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Results 501 - 550 of 666
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Cardew P - - 1992
This article gives an account of the problems which faced medical photographers in the late 1940s and early 1950s. The lack of suitable equipment particularly in regard to cinematography led to ingenious but laborious techniques. The attitude of teaching staff towards the use of lantern slides was coloured by the ...
Banks J W JW - - 1992
The American Medical Association (AMA) has recently published guidelines for the receipt of gifts from industry representatives. To examine faculty members' attitudes toward that AMA policy as it pertains to gifts from the pharmaceutical industry, the authors surveyed the faculty of the University of Kentucky College of Medicine in 1991. ...
Madan T N - - 1992
Death is a theme of central importance in all cultures, but the manner in which it is interpreted varies from society to society. Even so, traditional cultures, including Christian, Hindu and Jain religious traditions, exhibited a positive attitude to death and did not look upon it in a dualistic framework ...
Sainsbury R - - 1992
Medical students' attitudes to the elderly were compared at the start and finish of a 5-week clinical attachment in health care of the elderly at the Christchurch School of Medicine. The study investigated students in their first clinical year (fourth year of their medical course) over five terms using a ...
Byles J E - - 1992
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aims were to estimate the incidence of rectal bleeding in the community, and to determine the proportion of individuals who delay or fail to seek medical advice after a first episode of rectal bleeding. DESIGN: The data were collected as part of a large scale general population ...
Gillard J H - - 1992
The attitudes of British postgraduate deans and senior medical students to the introduction of a national pre-registration house officer allocation scheme were investigated by postal questionnaire. Several postgraduate deans expressed interest, but most were not in favour of the proposal. Students held similar views. The advantages and disadvantages of a ...
Hawkins A H - - 1992
In the past few years, the medical case report has been studied as a document that evidences the way the patient and, by extension, the experiential and subjective aspects of an illness tend to be marginalized in contemporary medical theory and practice. First-person narratives about illness, our popular "pathographies," may ...
Rodrigues C R - - 1992
In a discussion of the objectives of the Post-Graduate Course of the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, i.e., the training of future medical educators as teachers, the author describes the major effort of the School to achieve this objective during the last twenty years. Special emphasis is placed on ...
Araya R I - - 1992
There is controversy about the influence of psychiatric clerkships on medical students' attitudes to psychiatry. In general, studies in developed countries have found a short-lasting improvement in attitudes to psychiatry after a psychiatric clerkship. The present study was designed to measure changes in medical students' attitudes following a psychiatric clerkship ...
Dasberg H - - 1992
Notwithstanding the medical connotation of the term "trauma," (defined as wound, injury), when trauma comes in the wake of organized violence, it is thus a part of complicated inter-actional, cultural and historical phenomena. Two of the currently valid diagnostic and therapeutic paradigms are spelled out in this article, i.e. The ...
Bastiaens L - - 1992
ABSTRACT Child and adolescent psychiatric inpatients (ages 6-16 years) receiving psychopharmacological treatment were compared with unmedicated inpatients regarding their knowledge about medication treatment, expectations of help from these treatments, and attitudes regarding their own use of medication. Most children and adolescents in this sample correctly knew the name of their ...
Cook W R - - 1992
This article reports the results of a survey of the attitudes of medical practitioners in the Sudbury and Manitoulin Health District of Northern Ontario with respect to their experience of litigation alleging medical malpractice. The survey is part of a research project, funded by the Foundation for Legal Research, Montreal, ...
Buchanan A - - 1992
The attitude of the medical profession to psychiatry carries important implications for the quality of personnel attracted into the specialty and for the treatment, in a general medical setting, of patients with mental disorders. This article examines the components of doctors' attitudes and reviews the literature with regard to their ...
Greenland P - - 1992
First-year medical students have been previously reported to have positive attitudes about disease prevention, in general, and about cardiovascular disease prevention, in particular. Whether medical school experiences exert a positive, negative, or neutral effect on prevention-oriented attitudes in medical students is not known. We assessed attitudes toward heart disease prevention ...
Varon J - - 1991
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is attempted every day. Whereas medical professionals and personnel perform these resuscitation attempts, no previous studies have reported the attitudes of medical personnel towards resuscitation for themselves. We have attempted to assess the prevalent attitudes among various physicians at various levels in training and nurses. An eleven ...
Natvig D - - 1991
1. The use of psychotropic medications to control unacceptable or maladaptive behaviors should be an integral part of the client's active treatment plan developed by the interdisciplinary team. 2. Ideally, psychotropic medication is used for behavioral management only after less restrictive programmatic alternatives have been exhausted, and then only in ...
Vincent J L - - 1991
The attitude of a Jehovah's Witness patient refusing a blood transfusion during an exsanguinating episode can raise important ethical problems. Various ethical principles, including the patient's autonomy, the sanctity of life and the dignity of the medical profession can be confronted. A total of 242 doctors, members of the European ...
