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Walton Surrey M SM University of Illinois Chicago, 833 S. Wood St., (M/C 871) Rm. 287, Chicago IL 60612. - - 2014
Encouraging generic drug use has reduced health care costs for payers and consumers, but the availability of therapeutically interchangeable medications or generic medications of choice is not equal across disease states. The extent to which systems of care are able to substitute with generics is not well understood.  To (a) ...
Grace Anne R AR TCD/HSE Specialist Training in General Practice, Dublin, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Beers (2012) criteria and the screening tool of older persons' potentially inappropriate prescriptions (STOPP) criteria are often used to identify potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in elderly patients. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of PIM use in nursing home residents (NHRs) aged ≥65 years presenting ...
Cristancho Sayra S Western University, London, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
In this article we explore the value of using visual data in a study on medical expert judgment to better understand medical experts' conceptualizations of complex, challenging situations. We use examples from a larger study on medical expertise in which rich pictures and interviews were used. The three stories presented ...
Heslop Ian M IM Pharmacy (Building 47), College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, Australia, - - 2014
Background People are at greater risk of health problems when travelling and a significant number of travel-related health problems are associated with the effects of travel on pre-existing chronic diseases. Medications play a key role in the management of these conditions. However, there is a notable lack of research evaluating ...
Lotvin Alan M AM Alan M. Lotvin is executive vice president for specialty pharmacy at CVS Caremark, in Woonsocket, Rhode - - 2014
Spending on specialty medications, which represented a small proportion of US pharmacy spending at the beginning of this decade, is growing by more than 15 percent annually. It is expected to account for approximately half ($235 billion) of total annual pharmacy spending by 2018. Among the numerous reasons for the high cost ...
Ramana Reddy A M AM Advanced Neurosciences Institute, BGS Global Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
Intracranial hypertension (idiopathic-IIH and secondary) is a potentially treatable condition. Although various factors such as female gender and obesity, certain drugs have been implicated as risk factors for IIH, there remains a lack of clarity in the exact causal-effect relationship. In India, self-medication by obtaining drugs over the counter due ...
Wright Nat M J NM HMP Leeds, Healthcare Department, 2 Gloucester Terrace, Armley, Leeds, LS12 2TJ, United Kingdom; Leeds Community Healthcare NHS Trust, Leeds, LS6 1PF, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is evidence regarding the abuse potential of buprenorphine in prison settings. There is also emerging evidence from community settings that buprenorphine/naloxone is less amenable to abuse than the single preparation buprenorphine hydrochloride as evidenced by cost-differentials of diverted medication. This study sought to explore cost-differentials within a prison setting ...
Daveluy Amélie A CHU de Bordeaux, Département de pharmacologie, Centre régional de pharmacovigilance, Bordeaux, France - INSERM, U657, Bordeaux, - - 2014
We report a probable interaction between a vitamin K antagonist, fluindione, and the herbal medicine turmeric that resulted in the elevation of the international normalized ratio (INR). The case presented here underlines the importance of considering potential exposure to herbal medications when assessing adverse effects.
Rojas-Fernandez Carlos C Schlegel Research Chair in Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, Schlegel-UW Research Institute for Ageing, University of Waterloo, 10 Victoria St S, Room 7004, Kitchener, ON, N2G 1C5, Canada, - - 2014
Domperidone is commonly used to treat nausea and gastrointestinal disorders. Recent data suggests that it may increase the risk of sudden cardiac death, particularly in older people. Little is known about how it is used in contemporary practice. This study sought to characterize the population of older adults newly dispensed ...
Lemmo Walter W LEMMO Integrated Cancer Care Inc., 327 Renfrew Street, Vancouver, B.C., V5K 5G5, - - 2014
Oncology patients undergoing radiation treatment or chemotherapy routinely use prescription and/or over-the counter medications either as part of pre-existing comorbid conditions or in the context of conventional treatment management. A growing amount of data suggests that commonly used pharmaceuticals possess antioxidant properties, which may also partially explain some of their ...
Clemow David B DB Lilly USA, LLC, Indianapolis, IN. - - 2014
This article reviews the literature concerning attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medication misuse, abuse, dependence, diversion, and malingering. The review covers nonmedical use (NMU) of both stimulant (methylphenidate and amphetamine) and nonstimulant (α-adrenergic agonists and atomoxetine) prescription medications, and provides a discussion on the relevance for ADHD treatment today. The neural basis ...
