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Francis J J Department of Anaesthetics, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, - - 2014
In 153 AD, the Roman physician Scribonius Largus identified that electric current had analgesic properties, instructing patients to stand on an electric ray for the treatment of gout. In 2014, transcranial magnetic stimulation was approved by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence for the treatment of migraine. Although ...
Schmidt Stacy L SL Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism & Diabetes, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, 12348 E. Montview Blvd, Aurora, CO, 80045, - - 2014
A survey of obesity medicine specialists was conducted before the approval of new obesity medications in 2012. An Internet survey was sent to obesity medicine specialists inquiring about their practice and prescribing habits. Twenty-five percent of 1992 obesity medicine specialists responded. They used stimulant obesity medication for longer and at ...
Gonen O M OM Department of Neurology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin, - - 2014
Up to one-third of individuals diagnosed as having epilepsy continue to have seizures despite appropriate anti-epileptic drug treatment. These patients are often referred for presurgical evaluation, and many are rejected from focal resective surgery due to medical reasons or, alternatively, they choose not to undergo it. We compared the outcomes ...
Stark James F JF University of Leeds, School of Philosophy, Religion and History of Science, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, - - 2014
Although historians have shown that there has been a complex and multi-layered relationship between the body, medicine and the force of electricity, many avenues remain to be explored. One of the most prominent of these is the way in which electrotherapy technologies were marketed to a wide variety of different ...
Jalbert Jessica J - - 2014
Medical devices play a vital role in diagnosing, treating, and preventing diseases and are an integral part of the health-care system. Many devices, including implantable medical devices, enter the market through a regulatory pathway that was not designed to assure safety and effectiveness. Several recent studies and high-profile device recalls ...
Ford Jason A JA Department of Sociology University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current research examines whether measures associated with Akers' social learning theory are related to non-medical use of prescription stimulants for academic reasons among college students. We examine data from a sample of 549 undergraduate students at one public university in the Southeastern United States. We estimate several logistic regression ...
Chen Chin-Ling CL Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Chaoyang University of Technology, Taichung, 41349, Taiwan, Republic of China, - - 2014
In recent years, health care technologies already became matured such as electronic medical records that can be easily stored. However, how to get medical resources more convenient is currently concern issue. In spite of many literatures discussed about medical systems, but these literatures should face many security challenges. The most ...
Beran Tanya N TN Department of Community Health Sciences, Medical Education Specialization, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Given that a significant portion of medical education occurs in various social settings (small groups, large classes, clinical environments), it is critical to examine how group members interact. One type of influence on these interactions is conformity, whereby an individual changes his or her own behaviour to match incorrect responses ...
Duvivier Robbert J RJ Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
That few data are available on the characteristics of medical schools or on trends within medical education internationally constitutes a major challenge when developing strategies to address physician workforce shortages. Quality and up-to-date information is needed to improve health and education policy planning. We used publicly available data from the ...
Barbaresi William J WJ *Department of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, Division of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics; †Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Clinical Epidemiology; ‡Department of Psychiatry and Psychology; and §Department of Health Sciences Research, Division of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, - - 2014
: The purpose of this study was to offer detailed information about stimulant medication treatment provided throughout childhood to 379 children with research-identified attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in the 1976-1982 Rochester, MN, birth cohort. Subjects were retrospectively followed from birth until a mean of 17.2 years of age. The complete ...
Ferguson Benjamin D BD Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA, - - 2014
Podcasting in medical education is becoming more widely used and may be a useful tool for communicating with applicants to medical school. Given recent trends in the popularity of podcasting and mobile media, we created a podcast to communicate more effectively with applicants to our medical school as well as ...
Woods Majka - - 2014
Traditionally, changes to medical education come from the top down, an approach that potentially misses important contributions from medical students, residents, faculty and staff. In order to provide an avenue for them to bring forward their ideas for educational improvements, the University of Minnesota Medical School sponsored the "What's the ...
Tangso Kristian J - - 2014
Conventional dosage forms such as tablets, capsules and syrupsare prescribed in the normal course of practice. However, concerns about patient preferences and market demands have given rise to the exploration of novel unconventional dosage forms. Among these, confectionery-based dose forms have strong potential to overcome compliance problems. This report will ...
Marquis Julien J Community Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, - - 2014
Background Medication adherence has been identified as an important factor for clinical success. Twenty-four Swiss community pharmacists participated in the implementation of an adherence support programme for patients with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and/or dyslipidemia. The programme combined tailored consultations with patients about medication taking (expected at an average of one ...
Lafay V V Centre cardio-vasculaire Saint-Antoine, hôpital Saint-Joseph, Marseille, - - 2014
Hypertension has now become very prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, in part due to the region's epidemiologic transition. Its long asymptomatic onset explains its late recognition and thus the high frequency of complications. Sociocultural conditions play an important role in the genesis of the disease in this region and in the ...
