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Ernst J B JB Clinic for Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Diabetes Center North Rhine-Westphalia, Ruhr University Bochum, Bad Oeynhausen, - - 2014
Low vitamin D status, i.e. circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels <50 nmol/l, is independently associated with increased CVD risk. Medication use may influence 25OHD levels. We therefore investigated the association of circulating 25OHD with medication use in patients scheduled for cardiac surgery. A total of 11,256 patients were included in this ...
Lataifeh Abdel Rahman - - 2014
A 62-year-old white woman was admitted with shortness of breath, wheezing, and cough. While in the hospital a generalized pruritic skin rash developed on her trunk and upper and lower extremities. She did not have any fevers, chills, or night sweats. The patient was known to have chronic, difficult-to-control asthma ...
Juarez Deborah Taira DT 1 The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy; University of Hawaii at Hilo , Honolulu, - - 2014
Abstract The objectives of this study were to describe patient characteristics and types of medications taken by those with poor glycemic control (A1c>7%) despite being adherent to antidiabetic medications. This is a retrospective analysis of administrative data from adult patients with diabetes enrolled in a large health plan in Hawaii ...
Sankaranarayanan Jayashri J Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, - - 2014
Objectives were to evaluate correlates, and economic outcomes of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use by route in the intensive care unit from an institutional-payer perspective. A 13-month retrospective study of electronic medical records was conducted of 534 adult (≥19 year-old) intensive care unit patients receiving a PPI (39% enteral-only, 34% ...
Koubeissi Mohamad Z MZ Department of - - 2014
Cutaneous eruptions and hypersensitivity represent frequently reported side effects of anti-seizure medications. However, these side-effects have rarely been previously reported for lacosamide, a newer-generation anti-seizure medication with a novel mechanism of action. Here, we report a case of diffuse skin eruption in a patient with history of epilepsy soon after ...
Tcheng James E JE Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
Although electronic product identification in the consumer sector is ubiquitous, unique identification of medical devices is just being implemented in 2014. To evaluate unique device identifiers (UDIs) in health care, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) funded the Medical Device Epidemiology Network initiative, including a demonstration of the implementation ...
Corrêa-Fissmer Mariane M Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina, Tubarão, SC, - - 2014
Self-medication is the selection and use of drugs without medical prescription, to treat diseases or for symptomatic relief. This article is a systematic review on self-medication in skin diseases. A search was conducted on Virtual Health Library and PubMed databases using predetermined descriptors. Two researchers performed the article selection process ...
Li Wenfei - - 2014
Condylomata acuminata (genital warts) is the most common sexually transmitted disease, and imiquimod is the sole FDA-approved medication for combating this condition. Vitiligo associated with imiquimod treatment of condylomata acuminata is rare. A 28-year-old male with condylomata acuminata of the penis presented to our clinic. After removing his condylomata acuminata, ...
Baker Mary Grace MG School of Medicine, University of - - 2014
Dermatology can develop creative ways of participating in the preclerkship medical school curriculum. We sought to describe and report student survey results of a novel collaborative learning activity for medical students, directed by dermatology, histology, and gross anatomy faculty, which used cadavers to replicate the process of skin lesion biopsy and ...
McCready Zachary R ZR College of Dental Medicine-Illinois, Midwestern University, 555 31st Street, Downers Grove, IL, 60515, - - 2014
Approximately 21,000 osteopathic medical students were enrolled in the USA in 2012-2013. These future physicians are being educated with an emphasis on a holistic or patient-centered approach, with a focus on preventive care. Considering the importance of preventive care and early diagnosis in the outcomes of oral malignancies, our goal ...
Newbold Georgina M GM Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California-Davis, Davis, CA - - 2014
Objective-To determine how frequently Malassezia spp were identified on the periocular skin of dogs and assess the respective associations between the presence of Malassezia spp on the periocular skin and blepharitis, ocular discharge, and the application of ophthalmic medications. Design-Prospective clinical study. Animals-167 eyelids of 84 dogs. Procedures-Samples obtained from ...
Ishiy Patrícia Sayuri PS Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Botucatu, SP, - - 2014
There are few populational studies to estimate the dimension of dermatological diseases. We performed a survey with 515 employees from UNESP campus, Botucatu (SP), exploring demographic data, medical appointments and dermatological diagnoses. Additionally, we induced questions about prevalent diseases. Appointments to the dermatologist were reported by 77% of subjects. The ...
