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Boccaletti Valeria V Parma University Hospital, Parma, Italy - - 2014
An otherwise healthy 47-year-old man was admitted for an extensive bullous eruption that had developed over the previous 10 days. He was not receiving medication, and his condition deteriorated rapidly. Erythematous patches covered almost the entire body surface.
- - 2014
The experimental antibody obinutuzumab proved significantly more effective than standard therapy for newly diagnosed patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia who have coexisting medical conditions that prohibit more-aggressive therapy, according to a recent study.
Stang Katharina K Clinical Research Laboratory, Department of Thoracic, Cardiac and Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen University, Calwerstr. 7/1, 72076, Tuebingen, - - 2014
Pyrogens are components of microorganisms, like bacteria, viruses or fungi, which can induce a complex inflammatory response in the human body. Pyrogen contamination on medical devices prior operation is still critical and associated with severe complications for the patients. The aim of our study was to develop a reliable test, ...
Pikovsky Oleg O Division of Internal Medicine, Soroka University Medical Center and Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, - - 2013
Prolonged working hours and sleep deprivation can exert negative effects on professional performance and health. To assess the relationship between sleep deprivation, key metabolic markers, and professional performance in medical residents. We compared 35 residents working the in-house night shift with 35 senior year medical students in a cross-sectional cohort ...
West Brenton - - 2013
Abstract Objectives. Peripheral sensory neuropathy is a neurological deficit resulting in decreased detection of sensation through the peripheral nervous system. Peripheral sensory neuropathy is commonly diagnosed with the use of a monofilament and either a tuning fork or neurothesiometer. Statins are a widely used medication and there has been some ...
Weiland Amanda M AM HospiScript Services a Catamaran Company, Dublin, Ohio, USA. - - 2013
Symptom management medications are often compounded into topical gel formulations providing an alternative route of administration for hospice and palliative care patients. Though commonly used, transdermal absorption and bioavailability studies of these gel products are lacking. Chlorpromazine was studied because it is FDA approved for treatment of nausea and vomiting ...
Bienek Diane R - - 2013
The usability of a rapid point-of-care ABO-Rh blood typing kit was determined by comparing the performance of individuals with extensive medical training/experience to those with a lesser extent. Subjects were asked to use the blood typing kit with their own blood. These outcomes were compared to that listed in the ...
Shukla Aparna Wagle - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Sensorimotor integration is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Short latency afferent inhibition (SAI) and long latency afferent inhibition (LAI) measured with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can be used to measure sensorimotor integration. Subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been found to restore these abnormalities, but ...
Reid Marion E - - 2013
Emily Cooley was a well-respected medical technologist and morphologist with a remarkable skill set. She was highly regarded both professionally and personally. The "Emily Cooley Lectureship and Award" was established to honor her in particular and medical technologists in general. This article first reviews the history of the Emily Cooley ...
Méneret Aurélie - - 2013
A healthy, 26-year-old resident (video) presented with a bilateral Chvostek sign. This finding prompted us to search for the sign in young healthy subjects in our ward, mainly residents and medical students. We found this sign in 6 of 11 subjects.
Shafiee Akbar - - 2013
BACKGROUND: A good knowledge of the proper implication of blood products and the ability to prevent potential complications is crucial, especially for medical interns before embarking upon their career. We aimed to investigate the level of knowledge of common blood transfusion complications among medical interns. METHODS: In this study, 90 ...
Daniel M Joshua J Assistant Professor, Department of Transfusion Medicine, VMKV Medical College , Salem, Tamilnadu, India - - 2014
Objective: There is limited literature in the Indian subcontinent on the attitude of the medical personnel regarding blood donation. The purpose of the present study was to identify and assess the barriers that prevent people from becoming blood donors and also to devise recruitment strategies to increase the blood collection. ...
Langford N J - - 2012
In the UK, the maximal permitted ethanol concentration for driving is 80 mg ethanol/100 mL blood, 35 μg ethanol/100 mL breath or 107 mg ethanol/100 mL urine. Drivers exceeding the prescribed limit face severe penalties, which they are often anxious to avoid, either by acquittal or by putting forward 'special ...
Bartzokis George - - 2012
Imaging and post-mortem studies suggest that frontal lobe intracortical myelination is dysregulated in schizophrenia (SZ). Prior MRI studies suggested that early in the treatment of SZ, antipsychotic medications initially increase frontal lobe intracortical myelin (ICM) volume, which subsequently declines prematurely in chronic stages of the disease. Insofar as the trajectory ...
Grávalos C - - 2012
The functions and workload of medical oncologists are becoming increasingly relevant as cancer is a priority health issue in our country. Taking into account the specific characteristics and complexity of caring for cancer patients, the time of physicians attached to Medical Oncology could be distributed as follows: 70% for consultation ...
Hafeman Danella M - - 2012
Hafeman DM, Chang KD, Garrett AS, Sanders EM, Phillips ML. Effects of medication on neuroimaging findings in bipolar disorder: an updated review. Bipolar Disord 2012: 14: 375-410. © 2012 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Objective:  Neuroimaging is an important tool for better understanding the ...
