Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 553
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Yim Eugene S ES 1 Stanford Sports Medicine Center, Stanford Medical School, Stanford, California - - 2014
Introduction On January 12, 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake devastated Haiti. Data regarding the prevalence of medical and psychosocial needs after the earthquake is scarce, complicating informed targeting of aid. The effects of the earthquake on athletes, as they differ from the general population, are especially unclear. The Center for ...
Díaz-Díaz R M RM Sección de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario Infanta Sofía, San Sebastián de los Reyes, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
We review advertisements published in the journal Actas Dermosifiliográficas between 1909 and 1939. Treatments for sexually transmitted diseases were advertised with particular frequency, and they offer a case in point that exemplifies the close relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and medical journals.
Parziale John R - - 2014
Golf affords physical and psychological benefits to persons who are physically challenged. Advances in adaptive technology, changes in golf course design, and rules modifications have enabled persons with neurological, musculoskeletal and other impairments to play golf at a recreational, elite amateur or professional level. The ADA has been cited in ...
Duck Francis A FA University of Bath, Bath, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
The historical origins of medical physics are traced from the first use of weighing as a means of monitoring health by Sanctorius in the early seventeenth century to the emergence of radiology, phototherapy and electrotherapy at the end of the nineteenth century. The origins of biomechanics, due to Borelli, and ...
Mavor Kenneth I KI ANU Medical School, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia; School of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, - - 2014
Problematic stress levels among medical students have been well established. This stress can lead to depression, suicidal ideation, substance abuse, burnout and cynicism, having a negative effect on students and their patients. We propose to move towards examining the processes underlying well-being in some medical students and vulnerability in others. ...
Naeem Naghma N Batterjee Medical College , Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Abstract Background: Emotional Intelligence (EI) is the ability to deal with your own and others emotions. Medical students are inducted into medical schools on the basis of their academic achievement. Professionally, however, their success rate is variable and may depend on their interpersonal relationships. EI is thought to be significant ...
Asif I I University of Tennessee, Knoxville, - - 2014
The purpose of cardiovascular screening in athletes is the identification of disorders at risk for sudden cardiac death. No study has assessed the experiences of athletes diagnosed with a serious cardiovascular condition. To determine the psychological impact of young athletes who are diagnosed with a potentially lethal cardiac condition. Semi-structured ...
Wu Yanxiang Y Clemson - - 2014
We empirically examined the impact of virtual human animation on the emotional responses of participants in a medical virtual reality system for education in the signs and symptoms of patient deterioration. Participants were presented with one of two virtual human conditions in a between-subjects experiment, static (non-animated) and dynamic (animated). ...
Gieser Suzanne S - - 2014
In this paper the city of Copenhagen is used as a starting point to highlight some critical historical events, both concerning the exchange of ideas between the physicist Wolfgang Pauli and C.G. Jung and the history of psychotherapy in Scandinavia. Pauli's years in Copenhagen under the influence of Niels Bohr ...
Kojovic Maja M Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders, UCL Institute of Neurology, The National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, 33 Queen Square, London, WC1N 3BG, - - 2014
Motivational influence on bradykinesia in Parkinson's disease may be observed in situations of emotional and physical stress, a phenomenon known as paradoxical kinesis. However, little is known about motivational modulation of movement speed beyond these extreme circumstances. In particular, it is not known if motivational factors affect movement speed by ...
Sleath Betsy L BL University of North Carolina Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2014
Many factors influence glaucoma medication adherence. A better understanding of the relationships between health literacy, depressive symptoms, and patient-reported problems in using glaucoma medications may reveal opportunities for intervention that could improve patients' clinical outcomes. To examine the relationship between patient characteristics (demographics, health literacy, and depressive symptoms) and patient-reported ...
McNeill Kathleen G KG Research School of Psychology, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, - - 2014
Medical students experience high levels of mental health problems, which can lead to poor academic performance, substance abuse and burnout. The current paper draws on social psychology to explore the factors underpinning wellbeing in medical students. From the literature it is evident that there is a strong association between group ...
Roemmich Ryan T RT Kennedy Krieger Institute, Baltimore, MD; Department of Neuroscience, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Electronic address: - - 2014
Persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) are characterized by multifactorial gait deficits, though the factors which influence the abilities of persons with PD to adapt and store new gait patterns are unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dopaminergic therapy on the abilities of persons with ...
