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Mubki Thamer T Al Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
The use of trichoscopy for evaluating a number of hair and scalp disorders is gaining popularity. It is a simple and noninvasive in vivo tool for visualizing hair shafts and the scalp. Recently, alopecias have been classified according to their trichoscopic findings. The second part of this 2-part continuing medical education ...
Escher Monica M Pain and Palliative Care Consultation, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology, University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sometimes a written advance directive contradicts the opinion of a health care proxy. How this affects doctors' decision making is unknown. To quantify the influence of contradictory instructions on doctors' decisions. All the generalists and internists in French-speaking Switzerland were mailed the questionnaire. Respondents (43.5%) evaluated three vignettes that described ...
Hong Hyehyun H Chung-Ang University, South Korea - - 2014
Exemplifying a real person in news stories has become a popular journalistic technique to describe an event or issue. With the frequent appearance of medical news reports in local television in recent years, this news presentation style is widely believed to help audiences better engage in and understand complex medical ...
Camilleri M M Clinical Enteric Neuroscience Translational and Epidemiological Research (C.E.N.T.E.R.), Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, - - 2014
There have been significant advances in understanding the pathophysiological mechanisms in patients with neurogastroenterological disorders including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional abdominal pain, functional diarrhea, chronic constipation, gastroparesis, and functional dyspepsia. These advances have led to the development of novel pharmacological therapy of neurogastroenterological disorders. To review peer-reviewed articles ...
Barceló Montserrat M Geriatric Unit, Internal Medicine Department, Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Sant Antoni Maria Claret 167, 08025, Barcelona, Spain, - - 2014
Drug therapy in patients with advanced heart failure and limited life expectancy may be of no benefit or even inappropriate. The aim of this study was to analyze the appropriateness of medication prescribed to patients with advanced heart failure and limited life expectancy, considering as such an expected median survival ...
Yin H Shonna HS Department of Pediatrics, New York University School of Medicine and Bellevue Hospital Center, New York, NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the degree to which recommended provider counseling strategies, including advanced communication techniques and dosing instrument provision, are associated with reductions in parent liquid medication dosing errors. Cross-sectional analysis of baseline data on provider communication and dosing instrument provision from a study of a health literacy intervention to reduce ...
Mucke Hermann Am HA H.M. Pharma Consultancy e.U., Enenkelstrasse 28/32, A-1160 Wien, Austria - - 2014
A snapshot of recent key developments in the patent literature of relevance to the advancement of pharmaceutical and medical R&D.
Chan John Gar Yan JG Respiratory Technology, Woolcock Institute of Medical Research and Discipline of Pharmacology, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, 2037, NSW, - - 2014
Inhaled pharmaceuticals are formulated and delivered differently according to the therapeutic indication. However, specific device-formulation coupling is often fickle, and new medications or indications also demand new strategies. The discontinuation of chlorofluorocarbon propellants has seen replacement of older metered dose inhalers with dry powder inhaler formulations. High-dose dry powder inhalers ...
Mirarchi Ferdinando L FL From the *Department of Emergency Medicine, UPMC-Hamot, Chairman, UPMC- Hamot Physician Network, Governance Council; † Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine; and ‡Manager, Basic Science Research, UPMC Hamot, Erie, - - 2014
Living wills are a form of advance directives that help to protect patient autonomy. They are frequently encountered in the conduct of medicine. Because of their impact on care, it is important to understand the adequacy of current medical school training in the preparation of physicians to interpret these directives. ...
Devore Adam D AD Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, 2301 Erwin Road, DUMC 3845, Durham, NC, 27710, USA, - - 2014
The prevalence of patients living with advanced heart failure continues to rise. For a subset of these patients, continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are a life-saving therapy. Given the efficacy and durability of contemporary LVAD devices, their use has increased exponentially in recent years. The medical management of patients ...
Nima Zeid A ZA Center for Integrative Nanotechnology Sciences, University of Arkansas at Little Rock , Little Rock, AR , USA - - 2014
Abstract In this review of the literature on surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), we describe recent developments in SERS techniques in medical technology. The SERS technique has developed rapidly in the last few years as a result of fascinating advancements in instrumentation and the ability to interpret Raman data using high-processional, ...
