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Yun Huifeng - - 2014
Low adherence to bisphosphonate therapy is associated with increased fracture risk. Factors associated with discontinuation of osteoporosis medications have not been studied in-depth. This study assessed medication discontinuation and switching patterns among Medicare beneficiaries who were new users of bisphosphonates and evaluated factors possibly associated with discontinuation. We identified patients ...
Carlson Eric R ER Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Tennessee Medical Center, University of Tennessee Cancer Institute, 1930 Alcoa Highway, Knoxville, TN 37920, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with bisphosphonate and other anti-resorptive medications (ARONJ) has historically been a poorly understood disease process in terms of its pathophysiology, prevention and treatment since it was originally described in 2003. In association with its original discovery 11 years ago, non-evidence based speculation of these issues have ...
Yates M M Ballarat Health Services, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia; School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in Australia. While there is well-established evidence for the use of VTE prophylaxis in hospital inpatients, adherence to such guidelines is poor. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of education and system change on ...
Johnston Raymond V RV Aerospace Medical Association, 320 S. Henry St., Alexandria, VA 22314, - - 2014
The suggestion that venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with air travel has for several decades been the subject of both "media hype" and extensive debate in the medical literature. As emotion and anecdote is often a feature in this debate, it is therefore necessary to separate evidence from anecdote. "Travelers' ...
Charlier Philippe P Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology, UFR of Health Sciences (UVSQ/AP-HP), 2 avenue de la source de la Bièvre, 78180, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, - - 2014
Human bones and biological remains conserved in anthropological, medical, and archaeological collections are foci of ethical debate, as recently illustrated by the affair of Charles Byrne's bones. In the near future, curators will have to choose between global conservation of all (or almost all) anthropological collections and systematic restitution to ...
Salai M - - 2013
We analysed the effects of commonly used medications on human osteoblastic cell activity in vitro, specifically proliferation and tissue mineralisation. A list of medications was retrieved from the records of patients aged > 65 years filed in the database of the largest health maintenance organisation in our country (> two ...
Ajmal Adnan - - 2013
Psychotropic medications, particularly select antipsychotics, are a common cause of drug-induced hyperprolactinemia. As high prolactin may be associated with hypogonadism, reproductive dysfunction, and bone loss, it is important to recognize this condition and understand its management. The aim of this review is to evaluate the causes, signs, and symptoms associated ...
Duff Jed - - 2013
Despite the availability of evidence-based guidelines on venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention clinical audit and research reveals that hospitalised medical patients frequently receive suboptimal prophylaxis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability, utility and clinical impact of an educational outreach visit (EOV) on the provision of VTE prophylaxis ...
Pikilidou Maria I - - 2013
Vascular calcification is a phenomenon of disturbed calcium deposition, as part of the calcium that is supposed to be deposited to our bones, is lodged to our vessels. There are two forms of vascular calcification, each with a distinct anatomical distribution and clinical relevance, namely the intimal and medial calcification. ...
Waldron Tony T University College London, - - 2013
Calvin Wells was the leading palaeopathologist in the UK between the later 1950s and the early 1970s. He studied medicine at University College London but failed in anatomy and qualified in 1933 with the Conjoint Diploma (MRCS, LRCP). After qualification he began to study obstetrics and after war service in ...
Shahi F - - 2013
To assess current ultrasound scanning protocol in outpatients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT), in particular whether practitioners routinely scanned calf veins. A standard questionnaire was sent out via post to all radiology departments in the United Kingdom (UK) and via the British Medical Ultrasound Society (BMUS) website in 2010. ...
Larsen Jacob M - - 2013
Recalled St Jude Medical Riata leads have a high rate of insulation failures with potential thrombogenic externalized conductors. We report a paradoxical thromboembolic stroke through a persistent foramen ovale during extraction of a lead with externalization. We suggest mandatory transesophageal echocardiography prior to extraction to screen for lead-related thrombosis and ...
