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Results 451 - 500 of 705
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Weyers Wolfgang - - 2011
Otto Schrön was a German histologist of the mid-19th century who spent most of his life in Italy where he was full professor of pathologic anatomy at the University of Naples. Already as a medical student, he participated in studies by Carl Thiersch that proved the epithelial origin of cancer. ...
Brown Melissa M - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the direct medical cost perspective versus the societal cost perspective associated with a vitreoretinal intervention. RECENT FINDINGS: Most insurers, physicians, hospital administrators, legislators and the general public refer to direct medical costs when assessing the costs associated with healthcare interventions. The direct medical cost perspective, ...
Hammond Laca Wong - - 2011
The following are four ways healthcare organizations are fulfilling their medical real estate needs in an era of change: Real estate monetization. Renovation of existing facilities. A careful focus on containing materials costs. Joint ventures with real estate organizations.
Goodman Steven - - 2011
As a clinical trialist, I had thought that the methods I employed were far more challenging than those I had thought were needed for quality improvement. However, some personal experiences and participation in the Cliveden conference led me to a new appreciation of the methodological and conceptual challenges faced by ...
Robin Bernard R - - 2011
As part of an international faculty development conference in February 2010, a working group of medical educators and physicians discussed the changing role of instructional technologies and made recommendations for supporting faculty in using these technologies in medical education. The resulting discussion highlighted ways technology is transforming the entire process ...
Hasan Sharique - - 2011
Evidence suggests that the medication lists of patients are often incomplete and could negatively affect patient outcomes. In this article, the authors propose the application of collaborative filtering methods to the medication reconciliation task. Given a current medication list for a patient, the authors employ collaborative filtering approaches to predict ...
Zhang Li - - 2011
Intravascular catheters (IVCs) are the most frequently used medical devices in hospitals. However, they are associated with life-threatening IVC-related bloodstream infection (IVC-BSI), which is one of the main hospital-acquired infections, and continue to be associated with morbidity, mortality and additional medical cost. Most published studies focus on measuring the rate ...
Khajouei R - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To study the satisfaction of end-users of a computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system concerning ease of use and the effect on users' workflow, efficiency, and medication safety and to seek users' opinions regarding required improvements of the system. Usability evaluation had shown that this system, which was in ...
Ho Chao Chung - - 2011
Ever since Taiwan's National Health Insurance implemented the diagnosis-related groups payment system in January 2010, hospital income has declined. Therefore, to meet their medical waste disposal needs, hospitals seek suppliers that provide high-quality services at a low cost. The enactment of the Waste Disposal Act in 1974 had facilitated some ...
Vanier Antoine - - 2011
<p>Inappropriate prescribing in elderly is considered as common (40% of subjects from community from the 3CStudy in France had a inappropriate prescription, using Beer's criteria), and can lead to severe issues. Few studies have assessed inappropriate prescribing for elderly inpatients in acute care, with multiple tools. Our study was designed ...
Rumack Carol Masters - - 2011
American Diagnostic Radiology Residency and Fellowship programmes are Graduate Medical Education programmes in the United States (US) equivalent to the Postgraduate Medical Education programmes in Singapore. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) accredited diagnostic radiology residency programmes require 5 years total with Post Graduate Year (PGY) 1 year internship ...
Waldman H Barry - - 2011
To bring attention to the fact that repeated emphasis on the worldwide increasing number of elderly, with only a passing reference to the magnitude and consequences of the hundreds of millions of elderly with disabilities, neglects to consider the associated burgeoning human and financial costs.
Saereeporncharenkul Kasem - - 2011
College of Medicine, Rangsit University (RSU), is the only private medical school in Thailand. RSU College of Medicine recruiting method includes the examination together with state's medical schools and its own examination. The study aims to compare number of students in each group who passed, as required in the curriculum, ...
Souza Layz Alves Ferreira LA Faculdade de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Goiás, GO, - - 2011
This study investigates the prevalence of self-medication among undergraduate nursing students seeking to relieve pain and characterizes the pain and relief obtained through the used medication. This epidemiological and cross-sectional study was carried out with 211 nursing students from a public university in Goiás, GO, Brazil. A numerical scale (0-10) ...
de Decker Laure - - 2011
Persistence and adherence describe complementary aspects of the medication. Persistence is defined as the duration of treatment intake, and compliance as the quality of drug intake in all its dimensions (dosage, frequency, regularity, duration). Their respect is to improve the benefit-risk medication. The prescription must be accompanied in the elderly ...
Sandars John - - 2011
The present economic climate has sharply focussed the minds of all medical education providers on how they can provide effective teaching and learning at a lower cost. Technology can appear to offer an exciting opportunity to achieve this aim but there are two important considerations. The first question is: can ...
Jovic Olga S - - 2011
The content of this work is conceived on the research of the consequences of surrogate motherhood as a process of assisted procreation, which represent a way of parenthood in cases when it is not possible to realize parenthood through a natural way. Surrogate motherhood is a process in which a ...
Singer Andrew C - - 2011
The global public health community has closely monitored the unfolding of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic to best mitigate its impact on society. However, little attention has been given to the impact of this response on the environment. Antivirals and antibiotics prescribed to treat influenza are excreted into wastewater in ...
Poulakou-Rebelakou E - - 2011
After the Greek Independence (1830), the first King, Otto from the Wittelsbach dynasty (Bayer), was married to Amelia from the House of Oldenburg (1836). Their failure to produce an heir to the throne, eagerly expected by the people, contributed much to their abdication in 1862, as an additional factor at ...
Neyaz Y - - 2011
Identifying the indicators of good quality medication prescribing assists physicians in preventing medication errors. This study in Riyadh city aimed to examine the relationship between physicians' self-reported influences on prescribing and the quality of their prescribing, defined as the completeness and accuracy of their prescription documentation. A sample of 600 ...
Klink Thomas - - 2011
PURPOSE: Aim of the study was to assess the development of filtering blebs after canaloplasty. METHODS: Twenty eyes of 20 consecutive patients receiving canaloplasty were included. All eyes were examined clinically (slit lamp), and by anterior segment optical coherence tomography and high-frequency ultrasound biomicroscopy to detect filtering blebs. Preoperative and ...
Najarian S - - 2011
Although robotics was started as a form of entertainment, it gradually became used in different branches of science. Medicine, particularly in the operating room, has been influenced significantly by this field. Robotic technologies have offered valuable enhancements to medical or surgical processes through improved precision, stability and dexterity. In this ...
Woldetsadik Mulatu A - - 2011
Increasing access to safe abortion services is the most effective way of preventing the burden of unsafe abortion, which is achieved by increasing safe choices for pregnancy termination. Medical abortion for termination of early abortion is said to safe, effective, and acceptable to women in several countries. In Ethiopia, however, ...
Ochsmann Elke B - - 2011
Apart from objective exam results, the overall feeling of preparedness is important for a successful transition process from being a student to becoming a qualified doctor. This study examines the association between self-assessed deficits in medical skills and knowledge and the feeling of preparedness of junior doctors in order to ...
Alam Mazhar Faiz - - 2011
We investigated the frequency of Metabolic Syndrome and evaluated the level of awareness about this condition in medical community (healthcare workers) of Bahawalpur, Pakistan. It was a cross-sectional study. It was carried out over a period of one year (June 2008 to May 2009). The following institutions took part in ...
Hemmer Paul A - - 2011
As we mark the 100th anniversary of the Flexner report which revolutionized the process of medical education, there is again concern that we face a critical need for change in the process of medical education in order to meet the needs of learners, teachers, and patients. In this symposium, panelists ...
Tayo Bamidele O - - 2011
The rapid progress currently being made in genomic science has created interest in potential clinical applications; however, formal translational research has been limited thus far. Studies of population genetics have demonstrated substantial variation in allele frequencies and haplotype structure at loci of medical relevance and the genetic background of patient ...
Wambura Mwita - - 2011
Data from traditionally circumcising communities show that non-circumcised males and those circumcised in the medical settings are stigmatised. This is because traditional circumcision embodies local notions of bravery as anaesthetics are not used. This study was conducted to assess the acceptability of safe medical circumcision before the onset of sexual ...
Lindgren Stefan - - 2011
Undergraduate medical education in Sweden has moved from nationally regulated, subject-based courses to programmes integrated either around organ systems or physiological and patho-physiological processes, or organised around basic medical science in conjunction with clinical specialities, with individual profiles at the seven medical schools. The national regulations are restricted to overall ...
Drew Christian M - - 2011
Abstract Drew, Christian M. Shane Colleran, Maarten Zijp, Lama Phuri Lama, Nuru J. Sherpa, Julia L. Kelly, Nina Sulzbach, Denise Prior, Sally A. Currin, Simon Currin, Annabel H. Nickol, and Mary J. Morrell. Preparation and medical outcomes of Nepalese staff and poerters compared with foreign nationals on the Annapurna trekking ...
Nair Kavita V - - 2011
Although hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, adherence to hypertensive medications is low. Previous research identifying factors influencing adherence has focused primarily on broad, population-based approaches. Identifying specific barriers for an individual is more useful in designing meaningful targeted interventions. Using customized telephonic outreach, we examined specific ...
Liebhardt Hubert H Universitätsklinikum Ulm, Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie/Psychotherapie, Ulm, - - 2011
The Ulm pilot study aimed to explore factors for a successful combination of medical education and starting a family. The empirical data derived from this study constitutes the foundation for an evidence-based reform of the medical curriculum in Ulm. In 2009, qualitative interviews with 37 of the 79 medical students ...
Tung Joyce Y - - 2011
While the cost and speed of generating genomic data have come down dramatically in recent years, the slow pace of collecting medical data for large cohorts continues to hamper genetic research. Here we evaluate a novel online framework for obtaining large amounts of medical information from a recontactable cohort by ...