Ninan Ajit A Child and Parent Resource Institute, London, Ontario ; Western University, London, - - 2014
Despite limited information related to efficacy in children, psychotropic medications are commonly prescribed as a first-line treatment for a range of psychiatric diagnoses in children in a variety of clinical settings. Usage has increased over the past three decades. Although psychotropic medications are often effective at treating psychiatric symptoms, the ...
Wen Dennis Y DY Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Missouri, M228 Medical Sciences Building, Columbia, MO, 65212, USA, - - 2014
There are several potential causes for an athlete to collapse without trauma on the playing or practice field. Fortunately, most of the time the etiology is benign and recovery is rapid and uneventful. However, when faced with a collapsed athlete, medical personnel need to be prepared for life-threatening conditions until ...
Shireman Theresa I TI Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, Kans., - - 2014
Background/Aims: Our understanding of the effectiveness of cardioprotective medications in maintenance dialysis patients is based upon drug exposures assessed at a single point in time. We employed a novel, time-dependent approach to modeling medication use over time to examine outcomes in a large national cohort. Methods: We linked Medicaid prescription ...
Seidman Seth J - - 2014
The use of radio frequency identification (RFID) systems in healthcare is increasing, and concerns for electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) pose one of the biggest obstacles for widespread adoption. Numerous studies have demonstrated that RFID systems can interfere with medical devices; however, the majority of past studies relied on time-consuming and burdensome ...
Randell Michael D - - 2014
Complications resulting from the use of compounded medications have become a troubling trend nationwide. There is a significant potential for patients to suffer serious harm from the use of substandard medications prepared by compounding pharmacies, and the reality of this problem has been demonstrated in several well-publicized incidences of serious ...
Bartkowiak Barbara A - - 2014
Identifying educational needs related to professional practice gaps can be a complex process for continuing medical education (CME) committees and for physicians who submit activity applications. Medical librarians possess unique skills that may be useful for identifying practice gaps relevant to CME committees. We assessed this assumption by assessing a ...
Eslinger Paul W PW Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Blvd., Richland, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive-Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty monitors the atmosphere for radioactive xenon leaking from underground nuclear explosions. Emissions from medical isotope production represent a challenging background signal when determining whether measured radioxenon in the atmosphere is associated with a nuclear explosion prohibited by the treaty. The Australian Nuclear ...
Ahmed Fozia Z FZ Manchester Heart Centre, Central Manchester University Hospitals, Manchester, United Kingdom; Cardiovascular Institute, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The patented Optim coating was designed to prevent insulation abrasions on the Durata lead (St Jude Medical, St Paul, Minnesota) and avoid the problems that had afflicted its predecessor, the Riata silicone lead (St Jude Medical). We report a case of external insulation failure 8 months after implantation of a ...
Pinto Benzeeta B Department of Internal Medicine, Nehru Hospital, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, 4th Floor, Block F, Room 16, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Ayurveda, Indian traditional system of medicine, is practiced commonly in South East Asia and in many parts of the world. Many ayurvedic drugs contain heavy metals and may lead to metal toxicity. Of these, chronic lead poisoning is the most common. Chronic arsenic poisoning following the use of ayurvedic medication, ...
Smith Todd I TI Medical Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, - - 2014
The clinical learning model in medical education is driven by knowledge acquisition through direct patient-care experiences. Despite the emphasis on experiential learning, the ability of educators to quantify the clinical exposures of learners is limited. To utilize Veterans Affairs (VA) electronic medical record information through a data warehouse to quantify ...
Paes Ellen Regina da Costa ER Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, AM, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of occupational exposure to waste anesthetic gases on genetic material and antioxidant status in professionals during their medical residency. The study group consisted of 15 medical residents from Anesthesiology and Surgery areas, of both genders, mainly exposed to isoflurane and to a lesser degree to sevoflurane ...
Price Sylvie D SD School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, - - 2014
To examine time trends and factors associated with exposure to Beers' potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). PIM consumption days accumulated from the pharmaceutical claims of 251 305 Western Australians aged ≥65 years (1993-2005) and person follow-up times produced counts/rates. Logistic/Poisson regression generated odds/rate ratios. A total of 187 616 participants (74.7%) took ≥1 ...
Kupryś-Lipińska Izabela I Department of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Norbert Barlicki Memorial University Hospital No. 1, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. Head of Department: Piotr Kuna MD, - - 2014
Omalizumab is a monoclonal antibody against IgE, nowadays approved for the treatment of persistent severe (EU) or moderate-to severe (USA) IgE-mediated asthma but there is also some evidence (case reports and four published clinical trials) on the effectiveness of this medication in urticaria and angioedema. The case of a 42-year-old ...
van Gelder Marleen M H J MM Department for Health EvidenceRadboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Birth defects may originate through multiple mechanisms and may be caused by a variety of possible exposures, including medications in early pregnancy. In this review, we describe six principal teratogenic mechanisms suspected to be associated with medication use: folate antagonism, neural crest cell disruption, endocrine disruption, oxidative stress, vascular disruption, ...
Armstrong Erica L - - 2014
Objectives: Combat exposure is associated with increased mental health symptom severity among military personnel, whereas unit support is associated with decreased severity. However, to date no studies have examined these relationships among U.S. Air Force pararescuemen (PJs), who have a unique and specialized career field that serves in both medical ...
Huang Wenbin W Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, People's Republic of - - 2014
The three-dimensional (3D) printer is a new technology that creates physical objects from digital files. Recent technological advances in 3D printing have resulted in increased use of this technology in the medical field, where it is beginning to revolutionize medical and surgical possibilities. It is already providing medicine with powerful ...
Sorrel Amy Lynn - - 2014
A new Institute of Medicine report that recommends sweeping changes to graduate medical education (GME) has challenged organized medicine's calls for increased Medicare GME funding to address looming physician shortages, setting off a firestorm of debate over the future of the U.S. physician workforce. The Texas Medical Association is evaluating ...
Hsieh Emily M EM Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, - - 2013
Objective The aim of the article is to provide an update on medication use in infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the United States and examine how use has changed over time. Study Design We performed a retrospective review (2005-2010) of a large prospectively collected administrative database. Result Medications ...
Sumukadas Deepa D Ageing and Health, Division of Cardiovascular and Diabetes Medicine, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, - - 2013
Background: in older people, medications with anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) effects are associated with adverse clinical outcomes, the risk increasing with increasing anticholinergic exposure. Many anticholinergics are recognised as potentially inappropriate and efforts to reduce prescription have been ongoing. We examined temporal trends of anticholinergic prescription and exposure in older people.Methods: anonymised ...
Buhrow Suzanne Morse - - 2013
It is estimated that, in the United States, more than 40,000 patients are injured each day because of preventable medical errors. Although numerous studies examine the causes of medical trainee errors and efforts to mitigate patient injuries in this population, little research exists on adverse events experienced by oral and ...
Bodian Malick M Service de cardiologie, CHU Aristide Le Dantec Dakar, - - 2013
Right atrial thrombus is a rare medical emergency that should be suspected in all cases of pulmonary embolism, and rapid action should be taken to ensure a timely, proper management.
Blue Rebecca S - - 2013
To reduce excessive iodine consumption by astronauts, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has developed various methods of removing residual iodine after iodine-based water purification aboard spacecraft. The Low Iodine Residual System (LIRS) was developed as an iodine removal system for use aboard the space shuttle. This is a ...
Martin C J - - 2013
There has been an expansion in the use of x-ray imaging during the last 20 years. Effective arrangements for justification of exposures as well as for optimisation of protection are crucial. The amount of effort put into the latter, the way in which it is organised and the groups carrying ...
Pattarini James M - - 2013
Red Bull Stratos was a commercial program that brought a test parachutist protected by a full pressure suit to 127,852 ft (38,964 m), via a stratospheric balloon with a pressurized capsule, from which he free fell and subsequently parachuted to the ground. In light of the uniqueness of the operation ...
Farooq Kitty - - 2013
Abstract Potential psychiatrists decide on their careers before, during or after medical school. This article summarises the literature focusing on the first two groups. Pre-medical school factors associated with choosing psychiatry include gender, academic aptitude, ethnicity and migration, exposure to mental illness, economic considerations and medical school route and selection. ...
Amin Alpesh - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial demonstrated that apixaban was effective in reducing the risk of stroke and major bleeding in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients. Medical cost avoidance studies for oral anticoagulants have used warfarin event rates from ...
Stearns Gillian - - 2013
Global rates of infertility are significant, especially in many developing countries. In developed countries, infertility affects up to 15% of the reproductive-age population, with male factors involved in 50% of cases. During medical evaluation, a review of current and past medications and social habits is essential, as they may adversely ...
Bernard Johnathan A - - 2013
To compare the incidence of sharps injuries among medical students, orthopedic residents/fellows, and orthopedic faculty at one institution and to determine the rate of reporting exposures. Cross-sectional survey. Surveys were completed by 44% (53/120) of medical students, 76% (23/30) of residents/fellows, and 56% (17/30) of full-time faculty. Academic medical center. ...
Burghardt Lindsey C LC Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Nontherapeutic medication ingestions continue to be a major pediatric health problem, with recent increases in ingestions despite a number of public health interventions. It is unknown how changes in adult prescription drug use relate to pediatric medication poisonings. The objective of the study was to measure the association between changing ...
Economides Sotirios - - 2013
Embryo/fetus (E/F) irradiation as a result of medical exposure of the mother should be avoided, unless there are strong clinical indications. Medical practitioners are assigned the primary task and obligation of ensuring overall patient protection and safety in the prescription of and during the delivery of medical exposure. In cases ...
Hilliard James G - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the sterility of medication vial tops after removal of the dust cover, and to survey anesthesia providers for their perceptions surrounding medication vials and sterility. DESIGN: Experimental design and survey instrument. SETTING: Ambulatory and hospital care setting. PARTICIPANTS: Anesthesia providers in the United States. MEASUREMENTS: A ...
Hills Danny J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent to which a range of personal, professional, and work factors are associated with workplace aggression experienced by medical practitioners in Australian clinical practice settings. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive study of cross-sectional, self-report survey design was undertaken in the third wave of the Medicine in ...
Warrick Brandon J - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A new generation of designer stimulants marketed as "bath salts" emerged in late 2010. The goal is to describe the epidemiologic emergence of designer stimulants in 9 states in the Midwest. METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Poison Data System was performed between November 1, 2010, and ...
Donaldson Ken K Centre for Inflammation Research, Queens Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Nanoparticles (NPs) are tiny particles with a diameter of less than 100 nm. Traffic exhaust is a major source of combustion-derived NPs (CDNPs), which represent a significant component in urban air pollution. Epidemiological, panel and controlled human chamber studies clearly demonstrate that exposure to CDNPs is associated with multiple adverse ...
Hansen-Cain Kristine M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To describe the development of an easily accessible online biologic exposure algorithm to guide postexposure medical evaluation and treatment of medical research personnel and health care workers in a Midwest medical center campus. METHODS:: We describe the steps involved in the creation of a biologic exposure algorithm from design ...
Jans Jop - - 2013
Invasive Candida infections associated with medical devices are very difficult to cure without device removal. We present a case of neonatal cerebrospinal fluid shunt-associated Candida meningitis, in which removal of the device was precluded, that was successfully treated with caspofungin. Pharmacokinetic assessment of caspofungin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid showed that ...
Avalos Lyndsay A - - 2013
To evaluate the prevalence, trends, timing and duration of exposure to antiviral medications during pregnancy within a US cohort of pregnant women and to evaluate the proportion of deliveries with a viral infection diagnosis among women given antiviral medication during pregnancy. Live-born deliveries between 2001 and 2007, to women aged ...
Chalupka Stephanie - - 2013
NIOSH recommends that employers establish a medical surveillance program as part of a comprehensive program to minimize worker exposure to hazardous drugs.
Hernández-Díaz Sonia S Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2013
To evaluate the association between the use of medications potentially containing phthalates and urinary concentrations of specific phthalate metabolites around conception. Women enrolled in the Environment and Reproductive Health project from 2006 to 2009 completed questionnaires about the use of medications and provided multiple urine samples before and after conception. ...
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