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Walsh Kieran K BMJ Learning, BMA House, Tavistock Square, London, WC1H 9JR, UK, - - 2014
The first full paper that is dedicated to cost in medical education appears in the BMJ in 1893. This paper "The cost of a medical education" outlines the likely costs associated with undergraduate education at the end of the nineteenth century, and offers guidance to the student on how to ...
Nixon Kari K Department of English, Southern Methodist University, P.O. Box 750435, Dallas, TX, 75275-0435, USA, - - 2014
This essay teases out the intimate connections between the scientific and fiscal realms in the context of American germ theory and obstetrics. By uncovering the economic and medical contexts of Henry James's Washington Square-set during the infancy of germ theory and the heyday of American obstetrics-this essay exposes a previously ...
Brooks William S WS Department of Cell, Developmental, and Integrative Biology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
The University of Alabama School of Medicine (UASOM) instituted a fully integrated, organ system-based preclinical curriculum in 2007. Gross anatomy and embryology were integrated with other basic science disciplines throughout the first two years of undergraduate medical education. Here we describe the methods of instruction and integration of gross anatomy ...
Bahner David P DP Dr. Bahner is professor, director of ultrasound, and emergency medicine ultrasound fellowship director, Department of Emergency Medicine, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio. Dr. Goldman is associate professor, Department of Human and Organizational Learning, and director, Master Teacher Leadership Development Program for the School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Mr. Way is senior research associate, Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio. Dr. Royall is a fourth-year resident in surgery, Department of Surgery, Orlando Health, Orlando, Florida. He holds a joint appointment as resident instructor, Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Central Florida College of Medicine, Orlando, Florida. Dr. Liu is assistant professor and emergency medicine ultrasound fellowship director, Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, - - 2014
To determine the state of ultrasound education in U.S. medical schools and assess curricular administrators' opinions on its integration in undergraduate medical education (UME). In 2012, curricular administrators at 134 U.S. MD-granting medical schools were surveyed concerning the nature of ultrasound education in medical school. The questionnaire sought ultrasound education program ...
Slaughenhoupt Bruce B Division of Pediatric Urology, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, - - 2014
To provide an updated report on the status of urology education in the United States. Forty-one randomly selected accredited medical schools in the United States were surveyed concerning their urology curriculum. All schools were included in the randomization, even those that had not produced any successful urology applicants during the ...
Mafigiri David K DK Dr. Mafigiri is lecturer, College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. Ms. Ayebare is research assistant, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda. Ms. Baingana is lecturer, School of Biomedical Sciences, Makerere University, College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda. Dr. Okello is lecturer, Department of Psychiatry, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda. Prof. Sewankambo is principal, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda, and PI, - - 2014
In 2011, five medical schools in Uganda formed the Medical Education for Equitable Services for All Ugandans consortium to address the medical education challenges in meeting the nation's health needs. In this paper, the authors document the development and achievements of this unique collaboration to transform medical education in Uganda. ...
Child Mara J MJ Ms. Child is clinical instructor of global health, University of Washington School of Public Health, and deputy director, Health Alliance International, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Kiarie is associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology, College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya, and affiliate associate professor of global health and epidemiology, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Allen is clinical professor of family medicine and vice dean for regional affairs, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Nduati is professor of pediatrics and child health, University of Nairobi College of Health Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya. Dr. Wasserheit is professor of global health and medicine, adjunct professor of epidemiology, and vice chair of global health, University of Washington Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Kibore is program coordinator for PRIME-K, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, Washington. Dr. John-Stewart is professor of global health, medicine, epidemiology, and pediatrics, University of Washington Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Seattle, Washington. Mr. Njiri is program monitoring and evaluation manager for PRIME-K, University of Nairobi College of Health Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya. Dr. O'Malley is associate professor of global health, and director of implementation science, I-TECH, University of Washington School of Public Health, Seattle, Washington. Mr. Kinuthia is training coordinator for PRIME-K, University of Nairobi College of Health Sciences, Nairobi, Kenya. Dr. Norris is professor and chair of family medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Farquhar is professor of medicine and global health and adjunct professor of epidemiology, University of Washington Schools of Medicine and Public Health, Seattle, - - 2014
A major medical education need in Sub-Saharan Africa includes expanding clinical training opportunities to develop health professionals. Medical education expansion is a complicated process that requires significant investment of financial and human resources, but it can also provide opportunities for innovative approaches and partnerships. In 2010, the U.S. President's Emergency ...
