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Newnham David - - 2014
I am never quite sure why there is so much anxiety about sharing medical records. If the government made it a criminal offence for private companies to profit from our data, I suspect that our fears would evaporate overnight.
Westerling Ragnar R Department of Public Health and caring sciences, Social Medicine, Uppsala University, BMC, Uppsala, - - 2014
Differences in the performance of medical care may be due to variation in the introduction and diffusion of medical innovations. The objective of this paper is to compare seven European countries (United Kingdom, the Netherlands, West Germany, France, Spain, Estonia and Sweden) with regard to the year of introduction of ...
Kim G E GE Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Electronic claims and medical record databases are important sources of information for medical research. However, potential sources of error and bias, including inaccurate diagnoses, incomplete data, incorrect data entry, and misclassification bias, necessitate studies that assess the validity of these databases. To assess the validity of the diagnostic code for ...
Bai Jennifer R - - 2014
Self- administered questionnaires or interviews and medical records are often used as sources of research data; thus it is essential to evaluate their concordance and reliability. The aim of this paper was to assess the concordance between medical and behavioral data obtained from medical records and interview questionnaires in two ...
Weidinger Paolina - - 2014
There is a gap between prescribed asthma medication and diagnosed asthma in children and adolescents. However, few studies have explored this issue among adults, where asthma medication is also used for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between ...
Lakshminarayan Kamakshi K From the Divisions of Epidemiology and Community Health (K.L., C.F.) and Health Services Research and Policy (B.V.), University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN; Women's Health Initiative Clinical Coordinating Center, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (J.C.L.); Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL (N.B.A.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (M.L.); Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University, School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA (W.C.W.); Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham AL (M.M.S.); and National Institutes of Health/National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Many studies use medical record review for ascertaining outcomes. One large, longitudinal study, the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), ascertains strokes using participant self-report and subsequent physician review of medical records. This is resource-intensive. Herein, we assess whether Medicare data can reliably assess stroke events in the WHI. Subjects were WHI ...
Richesson Rachel R Duke University School of Nursing, 2007 Pearson Bldg, 307 Trent Drive, Durham, NC, 27710. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medication exposure is an important variable in virtually all clinical research, yet there is great variation in how the data are collected, coded, and analyzed. Coding and classification systems for medication data are heterogeneous in structure, and there is little guidance for implementing them, especially in large research networks and ...
Tiffin Paul A PA School for Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing, Durham University Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees TS17 6BH, - - 2014
To determine whether use of the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) examination system used to grant registration for international medical graduates results in equivalent postgraduate medical performance, as evaluated at Annual Review of Competence Progression (ARCP), between UK based doctors who qualified overseas and those who obtained their primary ...
Westergaard Maria L - - 2013
Case definitions of medication-overuse headache (MOH) in population-based research have changed over time. This study aims to review MOH prevalence reports with respect to these changes, and to propose a practical case definition for future studies based on the ICHD-3 beta. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify MOH ...
Anholt R M - - 2013
Companion animals closely share their domestic environment with people and have the potential to, act as sources of zoonotic diseases. They also have the potential to be sentinels of infectious and noninfectious, diseases. With the exception of rabies, there has been minimal ongoing surveillance of, companion animals in Canada. We ...
Thisted Dorthe L A - - 2013
Uterine rupture is a rare but severe complication in pregnancies after a previous cesarean section. In Denmark, the monitoring of uterine rupture is based on reporting of relevant diagnostic codes to the Danish Medical Birth Registry (MBR). The aim of our study was to examine the validity of registration of ...
Maddox Thomas M TM Veterans Affairs Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado; University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado; Colorado Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Consortium, Denver, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study assessed practice variations in secondary prevention medication prescriptions among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients treated in outpatient practices participating in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) registry. Among patients with CAD, secondary prevention with a combination of beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor ...
Chen Yu-Chi - - 2013
With the development of electronic systems, privacy has become an important security issue in real-life. In medical systems, privacy of patients' electronic medical records (EMRs) must be fully protected. However, to combine the efficiency and privacy, privacy preserving index is introduced to preserve the privacy, where the EMR can be ...
Guzik Arlene - - 2013
On April 18, 2012, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) announced plans to develop a National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners. The new plan requires all medical examiners who conduct physical examinations for interstate commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers to meet the following criteria: (1) complete specific training about ...
Playford Denese - - 2013
This study compared rural location identified through the National Registration (AHPRA) registry with location obtained through labour-intensive personal contact. Longitudinal cohort study with two methods to identify the work locations of medical graduates from The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia (RCSWA). Consenting alumni from the University of Western Australia ...
