Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 393
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Eslinger Paul W PW Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Blvd., Richland, WA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive-Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty monitors the atmosphere for radioactive xenon leaking from underground nuclear explosions. Emissions from medical isotope production represent a challenging background signal when determining whether measured radioxenon in the atmosphere is associated with a nuclear explosion prohibited by the treaty. The Australian Nuclear ...
Pinto Benzeeta B Department of Internal Medicine, Nehru Hospital, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, 4th Floor, Block F, Room 16, Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Ayurveda, Indian traditional system of medicine, is practiced commonly in South East Asia and in many parts of the world. Many ayurvedic drugs contain heavy metals and may lead to metal toxicity. Of these, chronic lead poisoning is the most common. Chronic arsenic poisoning following the use of ayurvedic medication, ...
Smith Todd I TI Medical Service, Louis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, and Department of Medicine, Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Cleveland, - - 2014
The clinical learning model in medical education is driven by knowledge acquisition through direct patient-care experiences. Despite the emphasis on experiential learning, the ability of educators to quantify the clinical exposures of learners is limited. To utilize Veterans Affairs (VA) electronic medical record information through a data warehouse to quantify ...
Paes Ellen Regina da Costa ER Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Federal University of Amazonas, Manaus, AM, - - 2014
To investigate the effects of occupational exposure to waste anesthetic gases on genetic material and antioxidant status in professionals during their medical residency. The study group consisted of 15 medical residents from Anesthesiology and Surgery areas, of both genders, mainly exposed to isoflurane and to a lesser degree to sevoflurane ...
Price Sylvie D SD School of Population Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, - - 2014
To examine time trends and factors associated with exposure to Beers' potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs). PIM consumption days accumulated from the pharmaceutical claims of 251 305 Western Australians aged ≥65 years (1993-2005) and person follow-up times produced counts/rates. Logistic/Poisson regression generated odds/rate ratios. A total of 187 616 participants (74.7%) took ≥1 ...
Kupryś-Lipińska Izabela I Department of Internal Medicine, Asthma and Allergy, Norbert Barlicki Memorial University Hospital No. 1, Medical University of Lodz, Poland. Head of Department: Piotr Kuna MD, - - 2014
Omalizumab is a monoclonal antibody against IgE, nowadays approved for the treatment of persistent severe (EU) or moderate-to severe (USA) IgE-mediated asthma but there is also some evidence (case reports and four published clinical trials) on the effectiveness of this medication in urticaria and angioedema. The case of a 42-year-old ...
van Gelder Marleen M H J MM Department for Health EvidenceRadboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Birth defects may originate through multiple mechanisms and may be caused by a variety of possible exposures, including medications in early pregnancy. In this review, we describe six principal teratogenic mechanisms suspected to be associated with medication use: folate antagonism, neural crest cell disruption, endocrine disruption, oxidative stress, vascular disruption, ...
Armstrong Erica L - - 2014
Objectives: Combat exposure is associated with increased mental health symptom severity among military personnel, whereas unit support is associated with decreased severity. However, to date no studies have examined these relationships among U.S. Air Force pararescuemen (PJs), who have a unique and specialized career field that serves in both medical ...
Hsieh Emily M EM Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, - - 2013
Objective The aim of the article is to provide an update on medication use in infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in the United States and examine how use has changed over time. Study Design We performed a retrospective review (2005-2010) of a large prospectively collected administrative database. Result Medications ...
Sumukadas Deepa D Ageing and Health, Division of Cardiovascular and Diabetes Medicine, University of Dundee, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee DD1 9SY, - - 2013
Background: in older people, medications with anticholinergic (antimuscarinic) effects are associated with adverse clinical outcomes, the risk increasing with increasing anticholinergic exposure. Many anticholinergics are recognised as potentially inappropriate and efforts to reduce prescription have been ongoing. We examined temporal trends of anticholinergic prescription and exposure in older people.Methods: anonymised ...