Omaswa Francis G FG Dr. Omaswa is chair, African Platform on Human Resources for Health, executive director, African Center for Global Health and Social Transformation, Kampala, Uganda, and former founding executive director, Global Health Workforce - - 2014
African countries gained independence from colonialism five decades ago with high expectations. Initial positive achievements were not sustained, however, and the continent slumped on many fronts. Medical schools were not spared: Many declined, became inward looking, and suffered from massive migration of health professionals to richer countries, commonly known as ...
Monekosso G L GL Dr. Monekosso is professor of medicine emeritus, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Buea, Buea, - - 2014
Developments in medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa over the past 100 years have been characterized by the continent's unique history. During the first half of the 20th century, the Europeans effectively installed medical education in their African colonies. The years 1950 to 1960 were distinguished by successful movements for independence, ...
Derbew Milliard M Dr. Derbew is associate professor of pediatric surgery and principal investigator of the MEPI program, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Mr. Animut is assistant program coordinator for the MEPI program, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Dr. Talib is assistant professor of medicine and health policy, George Washington University, Washington, DC. Ms. Mehtsun is senior research associate, MEPI Coordinating Center, Washington, DC. Dr. Hamburger is associate professor of pediatrics, George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
In 2003, Ethiopia declared it would pursue the goal of universal primary health coverage. In response to the critical shortage of human resources for health care, the government decided to rapidly increase the training of health workers to provide basic services, including health education, disease prevention, and family health services ...
Geffen Laurie L University of Queensland , Australia - - 2014
Abstract In 2008, China established a medical school accreditation process based on international standards and guidelines. Twenty schools had been accredited by 2013 and it is intended to accredit all 137 schools by 2020. To achieve this ambitious aim, Chinese medical educators have entered into collaboration with their Australian counterparts, ...
Walsh Kieran K BMJ Learning , - - 2014
Abstract Medical education is expensive. There is a growing interest in the subject of cost and value in medical education. However, in the medical education literature, terms are sometimes used loosely - and so there is a need for basic grounding in the meaning of commonly used and important terms ...
Eley Diann S DS The University of Queensland , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Over the past decade, the medical education literature has recognized the need to develop a culture that nurtures wellbeing and resilience in students. However, the introduction of or increase in student fees precipitated a shift in higher education policies toward a consumer model of education. Importantly, it has altered ...
DeZee Kent J KJ Dr. DeZee is associate professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Magee is assistant professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Rickards is assistant professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Artino is associate professor of preventive medicine and biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Gilliland is professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Dong is assistant professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. McBee is assistant professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Paolino is assistant professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Cruess is professor of preventive medicine and biometrics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Durning is professor of medicine and pathology, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
To study medical students' letters of recommendation (LORs) from their applications to medical school to determine whether these predicted medical school performance, because many researchers have questioned LORs' predictive validity. A retrospective cohort study of three consecutive graduating classes (2007-2009) at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences was ...
Sabel Esther E Dr. Sabel is a fellow in medical education, London Deanery, London, England. Dr. Archer is National Institute for Health Research career development fellow, clinical senior lecturer, and director, Collaboration for the Advancement in Medical Education Research and Assessment, Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry, Plymouth, - - 2014
The authors first aimed to ascertain how the Academy of Medical Educators (AoME) could develop and support early career medical educators. They expanded their study to explore the challenges to defining medical education as a discipline because of a lack of collective identity among educators. In 2010, the authors and ...
Tang Fengmin F Department of Pharmacy, Hospital of Huashan, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; Department of Pharmacy, Hospital of Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat, Fudan University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of medication education and behavioral intervention on Chinese patients with epilepsy and to compare the difference between them. A total of 109 patients with epilepsy who did not to take their antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) more than once were randomly assigned ...
