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Results 201 - 250 of 603
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Nankoe Sharif R - - 2006
During clathrin-mediated endocytosis, dynamin promotes the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles, but its mode of action is unresolved. In a recent study, Macia and colleagues made use of dynasore, a dynamin-specific inhibitor, to show that dynamin plays a dual role in endocytosis: they confirmed that dynamin is involved in detaching fully ...
Coller Barry S BS Laboratory of Blood and Vascular Biology, Rockefeller University, New York, New York 10021, USA. - - 2006
Triggered by an encounter with survivors of the studies on twins conducted in Auschwitz by Joseph Mengele, who held both MD and PhD degrees, I offer thoughts on the extraordinary powers physician-scientists have to enhance or degrade human dignity. Biomedical science lacks intrinsic morality, but attains moral status by virtue ...
Mavroforou A - - 2006
The experience from the scandals in hospitals at Liverpool and Bristol in the UK where retention of tissue and organs was undertaken without the consent of the parents and relatives raised serious concerns regarding the efficacy of the existing Human Tissue Act 1961, in England and the operation of the ...
McNamee M J MJ Centre for Philosophy, Humanities and Law in Healthcare, School of Health Science, University of Wales, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK. - - 2006
In this article, transhumanism is considered to be a quasi-medical ideology that seeks to promote a variety of therapeutic and human-enhancing aims. Moderate conceptions are distinguished from strong conceptions of transhumanism and the strong conceptions were found to be more problematic than the moderate ones. A particular critique of Boström's ...
Marsollier Laurent - - 2007
The severe skin-destructive disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans, named Buruli ulcer, is the third most important mycobacterial disease in humans after tuberculosis and leprosy. Recently we demonstrated that M. ulcerans could colonize the salivary glands of the water bug, Naucoris cimicoides. In this study, we report that M. ulcerans may ...
Sagher Daphna - - 2006
In a recent study on the reducing requirement for the methionine sulfoxide reductases (Msr) (Sagher, D., Brunell, D., Hejtmancik, J. F., Kantorow, M., Brot, N. & Weissbach, H. (2006) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 103, 8656-8661), we have shown that thioredoxin, although an excellent reducing system for Escherichia ...
Nishiyama Takahito - - 2006
Glucuronidation is a major metabolic pathway in the biotransformation of many xenobiotics and endogeneous compounds. There have been many studies on the formation of O-, N- or S-glucuronides and identification of the UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) isoforms responsible for the formation of these glucuronides. However, there is no information available on which ...
Renter David G - - 2006
To determine the prevalence and serovars of Salmonella in free-ranging deer, we cultured feces from white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) harvested by hunters during a regular firearm season in southeastern Nebraska (USA). We recovered Salmonella from 5 (1%; 95% confidence interval: 0.37-2.20%) of 500 samples and identified four different Salmonella enterica ...
La Rosa Giuseppina - - 2006
There is little information on the epidemiology of Human Adenoviruses (HAdVs) in Italy. In this study, 103 HAdV isolates, collected by the A. Gemelli Hospital (Catholic University Medical School of Rome, Italy) between 1987 and 2005, were genotyped by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis on a partial hexon gene region. Nine ...
McNally L M - - 2006
The sale of over-the-counter pain relief medication has increased dramatically in recent years, and typically amounts to several hundred thousands of pounds per year in the UK. Many soluble analgesic preparations contain citric acid, and it has been suggested that these formulations may cause dental erosion. The aim of this ...
Viale Giuseppe - - 2006
The rete mirabile, a vascular network assumed to give origin to the intracranial segments of the internal carotid arteries, was interpreted by Galen as the key station for the conversion of the "vital spirit" into the "animal spirit." According to this interpretation, the rete was determinant either in sustaining the ...
Lee H L - - 2006
There were a spate of recent complaints of insect bites and the entomological specimens received from various sources were identified to be those of cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis) and rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis), the tropical bed-bug (Cimex hemipterus) and the dog louse (Heterodoxus spiniger). Only the fleas and the bed-bug ...
Mirilas Petros - - 2006
The extraordinary European journey of Tsar Peter the Great and his passage to Amsterdam, The Netherlands, allowed him to meet a great figure of medical history who offered insight into the mysteries surrounding the structure of the human body. The famous Dutch anatomist Frederik Ruysch, preeminent in dissection and anatomical ...
Benson Merrill D - - 2006
Transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis, the most common form of hereditary systemic amyloidosis, is characterized clinically by adult-onset axonal neuropathy and restrictive cardiomyopathy. More than 85 mutations in transthyretin have been found to cause this hereditary disease. Since essentially all circulating TTR is of hepatic origin, orthotopic liver transplantation has been used ...
Rajnicek Ann M - - 2006
Electric fields (EFs) resembling those in the developing and regenerating nervous systems steer growth cones towards the cathode. Requirements for actin microfilaments, microtubules and their interactions during EF growth cone steering have been presumed, but remain unproven. Here, we demonstrate essential roles for dynamic microfilaments and microtubules in cathode-directed migration. ...
