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Schwabe Karen K UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Cardiac arrest and sudden death during distance-running events have been reported but other medical complications, including serious life-threatening complications have not been well described. To document the incidence and nature of medical complications during 21 and 56 km running races. Prospective study. Two Oceans Marathon races (21 and 56 km ...
Carron Pierre-Nicolas PN Emergency physicians at the Service of Emergency Medicine and Learning Centre for Disaster Medicine, University Hospital, Lausanne, - - 2014
In case of a major incident or disaster, the advance medical rescue command needs to manage several essential tasks simultaneously. These include the rapid deployment of ambulance, police, fire and evacuation services, and their coordinated activity, as well as triage and emergency medical care on site. The structure of such ...
van de Vliet P P International Pralympic Committee, Bonn, - - 2014
Injury and illness surveillance plays an integral role in the prevention of injury and the protection of athletes' health, and there are few epidemiological studies documenting injury and illness in Paralympic athletes. A prospective cohort study to report incidence and characteristics of injuries and illnesses in Paralympic athletes. Daily injury ...
Chung Jeffrey M - - 2014
Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability. One in six people in the world will suffer a stroke in their lifetime, with the annual incidence about 117 per 100 000 person-years in developing countries. It has also been shown to be the cause of 10-15% of epilepsies, more ...
Rice J Bradford JB Analysis Group, Inc. Boston, MA, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Estimate the annual incremental per-patient and overall payer burden (2012USD) of venous leg ulcers (VLU) in the US. Methods: Beneficiaries with and without VLU were identified using two de-identified insurance claims databases: ages 65+ from a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (2007-2010: N∼2.3 million) and ages 18-64 ...
Desai Amarsinh M AM James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, - - 2014
Several clinical trials have shown that rhythm-control drugs have serious adverse events and no survival advantage over rate-control drugs in patients with atrial fibrillation. The objectives were to determine and explain the recent trends in outpatient prescribing of both drug classes. Data were obtained over 10 years from the National Ambulatory ...
McCabe Sean Esteban SE Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 204 S. State St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1290, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine trends in the lifetime and past-year prevalence of medical use, diversion, and nonmedical use of four prescription medication classes (i.e., sedative/anxiety, opioid, sleeping, and stimulant) among college students between 2003 and 2013; and to identify demographic and background characteristics associated with trends in past-year nonmedical use of prescription ...
Jensen Majken Linnemann ML Steno Diabetes Center A/S, Gentofte, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a multistate model and an algorithm for calculating long-term adherence to medication among patients with a chronic disease. We propose definitions of the different states of waiting, persistence, with sufficient supply to implement the prescribed dosing regimen, gaps, nonpersistence, and nonacceptance and an algorithm for transitions between states ...
Ng L P LP Tampines Polyclinic, 1 Tampines Street 41, Singapore 529203. - - 2014
The incidence of cough induced by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors has been reported to be 5%-20%, with less than half of affected patients requiring discontinuation due to persistent cough. However, the incidence in the local Asian population has not been studied. This study aimed to objectively evaluate the incidence of ...
Welker Andreas Stefan AS From the *Clinic of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, HSK, Dr. Horst Schmidt Clinic, Wiesbaden, Germany; †Clinic of Anaesthesiology, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany; ‡AQAI GmbH, Mainz, Germany; and §Professional Association of German Anaesthiologists and German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Nuremburg, - - 2014
In June 2010, the Helsinki Declaration was passed. As a result, an online nationwide critical incident reporting system named CIRSmedical Anaesthesiology (CIRSains) was implemented in Germany. The aim of the article is to evaluate CIRSains for practicability and to provide solutions to the problems detected during evaluation. Every medical staff ...
Wani Tariq T Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, - - 2014
With the advent of safety needles to prevent inadvertent needle sticks in the operating room (OR), a potentially new issue has arisen. These needles may result in coring, or the shaving off of fragments of the rubber stopper, when the needle is pierced through the rubber stopper of the medication ...
Oner Ozgür - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the change of ADHD medication prescriptions in Turkey between 2009 and 2013. Method: Consumption data of ADHD medications, immediate release (IR) methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin), OROS MPH (Concerta), and atomoxetine (Strattera) were obtained from IMS Health database for the November 2008 to October 2013 period. Defined daily dose ...