Patel Mitesh S MS Dr. Patel is a fellow, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, and ambulatory fellow, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Lypson is assistant dean for graduate medical education, professor of internal medicine and learning health sciences, University of Michigan Medical School, and staff physician, Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Dr. Miller is dean, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Dr. Davis is professor of pediatrics and internal medicine, University of Michigan Health System, member, Institute for Healthcare Policy and Innovation, professor, Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy, and professor of Health Management and Policy University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Nearly half of graduating medical students in the United States report that medical school provides inadequate instruction in topics related to health policy. Although most medical schools report some form of policy education, there lacks a standard for teaching core concepts and evaluating student satisfaction. Responses to the Association of ...
Geffen Laurence L School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. - - 2014
Medical education and training in Australia comprises four phases: basic education, prevocational training, vocational training and continuing professional development. Between the 1860s and 1960s, eight medical schools were established in Australia, admitting school leavers to courses comprised of preclinical, paraclinical and clinical phases. Between the 1970s and the 1990s, two ...
Foye Patrick P Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, New Jersey Medical School, Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, - - 2014
Medical educators use a variety of strategies to help medical students and resident doctors understand and remember complex topics. One teaching tool is matching up radiographic appearances with unrelated, common, non-medical images, in order to help students easily recognise clinical patterns. However, even among medical educators who use this approach, ...
Vukin Elizabeth E Department of Pediatrics, Division of Inpatient Medicine, Primary Children's Hospital, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2014
To document the prevalence of simulation-based education (SBE) for third- and fourth-year medical students; to determine the perceived importance of SBE; to characterize the barriers associated with establishing SBE. A 27-item survey regarding simulation was distributed to members of the Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics (COMSEP) as part ...
Mahan John D JD Departments of - - 2014
The last widespread reimagining and substantive reform in medical student education followed the Flexner Report (published 1910). Given the dramatic changes in educational methods, pedagogy, and technology, and the dramatic changes in society, medical education has inexorably evolved in intentional and unintentional ways. The transition from the post-Flexnerian model (university-based ...
Bickel Marcel H MH Department of the History of Medicine, Bern, Switzerland - - 2014
Thomas Bonner made a long academic career, teaching medical history and higher education at several American universities and presiding over three of these. He engaged in politics for 2 years. As a historian of medicine, he published important books on topics including Midwestern medicine, medical education in the United States ...
McMahon David D McMAHON: Department of Psychiatry, University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita; PRESKORN: University of Kansas School of Medicine-Wichita and Kansas University-Wichita Clinical Trials - - 2014
The package insert, which is jointly authored by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the manufacturer of the drug, is a summary of all of the preclinical and clinical data accumulated during the successful development of a new drug. Despite the role of the package insert in the safe ...
Prendergast Heather M HM Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Illlinois Hospital & Health Sciences System, 808 S. Wood Rm 471-H, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA, - - 2014
There have been no studies examining the association between antihypertensive medications and progression of diastolic dysfunction. The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is an association between class of antihypertensive medication and diastolic dysfunction progression in an African American population. A retrospective cohort study of African American ...
Merlin Lisa R LR From SUNY Downstate Medical Center and Kings County Hospital (L.R.M.), Brooklyn, NY; University of Arizona (H.A.H.), Tucson; Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Women's Hospital (T.A.M.), Boston, MA; Oregon Health & Science University and Portland VAMC (J.A.K.); and University of Toledo (I.I.A.), OH. - - 2014
Current medical educational theory encourages the development of competency-based curricula. The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's 6 core competencies for resident education (medical knowledge, patient care, professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills, practice-based learning, and systems-based practice) have been embraced by medical schools as the building blocks necessary for becoming ...
Masters Ken K Medical Education and Informatics Unit, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University , Sultanate of - - 2014
Abstract The debate around the value of lectures is raging strongly, and new empirical data arguing against the value of lectures comes from a chart showing student brain activity during lectures. The evidence from the chart, however, suffers from crucial problems. These include a small and unspecific sample, mislabeling of ...
