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Results 501 - 550 of 705
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Suzuki Takuo T Department of Intelligent Interaction Technologies, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8573, Japan. - - 2011
In this paper, we propose a new intelligent medicine case with a home medical interface (iMec G2) to assist an elderly recipient in taking his/her medicine adequately. A touchscreen was equipped in the front surface of the iMec which was tilted backward. The home medical interface for self-medication support was ...
Mpimbaza Arthur - - 2011
Verbal autopsy (VA) procedures can be used to estimate cause of death in settings with inadequate vital registries. However, the sensitivity of VA for determining malaria-specific mortality may be low, and may vary with transmission intensity. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of VA procedures as compared to hospital medical records ...
Simundic Ana-Maria - - 2011
Heterogeneity exists across Europe in the definition of the profession of clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine and also in academic background of specialists in this discipline. This article provides an overview of the standards of education and training of laboratory professionals and quality regulations in Croatia. Clinical chemistry in Croatia ...
Bilal Mohammad - - 2011
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) is an enzyme found in Liver and indicates injury to Hepatocytes. It is influenced by various factors. The objectives of this study were to identify the correlates of ALT activity among healthy medical students of Army Medical College, National University of Sciences and Technology, aged 18-22 years. ...
Loyola Filho Antônio Ignácio de - - 2011
This study examined differences in the use of medications in two birth cohorts (born from 1916 to 1926 and from 1927 to 1937) among older elderly in the population-based cohort study in Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The study used data on participants who were 71-81 years of age in ...
Puustinen Juha - - 2011
Previous studies have found associations between the use of central nervous system medication and the risk of cognitive decline in the aged. Our aim was to assess whether the use of a single central nervous system (CNS) medication and, on the other hand, the combined use of multiple CNS medications ...
Worley Paul - - 2011
Australia's medical education system is undergoing a socially motivated transformation focused on improving access to medical care for rural and remote communities. A rural and remote backbone of Rural Clinical Schools (RCS), University Departments of Rural Health, regional medical schools, and the postgraduate college, ACRRM, have enabled community responsive innovation ...
Jwayyed Sharhabeel - - 2011
Studies on computer-aided instruction and web-based learning have left many questions unanswered about the most effective use of technology-assisted education in graduate medical education. We conducted a review of the current medical literature to report the techniques, methods, frequency and effectiveness of technology-assisted education in graduate medical education. A structured ...
Lindström Veronica - - 2011
There is a great variety in how emergency medical communication centers (EMCC) are organized in different countries and sometimes, even within countries. Organizational changes in the EMCC have often occurred because of outside world changes, limited resources and the need to control costs, but historically there is often a lack ...
Szczepura Ala - - 2011
Older people in long-term residential care are at increased risk of medication prescribing and administration errors. The main aim of this study was to measure the incidence of medication administration errors in nursing and residential homes using a barcode medication administration (BCMA) system. A prospective study was conducted in 13 ...
Matsuo Kulia - - 2011
The course of developing a new product from an idea is a complicated process. This paper will discuss that process, in detail, from conception to product. We approach this by first discussing what the inventor must do begin the process of developing his or her idea, and then two pathways ...
Rufolo Dennis - - 2011
Medical personnel have a proven operational and strategic role as part of Counterinsurgency (COIN) and Foreign Internal Defense (FID) operations. In addition to the traditional employment of medical assets in Medical Civic Action Programs, commanders can utilize their medical resources in a teaching and educational capacity to effectively target an ...
Curtis Jeffrey R - - 2011
Administrative claims data have not commonly been used to study the clinical effectiveness of medications for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) because of the lack of a validated algorithm for this outcome. We created and tested a claims-based algorithm to serve as a proxy for the clinical effectiveness of RA medications. We ...
Perera Yashasvi Sanja - - 2011
We evaluated the effectiveness of MEWS and biochemical parameters in predicting outcomes for acute medical admissions. Data from consecutive admissions to the Acute Medical Unit (AMU) of National Hospital of Sri Lanka were collected. C-reactive protein (CRP), albumin, whitecell count, platelet count and haemoglobin values were collected. Adverse endpoints were ...
Smith Kevin R - - 2011
Objective To investigate the views and practices of UK medical schools regarding the inclusion (or exclusion) of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in undergraduate medical curricula. Design Survey (by email) of UK medical schools offering MBBS (or equivalent) degrees. Results The overall response rate was 58.1% (18/31). All respondents indicated ...
Difrisco Eileen - - 2011
Substantial evidence documents the superiority of breastfeeding for mothers and breastmilk for babies. Although the American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Healthy People 2010 initiative promote breastfeeding, current breastfeeding rates often fall short of recommendations. This study determined factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding 2 to 4 weeks following discharge ...
Linn Annemiek J - - 2011
Since medication nonadherence is considered to be an important health risk, numerous interventions to improve adherence have been developed. During the past decade, the use of Internet-based interventions to improve medication adherence has increased rapidly. Internet interventions have the potential advantage of tailoring the interventions to the needs and situation ...
