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Non Amy L AL Department Social and Behavioral Sciences; Harvard School of Public Health; Boston, MA - - 2014
Despite the high prevalence of depression, anxiety, and use of antidepressant medications during pregnancy, there is much uncertainty around the impact of high levels of distress or antidepressant medications on the developing fetus. These intrauterine exposures may lead to epigenetic alterations to the DNA during this vulnerable time of fetal ...
Hegarty Cherie P - - 2013
A 17-year-old woman presented to the ED with behavioural disturbance and psychotic features. Brief dystonic jerks were noted so she was referred to the medical team. A diagnosis of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis was made. Immunotherapy was instituted early and the clinical outcome was excellent. It is important to consider this ...
Sakhel Khaled - - 2012
The Sound Judgment Series consists of invited articles highlighting the clinical value of using ultrasound first in specific clinical diagnoses where ultrasound has shown comparative or superior value. The series is meant to serve as an educational tool for medical and sonography students and clinical practitioners and may help integrate ...
Li Chunsheng - - 2012
This technical note reports the required sensitivities for bioassay techniques derived from a 0.1 Sv effective dose incurred in the first year following an emergency (recommended by ICRP) and those derived from a 0.25 Sv committed effective dose (recommended by NCRP) as dose thresholds for possible medical attention. During a ...
Feyi-Waboso Andrew - - 2012
Encapsulation of a filtering bleb following trabeculectomy may lead to elevation of intraocular pressure, prompting further medical or surgical intervention. It has been suggested that needling of an encapsulated bleb may be effective in re-establishing drainage and lowering intraocular pressure. The objective of this review was to assess the effects ...
Gandy William E Gene - - 2011
Vertigo is a fairly common complaint encountered by medics. It is very upsetting and unpleasant for the patient, but it is usually benign and resolves on its own. However, it is vital that the medic be able to differentiate between common vertigo and a more serious condition like stroke. Careful ...
Liu Chung-Feng - - 2011
Abstract The main purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of the electromagnetic interference (EMI) caused by radio frequency identification (RFID) with medical devices among hospitals as well as to call the attention of medical institutions to the development of RFID applications. A survey sponsored by the Department ...
Tilney Peter - - 2011
A flight team was activated for a scene call in rural Vermont for a patient with apparent carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Per ground emergency medical services (EMS) personnel, this 55-year-old man with a history of coronary artery disease (CAD) was found unresponsive in his parked vehicle in his garage. "Dryer ...
Tong Alfred Y C - - 2011
Pharmaceuticals have been detected throughout the environment where at least in some cases, they have been shown to have a detrimental effect. Many result from improper patient disposal of unused pharmaceuticals via environmentally-unfriendly routes, such as the sink, toilet or rubbish bin. This review surveys the current peer-reviewed literature on ...
White Michael - - 2011
The clinical management of infants born with disabilities and at the cusp of viability has been a focus of attention in recent years because of medical advances as well as legislative activity. This article looks at the history, in terms of law and medical tradition, of this issue as well ...
Kothari Devyani D Substance Abuse Research and Education Training (SARET) Program, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, - - 2011
To prepare to develop a medical school curriculum on substance abuse disorders (SADs), the authors conducted a review of the quality of the sparse published literature. The authors searched MEDLINE (1950 through December 2008) using OVID, PsycINFO, and PubMed to identify all studies of SAD interventions targeted toward undergraduate medical ...
Kornblith Aaron - - 2011
Databases are used to screen for warfarin-medication interactions. We measured the reliability and validity of 5 databases. Databases were queried for 30 medications identified as having varying degrees of interactions with warfarin in a recent systematic literature review. Reliability was measured by the percentage agreement between the databases for each ...
Lochner Lukas L Province College for Health-Care Professions Claudiana, Bolzano/Bozen, Italy. - - 2011
Staff development initiatives proposed over the past few decades have, for the most part, suggested training environments such as workshops, short courses and seminar series. However, for many healthcare professionals, lecturing constitutes an ancillary activity, and a full-time occupation in the healthcare industry makes participation in such time-consuming programmes difficult ...
Featherstone Robin - - 2010
This article examines Pubget, a free Web-based search engine for life sciences researchers for conducting searches of the medical literature and retrieving full-text PDFs. Its search functionality and add-on features are evaluated to determine potential for library instruction and promotion. With many libraries relying on OpenURL link resolvers to connect ...
Ng K H - - 2010
A bibliographic database is an organised digital collection of references to published literature. A bibliographic database may be general in scope or may cover a specific academic discipline. There are many types of medical and general bibliographic databases. They cover biomedical and scientific literature, morbidity and mortality statistics, therapeutic regimens, ...
Manos Michael J - - 2011
Objective: To summarize the literature investigating changes in emotional expression (EE) as a function of pharmacotherapy in the treatment of ADHD and to differentiate emotional effects related to ADHD pharmacotherapy from emotional effects related to ADHD as a disorder. Method: English language articles published from January 1, 1988, through August ...
