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Bates Jane - - 2014
An apple a day keeps the doctor away, or so the saying goes. What would we do without fruit to repel unwanted attention from medics and combat disease?
Roberts Wendy E - - 2014
Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is a common worldwide problem. It is challenging to treat, complex in pathogenesis, and lacking straightforward and repeatable therapeutic options. It may occur in the young and old, however the development of dark circles under the eyes in any age is of great aesthetic concern because it ...
Rubenstein Richard M RM Wellington Regional Medical Center Dermatology Program, Wellington, - - 2014
Malassezia (Pityrosporum) folliculitis is a fungal acneiform condition commonly misdiagnosed as acne vulgaris. Although often associated with common acne, this condition may persist for years without complete resolution with typical acne medications. Malassezia folliculitis results from overgrowth of yeast present in the normal cutaneous flora. Eruptions may be associated with ...
Aggar Christina C Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney, Room A5.04, MO2, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attainment of oral medication administration skills and competency for student nurses is challenging and medication errors are common. The ability of nurses to master a clinical skill is dependent upon educational instruction and practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate nursing students' perception of preparedness for oral medication ...
Joseph Nitin N Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, - - 2014
Skin diseases are a common problem among young adults. There is paucity of data about it among medical students. This study aimed to find out the pattern of skin disorders and to describe their association with various socio-demographic factors among medical students. This cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2011 ...
O'Gorman Susan M SM Department of Dermatology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Photosensitivity is an exaggerated or abnormal response to ultraviolet (UV) or visible light exposure. Many current medications are known photosensitizers; however, the effects of the sensitization can be subclinical and go unnoticed by the person affected. While some of these drugs are used for short and defined periods, others are ...
Micali Giuseppe - - 2013
Medical therapy represents an alternative treatment approach that can be considered for some forms of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). In selected cases, topical treatments are preferable to invasive procedures, especially in the case of multifocal lesions, unclear lesion edges, risk of keloids, surgical risk factors and localization in some areas ...
Meyer Jonathan M JM Patton State Hospital, Patton, California, USA; Mental Health Intensive Case Management, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, - - 2013
Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics can have considerable advantages over oral medications for the management of patients with schizophrenia. Despite the high prevalence of treatment nonadherence with oral pharmacotherapy, LAI antipsychotics are significantly underutilized in this patient population. The availability of newer LAI antipsychotic preparations combined with a resurgent interest in ...
Desai Pooja R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study compared adherence to oral diabetes medications among users and nonusers of oral antipsychotic medications. Adherence to oral antidiabetics and antipsychotics among antipsychotic users was also compared. METHODS Texas Medicaid prescription claims data from July 1, 2008, to December 31, 2011, were used to examine adherence to oral ...
Bhattacharyya Neil - - 2013
Nasal polyps occur in a significant fraction of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. However, patterns of medical management in nasal polyp cases are unknown. We sought to determine actual national estimates and contemporary prescribing patterns for ambulatory care visits with a diagnosis of nasal polyposis (NP). The National Ambulatory Medical Care ...
Nordstrom Kimberly - - 2013
Psychomotor agitation is often associated with aggression. It is important to identify agitation early and achieve results quickly in order to prevent aggressive behavior. Strategies may include verbal de-escalation techniques, reduced stimulation, medications, or a combination of approaches. Historically, pharmacological treatments for agitation have been delivered using oral and intramuscular ...
Hedna Khedidja - - 2013
To assess refill adherence to dispensed oral long-term medications among the adult population and to investigate whether the percentages of self-reported adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and sub-therapeutic effects (STEs) differed for medications with adequate refill adherence, oversupply, and undersupply. Survey responses on self-reported ADRs and STEs were linked to the ...
Papi L - - 2013
Amniocentesis is one of the most important prenatal diagnostic procedures available to assess congenital abnormalities. It is performed worldwide due to its simplicity of execution and lack of risk. The most frequent known accidents in amniocentesis are abortion, oligohydramnios, amniositis and placental abruption, while direct fetal injuries produced by contact ...