Vaughan-Sarrazin Mary S MS Comprehensive Access and Delivery Research and Evaluation Center, Iowa City Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa, IA; General Internal Medicine, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa, IA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Prescribing rate control medications with or without antiarrhythmic drugs is often the first course treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF). Clinical trial data suggest that antiarrhythmic drugs are only marginally effective and have multiple drawbacks, whereas rate control alone is sufficient for most patients with minimally symptomatic AF. This study investigates ...
Adams Brandi N BN New York Presbyterian Hospital-Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, - - 2014
Virginia Apgar's original scoring system reserved a score of 2 for color only "…when the entire child was pink." However, Dr Apgar also said that color was "the most unsatisfactory sign" and "…the inherited pigmentation of the skin of colored children" interfered with this sign. We aimed to evaluate current ...
Staszek Dariusz D History of Science and Military Medicine Department, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. Head of Department: Czesław Jeśman Prof. MUL, PhD, - - 2014
The article presents an outline of the development of world and Polish dermatology. The author points out to the first descriptions of skin diseases by ancient and medieval medical luminaries. The outline of the Polish dermatology is based on examples of doctors living in the 16(th) and 17(th) centuries. The ...
Sartori Arianna A University of Trieste, Ospedale di Cattinara - Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Ospedali Riuniti, Department of Medical, Surgical and Health Sciences (Neurology) , 447 Strada di Fiume, 34149 Trieste , Italy +39 040 399 4321 ; +39 040 910 861 ; - - 2014
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis is a disabling chronic inflammatory disease of the CNS. New emerging oral treatments can offer efficacy with higher levels of therapeutic adherence. Teriflunomide is one such oral agent that has recently been approved for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis (RMS). Areas covered: The aim of this ...
Roberts Wendy E - - 2014
Periorbital hyperpigmentation (POH) is a common worldwide problem. It is challenging to treat, complex in pathogenesis, and lacking straightforward and repeatable therapeutic options. It may occur in the young and old, however the development of dark circles under the eyes in any age is of great aesthetic concern because it ...
Cyriac Jissa Maria JM Department of Pharmacy Practice, Amrita School of Pharmacy, Amrita Health Science Campus, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham University, Ponekkara, Kochi, Kerala, - - 2014
Majority of the patients admitted to a hospital with severe infections are initially started with intravenous medications. Short intravenous course of therapy for 2-3 days followed by oral medications for the remainder of the course is found to be beneficial to many patients. This switch over from intravenous to oral ...
Schwartz Stephen G SG Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Naples, FL. Electronic address: - - 2014
We compiled uses of the word "macula" in written English by searching multiple databases, including the Early English Books Online Text Creation Partnership, America's Historical Newspapers, the Gale Cengage Collections, and others. "Macula" has been used: as a non-medical "spot" or "stain", literal or figurative, including in astronomy and in ...
Vaughan Em E NHS Grampian, - - 2014
The internet provides the public with unregulated access to a wide range of medications. We present the case of a 43-year-old man who purchased oral tadalafil gel on the internet and injected it into his left radial artery. He presented 48 hours after injection with signs of ischaemia distal to ...
Rubenstein Richard M RM Wellington Regional Medical Center Dermatology Program, Wellington, - - 2014
Malassezia (Pityrosporum) folliculitis is a fungal acneiform condition commonly misdiagnosed as acne vulgaris. Although often associated with common acne, this condition may persist for years without complete resolution with typical acne medications. Malassezia folliculitis results from overgrowth of yeast present in the normal cutaneous flora. Eruptions may be associated with ...
Aggar Christina C Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney, Room A5.04, MO2, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Attainment of oral medication administration skills and competency for student nurses is challenging and medication errors are common. The ability of nurses to master a clinical skill is dependent upon educational instruction and practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate nursing students' perception of preparedness for oral medication ...
Joseph Nitin N Department of Community Medicine, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Mangalore, - - 2014
Skin diseases are a common problem among young adults. There is paucity of data about it among medical students. This study aimed to find out the pattern of skin disorders and to describe their association with various socio-demographic factors among medical students. This cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2011 ...
