children who come into contact with medical care. This study aimed to illuminate the meaning of being afraid when in contact with medical care, as narrated by children 7-11 years old. Nine children participated in the study, which applied a phenomenological hermeneutic analysis methodology. The ...
Kucukarslan Suzan N - - 2009
: Self-regulation theory predicts that patient behavior is determined by the patient's assessment of his/her condition (illness presentation) and related health goals. Patients will adapt their behavior to achieve those goals. However, there are multiple levels of goals. In such cases, those lower-level goals (health goals) that are strongly correlated ...
Kapoor Roger - - 2009
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is often treated with multiple modalities, including topical medications such as corticosteroids and topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs). The aim of this study was to describe the natural history of the utilization characteristics of topical treatment in those with AD. We conducted a longitudinal study of the first ...
Bayoumi Imaan - - 2009
To systematically review all primary care intervention studies designed to implement medication reconciliation for effects on medication discrepancies, clinical outcomes, and patient knowledge of their medications. We searched MEDLINE (1988-March 2008); Healthstar (1966-March 2008); CINAHL (1982-March 2008); EMBASE (1980-March 2008); Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled ...
Mooney Larissa J - - 2009
: Medical conditions in methamphetamine (MA) users have not been well characterized. Using both self-report and physical examination data, the aims of this study were to (1) describe the frequency of medical conditions in a sample of MA users 3 years posttreatment; (2) evaluate the association between medical conditions and ...
Boateng Beatrice A - - 2009
The outcomes-based assessment rubric is a novel systematic instrument for documenting improvement in clinical learning. This article describes the development of a rubric aimed at introducing specific performance indicators to measure the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competencies. The potential benefits and implications for medical education include specifying performance ...
Harewood G C - - 2010
The ability to critically appraise the calibre of studies in medical literature is increasingly important for medical professionals. This prospective controlled study evaluated the impact of a 6-h Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) Workshop on the critical appraisal skills of medical trainees. Individuals attended three 2-h workshops over a 3-week period, ...
Piat Myra - - 2009
The role of medication in the recovery of mental health consumers is important. In the context of a multi-site Canadian study on the meaning of recovery, five themes related to medication and recovery emerged from qualitative interviews with 60 consumers. For these consumers, recovery meant: finding a medication that works; ...
Dieckmann Peter - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Describing what simulation centre leaders see as the ideal debriefing for different simulator courses (medical vs. crisis resource management (CRM)-oriented). Describing the practice of debriefing based on interactions between instructors and training participants. METHODS: Study 1 - Electronic questionnaire on the relevance of different roles of the medical teacher ...
Tokuda Yasuharu - - 2009
Little information is available on evaluation of medical professionalism among Japanese physicians and on its education in Japanese medical schools. To assess professionalism and its education in Japan. We analysed the responses to challenges to professionalism for Japanese residents and physicians, using the Barry Questionnaire, and to survey the extent ...
Jayanthi Neeru A - - 2009
There have been no large-scale epidemiologic studies designed to determine the risk factors related to medical withdrawal in United States Tennis Association junior national tennis tournaments. Risk of medical withdrawal will increase on the basis of cumulative match volume within a tournament. A retrospective, cross-sectional analysis was performed of data ...
Ptacek Radek - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to compare complex anthropometric characteristics in non medicated boys with ADHD and normal population. METHODS: Complex anthropometric examination of non-medicated ADHD boys (n=46, average age 11.03 years), statistical and clinical comparison to the actual population growth norm. In contrast to the most of ...
Kim Hyun Kyoung - - 2009
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the experience of North Korean refugees living in South Korea. From the analysis of the participants' comments, six essences were identified: entrance to a new world after struggling for survival, unexpected shock and chaos, reconsidering the reasons for leaving North Korea, ...
Oberg Erica B - - 2008
Despite guidelines to direct appropriate medical management, the quality of care following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be lacking. This study characterizes medication utilization by Medicaid enrollees in the year following AMI, compares it to guidelines for secondary prevention and investigates associations with rehospitalization and survival. Using DSHS administrative claims ...
Colliver Jerry A - - 2008
CONTEXT: Meta-analyses are commonly performed on quasi-experimental studies in medical education and other applied field settings, with little or no apparent concern for biases and confounds present in the studies synthesised. The implicit assumption is that the biases and confounds are randomly distributed across the studies and are averaged or ...
