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Chen Ting-Bin - - 2014
The persistence of triptan use among newly prescribed users is low in the United States and European countries. However, triptan refill patterns in Asian primary care practices have not been well described. Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan were used to conduct a retrospective cohort analysis ...
Melzer David D Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Exeter Medical School, Barrack Road, Exeter EX2 5DW, - - 2014
the oldest old (85+) pose complex medical challenges. Both underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis are claimed in this group. to estimate diagnosis, prescribing and hospital admission prevalence from 2003/4 to 2011/12, to monitor trends in medicalisation. observational study of Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) electronic medical records from general practice populations (eligible; ...
dosReis Susan - - 2014
The specific objectives were to investigate changes in the prevalence of psychotropic medication use for each year increase in age from three to six years old among children in foster care and to examine time-varying odds of longer duration of use by each year of age. A retrospective analysis of ...
Schwartz Oren O Institute of Military Medical Research, Sheba Medical Center, 2 Sheba Road, Ramat Gan, 5266202, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence and types of orthopedic injuries in infantry and noninfantry units responsible for attrition from combat training. 18,651 soldiers consecutively recruited to combat units (5 infantry and 4 noninfantry units) were included in this study. All recruited soldiers underwent and successfully ...
Martens Eimo E Department of Medicine I, University Hospital Munich, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, 80336 Munich, Germany Department of Medicine, Kliniken an der Paar, 86551 Aichach/Friedberg, - - 2014
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is among the most common causes of death in western countries including Germany. Whereas risk stratification and primary prevention is still insufficient, we also lack accurate incidence estimates. Current estimates vary widely (18.6-128/100 000/year), but data on SCD incidence in Germany are missing. Depending on SCD ...
Cort David A DA Dr. Cort is lead specialist in statistical analysis, Policy Research Studies, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC. Dr. Morrison is director, Policy Research Studies, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, - - 2014
To explore whether the number and composition of first-time applicants to U.S. MD-granting medical schools, which have fluctuated over the past 30 years, are related to changes in labor market strength, specifically the unemployment rate and wages. The authors merged time series data from 1980 through 2010 (inclusive) from five ...
Reich K M KM Division of Gastroenterology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2014
Medical therapy is standard treatment for ulcerative colitis with colectomy reserved for medically refractory disease or malignancy. The introductions of ciclosporin in 1994 and anti-TNF therapy in 2005 have extended medical management options. The aim of this study was to determine whether the colectomy incidence rate for medically refractory ulcerative ...
Hardmeier Anna - - 2014
Direct observation was used to detect medication errors and Bar Code Medication Administration (BCMA) workarounds on two pediatric units and one neonatal unit at UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital. The study (1) measured the frequency of nursing medication administration-related errors, (2) characterized the types of medication errors, (3) assessed compliance with ...
Mahmud Huma Mamun HM Department of Medicine1 / Medical Student2, Dow International Medical College, DUHS, - - 2014
Objective: To determine frequency of substance abuse and the commonest substance of abuse among medical and non-medical undergraduates. Study Design: Survey report. Place and Duration of Study: Dow International Medical College, Karachi, from June 2012 to August 2012. Methodology: Semester VIII students from Dow International Medical College, Dow University of ...
Guly Henry H Derriford Hospital, UK - - 2014
The Heroic Age of Antarctic exploration spanned the period from 1895 to 1922. Medical men who took part in the expeditions of that period made significant contributions to the expeditions in medical treatment of expedition members, geographical discovery and science and, as a result of such contributions, many had geographical ...
Kuan Chen-I CI Postdoctoral Fellow, Graduate Institute of Science, Technology and Society, National Yang-Ming University. - - 2014
Women's pursuit of medical interventions in childbirth has been a challenging issue in feminist and medical anthropological research on the medicalization of reproduction. This article addresses the gender politics surrounding maternal requests for cesarean sections in Taiwan. Since the 1990s, Taiwanese cesarean rates have been reported as among the highest ...
Karanges Emily A EA School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, - - 2014
Longitudinal trends in the dispensing of antidepressant, antipsychotic and ADHD medications from 2009-2012 were examined according to age and gender of patient and prescriber speciality. Of particular interest were changing trends in the prescription of psychotropic medications to children, adolescents and young adults. Dispensing data for government-subsidised antidepressant, antipsychotic and ...
Cho Yong-Chul YC Department of Emergency Medicine, Chungnam National University Hospital, Daejeon, South - - 2014
To perform high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), high-quality chest compression and ventilation support should be performed. However, many providers still have not maintained an adequate ventilation rate but hyperventilated during CPR. Thus, this study was conducted to verify that the compression-adjusted ventilation (CAV) would be a more accurate ventilation method compared ...