Hadji P - - 2013
Adherence and persistence to oral bisphosphonates in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis is suboptimal. In this study, patients were treated with either oral or intravenous bisphosphonates. The increased adherence and persistence observed in patients receiving intravenous medication compared with those receiving oral medication may improve health outcomes. Poor adherence and persistence ...
Bailey Mark S - - 2013
Skin complaints are common in travellers to foreign countries and are responsible for up to 25% of medical consultations by military personnel during deployments in the tropics. They also have relatively high rates of field hospital admission, medical evacuation and referral to UK Role 4 healthcare facilities. Non-infectious tropical skin ...
Augustin M - - 2013
Background: Although hyperhidrosis is a common and burdensome condition, little is known about the population-based prevalence. Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology, disease burden and medical care of hyperhidrosis in German adults. Methods: Employees of fifty-two companies underwent skin screenings and interviews including hyperhidrosis questions. Results: 14,336 individuals were investigated (36% ...
Kim Ock-Joo - - 2013
The oral history helps researchers to fill the gap in historical documents in research on the contemporary history of medicine in Korea. More and more studies in history of contemporary medicine in Korea have come out using oral history of doctors and patients. Based upon the author's research on development ...
Garus-Pakowska Anna - - 2013
To minimize the risk of cross-infection between the patient and the medical staff, it is necessary to use individual protective measures such as gloves. According to the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO), protective gloves should always be used upon ...
Abraham Ivo - - 2013
Patient non-adherence to prescribed medication regimens is a significant problem and affects clinical treatment outcomes. The MemoPatch™ medical device, currently in development, is an electronic skin patch intended to deliver tactile medication reminder signals. Fifty volunteers completed a laboratory experiment that evaluated the detectability and appraisal thresholds of five split ...
Kumar Sonal S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital and Research Centre, Sant Tukaram Nagar, Pimpri, Pune, 18 Maharashtra - - 2013
According to the Consortium on National Consensus for Medical Abortion in India, on average about 11 million abortions take place annually, and around 20,000 women die every year due to abortion-related complications. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy and the side effect profile of a regime of 200 ...
Enei Maria Leonor - - 2013
Argyria is a rare disease caused by prolonged skin contact with silver. Localized cases have been described regarding the use of topical medications, and trauma with objects containing this metal such as acupuncture needles and jewelry. Clinically, a macule or a patch, round or oval, appears in the infected area, ...
Eichenfield Lawrence F - - 2013
Important differences exist in the physiology of the stratum corneum barrier according to demographic, cultural, and medical factors. Understanding these differences is crucial to choosing strategies for optimum clinical management.
Gesek Daniel J DJ - - 2013
Respiratory anesthetic emergencies are the most common complications encountered during the administration of anesthesia in both the adult and pediatric populations. Regardless of the depth of anesthesia, a thorough review of the patients' health history, including the past medical history, medication list, prior anesthesia history, and complex physical examination, is ...
Halpern Rachel - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Lack of adherence to medications for chronic conditions is a pervasive problem. This study examined adherence to baclofen, tizanidine, and dantrolene (FDA-approved oral spasticity medications) and identified determinants of adherence. DESIGN: Retrospective administrative claims data analysis, employing medical and pharmacy claims data and enrollment information from a large, national ...
Gopalakrishna Ganesh - - 2013
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness with a life time prevalence of approximately one percent worldwide. Maintenance antipsychotic treatment has been effective in preventing relapses in long term follow up studies. Logically it can be proposed that long acting injectable antipsychotics (LAI) might reduce both unintentional and intentional non adherence. ...
Rutala William A - - 2013
Semicritical medical devices are defined as items that come into contact with mucous membranes or nonintact skin (eg, gastrointestinal endoscopes). Such medical devices require minimally high-level disinfection. Because many of these items are temperature sensitive, low-temperature chemical methods must be used rather than steam sterilization. Strict adherence to current guidelines ...