Al-Wardy Nadia M - - 2008
Most medical schools have established a medical education unit (MEU) or similar bodies in response to various reforms in medical education. Such units have a variety of titles and operate either independently or under the office of the dean. Their activities include conducting educational research, teaching and providing service and ...
Shiu Gary - - 2008
Warped string compactifications, characterized by the nonsingular behavior of the metric in the infrared (IR), feature departures from the usual anti-de Sitter warped extra dimensions. We study the implications of the smooth IR cutoff for Randall-Sundrum- (RS-)type models. We find that the phenomenology of the Kaluza-Klein gravitons (including their masses ...
Solti Imre I University of Washington, Seattle, WA, - - 2008
Clinical trials are important for the advancement of medical research. Despite of the benefits clinical trial enrollment is low. We study the feasibility of using NLP to assist with automatic eligibility screening by extracting medical diagnoses from the inclusion and exclusion criteria of cancer clinical trial announcements posted on the ...
Newman Diane K - - 2008
The MATRIX study consisted of a large population of older adults. In addition to those over the age of 65, this study included 131 patients > or =85 years old. Even though these adults were community-based, many of them had similar medical histories, comorbidities, use of multiple medications and urinary ...
Addison John - - 2008
Experimental animal studies comparing asbestos and non-asbestos varieties of tremolite indicate tremolite asbestos is markedly more carcinogenic. By direct analogy, the differences in carcinogenicity between tremolite asbestos and non-asbestos prismatic tremolite should be the same for the other types of amphibole that also crystallize in the asbestos and non-asbestos habits. ...
Nomura Yuka - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the trends of sampling locations and methods of studying hard-to-reach populations conducted in Japan. We accessed a Japanese medical database on 30 September 2005 to review 5 study types of hard-to-reach populations conducted in Japan: men who have sex with men, homeless, ...
Schmidt Frank L - - 2007
The authors examine 3 methods of combining new studies into existing meta-analyses: (a) adding the new study or studies to the database and recalculating the meta-analysis (the medical model); (b) using the Bayesian procedure advocated by F. L. Schmidt and J. E. Hunter (1977) and F. L. Schmidt, J. E. ...
Adinarayanan S - - 2007
Mass treatment with diethylcarbamazine (DEC)-medicated salt has been used in a number of places as a control measure for lymphatic filariasis. We sought reliable evidence about its effect on lymphatic filariasis transmission. To evaluate the effects of DEC-medicated salt on infection with lymphatic nematodes in studies of individuals and communities. ...
Ma Yun - - 2006
Lithium diisopropylamide-mediated dehydrobrominations of exo-2-bromonorbornane, 1-bromocyclooctene, and cis-4-bromo-tert-butylcyclohexane were studied in THF solutions and THF solutions with added hexamethylphosphoramide (HMPA). Rate studies reveal a diverse array of mechanisms based on mono-, di-, and trisolvated monomers as well as triple ions. The results are contrasted with analogous eliminations in THF in ...
Jörgens Victor - - 2006
Oskar Minkowski, a physician of many talents, was an outstanding clinical scientist, a brilliant experimental investigator and a prolific medical writer. His name is connected with highly important clinical studies and experimental probes, all of which significantly contributed to our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus after removal of ...
Sánchez-Prado Lucía - - 2006
Photo-solid-phase microextraction (photo-SPME) is combined for the first time with natural and simulated sunlight to study the photochemical behaviour of environmental concerning tetra- to hexa-brominated diphenyl ethers. The sunlight photodegradation kinetics of five brominated diphenyl ethers (BDE 47, BDE 100, BDE 99, BDE 154 and BDE 153) has been studied. ...
Kawas Claudia H - - 2006
In the past decade, studies of Alzheimer disease risk and medication exposures, supplement intake, and dietary factors have grown in number. Typically identified in case-control and cross-sectional studies, many of these exposures have also been replicated in prospective studies. These observational studies have provided the foundation for the development of ...
Kizkin Sibel - - 2006
Evoked potential studies have demonstrated that musicians have the ability to distinguish musical sounds preattentively and automatically at the temporal, spectral, and spatial levels in more detail. It is however not known whether there is a difference in the early processes of auditory data processing of musicians. The most emphasized ...
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