Mangla Ashvarya A Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine, OSF Saint Francis Medical Center, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Peoria, IL, - - 2014
Cardiac arrest can occur following a myriad of clinical conditions. With advancement of medical science and improvements in Emergency Medical Services systems, the rate of return of spontaneous circulation for patients who suffer an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) continues to increase. Managing these patients is challenging and requires a structured ...
Mauser Stanislas S Reutlingen University, Faculty for Informatics, - - 2014
There are several intra-operative use cases which require the surgeon to interact with medical devices. We used the Leap Motion Controller as input device and implemented two use-cases: 2D-Interaction (e.g. advancing EPR data) and selection of a value (e.g. room illumination brightness). The gesture detection was successful and we mapped ...
Ingrande Jerry J Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, - - 2014
Anesthesiologists are unique among most physicians in that they routinely use technology and medical devices to carry out their daily activities. Recently, there have been significant advances in medical technology. These advances have increased the number and utility of medical devices available to the anesthesiologist. There is little doubt that ...
Fawdon Helen H Kettering General Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, - - 2013
The advanced clinical practitioner role in emergency departments in the UK has developed in an ad hoc manner, without a national framework of registration requirements. This article describes the structure adopted by one NHS trust in England to certify the clinical competence of advanced clinical practitioners in emergency departments through ...
Glamore Michael James MJ Florida International University, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Miami, Florida, - - 2013
The immense advancement of our understanding of disease processes has not been a uniform progression related to the passage of time. Advances have been made in "lurches" and "catches" since the advent of the written word. There has been a remarkable interdependency between such advances in medicine and advances in ...
Clifford Alison - - 2013
To critically review recent advances in medical management of Takayasu arteritis, with a special focus on the rationale and evidence to support the use of biologic agents in this disease. Multiple case series and observational studies support the use of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) medications, in particular infliximab, in patients ...
Levi Benjamin H - - 2013
Abstract Background: With the growing need to train medical professionals how to engage their patients in advance care planning, this study examines medical students' experience using an interactive, online decision aid to help consenting adults complete an advance directive. Methods: Third-year medical students at the University of California, Davis (UC ...
Savona-Ventura Charles - - 2013
The 1565 Siege of Malta served as a turning point in the westward Ottoman advance. The 4-month long siege was resisted by the indomitable belief of the defenders that their cause was just and holy. It also required prior detailed organisation to ensure sufficient war materials and that the overall ...
Kidd Elizabeth - - 2013
Locoregionally advanced vulvar cancer (LRAVC) is a rare disease that presents many challenging medical decisions. An expert panel was convened to reach consensus on the most appropriate pretreatment assessment and therapeutic interventions in LRAVC patients. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidenced-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that ...
Collerton Daniel - - 2013
Treatment of visual hallucinations in neurodegenerative disorders is not well advanced. The complexity of underlying mechanisms presents a number of potential avenues for developing treatments, but also suggests that any single one may be of limited efficacy. Reducing medication, with the careful introduction of antidementia medication if needed, is the ...
Dillon Patrick A - - 2013
Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a multifaceted disease and continues to be the most common cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infants. The purpose of the review is to highlight important recent developments regarding CHI. Several recent studies have highlighted the advances in medical genetics, imaging techniques, histological variety, and surgical decision ...
Cantu Robert V - - 2013
This study sought to determine whether a grand rounds presentation could change resident practice. A 6-month review of all hip fracture patients 65 years and older at a single academic medical center was performed. The rate of addressing advanced directives and code status as documented in the medical record was ...
Al-Jahdali Hamdan - - 2013
Advance directives are specific competent consumers' wishes about future medical plans in the event that they become incompetent. Awareness of a patient's autonomy particularly, in relation to their right to refuse or withdraw treatment, a right for the patient to die from natural causes and interest in end of life ...
Kukreja Sanjay - - 2013
Psychiatric polypharmacy refers to the prescription of two or more psychiatric medications concurrently to a patient. It can be categorised as same-class, multi-class, adjunctive, augmentation and total polypharmacy. Despite advances in psychopharmacology and a better understanding of the principles of therapeutics, its practice is increasing rapidly. The prevalence of polypharmacy ...
