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Johnson Thomas W TW Anthropology Department, California State University, Chico, P. O. Box 50, Fulton, CA 95439, - - 2014
Eunuchs are biological males who have undergone voluntary castration for reasons other than male-to-female transsexualism. The term 'eunuch wannabe' refers to individuals who desire, or are planning, voluntary castration. Out of fear of embarrassment or rejection, many eunuch wannabes do not consult medical professionals regarding their desire for voluntary castration. ...
Weiler Richard R West Ham United Football Club Training Ground, Chadwell Heath, Essex, - - 2014
It is thankfully rare for extenuating circumstances to fully test the processes and procedures enshrined in national and world antidoping authorities' rules and laws. It is also thankfully very rare that a failed drugs test can have some positive implications. Antidoping laws are undoubtedly focused on ensuring fair competition, however, ...
Lenders Carine M CM Division of Pediatric Nutrition, Boston Medical Center, and Department of Pediatrics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA (CML); the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine, City College of New York, New York, NY (DDD); Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA (BB); University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX (MSE); the Vanderbilt Center for Human Nutrition, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN (DLS); the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (MMM); University of North Carolina Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, NC (MK); and the Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO - - 2014
Despite evidence that nutrition interventions reduce morbidity and mortality, malnutrition, including obesity, remains highly prevalent in hospitals and plays a major role in nearly every major chronic disease that afflicts patients. Physicians recognize that they lack the education and training in medical nutrition needed to counsel their patients and to ...
Allegretti Elisabetta - - 2014
To restore testicular functional competence after traumatic avulsion of the scrotum, accompanied by penile decortication, by means of ad hoc surgery and post-surgical medical treatment. A 26 years old patient underwent a on the job perineal trauma that resulted in loss of one testis while the other one was rescued ...
Klang Mark - - 2013
When selecting medication for feeding tube administration, the liquid formulation is selected, so as to avoid obstructions that may occur from incompletely crushing a solid dosage form. Liquid medications can present issues of intolerance and compatibility when administered via a feeding tube. A predictor of intolerance is the liquid's osmolarity, ...
Orimo Hideo - - 2013
A questionnaire survey was used to determine the status of nutrition education in Japanese medical schools in 2009. A similar survey was conducted in 2004, at which time nutritional education was determined to be inadequate in Japanese medical schools. The current questionnaire was sent to the directors of Centers for ...
Kumar Rajeev - - 2013
Non-obstructive azoospermia is diagnosed in approximately 10% of infertile men. It represents a failure of spermatogenesis within the testis and, from a management standpoint, is due to either a lack of appropriate stimulation by gonadotropins or an intrinsic testicular impairment. The former category of patients has hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and benefits ...
Hanson Corrine K - - 2013
To collect information regarding demographics, nutrition-related patient care encounters, and comfort levels in addressing nutrition-related problems in a population of physician assistants (PA) currently practicing in Nebraska. A survey was developed by faculty members in the Medical Nutrition Education and Physician Assistant Education programs, School of Allied Health Professions, College ...
Weenen Tamar C TC Erasmus University Rotterdam, Faculty of Economics, Rotterdam, The Netherlands ; Department of Virology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2013
At present, industries within the health and life science sector are moving towards one another resulting in new industries such as the medical nutrition industry. Medical nutrition products are specific nutritional compositions for intervention in disease progression and symptom alleviation. Industry convergence, described as the blurring of boundaries between industries, ...
Catafesta J - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Enteral Nutrition Therapy (ENT) is considered an important tool for the appropriate maintenance of nutritional conditions. ENT tolerance may be limited due to gastrointestinal (GI) events resulting from formula composition and/or simultaneously administered drug therapies. AIMS: To verify the possible association between GI events and drug therapies being administered ...
Bouchoud Lucie - - 2012
Background and Aim: Hospitalized patients requiring parenteral nutrition (PN) often need to receive intravenous (IV) medications as well. Y-site administration is occasionally necessary, but physicochemical incompatibilities can occur between the medications and PN. The aim of the present study was to assess the physical compatibility between 25 frequently coadministered IV ...