Assefa Zelalem - - 2006
The Middle Stone Age (MSA) sediments of Porc-Epic Cave near Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, have produced a large assemblage of archaeofaunal remains dating to the later periods of the Late Pleistocene. As one of the few MSA faunal assemblages from East Africa subject to detailed analysis, it provides rare insight into ...
Breithaupt, Barbara Janine
x, 51 leaves. Advisor: Charisse M. Buising.
Wysocki J - - 2006
In medical practice, especially in analysis of radiograms and computed tomography scans, it is very important to be familiar with the anatomy of the skull base, not only the normal and typical anatomical structures but also the variations and anomalies. One of the important venous foramina of the human skull ...
Jafari Mahtab - - 2006
The use of animal models for initially screening anti-aging drugs is a promising approach for drug discovery. However, there a number of potential artifacts, confounds and errors that can arise in such research programs. The following rules are intended to minimize such problems: (1) since aging occupies an increasing proportion ...
Gray Gregory C - - 2006
We retrospectively studied 420 pharyngeal swab specimens collected from Peruvian and Argentinean patients with influenzalike illness in 2002 and 2003 for evidence of human metapneumovirus (HMPV). Twelve specimens (2.3%) were positive by multiple assays. Six specimens yielded HMPV isolates. Four of the 6 isolates were of the uncommon B1 genotype.
Yamano Toshihiko - - 2006
To exert beneficial effects for the host, for example, improving the intestinal microflora, a probiotic must reach the intestine as a viable strain. These properties must be demonstrated by in vitro as well as in vivo methods. However, only a few well-designed human clinical studies have shown these properties. Lactobacillus ...
880-01 Kuang-Chi, Lai
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Chung Shan Medical University Institute of Medicine
Bleakley Alan - - 2006
The medical humanities are often implemented in the undergraduate medicine curriculum through injection of discrete option courses as compensation for an overdose of science. The medical humanities may be reformulated as process and perspective, rather than content, where the curriculum is viewed as an aesthetic text and learning as aesthetic ...
Bruine De Bruin W - - 2006
Structured surveys were conducted with 19 medical experts, and 17 non-medical experts in related fields, attending a meeting about pandemic influenza. Respondents gave quantitative judgments for key variables potentially affecting the extent of a possible H5N1 pandemic. The medical experts saw about a 15% (median) chance of efficient human-to-human transmission, ...
Gillis Christina Marsden - - 2006
This essay explores how strategies integral to inquiry in the humanities provide insights into developing an interdisciplinary approach to studies of death and dying that will be relevant to medical practice as well as to humanistic study. The author asks how we can produce new modes of knowledge in an ...
Shapiro Paul - - 2006
Some philosophers have argued that moral agency is characteristic of humans alone and that its absence from other animals justifies granting higher moral status to humans. However, human beings do not have a monopoly on moral agency, which admits of varying degrees and does not require mastery of moral principles. ...
Nielsen Benjamin A - - 2006
Resilon, a thermoplastic, polyester polymer-based filling material, is a new material used for sealing root canals after chemomechanical preparation. The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare nickel-titanium (NiTi) spreader penetration in root canals having a .04 taper preparation using .02 and .04 tapered master gutta-percha cones and ...
Kleppe Sandra Lee - - 2006
There is an analogy between a scientific approach to medicine in which the patient ultimately becomes an object of study rather than a whole person, and a post/modern aesthetic in literature in which the subject has little or no agency in a chaotic linguistic universe. Raymond Carver died of cancer ...
Agematu Hitosi - - 2006
Two hundred thirteen cytochrome P450 (P450) genes were collected from bacteria and expressed based on an Escherichia coli expression system to test their hydroxylation ability to testosterone. Twenty-four P450s stereoselectively monohydroxylated testosterone at the 2alpha-, 2beta-, 6beta-, 7beta-, 11beta-, 12beta-, 15beta-, 16alpha-, and 17-positions (17-hydroxylation yields 17-ketoproduct). The hydroxylation site ...
Wachtler Caroline - - 2006
Today, there is a trend towards establishing the medical humanities as a component of medical education. However, medical humanities programs that exist within the context of a medical school can be problematic. The aim of this study was to explore problems that can arise with the establishment of a medical ...
O'Mathúna Dónal P - - 2006
The justification for Nazi programs involving involuntary euthanasia, forced sterilisation, eugenics and human experimentation were strongly influenced by views about human dignity. The historical development of these views should be examined today because discussions of human worth and value are integral to medical ethics and bioethics. We should learn lessons ...
von Weymarn Linda B LB Department of Pharmacology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, - - 2006
Isothiocyanates have been shown to be potent inhibitors of carcinogenesis in animals exposed to a number of chemical carcinogens including the tobacco-specific nitrosamine 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). In this study the effects of benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) and phenethyl isothiocyanate (PEITC), two naturally occuring isothiocyanates, on P450 2A6 and 2A13 were investigated. P450s ...
Littlewood Roland - - 2005
A study of Natuzza Evolo, a contemporary Roman Catholic stigmatic in southern Italy, raises certain questions of mechanism and evidence. Was this a miracle, hysterical conversion or contrived? The medical interpretation of the phenomenon as conversion disorder raises questions about the popularity of hysteria as a medical diagnosis and the ...
