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Zhang Shixuan S Interdisciplinary Centre for Health Technology Assessment (HTA) and Public Health (IZPH) University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen, Bavaria, - - 2014
The objective of this paper is to provide a systematic overview of the Chinese medical device registration processes, identify challenges and suggest how these can be addressed. In addition, the paper will outline the impact of new policies and regulations since the restructuring of the China FDA. A systematic review ...
Stacey Sonya S Queensland Children's Medical Research Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Pharmacy, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Royal Children's Hospital, Children's Health Queensland Hospital and Health Service, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
To compare adverse medication events (AMEs) reported in children, via the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision (ICD-10) coding with events reported via other data sources. AME reports were retrieved using codes Y40-Y59 and X40-X44 over 6 months. Patients' charts were manually reviewed to identify events ...
Yue Lilly Q LQ a CDRH, U.S. Food and Drug Administration , 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring , MD - - 2014
Due to the special nature of medical device clinical studies, observational (non-randomized) comparative studies play important roles in the pre-market safety/effectiveness evaluation of medical devices. While historical data collected in earlier investigational device exemption studies of a previously approved medical device have been used to form control groups in comparative ...
Raparelli Valeria V First Medical Clinic, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, - - 2014
Non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) represents a major health-care problem, needing an extensive and strict thrombosis prevention for stroke and cardiovascular (CV) disease risks. NVAF management guidelines recommend adequate antithrombotic and anti-atherosclerotic therapies. Medication adherence has been recognized as a pivotal element in health quality promotion and in the achievement of ...
Rylander Melanie M Departments of Behavioral Health - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Suicide is among the 10 most common causes of death in the United States. Researchers have identified a number of factors associated with completed suicide, including marijuana use, and increased land elevation. Colorado is an ideal state to test the strength of these associations. The state has a ...
Krøigård Thomas T Department of Neurology, Odense University Hospital & Institute of Clinical Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, - - 2014
Previous studies have suggested that dopamine agonists have an antidepressant effect in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. We examined whether fewer PD patients used antidepressant medication, when they were first treated with a dopamine agonist compared to other PD medications. PD patients diagnosed in Denmark were identified, and the diagnosis was ...
Medeiros Camilla C Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Doenças Infecciosas e Parasitárias, Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fiocruz, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, - - 2014
Snails of the family Lymnaeidae act as intermediate hosts in the biological cycle of Fasciola hepatica, which is a biological agent of fasciolosis, a parasitic disease of medical importance for humans and animals. The present work aimed to update and map the spatial distribution of the intermediate host snails of ...
Hoencamp Rigo R Department of Surgery, K6-50, Leiden University Medical Centre, Albinusdreef 2, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC, Leiden, The Netherlands, - - 2014
The patterns and mechanisms of injuries of all Dutch battle casualties (BCs) were analyzed to improve the care for injured service members. We performed an in-depth analysis of all Dutch BCs during the participation of The Netherlands as lead nation in the International Security Assistance Force mission in southern Afghanistan. ...
Bos Joppe W JW Cryptography Research Group, Microsoft Research, Redmond, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Increasingly, confidential medical records are being stored in data centers hosted by hospitals or large companies. As sophisticated algorithms for predictive analysis on medical data continue to be developed, it is likely that, in the future, more and more computation will be done on private patient data. While encryption provides ...
Bhawalkar Js J Department of Community Medicine, Padmashree Dr. D Y Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Center, Dr D Y Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, Maharashtra, - - 2014
Scientific writings provide a link between production of knowledge and its use. They guide to plan for necessary improvements in treatment and prevention modalities. Inadequate and incomplete reporting of research studies weakens the medical literature. The aim of the study was bibliometric analysis of dissertations submitted by medical post-graduate (PGs) ...
Bobo William V WV Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
We validated an algorithm designed to identify new or prevalent users of antidepressant medications via population-based drug prescription records. We obtained population-based drug prescription records for the entire Olmsted County, Minnesota, population from 2011 to 2012 (N=149 629) using the existing electronic medical records linkage infrastructure of the Rochester Epidemiology ...