Puttagunta R R Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA, - - 2014
The purposes of this study were to examine the literature on the proportion of medical students and residents who experience the death of a patient by suicide and to identify curricula with data on outcomes that assist medical students or residents in preparing for or managing the psychological stress in ...
Failde Inmaculada I University of Cádiz, Cádiz, - - 2014
The aim of this study is to investigate the attitudes towards mental illness and psychiatry among fifth year Spanish medical students. The study included 171 students from three medical schools located in different areas of Spain: Cádiz; UCA (n = 113), Madrid; San Pablo-CEU (n = 22), and Barcelona; UAB (n = 36). They responded, prior ...
Aylward Brandon S BS Department of Pediatrics, Emory University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology and Sibley Heart Center Cardiology, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, and Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical - - 2014
The primary aim of the current study was to use new methods to examine 1-year quality of medication dosing (adherence) and continuation with medication treatment (persistence) rates to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in children with newly diagnosed epilepsy. Medication-taking behaviors of AEDs were assessed using electronic monitors for 117 children with ...
Joki-Erkkilä Minna M Departments of Gynecology and Obstetrics and Child Psychiatry, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate medical statement conclusions in the criminal-legal process in suspected cases of child sexual abuse (CSA). Study design An observational study of a random sample of 130 medically examined, police reported CSA suspected cases during 2001-2009. Medical statements were evaluated and their conclusions were analyzed with an end-point in ...
Allroggen Marc M Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Ulm, Ulm, - - 2014
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has a high prevalence among the general undergraduate population, but as yet, no study has investigated the rate of NSSI among medical students despite the high levels of depression and suicidal ideation found in this population. Our study aimed to estimate the prevalence of NSSI and suicide ...
Boardman Gayelene G College of Health and Biomedicine, Centre for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management, Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
To assess if consumers with schizophrenia who were non-adherent to their oral antipsychotic medication had improved adherence and mental state, after participating in a problem-solving based peer support programme. Many people with schizophrenia are reluctant to take their antipsychotic medications. Peer support, combined with a problem-solving approach, could be used ...
Benbassat Jochanan J Smokler Center for Health Policy Research, Myers-JDC-Brookdale Institute, PO Box 3886, 91037, Jerusalem, Israel, - - 2014
Background Educators are concerned by the high prevalence of emotional distress among medical students, and by the alleged decline in their humanitarian values. Objective To re-examine these concerns by reviewing studies of medical students' wellbeing and development. Method Narrative review of the literature. Main findings (a) Medical students' emotional distress ...
Shaw Marc T M MT Worldwise Travellers Health Centres of New Zealand, Auckland, New Zealand; School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Townsville, - - 2014
School-organized travels abroad provide an opportunity for students to undertake supervised travel that reinforces scholastic study of various geographical locations under the direction and protection of experienced tour leaders and health professional support. Little is known concerning the nature of illnesses and injuries occurring on overseas school excursions. This study ...
Heponiemi Tarja - - 2014
OBJECTIVES Previous studies suggest that psychiatrists may be more stressed than other medical specialists and mental health professionals. This study examined differences in stress factors, job resources, psychological distress, and job satisfaction between psychiatrists and other medical specialists. In addition, the study examined whether stress factors or job resources accounted ...
Kennedy Kieran K HSE West , Ireland - - 2014
Abstract Medical students should be educated about sexual assault and rape. There is a strong argument in favour of such an educational intervention in all medical schools. Sexual violence is a highly prevalent medical condition that has very significant personal health consequences. Sexual violence is an issue that is frequently ...
Lichstein Jesse C JC *Department of Health Policy and Management, UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health †Cecil G. Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill ‡Health Services Research and Development, Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Durham §Division of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy, UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill ∥Community Care of North Carolina, Raleigh, - - 2014
Patients with comorbid severe mental illness (SMI) may use primary care medical homes differently than other patients with multiple chronic conditions (MCC). To compare medical home use among patients with comorbid SMI to use among those with only chronic physical comorbidities. We examined data on children and adults with MCC ...
Politte Laura C LC From Harvard Medical School; Lurie Center for Autism, Massachusetts General Hospital and MassGeneral Hospital for Children, Lexington, - - 2014
Learning Objectives: After participating in this educational activity, the physician should be better able to1. Prescribe the appropriate psychotropic medication to treat symptoms of ASD.2. Identify the side effects of the psychotropic medications used to treat ASD.Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by core deficits in social communication and language, ...