Tripathy Anusmita A Priya Nursing Home, - - 2013
A 50 year old male, presented to us with fever and severe skin and mucous membrane lesions, and was diagnosed to be suffering from a deadly medical emergency: Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: (TEN) which has been discussed in detail.
Zhu L-L - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Administering oral medications to patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) is a challenging patient-care issue. Inappropriate prescribing behaviour and incorrect procedure for extemporaneous preparation of oral suspensions given via NGT may result in significant harm to patients. There are many drugs which have not been tested ...
Lin Jay - - 2013
Real-world medication adherence and healthcare costs of patients with schizophrenia initiating long-acting injectable (LAI) vs. oral antipsychotics were compared. Patients with schizophrenia initiating LAI or oral antipsychotics (index event) were identified from MarketScan Commercial and Medicare claims databases and their medication possession ratios (MPR), pre- and post-index costs for inpatient/outpatient ...
Wilson Diane - - 2013
Mass injury events present a unique medical challenge. Effective communications and coordination of resources including trained personnel as well as supplies and equipment are critical in these emergent situations. In the U.S., the availability of allograft skin plays a lifesaving role in treatment of burn injuries. Maintaining an adequate and ...
Benjamin Latanya T - - 2013
Birthmarks are commonplace and most pose no significant detriment to health. It is usual for some 'birthmarks' to manifest within the first weeks to months of life and are not necessarily seen at birth. This is attributed in large part to the maturation of neonatal skin and the deepening of ...
Iwamura Takashi - - 2013
Introduction: The Utstein-style guidelines have been used in various countries around the world, because they are suitable for evaluating regional emergency medical systems (EMSs) for patients who have an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). This report examined the present status of treating OHCA in Saga Prefecture and examined policies that can ...
Palmieri James R - - 2013
Cutaneous myiasis in humans is a temporary parasitic infestation of the skin by fly larvae or maggots of a variety of Dipteran families. In the United States, autochthonous cases of myiasis are infrequently seen. Most cases of cutaneous myiasis are acquired when traveling to tropical areas of Africa, Central America ...
Catalfamo L - - 2013
To date, there are no studies reported in the literature on the possible use of bovine collagen, oxidized regenerated cellulose, or synthetic hyaluronic acid medications in the oral cavity. The aim of this paper is to report the use of bovine collagen, oxidized regenerated cellulose, and synthetic hyaluronic acid medications ...
Patil Shankargouda S Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Pathology, MS Ramaiah Dental College, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India, Phone:+918050798169 email: - - 2013
Museum technology is perpetually changing due to current requirements and added inventions for our comfort and furbished display of specimens. Hence numerous methods of specimen preservation have been put on trial by diverse people in the medical feld as are the inventions. But only few have caught people's interest and ...
Ohno Giichiro - - 2012
The Japanese Antarctic Research Expedition (JARE) has had a presence in Antarctica since 1956. The Syowa station is 15,000 km from Japan and evacuation of patients is impossible during the winter months. From 1956 to 2003, a total of 4932 telemedical consultations were undertaken, i.e. every member of the station ...
Aquino Theodore L - - 2012
Rashes are common complaints on ships. With limited diagnostic tests and no specialists readily available, treating serious skin conditions is difficult. The patient in this case report had a gradually worsening, severe rash, with multiple possible etiologies, in which incorrect treatment could have resulted in significant morbidity. Moreover, medical evacuations ...
Laulicht Bryan B Division of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Medicine, Center for Regenerative Therapeutics, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, - - 2012
Medical tape that provides secure fixation of life-sustaining and -monitoring devices with quick, easy, damage-free removal represents a longstanding unmet medical need in neonatal care. During removal of current medical tapes, crack propagation occurs at the adhesive-skin interface, which is also the interface responsible for device fixation. By designing quick-release ...
