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Straus Christopher M CM Department of Radiology, University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
The ACR Task Force on Medical Student Education in Radiology, in partnership with the Alliance of Medical Student Educators in Radiology, investigated the current status of how and to what extent medical imaging was being taught in medical schools. The task force executed a 3-part survey of medical school deans, ...
McGaghie William C WC Ralph P Leischner Jr, MD Institute for Medical Education, Loyola University Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywood, Illinois, - - 2014
This article has two objectives. Firstly, we critically review simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) research in medical education, evaluate its implementation and immediate results, and document measured downstream translational outcomes in terms of improved patient care practices, better patient outcomes and collateral effects. Secondly, we briefly address implementation science and its ...
Pierson Alisa A American Osteopathic Association, Department of Education, 142 E Ontario St, Chicago, IL 60611-2864. - - 2014
Since 2008, the American Osteopathic Association has gathered data on osteopathic graduate medical education program compliance with the association's correction of deficiencies processes. The purpose of the current article is to look at those data to discover trends and identify patterns and areas for improvement for osteopathic graduate medical education. ...
Goldflam Katja K Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Emergency medicine residents may perform bedside ultrasound (BUS) scans that are carried out solely for educational purposes. This may lead to confusion on the part of patients, as the implications in the context of their medical care may be unclear. We hypothesized that a scripted introduction would improve understanding of ...
Farey John E JE School of Medicine, The University of Notre Dame Australia, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
The diminishing number of hours dedicated to formal instruction in anatomy has led to a debate within medical education as to the level required for safe clinical practice. We provide a review of the current state of anatomical education in Australian medical schools and state the case for national standards. ...
Mavis Brian B Dr. Mavis is associate professor and director, Office of Medical Education Research and Development, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. Dr. Sousa is senior associate dean of academic affairs and associate professor of medicine, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. Dr. Lipscomb is senior associate dean for diversity and inclusion, associate dean for student affairs, and associate professor of psychiatry, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. Dr. Rappley is dean and professor of pediatrics and human development, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, Grand Rapids, - - 2014
Although evidence of medical student mistreatment has accumulated for more than 20 years, only recently have professional organizations like the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) and the American Medical Association truly acknowledged it as an issue. Since 1991, the AAMC's annual Medical School Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) has included questions ...
Szpunar Susan M SM St. John Hospital and Medical Center, Department of Medical Education, Grosse Pointe Woods, Michigan (Dr Szpunar, Dr Minnick, Dr Dako, Mr - - 2014
PurposeThe purpose of this project was to determine if a Performance-Improvement Continuing Medical Education (PI-CME) project, using the American Medical Association's methodology, would help improve the timeliness and comprehensiveness of foot examinations in patients with diabetes.MethodsA PI-CME project was conducted with the Internal Medicine faculty staff physicians (n = 8) ...
Grimm Lars J LJ Department of Radiology, Duke University Hospital, Box 3808, Durham, NC 27710. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate radiology residency applications to determine if any variables are predictive of a future academic radiology career. Application materials from 336 radiology residency graduates between 1993 and 2010 from the Department of Radiology, Duke University and between 1990 and 2010 from the Department of Radiology, Stanford University were retrospectively ...
Beyer Chad - - 2014
The use of medical stimulants to sustain attention, augment memory and enhance intellectual capacity is increasing in society. The use of Methylphenidate for cognitive enhancement is a subject that has received much attention in the literature and academic circles in recent times globally. Medical doctors and medical students appear to ...
Naritoku Wesley Y WY From the Department of Pathology, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Los Angeles (Dr Naritoku); the Department of Laboratory Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York (Dr Vasovic); the Department of Pathology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York (Drs Steinberg and Prystowsky); and the Department of Pathology and Genomic Medicine, Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Texas (Dr - - 2014
Context.-The Liaison Committee on Medical Education began an initiative to change medical education across the United States in the early 2000s. With the explosion in medical science knowledge, the need arose to teach selected fundamental information both in a contextual and in an active learning manner. Objective.-To identify ways to ...
Smith Andrew A Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah. Electronic address: - - 2014
To report changes in pediatric clerkship nighttime clinical structures before and after implementation of the 2011 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) resident duty hour standards. As part of the 2011 Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics (COMSEP) member annual survey, we surveyed leaders of pediatric undergraduate medical ...
Oliver M Norman MN the Department of Family Medicine and the Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville; and the Virginia Commonwealth University, - - 2014
Total knee replacement (TKR) is a cost-effective treatment option for severe osteoarthritis (OA). While prevalence of OA is higher among blacks than whites, TKR rates are lower among blacks. Physicians' implicit preferences might explain racial differences in TKR recommendation. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the magnitude ...