Johnson Heather M HM Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, USA, - - 2014
Young adults with hypertension have the lowest prevalence of controlled blood pressure compared to middle-aged and older adults. Uncontrolled hypertension, even among young adults, increases future cardiovascular event risk. However, antihypertensive medication initiation is poorly understood among young adults and may be an important intervention point for this group. The ...
Paranagua Thatianny Tanferri de Brito TT Federal University of Goias, Faculty of Nursing, Goiania, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of incidents related to medication, registered in the medical records of patients admitted to a Surgical Clinic, in 2010. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted at a university hospital, with a sample of 735 ...
Amin Alpesh A Department of Medicine, Hospitalist Program, School of Medicine, University of California, UCIMC, 101 The City Drive South, Building 58, Room 110, ZC-4076H, Mail Code: 4076, Irvine, CA, 92868, USA, - - 2014
Warfarin's time-in-therapeutic range (TTR) is highly variable among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of variations in wafarin's TTR on rates of stroke/systemic embolism (SSE) and major bleedings among NVAF patients in the ARISTOTLE, ROCKET-AF, and RE-LY trials. Additionally, differences ...
Patterson Lynsey - - 2014
Obesity is a global public health problem. There are a range of treatments available with varying short and long term success rates. One option is the use of anti-obesity medication the prescription of which has increased dramatically in recent years. Despite this, little is known about the individual and GP ...
Eirale Cristiano C *Sport Medicine Department, and †CMO Office, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sport Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
To investigate concussion epidemiology in the first football (soccer) division of Qatar. Prospective cohort study. Professional First Division Football League of Qatar. All first team players were included at the beginning of each season. Daily collection of training and match exposure from August 2008 until April 2012 by club medical ...
Li Qi Q Division of Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Although electronic health records (EHRs) have the potential to provide a foundation for quality and safety algorithms, few studies have measured their impact on automated adverse event (AE) and medical error (ME) detection within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment. This paper presents two phenotyping AE and ME detection ...
Lauer Anna-Christina AC Department of Audiology and Phoniatrics, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) can cause a transmission of bloodborne diseases. In this study, injury rate, accident mechanisms, and targets for preventive strategies were investigated at a major university hospital hosting different medical study programs. In 2009 and 2010, cross-sectional anonymous surveys were carried out among medical undergraduate students. ...
Agu Kenneth Anene KA Howard University Pharmacists And Continuing Education (PACE) Center, Abuja, - - 2014
This study assessed the incidence and types of medication errors, interventions and outcomes in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in selected HIV treatment centres in Nigeria. Of 69 health facilities that had program for active screening of medication errors, 14 were randomly selected for prospective cohort assessment. All patients who ...
Fattah Sabina S Department of Research and Development, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway. - - 2014
Structured reporting of major incidents has been advocated to improve the care provided at future incidents. A systematic review identified ten existing templates for reporting major incident medical management, but these templates are not in widespread use. We aimed to address this challenge by designing an open access template for ...
Chen Kuo-Hu KH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Tzu-Chi Hospital, The Buddhist Tzu-Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan ; School of Medicine, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
This prospective study aims to identify and compare the incidence of bacterial contamination of hospital charts and the distribution of species responsible for chart contamination in different units of a tertiary hospital. All beds in medical, surgical, pediatric, and obstetric-gynecologic general wards (556) and those in corresponding special units (125) ...
Deline Stéphane S Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Av. Beaumont 21 Bis, Pavillon 2, Lausanne CH-1011, Switzerland. - - 2014
Objective: The present study investigates the use expectations, prevalence and frequency of neuroenhancement drug (ND) use among the Swiss male population, separating college students from others. Methods: Young Swiss men were invited to participate in the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors. A total of 5,967 participants responded to ...
Morris Robert G RG Program in Criminology, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Debate has surrounded the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes for decades. Some have argued medical marijuana legalization (MML) poses a threat to public health and safety, perhaps also affecting crime rates. In recent years, some U.S. states have legalized marijuana for medical purposes, reigniting political and public interest in ...
- - 2014
Oxytocin is a valuable, time-tested drug and one of the most commonly used medications during labour and delivery.It acts on the smooth muscle of the uterus to stimulate contractions. In Canada, its uses include the induction of labour in patients with a medical indication for the initiation of labour; the ...