Brguljan Pika Mesko - - 2011
The practice of medical biochemistry in Slovenia includes clinical biochemistry (including toxicology, therapeutic drug monitoring, endocrinology, molecular diagnostics, immunology), hematology and coagulation. To start the vocational medical biochemistry training programme it's necessary to have a completed university degree (second cycle) in pharmacy, chemistry, biochemistry, medicine or other relevant university study ...
Maric Nadja P - - 2011
Introduction: The present study examines how, during the course of medical education, students in Serbia change their attitude and affinity towards choosing psychiatry as their future residency. Method: Medical students (MS) in the 2nd year (sophomores, n=105), and in the 5th year (seniors, n=75) of the medical school participated in ...
Shiferaw Yitayal - - 2011
Healthcare wastes contain a wide range of microorganisms among which hepatitis B virus (HBV) are the most significant pathogens. No data about the prevalence of HBV among medical waste handlers is available in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Therefore; this study was conducted to describe the prevalence of HBV infection among medical ...
Tong Alfred Yc - - 2011
One of the recommended methods for households to dispose of unused medications in many countries is to return them to community pharmacies. However, such a practice will only reduce the environmental levels of pharmaceuticals if the medications are also disposed of and destroyed properly by the pharmacies. This study reports ...
Oksanen Tuula T Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2011
While hypertension is a common and treatable health problem, adherence to antihypertensive medication remains a challenge. This study examines the hypothesis that workplace social capital may influence adherence to antihypertensive medication among hypertensive employees. We linked survey responses to nationwide pharmacy records for a cohort of 3515 hypertensive employees (mean ...
Kong Xuan - - 2011
A workshop titled "Lessons Learned from Medical Systems Development" was well attended during the 32nd Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) on 31 August 2010. Fifty-six participants attended the workshop organized by Dr. Nick Chbat (Philips Research North America) and Dr. Dorin Panescu ...
Speyer Renée - - 2011
Background: Peer assessment has been demonstrated to be an effective educational intervention for health science students. Aims: This study aims to give an overview of all instruments or questionnaires for peer assessments used in medical and allied health professional educational settings and their psychometric characteristics as described in literature. Methods: ...
Giesler Marianne M Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg, Medizinische Fakultät, Abt. für Medizinische Psychologie und Soziologie, Freiburg, - - 2011
While preparing a graduate survey for medical education in 2008 we realized that no instrument existed that would be suitable to evaluate whether the learning outcomes outlined in the Medical Licensure Act (ÄAppO) would be met. Therefore we developed the Freiburg Questionnaire to Assess Competencies in Medicine (Freiburger Fragebogen zur ...
Osborn Chandra Y CY Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-8300, USA. - - 2011
Although low health literacy and suboptimal medication adherence are more prevalent in racial/ethnic minority groups than Whites, little is known about the relationship between these factors in adults with diabetes, and whether health literacy or numeracy might explain racial/ethnic disparities in diabetes medication adherence. Previous work in HIV suggests health ...
Ngui André Ngamini - - 2011
Reducing spatial access disparities to healthcare services is a growing priority for healthcare planners especially among developed countries with aging populations. There is thus a pressing need to determine which populations do not enjoy access to healthcare, yet efforts to quantify such disparities in spatial accessibility have been hampered by ...
Sleath Betsy B The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2011
Background. Few studies have explored how providers communicate about control medications during pediatric asthma visits. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to: (a) describe the extent to which providers discuss, educate, and ask children and their caregivers questions about control medications and (b) examine how child, caregiver, and provider ...
Dowell Jon - - 2011
Background: The Personal Qualities Assessment (PQA) was developed to enhance medical student selection by measuring a range of non-cognitive attributes in the applicants to medical school. Applicants to the five Scottish medical schools were invited to pilot the test in 2001 and 2002. Aims: To evaluate the predictive validity of PQA for ...
Simonsen Bjoerg O - - 2011
Medication errors are often involved in reported adverse events. Drug therapy, prescribed by physicians, is mostly carried out by nurses, who are expected to master all aspects of medication. Research has revealed the need for improved knowledge in drug dose calculation, and medication knowledge as a whole is poorly investigated. ...
Turkeshi Eralda - - 2011
Albania is a small south-eastern European country still recovering from almost half a century of a fierce communist regime. While major reform and support have focused on healthcare and higher education (HE) in the past decade, there have not been major attempts to improve medical education. The time is now ...
Zamorano José - - 2011
Clinical guidelines now recognize the importance of a multifactorial approach to managing cardiovascular (CV) risk. This idea was taken a step further with the concept of the Polypill™. There are, however, considerable patent, pharmacokinetic, pharmacodynamic, registration, and cost implications that will need to be overcome before the Polypill™ or other ...
Olsson Inger Nordin - - 2011
Modern drugs have made large contributions to better health and quality of life. Increasing proportions of negative side effects due to extensive pharmacological treatment are however observed especially among elderly patients who have multiple health problems. The aim of our study was to see if there is an association between ...