Ständer Sonja S Department of Dermatology, Competence Center Chronic Pruritus, University Hospital of Münster, Von-Esmarch-Str. 58, DE-48149 Münster, Germany. - - 2014
The complex nature and difficult-to-establish aetiology of chronic pruritus (CP) makes it challenging to provide medical care for patients with CP. This challenge can only be met with a multidisciplinary approach. The first multidisciplinary Itch Centre in Germany was established at the University of Münster in 2002 to meet the ...
Hopkins Robin R Dr. Hopkins is instructor, Department of Human Physiology, College of Arts and Sciences, University of Oregon, Eugene, Oregon. Dr. Pratt is professor of educational studies, Faculty of Education, and senior scholar, Centre for Health Education Scholarship, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Dr. Bowen is professor, Department of Medicine, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon. Dr. Regehr is professor, Department of Surgery, and associate director, Centre for Health Education Scholarship, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
The call for integration of the basic and clinical sciences plays prominently in recent conversations about curricular change in medical education; however, history shows that, like other concepts related to curricular reform, integration has been continually revisited, leading to incremental change but no meaningful transformation. To redress this cycle of ...
Gallucci Andrew R - - 2014
Diversion is defined as the unlawful channeling of regulated pharmaceuticals from legal sources to the illicit marketplace. Persons with legal prescriptions often give away or sell their medications to others. The misuse of prescription stimulant medications continues to be a problem on college campuses and a need to understand how ...
Pridmore Saxby S Professor of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia - - 2014
To determine whether English literature contains depictions of medicalisation by non-medical people. English literature was examined by us and skilled readers. We identified four examples: two from Macbeth and two from Vanity Fair. Not only were non-medical people the instigators, but in each publication there is one example of the ...
Chen Isabel I University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine, Vancouver, - - 2014
Medical schools are increasingly aware of the ways in which physician empathy can have a profound impact on patients'lives and have developed humanities initiatives to address this concern. Reflective writing in particular is more commonly promoted in medical curricula, but there is limited research on the impact of reflective writing ...
Fandler Martin - - 2014
Simulation-based-training (SBT) in the education of health professionals is discussed as an effective alternative for knowledge and skills enhancement as well as for the establishment of a secure learning environment, for learners and patients. In the Anglo-American region, SBT and simulation and training centers (STC) are numbered as standard for ...
Farah Rita R Faculty of Public Health, Section II, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon. Electronic address: - - 2014
Indiscriminate use of antibiotics contributes to a global spread of antimicrobial resistance. Previous studies showed an excessive consumption of antibiotics purchased without medical prescription from community pharmacies, mainly in developing countries. There is a shortage of studies revealing the role of community pharmacists in the overuse of antibiotics. Our objective ...
Starkey E S ES Derbyshire Children's Hospital, Derby, - - 2014
Having some understanding of pharmacokinetics is important for all clinicians when prescribing medications. Key elements to effective and safe prescribing include making sure that we don't underdose a medication making it ineffective, but also do not overprescribe a treatment known to cause toxic effects. In paediatrics, there are significant physiological ...
Scully Christopher G CG Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, - - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) performs regulatory science to provide science-based medical product regulatory decisions. This article describes the types of scientific research the FDA's Center for Devices and Radiological Health performs and highlights specific projects related to medical devices for emergency medicine. In addition, this article discusses how ...
Perry Sylvia P - - 2014
Two correlational studies investigated the joint effect of bias awareness-a new individual difference measure that assesses Whites' awareness and concern about their propensity to be biased-and prejudice on Whites' intergroup anxiety and intended intergroup contact. Using a community sample (Study 1), we found the predicted Bias Awareness × Prejudice interaction. ...
Greenbaum V Jordan VJ Stephanie V. Blank Center for Safe and Healthy Children, Children׳s Healthcare of Atlanta, Atlanta, - - 2014
Child commercial sexual exploitation and sex trafficking are global health problems requiring a multidisciplinary approach by individuals, organizations, communities, and national governments. The adverse emotional, physical, and social consequences for victims are legion and in many areas of the United States and the rest of the world, victim resources are ...
Andersson Niklas N Department of Organic Psychiatric Disorders and Emergency Ward (Dept. M), Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Skovagervej 2, 8240 Risskov, Denmark; Department of Psychology, Queens College and The Graduate Center, City University of New York (CUNY), 65-30 Kissena Boulevard, Flushing, Queens 11367, NY, USA; Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, Allan Rosenfield Building, 722 West 168th Street, NY 10032, NY, - - 2014
We present a redesign of medical test results by placing the information of blood samples in the context of the patient's personal clinical data. We predict that implementing personalized data in the treatment of patients will promote engagement in treatment, motivate patients to take responsibility and lead to greater satisfaction ...