Sawka Anna M - - 2012
PURPOSEDecision-making on adjuvant radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment for early-stage papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is complex because of uncertainties in medical evidence. Using a parallel, two-arm, randomized, controlled trial design, we examined the impact of a patient-directed computerized decision aid (DA) on the medical knowledge and decisional conflict in patients with ...
Smith Laura-Jane - - 2012
By the end of core medical training you will have gained the confidence and skills required to function as a highly valued member of the medical team-managing complex cases, communicating sensitively and effectively with patients and colleagues, taking personal responsibility for your decisions in a supported environment and working within ...
Lubow R E - - 2012
Objective: To determine the effects of stimulant medication on performance of ADHD adults on a selective attention task that assesses the processing of irrelevant stimuli. Method: ADHD patients and matched controls were given two sessions of a two-stage visual search-latent inhibition (LI) task. In stage-1, they detected the location of ...
Baszanger Isabelle - - 2012
During the past few years, debates have frequently erupted in oncology journals regarding the question of whether to prolong or end treatment. These debates have been informed by developments from both within and outside the field. Within Bioethics, some writers have put forward a number of principles for judging the ...
Lundgren Jennifer D - - 2012
The medical and psychosocial comorbidity of two core features of night eating syndrome (NES), evening hyperphagia (EH) and nocturnal awakening and ingestion of food (NI), was evaluated in adults enrolled in the Swedish Twin Study of Adults: Genes and Environment (STAGE) study. As part of the STAGE study, more than ...
Volpe Rebecca L - - 2012
Mr. Galanas, an eighty-six-year-old man, intentionally shot himself in the chest and abdomen. Surprisingly, the bullet damaged only his distal pancreas and part of his colon, requiring a diverting colostomy to prevent leakage of bowel fluids into his abdomen. After being admitted, he lies intubated in the intensive care unit ...
Roff S - - 2012
The General Medical Council emphasizes the cultivation of professional behaviours among medical students from early undergraduate years. Learning professional behaviours, however, is a progression and is constituted of several developmental stages. Behaving with academic integrity may be the first stage. In an educational setting, academic integrity is represented by a ...
Nair Balakrishnan R - - 2012
To test whether a summative workplace-based assessment (WBA) is feasible and acceptable for international medical graduates (IMGs). A 6-month trial with 27 IMGs from teaching hospitals in Newcastle, Australia. IMGs were assessed by 65 trained assessors from different disciplines, using blueprinted, preset criteria. Mini-clinical evaluation exercises, case-based discussions, in-training assessments and multisource ...
Drey Nick - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adherence to prescribed medication is low. It is a major problem as following practitioners' recommendations is strongly associated with good patient outcomes. Little research has been undertaken with people in the early stages of Parkinson's disease although achieving symptom control depends on regularly timing doses. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: How do ...
Holbrook Jaimee - - 2012
Body and earlobe piercing are common practices in the USA today. Minor complications including infection and bleeding occur frequently and, although rare, major complications have been reported. Healthcare professionals should be cognizant of the medical consequences of body piercing. Complications vary depending on the body-piercing site, materials used, experience of ...
Mazur Dennis J - - 2012
Bayesian inference in medical decision making is a concept that has a long history with 3 essential developments: 1) the recognition of the need for data (demonstrable scientific evidence), 2) the development of probability, and 3) the development of inverse probability. Beginning with the demonstrative evidence of the physician's sign, ...
Baweja Raman - - 2012
Antipsychotic medicines are the cornerstone pharmacotherapy for patients with psychotic disorders. Early and continuous management of psychoses improves the quality of life, decreases hospitalization and reduces medical costs. However, many psychotic patients are not fully compliant with treatment, and thus they more often experience a relapsing course with a suboptimal ...
Choi Kyong Eun - - 2012
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of proton pump inhibitors on symptomatic inflammatory esophagogastric polyps (IEPs) in a pediatric cohort and to determine the optimal duration of treatment. Methods: The 11 patients with IEPs were managed with lansoprazole. Follow-up endoscopies were performed at 2 and ...
Fromson John A - - 2012
Aim: We sought to determine whether weight and body mass index measurement were taken into consideration when prescribing second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) medication to a child. Methods: Two hundred clinicians were surveyed using a hypothetical clinical case vignette at a child psychopharmacology, postgraduate medical education course. The vignette described an overweight ...
Buus Amanda - - 2012
Medication errors during admission to hospitals pose a significant problem. Most of the severe medication errors may be related to dispensation and administration. The medication errors may be induced by cost savings and staff reduction characterizing the current health care system. The objective of this study is to evaluate whether ...
Erueti Chrissy - - 2012
The management of medical conditions is influenced by whether clinicians regard them as "disease" or "not a disease". The aim of the survey was to determine how medical students classify a range of conditions they might encounter in their professional lives and whether a different name for a condition would ...
Walcott Brian P - - 2012
Generalized dystonic syndromes may escalate into persistent episodes of generalized dystonia known as status dystonicus that can be life-threatening due to dystonia-induced rhabdomyolysis and/or respiratory compromise. Treatment of these conditions usually entails parenteral infusion of antispasmodic agents and sedatives and occasionally necessitates a medically induced coma for symptom control. The ...
Lardreau Esther E Université Denis Diderot-Paris VII , France. - - 2012
Vertigo has been described by medical doctors since Antiquity, but the condition is not limited to human medicine. It is also interesting to note that vertigo-related disorders were long only mentioned in the descriptions of migraine: however, in the Corpus Hippocraticum, a pain with vertigo (odunê kai skotodiniê) was not ...
Chen Ying Y Mental Health Center of West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of - - 2012
Diagnostic information for psychiatric research often depends on both clinical interviews and medical records. Although discrepancies between these two sources are well known, there have been few studies into the degree and origins of inconsistencies. We compared data from structured interviews and medical records on 1,970 Han Chinese women with ...
Afaghi Ahmad - - 2012
Nutrition education is identified as an important part of medical education by organizations. Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, school of medicine (QUMS SOM), has a required basic nutrition course of 36 hr in second year of medical school, but education experts reports show that the course does not provide required ...
- - 2011
The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is issuing this interim final rule to amend its adjudication regulation regarding compensation for disabilities suffered by veterans who served in the Southwest Asia Theater of Operations during the Persian Gulf War. This amendment is necessary to extend the period during which disabilities associated ...
Yousuf Salman J - - 2011
To describe the patterns and predictors of adherence to topical glaucoma medication during hospitalization for medical disease. Retrospective, nonrandomized, and comparative case-series. Medical records of all the patients hospitalized with a secondary diagnosis of glaucoma between January 2006 and March 2009 were reviewed. Baseline characteristics of all patients were recorded ...
Mahony Paul H - - 2011
The majority of in-flight passenger medical events are managed by cabin crew. Our study aimed to evaluate the reliability of cabin crew reports of in-flight medical events and to develop a symptom-based categorization system. All cabin crew in-flight passenger medical incident reports for an airline over a 9-yr period were ...
Schommer Kai - - 2011
High-altitude travel, for mountain climbing, trekking, or sightseeing, has become very popular. Therefore, the awareness of its dangers has increased, and many prospective travelers seek medical advice before setting forth on their trip. We selectively searched the literature for relevant original articles and reviews about acclimatization to high altitude and ...
Wax Paul M - - 2011
Many medical toxicologists are interested in participating in a practice-based, multicenter research and toxicosurveillance network. In 2009, the American College of Medical Toxicology established the Toxicology Investigators Consortium (ToxIC). One facet of ToxIC is a registry that can be used for surveillance of new or old agents, assessment of treatment ...
de Saint-Maur Paul P - - 2011
Morbid anatomy underwent extraordinary development in Paris during the last years of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth century, for both philosophical and political reasons. The protagonists of this progress were primarily clinicians whose purpose was to link symptoms with pathological lesions and to elaborate a pertinent ...
Kakiashvili Tamar - - 2011
In the clinical practice of psychiatry, presence or absence of particular symptoms is based on the subjective interpretation, by the clinician, of mental and behavioural descriptions offered by the patient. However, this subjectivity that characterizes the diagnostic decision making process may limit the reliability of diagnosis. In this current study, ...
Cruess Dean G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic medications are commonly used for depressive symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS. PURPOSE: We examined the relationships between adherence to psychotropic medications, depressive symptoms, and antiretroviral adherence. METHODS: We assessed depressive symptoms among 324 people living with HIV/AIDS across a 3-month period (70% men; mean age 45 years; 90% ...
Bailey Donald B DB - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To identify the most common neurological and behavioral symptoms treated by medications in individuals with fragile X syndrome (FXS), factors associated with treatment variability, and difficulty in swallowing a pill. METHOD:: A total of 1019 caregivers provided information about 1064 sons and 299 daughters with FXS in a US ...
Fujishima Ichiro - - 2011
Treatment and management for severe dysphagia consist of medication, rehabilitation and surgery. It is important to understand the prognosis of causative disease and dysphagia. The use of drug for dysphagia is restrictive and not so effective. Rehabilitation is widely applied. Restorative training is for acute cerebrovascular disorders and compensatory methods ...
Park Stephen J - - 2011
Ischemic colitis is a rare adverse effect of antipsychotic medications and is most commonly associated with the phenothiazine class of antipsychotics and atypical antipsychotics such as clozapine and olanzapine. The risk is further increased when antipsychotics are taken in conjunction with anticholinergics. A 27-year-old man with a history of bipolar ...
Ivanoff Chris S - - 2011
The authors present a case of a college student who suffered acute gallium poisoning as a result of accidental exposure to gallium halide complexes. This is extremely rare and has never been reported in the literature. Acute symptoms after the incident, which initially presented as dermatitis and appeared relatively not ...
Lapane K L - - 2012
To examine use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among individuals with radiographic-confirmed osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee. We included 2679 participants of the Osteoarthritis Initiative with radiographic tibiofemoral knee OA in at least one knee at baseline. Trained interviewers asked a series of specific questions relating to current OA ...
Levine Stephen Z - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Data on attaining and maintaining symptom remission associated with specific antipsychotic medications are rare and variant. AIMS: To examine remission rates and their variation by antipsychotic medication in chronic schizophrenia in the National Institute of Mental Health Clinical Antipsychotic Trials of Intervention Effectiveness (CATIE) given it has an 18-month ...
Francis Brian Alan - - 2011
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) in the treatment of uncontrolled glaucoma with a prior aqueous tube shunt. A prospective, nonrandomized, interventional clinical trial with up to 2 years of follow up included 25 eyes of 25 consecutive glaucoma patients with a previous tube shunt and ...
Saxena Yogesh - - 2011
Nutritional anemia exists globally and cuts across all the sections of the population. Adolescent being formative years in life are more susceptible to nutritional anemia. Considerable changes in growth pattern, lifestyle, dietary habits & behavior are likely to influence the hemoglobin levels among male and females of high income group. ...
Albano Pia Marie - - 2011
Evidence is conflicting regarding the effectiveness of creating a low-allergen environment or reducing allergen exposure to control asthma exacerbations. This study determined the association of house dust mite (HDM)-specific IgE levels with asthma symptom control, selected medications, family history of allergic disease, and exposure to second-hand smoke and household pets. ...
Almqvist C - - 2011
BACKGROUND: An association between asthma and antibiotic usage has been demonstrated, and the issue of reverse causation and confounding by indication is much debated. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the association between different classes of antibiotics and prescription of asthma medication in a register-based cohort of all Swedish children, ...
West Colin P - - 2011
Physician distress is common and has been associated with negative effects on patient care. However, factors associated with resident distress and well-being have not been well described at a national level. To measure well-being in a national sample of internal medicine residents and to evaluate relationships with demographics, educational debt, ...
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