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Sansing L H - - 2009
To examine whether antiplatelet medication use at onset of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with hemorrhage growth and outcome after spontaneous ICH using a large, prospectively collected database from a recent clinical trial. The Cerebral Hemorrhage and NXY-059 Treatment trial was a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of NXY-059 after spontaneous ICH. ...
Merlin Mark A - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The investigation seeks to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) on the stethoscopes of emergency medical services (EMS) providers. While stethoscopes are known fomites for MRSA, the prevalence of MRSA in the prehospital setting is not well documented in the literature. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational ...
Dunin-Bell Ola - - 2009
Climbers who have suffered a previous episode of high altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) are at significantly increased risk of developing it again on return to high altitude. In spite of the high mortality associated with HAPE, some climbers are willing to take this risk in order to summit the tallest ...
Oo Moe Thaw - - 2009
A 56-year-old lady was admitted with complaint of involuntary muscle twitching around the eyes, face and neck for two days. She had a history of low grade non-hodgkin lymphoma with completion of the first cycle of chemotherapy. Her medication on presenting consisted of Ondansetron 8 mg two times a day ...
Fogel Joyce F - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Describe and evaluate a method for assessing whether physical restraint prevalence differs by timing and frequency of data collection and to determine the minimum period of observation necessary to provide accurate prevalence estimates on both Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and medical-surgical units. DESIGN: Two-period, cross-sectional design with repeated observations ...
Bhosle Monali - - 2009
To determine the degree to which swallowing valproate (VP) tablets is an issue, the proportion of patients who would prefer an alternative formulation, and the predictors of preference. A quantitative telephone survey of eligible adults (n = 400, >/=18 years old) who currently take (n = 236) or previously took ...
Martinez-Kawas, Adrian
Carryover of medicated feed additives between batches of feed can potentially result in harmful drug residues in the edible tissues of food-animals. Flushing the equipment with an ingredient, such as ground grain, is one method used to remove any residual medicated feed from the system. It is generally recommended that ...
Zack Jeanne - - 2008
Central line-associated bacteremia (CLAB) is associated with increased intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay (LOS) of up to 6 days, increased hospital LOS of approximately 21 days, attributable mortality of approximately 35%, and incremental costs of approximately $56,000 per infection. In 1999 in the surgical-burn-trauma ICU at Barnes Jewish ...
Mendez Diana - - 2008
Hygiene protocols for handling amphibians in the field and in laboratories have been proposed to decrease the transmission of chytridiomycosis caused by infection with the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, which is responsible for global amphibian declines. However, these protocols are mainly based on theoretical principles. The aim of this ...
Patterson Freda - - 2009
Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are a key target in medication development for various neuropsychiatric disorders, including nicotine dependence. Varenicline, a partial agonist at the alpha4beta2 nAChRs, is a new, efficacious medication for nicotine dependence. Its effects on the affective and cognitive dimensions of nicotine withdrawal have yet to be ...
Li Quanjun - - 2008
Single crystalline TiO2-B nanoribbons with high-density nanocavities were successfully synthesized via a simple hydrothermal route. The as-prepared TiO2-B nanoribbons exhibited a large Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller (BET) surface area of about 305 m(2)/g because of the high-density nanocavities inside the thin nanoribbons. Electrochemical measurements indicated that the TiO2-B nanoribbons with ...
Krizkova-Kudlikova Iva - - 2008
Two polyclonal antibodies (Pab) were developed for the detection of Tribolium castaneum, which is a stored product pest of medical and economical importance. Selected Pab anti- T. castaneumK51 showed low cross-reactivity to other stored product arthropods but revealed high reactivity to T. destructor, T. confusum, and partly to Tenebrio molitor. ...
Schoene Robert B - - 2008
High-altitude illnesses have profound consequences on the health of many unsuspecting and otherwise healthy individuals who sojourn to high altitude for recreation and work. The clinical manifestations of high-altitude illnesses are secondary to the extravasation of fluid from the intravascular to extravascular space, especially in the brain and lungs. The ...