Easton David D Zener Engineering - - 2013
Are electronic engineering maintenance records relating to the hospital estate or a medical device as important as electronic patient records? Computer maintenance management systems (CMMS) are increasingly being used to manage all-round maintenance activities. However, the accuracy of the data held on them, and a level of security that prevents ...
Rådestad Monica - - 2013
Registration of data from a major incident or disaster serves several purposes such as to record data for evaluation of response as well as for research. Data needed can often be retrieved after an incident while other must be recorded during the incident. There is a need for a consensus ...
Belmont Philip J PJ - - 2013
The military offers eight Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited orthopaedic surgery programs with 33 total positions. The Army has 19 orthopedic surgery residency positions and averaged 1.47 applicants per position from 2007 to 2011. Applicants most commonly become eligible for military orthopaedic surgery residency through attendance of the Uniformed ...
Fieler Vickie K - - 2013
This study compared two methods of documenting vital signs: a traditional method where staff wrote vital signs on paper then keyed into an electronic medical record and a wireless system that downloaded vital signs directly into an electronic medical record. The study design was pretest and posttest. Sixty-four sets of ...
Ikeno Fumiaki - - 2013
Patients' access to innovative medical devices in Japan still shows the gap between the other countries. The cause of this device gap is researched from the prior published data. We searched the review time of new innovative devices by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) and the submission time ...
Choo Janet - - 2013
This study examined the effectiveness of an inpatient electronic medication record system in reducing medication errors in Singaporean hospitals. This pre- and post-intervention study involving a control group was undertaken in two Singaporean acute care hospitals. In one hospital the inpatient electronic medication record system was implemented while in another ...
Teh Ruth - - 2013
Self-reported health and disease status is a common method used in epidemiologic studies and surveys involving younger populations, but its reliability in octogenarians is unknown. The objective of the present study was to examine the level of agreement between self-reports and medical records on specific cardiovascular diagnoses. The Life and ...
Rauma Päivi H - - 2013
Self-report is commonly used as a source of information on the use of medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-reported and register-based information on the use of psychoactive medication, especially in respect to antidepressants, and reasons of non-reporting. Study subjects (n = 11,031) originated ...
Hume Keith M - - 2013
Clinical data registries are commonly used worldwide and are implemented for a variety of purposes ranging from physician or facility clinic logs for tracking patients, to collecting outcomes data, to measuring quality improvement or safety of medical devices. In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has used ...
Figueroa C A - - 2013
In the Netherlands, as in many other countries, a paucity of research exists on the attitudes and intentions of medical students toward organ donation. These students are of interest for the effect that increasing medical knowledge might have on the willingness to register as a donor. To examine which factors ...
Nair G Jaya - - 2013
Medical coding and dictionaries for clinical trials have seen a wave of change over the past decade where emphasis on more standardized tools for coding and reporting clinical data has taken precedence. Coding personifies the backbone of clinical reporting as safety data reports primarily depend on the coded data. Hence, ...
Aagaard Lise - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) has traditionally been the sole province of healthcare professionals. In the European Union, more countries have allowed consumers to report ADRs directly to the regulatory agencies. The aim of this study was to characterize ADRs reported by European consumer for nervous system medications. ...
Biese Kevin J - - 2013
An estimated 14% to 25% of all scientific studies in peer-reviewed emergency medicine (EM) journals are medical records reviews. The majority of the chart reviews in these studies are performed manually, a process that is both time-consuming and error-prone. Computer-based text search engines have the potential to enhance chart reviews ...
Al-Zirqi Iqbal I Norwegian Resource Center for Women's Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
To validate uterine rupture registration in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) between 1999 and 2008, and to identify rupture type and causes of incorrect or missed registration during 1967-2008. Population-based study. The validation sample was 392,958 maternities from 21 maternity units registered in MBRN and local Patient Administration ...
Aljarallah Jamal S - - 2013
Adverse events are frequent in clinical practice, but only a few studies in Saudi Arabia have addressed them. The current study was designed to review the lawsuits against healthcare professionals by analyzing records of the cases dealt with by the Medico-legal Committees (MLC) in various provinces in Saudi Arabia, in ...
Mayberry John F - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the number of medical graduates registered with the General Medical Council (GMC) between 1990 and 2005, whose initial training was in Eastern Europe and who came from universities which have subsequently developed an "English Parallel" course and are now within the European ...
Nagata Takashi - - 2013
Following the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011, the Japan Medical Association deployed medical disaster teams to Shinchi-town (population: approximately 8,000), which is located 50 km north of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. The mission of the medical disaster teams sent from Fukuoka, 1,400 km south of ...
Palmer Andrew J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Australia in 2010 using a novel method based on Australia-wide prescription data for MS-specific disease modifying agents. The results obtained were validated against two other prevalence estimates. METHODS: We obtained the total number of ...