Zullig Leah L LL Center of Excellence for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Durham Veterans Affairs Medical Center; Department of Medicine, Duke - - 2014
Elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is a major modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), a leading cause of death in the United States. Despite clinical practice guidelines aimed at facilitating LDL-C control, many Veterans do not achieve guideline-recommended LDL-C levels. We describe a study focused on VA healthcare system ...
Andersson Hagiwara Magnus - - 2014
Errors in the decision-making process are probably the main threat to patient safety in the prehospital setting. The reason can be the change of focus in prehospital care from the traditional "scoop and run" practice to a more complex assessment and this new focus imposes real demands on clinical judgment. ...
Molimard Mathieu M CHU et Université de Bordeaux, Département de pharmacologie, Bordeaux, - - 2014
Recent drug crises have highlighted the complexity, benefits and risks of medication communication. The difficulty of this communication is due to the diversity of the sources of information and the target audience, the credibility of spokespersons, the difficulty to communicate on scientific uncertainties and the precautionary principle, which is influenced ...
Groth Christine M CM Department of Pharmacy, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
Rapid response teams (RRTs) have been developed to provide early therapy to patients with risk factors for cardiopulmonary arrest. We sought to investigate the role a pharmacist could have as a member of the RRT. Two pharmacists trained in critical care and emergency medicine proposed a pilot program to determine ...
Thompson Coon Jo J NIHR CLAHRC South West Peninsula (PenCLAHRC), University of Exeter Medical School, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Antipsychotic medications are commonly used to manage the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. Several large studies have demonstrated an association between treatment with antipsychotics and increased morbidity and mortality in people with dementia. To assess the effectiveness of interventions used to reduce inappropriate prescribing of antipsychotics to the elderly ...
Annas George J GJ From the Department of Health Law, Bioethics, and Human Rights, Boston University School of Public Health, - - 2014
As Massachusetts prepares to implement its new medical-marijuana law, agents of the federal Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) have reportedly visited at least seven Massachusetts physicians at their homes or offices and told them they must either give up their DEA registration or sever formal ties with proposed medical-marijuana dispensaries. These ...
Kost Amanda A Dr. Kost is assistant professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Chen is associate professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, - - 2014
The slang term "pimping" is widely recognized by learners and educators in the clinical learning environment as the act of more senior members of the medical team publicly asking questions of more junior members. Although questioning as a pedagogical practice has many benefits, pimping, as described in the literature, evokes ...
Katz Matthew S MS Division of Radiation Oncology, Lowell General Hospital, Lowell, MA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Social media are pervasive, powerful communications tools that can be used well or poorly. Digital medical professionalism is an emerging area of urology. Guidelines for social media use can help urologists understand how to maintain professional reputations online.
Durkin Anne - - 2014
The legalization of marijuana is a controversial issue with implications for health care providers, policy makers, and society at large. The use of marijuana for medical reasons is accepted in many states. However, legal sale of the drug for non-medical use began for the first time on January 1, 2014, ...
Balderas-Medina Anaya Yohualli Y Dr. Balderas-Medina Anaya is resident physician, Department of Family Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California. Ms. del Rosario is premedicine staff researcher, Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture, UCLA, Los Angeles, California. Dr. Doyle is executive director, Program in Medical Education (PRIME), and associate professor, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California. Dr. Hayes-Bautista is professor of medicine and director, Center for the Study of Latino Health and Culture, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2014
There are about 1.8 million young immigrants in the United States who came or were brought to the country without documentation before the age of 16. These youth have been raised and educated in the United States and have aspirations and educational achievements similar to those of their native-born peers. ...
Shah Mansi M University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA - - 2014
In 2001, the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Sciences System (UI Health) established a pharmacist-run, referral-based medication therapy management clinic (MTMC). Referrals are obtained from any UI Health provider or by self-referral. Although there is a high volume of referrals, a large percentage of patients do not enroll. This ...
Molteni Mauro M Internal Medicine Division, Medical Department, Vimercate Hospital, Via Santi Cosma e Damiano, 10, 20871 Vimercate, Italy - - 2014
To assess different aspects of the definition of valvular/non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF) used in clinical practice by physicians who usually treat this condition. We prospectively conducted a web-based survey including cardiologists and internists who attended continuing medical education courses on cardiovascular medicine. A questionnaire was drawn up, containing 17 questions ...
Watmough Simon S Research Fellow, Institute of Learning and Teaching, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 - - 2014
The General Medical Council outlines the skills medical students are meant to learn as undergraduates. This article summarizes how competent some foundation year one doctors from one deanery felt to undertake these skills, what had prepared them and what they would like more training on.
Edmonstone John J Director of the Centre for Innovation in Health Management, Keele University, - - 2014
The NHS Leadership Academy in England is investing £46 million in a standardized model of development, with academic qualifications becoming essential in future NHS leadership roles. This represents a cul-de-sac for medical leaders because it is based on a series of misplaced assumptions about health-care leadership and its development.