Weisberg Daniel F DF MD Candidate 2013, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Medical schools instill a classic moral standoff in which the responsibility for the betterment of the patient stands at odds with the responsibility for the betterment of society. In critical ways, the latter, in the form of a robust research and technology-driven enterprise, has taken precedence over the former, resulting ...
Laskaratos Faidon-Marios FM Specialist Registrar (ST3) in Gastroenterology in the Department of Gastroenterology, Royal Free London NHS Trust, - - 2014
The ward round is a complex task, which has been described as 'walking a tightrope'. This article reviews the available literature on the educational value of ward rounds in conveying medical knowledge and developing trainees'history taking and clinical examination skills.
Walsh Kieran K Clinical Director, BMJ Learning, - - 2014
Curriculum is core to any form of education (Harden, 2009). In medical education new curricula continually emerge and existing curricula are continually redesigned (Grant et al, 2013).
Peerally Mf M Academic Clinical Fellow in Medical Education and Specialty Trainee in Gastroenterology, Leicester Royal Infirmary, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester LE1 - - 2014
This article outlines the postgraduate opportunities available to trainee clinicians interested in medical education. It focuses on the integrated clinical academic training pathway for medical trainees and identifies some tips for securing an academic clinical fellowship.
Tamba Kaichiro K Jichi Medical University, Shimotsuke, - - 2014
Palliative care education for undergraduate medical students has not been well established in Japan. A foundation supported our university to have a department of palliative care medicine for undergraduate palliative education for three years. Fortunately, a nationwide consensus syllabus of palliative medicine for undergraduate medical education had been developed. To ...
Makhni Melvin C - - 2014
Two thirds of the world's population lack orthopedic services. Natural disasters such as the 2010 Haiti earthquake temporarily increased volunteering, but the decision to volunteer regularly is likely multifactorial. In the study reported here, we investigated whether academic orthopedic surgeons are interested in volunteering abroad and identified factors that influence ...
Cooper Ashley A Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, - - 2014
This quality improvement project was conducted to increase education and pregnancy screening for adolescent girls being treated with teratogenic medications in the pediatric rheumatology clinic. As nearly half of adolescents admit to sexual intercourse and one third of girls in the U.S. become pregnant before age 20, developing a strategy ...
Kalava Arun - - 2014
There is an increasing use of electronic health records in hospitals across the United States. The speed and accuracy of residents in documenting electronic health records has been insufficiently addressed. We studied resident typing skills at New York Methodist Hospital. Participating residents typed a standard 100-word alphanumerical paragraph of a ...
- - 2014
Since 2012, the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) has also been collaborating with the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Foundation, joining its "Choosing Wisely" campaign on two separate lists of Five Things Healthcare Providers and Patients Should Question. The campaign is designed to engage healthcare organizations and professionals, individuals, and ...
Macleod Kara E KE *Address correspondence to Kara E. MacLeod, Safe Transportation Research & Education Center, University of California, Berkeley, 2614 Dwight Way #7374, Berkeley, CA 94720. E-mail: - - 2014
Purpose of the Study: This study identified factors associated with canceling nonemergency medical transportation appointments among older adult Medicaid patients. Data from 125,913 trips for 2,913 Delaware clients were examined. Mediation analyses, as well as, multivariate logistic regressions were conducted. Over half of canceled trips were attributed to client reasons ...
Nishigori Hiroshi H Dr. Nishigori is associate professor, Center for Medical Education, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. Dr. Harrison is associate professor, Division of Hospital Medicine, Oregon Health & Sciences University School of Medicine, Portland, Oregon. She was also visiting associate professor, International Research Center for Medical Education, the University of Tokyo, from April to July 2009. Dr. Busari is associate professor, Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands. Dr. Dornan is professor of medical education, Department of Educational Development and Research, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the - - 2014
Medical professionalism has become a core topic in medical education. As it has been considered mostly from a Western perspective, there is a need to examine how the same or similar concepts are reflected in a wider range of cultural contexts. To gain insights into medical professionalism concepts in Japanese ...
Asefzadeh Baharak B VA Boston Health Care System, Eye Clinic, Jamaica Plain Campus, Jamaica Plain, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize veterans' adherence to glaucoma medications and follow-up eye care, and to examine the influence of coexisting chronic conditions such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)/anxiety. A retrospective review of computerized medical records was performed for 161 veterans taking topical glaucoma medications. Medication possession ...