Longstreth George F GF Gastroenterologist at the Garfield Specialty Center in San Diego, CA. - - 2013
A short time spent volunteering in a small, rural Kenyan hospital required me to revive dormant medical skills. Much could be done despite markedly limited resources. Major contrasts with my experiences in the US, especially the harsh living conditions, types of illnesses, and more advanced disease at presentation, left indelible ...
Naraynsingh Vijay V Department of Clinical Surgical Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus, Trinidad and - - 2013
The use of advanced imaging technology at international airports is increasing in popularity as a corollary to heightened security concerns across the globe. Operators of airport scanners should be educated about common medical disorders such as inguinal herniae in order to avoid unnecessary harassment of travelers since they will encounter ...
Revilla Fredy J FJ Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine , Cincinnati, OH , USA ; Gardner Center for Parkinson's and Movement Disorders, University of Cincinnati Neuroscience Institute , Cincinnati, OH , USA ; Veterans Affairs Medical Center , Cincinnati, OH , - - 2013
The effect of dopaminergic therapy on balance in Parkinson's disease (PD) remains unclear, including previous studies that excluded the effect of dyskinesias or other involuntary movements on postural sway. Additionally, medication's effects may differ between fallers and non-fallers. In this study, the authors quantify the effect of dopaminergic medication on ...
McMurry-Heath Michelle - - 2012
FDA announces a new nonprofit partnership-the Medical Device Innovation Consortium-to advance regulatory science in the medical technology arena.
Matousek Pavel P Central Laser Facility, Research Complex at Harwell, STFC Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Harwell Oxford, UK. - - 2013
Raman spectroscopy has recently undergone major advances in the area of deep non-invasive characterisation of biological tissues. The progress stems from the development of spatially offset Raman spectroscopy (SORS) and renaissance of transmission Raman spectroscopy permitting the assessment of diffusely scattering samples at depths several orders of magnitude deeper than ...
Ghosh Sudipta S Centre for Eye Research Australia, University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, East Melbourne, VIC 3002, - - 2012
  To determine the prevalence of signs and symptoms of ocular surface disease in two hospital-based cohorts; glaucoma patients and non-glaucoma patients.   A cross-sectional, comparative case series.   Glaucoma patients (n = 300) prescribed topical glaucoma medications for ≥6 months were compared with control patients (n = 100) who were not applying prescribed topical ...
Kluger Nicolas N Helsinki University Central Hospital, Skin and Allergy Hospital, University of Helsinki, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Department of Dermatology, 00029 HUS, Helsinki, Finland. - - 2013
Tattooing has gained a tremendous popularity for the past twenty years. The motivations that drive an individual to acquire a tattoo are plentiful. Tattooing has also found its way in the field of medicine (corneal tattooing, gastrointestinal tattooing during endoscopy, permanent make-up tattooing, scar camouflage or radiotherapy field marking...). An ...
Wada Shinya S Clinical Science and Pathobiology Division, Equine Research Institute ERI, The Japan Racing Association JRA, 321-4, Tokami-cho, Utsunomiya, Tochigi 320-0856, Japan. - - 2013
To describe the incidence, clinical progress, visual outcome, and laboratory findings of equine keratomycosis in Japan.  Retrospective study of the medical records of horses clinically and mycologically diagnosed with keratomycosis at the Equine Hospitals of the Japan Racing Association from 2005 to 2011. The diagnosis of keratomycosis was confirmed in ...
Schwab Abraham - - 2012
Physicians and other medical practitioners make untold numbers of judgments about patient care on a daily, weekly, and monthly basis. These judgments fall along a number of spectrums, from the mundane to the tragic, from the obvious to the challenging. Under the rubric of evidence-based medicine, these judgments will be ...
McDermott Cian - - 2012
Introduction. Opioid overdose is an ever-increasing problem globally. Recent studies have demonstrated that intranasal (IN) naloxone is a safe and effective alternative to traditional routes of naloxone administration for reversal of opioid overdose. Aims. This randomised controlled trial aimed to compare the time taken to deliver intranasal medication with that ...
Santiago-Cabán Luis A - - 2012
To report a case of amantadine induced corneal edema in a pediatric patient. A comprehensive ophthalmologic evaluation was performed to a 16-year-old female patient who presented with bilateral, painless loss of vision and corneal edema. Review of the patient's medical information revealed the use of amantadine to alleviate extrapyramidal side ...