Pitcher T L TL Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, P.O. Box 4345, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand ; New Zealand Brain Research Institute, 66 Stewart Street, Christchurch 8011, New - - 2014
Prescribing trends for medications are influenced by development of new drugs, changes in knowledge about efficacy and side effects, and priorities set by funding agencies. Changes in the utilization of antiparkinsonian agents in the outpatient community in New Zealand were investigated by using the national prescription database for the period ...
- - 2013
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) amends its medical regulations concerning the copayment required for certain medications. But for this rulemaking, beginning on January 1, 2014, the copayment amount would increase based on a formula set forth in regulation. The maximum annual copayment amount payable by veterans would also increase. ...
Morrison Chris C Prevention Research Center, Berkeley, CA, United States; Monash University, Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Melbourne, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2013
The introduction of laws that permit the use of cannabis for medical purposes has led to the emergence of a medical cannabis industry in some US states. This study assessed the spatial distribution of medical cannabis dispensaries according to estimated cannabis demand, socioeconomic indicators, alcohol outlets and other socio-demographic factors. ...
Ghirardini A M AM Cattedra e Servizio di Anestesia e Rianimazione, Policlinico di Modena. Modena, Italy - - - 2013
Background: Several methods are reported in the literature to analyze medically undesirable events during hospital care. Each method has several limitations, so no one has been defined as the standard tool to be able to detect failure during a medical process. The aim of this study was to compare an ...
Opar D A DA School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; School of Exercise Science, Australian Catholic University, Fitzroy, Victoria, - - 2013
This study aimed to observe the incidence rates of hamstring strain injuries (HSIs) across different competition levels and ages during the Penn Relays Carnival. Over a 3-year period, all injuries treated by the medical staff were recorded. The type of injury, anatomic location, event in which the injury occurred, competition ...
Li Xiaohong - - 2013
Much of research on household catastrophic medical expenses in China has focused on less developed areas and little is known about this problem in more developed areas. This study aimed to analyse the incidence and determinants of catastrophic medical expenses in eastern China. Data were obtained from a health care ...
Härkänen Marja - - 2013
The aim of this paper is to analyse how medication incidents are detected in different phases of the medication process. The study design is a retrospective register study. The material was collected from one university hospital's web-based incident reporting database in Finland. In 2010, 1617 incident reports were made, 671 ...
McGinigle Katharine L - - 2013
Despite an increase in the incidence of hospital admissions for comorbid conditions, such as diabetes, the incidence of major limb amputation in North Carolina has decreased. The decline in amputation rate has not been uniformly realized across the state. The objective of this study was to determine the association between ...
Aljadhey Hisham - - 2013
/st>To determine the incidence of adverse drug events (ADEs) and assess their severity and preventability. /st>A prospective cohort study. /st>A 900-bed tertiary academic hospital. /st>A total of 977 patients admitted to two medical, one surgical and two intensive care units over four months. /st>The primary outcomes were the incidence of ...
Sanders Alexander - - 2013
Given evidence of differences between UK medical schools' curricula and assessments, and their graduates' performance in Royal college examinations, this retrospective cohort study analyses the effect of medical school on the incidence of General Medical Council fitness to practise sanctions.
Lavon Ophir O Israel Information Poison Center, Rambam Health Care Campus, Haifa, Israel; Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology Unit, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, - - 2013
Medication errors (ME) are a major concern to healthcare systems. Most studies evaluated ME occurring in healthcare facilities; only few focused on ME outside them. The objective was to characterise ME occurring outside healthcare facilities. A prospective observational follow-up study evaluating all ME occurring outside healthcare facilities reported to a ...
Hossain M I - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to detect the etiology, type and prevalence of colour blindness & to create awareness among the blind personnel. A survey of colour blindness among 239 ( male-87 & female-152) Medical and Dental first year students during their medical checkup before admission into Mymensingh Medical ...
Singh Preet Mohinder PM Department of Anesthesia, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi, - - 2013
Self-extubation is a common event in intensive care units (ICUs) world-wide. The most common factor attributed in various studies is lack of optimal sedation. However, the factors that lead to this inadequacy of sedation are not analyzed. The present study aimed to evaluate the determinants of factors leading to self-extubation ...