Fudin C E - - 1991
Today's veterinary professional must not only be medically adept but must also possess good communications and client relations skills. Clients are far more likely to judge a practitioner by his or her interpersonal abilities rather than by medical judgment. This chapter stresses the importance of having "a counselor's attitude" toward ...
Takeo K - - 1991
Despite impressive life-saving medical advancements, diseases for which there are no cure still exist. In the past doctors and health workers in Japan often preferred not to disclose the diagnosis of an incurable disease--particularly cancer--to patients. A 1980 study revealed that only 17% of the Japanese doctors questioned actually had ...
Robinson J N - - 1991
An anonymous questionnaire was circulated at two gamete donation clinics to survey the attitudes of donor insemination patients (n = 71; 89% response rate), sperm donors (n = 52; 85% response rate) and ovum donors (n = 5; 63% response rate) to the release of medical records with non-identifying information, ...
Thorson J A - - 1991
This study presents an analysis of possible changes in attitudes towards older persons and in attitudes towards personal death anxiety that might occur over the course of undergraduate medical education. Three entering classes of medical students at a university in the Mid-western United States completed an attitudes towards old people ...
Stephenson P S - - 1991
Classification of artificial insemination as a medical procedure has largely endured because the practice met the perceived needs of clients, physicians, and society. For nearly two decades, however, the success of self-insemination has challenged both the necessity of involving physicians in the process and the traditional understanding of the procedure ...
Burton G E - - 1991
This study finds that more and more medical doctors are advertising their services and changing their opinions of that advertising., Overall, consumers still have a more positive attitude toward doctor advertising than do the doctors. Within the medical ranks, specialized dentists reflect a more positive attitude toward the advertising of ...
Vähä-Vahe T - - 1991
The opinions of animal owners and practising veterinarians concerning a new restraint-reversal medication (medetomidine-atipamezole) for dogs were obtained by two questionnaires in connection with a clinical study. Four alternative answers to each statement question scored as "completely agree", "somewhat agree", "somewhat disagree" and "completely disagree". The questionnaires were completed by ...
Yellowlees W W - - 1991
The late Surgeon Captain T.L. Cleave (1906-1983) completed his life-long RN professional service by promotion to the post of Director of Medical Research to the Royal Navy. His voyaging as a medical officer gave him unique understanding of patterns of disease throughout the world. He concluded that many of the ...
Miller R J - - 1991
Associations between the frequency of medical visits and psychological disturbance were explored using chronic low back pain patients from a back education class. Psychometric measures included the illness Behaviour Questionnaire (IBQ), somatic problems, and current mood. Males and females responded similarly on all psychological measures. Pain duration and IBQ disease ...
Gauch R R - - 1990
Attitudes toward AIDS were measured by a survey of 212 attendees at the annual meeting of the New Jersey Society for Medical Technology. Twenty five percent of the respondents were considering leaving the profession because of a fear of AIDS. In addition, almost half would not have chosen the field ...
Booth M - - 1990
This paper reports the results of an attitudinal survey of resident medical officers (RMOs) to assess their level of job satisfaction. The survey questionnaire consisted of 31 statements or questions concerning RMOs' attitudes towards various aspects of their work. One-third of RMOs employed in New Zealand hospitals were questioned, totalling ...
Yellowlees P - - 1990
Two hundred and thirteen medical students in their first five years of study at the Flinders University of South Australia completed a 50-item questionnaire studying their beliefs and attitudes towards the specialties and the specialists involved in hospital medicine, surgery, paediatrics, obstetrics and gynaecology, and psychiatry. Four factors were identified ...
Grol R - - 1990
The attitudes of general practitioners in Belgium, Britain and the Netherlands have been sought to determine if they are patient-centred or disease-centred (that is, doctor-centred). The results indicated that many of the doctors held disease-centred attitudes, which in previous studies in the Netherlands and Belgium had correlated with increased prescribing ...
Grol R - - 1990
The attitudes of groups of general practitioners in Belgium, the UK and the Netherlands to risk taking in medical decision making have been determined. The results indicate that many doctors seek to minimize the risks that they take when treating patients. Doctors in Belgium had the highest levels of 'no ...
Chan D W - - 1990
Sex knowledge, attitudes, and experience of 83 Chinese undergraduate medical students were assessed in their responses to the Sex Knowledge and Attitude Test. They were found to be relatively less knowledgeable especially in areas of social and cultural data-based knowledge and were less liberal especially in attitudes toward heterosexual relations ...
de Monchy C - - 1990
The scientific explosion of the second half of this century has led in the medical field to a process of specialization and sub-specialization, with heavy emphasis on knowledge and technical skills and neglect of the traditional humane and interpersonal aspects of the practice of medicine. An important part of clinical ...
Fréour P - - 1990
Smoking is a medical concern. Doctors were the first to recognize the health hazards of smoking. So far, the knowledge of doctors concerning smoking is not really good and their attitude against smoking is not adequate. To change the attitude of doctors, it is necessary to modify the curriculum, multiply ...