Weiss Rémi - - 2011
In a judgment dated 11 April 20 11, the Ontario Superior Court declared that the Medical Marijuana Access Regulations (MMAR), and Sections 4 and 7 of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA), that prohibit the possession and production of cannabis, are unconstitutional because, in practice, they prevent effective access ...
Chang Chirn-Bin - - 2011
Our aim was to compare the practicability of six different potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) criteria in geriatric outpatients with polypharmacy. We analysed baseline data from the Medication Safety Review Clinic in Taiwanese Elders (MSRC-Taiwan) study. The prevalence and correlates of PIMs were determined on the basis of criteria developed in ...
Khanam Majidah - - 2011
To asses the knowledge, opinion and attitude of medical graduates regarding selected reproductive tract infections, diagnosis of sexual dysfunction, identification of sexual abuse and other sexual health issues in Fatima Baqai Hospital Gadap Town. A cross sectional study conducted from January 2009 to July 2009 in Fatima Baqai Hospital Karachi. ...
Potchen M J - - 2011
Advanced medical imaging technologies are generally unavailable in low income, tropical settings despite the reality that neurologic disorders are disproportionately common in such environments. Through a series of donations as well as extramural research funding support, an MRI facility opened in Blantyre, Malawi in July 2008. Resulting opportunities for studying ...
Canning Joshua - - 2011
Acquired methemoglobinemia is a common, potentially fatal syndrome that can occur as a result of exposure to numerous xenobiotics. A case report of a 14-month-old female who developed methemoglobinemia following a dapsone ingestion. The child was treated with numerous boluses of methylene blue and ultimately required a continuous infusion of ...
Michalec Barret - - 2011
This study explores how preclinical medical students experience particular elements of their training, specifically their pursuit for medical knowledge and how this may impact their attributes as well as their relations with those outside of the realm of medicine. Ten first-year and 10 second-year students of a US medical school ...
Eggert Sebastian - - 2011
In Switzerland, every physician has the right to report a patient that is potentially unfit to drive to the licensing authority without violating medical confidentiality. Verified information regarding physicians' attitudes concerning this discretionary reporting and the frequency of such reports are not available. In order to answer these questions, 635 ...
Novitskaya Elena S - - 2011
Identifying contact allergens in ophthalmic medications can be a challenging and daunting experience. We summarize data on topical ophthalmic medications with the potential to cause periorbital contact dermatitis and allergic conjunctivitis, highlighting current dilemmas and controversies in this area. The following groups of allergens are reviewed: preservatives, antiglaucoma medications (prostaglandin ...
Larance Briony - - 2011
Aims. This paper (i) reviews the language used to describe and manage those patient practices that fall outside standard medical models of opioid treatment (for pain and opioid dependence), and (ii) proposes a consistent terminology that can be applied across multiple healthcare settings. Method. Peer-reviewed and grey literature documenting empirical ...
Edwards Steven - - 2011
Harmful alcohol use is a risk factor in more than 60 diseases and injuries resulting in approximately 2.5 million deaths per year worldwide. In the United States (US) and Europe, there are only a few medications approved for alcohol dependence (AD) however, these medications have only been moderately effective and ...
Kreisberg Joel - - 2011
With the escalating use of pharmaceuticals in health care, there has been increasing anxiety over the potential health risks associated with pharmaceutical waste accumulating in the environment. This research provided nurses in a hospice care facility in Concord, California, with education and training to offer patients a medication disposal service ...
Golden Adam G - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter (OTC) medications, benzodiazepines, and barbiturates are not covered under many Medicare drug benefit plans; hence, their use by homebound older adults is largely unreported. Furthermore, the tiered design of Medicare drug formularies may in fact promote the use of older but potentially inappropriate medications. Little is known about ...
Sobo Elisa J - - 2011
More US-based patients than ever are travelling abroad for medical or dental services. Beyond financial incentives, what cultural factors have supported this trend? Because of their interest in selling medical travel, medical travel agencies (MTAs) have vested interests in this question. To find out how they are answering it, an ...
Muntner Paul - - 2011
Polypills, which include multiple medications for reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in a single pill, have been proposed for population-wide use. The number of US adults eligible for polypills and potential benefits are unknown. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004 and 2007-2008 were analyzed to estimate treatment rates ...
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