Bjeldbak-Olesen Mette - - 2013
The objective of this study was to compare medication reconciliation and medication review based on number, type and severity of discrepancies and drug-related problems (DRPs), denoted errors. This was a retrospective study conducted at the Department of Cardiology, Hillerød Hospital. Medication reconciliation compared the prescriptions in patient records, an electronic ...
Turbyville Joseph C - - 2013
Insect venom hypersensitivity can pose a threat to personnel deployed to a combat zone but the exposure risk in Afghanistan is currently unknown. This study was designed to assess the threat of Hymenoptera stings and associated allergic reactions in Afghanistan. Hymenoptera species were collected during a deployment to southern Afghanistan ...
David Guy - - 2013
The primary objective of this study was to estimate the occurrence and costs of medical errors from the hospital perspective. Methods from a recent actuarial study of medical errors were used to identify medical injuries. A visit qualified as an injury visit if at least 1 of 97 injury groupings ...
Callahan S Todd - - 2013
PURPOSE: To assess the safety of psychotropic medication use in children and adolescents, it is critical to be able to identify suicidal behaviors from medical claims data and distinguish them from other injuries. The purpose of this study was to develop an algorithm using administrative claims data to identify medically ...
Keers Richard N - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To systematically review empirical evidence on the prevalence and nature of medication administration errors (MAEs) in health care settings.DATA SOURCES:Ten electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Scopus, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, PsycINFO, Cochrane Reviews and Trials, British Nursing Index, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, ...
Sellers Morgan M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmissions are gathering increasing attention as a measure of health care quality and as a cost-saving target. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP) recently began collecting data related to 30-day postoperative readmissions. Our objectives were to assess the accuracy of the ACS ...
Sariyar M - - 2013
Introduction We present a framework for data management processes in population-based medical registries. Existing guidelines lack the concreteness we deem necessary for them to be of practical use, especially concerning the establishment of new registries. Therefore, we propose adjustments and concretisations with regard to data quality, data privacy, data security ...
Allin Sara - - 2013
Many studies of medicine use rely on self-reports. Based on pharmacy claims data, this analysis tests whether such self-reports constitute a valid and reliable data source. Linked data from the Canadian Community Health Survey and the Ontario Drug Benefit Program were used to estimate the agreement, based on kappa statistics, ...
Küng Kaspar - - 2013
The purpose of this study was (1) to determine frequency and type of medication errors (MEs), (2) to assess the number of MEs prevented by registered nurses, (3) to assess the consequences of ME for patients, and (4) to compare the number of MEs reported by a newly developed medication ...
Vest-Hansen Betina - - 2013
In recent years, the number of acute hospital admissions has increased and this has imposed both organizational and financial strains on the health care system. Consequently, it is of crucial importance that we have valid data on admission types in the administrative databases in order to provide data for health ...
Bahadori Mohammadkarim - - 2013
Objective. Medication errors are the most common types of medical errors which considerably endanger the patient safety. This survey aimed to study the factors influencing not reporting on medication errors from the nurses' viewpoints in Abbasi Hospital of Miandoab, Iran. Methods. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study conducted ...
Gomoi Valentin - - 2013
Using data mining in collaboration with Clinical Decision Support Systems adds new knowledge as support for medical diagnosis. The current work presents a tool which translates data mining rules supporting generation of medical advices to Arden Syntax formalism. The developed system was tested with data related to 2326 births that ...
Grouin Cyril - - 2013
In this paper, we present a comparison of two approaches to automatically de-identify medical records written in French: a rule-based system and a machine-learning based system using a conditional random fields (CRF) formalism. Both systems have been designed to process nine identifiers in a corpus of medical records in cardiology. ...
Wu Yonghui - - 2013
Worldwide adoption of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) databases in health care have generated an unprecedented amount of clinical data available electronically. There has been an increasing trend in US and western institutions towards collaborating with China on medical research using EMR data. However, few studies have investigated characteristics of EMR ...
Pottas Dalenca - - 2013
This paper explores citizen attitudes towards personal health records. The study was conducted in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. A cross-sectional design was used and structured questionnaires administered by data collectors. Most respondents (90%) believed it to be important to extremely important for their healthcare provider to have ...
Nguyen-Nielsen Mary - - 2013
Denmark has an extensive collection of national and regional medical registries. There are many advantages to registry-based research when investigating genetic diseases which, due to their rarity, can be difficult to identify. In this study, we aimed to provide an updated overview of Danish registries for medical genetic conditions and ...
Cerutti B - - 2013
Selection of medical students varies between German- and French-speaking Swiss faculties. Geneva introduced an aptitude test in 2010, aimed at helping decision making among students. The test was compulsory: it had to be taken by those who intended to register for medical studies. But it was not selective: there was ...
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