Paciorek Christopher J - - 2008
We analyze the strength of association between aerosol optical depth (AOD) retrievals from the GOES aerosol/smoke product (GASP) and ground-level fine particulate matter (PM2.5) to assess AOD as a proxy for PM2.5 in the United States. GASP AOD is retrieved from a geostationary platform, giving half-hourly observations every day, in ...
Sobolev Alexander V - - 2008
Recycled subducted ocean crust has been traced by elevated 187Os/188Os in some studies and by high nickel and low manganese contents in others. Here, we show that these tracers are linked for Quaternary lavas of Iceland, strengthening the recycling model. An estimate of the osmium isotopic composition of both the ...
Keating Aileen F - - 2008
Females are born with a finite number of primordial follicles. 4-Vinylcyclohexene diepoxide (VCD) is a metabolite formed by epoxidation of 4-vinylcyclohexene (VCH) via its two monoepoxides 1,2- and 7,8-4-vinylcyclohexene monoepoxide (VCM). VCD specifically destroys small preantral (primordial and small primary) follicles in the rodent ovary. The phase I enzyme, cytochrome ...
Sullivan Patrick W - - 2008
Objective:To examine the effect of obesity and cardiometabolic risk factors on medical expenditures and missed work days.Methods and Procedures:The 2000 and 2002 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), a nationally representative survey of the US population, was used to estimate the marginal effect of obesity (BMI >/= 30) on annual per-person ...
Firth P G - - 2008
During an expedition to climb Everest in 1933, expedition doctor Raymond Greene administered an open-drop chloroform anaesthetic to a Tibetan patient at an altitude of more than 14,000 feet. The patient's subsequent apparent cardiopulmonary arrest has long been attributed to the effects of altitude on anaesthetic delivery. However, anaesthetics can ...
Mahadevan Amala - - 2008
McGillicuddy et al. (Reports, 18 May 2007, p. 1021) proposed that eddy/wind interactions enhance the vertical nutrient flux in mode-water eddies, thus feeding large mid-ocean plankton blooms. We argue that the supply of nutrients to ocean eddies is most likely affected by submesoscale processes that act along the periphery of ...
Kaneene John B - - 2008
A randomized intervention study was conducted to determine if discontinuing use of calf milk replacer medicated with oxytetracycline results in increased tetracycline susceptibility in Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. and Escherichia coli in dairy calves over a 12-month period. Dairy herds with enteric bacteria with known low tetracycline susceptibility were enrolled ...
Al-Mohammed Hamdan I - - 2008
Ticks infesting rodents in Asir Province, which is about 3000 meter above sea level, were surveyed in Wadi Dalaghan and Wadi Bin Hachbal. They were examined from September to December 2006, where ten local life baited traps were distributed for 3 days each month. The rodents were Acomys c. dimitatus ...
Luks Andrew M - - 2008
With increasing numbers of people traveling to high altitude for work or pleasure, there is a reasonable chance that many of these travelers have preexisting medical conditions or are receiving various medications at the time of their sojourn. As with all travelers to high altitude, they are at risk for ...
Fitzgerald T D - - 2008
The larvae of the fall webworm, Hyphantria cunea (Dru.), though vulnerable to cyanide poisoning, consume the cyanogenic leaves of black cherry, Prunus serotina, without apparent harm. The cyanide contents of leaves, defensive regurgitant, the bolus, and frass were assayed by ion chromatography to determine the fate of the toxin in ...
Joseph Rotem - - 2008
A 6-month-old domestic shorthair female cat was presented with suspected diaphragmatic hernia (DH) that was later confirmed by thoracic radiography. The cat underwent exploratory celiotomy with a diaphragmatic rupture (DR) repair and recovered. Six days later, it was represented with vomiting and anorexia. Megaoesophagus (MO) and gastric dilatation were diagnosed ...
Olsvik Pål A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Emamectin benzoate (EB) is a dominating pharmaceutical drug used for the treatment and control of infections by sea lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) on Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L). Fish with an initial mean weight of 132 g were experimentally medicated by a standard seven-day EB treatment, and the concentrations of ...