Buhrow Suzanne Morse - - 2013
It is estimated that, in the United States, more than 40,000 patients are injured each day because of preventable medical errors. Although numerous studies examine the causes of medical trainee errors and efforts to mitigate patient injuries in this population, little research exists on adverse events experienced by oral and ...
Blue Rebecca S - - 2013
To reduce excessive iodine consumption by astronauts, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has developed various methods of removing residual iodine after iodine-based water purification aboard spacecraft. The Low Iodine Residual System (LIRS) was developed as an iodine removal system for use aboard the space shuttle. This is a ...
Martin C J - - 2013
There has been an expansion in the use of x-ray imaging during the last 20 years. Effective arrangements for justification of exposures as well as for optimisation of protection are crucial. The amount of effort put into the latter, the way in which it is organised and the groups carrying ...
Pattarini James M - - 2013
Red Bull Stratos was a commercial program that brought a test parachutist protected by a full pressure suit to 127,852 ft (38,964 m), via a stratospheric balloon with a pressurized capsule, from which he free fell and subsequently parachuted to the ground. In light of the uniqueness of the operation ...
Farooq Kitty - - 2013
Abstract Potential psychiatrists decide on their careers before, during or after medical school. This article summarises the literature focusing on the first two groups. Pre-medical school factors associated with choosing psychiatry include gender, academic aptitude, ethnicity and migration, exposure to mental illness, economic considerations and medical school route and selection. ...
Amin Alpesh - - 2013
Abstract Objective: The Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial demonstrated that apixaban was effective in reducing the risk of stroke and major bleeding in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients. Medical cost avoidance studies for oral anticoagulants have used warfarin event rates from ...
Stearns Gillian - - 2013
Global rates of infertility are significant, especially in many developing countries. In developed countries, infertility affects up to 15% of the reproductive-age population, with male factors involved in 50% of cases. During medical evaluation, a review of current and past medications and social habits is essential, as they may adversely ...
Bernard Johnathan A - - 2013
To compare the incidence of sharps injuries among medical students, orthopedic residents/fellows, and orthopedic faculty at one institution and to determine the rate of reporting exposures. Cross-sectional survey. Surveys were completed by 44% (53/120) of medical students, 76% (23/30) of residents/fellows, and 56% (17/30) of full-time faculty. Academic medical center. ...
Burghardt Lindsey C LC Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115, USA. - - 2013
Nontherapeutic medication ingestions continue to be a major pediatric health problem, with recent increases in ingestions despite a number of public health interventions. It is unknown how changes in adult prescription drug use relate to pediatric medication poisonings. The objective of the study was to measure the association between changing ...
Economides Sotirios - - 2013
Embryo/fetus (E/F) irradiation as a result of medical exposure of the mother should be avoided, unless there are strong clinical indications. Medical practitioners are assigned the primary task and obligation of ensuring overall patient protection and safety in the prescription of and during the delivery of medical exposure. In cases ...
Hilliard James G - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To test the sterility of medication vial tops after removal of the dust cover, and to survey anesthesia providers for their perceptions surrounding medication vials and sterility. DESIGN: Experimental design and survey instrument. SETTING: Ambulatory and hospital care setting. PARTICIPANTS: Anesthesia providers in the United States. MEASUREMENTS: A ...
Hills Danny J - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the extent to which a range of personal, professional, and work factors are associated with workplace aggression experienced by medical practitioners in Australian clinical practice settings. METHODS: An exploratory, descriptive study of cross-sectional, self-report survey design was undertaken in the third wave of the Medicine in ...
Warrick Brandon J - - 2013
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A new generation of designer stimulants marketed as "bath salts" emerged in late 2010. The goal is to describe the epidemiologic emergence of designer stimulants in 9 states in the Midwest. METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Poison Data System was performed between November 1, 2010, and ...
Donaldson Ken K Centre for Inflammation Research, Queens Medical Research Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. - - 2013
Nanoparticles (NPs) are tiny particles with a diameter of less than 100 nm. Traffic exhaust is a major source of combustion-derived NPs (CDNPs), which represent a significant component in urban air pollution. Epidemiological, panel and controlled human chamber studies clearly demonstrate that exposure to CDNPs is associated with multiple adverse ...