Kanaan Abir O AO MCPHS University, Worcester, Massachusetts; Meyers Primary Care Institute, Worcester, Massachusetts; University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, - - 2013
To characterize adverse drug events (ADEs) occurring within the high-risk 45-day period after hospitalization in older adults. Clinical pharmacists reviewed the ambulatory records of 1,000 consecutive discharges. A large multispecialty group practice closely aligned with a Massachusetts-based health plan. Hospitalized individuals aged 65 and older discharged home. Possible drug-related incidents ...
Utman Saqib A K SA Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, - - 2013
The purpose of this audit was to determine the most common medication related prescription errors in ophthalmic practice, to determine avoidable prescription errors and evaluate the effect of preventative methods against these errors. The first audit was conducted prospectively over a four week period in Oct 2009 and a re-audit ...
Laughlin-Tommaso Shannon K - - 2013
Unilateral oophorectomy (UO) is a common surgical practice, yet it remains understudied. We investigated trends in incidence rates, indications, and pathological differences in the right and left ovaries in women younger than 50 years. The Rochester Epidemiology Project medical records linkage system was used to identify all women in Olmsted ...
Cheung Ka-Chun KC Scientific Institute for Quality of Healthcare, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Information technology (IT) plays a pivotal role in improving patient safety, but can also cause new problems for patient safety. This study analyzed the nature and consequences of a large sample of IT-related medication incidents, as reported by healthcare professionals in community pharmacies and hospitals. The medication incidents submitted to ...
Kleinman Nathan L - - 2013
To estimate community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) incidence, turnover, episode length, inpatient length-of-stay, and cost burden. Using 2007 to 2010 employee demographic, payroll, and claims data, CAP episodes were identified in employees aged 18 to 64 years. Semiannual medical, drug, sick leave, short-term disability (STD), long-term disability, and workers' compensation costs and ...
Westensee Jeffrey - - 2013
Abstract Westensee, Jeffrey, Rogé, Ignacio, Van Roo, Jon D, Pesce, Carlos, Batzli, Sam, Courtney, D. Mark, and Lazio, Matthew P. Moutaineering fatalities on Aconcagua: 2001-2012. High Alt Med Biol 14:000-000, 2013-High altitude mountaineering is a dangerous endeavor due to the hypoxic hypobaric environment, extreme weather, and technical skills required. One ...
Luo Yongjun - - 2013
Approximately 26.8% of China's land area has an elevation of 3000m above sea level or higher. Because of recent demands for economic development and new construction in highland areas, many people have relocated from the plains to high plateau regions and have to face the possibility of contracting acute mountain ...
Maaskant Jolanda - - 2013
Introduction Many hospitalized patients are affected by medication errors (MEs) that may cause discomfort, harm, and even death. Especially, children are considered to be at high risk of experiencing harm due to MEs. More insight into the prevalence, type, and severity of harm caused by MEs could help reduce the ...
Hughes Kiera - - 2013
Millions of people watch Holby City. Many more will presumably now be tuning in to BBC 1 after the reaction to the medical soap's latest storyline on organ donation.
Gummerson Elizabeth - - 2013
We examined the impacts of nationwide voluntary medical male circumcision efforts in Tanzania. Using Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) data, we found that circumcision rates increased from 37 to 47% in regions targeted by the programme. Those who took up medical male circumcision were younger, more educated, wealthier and more ...
Borden William B - - 2013
BACKGROUND: THE REGIONAL VARIABILITY OF PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION (PCI) RATES MAY BE EXPLAINED BY VARIATIONS IN THE MEDICAL TREATMENT OF STABLE CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE. WE SOUGHT TO DETERMINE WHETHER GREATER REGIONAL USE OF ANTIANGINAL MEDICATIONS IN PCI PATIENTS IS ASSOCIATED WITH LOWER REGIONAL RATES OF PCI.METHODS AND RESULTS: USING CATHPCI ...
Scharein Paula - - 2013
Reducing medical errors has become an international concern. Population-based studies consistently demonstrate inacceptable high rates of medical injury and preventable deaths. Thus, electronic critical incident reporting systems are now increasingly used in hospitals, predominantly in anesthesia. However, studies systematically analyzing critical incidents are scarce. Our aim was to describe content ...
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