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Getahun Darios D Department of Research & Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, - - 2014
Elective labor induction is an increasingly common practice not only in high-income countries but also in many low-income and middle-income countries. Many questions remain unanswered on the safety and cost-effectiveness of elective labor induction, particularly in resource-constrained settings wherein there may be a high unmet need for medically indicated inductions, ...
Malinowski Jennifer - - 2014
Electronic medical records (EMRs) are becoming more widely implemented following directives from the federal government and incentives for supplemental reimbursements for Medicare and Medicaid claims. Replete with rich phenotypic data, EMRs offer a unique opportunity for clinicians and researchers to identify potential research cohorts and perform epidemiologic studies. Notable limitations ...
ZieliƄski Andrzej - - 2014
The historical review of medical activities draws attention how late in its very long history therapies of proven effectiveness were introduced. Author attributes it to the late development of methods which would be capable to determine the causal relations which would scientifically justified identification the causes and risk factors of ...
Ansari-Moghaddam Alireza A Health Promotion Research Centre & Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical - - 2013
To explore the epidemiology of burn injuries in Zahedan, Southeastern Iran. A retrospective review of 730 medical records, of burnt patients, for a period of two years was done. Predesigned data recording forms were used to collect data. The SPSS-15 was used to analyze data. Overall, 713 medical records were ...
Braun Thomas - - 2013
Google Trends is a valuable new additional tool for medical research, mainly for epidemiological and economical issues, which is fast and inexpensive to use and may be especially helpful when analyzing patient collectives who go to general practitioners or specialists in private practice rather than public or university clinics, where ...
Marchigiani Raffaele - - 2013
Wind disasters are responsible for tremendous physical destruction, injury, loss of life and economic damage. In this review, we discuss disaster preparedness and effective medical response to wind disasters. The epidemiology of disease and injury patterns observed in the early and late phases of wind disasters are reviewed. The authors ...
Siddique Sana S - - 2013
Despite its relative rarity, uveitis is the third leading cause of preventable blindness worldwide. Glaucoma associated with uveitis is one of the most serious complications of intraocular inflammation. We review in detail the epidemiology and pathogenesis of uveitic glaucoma and the safety and efficacy of the current medical and surgical treatment ...
Bhatia Abhijeet - - 2013
The article attempts to analyze the disease burden in a healthy, pre-screened population subjected to prolonged residence in the hostile environment of Antarctica. This retrospective epidemiological study was conducted utilizing data from medical consultation room on board the Indian Antarctic expedition vessels and at Indian Antarctic station, Maitri from seven ...
Khodaee Morteza - - 2012
Participation in ultramarathons has become increasingly popular especially among nonelite athletes. Ultramarathons have a wide spectrum of race characteristics from the variety of distances to environmental factors. Ultramarathons continue to attract a relatively small number of participants who on average are more experienced than marathon runners. There are limited epidemiologic ...
Al-Elq Abdulmohsen H - - 2012
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency has recently been recognized in different parts of the world, even affecting healthy populations. The deficiency of vitamin D can lead to rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Few studies have been done to evaluate the status of vitamin D in the medical ...
Carroll Richard W - - 2012
Hyperprolactinemia is a common consequence of treatment with an antipsychotic medication. It can result in hypogonadism due to the inhibitory effect of elevated prolactin levels on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal hormonal axis. We present a case of hypogonadism secondary to hyperprolactinemia in a patient taking antipsychotic medication, with radiological evidence of a ...
Morrison Brett - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Purpose of Review: Although medication, toxic, and vitamin-related neuropathies are rare causes of neuropathy, they are important to recognize because they are treatable and preventable. It is often difficult to conclusively demonstrate that a particular agent is the cause of neuropathy, but understanding the specific electrodiagnostic and clinical patterns ...
Ko Edmund Y - - 2012
PURPOSE: We determined empirical medical therapy practice patterns for idiopathic infertility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a survey of 7,745 practicing American Urological Association members from July to November 2010. Respondents were questioned on empirical medical therapy use, patient evaluation and selection, and preferred medications. RESULTS: A total of 387 ...
Abou-Chebl Alex - - 2012
Symptomatic intracranial stenoses are an important cause of stroke and have a high risk of recurrent stroke with medical therapy. The Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Arterial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) trial unexpectedly showed a higher-than-expected rate of complications with intracranial stenting and a lower-than-expected recurrence ...
Trigg Bruce G - - 2012
ABSTRACT An acute awareness of the profound social and medical costs associated with heroin and opiate addiction in New Mexico has led a group of advocates from public health, state and local governments, corrections, academia, and community activists to collaborate for the purpose of increasing access to medication-assisted therapy (MAT) ...
Chesney Russell W - - 2012
The seminal discovery that sunlight was important in the prevention of nutritional rickets was made in 1890 by Theobald A. Palm, a medical missionary who contrasted the prevalence of rickets in northern European urban areas with similar areas in Japan and other tropical countries. He surmised that exposure to sunlight ...
Tabatabaei Seyed Mahmoud - - 2012
Gout, a medical condition of acute inflammatory joint disorders, has been recognized from the antiquity. However, the name of Rhazes, a Persian historic physician who has described the etiology, signs, symptoms, epidemiology, treatment and prevention of this malady more than a thousand year ago, hasn't been taken into consideration appropriately. ...
Ramasamy Ranjith - - 2012
Medical treatment of men with primary spermatogenic failure remains largely ineffective in contrast to those with secondary testicular failure. Treatment has been attempted with a multitude of agents ranging from hormones to nutritional supplements (antioxidants). While some studies have demonstrated benefit to some treatments, no treatments have consistently demonstrated efficacy ...
Kolkert J L - - 2011
Medical treatment has a pivotal role in the treatment of patients with occlusive carotid artery disease. Large trials have provided the justification for operative treatment besides medical treatment in patients with recent significant carotid artery stenosis two decades ago. Since then, medical therapy has evolved tremendously. Next to aspirin, antiplatelet ...
Hatasaka Harry - - 2011
For patients diagnosed with unexplained infertility, recent information has allowed the diagnosis to be viewed in a new light. With a better understanding of the efficacy and use of empiric therapies, unexplained infertility has gone from a diagnosis filled with uncertainty and despair to one that when treated appropriately has ...
Allen Jason - - 2011
This study sought to assess the use of clinical detoxification therapies used by licensed naturopathic doctors (NDs) in the United States. This was a qualitative, descriptive, online survey of a convenience sample of NDs. An online survey was conducted of NDs who were licensed in the United States. Responses were ...
Higashi Tatsuya - - 2011
Radioactive iodine (RAI, (131)I) has been used as a therapeutic agent for differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with over 50 years of history. Recently, it is now attracting attention in medical fields as one of the molecular targeting therapies, which is known as targeted radionuclide therapy. Radioactive iodine therapy (RIT) for DTC, ...
Djavan Bob - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) has long been held as the gold standard for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH); however, there has been significant innovation in other less invasive alternative treatments for BPH in recent years. BPH treatment guidelines now recommend minimally invasive therapy be ...
Spernat Daniel - - 2011
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? The medical management of urolithiasis is complex. There are many papers written on the topic and many conflicting views. It can be difficult for physicians to interpret these data and have a stepwise approach to the medical treatment of ...
Akinola Oluwole Busayo - - 2011
Complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) are household sources of therapy in African communities. A large percentage of the African population uses CAMs as an alternative to mainstream medicine. This is partly due to tradition, and partly because of inability to afford conventional treatments. In the developed countries, the use of ...
John Mancini G B - - 2011
BACKGROUND: <0.04). CONCLUSIONS: . Unique Identifier: NCT00007657.
Zhang David Yi DY Division of Internal Medicine, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, - - 2012
Prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT) is a severe and life-threatening complication of heart valve replacement. Conventional therapy is surgical thrombectomy or valve replacement. Medical thrombolysis is another emerging option. We report the case of a 57 year old woman with a history of Ebstein anomaly who underwent successful treatment of tricuspid ...
Porst Hartmut - - 2011
Introduction.  With increasing interest and clinical research in male sexual disorders, it has become clear that not only psychological but also organic, neurobiological, and genetic factors may play an important role in premature ejaculation (PE). Aim.  This article provides an overview of the different treatment options both for lifelong (primary, ...
Vondráková D - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the optimal medical therapy in the chronic heart failure (CHF) patients referred from the comunity centres and the outpatients cardiology clinics for the cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrilator (CRTD) to the Department of Cardiology, Na Homolce Hospital with the device implantation ...
Yu Hsin-Hsien - - 2011
Hyperparathyroid crisis is a rare, critical, and potentially fatal disease. The aim of this study was to classify different clinical courses of this disease, according to their preoperative medical responses and suggest the proper timing for surgery. Patients who had undergone parathyroidectomies for hyperparathyroid crisis, were enrolled between January 1, ...
Finkel Martin A - - 2011
A key portion of the medical evaluation of child sexual abuse is the medical history. This differs from interviews or histories obtained by other professionals in that it is focuses more on the health and well-being of the child. Careful questions should be asked about all aspects of the child's ...
Tan Lip-Bun - - 2011
Although all aspects of clinical work nowadays are modified by the pervading influence of evidence-based medicine (EBM) and multiplicative guidelines, not many clinicians realize that the underlying premise of EBM-driven guidelines is a particular strain of consequentialist ideology. Subservience to this ideology has transformed modern medical practice, but there is ...
Levinson Andrew T - - 2011
Multiple medical therapies have been developed for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) over the last decade and a half. Unfortunately, none of these medications is curative and the majority of patients develop disease progression despite treatment. Presently available medications target one of three known pathways that have been ...
Chang Anne B - - 2011
Studies on cough have come a long way but many shortfalls still exist. These shortfalls can be attributed to: the lack of randomized controlled studies with a focus on cough; studies not using robust cough outcome measures, poor definition of target groups in studies and guidelines, the lack of safe ...
Bischoff Richard J - - 2011
In an effort to identify the essential ingredients of medical family therapy, a content analysis of 15 peer-reviewed case studies in medical family therapy was conducted. The case studies were published from 1996 to 2007 in Families, Systems, & Health. Through a qualitative content analysis, three main themes emerged that ...
Byron J K JK Department of Veterinary Clinical Medicine, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, USA. - - 2011
Transurethral collagen injections are an alternative treatment for canine urinary incontinence. There is controversy regarding the long-term effectiveness of collagen and the impact urethral coaptation and injection site have on outcome. To evaluate outcome and client satisfaction after urethral collagen injections, and correlation between degree of urethral coaptation and collagen ...
Singh Virendra - - 2012
Splanchnic arterial vasodilatation plays an important role in cirrhotic ascites. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of long term administration of midodrine on systemic hemodynamics, renal function, and control of ascites in patients with cirrhosis and refractory or recurrent ascites. Forty cirrhotic patients with refractory or ...
Kang Yu - - 2011
Medical nutritional therapy (MNT) is an effective approach for the long-term weight control in obese patients. This review describes the processes and principles of MNT, nutritional assessment Methods, types of diets, and nutrients allowance for obesity management, and also introduces the nutritional intervention for bariatric surgery.
Hewes Christina A - - 2011
A 6 yr old female spayed Labrador retriever was examined for severe pain and a nonweight-bearing right forelimb lameness due to swelling and wounds with direct communication into the elbow joint. The medical management of β hemolytic Streptococcus septic arthritis with needle lavage of the joint, systemic and local antibiotic ...
Casault Lucie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to document the frequency of use of hypnotic medication among a large sample of randomly selected patients having been treated for various types of cancer, as well as to identify the sociodemographic, psychosocial, and medical factors that characterize the users of this type of medication. ...
Rudnick Abraham - - 2011
The relation between the notions of (medical) invasiveness and (actual or potential) harm has not been systematically discussed nor theoretically grounded, despite its importance to clinical-ethical practice. This paper aims to clarify the notion of invasiveness beyond the traditional notion of invasiveness as breaking skin or inserting mechanical objects into ...
Vellimana Ananth K - - 2011
Symptomatic intracranial arterial disease is associated with a high rate of recurrent ischemic events. The management of this condition is controversial, with some advocating medical therapy as a sole means of treatment and others recommending endovascular therapy in addition to best medical management. In rare cases, surgical intervention is considered. ...
van de Kerkhof Pcm - - 2011
Corticosteroids are the mainstay of topical therapies for the treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis. Selection of vehicle, concentrations of corticosteroid and coadministered medications, and frequency of administration are critical factors that enhance bioavailability of topical corticosteroids. Topical corticosteroids are commonly used as polytherapy and combination therapy with other agents, ...
Colette Sébastien - - 2011
Current therapies for endometriosis cannot completely cure the disease, and patients present with high recurrence rates. Novel medical approaches are, therefore, needed. In endometriosis, aromatase was long thought to be involved in the in situ formation of estrogens, leading to a positive feedback loop favoring estrogens, themselves inducing prostaglandin production ...
Hinshaw Stephen P - - 2011
Objective: Scientific and clinical interest in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasing worldwide. This article presents data from a cross-national workshop and survey related to questions of variability in diagnostic and, particularly, treatment procedures. Methods: Representatives of nine nations (Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Israel, the Netherlands, Norway, and the ...
Kaiser Susan - - 2011
The objective of this article is to heighten awareness of the need for increased collaboration between treating clinicians and the chemical-dependency population. For this increased collaboration to occur, changes are required in treatment practices, including eradicating prescriptive medications that are contraindicated by the chemical dependency diagnosis. Case studies and professional ...
Karila Laurent - - 2011
Introduction: There is no specific and approved treatment, by regulatory authorities, for cocaine dependence. Therefore, developing new medications for the treatment of this disease continues to be a research priority. Recent advances in neurobiology and brain imaging studies have suggested several promising pharmacological approaches. Materials and Methods: Literature searches were ...
Abdel-Hamid Ibrahim A - - 2011
Peyronie's disease (PD) is an acquired benign connective tissue disorder of the penis, characterized by the development of fibrotic plaques, that can cause different degrees of bending, narrowing or shortening. Medical treatment for PD remains a major challenge. Impressive progress in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of PD pathogenesis ...
Solomon Melani - - 2011
The field of pharmaceutical and medical nanotechnology has grown rapidly in recent decades and offers much promise for therapeutic advances. This review is intended to serve as a quick summary of the major areas in the therapeutic application of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology for therapeutic application falls into two broad categories of ...
Schrooten M - - 2011
The aim of this study was to supplement the few data that exist regarding the potential effect of the referring medical specialty on the proposed treatment for asymptomatic carotid stenosis. In a web survey, we presented Belgian cardiologists, neurologists and vascular surgeons with two fairly uncomplicated case vignettes on asymptomatic ...
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