Vetter Thomas R TR From the Department of Anesthesiology (T.R.V., M.E.D., A.M.B.), Department of Emergency Medicine (S.C.V.), School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama; and Department of Nursing and the Center for Nursing Excellence (K.M.N.), University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Anesthesiologists are responsible for optimizing patients' preoperative medications, including maximizing their compliance with preoperative medication instructions. The authors hypothesized that a standardized, simplified instruction sheet presented and verbally reinforced during the preanesthesia clinic visit would improve patient medication compliance on the day of surgery. An unmatched case-control design was applied, ...
Mattison Richard E RE Department of Psychiatry, Stony Brook University , Stony Brook, New - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Characteristics of psychotropic medication use have rarely been investigated for special education students with emotional and/or behavioral disorders. Methods: The prevalence of psychotropic medication use was obtained at the beginning of a school year for a cohort of 77 students attending a self-contained middle school for special education ...
Ellaway Rachel H RH Northern Ontario School of Medicine , Canada - - 2014
Abstract The growing role of audit, quality improvement and research in health professional education programs requires increased certainty and precision in descriptions of how curricula are structured and run. The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) MedBiquitous Curriculum Inventory Standard provides a technical syntax through which a wide range of different ...
Schafer James A JA Jr University of Houston, - - 2014
The American medical profession participated extensively in preparedness and mobilization for the First World War, with more than one in five doctors voluntarily enlisting in various branches of the Army and Navy Medical Corps. Medical officers were widely valorized for suspending their civilian careers and for sacrificing their professional income ...
Boise Elizabeth - - 2014
In this article asthma assessment and patient education protocol for the Oto-Allergy Clinic at Wexner Medical Center at The Ohio State University Department of Otolaryngology, Division of Sinus and Allergy, are shared.
Chan Andrew A Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, MS 34, South San Francisco, CA 94080, USA. - - 2014
Andrew Chan and Albert Jan Schutte speak to Jonathan Wilkinson, Commissioning Editor: Andrew Chan obtained his bachelor's and master's degrees in chemistry from Northwestern University in Evanston (IL, USA) and his medical degree and doctorate in cellular and developmental biology from Washington University School of Medicine (USA). He completed an ...
Walsh Kieran K Clinical Director, BMJ Learning, - - 2014
Medical education is expensive (Walsh, 2010). Its cost has led a number of researchers to investigate ways to improve quality for a given spend or to save on spending (Walsh, 2013). This in turn has caused concern among some quarters that attempts to find value in medical education risk causing ...
Ryan Donna H DH Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA, - - 2014
Several developments regarding obesity management have occurred within the past 2 years that have important implications for family physicians. First, effective November 29, 2011, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services approved Medicare coverage for intensive behavioral therapy for obesity as a stand-alone billable service. Second, the American Medical Association ...
Fleming Kenneth K Oxford University Clinical Academic Graduate School, Oxford, - - 2014
Postgraduate medical education in the UK has gone through a maelstrom of change in the last 20 years; many components have disadvantaged clinical academic training in particular. In this article we summarise some of the changes and describe the advantages of the creation of a dedicated clinical academic graduate school as ...
McCabe Sean Esteban SE Institute for Research on Women and Gender, University of Michigan, 204S. State St., Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-1290, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the lifetime prevalence of medical and nonmedical use of prescription benzodiazepine anxiolytics among U.S. high school seniors and to assess substance use behaviors based on lifetime histories of medical and nonmedical use of prescription benzodiazepine anxiolytics. Nationally representative samples of high school seniors were surveyed during their senior ...
Chen Thomas Sn TS Retired practitioner, - - 2014
Sangye Gyatso played a major role in the politics of 17th century Tibet, and was the originator of the medical paintings that encompassed the full scope of Tibetan medicine.The depictions became an important aid in medical education, and was heavily influenced by Buddhist thinking. The paintings arose in a visual ...
Hasman Arie A Deparment of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
This contribution presents the development of medical informatics education in Europe. It does not discuss all developments that took place. Rather it discerns several themes that indicate the progress in the field, starting from the initiation phase to the final quality control phase.
Cobb Enesha M EM Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA; Department of Veterans Affairs, VA Center for Clinical Management and Research, Ann Arbor VA Healthcare System, Ann Arbor, Michigan, - - 2014
We assessed national levels of public interest in medical research participation (MRP) and factors associated with interest as a healthy volunteer; as a diagnosed volunteer; and in seven study types. Cross-sectional, Web-based survey of the US population in June 2012. Descriptive statistics estimated interest in MRP and multivariable logistic regression ...