Ammerman A - - 1989
Demand for physician-based dietary treatment of hypercholesterolemia is increasing, but medical care providers feel that they lack the skills and confidence necessary to provide these services. Using a self-administered questionnaire, we studied the relationships among dietary knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors to identify the educational needs of entering medical students. On ...
Geller G G Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, MD - - 1989
Although alcoholism is prevalent in both general and inpatient populations, barriers to its timely diagnosis and effective treatment exist. These are often attributed to physicians' inadequate understanding and skill development and negative attitudes toward the disease. All Johns Hopkins' medical students and house staff, during 1986 through 1987, received a ...
Kibele A - - 1989
Adults with cerebral palsy need assistance to maximize their capabilities, interact with others, and achieve independence. They experience difficulty communicating their needs to successfully obtain medical/rehabilitation and independent living services, which are necessary to achieve independent living. Knowledge of the experience of such clients can help occupational therapists to better ...
Otti P N - - 1989
Many aspects of Primary Health Care call for a complete revision of approach, emphasis and mental attitudes in medical education. This appears to be a pre-requisite for the promotion of total health involving all elements (i.e. favourable biological, social and physical environment) in the improvement of the general health status ...
Wolf T M - - 1989
A retrospective attitude questionnaire was administered to 70 of 157 graduating seniors at the end of the medical school year. Students perceived that they became more cynical during medical education. In addition, they perceived that they were more concerned with making money, more concerned for patients, and more helpful. These ...
Cheng K K - - 1989
A survey was conducted among two classes of medical students (N = 293) at the University of Hong Kong to study their smoking habits and knowledge of and attitudes toward smoking. The response rate was 97.3%. There was only one daily smoker (0.4%) and 21 occasional smokers (7.4%). While the ...
Smith C W - - 1989
Medical students' attitudes to the elderly population were compared at entry to and exit from a month-long clinical attachment in the Department of Health Care of the Elderly at Nottingham University. The study investigated clinical students for the 1983-4 and 1986-7 academic years using a questionnaire employing a Rosencranz-McNevin semantic ...
Perri M M - - 1989
This experiment tested the effect of an informational radio advertising intervention on consumer attitudes toward generic medications, consumer attitudes toward the advertising of generic medicines, and the potential for consumers to request generic substitutes for their prescriptions in the future. The informational themes of the advertising intervention included price, quality, ...
Das M P - - 1988
The attitudes of medical students are important as they influence recruitment to psychiatry. In order to better understand the attitudes of medical students towards psychiatry and the impact of psychiatric clerkship, the authors administered a questionnaire eliciting information regarding demographic data, attitudes and career choices to third year medical students ...
Greenland P - - 1988
First-year medical students at eight U.S. medical schools were surveyed by written questionnaire in 1983-1985 to determine their attitudes toward cardiovascular diseases prevention at medical school entry. An overall response rate of 92% was achieved (2,654 questionnaires), and 97% of responders provided complete and analyzable survey data. Response rates at ...
Duckworth S C - - 1988
The negative attitudes of society towards disability and the resulting prejudicial behaviour affects the lives of disabled people. One of the declared aims of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Southampton is to improve attitudes. Hence, an attempt has been made to assess differences in the attitudes held ...
Reekie W D WD Department of Business Economics, University of the Witwatersrand, - - 1988
A large-scale national sample survey was conducted to assess the health and sickness profiles of the population by conventional demographic parameters. The objective was to ascertain how people treated particular ailments and in particular how and when they used proprietary medicines and other self-medication alternatives rather than a professional medical ...
Ewan C - - 1988
A comparison of first-year medical students' attitudes to social issues in medicine with attitudes of non-medical first-year students in 1983 found that the medical group was less conservative towards general social issues but more conservative in relation to those areas which closely affect the doctor's role, particularly the place of ...
Sircar B K - - 1988
A survey was carried out amongst a population of 6236 on diarrhoeal mortality and morbidity along with beliefs and practices at Addis Zemen, Northwestern Ethiopia. The prevalence (13.5%) and the proportion of diarrhoea related deaths (41.7%) were high among children below five years. Most of the mothers believed that diarrhoea ...
Roskin G - - 1988
In a prior study a questionnaire was developed which reliably measured a variety of physicians' attitudes toward patients. In the present study we have used this questionnaire to compare the attitudes of physicians specializing in Internal Medicine, Surgery, Pediatrics and Psychiatry with one another and with a group of medical ...
Dwyer J W - - 1988
The importance of medical training which emphasizes comprehensive, biopsychosocial medical care is increasingly recognized. Research has focused on characteristics affecting attitudes toward psychosocial information, inferring that such attitudes are acceptable surrogates for demonstrated ability. The current study evaluates the accuracy of information elicited during medical interviews conducted by medical students. ...
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