Thiemann Pia P School of Clinical Medicine University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Death Anxiety is related to an awareness of the reality of dying and death. There is some evidence that physicians' fear of death has a negative impact on their own wellbeing and influences their care of terminal ill patients. The first time that physicians face death in a professional context ...
Mukhtar Omar O Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, King's Health Partners, King's College Hospital, Denmark Hill, London, SE5 9RS, UK, - - 2014
'The extent to which an individual's medication-taking behaviour and/or execution of lifestyle changes, corresponds with agreed recommendations from a healthcare provider', is a highly complex behaviour, defined as adherence. However, intentional non-adherence is regularly observed and results in negative outcomes for patients along with increased healthcare provision costs. Whilst this ...
Rufino Andrea Cronemberger AC Department of Gynecology, State University of Piauí, Teresina, - - 2014
Sexuality education has been valued since the 1960s in medical schools worldwide. Although recent studies reaffirm the importance of incorporating sexuality into medical education, there are data gaps concerning how this happens in Brazil. To understand how Brazilian medical school professors teach sexuality in undergraduate courses. An exploratory, cross-sectional descriptive ...
Gosmanov Aidar R AR Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine (ARG), University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee; and Department of Preventive Medicine (JW), University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Positive predictive value (PPV) of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) for diagnosis of prediabetes in clinical practice has not been well studied. In a prospective study, patients diagnosed with prediabetes based on HbA1c (5.7%-6.4%) underwent a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as the gold standard test to diagnose dysglycemia. Demographics, anthropometrics, ...
Amjad Faiza F Centre for Clinical Psychology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan, - - 2014
The purpose of the present study was to compare the spiritual well-being and coping strategies of patients with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and those with general medical conditions (GMC). The sample was comprised of 40 participants with GAD fulfilling the diagnostic criteria of DSM IV-TR and 50 participants with GMC. ...
Wicker S S Occupational Health Service, University Hospital Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, - - 2014
Needlestick injuries (NSI) pose a significant health hazard among healthcare personnel (HCP). The aim of our prospective observational study was to evaluate the psychological impact of NSI and assess measures to prevent NSI. The target group was the medical staff and students of Frankfurt University Hospital who had experienced a ...
Chen Shiah-Lian SL Department of Nursing, National Taichung University of Science and Technology, - - 2014
To examine gender differences in the medication adherence of patients with hypertension by applying a longitudinal follow-up. Patient views of illness affect their adherence to therapeutic regimens. However, few studies have explored these issues by using a longitudinal design or from a gender perspective. This study used a longitudinal, correlational ...
Kelley Brendan J BJ Department of Neurology, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA, - - 2014
The demonstrated benefits of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins) for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease are well established in the medical literature, and this class of medications is among those most commonly prescribed in the USA. In 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration issued updated recommendations regarding statin medications, ...
Hilt Robert J RJ 1 Department of Psychiatry, Seattle Children's/University of Washington , Seattle, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the side effect risks from using one or more psychiatric medications (including antipsychotics, antidepressants, α-2 agonists, benzodiazepines, mood stabilizers, and stimulants) among a national cohort of children and adolescents. Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered to parents who filled a ...
Efron Daryl D Community Child Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Parkville, VIC, Australia; Department of Paediatrics, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia; The Royal Children's Hospital, 50 Flemington Road, Parkville, VIC, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sleep problems are common in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), yet little is known about sleep medication use in this population. The aim of this study was to describe sleep medication use, as well as associated child and family characteristics in school-aged children with ADHD. Sleep medication use was ascertained ...
Tyer-Viola Lynda A - - 2014
To explore the relationships among contextual, environmental, and regulatory factors with antiretroviral (ARV) medication adherence to assist care providers in improving care for women living with HIV. Descriptive, multicenter study. Sixteen HIV clinics and service organizations in North America. This convenience sample was drawn from a larger study of 2,182 ...
Rozensky Ronald H RH Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida, P. O. Box 100165, Gainesville, FL, 32610, USA, - - 2014
The 20th anniversary of the Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings is celebrated by highlighting the scientist-practitioner philosophy on which it was founded. The goal of the Journal-to provide an outlet for evidence-based approaches to healthcare that underscore the important scientific and clinical contributions of psychology in medical settings-is ...