Brown M L - - 2011
Primary nocturnal enuresis is a common childhood disorder. Treatment approaches bridge the psychological and medical fields. A substantial body of literature addresses the various ways of treating enuresis, from pharmaceuticals to behavioural interventions. The medical and psychological literatures have proceeded relatively independently from one another and there has been little ...
Youngster Ilan - - 2010
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is the most common human enzyme defect and one of the most common genetic disorders worldwide, with an estimated 400 million people worldwide carrying a mutation in the G6PD gene that causes deficiency of the enzyme. Although drug-induced haemolysis is considered the most common adverse clinical ...
Clapham Philip J - - 2010
The nature and extent of medicine's relationship with the medical industry is currently a heated issue in medicine. Although the ethical implications of this relationship have been widely discussed in medical journals and the popular media, it is unknown how the current interest in industry issues has affected plastic surgery. ...
Arora Sonal - - 2010
Emotional intelligence (EI) involves the perception, processing, regulation and management of emotions. This article aims to systematically review the evidence for EI in medicine through the context of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and the Cochrane Central ...
Docrat Fathima F Pfizer South Africa. - - 2010
Natural disasters and acts of terrorism demonstrate a similar critical need for national preparedness. As one of a team of volunteers with a local South African NGO who recently went on a medical mission, I would like to share glimpses of our experience and reflect on the mistakes - and ...
Castlemain Theresa M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To describe the presentation, assessment, and management of Takayasu's arteritis (TA), a rare vascular condition exhibited predominantly in females in their second and third decades of life. DATA SOURCES: Thorough review of current scientific literature was obtained from electronic databases and medical journals (CINAHL and PubMed). A case study ...
Loukas Marios - - 2010
One hundred years after his death, Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard's name endures in the medical literature primarily because of his work on the anastomotic veins of the cerebral circulation. Specifically, and known to all neurosurgeons, the great anastomotic vein, or the vein of Trolard, underscores a portion of Trolard's contribution ...
Karila Laurent - - 2010
Methamphetamine dependence is a serious worldwide public health problem with major medical, psychiatric, socioeconomic and legal consequences. Various neuronal mechanisms implicated in methamphetamine dependence have suggested several pharmacological approaches. A literature search from a range of electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, PsycInfo, the NIDA research monograph index and the reference list ...
Nguyen H M - - 2010
Reviewing the current literature to guide clinicians managing medications in the setting of liver disease. Using the terms liver disease, medication management, and therapeutic monitoring, a literature review was conducted to identify peer-reviewed articles in MEDLINE (1966-April 2009). Reference citations were reviewed as an additional resource. Published English-language literatures, articles ...
Wearn Andy - - 2010
This is the seventh article in an education series, discussing some of the 'hot topics' in teaching and learning in medicine. Historically, 'professionalism' was defined by the social structures of medicine, but has moved on to represent the expected behaviours and attributes of practitioners. Well publicised cases of professional misconduct, ...
Bassi Jesdeep - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify studies involving information technology (IT) in medication reconciliation (MedRec) and determine how IT is used to facilitate the MedRec process. DATA SOURCES: The search strategy included a database search of MEDLINE and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), hand-searching of collected material, and references ...
Manias Elizabeth - - 2010
AIM: This paper is a report of a concept analysis of medication communication with a particular focus on how it applies to nursing. BACKGROUND: Medication communication is a vital component of patient safety, quality of care, and patient and family engagement. Nevertheless, this concept has been consistently taken-for-granted without adequate ...
Daley Barbara J - - 2010
OBJECTIVES As the medical profession continues to change, so do the educational methods by which medical students are taught. Various authors have acknowledged the need for alternative teaching and learning strategies that will enable medical students to retain vast amounts of information, integrate critical thinking skills and solve a range ...
Gnjidić Zivko - - 2010
Based on secondary literature, a survey of particular forms of medical expertise over history is presented. The state-to-individual interaction in terms of personality and physical integrity protection, health care, etc., was observed. It was only after the 16th century that the development of anatomy was found to have become a ...
Souney Paul F PF Prism Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 1016 West Ninth Avenue, Suite 130, King of Prussia, PA 19406, USA. - - 2010
Intravenous amiodarone (A-IV) is used to manage ventricular and atrial arrhythmias. The current formulation uses polysorbate 80 and benzyl alcohol to maintain amiodarone in solution, and these co-solvents are linked with clinically-important adverse events and pharmaceutical incompatibilities. PM101 is a recently FDA-approved intravenous formulation of amiodarone that uses a cyclodextrin ...
Bruns Deborah A - - 2010
PURPOSE: To provide information about neonatal experiences for newborns with full trisomy 18 (t18). SUBJECTS: Mothers of 21 newborns with full t18 (13 survivors; 8 who died prior to mothers' participation in the study). DESIGN: Mixed method, descriptive, online survey. METHODS: Subjects completed an online survey. Data were downloaded into ...