Cohen Libby Gordon LG Pacific Northwest University of Health Sciences , Yakima, WA , USA - - 2014
Abstract Background: The teaching of humanistic values is recognized as an essential component of medical education and continuing professional development of physicians. The application of humanistic values in medical care can benefit medical students, clinicians and patients. Aims: This article presents 12 tips on fostering humanistic values in medical education. ...
Caruana C J CJ Medical Physics Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Malta, Malta. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2010, EFOMP issued Policy Statement No. 12: "The present status of Medical Physics Education and Training in Europe. New perspectives and EFOMP recommendations" to be applied to education and training in Medical Physics within the context of the developments in the European Higher Education Area arising from the Bologna ...
Domino Marisa Elena - - 2014
OBJECTIVE The relationship of education, psychiatric diagnoses, and use of psychotropic medication has been explored in the United States, but little is known about this relationship in poorer countries, despite the high burden of mental illness in these countries. This study estimated educational gradients in diagnosis and psychotropic drug use ...
Crush Jonathan J Balsillie School of International Affairs, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intra-regional South-South medical tourism is a vastly understudied subject despite its significance in many parts of the Global South. This paper takes issue with the conventional notion of South Africa purely as a high-end "surgeon and safari" destination for medical tourists from the Global North. It argues that South-South movement ...
Bednarz Edward M - - 2014
Objective : The purpose of this study is to describe the state of chiropractic continuing education vis-à-vis interprofessional education (IPE) with medical doctors (MD) in a survey of a sample of US doctors of chiropractic (DC) and through a review of policies. Methods : Forty-five chiropractors with experience in interprofessional ...
Cummings Doyle M DM East Carolina University, Greenville, NC, USA - - 2014
Regimen-related emotional distress in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with poor glycemic control, but the mediators of this relationship are not well described. This cross-sectional study at baseline examines these relationships, including the specific role of medication adherence in rural African American women. At baseline in ...
Hodges Brian D BD Wilson Centre for Research in Education, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
There have been repeated calls for the greater use of conceptual frameworks and of theory in medical education. Although it is familiar to few medical educators, Michel Foucault's work is a helpful theoretical and methodological source. This article explores what it means to use a 'Foucauldian approach', presents a sample ...
Gevitz Norman - - 2014
Nationally, the California merger created great solidarity among osteopathic members of state and national osteopathic associations. They rebuffed further efforts at amalgamation and championed the continuation of the DO degree. Even after the American Medical Association (AMA) opened its doors to DOs to join local and state medical associations as ...
Manthous Constantine A CA Lawrence and Memorial Hospital, New London, - - 2014
Background: In 2001, graduate medical education in the United States was renovated to better complement 21st century developments in American medicine, society, and culture. As in 1910, when Abraham Flexner was charged to address a relatively non-standardized system that lacked accountability and threatened credibility of the profession, Dr. David Leach ...
Fleck Eliane Cristina Deckmann EC Universidade do Vale do Rio dos - - 2014
The positions of Pedro Arata, Moisés Santiago Bertoni, Carlos Leonhardt and Guillermo Furlong in the debate about the role of the Society of Jesus in the introduction and development of science in the La Plata region are investigated. Written between 1890 and the late 1950s, these authors' works not only ...
Bartle Emma - - 2014
Despite an increasing concern about a future shortage of medical educators, little published research exists on career choices in medical education nor the impact of specific training posts in medical education (e.g. academic registrar/resident positions). Medical educators at all levels, from both medical and non-medical backgrounds, are crucial for the ...
Steinke Mary K MK TL Care Corporation, Beech Grove, IN, USA - - 2014
There are large numbers of short-term medical mission (STMM) groups traveling yearly from the United States to underdeveloped countries. Medical professionals educated in the Western biomedical model of treatment have an ethnocentric view of how to treat illness. The purpose of this pilot study was to demonstrate that a 2-hour ...
Tavakol Mohsen M The University of Nottingham , UK - - 2014
Abstract Medical educators need to understand and conduct medical education research in order to make informed decisions based on the best evidence, rather than rely on their own hunches. The purpose of this Guide is to provide medical educators, especially those who are new to medical education research, with a ...