Beckett Victoria L - - 2012
Parents administer oral medications with various measuring devices including metal teaspoons, calibrated spoons and oral syringes. We aimed to determine which was the most accurate. Self-controlled, non-randomised, experimental study. Caregivers attending paediatric outpatient clinics. Caregivers measured 5 ml of 120 mg/5 ml paracetamol suspension using a 5.0 ml metal teaspoon, ...
Beran Tanya N - - 2012
Although the development of collaborative relationships is considered a requirement for medical education, the functioning of these relationships may be impaired by a well-documented social-psychological phenomenon known as group conformity. The authors hypothesized that students would insert a needle into an incorrect location relative to the patella when performing a ...
Nussinovitch Moshe - - 2012
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is an increasingly common medical condition. Some studies have demonstrated an increased prevalence of atrial premature contractions and anatomical changes in AN patients. Our aim was to investigate P wave parameters and P wave dispersion, an electrocardiographic marker for supraventricular arrhythmias, and its effect on AN. The ...
Maalouf Naim - - 2012
Nephrolithiasis is a prevalent and costly condition with high recurrence rate. A medical evaluation to identify abnormalities responsible for nephrolithiasis and guide subsequent therapy has been advocated to reduce the risk of stone recurrence. The evaluation of kidney stone formers generally comprises an extensive medical history to identify metabolic, environmental, ...
Barnela Shriganesh R - - 2012
Kidney stone is a common clinical problem faced by clinicians. The prevalence of the disease is increasing worldwide. As the affected population is getting younger and recurrence rates are high, dietary modifications, lifestyle changes, and medical management are essential. Patients with recurrent stone disease need careful evaluation for underlying metabolic ...
Reason Ben - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Prescription medication use increases with age. Seniors face an increased risk of adverse drug reactions from medications, partly because the kidneys and liver can lose functional ability with increasing age, resulting in the need for changes in dosage. OBJECTIVE: To use population survey data to understand the extent and ...
Capriotti Kara - - 2012
Iodophor preparations are commonly used in all medical specialties for antisepsis of the skin prior to injections, invasive procedures, and surgery. Povidone-iodine has some very intriguing properties that make it extremely effective as a broad spectrum bacteriocidal agent with no known bacterial resistance, potentially lending itself to broader applications than ...
Levy Lauren L - - 2012
Recent studies highlighting the psychological benefits of medical treatment for dermatological skin conditions have demonstrated a clear role for medical therapy in psychological health. Skin conditions, particularly those that are overtly visible, such as those located on the face, neck, and hands, often have a profound effect on the daily ...
Li Chia-Cheng - - 2012
Imatinib mesylate (STI-571, Gleevec(®)), a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, is a first-line medication for treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Clinical studies revealed very good hematological responses without significant side effects. However, imatinib may lead to mucosal pigmentation. Three patients, two males aged 64 and 53 and one female aged 29 presented ...
Matsuura Tamie - - 2011
Using two-period panel data from the Nippon Life Insurance Research Institute, this paper tests the hypothesis that an increase in the self-pay ratio of medical expenditures associated with the Japanese health insurance reforms of April 2003 reduced household medical expenditures. We find that the increase in the self-pay ratio had ...
Zakharov Sergey - - 2011
This study aimed to analyse medication errors committed by health care professionals leading to toxicological consultations at the Czech Toxicological Information Centre (TIC), and to identify the categories of special concern for further interventions of health care quality experts. From the TIC database, 44,344 calls concerning drug application were studied ...
Zaman Muhammad A - - 2011
SUMMARYThe objective of the present study was to evaluate the anticoccidial effect of different concentrations of the herbal complex of 4 plants (leaves of Azadirachta indica and Nicotiana tabacum, flowers of Calotropis procera and seeds of Trachyspermum ammi) in broiler chickens in comparison with amprolium anticoccidial. Three concentrations (2 g, ...
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