Toole James - - 2011
This is an editorial for the inauguration of the Medical Gas Research and addresses a particular issue of using hyperbaric oxygen for stroke treatment.
Cherniack E Paul - - 2011
Lack of adherence to medications is a potential cause of hospitalizations, morbidity, and mortality in the elderly. Medication adherence decreases with polypharmacy. Older persons commonly use complementary medicine, therefore complementary medicine use might pose an increase risk of loss of medication adherence with conventional medications, but this has not been ...
Cryle Peter - - 2010
In November 1861, Dr. J. Marion Sims, an American gynecologist, named and described the syndrome of vaginismus, which linked symptoms of vaginal hypersensitivity to muscular spasm. The only rational treatment for this disorder, said Sims, was surgery. His work was taken up immediately in France, but the story of its ...
Schilling Lisa - - 2010
In 2008, Kaiser Permanente began phased implementation of a nationwide performance improvement (PI) system. The aim was to improve performance by providing consistent, highly meaningful performance measurement, increase PI skills in staff at all levels, develop organizational capabilities, and provide support for making improvements in medical centers and across regions. ...
Kumar Sameer - - 2010
An EMR system implementation would significantly reduce clinician workload and medical errors while saving the US healthcare system major expense. Yet, compared to other developed nations, the US lags behind. This article examines EMR system efforts, benefits, and barriers, as well as steps needed to move the US closer to ...
Adolfi Júnior Mário Sérgio - - 2010
To describe a management system for emergency medical coordination based on the worldwide web of computers. The emergency coordination system was developed according to an evolving software model for prototype development. Communication between users and the system was implemented by means of web technologies. The system was developed on a ...
Luk Belinda V - - 2010
The compensation and pension (C&P) process is the mechanism by which injured Veterans are assigned their medical and disability benefits. As part of the documentation and rating process performed by the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA), many Veterans need supplemental medical examinations performed by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). Improving C&P ...
Pham Julius Cuong - - 2011
The use of temporary staff in healthcare is on the rise due in part to work-force shortages and perceived cost savings. They may present an increased risk of errors from insufficient training and orientation, and less familiarity with local culture and practice. However, their impact, particularly in the emergency department ...
Schildmeyer Thom - - 2010
Billing represents one of the most critical aspects of a medical practice, impacting your revenue, cash flow, and overall financial results. Yet many physicians do not have a clear understanding of their billing performance and, more importantly, how it affects the bottom line. This article examines key areas of medical ...
Prabhu Ajita S - - 2010
The surgical residency at Maine Medical Center is the only surgical residency in Maine. Established in 1947, it presently graduates four categorical residents/year. The residency is a classic example of a "hybrid" residency, retaining the benefits of a community program in terms of large operative experience in a wide variety ...
Halpenny D - - 2010
A recent study raised concerns regarding the ability of the health professions admission test (HPAT) Ireland to improve the selection process in Irish medical schools. We aimed to establish whether performance in a mock HPAT correlated with academic success in medicine. A modified HPAT examination and a questionnaire were administered ...
Haw C - - 2010
The aim of the study was to review published studies of covert medicines administration in older people, as well as carrying out a broad review of the subject. A review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, BNI and CINAHL was conducted in order to identify studies providing quantitative or qualitative data on ...
Fareed Ayman A Department of Psychiatry, Emory University, School of Medicine/Atlanta VA Medical center, Decatur, GA 30033, USA. - - 2010
Heroin craving is a trigger for relapse and dropping out of treatment. Methadone has been the standard medication for the management of heroin craving. We explored the medication options other than methadone which may have heroin anticraving properties. To be selected for the review, articles had to include outcome measures ...
Ma Ke-Zong M - - 2010
To test the hypothesis that declining fertility would affect the number of cesarean sections (c-sections) on maternal demand, but not medically indicated c-sections. The 1996-2004 National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan for all singleton deliveries. Retrospective population-based, longitudinal study. Estimation was performed using multinomial probit models. Results revealed that ...
Rieckmann Traci - - 2010
Research has confirmed the effectiveness of medications, when used in conjunction with ongoing counseling, to treat substance abuse disorders. This article describes a national, mixed-methods research project designed to investigate single state authorities' (SSAs) perceptions of adoption of evidence-based practices in substance abuse treatment. Results are focused specifically on medication-assisted ...
Lingeswaran Anand - - 2010
Psychiatry is given very less importance in the Indian undergraduate medical curriculum and this affects the attitudes of students toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients. To study the attitude of undergraduate medical students and interns toward psychiatry and mentally ill patients. Undergraduate medical students and interns of a private medical ...
Deweber Kevin - - 2010
Sports and other activities at high altitude are popular, yet they pose the unique risk for high-altitude illness (HAI). Once those who have suffered from a HAI recover, they commonly desire or need to perform the same activity at altitude in the immediate or distant future. As based on key ...
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