Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 637
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Grol R - - 1990
The attitudes of general practitioners in Belgium, Britain and the Netherlands have been sought to determine if they are patient-centred or disease-centred (that is, doctor-centred). The results indicated that many of the doctors held disease-centred attitudes, which in previous studies in the Netherlands and Belgium had correlated with increased prescribing ...
Grol R - - 1990
The attitudes of groups of general practitioners in Belgium, the UK and the Netherlands to risk taking in medical decision making have been determined. The results indicate that many doctors seek to minimize the risks that they take when treating patients. Doctors in Belgium had the highest levels of 'no ...
Chan D W - - 1990
Sex knowledge, attitudes, and experience of 83 Chinese undergraduate medical students were assessed in their responses to the Sex Knowledge and Attitude Test. They were found to be relatively less knowledgeable especially in areas of social and cultural data-based knowledge and were less liberal especially in attitudes toward heterosexual relations ...
de Monchy C - - 1990
The scientific explosion of the second half of this century has led in the medical field to a process of specialization and sub-specialization, with heavy emphasis on knowledge and technical skills and neglect of the traditional humane and interpersonal aspects of the practice of medicine. An important part of clinical ...
Fréour P - - 1990
Smoking is a medical concern. Doctors were the first to recognize the health hazards of smoking. So far, the knowledge of doctors concerning smoking is not really good and their attitude against smoking is not adequate. To change the attitude of doctors, it is necessary to modify the curriculum, multiply ...
Ammerman A - - 1989
Demand for physician-based dietary treatment of hypercholesterolemia is increasing, but medical care providers feel that they lack the skills and confidence necessary to provide these services. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we studied the relationships among dietary knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors to identify the educational needs of entering medical students. On ...
Geller G G Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD - - 1989
Although alcoholism is prevalent in both general and inpatient populations, barriers to its timely diagnosis and effective treatment exist. These are often attributed to physicians' inadequate understanding and skill development and negative attitudes toward the disease. All Johns Hopkins' medical students and house staff, during 1986 through 1987, received a ...
Kibele A - - 1989
Adults with cerebral palsy need assistance to maximize their capabilities, interact with others, and achieve independence. They experience difficulty communicating their needs to successfully obtain medical/rehabilitation and independent living services, which are necessary to achieve independent living. Knowledge of the experience of such clients can help occupational therapists to better ...
Otti P N - - 1989
Many aspects of Primary Health Care call for a complete revision of approach, emphasis and mental attitudes in medical education. This appears to be a pre-requisite for the promotion of total health involving all elements (i.e. favourable biological, social and physical environment) in the improvement of the general health status ...
Wolf T M - - 1989
A retrospective attitude questionnaire was administered to 70 of 157 graduating seniors at the end of the medical school year. Students perceived that they became more cynical during medical education. In addition, they perceived that they were more concerned with making money, more concerned for patients, and more helpful. These ...
Cheng K K - - 1989
A survey was conducted among two classes of medical students (N = 293) at the University of Hong Kong to study their smoking habits and knowledge of and attitudes toward smoking. The response rate was 97.3%. There was only one daily smoker (0.4%) and 21 occasional smokers (7.4%). While the ...
Smith C W - - 1989
Medical students' attitudes to the elderly population were compared at entry to and exit from a month-long clinical attachment in the Department of Health Care of the Elderly at Nottingham University. The study investigated clinical students for the 1983-4 and 1986-7 academic years using a questionnaire employing a Rosencranz-McNevin semantic ...
Perri M M - - 1989
This experiment tested the effect of an informational radio advertising intervention on consumer attitudes toward generic medications, consumer attitudes toward the advertising of generic medicines, and the potential for consumers to request generic substitutes for their prescriptions in the future. The informational themes of the advertising intervention included price, quality, ...
Das M P - - 1988
The attitudes of medical students are important as they influence recruitment to psychiatry. In order to better understand the attitudes of medical students towards psychiatry and the impact of psychiatric clerkship, the authors administered a questionnaire eliciting information regarding demographic data, attitudes and career choices to third year medical students ...
Greenland P - - 1988
First-year medical students at eight U.S. medical schools were surveyed by written questionnaire in 1983-1985 to determine their attitudes toward cardiovascular diseases prevention at medical school entry. An overall response rate of 92% was achieved (2,654 questionnaires), and 97% of responders provided complete and analyzable survey data. Response rates at ...
Duckworth S C - - 1988
The negative attitudes of society towards disability and the resulting prejudicial behaviour affects the lives of disabled people. One of the declared aims of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Southampton is to improve attitudes. Hence, an attempt has been made to assess differences in the attitudes held ...
Reekie W D WD Department of Business Economics, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 1988
A large-scale national sample survey was conducted to assess the health and sickness profiles of the population by conventional demographic parameters. The objective was to ascertain how people treated particular ailments and in particular how and when they used proprietary medicines and other self-medication alternatives rather than a professional medical ...
Ewan C - - 1988
A comparison of first-year medical students' attitudes to social issues in medicine with attitudes of non-medical first-year students in 1983 found that the medical group was less conservative towards general social issues but more conservative in relation to those areas which closely affect the doctor's role, particularly the place of ...
Sircar B K - - 1988
A survey was carried out amongst a population of 6236 on diarrhoeal mortality and morbidity along with beliefs and practices at Addis Zemen, Northwestern Ethiopia. The prevalence (13.5%) and the proportion of diarrhoea related deaths (41.7%) were high among children below five years. Most of the mothers believed that diarrhoea ...
Roskin G - - 1988
In a prior study a questionnaire was developed which reliably measured a variety of physicians' attitudes toward patients. In the present study we have used this questionnaire to compare the attitudes of physicians specializing in Internal Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics and Psychiatry with one another and with a group of medical ...
Dwyer J W - - 1988
The importance of medical training which emphasizes comprehensive, biopsychosocial medical care is increasingly recognized. Research has focused on characteristics affecting attitudes toward psychosocial information, inferring that such attitudes are acceptable surrogates for demonstrated ability. The current study evaluates the accuracy of information elicited during medical interviews conducted by medical students. ...
Kaneene J B - - 1987
A random study of 3000 dairy farmers was designed to determine 1) management factors that may be associated with the occurrence of drug residues; 2) the dairy farmers' attitudes and knowledge about residues; 3) how these variables influence the occurrence of residues in dairy cattle. Management factors perceived as having ...
Alexander M - - 1987
Despite evidence indicating the effectiveness of behavioral techniques in treating anxiety symptoms and disorders, treatment of anxiety in the medical setting has tended to be largely pharmacological. This research project investigates the attitudes of a sample of practicing physicians toward utilization within their practices of non-pharmacological approaches in the treatment ...
Tarbox A R - - 1987
The authors' purpose in the present study was to examine attitudes toward the elderly among medical students and the impact of medical education on such attitudes. Questionnaires first used in a similar study in the 1960s were administered to freshman and senior medical students in 1981 and 1984 at one ...
Wall M - - 1987
An anonymous questionnaire, which was designed to obtain information on satisfaction with medical management, personal attitudes and experiences, and patients' knowledge about epilepsy, was sent to a systematic sample of persons on the membership lists of various Epilepsy Associations across Australia. Comments regarding doctors' attitudes towards persons with epilepsy and ...
Davidhizar R E - - 1987
There has been little systematic study of the attitude of clients with schizophrenia toward treatment, specifically about taking medication. This study measured the attitude of 100 clients with schizophrenia toward taking their medication in the hospital. They include 47 males and 53 females ranging in age from 18 to 75 ...
Perri M - - 1987
Consumer knowledge of direct-to-consumer prescription drug advertising was explored by assessing consumer recognition of the direct advertising of Pneumovax by Merck, Sharp and Dohme. Consumer attitudes, medical condition, and demographic characteristics were the central issues of the survey instrument used in the 139 personal interviews conducted. Results indicate 12% of ...
Amery W J WJ - - 1987
Employee attitude surveys offer the potential for augmenting a progressive, participatory approach to management of medical groups. They can be used in many ways to understand and improve the environment within an organization. Upward communication, downward communication, morale boosting, education, management motivation--in these and many other areas, an effective survey ...
Zambrana R E - - 1987
This paper explores male and female obstetricians' attitudes towards their patients in childbirth. Individual interviews were conducted with 50 obstetricians using a semistructured questionnaire. Across gender and level-of-training there were few differences in descriptions of easy patients. The few differences that did emerge reveal that attending physicians see patients as ...
Davis J K - - 1986
In the study reported here attending faculty members completed a 14-item rating scale at the end of each clinical rotation in a general pediatrics residency training program. The rating scale items assessed medical knowledge, interpersonal and professional relationships, and attitudes toward education. Significant interrater agreement occurred primarily on those items ...
Schmelkin L P - - 1986
A questionnaire assessing attitudes toward psychosocial cancer care (the Cancer Opinionnaire) was constructed. Factor analysis revealed five factors: outcome expectations; candor; interest in treating cancer; psychosocial concerns: role of the physician; and psychosocial concerns: importance to the patient. Reliabilities ranged from 0.68 to 0.82. A multivariate analysis of variance indicated ...
Furnham A - - 1986
This study set out to investigate the attitudes of preclinical medical students to various specialties. It specifically aimed to measure a range of attitudes to nine medical specialties, by nearly 200 students. Multivariate analysis showed that the scale has various interpretable dimensions which measured such things as the way the ...
Davidhizar R E - - 1986
The attitude of 50 hospitalized persons with schizophrenia toward taking their medication was examined. Both open-ended and fixed-response estimates of attitude were made. Insight also was measured, and the relationships between insight and attitude and between hallucinations and insight were analyzed. Patients were able to provide information about beliefs and ...