Cherian Jeffrey J JJ Center for Joint Preservation and Replacement, Rubin Institute for Advanced Orthopedics, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore, Baltimore, - - 2014
The readmission rates of cruciate-retaining (CR) and a posterior-stabilizing (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have not been extensively evaluated. We aimed to determine the following: (1) What are the readmission rates of TKA performed with the use of CR and PS prostheses at 30, 60, and 90 days following discharge? ...
Johnson Clark T CT Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, - - 2014
Malpractice rates vary widely by state. We sought to examine the relationship between malpractice rates and the rate of vaginal delivery compared with cesarean delivery at the state level. Data were collected from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Vital Statistics System for 2010 regarding mode of delivery: ...
Mehta Aasta D AD Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To determine whether there was a correlation between posttraining of obstetrics and gynecology residents and costs of medical liability insurance premiums by state over a 6-year period. We conducted a descriptive study of obstetrics and gynecology residents who graduated between 2005 and 2010. Data to calculate resident retention rates for ...
Turris Sheila A SA 1Schools of Nursing, University of British Columbia, University of Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; 2Department of Emergency Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 3Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; 4Undergraduate Student, University of British Columbia, Canada; 5Mass Gathering Medicine Interest Group, Department of Emergency Medicine, University of British Columbia, - - 2014
Objective: We described an organized, on-site medical response for a large-scale urban marathon event and documented illness/injury rates as well as ambulance transfer rates at the Vancouver International Marathon (VIM). Methods: Case-series report of medical encounters was documented prospectively over a 6-yr period at the VIM. The planning and organization ...
Will Julie C JC From the Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention (J.C.W., K.Y.) and Division of Population Health (E.F.), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA. - - 2014
The prevalence of angina from 1971 to 1994 was relatively flat for whites and blacks. We ask whether the prevalence and medical history of angina have changed during 1988 to 2012. We used the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data from 1988 to 2004 and the data from the ...
Hazen Paul G PG Associates in Dermatology, 26908 Detroit Rd, Ste 103, Westlake, OH 44145, USA. - - 2014
Medical emergencies may occur in any setting, including dermatology offices. We examined the incidence of medical emergencies in a survey of 34 dermatologists northeast Ohio. Fifty-five events occurred over 565 combined years of clinical practice, an incidence of 1 episode every 10.3 years. We also review options for better preparedness ...
Manias Elizabeth E 1School of Nursing and Midwifery, Deakin University, Burwood, Victoria, - - 2014
/st>To measure the rate of medication incidents associated with the prescription and administration of high-alert medications and to identify patient-, environment- and medication-related factors associated with these incidents. /st>A retrospective chart audit design was conducted of medical records for patient admissions from 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010. /st>Five ...
Yang Peng P Institute for Health Informatics, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China, - - 2014
A key purpose of electronic medical records (EMR) introduced in medical institutions is to improve work efficiency. The average length of stay (LOS) is just an important indicator to evaluate work efficiency of medical care in hospitals. Recently, there have been reports about effects of EMR application on LOS in ...
Schwabe Karen K UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South - - 2014
Cardiac arrest and sudden death during distance-running events have been reported but other medical complications, including serious life-threatening complications have not been well described. To document the incidence and nature of medical complications during 21 and 56 km running races. Prospective study. Two Oceans Marathon races (21 and 56 km ...
Masten Scott V SV California Department of Motor Vehicles, Research and Development Branch, 2570 24th Street, MS H-126, Sacramento, CA 95818-2606, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine if cannabinoid prevalence increased among fatal-crash-involved drivers in 12 U.S. states after implementing medical marijuana laws. Time series analyses of 1992 to 2009 driver cannabinoid prevalence from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Increased driver cannabinoid prevalence associated with implementing medical marijuana laws was detected in only three states: ...
Carron Pierre-Nicolas PN Emergency physicians at the Service of Emergency Medicine and Learning Centre for Disaster Medicine, University Hospital, Lausanne, - - 2014
In case of a major incident or disaster, the advance medical rescue command needs to manage several essential tasks simultaneously. These include the rapid deployment of ambulance, police, fire and evacuation services, and their coordinated activity, as well as triage and emergency medical care on site. The structure of such ...
Chung Jeffrey M - - 2014
Stroke is one of the leading causes of long-term disability. One in six people in the world will suffer a stroke in their lifetime, with the annual incidence about 117 per 100 000 person-years in developing countries. It has also been shown to be the cause of 10-15% of epilepsies, more ...
