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Bohnert Kipling M KM VA Serious Mental Illness Treatment Resource and Evaluation Center (SMITREC), Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, MI, United States; Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation allowing for the use of medical cannabis for those individuals with qualifying medical conditions, which include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for a growing number of states. Little information is available regarding PTSD among medical cannabis patients. This study seeks to ...
Malik Fauzia F 1Presbyterian Healthcare Services, Albuquerque, NM, - - 2014
Background. Seven pediatric primary care practices participated in New Mexico's Developmental Screening Initiative in a year-long quality improvement project with the goal of implementing standardized developmental screening tools. Methods. The initiative utilized a learning collaborative approach and the Model for Improvement to promote best practice about developmental screening outlined by ...
Santillanes Genevieve G Department of Emergency Medicine, LAC+USC Medical Center, Keck School of Medicine at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Although most studies have found low rates of organic illness in patients with isolated psychiatric complaints, psychiatric patients are frequently brought to emergency departments (EDs) for medical clearance. To assess the utility of ED medical clearance before transfer of pediatric patients on psychiatric holds to inpatient psychiatric facilities, and to ...
Silbert David I DI Vision Science Department, Family eye Group, Lancaster, - - 2014
To evaluate the SureSight autorefractor and compare it to the plusoptiX A09 photoscreener in the detection of amblyopia risk factors in a cohort of Honduran children examined during medical mission work and to assess the utility of both devices in the rural setting. The medical records of patients who had ...
Heron Neil N Department of General Practice and Primary Care, Queen's University, Belfast, Irelan. - - 2014
It is compulsory that domestic football/soccer teams in UEFA competitions organise players' pre-participation medicals. Although screening guidelines have been established, these remain controversial. The findings of medical examinations can have lasting consequences for athletes and doctors. No previous studies have reported UEFA pre-participation screening results in semi-professional footballers. This study ...
Wong Gigi Y C GY , BScPhm, ACPR, was, at the time this study was completed, a Hospital Pharmacy Practice Resident with St Joseph's Health-care Hamilton. She is now a Clinical Pharmacist with the Fraser Health Authority at Langley Memorial Hospital, Langley, British - - 2014
The use of patients' own medications may allow minimization of drug wastage and costs. However, the cost impact of this practice, taking into account the time that pharmacy personnel spend on verification, is unknown. To determine the cost impact of using patients' own multidose medications within a surgical population, relative ...
Kjeldsen Lene Juel LJ The Research Unit for Hospital Pharmacy, Amgros I/S, Dampfærgevej 22, 2100, Copenhagen, Denmark, - - 2013
Background Risk medications are frequently associated with adverse events and hospitalisations. Objective To evaluate a risk medication screening service for in-patients at Danish hospitals. Setting Danish hospitals. Methods The study was designed as a controlled, prospective intervention study. Inpatients were screened for the use of five risk medications; anticoagulants, digoxin, ...
Huh Jin Won JW 1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, College of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Seoul, Korea. 2Medical Emergency Team, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of a medical emergency team activated using 24-hour monitoring by electronic medical record-based screening criteria followed by immediate intervention by a skilled team. Retrospective cohort study. Academic tertiary care hospital with approximately 2,700 beds. A total of 3,030 events activated by a medical emergency team from ...
Varatharaj Aravinthan - - 2013
We describe the case of a woman who presented with seemingly non-specific symptoms, including collapse, but through examination was eventually revealed to have an unusual, potentially fatal, but treatable neurological condition. We share some thoughts on the process of diagnosis, the difficulty of diagnosing a rare disease and the practice ...
Holman Katherine M - - 2013
Erectile dysfunction medications are being prescribed frequently; however, little is known about the amount of sexual health screening occurring in this setting. A retrospective cohort study evaluating sexual health and sexually transmitted infection screening occurring in veterans receiving initial erectile dysfunction medication prescription was conducted. A total of 252 patients ...
Shahani Shilpa A - - 2013
Screening electrocardiograms (EKGs) for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication administration is controversial. We reviewed our experience as a community-based cardiology group. We reviewed all ADHD screening EKGs during a 2-year period. We evaluated whether screening EKGs resulted in further consultation and if management was altered. We also evaluated differences ...