Chida Koji K Secure Platform Laboratories, NTT Corporation, Tokyo, - - 2014
While the secondary use of medical data has gained attention, its adoption has been constrained due to protection of patient privacy. Making medical data secure by de-identification can be problematic, especially when the data concerns rare diseases. We require rigorous security management measures. Using secure computation, an approach from cryptography, ...
Newnham David - - 2014
I am never quite sure why there is so much anxiety about sharing medical records. If the government made it a criminal offence for private companies to profit from our data, I suspect that our fears would evaporate overnight.
Westerling Ragnar R Department of Public Health and caring sciences, Social Medicine, Uppsala University, BMC, Uppsala, - - 2014
Differences in the performance of medical care may be due to variation in the introduction and diffusion of medical innovations. The objective of this paper is to compare seven European countries (United Kingdom, the Netherlands, West Germany, France, Spain, Estonia and Sweden) with regard to the year of introduction of ...
Kim G E GE Department of Dermatology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Electronic claims and medical record databases are important sources of information for medical research. However, potential sources of error and bias, including inaccurate diagnoses, incomplete data, incorrect data entry, and misclassification bias, necessitate studies that assess the validity of these databases. To assess the validity of the diagnostic code for ...
Bai Jennifer R - - 2014
Self- administered questionnaires or interviews and medical records are often used as sources of research data; thus it is essential to evaluate their concordance and reliability. The aim of this paper was to assess the concordance between medical and behavioral data obtained from medical records and interview questionnaires in two ...
Weidinger Paolina - - 2014
There is a gap between prescribed asthma medication and diagnosed asthma in children and adolescents. However, few studies have explored this issue among adults, where asthma medication is also used for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between ...
Barthélémy Isabelle I , DPharm, is a Research Assistant with the Pharmacy Practice Research Unit, Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Quebec. She is also a pharmacy intern at the Université Lyon, Lyon, - - 2014
A recent symposium on change management highlighted the relatively slow pace of change in the drug-use process. This study was undertaken to determine the degree of concordance between different sources that document levels of conformity with optimal drug-use processes. The primary objective was to compare aggregate national results from the ...
Grupp Helen H Department of Health Economics and Health Services Research, Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany, - - 2014
Mental disorders are frequently investigated in economic evaluations. However, measuring direct costs of mental disorders is complex, in particular in Germany. We conducted a systematic review that investigated the following research questions: Which cost categories are assessed? Is the used data source (patient-reported data from interviews or questionnaires; claims data ...
Lakshminarayan Kamakshi K From the Divisions of Epidemiology and Community Health (K.L., C.F.) and Health Services Research and Policy (B.V.), University of Minnesota School of Public Health, Minneapolis, MN; Women's Health Initiative Clinical Coordinating Center, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA (J.C.L.); Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL (N.B.A.); Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL (M.L.); Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, CA (W.C.W.); Department of Medicine, Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL (M.M.S.); and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
Many studies use medical record review for ascertaining outcomes. One large, longitudinal study, the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), ascertains strokes using participant self-report and subsequent physician review of medical records. This is resource-intensive. Herein, we assess whether Medicare data can reliably assess stroke events in the WHI. Subjects were WHI ...
Richesson Rachel R Duke University School of Nursing, 2007 Pearson Bldg, 307 Trent Drive, Durham, NC, 27710. Electronic address: - - 2014
Medication exposure is an important variable in virtually all clinical research, yet there is great variation in how the data are collected, coded, and analyzed. Coding and classification systems for medication data are heterogeneous in structure, and there is little guidance for implementing them, especially in large research networks and ...
Tiffin Paul A PA School for Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Wolfson Research Institute for Health and Wellbeing, Durham University Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees TS17 6BH, - - 2014
To determine whether use of the Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) examination system used to grant registration for international medical graduates results in equivalent postgraduate medical performance, as evaluated at Annual Review of Competence Progression (ARCP), between UK based doctors who qualified overseas and those who obtained their primary ...
Kopanitsa Georgy G Tomsk State University for Architecture and Building, Tomsk, - - 2014
Presentation of medical data in personal health records (PHRs) requires flexible platform independent tools to ensure easy access to the information. Different backgrounds of the patients, especially elder people require simple graphical presentation of the data. Data in PHRs can be collected from heterogeneous sources. Application of standard based medical ...