Kawada Hitoshi - - 2005
Field trials on the spatial repellency of metofluthrin-impregnated plastic strips for mosquitoes present in shelters without walls (beruga) were carried out in Lombok, Indonesia. A major reduction in the incidence of human biting by Culex quinquefasciatus was achieved, and the use of two strips per beruga repelled >60% of the ...
Erickson Stephen A - - 2005
What is Christian about Christian bioethics? And is an authentically Christian bioethics a practical possibility in the world in which we find ourselves? In my essay I argue that personhood and the personal are so fundamental to the Christian understanding of our humanity that body, soul, and spirit are probably ...
Diamandopoulos A - - 2005
The views on the biological relationship between human and ape are polarized. One end is summarized by the axiom that "man is the third chimpanzee", a thesis put forward in an indirect way initially by Charles Darwin in the 19th century. The other is a very modern concept that although ...
Graham M M - - 2005
With impending human resource needs in the field of cardiology, attention has turned to recruitment of female medical trainees. The authors explore the issues around balancing career and family. Possible solutions are considered, and all require a satisfactory work-life balance that will be able to attract young, talented physicians.
Chaffanjon Philippe C J - - 2005
The anatomy and physiology of the omentum provide optimum reconstructive characteristics and the omentum may be used as a free or pedicled autograft, but also as the receptor site for engraftment of glandular islets. Our purpose was the study of the omental anatomy of non-human primate (NHP), in order to ...
Chen Haiqin - - 2006
Human defensins are a family of cationic antimicrobial peptides with molecular weights of 4-5 kDa, containing a conserved six disulphide-linked cysteine motif. During the last two decades a series of endogenous alpha- and beta-human defensins were discovered. They exhibit a broad range of antimicrobial properties and are thought to be ...
Braun Martin - - 2005
Octave-circular pitch perception, the repetition of pitch scale qualities when surpassing the octave interval, has been observed in behavioral data from humans and monkeys, but the underlying anatomy and physiology is still unknown. Here we analyze octave circularity in a concert pianist with absolute pitch, both under medication with the ...
Asai Atsushi - - 2005
In this brief article, we examine the document entitled Universal Draft Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, published by UNESCO in June 2005. We examine it in terms of its content and its appropriate role in global bioethics movements in the future. We make clear our view on the declaration: ...
Prasad C - - 2005
Clinical disorders have intrigued the human mind for thousands of years. Many are enshrined in history as 'medical curiosities'. This report is a tribute to one of the greatest minds of modern genetics and medicine, Sir Archibald Edward Garrod (1857--1936), who brought forward the scientific study of inborn errors of ...
Teng Ching-Hwa - - 2005
The aims of the present study were to investigate the impact of research subjects' characteristics on the accuracy of the BladderScan when the latter is used to measure post-void residual urine volume, and to evaluate differences between BladderScan and catheterization in terms of the expenditure of time and of human ...
Hoffer L John - - 2005
Electrospray tandem mass spectrometry was used to determine steady-state serum and urinary inorganic sulfate and sulfate ester kinetic profiles of nine normal men after intravenous injection of the stable isotope sodium [34S]sulfate. Sulfate ester appearance was traced by eliminating inorganic sulfate from samples, followed by hydrolysis of sulfate esters to ...
Ritter Erich Kurt - - 2005
Bite wounds on humans have rarely been comparatively analyzed, and the behavior leading to such bites is virtually unknown. Nevertheless, the behavior of a shark is reflected in the bite structure and should be an essential part of shark-accident analysis. This paper compares 3 nonfatal accidents on humans, caused by ...
Borovecki-Jakovljev Sanja - - 2005
In this article, authors have tried to answer the question: "Where is the place, and what is the meaning of the Oedipus complex in contemporary psychoanalysis?" The review of different theoretical standpoints was given, according to meaning and place of the Oedipus complex in human development. Although it depends on ...
Komnenou A Th - - 2005
A retrospective study was conducted on free-ranging raptors (n = 402) presented to the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, during a 3-yr period (1997-2000). Representatives of 19 species were admitted from taxonomic orders Accipitriformes (n = 295), Falconiformes (n = 35), and ...
Reby David - - 2005
While vocal tract resonances or formants are key acoustic parameters that define differences between phonemes in human speech, little is known about their function in animal communication. Here, we used playback experiments to present red deer stags with re-synthesized vocalizations in which formant frequencies were systematically altered to simulate callers ...
Routh Hirak B - - 2005
The inhumanity of human beings to other human beings has transcended all continents and every civilization from time immemorial. No amount of prohibitions, be they religious or legal edicts, has prevented cruel and inhuman punishment inflicted by human beings on others to subjugate them. Torture continues to be a common ...
Zabriskie Beverley - - 2005
The capacity of the human mind to discover and invent both imagistic analogies and mathematical structures to represent reality is strikingly juxtaposed in the ancient Chinese text of the I Ching. Its emphasis on containing all sorts of opposites and its plastic appeal to multi-valenced experience has kept it alive ...
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