Van Rie A - - 2013
Background. Tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon gamma release assays (IGRAs) are both recommended for routine screening of healthcare workers (HCWs) in low tuberculosis (TB)-burden countries. More recently, based on scarce data, the World Health Organization strongly recommended that IGRA should not be used for occupational screening in high-burden settings.Objective. ...
Choi Jong Soo - - 2013
Although Electronic Medical Record (EMR) systems provide various benefits, there are both advantages and disadvantages regarding its cost-effectiveness. This study analyzed the economic effects of EMR systems using a cost-benefit analysis based on the differential costs of managerial accounting. Samsung Medical Center (SMC) is a general hospital in Korea that ...
Alley Cynthia L - - 2013
To discuss the current preschool vision screening (PVS) guidelines and review some of the newest vision screening techniques. The different vision screening practices and barriers to screening are discussed. Vision screening guidelines, which have been developed in response to the advances in technology and increased understanding of the developing visual ...
Cunnington Anne-Louise - - 2013
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are commonly prescribed medication that has recently been associated with QTc prolongation on electrocardiograms (ECG). In addition, research suggests that PD patients may be more at risk of QTc prolongation. To evaluate the outcomes of screening PD patients for QTc prolongation. ECG analysis of PD patients ...
Larkindale J - - 2013
Introduction: We conducted a comprehensive study of the costs associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). and myotonic dystrophy (DM) in the U.S. Methods: We determined the total impact on the U.S. economy, including direct medical costs, non-medical costs, and loss of income. Medical costs were calculated ...
Gacek Paul - - 2013
Immigrants and refugees screened overseas and found to have Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (TB arrivers) are either treated fortuberculosis (TB) or, if disease is not found these arrivers are given a TB classification of latent TB infection (LTBI) and are referred for reexamination after arriving in the United States. A retrospective ...
Rengarajan Arvind A Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2013
Previous reports describe false-positive urine immunoassay screens for phencyclidine (PCP) associated with use of tramadol, dextromethorphan, or diphenhydramine. The likelihood of these false positives is unknown. We sought to find the relative frequency of false-positive PCP screens associated with these medications and to look for any other medications with similar ...
Stauffer William M - - 2013
More than 50,000 refugees are resettled to the United States annually, many from areas highly endemic for parasites. Some of these infections present little clinical consequence after migration, but others are responsible for morbidity and mortality. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued predeparture presumptive treatment and postarrival ...
Vanderploeg Rodney D - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Both the Departments of Defense and Veterans Health Administration have developed and implemented screening procedures for identification of possible deployment-related traumatic brain injury (TBI). OBJECTIVE:: To review population-based screening procedures for TBI, particularly mild TBIs, and discuss potential harms/costs versus benefits of such TBI screening. METHODS:: The principles commonly ...
Pal Aroop A University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, - - 2013
The prevalence and cost of hospital readmissions have gained attention. The ability to identify patients at high risk for hospital readmission has implications for quality and costs of care. Medication errors have been shown to increase the risk for readmission. To study the impact of a pharmacist-based predischarge medication reconciliation ...
Woodrow Susannah R - - 2013
To implement an identification and brief advice (IBA) intervention to detect low-risk/hazardous alcohol consumption. Implementation was guided through the use of quality improvement tools and training. This study was conducted over an 18-month period from April 2010 to September 2011 on a 42-bed acute medical unit at a central London ...
Okuyama Torayuki - - 2013
AIM: Second-trimester maternal serum screening (MSS) is the predominant form of prenatal screening in Japan. We hypothesize that patient education and physician knowledge of Down syndrome (DS) screening are insufficient to provide adequate information regarding prenatal screening in Japan. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In-person or telephone interviews with medical personnel were ...
Kowatsch-Beyer K - - 2013
A resettlement medical screening program that refers refugees with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST) to a public health tuberculosis (TB) clinic for evaluation for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). To identify the proportion of refugees that were TST-positive, how many attended after referral for medical evaluation, what characteristics influenced follow-up, ...