Hansen-Cain Kristine M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To describe the development of an easily accessible online biologic exposure algorithm to guide postexposure medical evaluation and treatment of medical research personnel and health care workers in a Midwest medical center campus. METHODS:: We describe the steps involved in the creation of a biologic exposure algorithm from design ...
Jans Jop - - 2013
Invasive Candida infections associated with medical devices are very difficult to cure without device removal. We present a case of neonatal cerebrospinal fluid shunt-associated Candida meningitis, in which removal of the device was precluded, that was successfully treated with caspofungin. Pharmacokinetic assessment of caspofungin concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid showed that ...
Avalos Lyndsay A - - 2013
To evaluate the prevalence, trends, timing and duration of exposure to antiviral medications during pregnancy within a US cohort of pregnant women and to evaluate the proportion of deliveries with a viral infection diagnosis among women given antiviral medication during pregnancy. Live-born deliveries between 2001 and 2007, to women aged ...
Chalupka Stephanie - - 2013
NIOSH recommends that employers establish a medical surveillance program as part of a comprehensive program to minimize worker exposure to hazardous drugs.
Hernández-Díaz Sonia S Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA, - - 2013
To evaluate the association between the use of medications potentially containing phthalates and urinary concentrations of specific phthalate metabolites around conception. Women enrolled in the Environment and Reproductive Health project from 2006 to 2009 completed questionnaires about the use of medications and provided multiple urine samples before and after conception. ...
Wangia Victoria - - 2013
BACKGROUND: While understanding geography's role in healthcare has been an area of research for over 40 years, the application of geography-based analyses to prescription medication use is limited. The body of literature was reviewed to assess the current state of such studies to demonstrate the scale and scope of projects ...
Saberi Pouné - - 2013
The introduction of natural gas drilling with high-volume hydraulic fracturing to Pennsylvania and neighboring states since 2004 has been accompanied by numerous reports of varied symptoms and illnesses by those living near these operations. Pollutants with established toxic effects in humans may be introduced into the environment at various points ...
Handford Cameron - - 2013
Evidence based largely on self-report data suggests that factors associated with medical education erode the critical human quality of empathy. These reports have caused serious concern among medical educators and clinicians and have led to changes in medical curricula around the world. This study aims to provide a more objective ...
Wetmore James B JB Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City, KS, - - 2013
Racial minorities typically have less exposure than non-minorities to antihypertensive medications across an array of cardiovascular conditions in the general population. However, cumulative exposure has not been investigated in dialysis patients. In a longitudinal analysis of 38,381 hypertensive dialysis patients, prescription drug data from Medicaid was linked to Medicare data ...
Hodges Laura E - - 2012
PURPOSE: Physicians' exposure to pharmaceutical industry marketing raises concerns about their ability to make unbiased, evidence-based prescription decisions. This exposure begins early in medical education. The authors examined the frequency and context of such exposures for students before matriculation to medical school. METHOD: The authors distributed two separate but related ...
- - 2012
Buprenorphine is an effective medication for the treatment of opioid dependence. Its use has increased in the United States as a result of the Drug Addiction Treatment Act of 2000, which allowed physicians to prescribe certain medications as part of office-based treatment for opioid addiction. In France, widespread use of ...
Wolff Jason J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fear of medical procedures in general and needles in particular can be a difficult clinical challenge to providing effective health care for individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. METHODS: A changing criterion design was used to examine graduated exposure treatment for blood-injury-injection phobia in an adult male with autism ...
Ciaccio Christina E CE Center for Environmental Health, Section of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, Children's Mercy Hospitals & Clinics, Kansas City, MO 64108, USA. - - 2012
Environmental assessment and exposure reduction are a set of diagnostic and treatment techniques that work in tandem with the traditional medical approach by reducing a patient's exposure to adverse environmental conditions as part of medical care. Assessment involves identifying the specific exposures to which a patient is sensitive and locating ...