Humbert Aloysius J - - 2011
Background: The Script Concordance test (SCT) measures clinical reasoning in the context of uncertainty by comparing the responses of examinees and expert clinicians. It uses the level of agreement with a panel of experts to assign credit for the examinee's answers. Aim: This study describes the development and validation of ...
Gibbs Trevor - - 2011
As new developments in medical education move inexorably forward, medical schools are being encouraged to revisit their curricula to ensure quality graduates and match their outcomes against defined standards. These standards may eventually be transferred into global accreditation standards, which allow 'safe passage' of graduates from one country to another ...
Connell John - - 2011
Access to health care in developing countries, the main destinations of medical tourists, is notoriously uneven, and often becoming more so. Medical tourism, urban bias and privatisation have combined to exacerbate this trend. This is exemplified in both Thailand and India, where regional areas have been disadvantaged by the migration ...
Oksuzyan Anna - - 2011
Background. The study aimed to examine sex differences in healthcare use before and after widowhood to investigate whether reduced healthcare use among widowers compared with widows may partially explain excess mortality and more adverse health outcomes among men than women after spousal loss. Methods. All individuals alive and aged at ...
Stankūnienė Aurima - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE. Accessibility to medications among the elderly is a source of concern in Lithuania and beyond. However, there are no studies carried out on this topic in Lithuania. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the causes of refraining from buying prescribed medications among the elderly ...
Lindgren Stefan - - 2011
Medical doctors constitute a profession which embraces trust from and accountability to society. This responsibility extends to all medical educational institutions. Social accountability of medical education means a willingness and ability to adjust to the needs of patients and health care systems both nationally and globally. But it also implies ...
Rodriguez Daniel - - 2011
Rural residents are less likely to obtain optimal care for many serious conditions and have poorer health outcomes than those residing in more urban areas. We determined whether rural vs urban residence affected postdischarge medication persistence and 1 year outcomes after stroke. The Adherence eValuation After Ischemic Stroke-Longitudinal (AVAIL) study ...
Lee Cik Yin - - 2011
The majority of retirement village residents are at risk of medication misadventure. In a recent survey of retirement village residents in Victoria, two-thirds had at least one medication-related risk factor, and hence were eligible to receive a government-subsidised Home Medicines Review (HMR). However, only 6% of eligible residents had received ...
Maclellan Deborah - - 2011
Purpose: Dietitian and consumer perspectives on nutrition education needs and preferences were explored, as these relate to health status Methods: Phases 1 and 2 of a three-phase, mixed-methods study are reported. Phase 1 was a national online survey of dietitians, which was designed to inform the development of a consumer ...
Barbosa Joselina - - 2011
A global effort has been made in the last years to establish a set of core competences that define the essential professional competence of a physician. Regardless of the environment, culture or medical education conditions, a set of core competences is required for medical practice worldwide. Evaluation of educational program ...
Skórczewski Krzysztof - - 2011
The organization and implementation of anti-epidemic support in the Polish Armed Forces carrying out mandatory tasks in theatres of military operations poses a difficult and imperceptible problem in the field of medical assistance of military contingents. One of the operative instruments designed for limitation of the spread of infectious diseases ...
Glisson James K - - 2011
Illegible physician signatures in patient records can lead to inaccurate documentation, improper billing, and potential legal issues. Many studies in the current literature address legibility of prescriptions and medication orders; however, few focus on legibility of physicians' signatures. The purpose of the present quality improvement survey was to evaluate physician ...
Quince Thelma A - - 2011
Empathy is important to patient care. The prevailing view is that empathy declines during university medical education. The significance of that decline has been debated.This paper reports the findings in respect of two questions relating to university medical education: 1. Do men and women medical students differ in empathy? 2. ...
Moraes Augusto César Ferreira de - - 2011
To estimate the prevalence of medicine use among high school students (14-18 years old) living in an urban area in Southern Brazil and the proportion who self-medicate and to explore the association between medicine use and demographic, socioeconomic, and behavioral variables. A school-based survey was conducted among high school students ...
Field Michael J - - 2011
The Australian Medical Council (AMC) is an independent company for quality assurance and quality improvement in medical education in Australia and New Zealand. Accreditation procedures for the 20 medical schools in these two countries are somewhat different for three different circumstances or stages of school development: existing medical schools, established ...
Fernandez Senaida - - 2011
Effectiveness of combined physician and patient-level interventions for blood pressure (BP) control in low-income, hypertensive African Americans with multiple co-morbid conditions remains largely untested in community-based primary care practices. Demographic, clinical, psychosocial, and behavioral characteristics of participants in the Counseling African American to Control Hypertension (CAATCH) Trial are described. CAATCH ...
Jones Peter D - - 2011
In 2008, The University of Queensland (UQ) in Australia and the Ochsner Health System (OHS) in Louisiana entered into a partnership that will allow a cohort of United States (US) citizens to enroll in an Australian medical degree program in which students will study for their first 2 years of medical ...
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