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Schneider Benjamin N BN Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, 760 Westwood Plaza, Suite 68-251A, Los Angeles, CA, 90024, USA, - - 2014
Pharmacotherapy of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a well-established and effective treatment modality. However, ADHD medications are not without side effects. Understanding the prevalence of adverse events and effective management of risks associated with stimulants and other medications used to treat ADHD is central to broad applicability and effective treatment. ...
Thronson L Renata LR Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, Adult Medicine Clinic, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington School of Medicine, 325 9th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Primary care providers (PCPs) are frequently responsible for the pharmacologic management of mood disorders, and the PCP is often an important member of the clinical team in the management of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. Not only is a good understanding of psychopharmacology important for the effective treatment of psychiatric disease, ...
Gurvits Grigoriy E GE Grigoriy E Gurvits, Department of Gastroenterology, New York University School of Medicine/Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, United - - 2014
Black hairy tongue (BHT) is a benign medical condition characterized by elongated filiform lingual papillae with typical carpet-like appearance of the dorsum of the tongue. Its prevalence varies geographically, typically ranging from 0.6% to 11.3%. Known predisposing factors include smoking, excessive coffee/black tea consumption, poor oral hygiene, trigeminal neuralgia, general ...
Merlin Jessica S JS Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, - - 2014
Due to rising rates of opioid addiction and overdose among individuals on chronic opioid therapy, aberrant drug-related behaviors (ADRBs) are an important and challenging issue. Our objective was to qualitatively investigate the documentation of ADRBs in the medical record. Manually abstracted provider notes from an HIV primary care clinic were ...
Rivera José O JO University of Texas at El Paso College of Health Sciences and University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, El Paso, - - 2014
This article provides an overview of the pharmacological management of traumatic brain injury (TBI). A basic introduction to key pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles is used to guide the reader. The goals of the pharmacological management of TBI are explained starting with mild TBI. The main medications used for each medical ...
Rasmussen Keith G KG Department of Psychiatry and Psychology,Mayo - - 2014
To assess the psychiatric side effects of ketamine when administered in subanesthetic doses to hospitalized patients. It is hypothesized that such effects occur frequently. In this retrospective study, the medical records of 50 patients hospitalized on medical and surgical units at our facility who had continuous intravenous infusions of ketamine ...
Vijayaraghavan Maya M Moores UCSD Cancer Center, University of California, San Diego, 3855 Health Sciences Drive, San Diego, CA 92093, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Non-opioid psychotherapeutic medications significantly increase the risk of opioid overdose-related deaths. We prospectively followed HIV-infected indigent adults sampled from the community to examine rates of and factors associated with non-medical use of benzodiazepines, muscle relaxants, and prescription stimulants. We interviewed participants quarterly for 2 years about alcohol and illicit substance ...
Bradford W David WD Department of Public Administration and Policy, and Department of Economics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, - - 2014
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most important classes of prescription drugs used by primary care physicians to manage pain. The NSAID class of products has a somewhat controversial history, around which a complex regulatory and informational environment has developed. This history includes a boxed warning mandated by ...
Durif-Bruckert Christine C Social Psychology Research Group, EA 4163, Psychology Department, University of Lyon (Lyon 2), Bron, - - 2014
Fibromyalgia is characterized by a diffuse and predominantly axial and chronic pain, for which there is no explicit rationale for treatment options. This qualitative study aims to understand the medication experience of patients with fibromyalgia and their relationship with the doctors derived from treatment negotiation. A qualitative approach was used, ...
Sahu Jitendra Kumar JK Division of Pediatric Neurology, Advanced Pediatric Center, PGIMER, Chandigarh, 160012, India, - - 2014
Infantile spasms constitute significant burden of refractory epilepsy in children. The first line treatment choice varies at different centres. The author presents concise evidence based update on medical management of infantile spasms.
DaSilva Alexandre F AF Headache and Orofacial Pain Effort, Biologic and Materials Sciences Department, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, 1011 N. University Ave., Room 1014A, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-1078, USA, - - 2014
Migraine is a chronic trigeminal pain condition that affects the daily lives of a large part of our population. Its debilitating headache attacks, with increased sensitivity to multiple forms of stimuli, force many patients to rely on over the counter analgesics and resort to abuse of prescription medications, particularly opioid ...
Kelman Craig C VCU Medical Center - Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, - - 2014
Cerebral vasospasm remains a feared complication from subarachnoid hemorrhage. Vasospasm typically occurs from three to fourteen days post-aneurysm rupture, with peak risk on Day 7. Up to 50% of patients with angiographic vasospasm will subsequently develop delayed cerebral ischemia; 15-20% of this subset will develop stroke or death despite maximal ...
Del Pizzo Jeannine J Attending Physician and Research Fellow (Del Pizzo), Division of Emergency Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; Attending Physician and Vice Director (Callahan), Division of Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Residency Program, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and Professor (Callahan), Clinical Pediatrics Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Intranasal medication administration in the emergency care of children has been reported for at least 20 years and is gaining popularity because of ease of administration, rapid onset of action, and relatively little pain to the patient. The ability to avoid a needle stick is often attractive to practitioners, in ...
Kent Jeremy B JB Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Aquagenic syringeal acrokeratoderma is a newly described condition of the palms and soles characterized by hypopigmented papules and plaques, elicited after submersion in water. Symptoms include a burning pain and a tightening sensation in the palms, as well as hyperhidrosis. Initially thought to be rare, its frequent citation in the ...
Vincent Heather K HK 1Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, Interdisciplinary Center for Musculoskeletal Training and Research, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; 2Sports Performance Center, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; and 3Shands Physical Therapy, University of Florida, Gainesville, - - 2014
Setting standards for medically based running analyses is necessary to ensure that runners receive a high-quality service from practitioners. Medical and training history, physical and functional tests, and motion analysis of running at self-selected and faster speeds are key features of a comprehensive analysis. Self-reported history and movement symmetry are ...
Holton M Kim MK Department of Health Education and Behavior, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, - - 2014
Yoga-related injuries are of increasing concern as the use of yoga continues to rise. The aim of the following study is to examine whether a national sample of yoga practitioners would report discontinued use of yoga due to injury from the practice, assess what injuries resulted in discontinued use, determine ...
Suzuki Toru T 1 The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan ; 2 University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; 3 Cardiology Division, "Cava de' Tirreni and Amalfi Coast" Hospital, Heart Department, University of Salerno, Italy ; 4 IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, San Donato Milanese, Italy ; 5 Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Medical management is generally the preferred treatment for uncomplicated type B acute aortic dissection cases. It is often centered on the use of antihypertensive agents, which alleviates hemodynamic stress on the damaged aortic wall. Methods of medical management and drug selection are still based mainly on personal experience, expert opinion ...
Adenuga Paul P Cleveland, Ohio From the Department of Plastic Surgery, Case Western Reserve University, and the American Migraine - - 2014
This study focuses on the impact of preoperative narcotic medication use on outcomes of surgical treatment of migraine headaches. A retrospective comparative review was conducted with patients undergoing migraine surgery. Data gathered included demographic information, baseline migraine headache characteristics, migraine surgery sites, postoperative migraine headache characteristics 1 year or more ...
Candido Kenneth D KD 1Department of Anesthesiology, Advocate Illinois Masonic Medical Center, Chicago, IL; and 2Department of Anesthesiology, University of Illinois, Chicago, - - 2014
According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reports, approximately 8 in 10 prescriptions filled in the United States are for generic medications, with an expectation that this number will increase over the next few years. The impetus for this emphasis on generics is the cost disparity between them and ...
Lövborg Henrik - - 2014
A few cases of adverse reactions linked to erroneous use of transdermal opioid patches have been reported in the literature. The aim of this study was to describe and characterize medication errors (MEs) associated with use of transdermal fentanyl and buprenorphine. All events concerning transdermal opioid patches reported between 2004 ...
Boyd Carol J CJ a School of Nursing , University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , MI , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Background: Approximately 18% of U.S. adolescents engaged in prescription opioid abuse in 2013. However, this estimate may be misleading because it includes both medical misusers and nonmedical users, and there is evidence that these are two groups that differ relative to substance abuse and criminal risk. Thus, this study ...
Pacik Peter T PT , 57 Bay Street, Manchester, NH, 03104, USA, - - 2014
This clinical opinion was written to bring attention to the understanding and treatment of vaginismus, a condition that is often under diagnosed and therefore inadequately treated, yet affects millions of women worldwide. Despite its description more than a century ago, vaginismus is rarely taught in medical school, residency training, and ...
Wong Siu-Fun SF Siu-Fun Wong, Pharm.D., FASHP, FCSHP, is Professor and Associate Dean of Assessment and Scholarship, Chapman University School of Pharmacy, Irvine, CA; at the time of writing, he was Professor, Loma Linda University School of Pharmacy, Loma Linda, CA. Mark Bounthavong, Pharm.D., is Pharmacoeconomics Clinical Specialist, Veterans Affairs (VA) San Diego Healthcare System, San Diego, CA. Cham Nguyen, Pharm.D., is Pharmacist Specialist, St. Joseph Hospital, Orange, CA. Kezia Bechtoldt, Pharm.d., is Resident Pharmacist, Loma Linda University Medical Center. Elvin Hernandez, D.P.H., M.P.H., MCHES, is Associate Professor, Loma Linda University School of Pharmacy. - - 2014
Improved outcomes achieved by an oral chemotherapy management (OCM) clinic, including a reduction in the need for medication-related interventions, are reported. A retrospective observational cohort study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of an OCM clinic providing comprehensive medication therapy management (MTM) services, including education on various oral chemotherapy agents, ...
Parker Scott L SL Department of Neurosurgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center; and Vanderbilt University Spinal Column Surgical Quality and Outcomes Research Laboratory, Nashville, - - 2014
Object Current health care reform calls for a reduction of procedures and treatments that are less effective, more costly, and of little value (high cost/low quality). The authors assessed the 2-year cost and effectiveness of comprehensive medical management for lumbar spondylolisthesis, stenosis, and herniation by utilizing a prospective single-center multidisciplinary ...
Nosyk Bohdan B BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia, - - 2014
The non-medical use of prescription opioids (PO) has increased dramatically in North America. Special consideration for PO prescription is required for individuals in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). Our objective is to describe the prevalence and correlates of PO use among British Columbia (BC) MMT clients from 1996 to 2007. This ...
Stache Stephen S Department of Family and Community Medicine, and Sports Medicine Physician, Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA. - - 2014
Background: Despite recent research, nonprescription pain medication use among collegiate athletes across all divisions of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is still not well understood.Hypothesis:Non-Division I-A NCAA athletes have a different usage pattern of nonprescription pain medication than NCAA Division I-A football athletes.Methods:A modified version of a nonprescription medication ...
Lakshmi Chembolli C Department of Dermatology, PSG Hospitals and PSGIMSR, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Herbal and Ayurvedic medications, believed to be "mild" and "natural" are usually sought as the first line of treatment before resorting to "stronger" allopathic medication. There are very few reports of adverse reactions to either topical and/or systemic Ayurvedic medications. Massage aromatherapy with ayurvedic oils plays an important role in ...
McCormick Neal J - - 2014
The management of bleeding complications following a dental extraction is an essential skill for the dental practitioner. Extractions are often carried out on patients with complex medical histories and a long list of medications. This paper aims to help the clinician manage post-extraction haemorrhage. A review of the management of ...
Koppel Barbara S BS From the Department of Neurology (B.S.K.), New York Medical College, New York; the Department of Neurology (J.C.M.B.), Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, New York Neurological Institute, New York; University of Arizona College of Medicine (T.F.), Phoenix; the Department of Neurology (J.B.), David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, The VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System; the Department of Neurology (S.Y.), University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque; the Department of Neurology (G.G.), University of Kansas School of Medicine, Kansas City; and the Department of Neurology (D.G.), Geisinger Health System, Danville, - - 2014
To determine the efficacy of medical marijuana in several neurologic conditions. We performed a systematic review of medical marijuana (1948-November 2013) to address treatment of symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS), epilepsy, and movement disorders. We graded the studies according to the American Academy of Neurology classification scheme for therapeutic articles. ...
Fishbain David D Department of Psychiatry, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida, - - 2014
The belief in medical care entitlement has recently resulted in major changes in the medical system in the United States. The objectives of this study were the following: to compare endorsement of three medical entitlement beliefs (I deserve the best medical care no matter what the cost [BMC], I am ...
Volkow Nora D ND From the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda (N.D.V.), the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville (P.S.H.), and the Center for Medicaid and CHIP Services, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Baltimore (S.S.C.) - all in Maryland; and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta - - 2014
The rate of death from overdoses of prescription opioids in the United States more than quadrupled between 1999 and 2010 (see graph), far exceeding the combined death toll from cocaine and heroin overdoses.(1) In 2010 alone, prescription opioids were involved in 16,651 overdose deaths, whereas heroin was implicated in 3036. ...
Monteiro Ana A From the Departments of Neurology (A. Monteiro, A. Mendes, F.S., G.N.) and Pathology (L.C.), Centro Hospitalar São João; and the Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health (A. Monteiro, A. Mendes), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, - - 2014
A previously healthy 49-year-old woman presented with progressive motor deficit. The complaints started the year before with weakness of the right arm. Over the subsequent months, she developed weakness in the left arm, followed by both legs, and, finally, difficulty speaking, with nasal voice, and swallowing. It was increasingly difficult ...
Schumacher Karen L KL University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the increasing complexity of medication regimens for persistent cancer pain, little is known about how oncology outpatients and their family caregivers manage pain medications at home. To describe the day-to-day management of pain medications from the perspectives of oncology outpatients and their family caregivers who participated in a randomized ...
Schumacher Karen L KL University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska. Electronic address: - - 2014
Oncology patients with persistent pain treated in outpatient settings and their family caregivers have significant responsibility for managing pain medications. However, little is known about their practical, day-to-day experiences with pain medication management. To describe day-to-day pain medication management from the perspectives of oncology outpatients and their family caregivers who ...
Pergolizzi Joseph V JV Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Medication prescribing information provides guidance to healthcare providers on how to prescribe a drug properly. Oftentimes patient factors in addition to the prescribing information are considered when selecting medications. Utilizing real-world pharmacy and medical claims data, this study assessed US practitioner prescribing practices of US approved transdermal buprenorphine ...
Staveski Sandra L SL Sandra L. Staveski is Cardiovascular ICU Nurse Practitioner, Department of Nursing, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital at Stanford, 750 Welch Road, Ste 325, Palo Alto, CA 94304 (sstaveski@lpch.org). Tiffany M. Tesoro is Cardiovascular ICU Pharmacist, Department of Pharmacy, Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California. Michael J. Cisco is Attending Physician, Cardiovascular ICU, Department of Pediatrics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California. Stephen J. Roth is Medical Director, Cardiovascular ICU, Department of Pediatrics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, California. Andrew Y. Shin is Attending Physician, Cardiovascular ICU, Department of Pediatrics, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital, Stanford University Medical Center, Palo Alto, - - 2014
The use of sedative and analgesic medications is directly linked to patient outcomes. The practice of administering as-needed sedative or analgesic medications deserves further exploration. We hypothesized that important variations exist in the practice of administering as-needed medications in the intensive care unit (ICU). We aimed to determine the influence ...
Dillow Geoff - - 2014
Two articles that featured in HEJ's April and November 2013 issues focused, respectively, on the roles and responsibilities of those operating and managing medical gas pipeline systems, and on the MGPS Permit to Work System. In this third article in a four-part 'series' by the same author, experienced medical gas ...
Shamriz Oded - - 2014
With growing awareness of the importance of pain control in all procedures, the use of lidocaine-prilocaine cream (EMLA) for all ages is increasing. Lidocaine-prilocaine cream has been implicated as a cause of methemoglobinemia. Diagnostic clues may be oxygen-resistant cyanosis and an oxygen "saturation gap" between arterial blood saturation and pulse ...
McEvoy Matthew D MD Dr. McEvoy is vice chair for educational affairs, program director, and associate professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. Dr. DeWaay is assistant professor and associate vice chair for education, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. Dr. Vanderbilt is assistant professor and director of assessment and evaluation for the Center of Health Disparities, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia. Dr. Alexander is an anesthesiology resident, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee. Ms. Stilley is research and academic information systems analyst, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. Ms. Hege is director, Center for Clinical Evaluation and Teaching, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. Dr. Kern is associate professor, Department of Family Medicine, and associate dean for curriculum-clinical science, College of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South - - 2014
To evaluate the fourth-year medical student's assessment and management of an unstable patient. The authors compared the performance of fourth-year medical students in a clinical performance examination (CPX) across a spectrum of simulated stable conditions as compared with a case of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). All fourth-year medical students at ...
Sera Leah L Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, 20 N. Pine Street, S405, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Despite being a common admitting diagnosis, there is very little published literature on medication management in hospice patients admitted with a diagnosis of failure to thrive or debility. The purpose of this study was to describe medication prescribing practices in hospice patients with either of these primary diagnoses by characterizing ...
T Lee Paul P Medical Devices Training Manager, ABMU Local Health Board, Medical Physics and Clinical Engineering Department, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, - - 2014
Small ambulatory syringe pumps that deliver medication via the subcutaneous route for pain and symptom control are often referred to as 'syringe drivers'. The phrase is synonymous in the UK with the Smiths Medical (formerly Graseby) MS16a and MS26, which have been in use for over 30 years.
Schwartz Tayler M TM Alpert Medical School of Brown - - 2014
We explore the relationship between Press Ganey emergency department (ED) patient satisfaction scores and ED administration of analgesic medications, including amount of opioid analgesics received, among patients who completed a patient satisfaction survey. We conducted a secondary data analysis of Press Ganey ED patient satisfaction surveys from patients discharged from ...
Weber Brittany B Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Department of Otolaryngology, Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, - - 2014
Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a pervasive disorder that may cause hoarseness, throat clearing, and other symptoms. These symptoms are particularly problematic in professional voice users. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the mainstay of current medical management for LPR but may be insufficient in managing some patients' symptoms. Laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication ...
Subramanyam Rajeev R Department of Anesthesia, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, - - 2014
The primary outcome of this study was to examine the cost-effectiveness of the intraoperative combination of intravenous (IV) acetaminophen and IV opioids, versus IV opioids alone, as a part of an inhalational anesthetic technique for tonsillectomy in children. We used Decision Maker(®) software to construct and analyze a decision analytic ...
Janssen Sabine S Department of Neurology 935, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Fixed dystonia without evidence of basal ganglia lesions or neurodegeneration typically affects young women following minor peripheral trauma. We use eyeblink classical conditioning (EBCC) to study whether cerebellar functioning is abnormal in patients with fixed dystonia, since this is part of the pathophysiology of primary dystonia. An auditory tone (conditioning ...
Helmons Pieter J PJ Pieter J. Helmons, Pharm.D., M.A.S., is Hospital Pharmacist, St. Jansdal Hospital, Harderwijk, Netherlands; at the time of this study he was Pharmacist Specialist-Pharmacoeconomics, University of California San Diego (UCSD), San Diego. Jos G. W. Kosterink, Ph.D., Pharm.D., is Hospital Pharmacist and Head of Department of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands, and Clinical Pharmacologist, Pharmacotherapy and Pharmaceutical Care Unit, Department of Pharmacy, University of Groningen. Charles E. Daniels, Ph.D., B.S.Pharm., is Professor of Clinical Pharmacy and Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSD, and Pharmacist-In-Chief, Department of Pharmacy, UCSD Health System, San - - 2014
The impact of a comprehensive hospital formulary management system on formulary compliance and pharmacy labor costs was evaluated. The formulary management system consisted of monitoring nonformulary medication use, reviewing formulary medication use annually, and providing periodic feedback. Workflow scenarios for nonformulary medication requests were identified. Pharmacy personnel were interviewed to ...
Atluri Sairam - - 2014
The epidemic of medical use and abuse of opioid analgesics is linked to the economic burden of opioid-related abuse and fatalities in the United States. Multiple studies have estimated the extent to which prescription opioid analgesics contribute to the national drug abuse problem; studies also assessing the trends in medical ...
DiTommaso Craig - - 2014
To describe patient self-report of headache treatment in the first year following mild traumatic brain injury (TBI). An understanding of appropriate management of symptoms after mild TBI is crucial for improving acute care and long-term outcomes. This is particularly true for post-traumatic headaches as recent studies suggest that headaches after ...
Saltychev Mikhail M Department of Physical and Rehabilitation, Turku University Hospital, FI-20521 Turku, Finland. mikhail.saltychev@gmail.com, - - 2014
To investigate whether an interdisciplinary rehabilitation for chronic musculoskeletal disorders is associated with changes in the purchase of prescribed pain medication. Prospective register-based study. Employees in the public sector (n = 4,365) who participated in the rehabilitation programme between 1996 and 2009. The changes in annual purchases of prescribed pain ...
Sun Zhenxiao Z Linyi Mental Health Center, Linyi, Shandong Province, - - 2014
Tardive dystonia (TDt), a cluster of extrapyramidal symptoms that are caused by long-term use of antipsychotic medication, is characterized by difficulty in autonomic movements of skeletal (voluntary) muscles and consequent deformations of the body. TDt is rarely seen among patients taking olanzapine, but olanzapine was the precipitating antipsychotic medication in ...
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