Therien Sean P - - 2014
Introduction: Prehospital care documentation is crucial to improving battlefield care outcomes. Developed by United States Army Ranger Special Operations Combat Medics (SOCMs), the Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) is currently fielded to deployed units to record prehospital injury data. This study documents length of time and accuracy of U.S. Army ...
Papazissis Elias E hoMed Medical, Athens, - - 2014
Purpose: The present study aims to develop a simple, reliable and easy tool enabling clinicians to codify the major part of individualized medical details (patient history and findings of physical examination) quickly and easily in routine medical practice, by entering data to a purpose-built software application, using structure data elements ...
Westergaard Maria L - - 2013
Case definitions of medication-overuse headache (MOH) in population-based research have changed over time. This study aims to review MOH prevalence reports with respect to these changes, and to propose a practical case definition for future studies based on the ICHD-3 beta. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify MOH ...
Anholt R M - - 2013
Companion animals closely share their domestic environment with people and have the potential to, act as sources of zoonotic diseases. They also have the potential to be sentinels of infectious and noninfectious, diseases. With the exception of rabies, there has been minimal ongoing surveillance of, companion animals in Canada. We ...
Thisted Dorthe L A - - 2013
Uterine rupture is a rare but severe complication in pregnancies after a previous cesarean section. In Denmark, the monitoring of uterine rupture is based on reporting of relevant diagnostic codes to the Danish Medical Birth Registry (MBR). The aim of our study was to examine the validity of registration of ...
Maddox Thomas M TM Veterans Affairs Eastern Colorado Health Care System, Denver, Colorado; University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, Colorado; Colorado Cardiovascular Outcomes Research Consortium, Denver, Colorado. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study assessed practice variations in secondary prevention medication prescriptions among coronary artery disease (CAD) patients treated in outpatient practices participating in the National Cardiovascular Data Registry (NCDR) Practice Innovation and Clinical Excellence (PINNACLE) registry. Among patients with CAD, secondary prevention with a combination of beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor ...
Chen Yu-Chi - - 2013
With the development of electronic systems, privacy has become an important security issue in real-life. In medical systems, privacy of patients' electronic medical records (EMRs) must be fully protected. However, to combine the efficiency and privacy, privacy preserving index is introduced to preserve the privacy, where the EMR can be ...
Guzik Arlene - - 2013
On April 18, 2012, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) announced plans to develop a National Registry of Certified Medical Examiners. The new plan requires all medical examiners who conduct physical examinations for interstate commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers to meet the following criteria: (1) complete specific training about ...
Playford Denese - - 2013
This study compared rural location identified through the National Registration (AHPRA) registry with location obtained through labour-intensive personal contact. Longitudinal cohort study with two methods to identify the work locations of medical graduates from The Rural Clinical School of Western Australia (RCSWA). Consenting alumni from the University of Western Australia ...
Easton David D Zener Engineering - - 2013
Are electronic engineering maintenance records relating to the hospital estate or a medical device as important as electronic patient records? Computer maintenance management systems (CMMS) are increasingly being used to manage all-round maintenance activities. However, the accuracy of the data held on them, and a level of security that prevents ...
Rådestad Monica - - 2013
Registration of data from a major incident or disaster serves several purposes such as to record data for evaluation of response as well as for research. Data needed can often be retrieved after an incident while other must be recorded during the incident. There is a need for a consensus ...
Belmont Philip J PJ - - 2013
The military offers eight Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited orthopaedic surgery programs with 33 total positions. The Army has 19 orthopedic surgery residency positions and averaged 1.47 applicants per position from 2007 to 2011. Applicants most commonly become eligible for military orthopaedic surgery residency through attendance of the Uniformed ...
Fieler Vickie K - - 2013
This study compared two methods of documenting vital signs: a traditional method where staff wrote vital signs on paper then keyed into an electronic medical record and a wireless system that downloaded vital signs directly into an electronic medical record. The study design was pretest and posttest. Sixty-four sets of ...