Wilson Grant D - - 2008
The Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA) is an accepted adjunct for airway management in emergency patients. There are a number of case reports describing its use in transport medicine for infant to adult patients, including during flight. Although studies of the effect altitude has on air-filled tracheal tubes exists, we were ...
Buck Vinodini E - - 2007
Many studies have measured surface oil on potato chips and spray dried powders using either petroleum ether or hexane. This study compared the effectiveness of the 2 solvents using aluminum squares to ensure oil stays on the surface of the sample during the measurement. Aluminum squares were sprayed with soybean ...
Zubieta-Calleja G R - - 2007
Adaptation takes place not only when going to high altitude, as generally accepted, but also when going down to sea level. Immediately upon ascent to high altitude, the carotid body senses the lowering of the arterial oxygen partial pressure due to a diminished barometric pressure. High altitude adaptation is defined ...
Parthasarathi K - - 2007
Growth (length, biomass and mean growth rate) and reproduction (total duration, clitellum appearance, clitellum completion, cocoon commencement, rate of cocoon production, incubation period, hatching success and mean number of hatching per cocoon) of indigenous Lampito mauritii (Kinberg) in comparison with exotic Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) cultured on three feed substrates-clay loam ...
Schueller Laurent - - 2008
A dog model was developed to test the capacity of boosters for antiretroviral medication. Two dogs were implanted with a modified constant-flow Codman 3000 infusion pump, adapted to release viscous solutions of darunavir (TMC114) at a constant rate of 25mg/dog/day in the venous blood stream. Booster candidates were given by ...
Marschall Jonas - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of central venous catheter (CVC)-associated bloodstream infection (CA-BSI) among patients admitted to general medical wards outside the intensive care unit (ICU). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study performed over a 13-month period, from April 1, 2002, through April 30, 2003. SETTING: Four selected general medical wards at ...
Osei-Atweneboana Mike Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ivermectin has been used for onchocerciasis control since 1987. Because of the long-term use of this drug and the development of resistance in other nematodes, we have assessed Onchocerca volvulus burdens, effectiveness of ivermectin as a microfilaricide, and its effect on adult female worm reproduction. METHODS: For the first ...
Weil Zachary M - - 2007
This study examined photoperiodic regulation of affective behaviours in collared lemmings (Dicrostonyx groenlandicus). Male and female lemmings were housed in either long (LD 22:2), intermediate (LD 16:8), or short days (LD 8:16) for 9 weeks. Exposure to short days induced moult to a winter pelage and gonadal regression in male, ...
Chiu Alexander G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Rhinosinusitis after functional endoscopic sinus surgery often is recalcitrant to conventional medical management. Topical therapies have been popularized as a method to deliver powerful medications to diseased mucosa while limiting systemic toxicity. The aim of this study was to develop an animal model that will provide objective data in ...
Kim Daekeun - - 2007
This study was conducted to improve struvite precipitation for NH4-N removal purpose in landfill leachate. For this purpose, we evaluated the effect of the feeding sequence of precipitating reagents (magnesium, orthophosphate, and buffering reagent) on NH4-N removal by forming struvite deposits. Struvite precipitation effectively proceeded by an addition of excess ...
Woerner D R - - 2006
Prevalence of Escherichia coli O157 on cattle entering the slaughter floor may range from 10 to > 70%. This study was conducted to determine the effect of E. coli O157 prevalence in fecal pats collected from feedlot pen floors on subsequent E. coli O157 prevalence on carcasses at various points ...
Maakestad Kirsten - - 2006
Most physicians who practice in Missouri will never treat high-altitude illness, but some of their patients who travel to the mountains will experience it. High-altitude illness can often be prevented if patients are educated and prepared. This review focuses on prevention of high-altitude illness for the average Missouri traveler who ...
- - 2006
The National Toxicology Program (NTP) Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction (CERHR) conducted an updated evaluation of the potential for DEHP to cause adverse effects on reproduction and development in humans. The first CERHR expert panel evaluation of DEHP was completed in 2000 by the Phthalates Expert ...
