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Kertesz Stefan G SG Birmingham VA Medical Center, 700 19th Street S. (REAP Mailstop 151), Birmingham, AL, 35233, USA, - - 2014
While most organizational literature has focused on initiatives that transpire inside the hospital walls, the redesign of American health care increasingly asks that health care institutions address matters outside their walls, targeting the health of populations. The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)'s national effort to end Veteran homelessness represents ...
Catts Oron O SymbioticA, School of Anatomy, Physiology and Human Biology, The University of Western - - 2014
Tissue engineering and regenerative biology are usually discussed in relation to biomedical research and applications. However, hand in hand with developments of this field in the biomedical context, other approaches and uses for non-medical ends have been explored. There is a growing interest in exploring spin off tissue engineering and ...
Payne Sheila S International Observatory on End of Life Care, Division of Health Research, Lancaster University, Lancaster, - - 2014
To explore how bereaved family members recall managing end of life medications when delivering care to a patient dying at home in England. Qualitative study. Domestic homes in two contrasting areas in England. 59 bereaved family carers who have delivered care to a patient who spent a minimum of 2 weeks ...
Weinberger Linda E LE Dr. Weinberger is Professor of Clinical Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, and Chief Psychologist, USC Institute of Psychiatry, Law, and Behavioral Science, Los Angeles, CA. Dr. Sreenivasan is Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, and Director, Forensic Outreach Services, Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. Dr. Garrick is Professor of Psychiatry, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles and Chief of General Hospital Psychiatry, Greater Los Angeles VA Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. - - 2014
In recent years, assisted suicide has been legalized in four states for those who are terminally ill and wish to end their lives with the assistance of lethal doses of medications prescribed by a physician. The ethics-related and legal questions raised by end-of-life suicide and decisional capacity to refuse treatment ...
Jawaid Masood M Dr. Masood Jawaid, MCPS, MRCS, FCPS, Assistant Professor Surgery and Incharge e-Learning, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi - - - 2014
There are a number of e-Learning modalities, some or all of which may be used throughout a medical, dental, nursing or any other health related undergraduate curriculum. The purpose of this paper is to briefly describe what e-learning is along with some of the modalities, their common advantages and limitations. ...
Seo Seung Hee SH Department of Dietetics and Nutrition Services Team, Asan Medical Center, Seoul 138-736, - - 2014
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of disability, and according to statistics from the World Health Organization, COPD is the fourth leading cause of death overall in the face of decades, and expected to be increased. In 2005, the reported prevalence of COPD in Korea was 17.2% ...
Yogaratnam Dinesh D Department of Pharmacy Practice, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences University, 19 Foster Street, Worcester, MA 01608, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Recent data support the use of nutritional agents for use as targeted medical therapy. This article reviews some of the pharmacologic roles that parenteral nutritional ingredients (selenium, lipid emulsion, insulin, and levocarnitine) can play in the setting of critical illness.
Coffey Debra D - - 2014
The use of over-the-counter medications and nutritional supplements is prohibited while flying without approval from an aeromedical professional. Despite prohibition, the use of nutritional supplements is common in aircrew due to the perception that these supplements are harmless; in reality, the use of nutritional supplements may be more dangerous than ...
Mitchell Michael A MA a Department of Medicine, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A 3K7, - - 2014
Clinical nutrition and nutritional assessment are often a neglected component of medical school curriculums despite the high prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients. This study found that medical housestaff performed nutritional assessments in only 4% of admitted patients despite a high rate of malnutrition (57%). Survey results show housestaff lack ...
Reyes-Muñoz Enrique E National Institute of Perinatology, Mexico City, México, Distrito - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of medical nutrition therapy plus metformin compared with medical nutrition therapy without metformin for preventing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) among Mexican women at high risk of developing GDM. In an open randomized clinical trial, we included single pregnant women with a high risk of developing GDM ...
McNulty John P - - 2014
A compounded preparation is needed when no commercially manufactured medication is available to adequately address a patient's medical needs. Among the greatest therapeutic challenges faced by both patients and caregivers is the treatment required by individuals who have a terminal condition. It is difficult to find evidence-based studies on the ...
