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Svenaeus Fredrik F Department of Philosophy, Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge, Södertörn University, 141 89, Huddinge, Sweden, - - 2014
Empathy is a thing constantly asked for and stressed as a central skill and character trait of the good physician and nurse. To be a good doctor or a good nurse one needs to be empathic-one needs to be able to feel and understand the needs and wishes of patients ...
Cherry M Gemma MG Division of Clinical Psychology, Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, - - 2014
Emotional intelligence (EI) is a term used to describe people's awareness of, and ability to respond to, emotions in themselves and other people. There is increasing research evidence that doctors' EI influences their ability to deliver safe and compassionate health care, a particularly pertinent issue in the current health care ...
Pusic Martin V MV Department of Emergency Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, - - 2014
Most medical procedures have a time element. It is uncommon, however, to explicitly use chronometry, the measurement of time, in the learning of these procedures. This study considered whether instructional designs that include chronometry could improve deliberate practice and be used in meaningful formative assessments. A selective review of the ...
Wong Anne A Department of Anesthesia, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
Professional identity formation plays a crucial role in the transition from medical student to doctor. At McMaster University, medical students maintain a portfolio of narrative reflections of their experiences, which provides for a rich source of data into their professional development. The purpose of this study was to understand the ...
Kern Kristine A KA Kristine A. Kern, Pharm.D., is Clinical Pharmacy Specialist, Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI. James S. Kalus, Pharm.D., BCPS (AQ-Infectious Diseases), is Senior Manager, Department of Pharmacy Services, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI. Colleen Bush, B.S., PRC, is Manager, Market Research; and David Chen, B.S.Pharm., M.B.A., is Director, Pharmacy Practice Sections and Section of Pharmacy Practice Managers, American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Bethesda, MD. Edward G. Szandzik, B.S.Pharm., M.B.A., is Director, Department of Pharmacy Services; and Nadia Z. Haque, Pharm.D., M.H.S.A., BCPS, is Pharmacy Manager, Department of Pharmacy Services, Henry Ford - - 2014
A national survey was conducted to assess pharmacist roles in transition-of-care (TOC) activities in the United States. An online survey was sent to 1246 pharmacy directors who were members of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists to assess their involvement in TOC activities including medication reconciliation, admission histories, medication counseling, ...
Zhang Zezhong Z North China University of Water Conservancy & Electric Power, Zhengzhou, China, - - 2014
Medication errors are very dangerous even fatal since it could cause serious even fatal harm to patients. In order to reduce medication errors, automated patient medication systems using the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology have been used in many hospitals. The data transmitted in those medication systems is very important ...
Steinberg David D Lahey Clinic, - - 2014
In the months before the Presidential Election of November 1944, there were serious concerns about the health of President Franklin D Roosevelt. He had lost considerable weight and his once robust appearance had given way to a tired and haggard look. Despite these worrisome observations, Vice-Admiral Ross T McIntire, who ...
Bonacina S S Stefano Bonacina, eHealthLAB - Laboratorio di Informatica BioMedica e Sanità Digitale DEIB, Dipartimento di Elettronica, Informazione e Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133 Milano, - - 2014
Objectives: The huge amount of released medical apps prevents medical app users from believing that medical scientific societies and other accreditation bodies as well, have the resources and the power for assigning to any medical app a quality score. By the time being, any medical app user has to take ...
Qiao Yu Qi - - 2014
Educators continue to search for better strategies for medical education. Although the unifying theme of reforms was "increasing interest in, attention to, and understanding of the knowledge base structures", it is difficult to achieve all these aspects via a single type of instruction. We used related key words to search ...
Cuesta-Briand Beatriz - - 2014
The importance of professional behaviour has been emphasized in medical school curricula. However, the lack of consensus on what constitutes professionalism poses a challenge to medical educators, who often resort to a negative model of assessment based on the identification of unacceptable behaviour. This paper presents results from a study ...
Naveh Eitan E Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management, Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, 32000, Haifa, Israel, - - 2014
Resident physicians' clinical training poses unique challenges for the delivery of safe patient care. Residents face special risks of involvement in medical errors since they have tremendous responsibility for patient care, yet they are novice practitioners in the process of learning and mastering their profession. The present study explores the ...
Padela Aasim I - - 2014
Contemporary clinical ethics was founded on principlism, and the four principles: respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice, remain dominant in medical ethics discourse and practice. These principles are held to be expansive enough to provide the basis for the ethical practice of medicine across cultures. Although principlism remains subject ...
Ferguson Julie - - 2014
Multisource feedback (MSF) is currently being introduced in the UK as part of a cycle of performance review for doctors. However, although it is suggested that the provision of feedback can lead to a positive change in performance and learning for medical professionals, the evidence supporting these assumptions is unclear. ...
Papavasiliou Evangelia Evie EE 1International Observatory on End of Life Care, Lancaster University, Lancaster, - - 2014
Background:Research on continuous deep sedation until death has focused on estimating prevalence and describing clinical practice across care settings. However, evidence on sedation practices by physician specialty is scarce.Aims:To compare and contrast physician-reported practices on continuous deep sedation until death between general practitioners and medical specialists.Design/participants:A secondary analysis drawing upon ...
Risso-Gill Isabelle I 1 London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, - - 2014
/st>This paper explores how medical regulatory bodies in nine European countries manage professional issues involving quality and patient safety, to build on limited existing information on procedures for regulating medical professionals in Europe. /st>Twelve vignettes describing scenarios of concerns about standards of physicians were developed, covering clinical, criminal and administrative ...
Swetz Keith M KM Department of Medicine, Section of Palliative Medicine and Biomedical Ethics Program, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2014
The term medical futility is frequently used when discussing complex clinical scenarios and throughout the medical, legal, and ethics literature. However, we propose that health care professionals and others often use this term inaccurately and imprecisely, without fully appreciating the powerful, often visceral, response that the term can evoke. This ...
Menezes de Pádua Cristiane A CA Department of Social Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Avenida Antônio Carlos 6627, Pampulha, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil, - - 2014
Although not designed for research purposes, medical charts can be a unique source for obtaining information on long-term adverse drug reactions. This study aimed to assess the availability of key information on paper-based patient medical records needed to detect long-term adverse reactions to antiretroviral therapy (ART). This is an ongoing ...
Ecks Stefan S Social Anthropology, School of Social & Political Sciences, University of Edinburgh, CMB, George Square, Edinburgh, EH8 9LD, UK, - - 2014
In India, psychopharmaceuticals have seeped deep into both formal and informal pharmaceutical markets, and unlicensed "quack" doctors have become ready prescribers of psychotropics. These ethnographic insights trouble policies that aim at closing the treatment gap for psychiatric medications by "task shifting" to low-skilled health workers as if medications were exclusively ...
Bauer Amy M AM Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 NE Pacific Street, Box 356560, Seattle, WA, 98195-6560, USA, - - 2014
Depression and adherence to antidepressant treatment are important clinical concerns in diabetes care. While patient-provider communication patterns have been associated with adherence for cardiometabolic medications, it is unknown whether interpersonal aspects of care impact antidepressant medication adherence. To determine whether shared decision-making, patient-provider trust, or communication are associated with early ...
Uzun Metin - - 2014
Medical photography is used clinically for patient evaluation, treatment decisions, and scientific documentation. Although standards for medical photography exist in many branches of medicine, we have not encountered such criteria in publications in the area of orthopedics.Purpose: This study aims to (1) assess the quality of medical images used in ...
Retamero Carolina C Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Einstein Healthcare Network, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use and reception of the movie The Bridge as complementary to the suicide curriculum of medical students. One hundred eighty second-year medical students watched The Bridge as a part of the neuroscience curriculum in understanding suicide. They completed a pre- and ...
Farina Emily K - - 2014
Information on patterns of concomitant dietary supplement (DS) and prescription medication (PM) use among US adults is limited. Thus, the prevalence of concomitant DS and PM use as a function of doctor-informed medical conditions (DIMC) was determined in a cross-sectional, observational study of a nationally representative sample of noninstitutionalized, civilian ...
Rodríguez-Borja Enrique E Laboratory of Biochemistry, Hospital Clínico Universitario Valencia, Valencia, - - 2014
Traditionally, laboratories' turnaround times (TAT) have been calculated by only considering analytical or intralaboratory steps. The measure of the postanalytical impact in TAT has barely been studied and, more specifically, the running time from when finalised results are available to when clinicians make their first enquiry with an electronic medical ...
Grierson Lawrence E M LE Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, McMaster Innovation Park, 175 Longwood Rd. S., Suite 201A, Hamilton, ON, L8P 0A1, Canada, - - 2014
Much has been made in the recent medical education literature of the incorrect characterization of simulation along a continuum of low to high fidelity (Cook et al. JAMA 306(9): 978-988, 2011; Norman et al. Med Educ 46(7): 636-647, 2012; Teteris et al. Adv Health Sci Educ 17(1): 137-144, 2012). For ...
Kim Hun-Sung HS 1 Division of Biomedical Informatics, Systems Biomedical Informatics Research Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine , Seoul, - - 2014
Abstract Background: Cellular phones enable communication between healthcare providers and patients for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases. However, few studies have examined the user-friendliness or effectiveness of cellular phone-based medical informatics (CPBMI) for healthcare. Materials and Methods: This study investigated the use of CPBMI to identify its current status ...
Fiks Alexander G AG Pediatric Research Consortium (PeRC) (Drs Fiks and Grundmeier), Center for Biomedical Informatics (Drs Fiks and Grundmeier and Mr Karavite), PolicyLab (Dr Fiks and Mss Mayne and DeBartolo), and The Center for Pediatric Clinical Effectiveness (Dr Fiks and Mss Mayne and DeBartolo), The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (Drs Fiks and - - 2014
We describe the user-centered development of an electronic medical record-based portal, "MyAsthma," designed to facilitate shared decision making in pediatric asthma. Interviews and focus groups with 7 parents of children with asthma and 51 clinical team members elicited 2 overarching requirements: that the portal should support sustained communication and ensure ...
Hall Allyson A Department of Health Services Research, Management, and Policy, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, Gainesville (Dr Hall and Ms Tamayo-Friedel); and Community Health and Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Florida, Jacksonville (Dr - - 2014
This study describes how 4 primary care practices deliver components of the patient-centered medical home (PCMH) model. Interviews with administrators and clinicians were conducted and analyzed. All practices had achieved National Committee for Quality Assurance Level 3 Medical Home Accreditation. Yet, the manner in which some of the core PCMH ...
Bozinoff Nikki N Michael G DeGroote School of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, - - 2014
An increasing number of medical students are engaging in international medical electives, the majority of which involve travel from northern, higher-income countries to southern, lower-income countries. Existing research has identified benefits to students participating in these experiences. However, reports on the impacts on host communities are largely absent from the ...
Jones Michael P MP Psychology Department, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia; Centre of Excellence in Rural and Remote Primary Health Care, School of Rural Health, Monash University, Bendigo, Victoria, - - 2014
Medical school curricula remain one of the key levers in increasing the future supply of rural doctors. Data from Australia and overseas have suggested exposure to rural practice via rural placements during basic medical training is positively associated with graduates becoming rural doctors. However, previous studies have suffered from serious ...
Al-Eraky Mohamed M MM University of Dammam , Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Medical professionalism has been described as a set of attributes and behaviors, yet the Western frameworks of medical professionalism may not resonate with the cultural values of non-Western countries. Aim: This study aims to formulate a professionalism framework for healthcare providers as interpreted by local medical professionals in ...
Lebrun C C University of Alberta, Edmonton, - - 2014
It is critical that physicians understand concussion management. Identify practice patterns/knowledge base in two physician populations. On-line survey. Ontario, Canada. Physicians from Sections: Sport and Exercise Medicine (SEM), General and Family Practice (SGFP). Emailed survey, 2 reminders. Practice patterns/knowledge base, learning methods: current/preferred. Participants: SEM 92/594 (15.5%), SGFP 270/12,168 (2.2%); ...
Allen Timothy Craig TC Dept of Pathology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, 301 University Blvd, Galveston, TX - - 2014
Objectives: This study examines whether the assumptions that pathologists understand the medical malpractice negligence rule and have a clear single standard of care are reasonable. Methods: Two hundred eighty-one Texas academic pathologists and trainees were presented 10 actual pathology malpractice cases from publicly available sources, representing the tort system's signal. ...
Soar Susanna S Health Experiences Research Group, University of Oxford, - - 2014
Design of the undergraduate and postgraduate medical curriculum is traditionally the task of medical professionals and educationalists, with regulating bodies approving curriculum content. Although this should ensure a thorough approach to a medical model of the curriculum, it may overlook the importance of the patient's perspective in medical education. The ...
Rodgers Delores J DJ BS, Division of Continuing Medical Education, AOA Department of Education, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. - - 2014
The author provides an update on the current continuing medical education (CME) cycle, which began on January 1, 2013, and will end on December 31, 2015. The author also highlights changes to the CME process and the re-engineering of the CME program for the current cycle. Topic areas include recent ...
Sunaryo Peter L PL Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the credentials of urologists choosing to testify as expert witnesses. As health care reform has become an increasingly important topic in national debate, medical malpractice and related issues have come to the forefront of topics for discussion by the medical community. Physicians are often recruited to testify as ...
Messali Andrew A Allergan, Inc., 2525 Dupont Dr., Irvine, CA 92612-1959, USA. - - 2014
Background: 23 million Americans suffer from migraine headaches, incurring more than $1 billion in direct medical costs each year (with another $13 billion in indirect productivity losses). Triptans are the most common treatment of choice for these patients; however, adherence and persistence to triptans are poor. Partly due to poor ...
Chorney Michael A MA Department of Neurological Surgery, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New - - 2014
Craniotomies are among the oldest neurosurgical procedures, as evidenced by early human skulls discovered with holes in the calvaria. Though devices change, the principles to safely transgress the skull are identical. Modern neurosurgeons regularly use electric power drills in the operating theater; however, nonelectric trephining instruments remain trusted by professionals ...
Leveque Dominique D Hôpital Hautepierre, avenue Molière, France. - - 2014
Clinical pharmacy (or clinical pharmacy services) aims to contribute to safe medication use by providing comprehensive management to patients and medical staff, both in the community and the hospital. In oncology, these services include comprehensive medication reviews integrating chemotherapy, supportive care and ambulatory treatment for co-morbidities, medication information for the ...
Carroll Megan M Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, - - 2014
Objective: To (a) characterise medication use and knowledge, according to Indigenous status, and (b) identify independent correlates of medication knowledge in a sample of adult prisoners. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of 1,231 adult prisoners in Queensland, interviewed within six weeks of release. Measures included self-reported demographic and health-related characteristics, self-reported use ...
De Vera Mary A MA University of British Columbia Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Arthritis Research Centre of Canada, Richmond, BC, - - 2014
Objective: Recent data suggesting the growing problem of medication non-adherence in gout has called for the need to synthesize the burden, determinants, and impacts of the problem. Our objective was to a conduct a systematic review of the literature examining medication adherence among patients with gout in real-world settings. Methods: ...
Park Linda G LG Division of Geriatrics, University of California, San Francisco VA Medical Center, California, - - 2014
To evaluate the characteristics and efficacy of mobile phone interventions to improve medication adherence. Secondary aims are to explore participants' acceptability and satisfaction with mobile phone interventions and to evaluate the selected studies in terms of study rigour, impact, cost and resource feasibility, generalizability and implications for nursing practice and ...
Cantwell John Davis JD Piedmont Heart Institute, Atlanta, - - 2014
In a medical mission to Cambodia, our team of doctors, dentists, and nurses saw over 1000 patients during 4 days of clinics. The most common cardiovascular problems were hypertension (11%) and heart murmurs (3%). Obesity and a history of diabetes were very rare. Unlike the cardiac patients I typically see ...
Sharma Mohna M MBBS, FRACGP, MPH MBChB MPH FRACGP, General Practitioner and Lecturer - General Practice Placement Support, Department of General Practice, University of Sydney, - - 2014
This study aimed to explore the reasons prompting Australian parents to seek medical advice for their sick children, and to define the factors influencing their decision. International data suggest non-clinical reasons for general practitioner (GP) visits. Twenty-two parents from eight general practices were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire while they ...
Pandya Sunil K SK Jaslok Hospital and Medical Centre, Dr GV Deshmukh Marg, Mumbai 400 026. - - 2014
The Medical Council of India (MCI) is modelled on the General Medical Council of the United Kingdom. The latter agency is intended to subserve crucial functions.
Janakiram Chandrashekar C Bioethics, Amrita School of Dentistry, Cochin. - - 2014
Background: Conventional medical training offers students little help in resolving the ethical dilemmas they will encounter as healthcare professionals.
Ghaffari Farzaneh F School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.f_ghaffari@sbmu.ac.ir; - - 2014
Abul-Hasan al-Tabari was a 10th century Persian physician born in Tabaristan. He was a creative and innovative physician who avoided emulating treatments without investigating and examining them. Tabari was an encyclopedist and had a holistic view to medicine. Investigation of the views of this great Persian scholar indicated that his ...
Bezner Stephanie K SK Department of Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, - - 2014
In 2000, we described the variability of pediatric surgical information on the Internet. Since then, online videos have become an increasingly popular medium for education and personal expression. The purpose of this study was to examine the content and quality of videos related to pediatric surgical diagnoses on the Internet. ...
Witman Yolande Y Postgraduate School in Organization Studies and Change Management, Sioo, Utrecht, the Netherlands, - - 2014
Medical students and junior doctors learn according to the formal curriculum, but they also learn unwritten rules, the specific logic of the medical world, through a socialization process called 'the hidden curriculum'. The result of the process seems to be an exclusive professional identity, the medical habitus. This article underlines ...
Jungfer Hermann-Alexander HA Universitäre Psychiatrische Kliniken Basel, Wilhelm Klein-Str. 27, CH-4012 Basel, Switzerland; Universitätsklinikum Hamburg-Eppendorf, Martinistr. 52, D-20246 Hamburg, - - 2014
Change of treatment policy from closed to open ward settings has been shown to reduce coercive measures. The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of the change from closed to open wards on the frequency of seclusion and forced medication in a hospital-wide setting. 2-year, longitudinal ...
Weston Kathryn M KM Graduate School of Medicine, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, - - 2014
All senior medical students at the University of Wollongong undertake a longitudinal integrated community-based clerkship, supervised by experienced general practitioners in a regional or rural community. This study investigates the influence of the longitudinal integrated clerkship model of medical education on scholarship among preceptors in these practice communities. General practitioner ...
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