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Results 501 - 550 of 608
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Zambrana R E - - 1987
This paper explores male and female obstetricians' attitudes towards their patients in childbirth. Individual interviews were conducted with 50 obstetricians using a semistructured questionnaire. Across gender and level-of-training there were few differences in descriptions of easy patients. The few differences that did emerge reveal that attending physicians see patients as ...
Davis J K - - 1986
In the study reported here attending faculty members completed a 14-item rating scale at the end of each clinical rotation in a general pediatrics residency training program. The rating scale items assessed medical knowledge, interpersonal and professional relationships, and attitudes toward education. Significant interrater agreement occurred primarily on those items ...
Schmelkin L P - - 1986
A questionnaire assessing attitudes toward psychosocial cancer care (the Cancer Opinionnaire) was constructed. Factor analysis revealed five factors: outcome expectations; candor; interest in treating cancer; psychosocial concerns: role of the physician; and psychosocial concerns: importance to the patient. Reliabilities ranged from 0.68 to 0.82. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated ...
Furnham A - - 1986
This study set out to investigate the attitudes of preclinical medical students to various specialties. It specifically aimed to measure a range of attitudes to nine medical specialties, by nearly 200 students. Multivariate analysis showed that the scale has various interpretable dimensions which measured such things as the way the ...
Davidhizar R E - - 1986
The attitude of 50 hospitalized persons with schizophrenia toward taking their medication was examined. Both open-ended and fixed-response estimates of attitude were made. Insight also was measured, and the relationships between insight and attitude and between hallucinations and insight were analyzed. Patients were able to provide information about beliefs and ...
Clinthorne J K - - 1986
In nationwide surveys of the extent and nature of psychotherapeutic drug use conducted in 1970 and 1979, respondents were also questioned about their knowledge of tranquilizers and attitudes toward the use of these medications in general and in specific situations. In both 1970 and 1979, most Americans believed that tranquilizers ...
Markova I - - 1986
A survey study was carried out with 211 hemophilic men and 205 carriers of hemophilia at four hemophilia centers in New York; London, Ontario; the West of Scotland; and Athens, Greece. The participants responded to a questionnaire exploring socio-demographic and medical information, attitudes toward hemophilia, and experience of and attitudes ...
Perry S W - - 1986
Regarding the determination of resuscitation status (RS) and the writing of do-not-resuscitate orders, we compared the recent Presidential Guidelines with the attitudes and perceptions of 143 medical professionals in a major medical center. Seventy-four percent of respondents believed that RS was primarily determined by the physician. Only 1% believed the ...
Sivakumar K - - 1986
The significantly favourable changes in medical students' general attitudes to psychiatry which we found after their 8-week clerkship in psychiatry and at the end of their clinical curriculum were not maintained at the end of their first post-graduate year. Three of their specific attitudes to psychiatry changed significantly in an ...
Hammer J S - - 1986
We report a study of occupational stress in 374 paramedics. Results indicate that this profession experiences a high degree of job-related stress relative to other medical personnel. In a component analysis of this stress the results show that job stress manifests itself as job dissatisfaction, organizational stress, and negative patient ...
Merrill J M - - 1986
The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) has charged directors of residency programs with evaluating "humanistic attributes" in residents seeking certification. To investigate whether traditional measures of residents' performance assess humanistic attributes, 38 second- and third-year medical residents completed the Totalitarian-Authoritarian-Dogmatism (TAD) and Rokeach tests for attitudinal assessment. Five primary ...
Parisi N - - 1986
The medical need for human organs suitable for use as transplants far exceed the supply, and is growing. More favorable attitudes about organ donation would increase people's willingness to sign posthumous donation pledges. But effective educational programs require information about the public's present views. Verbal attitude scales were constructed and ...
Ines Cuyegkeng E - - 1986
For almost 20 years, the Philippine Medical Association, and specifically its Committee on Foods, Drugs and Cosmetics, has not been able to successfully gather information on adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The reporting of ADRs began in 1967, using a very comprehensive reporting form, at a time when news items of ...
McCartney J R - - 1986
The major task of medicine with the geriatric population is to assist with the promotion of a vigorous quality of life and maintenance of function. The key to functioning is cognitive capacity. Evidence is offered that physicians are still not assessing their patients' intellectual functioning, despite its importance not just ...
House J D - - 1986
This study examined relationships between the attitudes of medical faculty toward specific aspects of adult learning theory as well as the degree to which behaviors were actually used to build upon those beliefs. A questionnaire was developed to assess attitudes toward adult learning theory and returned by 269 of the ...
Maiman L A - - 1986
This study examines the extent, determinants and quality of mothers' independent use of medications for treating their children's symptoms. Data on mother-initiated medication behavior (MIMB) were obtained from a stratified systematic random sample of 500 mothers of children presenting for a well child visit at two pediatric ambulatory care sites. ...
De Tullio P L - - 1986
This prospective study examines whether a patient medication instruction sheet (PMI) given to clinic patients by their health care provider affects knowledge and/or attitudes with thiazide diuretic use as part of an antihypertensive regimen. Adult male patients (N = 285) in a general medicine clinic were assigned to groups receiving ...
Samuel-Lajeunesse B - - 1985
A questionnaire on attitudes toward psychiatry was submitted to French medical students in their first year of specialized training in psychiatry or in another medical specialty. The findings do not differ from those of previous United States investigations. In France, although psychiatry is a full medical specialty, psychiatrists are perceived ...
Senger M M - - 1985
The knowledge and attitudes of family practice residents toward geriatric patients was surveyed in eight residencies. Since geriatric care will, in the future, become a more important aspect of the family physician's practice, it is important to ascertain the knowledge and attitude level of physicians in training concerning their geriatric ...
Binder R L - - 1985
Forty-three medical students completed questionnaires about their attitudes toward the right to refuse treatment at the beginning and end of their psychiatric clerkship, during which time their clinical experience included exposure to involuntary psychiatric treatment. The students had a more favorable view of involuntary treatment after the clerkship; the change ...
Davidhizar R E - - 1985
The medical and nursing literature suggests measurement of attitude (feelings and beliefs) of clients with schizophrenia may be possible. This paper reports a study by the author using Fishbein's expectancy-value model to measure attitude toward taking medication and reflects on significant implications of both the research reported in the literature ...
Attah Johnson F Y - - 1985
The questionnaire devised by WHO as a standardized instrument for use across cultures, and modified to suit an African culture, was completed by 104 clinical medical students (male and female) selected at random. After statistical analysis, the results were discussed regarding attitudes (approval/disapproval); perceived availability; social connotation; perceived harmfulness; perceived ...
Folse M L - - 1985
The purpose of the study reported in this article was to examine first-year medical students' attitudes toward their free time and how these attitudes relate to self-reported stress levels. Members of the entering class of 1982-83 at the Southern Illinois University School of Medicine were asked to complete surveys designed ...
Sperling M B - - 1985
Viewing desperate love as marked by urgency, neediness, dependence, a great need for reciprocation, indealization, and affective extremes, personality traits leading to desperate love were examined. A sample of 251 undergraduates, in desperate love, nondesperate love, and random groups, completed several questionnaires examining characteristic qualities of self and important others ...
James D - - 1985
Marked differences were found between the reasons chosen to explain overdoses by the closest relatives or friends (the 'significant others') of 34 self-poisoners and those reasons chosen by the self-poisoners themselves. Whilst 41% of the latter claimed suicidal intent, in only one case was the significant other in agreement. The ...
Baxter J D - - 1985
In recent years, the teachers in the north and the Inuit have become increasingly aware of the educational effects of hearing los frequently associated with chronic otitis media. In the Baffin Zone, N.W.T. and in Nouveau Quebec a surge of enthusiasm has surfaced to do something positive and on-going about ...
Scott C S - - 1985
Presently developing attitudes of future physicians towards preventive medicine will likely provide either a major impetus for or barriers to the inclusion of preventive medicine content in medical school curricula and in other formats of physician education. In turn, attitudes about preventive care and its role in medical practice will ...
Zeldow P B - - 1985
One aspect of the Rush Medical College Longitudinal Study is concerned with the identification of personality traits that predict various kinds of psychosocial adjustments and impairments among medical students and physicians. Two orthogonal traits, masculinity and femininity, were selected for study as independent variables because of their implications for mental ...
Chappel J N - - 1985
Although attitudinal objectives in medical education about alcohol and drug misuse are important, adequate instruments for measuring the achievement of such objectives have been lacking. The development of a standardized Substance Abuse Attitude Survey (SAAS) is described. Multiple administrations and factor analyses selected and refined the item pool of the ...
Dornbush R L - - 1985
Attitudes of medical students towards the psychosocial aspects of illness is of serious concern to medical educators. It is thought that medical students are overwhelmingly disease-oriented and not sufficiently sensitive to the role of the psychological, emotional, sociological and economic factors in the etiology and management of illness. In the ...
Freyberger H - - 1985
Starting from the psychosomatic patients in clinico-medical wards and the inherent two primary alexithymic features "highly limited introspective capacity' and "very low motivation concerning dynamic psychotherapy', which we proved empirically, we describe the therapist's attitude and the three steps of supportive psychotherapy which initially represent the most indicated procedure in ...
Ascione F J - - 1984
A study was designed for practitioners wishing to provide comprehensive educational services to the elderly. The effectiveness of four methods (i.e., oral instructions alone or in combination with written information, a medication reminder calendar, or a medication reminder package) of changing patient attitudes, drug knowledge, and compliance behavior was measured ...
Szyłłejko O J - - 1984
The author discusses the results of surveys conducted in Warsaw, concerning the extent of use of unprescribed medicine from 1970-1980. Drug use did not increase over the decade studied, and most respondents took the medication to treat particular complaints. No correlation was found between self-medication and social or occupational status. ...