Chung M M Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, School of Nutrition Toxicology and Metabolism (NUTRIM), Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
Consumers and patients are unsure of whom to trust for nutritional advice. Although medical doctors are seen as experts in nutrition and their advice is regularly followed, data are lacking on the amount of nutrition education in European medical school curricula. In line with US research, we distributed a survey ...
Johnson Thomas W TW Anthropology Department, California State University, Chico, P. O. Box 50, Fulton, CA 95439, - - 2014
Eunuchs are biological males who have undergone voluntary castration for reasons other than male-to-female transsexualism. The term 'eunuch wannabe' refers to individuals who desire, or are planning, voluntary castration. Out of fear of embarrassment or rejection, many eunuch wannabes do not consult medical professionals regarding their desire for voluntary castration. ...
Weiler Richard R West Ham United Football Club Training Ground, Chadwell Heath, Essex, - - 2014
It is thankfully rare for extenuating circumstances to fully test the processes and procedures enshrined in national and world antidoping authorities' rules and laws. It is also thankfully very rare that a failed drugs test can have some positive implications. Antidoping laws are undoubtedly focused on ensuring fair competition, however, ...
Lenders Carine M CM Division of Pediatric Nutrition, Boston Medical Center, and Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA (CML); the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, City College of New York, New York, NY (DDD); Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA (BB); University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX (MSE); the Vanderbilt Center for Human Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN (DLS); the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (MMM); University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC (MK); and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO - - 2014
Despite evidence that nutrition interventions reduce morbidity and mortality, malnutrition, including obesity, remains highly prevalent in hospitals and plays a major role in nearly every major chronic disease that afflicts patients. Physicians recognize that they lack the education and training in medical nutrition needed to counsel their patients and to ...
Allegretti Elisabetta - - 2014
To restore testicular functional competence after traumatic avulsion of the scrotum, accompanied by penile decortication, by means of ad hoc surgery and post-surgical medical treatment. A 26 years old patient underwent a on the job perineal trauma that resulted in loss of one testis while the other one was rescued ...
Crowley Jennifer J Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, The University of Auckland, PB 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand. - - 2014
Doctors are increasingly involved in the management of chronic disease and counsel patients about their lifestyle behaviours, including nutrition, to improve their health outcomes. This study aimed to assess the impact of a medical undergraduate course containing nutrition content on medical students' self-perceived nutrition intake and self-efficacy to improve their ...
Ball Lauren L Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Allied Health Sciences, Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Griffith University, Queensland, Brisbane, - - 2014
Landmark reports have confirmed that it is within the core responsibilities of doctors to address nutrition in patient care. There are ongoing concerns that doctors receive insufficient nutrition education during medical training. This paper provides an overview of a medical nutrition education initiative at the University of Cambridge, School of ...
Jarvis Daphne D Partner with Health Law Group, Borden Ladner Gervais, LLP, in Toronto, - - 2014
Canadians have craved certainty as to the process to be followed when intervention is demanded that physicians are not prepared to offer or to continue to offer, even if it prolongs life, because it is considered to be otherwise non-beneficial. The Supreme Court of Canada (SCC), in its October 2013 ...
Piechowski-Jozwiak Bartlomiej B Department of Neurology, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2014
The theme of hysteria and hypnotism has been attracting the attention of medics, psychologists, writers, and the broad lay public. The role of hypnotism in the context of societal functioning, especially in crime, was a subject of research and significant debates between different neurology and psychology schools. One of these ...
Fattah Sabina - - 2014
After the publication of our article "A consensus based template for reporting of pre-hospital major incident medical management" Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med 2013, 22:5, we noticed that The Major Incident Reporting Collaborators were not included as authors. They have now been added at the end of the author ...
Zhang Zhongwei Z School of Agricultural, Computational and Engineering Sciences, University of Southern Queensland, Email: - - 2014
With recent developments in wireless networks field and in sensing technology, new and innovative medical applications based on the wireless sensor networks (WSN) technology are being developed in the research lab or commercial sectors. The key problem of WSN based application in the medical and health care domain is to ...
Klang Mark - - 2013
When selecting medication for feeding tube administration, the liquid formulation is selected, so as to avoid obstructions that may occur from incompletely crushing a solid dosage form. Liquid medications can present issues of intolerance and compatibility when administered via a feeding tube. A predictor of intolerance is the liquid's osmolarity, ...
Orimo Hideo - - 2013
A questionnaire survey was used to determine the status of nutrition education in Japanese medical schools in 2009. A similar survey was conducted in 2004, at which time nutritional education was determined to be inadequate in Japanese medical schools. The current questionnaire was sent to the directors of Centers for ...
Kumar Rajeev - - 2013
Non-obstructive azoospermia is diagnosed in approximately 10% of infertile men. It represents a failure of spermatogenesis within the testis and, from a management standpoint, is due to either a lack of appropriate stimulation by gonadotropins or an intrinsic testicular impairment. The former category of patients has hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and benefits ...
Hanson Corrine K - - 2013
To collect information regarding demographics, nutrition-related patient care encounters, and comfort levels in addressing nutrition-related problems in a population of physician assistants (PA) currently practicing in Nebraska. A survey was developed by faculty members in the Medical Nutrition Education and Physician Assistant Education programs, School of Allied Health Professions, College ...
Weenen Tamar C TC Erasmus University Rotterdam, Faculty of Economics, Rotterdam, The Netherlands ; Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
At present, industries within the health and life science sector are moving towards one another resulting in new industries such as the medical nutrition industry. Medical nutrition products are specific nutritional compositions for intervention in disease progression and symptom alleviation. Industry convergence, described as the blurring of boundaries between industries, ...
Catafesta J - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Enteral Nutrition Therapy (ENT) is considered an important tool for the appropriate maintenance of nutritional conditions. ENT tolerance may be limited due to gastrointestinal (GI) events resulting from formula composition and/or simultaneously administered drug therapies. AIMS: To verify the possible association between GI events and drug therapies being administered ...
Bouchoud Lucie - - 2012
Background and Aim: Hospitalized patients requiring parenteral nutrition (PN) often need to receive intravenous (IV) medications as well. Y-site administration is occasionally necessary, but physicochemical incompatibilities can occur between the medications and PN. The aim of the present study was to assess the physical compatibility between 25 frequently coadministered IV ...
Sawka Anna M - - 2012
PURPOSEDecision-making on adjuvant radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment for early-stage papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is complex because of uncertainties in medical evidence. Using a parallel, two-arm, randomized, controlled trial design, we examined the impact of a patient-directed computerized decision aid (DA) on the medical knowledge and decisional conflict in patients with ...
Smith Laura-Jane - - 2012
By the end of core medical training you will have gained the confidence and skills required to function as a highly valued member of the medical team-managing complex cases, communicating sensitively and effectively with patients and colleagues, taking personal responsibility for your decisions in a supported environment and working within ...
Lubow R E - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effects of stimulant medication on performance of ADHD adults on a selective attention task that assesses the processing of irrelevant stimuli. Method: ADHD patients and matched controls were given two sessions of a two-stage visual search-latent inhibition (LI) task. In stage-1, they detected the location of ...
Baszanger Isabelle - - 2012
During the past few years, debates have frequently erupted in oncology journals regarding the question of whether to prolong or end treatment. These debates have been informed by developments from both within and outside the field. Within Bioethics, some writers have put forward a number of principles for judging the ...
Lundgren Jennifer D - - 2012
The medical and psychosocial comorbidity of two core features of night eating syndrome (NES), evening hyperphagia (EH) and nocturnal awakening and ingestion of food (NI), was evaluated in adults enrolled in the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environment (STAGE) study. As part of the STAGE study, more than ...
Volpe Rebecca L - - 2012
Mr. Galanas, an eighty-six-year-old man, intentionally shot himself in the chest and abdomen. Surprisingly, the bullet damaged only his distal pancreas and part of his colon, requiring a diverting colostomy to prevent leakage of bowel fluids into his abdomen. After being admitted, he lies intubated in the intensive care unit ...
Roff S - - 2012
The General Medical Council emphasizes the cultivation of professional behaviours among medical students from early undergraduate years. Learning professional behaviours, however, is a progression and is constituted of several developmental stages. Behaving with academic integrity may be the first stage. In an educational setting, academic integrity is represented by a ...