Hansen Helena H New York University, Departments of Anthropology and Psychiatry, New York, NY 10003, USA; Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 1996 the U.S. severely restricted public support for low income people, ending "welfare as we know it." This led to dramatic increases in medicalized forms of support for indigent people, who increasingly rely on disability benefits justified by psychiatric diagnoses of chronic mental illness. We present case studies drawn ...
Cody Meghan W MW Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee, - - 2014
Physical injury is prevalent across many types of trauma experiences and can be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and physical health effects, including increased medication use. Recent studies suggest that PTSD symptoms may mediate the effects of traumatic injury on health outcomes, but it is unknown whether this ...
Weinstock Lauren M LM Alpert Medical School of Brown University and Butler Hospital, RI 02906, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Individuals with bipolar disorder (BD) often receive complex polypharmacy regimens as part of treatment, yet few studies have sought to evaluate patient characteristics associated with this high medication burden. This retrospective chart review study examined rates of complex polypharmacy (i.e., ≥4 psychotropic medications), patterns of psychotropic medication use, and their ...
Al-Sughayir Mohammed A MA Psychiatry Department, College of Medicine, King Saud University, PO Box 21525, Riyadh 11485, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Tel. +966 (11) 4671717. Fax. +966 (11) 4672571. E-mail: - - 2014
To investigate whether the mental health accreditation program drives improvements in the clinical practice of giving pro re nata (PRN) antipsychotic medications for psychiatric inpatients. This study was conducted in October 2012, a record-based pre-post assessment design in psychiatric inpatient wards at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data ...
Jacob Sharon E SE University of California, San Diego and Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, California; University of Arizona, School of Medicine, Tucson, Arizona; University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, - - 2014
Increasing evidence indicates that allergic contact dermatitis can worsen pre-existing psoriasis. The authors highlight a delayed-hypersensitivity reaction to a common psoriasis medication and discuss therapeutic interventions.
Rojas-Fernandez Carlos C University of Waterloo School of Pharmacy, Kitchener, ON, - - 2014
In long-term care (LTC) settings, use of psychotropic medications to manage behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia and use of cognitive enhancers are commonplace. It is important that these medications are properly used to ensure resident well-being, and thus, it is paramount to understand use of these medications in contemporary ...
Reas Deborah L DL Oslo University Hospital, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Regional Section for Eating Disorders , Oslo , - - 2014
Introduction: This study evaluated controlled treatment studies of pharmacotherapy for binge eating disorder (BED). Areas covered: The primary focus of the review was on Phase II and III controlled trials testing medications for BED. A total of 46 studies were considered and 26 were reviewed in detail. BED outcomes included ...
Davidson John H - - 2014
Intentional empathy and integrative thinking are essential elements of a medical interview. Yet the repetitive, sometimes monotonous, nature of medical practice can compromise their achievement. Emotional and intellectual fatigue may lead to clouded observation with diagnostic errors resulting. In spite of a long extant pedagogy of teaching interviewing techniques and ...
Radstaak Mirjam M Behavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated the effects of a compressed working week with high cognitive and emotional work demands within the population of Dutch Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) pilots. Work stressors were measured and levels of well-being were examined before, during and after a series of day and night shifts. Results ...
Plant Jenny J Birmingham City - - 2014
I was on clinical placement on a medical ward when I heard the emergency buzzer go off in another part of the ward.
De Geest Sabina S Institute of Nursing Science, University of Basel, Basel, - - 2014
Aims: Medication non-adherence is a crucial behavioural risk factor in hypertension management. Forty-three to 65.5% of patients with presumed resistant hypertension are non-adherent. This narrative review focuses on the definition of adherence/non-adherence, measurement of medication adherence, and the management of medication non-adherence in resistant hypertension using multilevel intervention approaches to ...
McKenzie Kristin K Child and Family Services, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to test the effect of motivational interviewing (MI) on medication adherence in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) in an outpatient setting. Pretest-posttest design was used. The 3-week MI intervention consisted of one face-to-face session and two follow-up telephone interventions. Outcome measures included medication adherence, ...
Díaz-Díaz R M RM Sección de Dermatología, Hospital Universitario Infanta Sofía, San Sebastián de los Reyes, Madrid, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
We review advertisements published in the journal Actas Dermosifiliográficas between 1909 and 1939. Treatments for sexually transmitted diseases were advertised with particular frequency, and they offer a case in point that exemplifies the close relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and medical journals.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >