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Reed Brent N BN Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Polypharmacy, the use of 4 or more medications, is universal in patients with heart failure (HF). Evidence-based combination therapy is prescribed in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Additionally, treatment of the high prevalence of comorbidities presents many therapeutic dilemmas. The use of nonprescription medications is common, adding ...
Roebuck M Christopher MC M. Christopher Roebuck, PhD, MBA, 11350 McCormick Rd., Executive Plaza II, Ste. 705, Hunt Valley, MD 21031, USA. - - 2014
This brief commentary extends earlier work on the value of adherence to derive medical cost offset estimates from prescription drug utilization. Among seniors with chronic vascular disease, 1% increases in condition-specific medication use were associated with significant (P  less than  0.001) reductions in gross nonpharmacy medical costs in the amounts ...
Nicholson Christopher C Minerva Centre, Lancashire Care NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2014
Heart failure has significant prevalence in older people: the mean average age of patients with the condition is 77. It has serious prognostic and quality of life implications for patients, as well as health service costs. Diagnosis requires confirmatory investigations and consideration of causative processes. First-line treatment involves education, lifestyle ...
Shaukat Arslan A Department of Internal Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA, - - 2014
Patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) have a high prevalence of cognitive impairment and the association is multifactorial. In general, the burden of anticholinergic drugs has consistently been shown to be a risk factor for cognitive impairment in the elderly. The aim of this study was to assess the cognitive ...
Graus Andrea A Centre d'Història de la Ciència (CEHIC), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193, Bellaterra (Barcelona), Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Towards the end of the nineteenth century, some Spanish physicians sought to legitimize hypnotherapy within medicine. At the same time, hypnotism was being popularized among the Spanish population through stage hypnosis shows. In order to extend the use of medical hypnotherapy, some physicians made efforts to demarcate the therapeutic use ...
Charlier Philippe P Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology, UFR of Health Sciences (UVSQ, AP-HP), 2 avenue de la Source de la Bièvre, 78180 Montigny-Le-Bretonneux, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
We present here the results of our inter-disciplinary examination of the mummified heart of Blessed Anne-Madeleine Remuzat (1696-1730). This organ has been examined in the context of a canonization process. This analysis is related to important aspects of the early history of anatomy in Europe, that of "Holy autopsies", and ...
Kinge Jonas Minet JM Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Postboks 4404 Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway; Statistics Norway, Research Department, Postboks 8131 Dep, 0033 Oslo, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigate the association between obesity and use of prescribed medications in England. Data were taken from fourteen rounds of the Health Survey for England (1999-2012), which has measures of current prescribed medication use based on therapeutic classifications in the British National Formulary, and nurse-measured height and weight. We find ...
Bromuri Stefano S University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland Institute of Business Information Systems TechnoArk 3, CH-3960, Sierre, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This research is motivated by the issue of classifying illnesses of chronically ill patients for decision support in clinical settings. Our main objective is to propose multi-label classification of multivariate time series contained in medical records of chronically ill patients, by means of quantization methods, such as bag of words ...
Demir Aynur A Department of Environmental Protection Technology, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey aynurdemir_1@hotmail.com - - 2014
In this study, we investigate the medical and economical value of Leucojum aestivum. Leucojum aestivum contains the alkaloid galanthamine, which is one of the main active substances in Reminyl, a commonly used drug for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this analysis, we estimate that there are 13 million ...
Markiewicz Katarzyna K University of Twente, Health Technology and Services Research, MIRA Institute for Biomedical Technology and Technical - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to get an overview of current theory and practice in early assessments of medical devices, and to identify aims and uses of early assessment methods used in practice. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in September 2013, using computerized databases (PubMed, Science ...
Baumgart Saskia S Luzerner Kantonsspital, Quality and Risk Management, Spitalstrasse, 6000, Lucerne, - - 2014
Research into the distribution of medication errors usually focuses on isolated stages within the medication use process. Our study aimed to provide a novel process-oriented approach to medication incident analysis focusing on medication error chains. Our study was conducted across a 900-bed teaching hospital in Switzerland. All reported 1591 medication ...
Perceau Elise E Hospices civils de Lyon, centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, centre de soins palliatifs Pavillon 1K, 165, chemin du Grand-Revoyet, 69495 Pierre-Bénite, - - 2014
Medical record documentation of cancer inpatients is a core component of continuity of care. The main goal of the study was an assessment of medical record documentation in a palliative care unit (PCU) using a targeted clinical audit based on deceased inpatients' charts. Stage 1 (2010): a clinical audit of ...
Greenfield Brian B Faculty of Medicine, Montreal Children's Hospital and McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada, - - 2014
Evaluate the differences in achieving puberty between ADHD and non-ADHD participants and the effects of medication on that process among ADHD participants. A subset of participants with ADHD from the Multimodal Treatment study of ADHD (n = 342) were compared with respect to Tanner staging to participants from a comparison group without ...
Kopanitsa Georgy G Cybernetic Center, Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk, - - 2014
The chosen evaluation concept is based the Guideline for Good Evaluation Practice in Health Informatics (GEP-HI). The stages of the study were identified. Each stage got a detailed description. We also identified the participants and their required qualifications and responsibilities. The developed evaluation concept was used for the evaluation study ...
Blydt-Hansen Tom D - - 2013
The complexity of CKD management in children is increased by the number of comorbid conditions. This study assessed the prevalence of comorbidities in pediatric CKD and the frequency with which multiple comorbidities present together by assessing prevalent medication use by CKD stage and diagnosis and their association with clinical or ...
Baker Jennifer - - 2013
In this paper I argue that reference to a developmental account of agency can help explain, and in cases also alter, our current practices when it comes to the non-consensual medical treatment of children. It does this through its explanation of how stages of development impact the types of interests ...
Garcia-Hejl Carine - - 2013
To prepare the French Accreditation Committee (COFRAC) visit for initial certification of our medical laboratory, our direction evaluated its quality management system (QMS) and all its technical activities. This evaluation was performed owing an internal audit. This audit was outsourced. Auditors had an expertise in audit, a whole knowledge of ...
Honeycutt Amanda A AA Research Triangle International, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA. - - 2013
Estimates of the medical costs associated with different stages of CKD are needed to assess the economic benefits of interventions that slow the progression of kidney disease. We combined laboratory data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey with expenditure data from Medicare claims to estimate the Medicare program's ...
SkaƂkowski Kornel - - 2013
The paper presents a novel approach to online application of formalized rules for medical treatment procedures when processing data from personal medical devices. The rules are formalized by using a rule-based reasoning approach and are applied in order to enhance patient safety and support physicians in their daily work. The ...
Bruzzi M S - - 2013
In the midst of a rich environment for medical device development and manufacturing, universities can play a critical role by developing relevant training programs to produce entrepreneurs who can be efficient and successful in creating early stage companies by understanding deeply the issues involved in creating a useful device, how ...
Kankesan J - - 2013
Adjuvant chemotherapy (act) for non-small-cell lung cancer (nsclc) is associated with improved survival in the general population, but may be underutilized. We explored the factors associated with referral to medical oncology and subsequent use of act among all patients with resected nsclc in Ontario, Canada. The Ontario Cancer Registry was ...
Deng Junping - - 2013
We introduced a compact representation method named Linear Tensor Coding (LTC) for medical volume. With LTC, medical volumes can be represented by a linear combination of bases which are mutually independent. Furthermore, it is possible to choose the distinctive basis for classification. Before classification, correlations between category labels and the ...
Marcilly Romaric - - 2013
There is a need for evidence-based usability principles to support the design of usable medication-related computerized CDS functions and systems. Such evidence requires establishing scientific relationships between usability principles, their violation in terms of usability flaws, issuing usage problems and their consequences or outcomes in the clinical work and patient ...
Kunhimangalam Reeda - - 2013
The diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome, a peripheral nerve disorder, at the earliest possible stage is very crucial because if left untreated it may cause permanent nerve damage reducing the chances of successful treatment. Here a novel Fuzzy Expert System designed using MATLAB is proposed for identification of severity of ...
Shawahna Ramzi - - 2012
Aims and objectives.  To investigate the prevalence of transcription errors in a main public hospital in Pakistan and to test the impact of medication name and dose writing styles and the nurse duty duration on the occurrence of transcription errors. Background.  Medication errors occur frequently in public hospitals. Errors occurring ...
Manthey David - - 2012
Background:  Basic medical procedures have historically been taught at the bedside, without a formal curriculum. The supervision of basic procedures is often provided by the next most senior member of the health care team, who themselves may have very little experience. This approach does not allow for preparatory reading or ...
Patanwala Asad E - - 2012
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to determine the activities of pharmacists that lead to medication error interception in the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter cohort study conducted in 4 geographically diverse academic and community EDs in the United States. Each site had ...
Kayyal Mohammad - - 2012
As the world of medical education moves forward, it becomes increasingly clear that the transformative process is not as easy a process for all. Across the globe, there appears to be many barriers that obstruct or threaten innovation and change, most of which cause almost insurmountable problems to many schools. ...
Miyashita Koji K Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mie University, Kurimamachiya-cho, Tsu-city, 514-8507, - - 2012
For the systems used to fill large numbers of containers with liquid medication, a permissible relative error is ±1.0%. Here, a medication filling and estimating system was designed to improve cycle time. The nonlinear least squares (NLS) method was used with the proposed system, and the results succeeded in providing ...
Stanford Fatima Cody - - 2011
ObjectiveEvidence suggests that the level of physical activity of physicians can be correlated directly with physician counselling patterns about this behaviour. Our objective was to determine if medical students, resident and fellow physicians and attending physicians meet the physical activity guidelines set forth by the US Department of Health and ...
- - 2011
The CGH array analysis shows a 760-kb interstitial deletion of 19p13.12 (blue area); the deleted region may contain a gene critical to branchial arch development. See article by Kosaki et al. in this issue.
Fan Pohoey - - 2011
Article Title: The Origin and Clinical Significance of the Signal Opposite to the Mitral E-Wave: A Simple and Novel Indicator of Left Ventricular Filling Pressure (Echocardiography 2011;28:605).
De Felice Milena - - 2011
An impediment to the investigation of mechanisms that drive headache is the inability of preclinical models to measure headache. Migraine attacks are associated with the development of cutaneous allodynia in some patients. Such cutaneous allodynia suggests a state of 'central sensitization' of pain transmission pathways and may additionally reflect the ...
Fan Pohoey - - 2011
Article Title: Differences in the Duration of Total Ejection between Right and Left Ventricles in Chronic Pulmonary Hypertension (Echocardiography 2011;28:508).
Fu Louis - - 2011
The 15th and 16th centuries saw a religious revival in Europe and an increased interest in church missions. With geographical discoveries supported by strong monarchies in Spain, Portugal and later France, Catholic missions and in particular the Society of Jesus resumed the spread of Christianity to China. Convinced that it ...
Pols Hans - - 2011
Since the advent of European colonial expansion, medical theories of acclimatization have been inextricably related to convictions about the possibility and desirability of white settlement in the colonies, and political ideas of colonial governance. Before 1800, acclimatization theories emphasized the inherent flexibility of the human constitution and its ability to ...
Pearson Russell - - 2011
The University of Wollongong Graduate School of Medicine (UWGSM) opened in 2007. This is one of a new wave of medical schools to enable the more than doubling of the number of medical students graduating in the period from 2006-2014. However, this rapid expansion has exposed a relative paucity of ...