Clinthorne J K - - 1986
In nationwide surveys of the extent and nature of psychotherapeutic drug use conducted in 1970 and 1979, respondents were also questioned about their knowledge of tranquilizers and attitudes toward the use of these medications in general and in specific situations. In both 1970 and 1979, most Americans believed that tranquilizers ...
Markova I - - 1986
A survey study was carried out with 211 hemophilic men and 205 carriers of hemophilia at four hemophilia centers in New York; London, Ontario; the West of Scotland; and Athens, Greece. The participants responded to a questionnaire exploring socio-demographic and medical information, attitudes toward hemophilia, and experience of and attitudes ...
Perry S W - - 1986
Regarding the determination of resuscitation status (RS) and the writing of do-not-resuscitate orders, we compared the recent Presidential Guidelines with the attitudes and perceptions of 143 medical professionals in a major medical center. Seventy-four percent of respondents believed that RS was primarily determined by the physician. Only 1% believed the ...
Sivakumar K - - 1986
The significantly favourable changes in medical students' general attitudes to psychiatry which we found after their 8-week clerkship in psychiatry and at the end of their clinical curriculum were not maintained at the end of their first post-graduate year. Three of their specific attitudes to psychiatry changed significantly in an ...
Hammer J S - - 1986
We report a study of occupational stress in 374 paramedics. Results indicate that this profession experiences a high degree of job-related stress relative to other medical personnel. In a component analysis of this stress the results show that job stress manifests itself as job dissatisfaction, organizational stress, and negative patient ...
Feinstein Alvan R - - 1986
Merrill J M - - 1986
The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) has charged directors of residency programs with evaluating "humanistic attributes" in residents seeking certification. To investigate whether traditional measures of residents' performance assess humanistic attributes, 38 second- and third-year medical residents completed the Totalitarian-Authoritarian-Dogmatism (TAD) and Rokeach tests for attitudinal assessment. Five primary ...
Parisi N - - 1986
The medical need for human organs suitable for use as transplants far exceed the supply, and is growing. More favorable attitudes about organ donation would increase people's willingness to sign posthumous donation pledges. But effective educational programs require information about the public's present views. Verbal attitude scales were constructed and ...
Ines Cuyegkeng E - - 1986
For almost 20 years, the Philippine Medical Association, and specifically its Committee on Foods, Drugs and Cosmetics, has not been able to successfully gather information on adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The reporting of ADRs began in 1967, using a very comprehensive reporting form, at a time when news items of ...
McCartney J R - - 1986
The major task of medicine with the geriatric population is to assist with the promotion of a vigorous quality of life and maintenance of function. The key to functioning is cognitive capacity. Evidence is offered that physicians are still not assessing their patients' intellectual functioning, despite its importance not just ...
House J D - - 1986
This study examined relationships between the attitudes of medical faculty toward specific aspects of adult learning theory as well as the degree to which behaviors were actually used to build upon those beliefs. A questionnaire was developed to assess attitudes toward adult learning theory and returned by 269 of the ...
Maiman L A - - 1986
This study examines the extent, determinants and quality of mothers' independent use of medications for treating their children's symptoms. Data on mother-initiated medication behavior (MIMB) were obtained from a stratified systematic random sample of 500 mothers of children presenting for a well child visit at two pediatric ambulatory care sites. ...
De Tullio P L - - 1986
This prospective study examines whether a patient medication instruction sheet (PMI) given to clinic patients by their health care provider affects knowledge and/or attitudes with thiazide diuretic use as part of an antihypertensive regimen. Adult male patients (N = 285) in a general medicine clinic were assigned to groups receiving ...
Samuel-Lajeunesse B - - 1985
A questionnaire on attitudes toward psychiatry was submitted to French medical students in their first year of specialized training in psychiatry or in another medical specialty. The findings do not differ from those of previous United States investigations. In France, although psychiatry is a full medical specialty, psychiatrists are perceived ...
Senger M M - - 1985
The knowledge and attitudes of family practice residents toward geriatric patients was surveyed in eight residencies. Since geriatric care will, in the future, become a more important aspect of the family physician's practice, it is important to ascertain the knowledge and attitude level of physicians in training concerning their geriatric ...
Binder R L - - 1985
Forty-three medical students completed questionnaires about their attitudes toward the right to refuse treatment at the beginning and end of their psychiatric clerkship, during which time their clinical experience included exposure to involuntary psychiatric treatment. The students had a more favorable view of involuntary treatment after the clerkship; the change ...
Davidhizar R E - - 1985
The medical and nursing literature suggests measurement of attitude (feelings and beliefs) of clients with schizophrenia may be possible. This paper reports a study by the author using Fishbein's expectancy-value model to measure attitude toward taking medication and reflects on significant implications of both the research reported in the literature ...
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