Guertin Jason - - 2014
BackgroundADHD medications increase clinical encounters for cardiovascular symptoms. Uncertain are the roles of differences in ADHD medications and restrictive practices by drug programs.  MethodsWe conducted two nested case-control studies. The first was nested within a cohort of children de novo users of methylphenidate, amphetamines or atomoxetine and the second case-control study ...
Shulman Matisyahu M Department of Psychiatry, Zucker Hillside Hospital, Glen Oaks, NY, - - 2014
The use of antipsychotic medication in the United States and throughout the world has greatly increased over the last fifteen years. These drugs have significant side effect burdens, many of them relating to cardiovascular health. To review the available evidence on the major cardiovascular issues that arise in patients taking ...
Cermakova Pavla P Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Center for Alzheimer Research, Division of Neurogeriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, 141 57, Sweden ; International Clinical Research Center and St.Anne's University Hospital, Pekařská 53, Brno, 656 91, Czech - - 2014
No abstract.[This corrects the article on p. 34 in vol. 6, PMID: 25024749.].
O'Gorman Susan M SM Department of Dermatology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
Photosensitivity is an exaggerated or abnormal response to ultraviolet (UV) or visible light exposure. Many current medications are known photosensitizers; however, the effects of the sensitization can be subclinical and go unnoticed by the person affected. While some of these drugs are used for short and defined periods, others are ...
Micali Giuseppe - - 2013
Medical therapy represents an alternative treatment approach that can be considered for some forms of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC). In selected cases, topical treatments are preferable to invasive procedures, especially in the case of multifocal lesions, unclear lesion edges, risk of keloids, surgical risk factors and localization in some areas ...
Meyer Jonathan M JM Patton State Hospital, Patton, California, USA; Mental Health Intensive Case Management, VA San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, California, USA; Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, San Diego, California, USA; Department of Psychiatry, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, California, - - 2013
Long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics can have considerable advantages over oral medications for the management of patients with schizophrenia. Despite the high prevalence of treatment nonadherence with oral pharmacotherapy, LAI antipsychotics are significantly underutilized in this patient population. The availability of newer LAI antipsychotic preparations combined with a resurgent interest in ...
Desai Pooja R - - 2013
OBJECTIVE This study compared adherence to oral diabetes medications among users and nonusers of oral antipsychotic medications. Adherence to oral antidiabetics and antipsychotics among antipsychotic users was also compared. METHODS Texas Medicaid prescription claims data from July 1, 2008, to December 31, 2011, were used to examine adherence to oral ...
Bhattacharyya Neil - - 2013
Nasal polyps occur in a significant fraction of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. However, patterns of medical management in nasal polyp cases are unknown. We sought to determine actual national estimates and contemporary prescribing patterns for ambulatory care visits with a diagnosis of nasal polyposis (NP). The National Ambulatory Medical Care ...
Nordstrom Kimberly - - 2013
Psychomotor agitation is often associated with aggression. It is important to identify agitation early and achieve results quickly in order to prevent aggressive behavior. Strategies may include verbal de-escalation techniques, reduced stimulation, medications, or a combination of approaches. Historically, pharmacological treatments for agitation have been delivered using oral and intramuscular ...
Hedna Khedidja - - 2013
To assess refill adherence to dispensed oral long-term medications among the adult population and to investigate whether the percentages of self-reported adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and sub-therapeutic effects (STEs) differed for medications with adequate refill adherence, oversupply, and undersupply. Survey responses on self-reported ADRs and STEs were linked to the ...
Papi L - - 2013
Amniocentesis is one of the most important prenatal diagnostic procedures available to assess congenital abnormalities. It is performed worldwide due to its simplicity of execution and lack of risk. The most frequent known accidents in amniocentesis are abortion, oligohydramnios, amniositis and placental abruption, while direct fetal injuries produced by contact ...
Hadji P - - 2013
Adherence and persistence to oral bisphosphonates in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis is suboptimal. In this study, patients were treated with either oral or intravenous bisphosphonates. The increased adherence and persistence observed in patients receiving intravenous medication compared with those receiving oral medication may improve health outcomes. Poor adherence and persistence ...
Bailey Mark S - - 2013
Skin complaints are common in travellers to foreign countries and are responsible for up to 25% of medical consultations by military personnel during deployments in the tropics. They also have relatively high rates of field hospital admission, medical evacuation and referral to UK Role 4 healthcare facilities. Non-infectious tropical skin ...