Chedoe Indra - - 2012
ObjectiveTo examine the effect of a multifaceted educational intervention on the incidence of medication preparation and administration errors in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).DesignProspective study with a preintervention and postintervention measurement using direct observation.SettingNICU in a tertiary hospital in the Netherlands.InterventionA multifaceted educational intervention including teaching and self-study.Main outcome ...
Schirmer Patricia L - - 2012
We compared 2 data sources-antimicrobial orders and bar-coded medication administration (BCMA)-for calculating the number of grams used, grams used based on defined daily dose, and days of therapy at one Veterans Affairs Medical Center for 2009-2010. The number of grams used calculated from BCMA data provided the most informative antimicrobial ...
Kuys Suzanne S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To determine the activity level of people admitted for an acute hospital medical admission and to describe the location of and people present at the activity. DESIGN: Prospective observational behavioral mapping study. PARTICIPANTS: 102 patients admitted to general medical wards. INTERVENTION: Participants were observed 1min every 10min during a ...
Al-Ramahi Rowa - - 2012
To determine the medication prescribing patterns in hospitalized patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a Malaysian hospital, we prospectively studied a cohort of 600 patients in two phases with 300 patients in each phase. The first phase was carried out from the beginning of February to the end of ...
Gafni Naomi - - 2012
Medical Education 2012: 46: 277-288 Context  Assessment centres used in evaluating the non-cognitive attributes of medical school candidates must generate scores that reflect as accurate a measurement as possible of these attributes. Thus far, reliability coefficients for such centres have been based on limited samples and individual administrations, without reference ...
Bradford Natalie - - 2012
We investigated the feasibility and accuracy of using Internet-based videoconferencing for double-checking medications. Ten participants checked 30 different medications using a desktop PC and a webcam. The accuracy of the video-based checks was compared with 'face-to-vial' checks. The checks included the drug name, dosage and expiry dates of ampoules, vials ...
Pellegrini Vincent D VD - - 2012
A call by the Institute of Medicine to advance the cause of patient safety catalyzed the current focus on duty hours limits during resident education. Unrelated benefits to resident education have accrued from those efforts, but, despite rigorous study of the issue, there is little evidence of a positive impact ...
Berron Brad J BJ Chemical and Biological Engineering, UCB 424, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, - - 2012
The growing need for medical diagnostics in resource limited settings is driving the development of simple, standalone immunoassay devices. A capillary flow device using polymerization based amplification is capable of blocking a microfluidic channel in response to target biomaterials, enabling multiple modes of detection that require little or no supplemental ...
Fasolino Tracy - - 2012
Clinical unit nurse characteristics, practice environment, and team member effectiveness are assumed to play a critical role in medication safety. This study used a multimethod approach to examine the association of these factors with medication errors. Findings suggested that older, more experienced registered nurses made less medication errors. Environment and ...
Venus Emily - - 2012
ContextFrench interns in general practice are, like all medical students, exposed to medical errors during their training.ObjectiveTo measure the professional and personal impact of medical errors on French general practitioner (GP) trainees.Design, setting and participantsQuantitative and qualitative study of medical errors and GP trainees enrolled at Paris Diderot University.MethodAn online ...
Azushima Kengo - - 2012
We herein report the first case of remarkable hypertriglyceridemia induced by aliskiren. A 42-year-old man with chronic kidney disease who had been taking antihypertensive medication for approximately 10 years was treated with aliskiren at a dose of 150 mg/day due to uncontrolled hypertension. Six weeks later, although the patient's blood ...
Okada Mayumi - - 2012
Objective: To determine parameters that could assist emergency medical services (EMS) or triage personnel in identifying patients with central vertigo (cerebellar stroke). Methods: The medical records at a university-based emergency department (ED) were retrospectively analyzed. The study patients comprised of 23 patients who were transported by EMS between April 2011 ...
Levine Adam I - - 2012
The evolution of simulation from an educational tool to an emerging evaluative tool has been rapid. Physician certification has a long history and serves an important role in assuring that practicing physicians are competent and capable of providing a high level of safe care to patients. Traditional assessment methods have ...
Salt Elizabeth - - 2012
Patient adherence to their health care protocols is important to encourage the best health outcomes in rheumatoid arthritis (RA); however, little attention has been given to assessing the psychometric properties of adherence measures in this patient population. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of three ...
Dickinson Chris J - - 2012
Safety and quality improvement are major issues in children's hospitals. Improving pediatric medication safety often takes on a larger role in pediatric units than in adult units due to the larger size differences and dose ranges found in a pediatric intensive care unit. This article reviews the literature and our ...
Boruff Jill T - - 2012
Can a mobile optimized subject guide facilitate medical student access to mobile point-of-care tools? The guide was created at a library at a research-intensive university with six teaching hospital sites. The team created a guide facilitating medical student access to point-of-care tools directly on mobile devices to provide information allowing ...
Vollmer William M - - 2012
Pharmacy databases are commonly used to assess medication usage, and a number of measures have been developed to measure patients' adherence to medication. An extensive literature now supports these measures, although few studies have systematically compared the properties of different adherence measures. As part of an 18-month randomized clinical trial ...
Sanguansak Thuss - - 2012
To understand the incidence and types of medication prescribing errors in a low resource setting ophthalmology clinic and to determine the impact of a preprinted prescription based on the hospital formulary (FormularyScript) on medication prescribing errors. Non-randomised interventional study. Ophthalmology clinic in a teaching hospital in northeast Thailand. 4349 handwritten ...
Hoteit Rouba - - 2011
Aims: The rate of laboratory referrals for thrombophilia patients' genetic workup was assessed and compared among the medical and surgical specialties and subspecialties at a major tertiary care center in Lebanon. Methods: DNA extraction was performed using the PEL-FREEZ extraction kit (PEL-FREEZ; DYNAL) and the Factor V, prothrombin, and methylenetetrahydrofolate ...
Duty Brian - - 2011
PURPOSE: Medical malpractice indemnity payments continue to rise, resulting in increased insurance premiums. We reviewed closed malpractice claims pertaining to endourological procedures with the goal of helping urologists mitigate their risk of lawsuit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All closed malpractice claims from 2005 to 2010 pertaining to endourological procedures filed against ...
Mitry D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Pathological myopia is a frequent cause of secondary visual disturbance in young individuals worldwide. Myopic maculopathy describes a spectrum of clinical changes that comprise the main cause of visual loss among highly myopic individuals. Our aim is to describe current trends in the medical and surgical management of maculopathy ...
Neal Joseph M - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Severe local anesthetic systemic toxicity (LAST) is a rare event, the management of which might best be learned using high-fidelity simulation. In its 2010 Practice Advisory, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine (ASRA) created a medical checklist to aid in the management of LAST. We hypothesized ...
Goddard Andrew F - - 2011
In 2010, 2,176 medical registrars in England (43%) responded to a survey of attitudes to current and future working conditions. Regarding current working, 88% were currently happy with their job with respect to their specialty but only 49% were happy with respect to acute medicine. Even if pay was increased, ...
Rousek Justin B - - 2011
This study utilized usability testing and human factors engineering (HFE) principles to create efficient code cart medication drawer modifications to improve code blue medical emergency (code) medication management. Effective access to medications during a code is a key component in delivering optimal care and has been found to be a ...
Sorensen Tyler - - 2011
PURPOSE: To ascertain factors associated with corneal incision contracture (wound burn) secondary to phacoemulsification in the United States and Canada. SETTING: John A. Moran Eye Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA, and University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Through state and provincial societies, ...
Onia R - - 2011
BACKGROUND: /st>Spinal syringes, needles, and other devices with connectors that will not also connect with Luer devices could substantially reduce wrong-route drug administration errors. This study aimed to evaluate a newly designed non-Luer safety connector system for neuraxial procedures in terms of clinical acceptability and cross-connectivity with conventional Luer devices. ...
Skorning Max - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Teleconsultation from the scene of an emergency to an experienced physician including real-time transmission of monitoring, audio and visual information seems to be feasible. In preparation for bringing such a system into practice within the research project "Med-on-@ix", a simulation study has been conducted to investigate whether telemedical assistance ...
McGovern Kate F - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the success of medical management of suspected displacement of the ascending (large) colon in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses (n = 127) with suspected large colon displacement. METHODS: Medical records (January 1998-September 2008) of horses admitted for colic were reviewed. Suspected large colon displacement ...
Neuspiel Daniel R - - 2011
Objective:Limited information exists about medical errors in ambulatory pediatrics and on effective strategies for improving their reporting. We aimed to implement nonpunitive error reporting, describe errors, and use a team-based approach to promote patient safety in an academic pediatric practice.Patients and Methods:The setting was an academic general pediatric practice in ...
Clements Jennifer N - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Pharmacists should be key members of a medical mission trip by providing assistance with medication knowledge and therapeutics.OBJECTIVE:To determine the value of a pharmacist as a member of a medical mission team through (1) pharmacy interventions on 2 medical teams and 1 women's health team and (2) team satisfaction with ...
Dahm Maria R - - 2011
Background Depending on their previous training, international medical graduates (IMGs) may be unfamiliar with patient centred care (PCC). This study explores the PCC skills that IMGs demonstrated during observed role play. Methods Qualitative observational data were collected during an IMG communication skills course and IMGs' perceptions of PCC were explored ...
Chakravarthy Bharath - - 2011
Medical education is rapidly evolving. With the paradigm shift to small-group didactic sessions and focus on clinically oriented case-based scenarios, simulation training has provided educators a novel way to deliver medical education in the 21st century. The field continues to expand in scope and practice and is being incorporated into ...
Fox R - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Fox R, Walker J. Draycott T. Medical simulation for professional development-science and practice. BJOG 2011;118 (Suppl. 3): 1-4. From the earliest days of medical practice, when surgeons used cadavers to explore the possibilities of surgical intervention, simulation has been employed to advance the practice of ...
Issenberg S Barry - - 2011
This report reviews and critically evaluates the development of 3 movements in healthcare that have had a profound impact on changes occurring at all levels of medical education: patient safety, healthcare simulation, and competency-based education (exemplified by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education). The authors performed a critical and ...
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