Tavakol Mohsen M The University of Nottingham , UK - - 2014
Abstract Medical educators need to understand and conduct medical education research in order to make informed decisions based on the best evidence, rather than rely on their own hunches. The purpose of this Guide is to provide medical educators, especially those who are new to medical education research, with a ...
Fu Louis L Department of Orthopaedics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong - - 2014
The important role played by medical services in the preaching of the Gospel in China was undeniable. Anglo-American missionaries entered Canton in the early 18th century and introduced modern Western medicine to China. Reverend Dr Peter Parker, founder of medical missionaries to China, was more than that, far more advanced ...
Fu Louis L Department of Orthopaedics, the Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Waled Hospital, Shatin, New Territories - - 2014
The earliest record of human anatomy in chapters of the Yellow Emperor's Inner Classic is likely to be based upon proper dissections. The first incident of human dissection for medical purpose documented in the History of Han Dynasty occurred in AD 13. During the Sung dynasty, a physician prepared illustrations ...
Burns E Robert ER Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, - - 2014
Correlates of achievement in the basic science years in medical school and on the Step 1 of the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE®), (Step 1) in relation to preadmission variables have been the subject of considerable study. Preadmissions variables such as the undergraduate grade point average (uGPA) and Medical ...
Chandra Amitabh A From the Harvard Kennedy School of Government, Cambridge, MA (A.C.); Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (D.K.); and Project HOPE, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
A central health care-related policy question for the United States is whether the federal government's role in financing graduate medical education (GME) increases the number of physicians trained and influences their specialty choices by subsidizing the cost of training. Total federal GME funding amounts to nearly $16 billion annually. Medicare ...
Hall Justin N JN Mr. Hall is a third-year medical student and Leadership Education and Development (LEAD) Program scholar, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Woods is a scientist, The Wilson Centre, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Hanson is associate dean, Admissions and Student Finances, Undergraduate Medical Education, and associate professor, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
To investigate the performance outcomes of medical students with social sciences and humanities (SSH) premedical education during and beyond medical school by reviewing the literature, and to contextualize this review within today's admission milieu. From May to July 2012, the lead author searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases, and ...
Dixit Karan S KS Department of Neurology, University of Illinois-Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Develop an understanding of the availability of the formal clinical Neuro-Oncology educational opportunities for medical students. The curriculum websites of all LCME accredited medical schools were reviewed for the presence of clinical Neuro-Oncology electives as well as other relevant data. Ten (6.8%) of LCME accredited medical schools offer formal Neuro-Oncology ...
Olomu Adesuwa B AB 1Department of Medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, - - 2014
/st>(i) To examine the sustainability of an in-hospital quality improvement (QI) intervention, the American College of Cardiology's Guideline Applied to Practice (GAP) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). (ii) To determine the predictors of physician adherence to AMI guidelines-recommended medication prescribing. /st>Prospective observational study. /st>Five mid-Michigan community hospitals. /st>516 AMI patients ...
Andrew Susan E SE University of Alberta , - - 2014
Abstract Several influential national/international bodies including The Bologna Accord, The Carnegie Foundation and The Future of Medical Education in Canada (FMEC) have called for increased coordination across the medical education continuum. FMEC recognizes accreditation as a "powerful lever" and encourages the alignment of undergraduate and postgraduate standards. The Carnegie Foundation ...
McLean Michelle M Bond University , Australia - - 2014
Abstract Medical education is now a global enterprise, with many medical educators working internationally, either for short or longer periods or even permanently. In parallel, many medical schools are now involved in collaborations and partnerships with schools in other countries. With this in mind, we set out to explore what ...
Iorio Matthew L ML Department of Plastic Surgery, Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA, - - 2014
The goal of this review was to identify the safety and medical care issues that surround the management of patients who had previously undergone medical care through tourism medicine. Medical tourism in plastic surgery occurs via three main referral patterns: macrotourism, in which a patient receives treatments abroad; microtourism, in ...
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