Krone Lauren M LM Department of Environmental and Population Health, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine, Tufts University, North Grafton, MA - - 2014
Objective-To estimate the proportion of independent small animal veterinary medical practices in Massachusetts that use electronic veterinary medical records (EVMRs), determine the purposes for which EVMRs are used, and identify perceived barriers to their use. Design-Survey. Sample-100 veterinarians. Procedures-213 of 517 independent small animal veterinary practices operating in Massachusetts were ...
Barrett Jenny J Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, - - 2014
Following research about workplace constraints reducing the effectiveness of teaching and the motivation to teach, this study sought to understand how medical teachers in hospitals respond to the institutional context for their teaching of medical students. Through purposive sampling, younger and older male and female teachers in a range of ...
Jackson Tristen H TH University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy, Faser Hall, Room 225, University, MS 38677. - - 2014
Primary medication nonadherence (PMN) is any instance whereby patients fail to initiate a pharmacotherapy regimen after receiving a prescription for new therapy. The Pharmacy Quality Alliance (PQA) has proposed a standardized definition for PMN and a quality measure to assess the rates of PMN in community pharmacies. To (a) measure ...
Nicholls Delwyn D Rural Clinical School, School of Medicine (D.N.), and School of Nursing and Midwifery (L.S.), Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; RPA Women and Babies, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (J.H.); and Discipline of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (J.H.). - - 2014
Sonographers use psychomotor skills to perform medical ultrasound examinations. Psychomotor skills describe voluntary movements of the limb, joints, and muscles in response to sensory stimuli and are regulated by the motor neural cortex in the brain. We define a psychomotor skill in relation to medical ultrasound imaging as "the unique ...
Mokone Gaonyadiwe G GG Dr. Mokone is senior lecturer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. M. Kebaetse is senior lecturer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. Wright is lecturer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. M.B. Kebaetse is distance learning specialist, Botswana Medical Education Partnership Initiative, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Mrs. Makgabana-Dintwa is training coordinator, Health Systems Research Unit, Botswana Medical Education Partnership Initiative, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. Kebaabetswe is director, Health Systems Research Unit, Botswana Medical Education Partnership Initiative, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. Badlangana is lecturer, Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. Mogodi is lecturer, Department of Public Health and Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana. Ms. Bryant is consultant researcher, Botswana-UPenn Partnership, Gaborone, Botswana. Dr. Nkomazana is associate program director and Botswana Medical Education Partnership Initiative principal investigator, School of Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, - - 2014
Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African countries. This shortage is exacerbated by a disproportionately high rate of infectious diseases, the burden of emerging chronic, ...
Frehywot Seble S Dr. Frehywot is associate research professor, Departments of Health Policy and Global Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Dr. Mullan is Murdock Head Professor of Medicine and Health Policy, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Dr. Vovides is assistant professor, Learning Design and Research Specialist, Georgetown University, Department of Communication, Culture, and Technology, Washington, DC. Ms. Korhumel is systems administrator, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Ms. Chale is research and communication consultant, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Ms. Infanzon is research associate, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Dr. Kiguli-Malwadde is director, African Center for Global Health and Social Transformation (ACHEST), and associate professor, Department of Radiology, College of Health Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. Dr. Omaswa is executive director, African Center for Global Health and Social Transformation (ACHEST), Kampala, - - 2014
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) supports medical education capacity development, retention, and research in Sub-Saharan African institutions. Today, MEPI comprises more than 40 medical schools in Africa and 20 in the United States. Since 2011, the MEPI Coordinating Center, working with the MEPI schools and the U.S. government, has ...
Bagala John Paul JP Mr. Bagala is a medical student, Gulu University School of Medicine, Gulu, Uganda. Mr. Macheka is a medical student, University of Zimbabwe College of Health Sciences, Harare, Uganda. Ms. Abebaw is a medical student, Addis Ababa University School of Medicine, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Dr. Wen is attending physician and director of patient-centered care research, Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
The Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) is contributing to the transformation of medical training in Africa. In this paper, medical students present their perspective on how MEPI initiatives have influenced five key areas related to African medical trainees: educational infrastructure, information technology, community-based training, scientific research, and professional outlook and ...
Lu C Y CY Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2014
Patients, clinicians, payers and policy makers face substantial uncertainties in their respective healthcare decisions as they attempt to achieve maximum value, or the greatest level of benefit possible at a given cost. Uncertainties largely come from incomplete information at the time that decisions must be made. This is true in ...
- - 2014
When Children's Medical Center in Dallas, TX, decided to place specially trained pharmacists on site in the ED around the clock, medication errors went from 8% to less than 1%.The pharmacists review every order that is written before a medication ever reaches a patient, and they are on hand to ...
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