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Russell Leslie - - 2013
Torsades de pointes is a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia that can quickly evolve into ventricular fibrillation and sudden death. This arrhythmia often occurs secondary to medication- induced cardiac repolarization dysfunction with resultant prolonged QTc interval on ECG. Numerous medications can predispose patients to this deadly tachycardia. We report a case of ...
Altman Alon D - - 2012
Objectives: The primary objective of this study was to examine the role of aromatase inhibitors (AIs) as first- or second-line medical treatment in women with endometrial adenocarcinoma who were not candidates for surgical management. The secondary objective was to examine the role of AIs in adjuvant and palliative treatment. Methods: ...
Latuga Natalie M - - 2012
Symptom management at the end of life relies heavily on medications. For this reason, pharmacists are an ideal addition to the interdisciplinary hospice team (IDT). The aim of this study is to characterize the utilization of pharmacists in hospices from the hospice administrator and pharmacist perspectives and to determine the ...
Knudsen Hannah K - - 2012
Despite growing interest in the use of evidence-based treatment practices for treating substance use disorders, adoption of medications by treatment programs remains modest. Drawing on resource dependence and institutional theory, this study examined the relationships between adoption of medications by treatment programs and their perceptions about the state policy environment. ...
Nguyen Christina - - 2011
Objective  The objective of this article was to critically evaluate the causes of adverse drug events during the nurse medication administration process in paediatric care units in order to identify and prioritize interventions that need to be implemented. Methodology  This is a failure mode, effects and criticality analysis (FMECA) study. ...
Shehnaz Syed Ilyas - - 2011
Animal experiments continue to play an integral role in Indian undergraduate medical education, even though alternatives are becoming increasingly available. In this context, this study aimed to assess the perceptions of pharmacology faculty members from medical colleges in southern India regarding the use of animals and alternatives in experimental pharmacology, ...
Holliman Damian - - 2011
Introduction. Medical error can result in significant morbidity and even mortality. Public and media attention remains focussed on its incidence and causes. Appreciation of patient perception of medical error in the neurosurgical setting is limited. This study investigated patients' perceptions of potential medical error during craniotomy for brain tumour and ...
Khan Fauzia Anis - - 2011
To explore the fourth year medical student's knowledge regarding anaesthesia as a specialty, their attitude towards anaesthesia as a career choice and the effect of clinical clerkship on these. This survey was conducted in the Department of Anaesthesia of a university medical centre in a developing country. One hundred and ...
Wong Mimi M C - - 2011
Introduction: Medication adherence is critical to the management of psychotic disorder. Different factors associated with medication adherence have been investigated in previous studies. However, the association with subjective weight perception, which is related to the weight gain side effect of antipsychotics, has not been thoroughly investigated. Subjective weight perception may ...
Villagran Melinda - - 2011
This study examined communication and culture in clinicians' interactions with Mexican immigrants in Texas. Specifically, we explore the unique interplay among levels of acculturation, beliefs about culturally-based medical practices, perceptions of medical encounters, and the likelihood of adherence to medical therapy recommendations from US providers. Results suggest that: (a) acculturation ...
Freischlag Julie Ann - - 2011
The interaction between pharmaceutical and device companies and hospitals and physicians has undergone significant transformation in the past few years due to the public's perception that bias may result when such relationships are not disclosed and monitored. Policies need to be written by medical centers and hospitals to preserve and ...
Ravera Silvia - - 2011
To examine the association between the use of commonly prescribed psychotropic medications and road traffic accident risk. A record-linkage database was used to perform a case-control study in The Netherlands. The data came from three sources: pharmacy prescription data, police traffic accident data and driving licence data. Cases were defined ...
Wall Melanie M MM Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032-3727, USA. - - 2011
Since 1996, 16 states have legalized marijuana use for medical purposes. The current study provides a scientific assessment of the association of medical marijuana laws (MML) and adolescent marijuana use using national data. State representative survey data on approximately 23,000 12-17 year olds were collected by the National Survey on ...
Haviland Mark G - - 2011
Student mistreatment in medical school is a persistent problem with both known and unexplored consequences [corrected]. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a perception of having been mistreated in medical school had an association with planning a full-time career in academic medicine. Using Association of American Medical ...
Vos Joël - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies suggest that learning a DNA-test-result has no direct impact on the medical-decisions and psychological well-being of counselees. Their perception, especially their recollections and interpretations of their cancer-risks and heredity, predict and/or mediate this impact. These studies were criticized for their small range of predictors, mediators, outcomes and ...
Ajani R S - - 2011
Human anatomy is a foundation course in medicine and dentistry with one of its components being gross, of which cadaveric dissection (CD) is an important part. Recently there has been a wide spread debate as to the relevance or otherwise of CD in the learning of anatomy by the students. ...
Frantz David J - - 2011
Historically, physicians have perceived the quality of nutrition training during medical school as inadequate. A literature review suggests that this perception has not significantly changed since the 1950s. Many schools have worked to create clinical nutrition curricula for use during medical school. Interestingly, data suggest that medical students' perception of ...
Pfeiffer Annett - - 2011
Context: A key element of the doctor-patient relationship is to understand the patient's and doctor's perceptions of quality care. Objectives: To assess the perceptions of good and bad doctors among first-year medical students and local community members in a semi-urban, African settings. Methods: Using open-ended and closed dichotomous questions, 115 ...
Knebel Ann R - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to set the context for this special issue of Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness on the allocation of scarce resources in an improvised nuclear device incident. A nuclear detonation occurs when a sufficient amount of fissile material is brought suddenly together to reach ...
Murrain-Hill Paula - - 2011
For efficient and effective medical responses to mass casualty events, detailed advanced planning is required. For federal responders, this is an ongoing responsibility. The US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) prepares playbooks with formal, written plans that are reviewed, updated, and exercised regularly. Recognizing that state and local ...
Li Ping - - 2011
This study sought to identify medical librarians' roles in supporting evidence-based medicine (EBM) practice; determine whether medical librarians' work settings, work experiences, or job titles made a difference in their EBM responsibilities; and find out medical librarians' perceptions of their roles in EBM practice. An online survey was distributed to ...
Nieman D H - - 2011
The patient in this case report had two severe medical conditions that require oppositional treatment: prolactinoma and psychosis. A prolactinoma is a benign tumour of the pituitary gland that produces prolactin. Dopamine agonist medication is the first-line treatment in patients with prolactinoma. The psychotic symptoms started after a dosage increase ...
Smith Matthew - - 2010
Background and Aims: Medication nonadherence has been linked to poor cardiovascular health outcomes and increased healthcare utilization and costs. While studies examine medication pill counts, less is known about intentional adjustments in medication use due to economic factors. The purpose of this study is to examine factors affecting economically-driven medication ...
Mackowiak Philip A - - 2010
Saladin, "noble enemy" of Richard the Lionheart and victor at the battle of Hattin, died suddenly in 1193 A.D. at the age of 56. The clinical information preserved in the historical record is insufficient to render a definitive diagnosis for Saladin's final illness, and yet, it contains enough details to ...
Deutschbein T - - 2011
Efficacy of medical treatment in patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency is usually monitored by measurement of 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP). Saliva instead of serum sampling offers some advantages, such as painless handling and measurement of the bioactive free hormone. This study evaluated the diagnostic validity of salivary 17OHP for monitoring medical treatment, with ...
Roberts William O - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To report the number of marathon finishers younger than 18 years and race day medical encounters at the same site and to compare them with adult finishers. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Urban 42-km road race. PARTICIPANTS: Twin Cities Marathon finishers. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: The race records from ...
Cleenewerck Marie-Bernadette - - 2010
Occupational dermatitis to personal protective equipment (PPE), particularly to gloves, mainly occurs in healthcare workers. They are all irritant and/or allergic contact dermatitis (eczema and contact urticaria). Prolonged glove wearing by healthcare workers favours skin irritation of the hands and wrists. It is very important to consider characteristics and materials ...
Broach John P - - 2010
On January 12, 2010, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred approximately 10 miles west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, and created one of the worst humanitarian disasters in history. The purpose of this report is to describe the types of illness experienced by people living in tent camps around the city in the ...
Perkins K A - - 2010
Brief procedures for evaluating medication efficacy may reveal which candidate drugs warrant further testing in clinical trials and which do not. We previously carried out a study of smoking abstinence, involving the nicotine patch, and established the sensitivity of our procedure. In this study, we sought to cross-validate our earlier ...
Baird Drew - - 2010
A 66-year-old woman came into the emergency department with a diffuse rash and a cough. She had a rash on the palms of her hands, which had developed the day before, but had improved a bit. She also had a rash on her feet, legs, and lower abdomen, which had ...
Cheng Y W - - 2010
This study investigated the type and amount of medical waste generated from small clinical facilities in Taiwan. We sampled 200 small medical establishments, with few or no patient beds, to survey the wastes generated and disposed. The surveyed medical facilities consisted of four groups including private clinics, medical laboratories, blood ...
Ben-Shlomo Gil - - 2010
A 10-year-old, spayed female Bichon Frise was referred to the Veterinary Medical Center of the University of Florida with a 6-week history of blepharospasm and a nonhealing ulcer of the left eye. Ophthalmic examination revealed a 3-4 mm diameter corneal ulcer with faint edema at the lesion edge, and a ...
Dykewicz Mark S - - 2010
Rhinitis and sinusitis are among the most common medical conditions and are frequently associated. In Western societies an estimated 10% to 25% of the population have allergic rhinitis, with 30 to 60 million persons being affected annually in the United States. It is estimated that sinusitis affects 31 million patients ...
Mizuno Yasuhiro - - 2010
It is unclear how changes in the content and number of news reports over time affect the impressions made in the minds of newspaper readers. This study targeted news reports in major newspapers regarding an incident of mass nosocomial Serratia infection that occurred at one clinic. The trends in the ...
Bernal Olivier D - - 2010
A 170µW readout IC for a capacitive MEMS acceleration sensor was implemented in a 1.5V 0.13µm CMOS for high-end medical motion sensing applications. The accelerometer achieves a 45µg/vHz noise floor and a dynamic range larger than 87dB for a 400Hz bandwidth. Power reduction is achieved by introducing reset and common-mode ...
Reardon Gregory - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Prior research has demonstrated that medication persistence (continued acquisition of therapy over time) is far from optimal among patients with glaucoma. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate persistence with prostaglandin analogs among glaucoma patients in the first therapy year using a modification of a previously published ...
Al-Haqwi Ali I - - 2010
The subject of Biomedical Ethics has become recognized as an essential integral component in the undergraduate curriculum of medical students. (1) To review the current Biomedical Ethics Course offered at the College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS). (2) To explore the perception of medical ...
Hansen Richard A - - 2010
Non-adherence is a significant problem with antidepressants. Identifying patients at highest risk for discontinuing antidepressant treatment can be used to target clinical management. Accordingly, our purpose was to determine the shortest gap in medication supply that is predictive of discontinuation, while minimizing false positive results. A retrospective cohort study of ...
Valera Marcia Carneiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the action of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) associated with an intracanal medication against Candida albicans and Enterococcus faecalis inoculated in root canals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-six human single-rooted teeth with single root canals were used. The canals were contaminated with C. albicans ...
Malkhassian Gevik - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Clinical assessment of the efficacy of novel root canal disinfection protocols is an important focus in endodontic research. This randomized double-blinded study assessed the antibacterial efficacy of a final rinse with BioPure MTAD (MTAD) and intracanal medication with 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) in teeth with apical periodontitis. METHODS: Canals ...
Singh Surjit - - 2009
Lead poisoning following intake of Ayurvedic medication is one of the recent areas of concern. We report a case of a 58-year-old type II diabetic man who was stable with diet control and 30 mg pioglitazone per day. He took Ayurvedic medication for generalized weakness and developed peripheral neuropathy following ...
Davis Ann McGrath - - 2009
The current article describes a 14-week outpatient protocol for transitioning from gastrostomy tube to oral feeding in toddlers with medical complications. The team ensured that eating skills were mastered before treating patients for 8 weeks with continuous gastrojejunal drip tube feedings and low-dose tricyclic antidepressant and/or gabapentin. We prescribed 6 ...
Edlich Richard F - - 2009
This article reviews information on the hazards of cornstarch powder on medical gloves. Dusting powders were first applied to latex gloves to facilitate donning. After 1980, manufacturers devised innovative techniques without dusting powder. It has been well documented that these powders on gloves present a health hazard to patients and ...
Tervit Craig - - 2009
Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) is a potential intracanal medicament, but data on healing after its use are lacking. Previously we reported on bacterial sampling in 22 teeth with apical periodontitis medicated with CHX. This study assessed healing in those teeth. Canals were instrumented and medicated with 2% CHX liquid for 7-15 ...
Guenter Peggi - - 2009
Enteral misconnections are defined as inadvertent connections between enteral feeding systems and nonenteral systems such as intravascular lines, peritoneal dialysis catheters, tracheostomy tube cuffs, medical gas tubing, and so on. Sentinel event data and causative factors are outlined along with potential solutions to prevent such medical errors. The solutions can ...
Chiampas George - - 2009
In preparing for medical coverage of a mass participation event such as a marathon, race directors and their medical staff members need to account for the unexpected. Extremes in weather as well as the potential for outside threats need to be given consideration before race day in order to adequately ...
Brown Robert H - - 2009
In a follow-up to a previous article, which described the approach at The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions to establishing a latex-safe environment, subsequent efforts to convert all the sterile gloves to nonlatex products and thereby complete the implementation of a latex-safe program are reported. Before the complete conversion to nonlatex ...
Doyle Derek - - 2009
This paper looks at arsenic, and in particular the trioxide, from the days of the ancient Chinese, Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, through the 17th-20th centuries to its adoption by today's haematologists. It looks at its commercial and medical uses, past and present, its notoriety as a poison, it's reputation as ...
Bowser P R - - 2009
Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were medicated with florfenicol (AQUAFLOR type A medicated article; Schering-Plough Animal Health, Summit, New Jersey) via a medicated ration at 15 mg florfenicol x kg fish body weight(-1) d(-1) for 10 d to compare the elimination kinetics of the test article in different size fish held ...
Sansing L H - - 2009
To examine whether antiplatelet medication use at onset of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with hemorrhage growth and outcome after spontaneous ICH using a large, prospectively collected database from a recent clinical trial. The Cerebral Hemorrhage and NXY-059 Treatment trial was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of NXY-059 after spontaneous ICH. ...
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