Wiseman Liz L Ms. Wiseman is president, The Wiseman Group, Menlo Park, California. Dr. Bradwejn is dean and professor of psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Mr. Westbroek is a fifth-year medical student, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, - - 2014
The authors propose a new model of leadership for the clinical setting. The authors' research suggests that there is latent intelligence inside business and educational organizations because many leaders operate in a way that shuts down the intelligence of others. Such leaders are classified as "Diminishers." In the clinical setting ...
Jibson Michael D MD University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA, - - 2014
Numerous monographs on psychiatry education have appeared without a review specifically intended to assist psychiatry faculty and trainees in the selection of appropriate volumes for study and reference. The authors prepared this annotated bibliography to fill that gap. The authors identified titles from web-based searches of the topics "academic psychiatry," ...
Harris John M JM Jr At the time of writing, John M. Harris Jr was with the Office of Continuing Medical Education, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, - - 2014
James Edmund Reeves (1829-1896) presented the article from which these excerpts were taken at the annual meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA) in Detroit, Michigan, November 14, 1883. At the time he was the secretary of the newly formed State Board of Health of West Virginia and the ...
Padhukasahasram B B Center for Health Policy and Health Services Research, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, - - 2014
Inhaled short-acting beta-agonist (SABA) medication is commonly used in asthma patients to rapidly reverse airway obstruction and improve acute symptoms. We performed a genome-wide association study of SABA medication response using gene-based association tests. A linear mixed model approach was first used for single-nucleotide polymorphism associations, and the results were ...
Bell Lawrence T O LT Department of Surgery, Cheltenham General Hospital, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, United - - 2014
For many years art, anatomy and medicine have shared a close relationship, as demonstrated by Leonardo da Vinci's anatomical drawings and Andreas Vesalius' groundbreaking illustrated anatomical textbook from the 16th century. However, in the modern day, can art truly play an important role in medical education? Studies have suggested that ...
Kelley Denise D Department of Pharmacy, UF Health Jacksonville, Jacksonville, - - 2014
An antimicrobial stewardship educational initiative provided to physicians and pharmacists was evaluated at an academic medical center to minimize inappropriate treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB). A significant decrease in empirical antimicrobial use for ASB was observed after education. Multifaceted educational initiatives can reduce inappropriate antimicrobial treatment of ASB.
Juarez Deborah T - - 2014
To examine racial/ethnic disparities in medication adherence between Asian and Pacific Islander Americans and Whites. This retrospective data analysis included diabetes patients enrolled in a health plan in Hawaii (N = 43,445). For anti-diabetic, lipid-lowering, and anti-hypertensive medications, quantile regression was estimated at 25(th), 50(th), and 75(th) quantiles to examine ...
Horowitz Robert R Department of Medicine/Palliative Care, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, - - 2014
Medical educators in the USA perceive the teaching of palliative care competencies as important, medical students experience it as valuable and effective, and demographic and societal forces fuel its necessity. Although it is encouraged by the Association of American Medical Colleges, the only palliative care-related mandate in US medical schools ...
Brown Jonathan D - - 2014
OBJECTIVE This study examined state and demographic variation in use of depot antipsychotics among Medicaid beneficiaries with schizophrenia. METHOD Medicaid claims data (2007) from 21 states and the District of Columbia were analyzed for 102,884 beneficiaries age 18 to 64 with schizophrenia. Rates of receipt of depot antipsychotics were determined ...
Gishen Kriya K From the Division of Plastic, Aesthetic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Miami, Leonard Miller School of Medicine, Miami, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to examine the current system of medical education along with the advances that are being made to support the demands of a changing health care system. American medical education must reform to anticipate the future needs of a changing health care system. Since the ...
Smith Sherilyn S a Department of Pediatrics , University of Washington , Seattle , Washington , - - 2014
Background: Further dissemination of medical education work presented at national meetings is limited. Purposes: The purpose of this study was to explore dissemination outcomes of scholarly work in pediatric medical education. Methods: Council on Medical Student Education in Pediatrics (COMSEP) members who presented at COMSEP national meetings from 1998 to ...
Gettings Jennifer J Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Pharmaceutical advertisements have been argued to provide revenue that medical journals require but they are intended to alter prescribing behaviour and they are known to include low quality information. We determined whether a difference exists in the current level of pharmaceutical advertising in print general medical journals, and we estimated ...
Hu Daniel D University of Hawai'i at Hilo; Hilo, HI (DH, - - 2014
The objective of this systematic review was to investigate the effectiveness of interventions to improve medication adherence in ethnic minority populations. A literature search from January 2000 to August 2012 was conducted through PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Search terms used included: medication (MeSH), adherence, ...
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