Rice J Bradford JB Analysis Group, Inc. Boston, MA, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Estimate the annual incremental per-patient and overall payer burden (2012USD) of venous leg ulcers (VLU) in the US. Methods: Beneficiaries with and without VLU were identified using two de-identified insurance claims databases: ages 65+ from a 5% random sample of Medicare beneficiaries (2007-2010: N∼2.3 million) and ages 18-64 ...
Desai Amarsinh M AM James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy, University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center, Cincinnati, OH, 45267, - - 2014
Several clinical trials have shown that rhythm-control drugs have serious adverse events and no survival advantage over rate-control drugs in patients with atrial fibrillation. The objectives were to determine and explain the recent trends in outpatient prescribing of both drug classes. Data were obtained over 10 years from the National Ambulatory ...
McCabe Sean Esteban SE Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 204 S. State St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1290, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine trends in the lifetime and past-year prevalence of medical use, diversion, and nonmedical use of four prescription medication classes (i.e., sedative/anxiety, opioid, sleeping, and stimulant) among college students between 2003 and 2013; and to identify demographic and background characteristics associated with trends in past-year nonmedical use of prescription ...
Jensen Majken Linnemann ML Steno Diabetes Center A/S, Gentofte, Denmark; Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
To develop a multistate model and an algorithm for calculating long-term adherence to medication among patients with a chronic disease. We propose definitions of the different states of waiting, persistence, with sufficient supply to implement the prescribed dosing regimen, gaps, nonpersistence, and nonacceptance and an algorithm for transitions between states ...
Ng L P LP Tampines Polyclinic, 1 Tampines Street 41, Singapore 529203. - - 2014
The incidence of cough induced by angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors has been reported to be 5%-20%, with less than half of affected patients requiring discontinuation due to persistent cough. However, the incidence in the local Asian population has not been studied. This study aimed to objectively evaluate the incidence of ...
Mingchay Pichanon - - 2014
Filth flies, belonging to suborder Brachycera (Family; Muscidae, Calliphoridae and Sarcophagidae), are a major cause of nuisance and able to transmit pathogens to humans and animals. These insects are distributed worldwide and their populations are increasing especially in sub-tropical and tropical areas. One strategy for controlling insects employs Wolbachia, which ...
Welker Andreas Stefan AS From the *Clinic of Anaesthesiology, Intensive Care Medicine and Pain Therapy, HSK, Dr. Horst Schmidt Clinic, Wiesbaden, Germany; †Clinic of Anaesthesiology, University of Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany; ‡AQAI GmbH, Mainz, Germany; and §Professional Association of German Anaesthiologists and German Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Nuremburg, - - 2014
In June 2010, the Helsinki Declaration was passed. As a result, an online nationwide critical incident reporting system named CIRSmedical Anaesthesiology (CIRSains) was implemented in Germany. The aim of the article is to evaluate CIRSains for practicability and to provide solutions to the problems detected during evaluation. Every medical staff ...
Wani Tariq T Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, - - 2014
With the advent of safety needles to prevent inadvertent needle sticks in the operating room (OR), a potentially new issue has arisen. These needles may result in coring, or the shaving off of fragments of the rubber stopper, when the needle is pierced through the rubber stopper of the medication ...
Oner Ozgür - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the change of ADHD medication prescriptions in Turkey between 2009 and 2013. Method: Consumption data of ADHD medications, immediate release (IR) methylphenidate (MPH; Ritalin), OROS MPH (Concerta), and atomoxetine (Strattera) were obtained from IMS Health database for the November 2008 to October 2013 period. Defined daily dose ...
Johnson Heather M HM Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, USA, - - 2014
Young adults with hypertension have the lowest prevalence of controlled blood pressure compared to middle-aged and older adults. Uncontrolled hypertension, even among young adults, increases future cardiovascular event risk. However, antihypertensive medication initiation is poorly understood among young adults and may be an important intervention point for this group. The ...
Paranagua Thatianny Tanferri de Brito TT Federal University of Goias, Faculty of Nursing, Goiania, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of incidents related to medication, registered in the medical records of patients admitted to a Surgical Clinic, in 2010. This is a cross-sectional study, conducted at a university hospital, with a sample of 735 ...
Amin Alpesh A Department of Medicine, Hospitalist Program, School of Medicine, University of California, UCIMC, 101 The City Drive South, Building 58, Room 110, ZC-4076H, Mail Code: 4076, Irvine, CA, 92868, USA, - - 2014
Warfarin's time-in-therapeutic range (TTR) is highly variable among patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). The objective of this study was to estimate the impact of variations in wafarin's TTR on rates of stroke/systemic embolism (SSE) and major bleedings among NVAF patients in the ARISTOTLE, ROCKET-AF, and RE-LY trials. Additionally, differences ...
Patterson Lynsey - - 2014
Obesity is a global public health problem. There are a range of treatments available with varying short and long term success rates. One option is the use of anti-obesity medication the prescription of which has increased dramatically in recent years. Despite this, little is known about the individual and GP ...
Eirale Cristiano C *Sport Medicine Department, and †CMO Office, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopaedic and Sport Medicine Hospital, Doha, - - 2014
To investigate concussion epidemiology in the first football (soccer) division of Qatar. Prospective cohort study. Professional First Division Football League of Qatar. All first team players were included at the beginning of each season. Daily collection of training and match exposure from August 2008 until April 2012 by club medical ...
Li Qi Q Division of Biomedical Informatics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Although electronic health records (EHRs) have the potential to provide a foundation for quality and safety algorithms, few studies have measured their impact on automated adverse event (AE) and medical error (ME) detection within the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) environment. This paper presents two phenotyping AE and ME detection ...
Lauer Anna-Christina AC Department of Audiology and Phoniatrics, Charité-University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Needlestick and sharps injuries (NSIs) can cause a transmission of bloodborne diseases. In this study, injury rate, accident mechanisms, and targets for preventive strategies were investigated at a major university hospital hosting different medical study programs. In 2009 and 2010, cross-sectional anonymous surveys were carried out among medical undergraduate students. ...
Agu Kenneth Anene KA Howard University Pharmacists And Continuing Education (PACE) Center, Abuja, - - 2014
This study assessed the incidence and types of medication errors, interventions and outcomes in patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in selected HIV treatment centres in Nigeria. Of 69 health facilities that had program for active screening of medication errors, 14 were randomly selected for prospective cohort assessment. All patients who ...
Fattah Sabina S Department of Research and Development, Norwegian Air Ambulance Foundation, Drøbak, Norway. - - 2014
Structured reporting of major incidents has been advocated to improve the care provided at future incidents. A systematic review identified ten existing templates for reporting major incident medical management, but these templates are not in widespread use. We aimed to address this challenge by designing an open access template for ...
Chen Kuo-Hu KH Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Taipei Tzu-Chi Hospital, The Buddhist Tzu-Chi Medical Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan ; School of Medicine, Tzu-Chi University, Hualien, - - 2014
This prospective study aims to identify and compare the incidence of bacterial contamination of hospital charts and the distribution of species responsible for chart contamination in different units of a tertiary hospital. All beds in medical, surgical, pediatric, and obstetric-gynecologic general wards (556) and those in corresponding special units (125) ...
Morris Robert G RG Program in Criminology, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Debate has surrounded the legalization of marijuana for medical purposes for decades. Some have argued medical marijuana legalization (MML) poses a threat to public health and safety, perhaps also affecting crime rates. In recent years, some U.S. states have legalized marijuana for medical purposes, reigniting political and public interest in ...
- - 2014
Oxytocin is a valuable, time-tested drug and one of the most commonly used medications during labour and delivery.It acts on the smooth muscle of the uterus to stimulate contractions. In Canada, its uses include the induction of labour in patients with a medical indication for the initiation of labour; the ...
Pitcher T L TL Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch, P.O. Box 4345, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand ; New Zealand Brain Research Institute, 66 Stewart Street, Christchurch 8011, New - - 2014
Prescribing trends for medications are influenced by development of new drugs, changes in knowledge about efficacy and side effects, and priorities set by funding agencies. Changes in the utilization of antiparkinsonian agents in the outpatient community in New Zealand were investigated by using the national prescription database for the period ...
Deline Stéphane S Alcohol Treatment Centre, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Av. Beaumont 21 Bis, Pavillon 2, Lausanne CH-1011, Switzerland. - - 2014
Objective: The present study investigates the use expectations, prevalence and frequency of neuroenhancement drug (ND) use among the Swiss male population, separating college students from others. Methods: Young Swiss men were invited to participate in the Cohort Study on Substance Use Risk Factors. A total of 5,967 participants responded to ...
Ford Earl S ES Division of Adult and Community Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of - - 2014
The extent to which patients with COPD are receiving indicated treatment with medications to improve lung function and recent trends in the use of these medications is not well documented in the United States. The objective of this study was to examine trends in prescription medications for COPD among adults ...
Chew David - - 2014
This is a report of the first riot in Singapore since 1969 and the subsequent emergency response from the police force and emergency medical services. Lessons learned are discussed, and recommendations for future medical response in incidents of civil unrest are made.
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