Sakamoto Kayo - - 2011
On March 11, 2011 at 14:46 (Friday), a massive magnitude-9.0 earthquake attacked large areas of northeastern Japan, including Sendai City. The huge earthquake generated catastrophic tsunamis, leading to unprecedented disasters in the seacoast areas of the Tohoku region (about 20,000 dead and missing persons). Upon this earthquake, in Tohoku University ...
Shapiro Alison Bonds - - 2011
In this commentary, I explore the impact on stroke survivors of the disclosure or the lack of disclosure by attending medical personnel of the limits of knowledge of Western medicine. Examining the effect of internal narratives on attention and engagement, this commentary presents the view that survivors' internal narratives are ...
Cohen Jordan J - - 2011
Abstract:Medical educators are facing a challenge today that is quite analogous to that addressed by Abraham Flexner, namely how to transform a legacy system of education that is no longer preparing future physicians adequately to meet contemporary expectations and responsibilities. In facing up this challenge, however, today's educators not only ...
Kimura M - - 2011
To clarify health record background information in the Asia-Pacific region, for planning and evaluation of medical information systems. The survey was carried out in the summer of 2009. Of the 14 APAMI (Asia-Pacific Association for Medical Informatics) delegates 12 responded which were Australia, China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, ...
Perlman Robert L - - 2011
Abstract:Evolutionary biology was a poorly developed discipline at the time of the Flexner Report and was not included in Flexner's recommendations for premedical or medical education. Since that time, however, the value of an evolutionary approach to medicine has become increasingly recognized. There are several ways in which an evolutionary ...
Bahadoran Parvin - - 2011
Oxytocin is the most consumed medication in modern midwifery. The consumption of oxytocin in inducing and strengthening delivery in delivery wards requires an efficient method for making use of this medication with maximum effect and minimum side effects. In this regard, this study has been conducted aiming at comparing the ...
Kaldoudi Eleni - - 2011
Educational content is often shared among different educators and is enriched, adapted, and, in general, repurposed so that it can be reused in different contexts. This paper discusses educational content and content repurposing in medical education, presenting different repurposing contexts. Finally, it proposes a novel approach to content repurposing via ...
Bagot C - - 2010
Venous thromboembolism is a common condition in hospitalized medical patients. Numerous studies have demonstrated that low molecular weight heparin significantly reduces this risk but, despite this, the use of thromboprophylaxis remains poor. To evaluate the use of an exclusion based risk-assessment model (RAM) for venous thrombosis in improving the uptake ...
Kirschenbaum Linda - - 2010
There is a focus on integrating quality improvement with medical education and advancement of the American College of Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies. To determine if audits of patients with unexpected admission to the medical intensive care unit using a self-assessment tool and a focused Morbidity and Mortality (M&M) ...
Körner Mirjam M Department of Medical Psychology and Sociology, University of Freiburg, Germany. - - 2010
To compare multi- and interdisciplinary team approaches concerning team process (teamwork) and team effectiveness (team performance and staff satisfaction) in German medical rehabilitation clinics. A cross-sectional study with a descriptive-explorative design. Eighteen medical rehabilitation clinics divided into two groups (somatic and psychosomatic indication fields). The 18 head physicians or psychotherapists ...
Asao Keiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study examined the effectiveness of a quality improvement project of a limited didactic session, a medical record audit by peers, and casual feedback within a residency program. METHOD: Residents audited their peers' medical records from the clinic of a university hospital in March, April, August, and September 2007. ...
Fried M J - - 2010
The transfer of acutely ill adults who were transported between hospitals by the Scottish Ambulance Service was audited in order to determine the number of transfers and to quantify the incidence of adverse events. Patients over 16 years of age requiring intervention/vital signs monitoring during transfer or a nursing/medical escort ...
Cohen M C - - 2009
In the U.K., cases of sudden unexpected death in infancy are under the jurisdiction of the Coroner and consent for a post-mortem is not required. Prior to the Human Tissue Act 2006 (HTA) there was also no requirement to request retention of tissue (blocks and slides). The HTA stipulates that ...
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