Nair Balakrishnan R - - 2012
To test whether a summative workplace-based assessment (WBA) is feasible and acceptable for international medical graduates (IMGs). A 6-month trial with 27 IMGs from teaching hospitals in Newcastle, Australia. IMGs were assessed by 65 trained assessors from different disciplines, using blueprinted, preset criteria. Mini-clinical evaluation exercises, case-based discussions, in-training assessments and multisource ...
Drey Nick - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adherence to prescribed medication is low. It is a major problem as following practitioners' recommendations is strongly associated with good patient outcomes. Little research has been undertaken with people in the early stages of Parkinson's disease although achieving symptom control depends on regularly timing doses. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: How do ...
Holbrook Jaimee - - 2012
Body and earlobe piercing are common practices in the USA today. Minor complications including infection and bleeding occur frequently and, although rare, major complications have been reported. Healthcare professionals should be cognizant of the medical consequences of body piercing. Complications vary depending on the body-piercing site, materials used, experience of ...
Mazur Dennis J - - 2012
Bayesian inference in medical decision making is a concept that has a long history with 3 essential developments: 1) the recognition of the need for data (demonstrable scientific evidence), 2) the development of probability, and 3) the development of inverse probability. Beginning with the demonstrative evidence of the physician's sign, ...
Baweja Raman - - 2012
Antipsychotic medicines are the cornerstone pharmacotherapy for patients with psychotic disorders. Early and continuous management of psychoses improves the quality of life, decreases hospitalization and reduces medical costs. However, many psychotic patients are not fully compliant with treatment, and thus they more often experience a relapsing course with a suboptimal ...
Choi Kyong Eun - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of proton pump inhibitors on symptomatic inflammatory esophagogastric polyps (IEPs) in a pediatric cohort and to determine the optimal duration of treatment. Methods: The 11 patients with IEPs were managed with lansoprazole. Follow-up endoscopies were performed at 2 and ...
Fromson John A - - 2012
Aim: We sought to determine whether weight and body mass index measurement were taken into consideration when prescribing second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) medication to a child. Methods: Two hundred clinicians were surveyed using a hypothetical clinical case vignette at a child psychopharmacology, postgraduate medical education course. The vignette described an overweight ...
Buus Amanda - - 2012
Medication errors during admission to hospitals pose a significant problem. Most of the severe medication errors may be related to dispensation and administration. The medication errors may be induced by cost savings and staff reduction characterizing the current health care system. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether ...
Erueti Chrissy - - 2012
The management of medical conditions is influenced by whether clinicians regard them as "disease" or "not a disease". The aim of the survey was to determine how medical students classify a range of conditions they might encounter in their professional lives and whether a different name for a condition would ...
Walcott Brian P - - 2012
Generalized dystonic syndromes may escalate into persistent episodes of generalized dystonia known as status dystonicus that can be life-threatening due to dystonia-induced rhabdomyolysis and/or respiratory compromise. Treatment of these conditions usually entails parenteral infusion of antispasmodic agents and sedatives and occasionally necessitates a medically induced coma for symptom control. The ...
Lardreau Esther E Université Denis Diderot-Paris VII , France. - - 2012
Vertigo has been described by medical doctors since Antiquity, but the condition is not limited to human medicine. It is also interesting to note that vertigo-related disorders were long only mentioned in the descriptions of migraine: however, in the Corpus Hippocraticum, a pain with vertigo (odunê kai skotodiniê) was not ...
Chen Ying Y Mental Health Center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2012
Diagnostic information for psychiatric research often depends on both clinical interviews and medical records. Although discrepancies between these two sources are well known, there have been few studies into the degree and origins of inconsistencies. We compared data from structured interviews and medical records on 1,970 Han Chinese women with ...
Afaghi Ahmad - - 2012
Nutrition education is identified as an important part of medical education by organizations. Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, school of medicine (QUMS SOM), has a required basic nutrition course of 36 hr in second year of medical school, but education experts reports show that the course does not provide required ...
- - 2011
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is issuing this interim final rule to amend its adjudication regulation regarding compensation for disabilities suffered by veterans who served in the Southwest Asia Theater of Operations during the Persian Gulf War. This amendment is necessary to extend the period during which disabilities associated ...
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