Rezler A G - - 1984
All studies addressing affective issues were identified from a review of the Proceedings of Research in Medical Education (RIME) volumes between 1970 and 1982. A total of seventy-seven papers were sorted into the following seven categories according to the major issues addressed: (1) descriptive studies of personality, values and attitudes; ...
Hausle E A - - 1984
Increasing employee productivity and efficiency is a goal for every medical group administrator. By allowing employees the opportunity to voice their opinions anonymously, management can gain accurate and valuable information on employee attitudes. The author demonstrates, through a case study, how an attitude survey can provide specifics on the strengths ...
Najman J M - - 1984
Previous studies suggest that medical students and doctors may express a range of positive and negative attitudes and behaviours towards patients. As an initial attempt to understand how attitudes toward patients are formed, first-year medical students were asked to describe their feelings about six categories of patients. These reactions were ...
Mason H L - - 1984
There is a continued emphasis on developing the pharmacist's medication counseling role to better serve the public. To understand this role, the present study utilized a shopper methodology to describe the extent to which 40 rural community pharmacists engage in five dimensions of counseling for each of two drug products. ...
Tiberius R G - - 1984
To detect any change in medical students' attitudes toward medical ethics, students from the same class were given a questionnaire on their first day of medical school and again near the end of their fourth year of study. The results showed a strong shift away from the students' initial expectations ...
Chan D W - - 1984
The knowledge and attitudes of 36 psychiatric out-patients regarding medication were investigated by personal interview. Over 80 per cent of the variance of self-report medication compliance was predictable from an array of socio-economic variables and cognitive variables. Compliers and non-compliers differed in their expectancy and prior experience of beneficial effects ...
Rund D A - - 1984
The negative attitudes of emergency medical personnel toward suicide attempters are well documented in recent studies. Part of the reason for such negative attitudes may involve the emergency medical professional's lack of knowledge about the variety of psychiatric conditions present in the patient who attempts suicide. Information about such conditions ...
Durkin-Longley M - - 1984
Studies of resort to healers in medically pluralistic settings in different geographic and cultural areas reveal two basic patterns of resort--illness specific and multiple use. This paper suggests that the particular pattern inferred from a study may depend largely upon whether the data consist of general attitudes and preferences or ...
Biersner R J - - 1984
Measures of six self-reported moods (assessed using the Mood Questionnaire), serum cholesterol levels, and serum uric acid (SUA) levels were obtained from 26 divers attending the Saturation Diver Training (SDT) course, the most sophisticated and arduous diving course offered by the U.S. Navy. These measures were correlated with various types ...
Robertson D H - - 1983
The results of a postal enquiry into the current usage of subarachnoid spinal analgesia in Scotland are compared with those obtained in 1976. On each occasion replies were received from more than 70% of those consultants receiving questionnaires. Replies indicating use of the techniques increased from 40% in 1976 to ...
Samra S K - - 1983
The study on which this article is based evaluated the effect of a clerkship in anesthesiology on medical students' attitudes toward anesthesiology as a specialty, the role of anesthesiologists as physicians, career choice, and the usefulness of this experience in their learning. Eighty-four participating students filled out questionnaires on the ...
Counte M A - - 1983
A study was conducted to explain variability in hospital employee responses to the implementation of a medical information system. Results showed that 28 to 35 percent of the variance in adaptation was explained by the predictor variables, and that the significant variables were attitudes toward computers in general, role ambiguity, ...
Keltikangas-Järvinen L - - 1983
Medical knowledge and psychic reactions were studied in families affected by a progressive autosomal recessive disease, aspartylglucosaminuria. The information was given mainly in simple but written form. The subjects appeared to accept little correct information. Conversation did not appear to be of much value and intense emotional reactions were provoked. ...
Schnarch D M - - 1982
The way a medical student perceives the sexual attitudes of physicians may affect what is learned from medical school sex education and the manner in which such learning is applied later with patients. Medical students' personal sexual attitudes, their projections of physicians' and patients' attitudes, and the actual attitudes of ...
Yager J - - 1982
The authors reviewed studies of attitudes toward psychiatry held by 368 medical students at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and 204 senior medical students from two schools in Washington, D.C. They found that the attitudes of all these students were remarkably similar: they viewed psychiatry as a worthwhile ...
Miller P - - 1982
A tool was developed to assess attitudes of patients with cardiac disease toward performing prescribed behaviors of their medical regimen. Two groups of subjects with heart disease were used to examine validity and reliability of the Miller Attitude Scale. One group included 480 members of Mended Hearts, Inc., and the ...
Bootman J L - - 1982
Pharmacist and physician attitudes toward the use of medication in various situations were compared. In May 1979, a questionnaire was sent to 300 pharmacists and 300 physicians randomly selected from practitioners licensed in Arizona. The questionnaire listed 25 statements regarding the use of medications in controversial situations; respondents were asked ...
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