Spinler Sarah A SA Dr Spinier is Professor of Clinical Pharmacy, Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, University of the Sciences, - - 2013
Medication therapy management (MTM) is a mandated component of the 2003 Medicare Modernization Act for Part D prescription drug plans and Medicare Advantage plans, authorizing the pharmacist or other qualified provider to identify, resolve, and prevent medication-related problems for patients with chronic diseases. MTM programs have been shown to improve ...
Ikeno Fumiaki - - 2013
Patients' access to innovative medical devices in Japan still shows the gap between the other countries. The cause of this device gap is researched from the prior published data. We searched the review time of new innovative devices by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) and the submission time ...
Choo Janet - - 2013
This study examined the effectiveness of an inpatient electronic medication record system in reducing medication errors in Singaporean hospitals. This pre- and post-intervention study involving a control group was undertaken in two Singaporean acute care hospitals. In one hospital the inpatient electronic medication record system was implemented while in another ...
Teh Ruth - - 2013
Self-reported health and disease status is a common method used in epidemiologic studies and surveys involving younger populations, but its reliability in octogenarians is unknown. The objective of the present study was to examine the level of agreement between self-reports and medical records on specific cardiovascular diagnoses. The Life and ...
Rauma Päivi H - - 2013
Self-report is commonly used as a source of information on the use of medicine. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-reported and register-based information on the use of psychoactive medication, especially in respect to antidepressants, and reasons of non-reporting. Study subjects (n = 11,031) originated ...
Hume Keith M - - 2013
Clinical data registries are commonly used worldwide and are implemented for a variety of purposes ranging from physician or facility clinic logs for tracking patients, to collecting outcomes data, to measuring quality improvement or safety of medical devices. In the United States, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has used ...
Figueroa C A - - 2013
In the Netherlands, as in many other countries, a paucity of research exists on the attitudes and intentions of medical students toward organ donation. These students are of interest for the effect that increasing medical knowledge might have on the willingness to register as a donor. To examine which factors ...
Nair G Jaya - - 2013
Medical coding and dictionaries for clinical trials have seen a wave of change over the past decade where emphasis on more standardized tools for coding and reporting clinical data has taken precedence. Coding personifies the backbone of clinical reporting as safety data reports primarily depend on the coded data. Hence, ...
Manias Elizabeth E Melbourne School of Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC 3010, Australia. - - 2013
This review examines the effectiveness of detection methods in terms of their ability to identify and accurately determine medication-related problems in hospitals. A search was conducted of databases from inception to June 2012. The following keywords were used in combination: medication error or adverse drug event or adverse drug reaction, ...
Aagaard Lise - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Reporting of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) has traditionally been the sole province of healthcare professionals. In the European Union, more countries have allowed consumers to report ADRs directly to the regulatory agencies. The aim of this study was to characterize ADRs reported by European consumer for nervous system medications. ...
Biese Kevin J - - 2013
An estimated 14% to 25% of all scientific studies in peer-reviewed emergency medicine (EM) journals are medical records reviews. The majority of the chart reviews in these studies are performed manually, a process that is both time-consuming and error-prone. Computer-based text search engines have the potential to enhance chart reviews ...
Al-Zirqi Iqbal I Norwegian Resource Center for Women's Health, Oslo, Norway. - - 2013
To validate uterine rupture registration in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway (MBRN) between 1999 and 2008, and to identify rupture type and causes of incorrect or missed registration during 1967-2008. Population-based study. The validation sample was 392,958 maternities from 21 maternity units registered in MBRN and local Patient Administration ...
Aljarallah Jamal S - - 2013
Adverse events are frequent in clinical practice, but only a few studies in Saudi Arabia have addressed them. The current study was designed to review the lawsuits against healthcare professionals by analyzing records of the cases dealt with by the Medico-legal Committees (MLC) in various provinces in Saudi Arabia, in ...
Mayberry John F - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the number of medical graduates registered with the General Medical Council (GMC) between 1990 and 2005, whose initial training was in Eastern Europe and who came from universities which have subsequently developed an "English Parallel" course and are now within the European ...
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