Augustin M - - 2013
Background: Although hyperhidrosis is a common and burdensome condition, little is known about the population-based prevalence. Objective: To evaluate the epidemiology, disease burden and medical care of hyperhidrosis in German adults. Methods: Employees of fifty-two companies underwent skin screenings and interviews including hyperhidrosis questions. Results: 14,336 individuals were investigated (36% ...
Kim Ock-Joo - - 2013
The oral history helps researchers to fill the gap in historical documents in research on the contemporary history of medicine in Korea. More and more studies in history of contemporary medicine in Korea have come out using oral history of doctors and patients. Based upon the author's research on development ...
Garus-Pakowska Anna - - 2013
To minimize the risk of cross-infection between the patient and the medical staff, it is necessary to use individual protective measures such as gloves. According to the recommendations of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO), protective gloves should always be used upon ...
Kumar Sonal S Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Padmashree Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital and Research Centre, Sant Tukaram Nagar, Pimpri, Pune, 18 Maharashtra - - 2013
According to the Consortium on National Consensus for Medical Abortion in India, on average about 11 million abortions take place annually, and around 20,000 women die every year due to abortion-related complications. This study was undertaken to determine the efficacy and the side effect profile of a regime of 200 ...
Enei Maria Leonor - - 2013
Argyria is a rare disease caused by prolonged skin contact with silver. Localized cases have been described regarding the use of topical medications, and trauma with objects containing this metal such as acupuncture needles and jewelry. Clinically, a macule or a patch, round or oval, appears in the infected area, ...
Eichenfield Lawrence F - - 2013
Important differences exist in the physiology of the stratum corneum barrier according to demographic, cultural, and medical factors. Understanding these differences is crucial to choosing strategies for optimum clinical management.
Gesek Daniel J DJ - - 2013
Respiratory anesthetic emergencies are the most common complications encountered during the administration of anesthesia in both the adult and pediatric populations. Regardless of the depth of anesthesia, a thorough review of the patients' health history, including the past medical history, medication list, prior anesthesia history, and complex physical examination, is ...
Halpern Rachel - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Lack of adherence to medications for chronic conditions is a pervasive problem. This study examined adherence to baclofen, tizanidine, and dantrolene (FDA-approved oral spasticity medications) and identified determinants of adherence. DESIGN: Retrospective administrative claims data analysis, employing medical and pharmacy claims data and enrollment information from a large, national ...
Gopalakrishna Ganesh - - 2013
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness with a life time prevalence of approximately one percent worldwide. Maintenance antipsychotic treatment has been effective in preventing relapses in long term follow up studies. Logically it can be proposed that long acting injectable antipsychotics (LAI) might reduce both unintentional and intentional non adherence. ...
Rutala William A - - 2013
Semicritical medical devices are defined as items that come into contact with mucous membranes or nonintact skin (eg, gastrointestinal endoscopes). Such medical devices require minimally high-level disinfection. Because many of these items are temperature sensitive, low-temperature chemical methods must be used rather than steam sterilization. Strict adherence to current guidelines ...
Tripathy Anusmita A Priya Nursing Home, - - 2013
A 50 year old male, presented to us with fever and severe skin and mucous membrane lesions, and was diagnosed to be suffering from a deadly medical emergency: Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis: (TEN) which has been discussed in detail.
Zhu L-L - - 2013
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Administering oral medications to patients with nasogastric tube (NGT) is a challenging patient-care issue. Inappropriate prescribing behaviour and incorrect procedure for extemporaneous preparation of oral suspensions given via NGT may result in significant harm to patients. There are many drugs which have not been tested ...
Lin Jay - - 2013
Real-world medication adherence and healthcare costs of patients with schizophrenia initiating long-acting injectable (LAI) vs. oral antipsychotics were compared. Patients with schizophrenia initiating LAI or oral antipsychotics (index event) were identified from MarketScan Commercial and Medicare claims databases and their medication possession ratios (MPR), pre- and post-index costs for inpatient/outpatient ...
Wilson Diane - - 2013
Mass injury events present a unique medical challenge. Effective communications and coordination of resources including trained personnel as well as supplies and equipment are critical in these emergent situations. In the U.S., the availability of allograft skin plays a lifesaving role in treatment of burn injuries. Maintaining an adequate and ...
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