Jackson Benjamin F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The study purpose was to compare medical appropriateness and costs of regional poison control center (RPCC) versus non-RPCC referrals to children's hospital emergency department (ED) for acute poison exposure. METHODS: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of children (<6 years) during an 8-month period, who presented for poison exposure. ...
Simeonov Georgi - - 2012
The treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community ('Euratom Treaty') is binding primary law for 27 member states of the European Union (EU) with about 500 million inhabitants. Council Directive 96/29/Euratom is a secondary EU law establishing the Basic Safety Standards (BSS) for protection of the health of workers and ...
Goodson Alexander M C - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Although traditionally a "dentistry first, medicine second" training route, UK Oral and Maxillofacial surgery is increasingly populated with medicine-first trainees at ST3 level. Despite this, there is little evidence suggesting any increase in exposure at medical undergraduate level. We sought to evaluate the current ...
Karimi Sahar - - 2012
To review the current literature assessing the risks associated with the use of anticholinergic (AC) medications in older adults and to provide recommendations for pharmacists to incorporate the evaluation of AC burden as a component of a medication therapy management program for older adults. A MEDLINE/PubMed search was conducted from ...
Kant Shruti - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors in treating depression, mood disorders, and behavioral disorders has escalated dramatically in the last 20 years, resulting in increased risk and clinical presentation of serotonin toxicity. Health care providers must also be aware of other medications and substances ...
The National Association Of Ems Physicians And American College Of Surgeons Committee On - - 2012
Abstract The National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP) and the American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma (ACS-COT) believe that emergency medical services (EMS) systems should have protocols that allow EMS providers to terminate resuscitative efforts for certain adult patients in traumatic cardiopulmonary arrest. This document is the official position ...
Heimann M - - 2012
The Accelerators and Class II Facilities Division (ACFD) of the Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC), is responsible for the oversight of radiotherapy facilities containing Class II prescribed equipment in Canada. This poster will highlight a number of new initiatives that the CNSC has implemented recently that have an impact on ...
Cohen Mindy - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will discuss the most recent developments in pharmacogenetics of commonly used perioperative medications, new collaboration networks in the field of personalized medicine, and future clinical implications of pharmacogenetics. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence now suggests that pharmacogenetics has a role in the effects of analgesic, sedative, beta-blocker, ...
Supanich Mp - - 2012
Preparing for Part II of the Diagnostic Medical Physics American Board of Radiology exam requires a different approach than studying for Part I of the exam. As Part II is the first exam that splits apart the different medical physics disciplines, it is unsurprising that the best preparation for the ...
Bundy David G - - 2012
Timely laboratory monitoring may reduce the potential harm associated with chronic medication use. A study was conducted to determine the proportion of patients receiving National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA)-recommended laboratory medication monitoring in a primary care setting and to assess the effect of electronic health record (EHR)-derived, paper-based, provider-specific ...
Harris Alon - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To investigate the association of antihypertensive medications with optic disc structure by blood pressure (BP) level, in nonglaucoma subjects. DESIGN:: Cross-sectional, population-based study. METHODS:: A subset of Thessaloniki Eye Study participants was included in this study. Subjects were interviewed for medical history and underwent extensive ophthalmic examination, BP measurement, ...
Shaikh Amir Y - - 2012
Anthracycline-based chemotherapeutics have long been recognized as effective agents for treating a wide range of malignancies. However, their use is not without significant adverse cardiotoxic side effects. Strategies for prevention involve limiting free-radical production and subsequent cardiac myocyte damage. Dexrazoxane remains the most widely studied cardioprotective medication. Alternative agents may ...
Chang Tara I - - 2012
Persons with kidney disease often have cardiovascular disease, but they are less likely to use recommended medications for secondary prevention. The hypothesis was that participants with reduced estimated GFR have lower use of medications recommended for secondary prevention of cardiovascular events (antiplatelet agents, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >