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Dehghani Rouhullah R Department of Environment Health and Social Determinants of Health (SDH) Research Center, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2014
Many species of venomous snakes are found in Iran. The most medically important species which are responsible for the most snakebite incidents in Iran belong to the Viperidae family, including Vipera lebetina, Echis carinatus, Pseudocerastes persicus, Vipera albicornuta, and the Elapidae family, especially Naja naja oxiana. At least one kind ...
Brophy T J TJ The Ohio State University College of Medicine , Columbus, OH , - - 2014
Context. Previous studies of medication errors have largely focused on healthcare facilities and have not reported generalizable national trends among out-of-hospital medication errors. Objective. We sought to understand U.S. trends in medication errors, including the age-related risks, the involved medications, and the medical outcomes. Materials and methods. We performed a ...
Preskorn Sheldon H SH PRESKORN: University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita and Kansas University-Wichita Clinical Trials - - 2014
The four Ds of medical malpractice are duty, dereliction (negligence or deviation from the standard of care), damages, and direct cause. Each of these four elements must be proved to have been present, based on a preponderance of the evidence, for malpractice to be found. The principles of psychopharmacology and ...
Grissinger Matthew - - 2014
We often abandon the "second victims" of medical errors.
McAdam-Marx C C Pharmacotherapy Outcomes Research Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2014
Examine the association between weight loss and adherence with glycaemic goal attainment in patients with inadequately controlled T2DM. Patients ≥ 18 years with T2DM from a US integrated health system starting a new class of diabetes medication between 11/1/10 and 4/30/11 (index date) with baseline HbA1c ≥ 7.0% were included in this cohort ...
Blumenthal Sarah R SR Center for Experimental Drugs and Diagnostics, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston2Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Short-term studies suggest antidepressants are associated with modest weight gain but little is known about longer-term effects and differences between individual medications in general clinical populations. OBJECTIVE To estimate weight gain associated with specific antidepressants over the 12 months following initial prescription in a large and diverse clinical population. ...
Relton Clare - - 2014
Despite rising levels of obesity in England, little is known about slimming club and weight loss drug (medication) use or users. In order to inform future commissioning, we report the prevalence of various weight management strategies and examine the associations between slimming club and medication use and age, gender, deprivation ...
Wright Davene R DR Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA, - - 2014
Published studies do not consistently find overweight and obesity to be associated with higher medical expenditures for US children. Previous analyses use varying samples and methods, making results difficult to compare. To examine whether methodological choices or temporal trends are driving differences in estimates of the association between weight and ...
Sabel Allison L AL a Department of Patient Safety and Quality , Denver Health Medical Center , Denver, Colorado , - - 2014
The clinical presentation and medical complications of severe anorexia nervosa among males were examined to further the understanding of this increasingly prevalent condition. Fourteen males were admitted to a medical stabilization unit over the study period. Males with severe anorexia nervosa were found to have a multitude of significant medical ...
Green Carla A CA Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Northwest, 3800 N. Interstate Ave, Portland, OR, 97227-1110, USA, - - 2014
People taking antipsychotic medications are at increased risk for obesity, diabetes, and early mortality. Few weight loss interventions have targeted this population. Thirty-six individuals were randomized to an evidence-based 12-week weight loss intervention (PREMIER with DASH diet, n = 18) or to usual care (n = 18) in this feasibility trial. Average attendance was ...
Rubinstein Jonathan - - 2014
Feather loss in psittacine birds is a common and frustrating clinical presentation. Causes include medical and nonmedical causes of feather loss with and without overt feather destructive behavior. Underlying causes include inappropriate husbandry and housing; parasitic, viral and bacterial infections; metabolic and allergic diseases; and behavioral disorders. Prior to a ...
Barzilay Joshua I JI Kaiser Permanente of Georgia, 3650 Steve Reynolds Blvd, Atlanta, GA, 30096, USA, - - 2014
Older antihypertensive medications are believed to be associated with metabolic disturbances, especially raised glucose levels. Owing to this, many physicians shun their use. Newer antihypertensive medications are metabolically neutral or metabolically favorable; therefore, they are looked upon favorably and are chosen as primary medications for the treatment of hypertension. Here ...
Donaldson Mark M Dr. Donaldson is director of pharmacy services, Kalispell Regional Medical Center, Mont.; a clinical professor, Skaggs School of Pharmacy, University of Montana, Missoula; and a clinical assistant professor, School of Dentistry, Oregon Health & Sciences University, Portland. Address correspondence to Dr. Donaldson at 310 Sunnyview Lane, Kalispell, Mont. 59901, - - 2014
/st> In this article, the authors examine prescription weight-loss medications and related dental considerations for oral health care professionals (OHCPs). The authors focus on the most common prescription weight-loss drugs and their potential interactions with medications frequently used in dental practice, and they include recommendations for modification in patient care. ...
Breathnach Ciara C Department of History, University of Limerick, Plassey, - - 2014
This article focuses on the function of the convict prison infirmary and views it as a site of arbitration, resistance and 'contested power'. In accordance with the rules and regulations periods of incarceration in convict prisons began and ended with an obligatory medical examination. While the primary function of the ...
Sarpong Eric M - - 2014
Obesity contributes substantially to health resource use and costs. This study examines the impact of obesity on medication use and expenditures among nonelderly adults with asthma using the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Obese classes II/III individuals were more likely to have current asthma, seek treatment for asthma, use more medications, ...
Yanovski Susan Z SZ Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, - - 2014
Thirty-six percent of US adults are obese, and many cannot lose sufficient weight to improve health with lifestyle interventions alone. To conduct a systematic review of medications currently approved in the United States for obesity treatment in adults. We also discuss off-label use of medications studied for obesity and provide ...
Phelan Sean M SM Division of Health Care Policy and Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2013
Objective: To examine the magnitude of explicit and implicit weight biases compared to biases against other groups; and identify student factors predicting bias in a large national sample of medical students. Design and Methods: A web-based survey was completed by 4732 1(st) year medical students from 49 medical schools as ...
Kushner Robert F - - 2013
Although serious health concerns are associated with obesity, losing even 5% of body weight can produce clinically relevant effects. The initial goal of obesity management is usually a 5% to 10% weight reduction. Some people will sustain weight loss with changes in diet and exercise alone; however, these patients represent ...
Karapinar Ugur - - 2013
An 8-year-old child diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder presented to our Department of Otolaryngology 4 days after suffering hearing loss, loss of balance, tinnitus, and fullness sensation of the left ear. Her symptoms occured with the first dose of methylphenidate. The medical history and physical examination revealed no other diseases associated ...
Hasnain Mehrul - - 2013
Our review describes potential weight-altering effects of psychotropic medications (antipsychotics, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, mood stabilizers, sedative-hypnotics, medications for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and other psychotropic medications) and offers guidance on switching a medication if its weight-altering effect becomes problematic. For second-generation antipsychotics, the risk of weight gain is high with clozapine and ...
Garvey W Timothy WT Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham, and the Birmingham VA Medical Center, Birmingham, - - 2013
Recent advances in lifestyle intervention programs, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery have enabled the development of medical models for the treatment of obesity. Regarding pharmacotherapy, in 2012 the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved two new effective and safe weight-loss medications, phentermine/topiramate extended release and lorcaserin, which has greatly augmented options ...
Zapor Michael J - - 2013
A 26-year-old suspected Iraqi insurgent is brought to a Troop Medical Clinic in Baghdad, Iraq, with curious marks on his body. On questioning, he describes productive cough, subjective fever, drenching night sweats, and unintentional weight loss. This case shows a condition with which Western physicians are generally unfamiliar but one ...
Rueda-Clausen Christian F - - 2013
Obesity, which results from an imbalance between calorie intake and expenditure, now affects over 500 million individuals worldwide. Lifestyle and behavioural interventions aimed at reducing calorie intake and/or increasing energy expenditure have limited long-term effectiveness due to complex and persistent hormonal, metabolic and neurochemical adaptations that defend against weight loss ...
Bilger Marcel M Health Services and Systems Research Program, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore. - - 2013
To test whether overweight or obese employees who achieve clinically significant weight loss of ≥ 5% have reduced medical expenditures, absenteeism, presenteeism, and/or improved Health-Related Quality Of Life (HRQOL). The sample analyzed combines data from full-time overweight or obese employees who took part in one of the WAY to Health ...
Holes-Lewis Kelly Anne - - 2013
Obesity is a world-wide epidemic associated with significant morbidity and mortality which costs billions of dollars per year. The associated related conditions are many and include heart disease, stroke, type II diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea and certain types of cancer. Given that it is a multifactorial problem, the treatments must ...
Shantha Ghanshyam Palamaner Subash GP Department of Epidemiology, Behavior and Society, Baltimore, Md., USA ; The Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education, Scranton, Pa., - - 2013
Though it is well known that weight loss tends to decrease blood pressure, the quantitative association between the magnitude of weight loss and the effect on the need for antihypertensive medications is not well studied. We analyzed this association among overweight and obese attendees at two outpatient weight management centers. ...
Davison Karen M - - 2013
To help address gaps in information about the links that exist between psychiatric medications and weight changes, an investigation of relationships among select psychotropic agents (i.e., mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and second-generation antipsychotics {SGAs}), eating behaviors, and weight was conducted. Data from a cross-sectional study of food habits in 97 individuals ...
Lam Edward Cf - - 2013
Native Hawaiians (NH) represent a unique population where socioeconomic factors have contributed to higher incidence rates of obesity and related comorbidities than in the general population resulting in substantial prescription medication costs. Studies demonstrate that laparoscopic Roux-en-y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery results in significant weight loss, improvement of comorbidities, and ...
Patterson Lynsey - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Taking antiobesity medication can be a cost effective way to lose weight. Uptake is determined in part by a General Practitioner's decision to prescribe weight loss medication and, in part, by patient preference. It is probable that the latter may indicate a patient's readiness to lose weight. METHODS: Analysis ...
Jeffers Amy - - 2013
In recent years there has been a dramatic increase in the non-medical use of prescription drugs among young adults including an increase in the use of prescription stimulants normally used to treat ADHD. Reported motivations for the non-medical use of prescription stimulants (NPS) include enhancing academic performance and to get ...
Apter Alan - - 2013
Psychiatric medications have many implications on weight and growth. Stimulant medications may produce appetite loss and thus affect growth. Second-generation antipsychotics which are widely used for psychosis and many other indications may cause weight gain and subsequent metabolic disease. Weight loss such as that seen in anorexia nervosa may severely ...
You Chang Hoon CH Yonsei Business Research Institute and School of Business, Yonsei University, Korea E-mail : - - 2013
Background: This study aimed to examine out-of-pocket expenditure for cancer treatments of hospitalized patients and to analyze changing patterns over time. Materials and Methods: This study examined data of all cancer patients receiving inpatient care from two tertiary hospitals from January 2003 to December 2010. Medical expenditures per admission were ...
Aslam Hafiz Muhammad HM Dow Medical College, Dow University Of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2013
Energy drink is a type of beverage which contains stimulant drugs chiefly caffeine and marketed as mental and physical stimulator. Coffee, tea, soft drinks and other caffeinated beverages are not considered as energy drinks. Purpose of our study was to evaluate the awareness of medical students regarding energy drinks and ...
Usher K - - 2012
ACCESSIBLE SUMMARY: Weight gain is a known, predictable side-effect of second-generation antipsychotic drugs. Study participants reported struggling to manage the insatiable appetite and weight gained associated with the drugs. Cessation of prescribed medication was considered by most as a way of managing the weight gain associated with the drugs. ABSTRACT: ...
Patel Mansi - - 2013
Hair loss is a common complaint, both in men and women, and use of prescription medications is widespread. When there is a temporal association between the onset of hair loss and commencement of a medication, the medication is commonly thought to have caused the hair loss. However, hair loss and ...
Fairhurst Charlie - - 2012
The descriptive term of cerebral palsy encompasses the largest group of childhood movement disorders. Severity and pattern of clinical involvement varies widely dependent on the area of the central nervous system compromised. A multidisciplinary team approach is vital for all the aspects of management to improve function and minimise disability. ...
Mandato Ylenia - - 2012
Physicians are subjected to an increasing number of medical malpractice claims, and radiology is one of the specialties most liable to claims of medical negligence The etiology of radiological error is multifactorial, deriving by poor technique, failures of perception, lack of knowledge, and misjudgments. Reducing errors will improve patient care, ...
Talasz H - - 2012
Polypharmacy as well as urinary incontinence are common geriatric problems. Possible adverse drug effects remain a matter of concern in geriatric medicine and must be considered in urinary incontinence. The occurrence or aggravation of lower urinary tract symptoms might be caused by medication, especially when the symptom is newly diagnosed. ...
Puppo Vincenzo - - 2012
In 1950, Gräfenberg described a distinct erotogenic zone on the anterior wall of the vagina, which was referred to as the Gräfenberg spot (G-spot) by Addiego, Whipple (a nurse) et al. in 1981. As a result, the G-spot has become a central topic of popular speculation and a basis of ...
Tsompos C - - 2012
Seldom, the physician faces cases of suboptimal quality of manufacture for various ancillary medical materials. More specifically, a defective medical aid can lend dimensions similar with those of a typical medical complication. Naturally the next step is the investigation and management of complication. The physician will be supposed to have in mind ...
Yang Rachel L - - 2012
BACKGROUND: At our hospital, medical students lost privileges to perform urinary catheterization because of concern regarding catheter-associated urinary tract infections. We hypothesized that trained medical students could perform urinary catheterization with the same proficiency as licensed practitioners. METHODS: Medical students completed a credentialing program in urinary catheterization. Prospectively, the rate ...
Loehrl Todd A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To clarify the relationship between chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and extraesophageal reflux (EER) using state-of-the-art technology. We hypothesized that patients with medically and surgically refractory CRS would have a greater prevalence of EER. We also hypothesized that there would be evidence of gastric refluxate reaching the nasopharynx and paranasal sinuses. ...
Shojai Raha - - 2012
ABSTRACT Objectives To increase awareness of the possible existence of a morbidly adherent placenta in case of failed early medical abortion. Case We report a case of placenta increta which caused a massive haemorrhage during surgical aspiration following a failed medical abortion. Conclusion Women with a history of caesarean section, ...
Elsamra Sammy E - - 2012
Analgesic and anesthetic medications may affect lower urinary tract function via a variety of mechanisms. This article reviews the more commonly used medications and their effects on lower urinary tract function.
Shin Myung-Hee - - 2012
The aims of this study were to determine the benefits of short-term empirical proton pump inhibitor (PPI) medication on laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and to determine whether scores on the reflux symptom index (RSI) and the reflux finding score (RFS) could be combined to identify subgroups of patients that will more ...
Vissamsetti Bharat - - 2012
When prescribing, doctors usually only consider the 'active' component of any drug's formulation ignoring the majority of the agents which make up the bulk of the tablet or capsule, collectively known as excipients. Many urological drugs contain the excipient gelatin which is, universally, of animal origin; this may conflict with ...
Malcolm William F - - 2012
Pharmacotherapy for gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in neonates, aimed at interfering with this physiologic process and potentially reducing the negative sequelae that providers often attribute to GER, consists primarily of drugs that increase the viscosity of feeds, reduce stomach acidity, or improve gut motility. Medications used to treat clinical signs thought ...
Douali Nassim - - 2012
Incorrect or improper diagnostic tests uses have important implications for health outcomes and costs. Clinical Decision Support Systems purports to optimize the use of diagnostic tests in clinical practice. The computerized medical reasoning should not only focus on existing medical knowledge but also on physician's previous experiences and new knowledge. ...
Pantenburg Birte - - 2012
Studies from the USA have identified medical students as a major source of stigmatizing attitudes towards overweight and obese individuals. As data from Europe is scarce, medical students' attitudes were investigated at the University of Leipzig in Leipzig, Germany. Cross-sectional survey containing an experimental manipulation consisting of a pair of ...
Morris Brian J BJ School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia. - - 2012
A potential impediment to evidence-based policy development on medical male circumcision (MC) for HIV prevention in all countries worldwide is the uncritical acceptance by some of arguments used by opponents of this procedure. Here we evaluate recent opinion-pieces of 13 individuals opposed to MC. We find that these statements misrepresent ...
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