Clarke C - - 2006
This article summarises the medical problems of travel to altitudes above 3000 m. These are caused by chronic hypoxia. Acute mountain sickness (AMS), a self limiting common illness is almost part of normal acclimatisation--a transient condition lasting for several days. However, in <2% of people staying above 4000 m, serious ...
Dunkelmann Simone - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the thyroidal kinetics of radioiodine in Graves' disease under continued thiamazole medication and after discontinuation of thiamazole for 1-2 days, with a view to keeping the period of discontinuation as short as possible and to exploring the underlying mechanism of a postulated radioprotective effect of antithyroid ...
Horn, A; Division of ...
The benefits of breastfeeding for infants in the first year of life in developing countries<sup>1</sup> and developed countries<sup>2</sup> are well established. In addition, maternal benefits such as earlier return to pre-pregnant weight,<sup>3</sup> increased child spacing,<sup>4</sup> improved bone re-mineralization postpartum,<sup>5</sup> reduction in hip fractures in the postmenopausal period,<sup>6</sup> reduced risk of ...
Waterman Tami R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Removal of rings is recommended before surgeons aseptically prepare for surgical procedures. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to determine whether there is a difference between bacterial counts under surgical gloves of ring wearers compared with nonring wearers after proper aseptic hand preparation and 3 hours of wear. METHODS: Twenty ...
Tong J L - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Confirming airway patency and the presence of breathing has significant limitations when both the casualty and medical personnel are in NBC category 4R. In casualties with limited signs of breathing, IPE may adversely affect the efficiency of clinical assessment, and when the triage sieve is used this could result ...
Aranami Kazushi - - 2007
A 12-days photolysis experiment of triclosan, a widely used bactericide, was performed in freshwater and seawater under a low intensity artificial white light source. Photodegradation of triclosan was observed in both the freshwater and seawater samples. Assuming a first-order reaction, half-lives of triclosan in the freshwater and seawater were approximately ...
Monnet Xavier - - 2007
Brief coronary artery occlusion (CAO) and reperfusion induce myocardial stunning and late preconditioning. Postsystolic wall thickening (PSWT) also develops with CAO and reperfusion. However, the time course of PSWT during stunning and the regional function pattern of the preconditioned myocardium remain unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate ...
Jung Julia - - 2006
In the presented case, a young healthy woman had ordered a Chinese herbal medicine, called "LiDa Dai Dai Hua Jiao Nang", via internet. She took this product for approximately 1 week, but on the second day she developed severe headache, vertigo and sensation of numbness. After discontinuing medication, symptoms disappeared ...
Kim Sae-Chul - - 2006
AIM: To investigate how erectile dysfunction (ED) medications affect morning erection in patients with ED and how they respond to the return of morning erection. METHODS: This study was conducted in 120 patients who experienced successful intercourse with either tadalafil or sildenafil. Using a random face-to-face interview and a questionnaire ...
Bhardwaj Sanjay Kumar - - 2006
A study was performed to investigate the effects of complete and skeleton photoperiods on gonadal stimulation in baya weaver, Ploceus philippinus. In August 2003, five groups of acclimatized birds (n = 7 each) were exposed to 6L: 13D: 1L: 4D, 6L: 6D: 1L: 11D, 11L: 13D and 13L: 11D. Birds ...
Slocombe J Owen D - - 2006
Clinical trials using fecal egg count reduction tests and coproculture were conducted with yearlings and mares on a farm in 1997. Fecal samples were taken from each horse to estimate the number of strongyle eggs/g feces with Cornell-Wisconsin centrifugal flotation and Cornell-McMaster dilution techniques. Eleven of 15 yearlings, which had ...
van der Spoel Johan I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the pattern of defecation in critically ill ventilated patients and the influence of selective decontamination (SDD) and other medication. DESIGN: Descriptive cohort study. SETTING: Mixed surgical-medical ICU in a university Hospital. PATIENTS: Ventilated patients with a length of stay >or=7 days taking part in a study on ...
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