Grossman Alon - - 2013
BACKGROUND:The findings and additional investigations required based on pre-participation electrocardiography (ECG) among military recruits are poorly defined in the literature. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the rate of abnormal findings on pre-participation ECG in young adults and the additional evaluations required based on these findings. METHODS: A retrospective ...
Kacker Seema - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Allergic transfusion reactions (ATRs) are among the most common complications of transfusion. Storage in platelet additive solution (PAS) has been shown to reduce ATRs from apheresis platelets (APs). This study evaluated the cost-effectiveness of using PAS storage as an alternative method to reduce ATRs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A ...
Arnold Kate - - 2013
BackgroundFetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading cause of preventable intellectual disabilities in the United States and a significant public health issue.ObjectivesThe purpose of this study is to evaluate the knowledge and screening practices of pre-clinical medical students and clinical providers on FAS, FASD, and alcohol consumption.MethodsA short survey ...
Schwotzer R - - 2013
STUDY/PRINCIPLES: To assess the effects of an "on-site" prevention and education programme to improve the cardiac screening in competitive amateur athletes. We integrated an "on-site prevention and education programme" at the 2012 edition of the Swiss Alpine Marathon in Davos, Switzerland. After a specific lecture, the athletes could visit a ...
Richmond Melissa K - - 2013
ABSTRACT. Background: Over the past several years, many states, including Colorado, have approved medical marijuana legislation. There is concern that increased access to and visibility of medical marijuana may lead to harmful use. Methods: This study examined changes in patients' marijuana use in 12 health care settings through a statewide ...
Farrell Margaret - - 2013
At the onset of an influenza pandemic, when the severity of a novel strain is still undetermined and there is a threat of introduction into a new environment, e.g., via the deployment of military troops, sensitive screening criteria and conservative isolation practices are generally recommended. In response to elevated rates ...
Akweongo Patricia - - 2013
To estimate the direct and indirect costs of meningitis to households in the Kassena-Nankana District of Ghana. A Cost of illness (COI) survey was conducted between 2010 and 2011. The COI was computed from a retrospective review of 80 meningitis cases answers to questions about direct medical costs, direct non-medical ...
Gundlapalli Adi V AV VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, Salt Lake City, UT ; University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, - - 2013
Information retrieval algorithms based on natural language processing (NLP) of the free text of medical records have been used to find documents of interest from databases. Homelessness is a high priority non-medical diagnosis that is noted in electronic medical records of Veterans in Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities. Using a human-reviewed ...
Kristensen Thomas G TG Bioinformatics Research Center, Aarhus University, C. F. Møllers Allé 8, DK- 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark ; Now employed by Trifork - - 2013
Developing new medical drugs is expensive. Among the first steps is a screening process, in which molecules in existing chemical libraries are tested for activity against a given target. This requires a lot of resources and manpower. Therefore it has become common to perform a virtual screening, where computers are ...
Izamin I - - 2012
Various studies in primary care and hospitalized patients have discouraged routine use of chest x-ray (CXR) in medical examination. Purpose: The study aims to determine the prevalence of abnormal routine CXR and cost of one CXR at a public health clinic and discuss the rationale of CXR in routine medical ...
Shaw Graham P - - 2012
Background: Most medical school admission committees use cognitive and noncognitive measures to inform their final admission decisions. We evaluated using admission data to predict academic success for podiatric medical students using first-semester grade point average (GPA) and cumulative GPA at graduation as outcome measures. Methods: In this study, we used ...
Myers Valerie H - - 2012
To determine the change in total medical expenditures, total pharmacy expenditures, and subcategories of medical and pharmacy expenditures in obese individuals following weight loss surgery (WLS), and to compare these costs with expenditures in obese individuals not receiving WLS. Louisiana Office of Group Benefits (OGB), the state-managed health insurer, invited ...
Keller Dagmar I - - 2013
Precompetition screening was implemented for male referees during the 2010 Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) Word Cup. In contrast, female football referees have been neglected in this respect although they experience similar physical work loads compared to male referees. The standardised football-specific pre-competition medical assessment (PCMA) was performed in ...
Engelsen Corine den - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Early detection and appropriate treatment of metabolic syndrome (MetS) can modify cardiometabolic risk factors and prevent cardiovascular disease. Optimal screening outcomes require follow-up management of MetS. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the natural course of events in the first year after positive screening for MetS in primary care with regard to ...
Witonsky Peter - - 2012
There are two primary factors for analyzing the cost of medical device integration: the total cost of ownership and gains in clinician efficiency. When calculating the long-term total cost of ownership, hospitals should consider the original acquisition cost, ongoing support costs, and also look at the incremental cost of adding ...
Freeman Maisha Kelly - - 2012
Objective: To describe the product integrity and ethical/ legal issues associated with tablet splitting.Data sources: PubMed (1966-June 2011), International Pharmaceutical Abstract (1975-June 2011), and bibliographic searches were conducted.Study Selection: All studies that evaluated the weight/dose variations (N = 13) of split tablets were included.Data Extraction: The American Pharmacists Association guidelines, ...
Baker Michael S - - 2012
The Korean War started several years after the World War II had ended and no recognition of the threat or preparation was made for this possibility. The military and its medical service had been downsized after World War II and had to quickly ramp up to meet the surprise attack. ...
Holroyd Ann - - 2012
Recognizing that older adults are among the biggest consumers of medication, and the demographic group most likely to suffer an adverse drug reaction (ADR), this paper details the findings from a recent study on how older adults come to understand medication and its related use. Using a qualitative content analysis ...
Peters Erica N - - 2012
Few studies have examined the co-occurrence of alcohol and marijuana use in clinical samples of young adults. The present study investigated whether co-occurring marijuana use is associated with characteristics indicative of a high level of risk in young adult heavy drinkers. Individuals between the ages of 18 and 25 years ...
Martyr Philippa - - 2011
The aim of this paper is to illustrate how a person's standing in a small, close-knit community can distort local medical and legal attitudes to their diagnosis. We examined various historical texts describing Edward Davies (1855?1904), Mayor of Fremantle, and the medical, legal and family responses to his illness. When ...
Nordmann Sandra - - 2011
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare, using data from Observation of Illicit Psychotropic Substances or Non-medical Used Medications (OPPIDUM) surveys, first, the profile of buprenorphine users and their modalities of buprenorphine use from 2006 to 2008 and, second, two subgroups: brand-name and generic buprenorphine users in 2008. ...
Ehrlich R I - - 2011
This case report describes an artist on treatment for alcoholism with disulfiram (Antabuse) who suffered chronic symptoms similar to those of a disulfiram alcohol reaction, which we attribute to his occupational exposure to products containing alcohol and other solvents. Symptoms abated with strict precautions to prevent exposure, although gradually returned ...
Dultz Linda A - - 2011
: Injuries to pedestrians struck by motor vehicles represent a significant public health hazard in large cities. The purpose of this study is to investigate the demographics of alcohol users who are struck by motor vehicles and to assess the effects of alcohol on pedestrian crossing patterns, medical management, and ...
Sparacino Nicholas - - 2011
A 49-year-old white man was admitted to the emergency department with nausea and diarrhea of 11 hours duration. He had experienced crampy abdominal pain as well. He reported that his stools had been dark and malodorous. He had no prior history of gastrointestinal disorders, nor travel, unusual oral or liquid ...
Buhl Amanda - - 2011
Rates of relapse, monitoring contract completion, and return to medical practice may differ between surgeons and nonsurgeons being monitored for diagnosed substance use disorders. Retrospective 5-year longitudinal cohort study. A sample of 16 state physician health programs in the United States. Nine hundred four physicians who underwent treatment for a ...
Heilig Markus - - 2011
Addictive disorders are partly heritable, chronic, relapsing conditions that account for a tremendous disease burden. Currently available addiction pharmacotherapies are only moderately successful, continue to be viewed with considerable scepticism outside the scientific community and have not become widely adopted as treatments. More effective medical treatments are needed to transform ...
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