Baird Matthew B - - 2010
Over the last 20 years, interest in medical need at mass events has increased. Many studies have been published identifying the characteristics of such events that significantly impact the number of patients who seek care. Investigators agree that weather is one of the most important variables. We performed a literature ...
Webster Angela C - - 2010
Different clinical questions are best answered using different study designs. This paper describes the best methods for finding relevant studies for well-framed clinical questions. We focus on which database is best to search to answer your question, describe the structure of effective search strategies and explore ways to develop appropriate ...
Maldonado Igor Lima - - 2010
Chronically shunted patients are believed to be unable to have a shunt-free life. Nevertheless, sometimes shunt removal is possible after an endoscopic third ventriculostomy, even after long periods of cerebral spinal fluid diversion. We perform a literature review that leads to a discussion of this subject in the light of ...
Griffin Thomas D - - 2010
Both patents and Medline are important document collections for discovering new relationships between chemicals and biology, searching for prior art for patent applications and retrieving background knowledge for current research activities. Finding relevance to a topic within patents is often made difficult by poor categorization, badly written descriptions, and even ...
Westreich Daniel - - 2010
While the Latin phrases in vitro and in vivo are well understood in the medical literature, neither term accurately describes the science performed at the level of the population by epidemiologists and others. In particular, the effect of an exposure in a single organism can differ from those in a ...
Frank Jason R - - 2010
Competency-based education (CBE) has emerged in the health professions to address criticisms of contemporary approaches to training. However, the literature has no clear, widely accepted definition of CBE that furthers innovation, debate, and scholarship in this area. To systematically review CBE-related literature in order to identify key terms and constructs ...
Johnston Rory - - 2010
Medical tourism involves patients intentionally leaving their home country to access non-emergency health care services abroad. Growth in the popularity of this practice has resulted in a significant amount of attention being given to it from researchers, policy-makers, and the media. Yet, there has been little effort to systematically synthesize ...
Schichtel Markus - - 2010
E-mentoring had the potential to improve medical training, patient services, could be cost-effective, and support continued professional development. Research in terms of required core-competences for its effective utilisation in medical education seemed to be inconsistent, fragmented with significant variations in methodological rigor. The primary aim was to review and synthesise ...
Chahla Mayy - - 2010
The acquisition of new knowledge is a primary goal of residency training. Retrieving and retaining influential primary and secondary medical literature can be challenging for house officers. We set out to investigate the effect of a Universal Serial Bus (USB) drive loaded with landmark scientific articles on housestaff education in ...
Crooks Valorie A - - 2010
Medical tourism is understood as travel abroad with the intention of obtaining non-emergency medical services. This practice is the subject of increasing interest, but little is known about its scope. A comprehensive scoping review of published academic articles, media sources, and grey literature reports was performed to answer the question: ...
Zhang Yan - - 2010
Uterine fibroids (UFs) are benign growths within the uterine muscle and are present in 30% of women during their reproductive years. With the exception of hysterectomy, there are no effective medical and surgical treatments for women with uterine fibroids . Acupuncture is an ancient Chinese method which has been used ...
Korotkov Konstantin G KG Saint-Petersburg State University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia. - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the scale and scope of implementing electrophoton capture (EPC) analysis based on gas discharge visualization (GDV) technique in diverse medical applications and psychophysiology; to identify the range of applications in medicine; and to show in which areas the procedure can be useful ...
Nivet Marc A - - 2010
Given the considerable demographic changes occurring in the in the United States coupled with the urgent need for the field of medicine to continue to adapt to and better align with societal needs and expectations, a growing number of leaders in academic medicine have called for academic health centers to ...
Smith A F - - 2010
Recent trends in medical training have tended to focus on competence, in the sense of adequate performance, rather than excellence. This article reviews published literature and relevant concepts relating to excellence and professionalism from within anaesthesia, from medicine more generally and from outside the profession. A number of conceptual frameworks ...
Ayre Stephen - - 2009
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine whether inpatients in a medical admissions unit in a UK district general hospital received evidence-based therapies in 2008. METHODS: The diagnoses of and therapies received by inpatients at the George Eliot Hospital National Health Service Trust in Nuneaton were recorded. A clinical librarian searched ...
Coffman Janet M - - 2009
Legislatures and executive branch agencies in the United States and other nations are increasingly using reviews of the medical literature to inform health policy decisions. To clarify these efforts to give policymakers evidence of medical effectiveness, this article discusses the California Health Benefits Review Program (CHBRP). This program, based at ...
Manjila Sunil - - 2009
The use of the term "chair" in medical literature probably started in the Late Middle Ages with the Italian anatomist Mondino de Liuzzi. History reveals the term's origin at Bologna, one of the oldest degree-granting universities in Europe. Nobody has been shown in documented literature before Mondino to have reached ...
Ringburg Akkie N - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this review is to give an overview of literature on the survival benefits of Helicopter Emergency Medical Services (HEMS). The included studies were assessed by study design and statistical methodology. METHODS: A literature search was performed in the National Library of Medicine's Medline database, extending from ...
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