Laliberté François - - 2013
Multiple daily dosing may be negatively associated with patient medication adherence; however, adherence-related data are lacking in a patient population with venous thromboembolism (VTE). To assess the adherence rates between once-daily (OD) and twice-daily (BID) dosing regimens of chronic medications in patients with VTE. We analyzed the PharMetrics Integrated Claims ...
Galanis Taki - - 2013
Effective venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in hospitalized medically-ill patients and those undergoing orthopaedic surgery remains a challenge for clinicians in the United States. Several new oral anticoagulants, which either directly inhibit the activity of thrombin or factor Xa have been developed and studied for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention in phase III ...
Cohen Alexander Ander T - - 2013
The risk of venous thrombosis extends for an indeterminate length of time following admission to hospital with a medical or surgical condition. Observational studies in surgery show this risk extends for months and perhaps more than one year, for medical patients the risk extends for at least several weeks. Large ...
Caronia Jonathan - - 2013
Doppler ultrasonography is a standard in diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but is often delayed. Clinician-performed focused vascular sonography (FVS) has proven to accurately diagnose DVT in the ambulatory and emergency room settings. Whether trained medical residents can perform quality FVS in the critically ill is unknown. Medical residents ...
James Robert F - - 2013
New anticoagulant and antiplatelet medications have been approved and are prescribed with increased frequency. Intracranial hemorrhage is associated with the use of these medications. Therefore, neurosurgeons need to be aware of these new medications, how they are different from their predecessors, and the strategies for the urgent reversal of their ...
Sandlin Kimberly K Moorabbin Dialysis Unit, Southern Health, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
Phosphate binder medication adherence is required to maintain optimal phosphate levels and minimise bone disease in people with end stage kidney disease. To examine the impact of a nurse-led education intervention on bone disorder markers, adherence to phosphate binder medication and medication knowledge. Descriptive study with a paired pre-post intervention ...
Crowther Mark A - - 2013
Medical thromboprophylaxis reduces venous thromboembolism (VTE), while causing bleeding. Routine application of pharmacological VTE prophylaxis to low risk medical patients is likely to cause net harm; as a result only moderate or high risk patients should be exposed to VTE prophylaxis. To avoid unneeded exposure to VTE prophylaxis health care ...
Ryan Jonathan - - 2013
In treatment and prevention of thromboembolic events, the two major classes of anticoagulants are the antiplatelet agents and the antithrombotic agents. The antithrombotic agents have traditionally been heparin and warfarin, both of which were isolated in the 1930s, and have been used effectively since becoming commercially available in treatment and ...
Stücker M - - 2013
Compression therapy is considered to be the most important conservative treatment of venous leg ulcers. Until a few years ago, compression bandages were regarded as first-line therapy of venous leg ulcers. However, to date medical compression stockings are the first choice of treatment. With respect to compression therapy of venous ...
Cohen Harold V - - 2013
A recent occurrence in dental practice is the noting of new "blood thinners" when the clinician is reviewing a patient's medical history and medications. "Doc, I take Pradaxa or Effient or Xarelto" etc. After many years of the widespread use of aspirin and Coumadin there has appeared a new generation ...
Hale A R AR Department of Pharmacy, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2013
Current evidence to support non-medical prescribing is predominantly qualitative, with little evaluation of accuracy, safety and appropriateness. Our aim was to evaluate a new model of service for the Australia healthcare system, of inpatient medication prescribing by a pharmacist in an elective surgery preadmission clinic (PAC) against usual care, using ...
Rodriguez R A - - 2012
Safety and effectiveness of any medical therapy depends on patients taking their medication as prescribed and the extent of this is defined as medication adherence [1]. Poor medication adherence is frequently found across all types of pharmacological therapy. Estimates indicate that 28% of new prescriptions are unfilled and for patients ...
Brown Monique J MJ Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, 23238, - - 2012
Psychotropic drugs are a crucial element of treatment for psychiatric disorders; however there is an established association between many classes of psychotropic medications and fracture risk among older adults, and growing evidence that some classes of medications may also impact bone mineral density (BMD). In this paper we review recent ...
Zadik Y - - 2012
The risk of osteonecrosis in patients treated with bisphosphonates is well known and guidelines intended to prevent this complication have been established and accepted. Bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) is a unique condition in which even past administration of medication may be of current and future relevance. We ...
Schmid M M - - 2012
Little is known about hepatotoxicity associated with valproic acid (VPA), a widely used substance in neuropsychiatry.All reported cases to the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices between 1993 and 2009 of VPA-induced serious hepatic side effects were evaluated.A total of 132 cases of serious VPA-associated liver failure were ...
Pascarella Luigi - - 2012
The diagnosis and treatment of venous thromboembolic events represents a significant source of medical spending, both domestically and worldwide. Advances in medical imaging and pharmacology continue to alter and improve established treatment paradigms. In this article, we discuss venous thromboembolism etiology, diagnosis, and rationale for current and future treatment strategies.
Koç Zehra Pinar - - 2012
Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumour which is usually seen in long bones. Although the eventual treatment of this tumour is surgery, medical treatment is another option. We present the 3 years follow-up bone scintigraphy images of a patient with osteoid osteoma which show improvement by medical treatment.
King David R - - 2012
Introduction: Battlefield tourniquet use can be lifesaving, but most reports are from hospitals with knowledge gaps remaining at the forward surgical team (FST). The quality of tourniquet applications in forward settings remain unknown. The purpose of this case series is to describe observations of tourniquet use at an FST in ...
Neustadt John - - 2011
Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is an iatrogenic disease and a significant concern to patients and dentists. Bisphosphonates are used for millions of men and women with osteoporosis, with the rationale being that these medications increase bone mineral density and decrease fracture risk. Clinicians will undoubtedly encounter some patients ...
Veith W - - 2011
Phototherapy is used for the medical care of cutaneous conditions that do not respond to topical or systemic medical agents, and for conditions that require broad exposure to UV as a stabilizing agent for disease. Numerous wavelengths and delivery devices of ultraviolet light are used in childhood. This article is ...
Pereira Andreia Gomes - - 2011
Spontaneous thrombus in the ductus arteriosus (DA) is a rare condition that can be the cause of potentially fatal thromboembolism. The case of a male newborn with a thrombus in the DA is described. He was treated with anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy. Transthoracic echocardiography documented regression of the thrombus. The ...
Garay-Sevilla Ma Eugenia - - 2011
Diverse psychosocial and cultural factors are related to adherence to treatment of type 2 Diabetes mellitus (DM2) such as social support, coping styles and the cost of medical attention. To study the influence of diverse psychosocial factors on adherence to treatment in patients with DM2. In a cross sectional design ...
Arogundade R A - - 2010
Medical malpractice is a global problem of professional negligence resulting in damage or harm to a patient due to deviation from accepted standards of practice. Radiology service delivery to patients from all the four major medical disciplines and the ever increasing imaging arsenal potentially increase the incidence of adverse events ...
Becker Samuel S - - 2010
Otolaryngologists may encounter claims of medical malpractice during the course of their careers. A sample of 15 cases involving patient claims of medical malpractice relating to care delivered for problems of the nose and paranasal sinus is presented. A short summary of each case is provided, which may be useful ...
Benson Jonas S - - 2010
PURPOSE: The possibility of a medical malpractice lawsuit is present in the practice of modern day medicine. A basic knowledge of trends, monetary values and types of claims involved in urological litigation is beneficial to the practicing surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cumulative analysis of claims data from 1985 to 2007 ...
Dove James T - - 2010
Few issues elicit more emotion from physicians than medical malpractice. The very word "malpractice" implies guilt and immediately places the involved physician on the defensive. Defensive medicine adds 5% to 9% to the cost of medical care. Numerous solutions have been proposed, but special interests have blocked the implementation of ...
Simonsen Andrew R - - 2010
To examine sources of litigation following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. Analysis of malpractice claims filed after tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy provided by 16 medical liability insurance companies. Not applicable. Data was obtained from 16 members of the Physician Insurers Association of America. All claims were either filed or closed between 1985 and ...
Zientek David M - - 2010
This essay reviews and defines avoidable medical error, malpractice and complication. The relevant ethical principles pertaining to unanticipated medical outcomes are identified. In light of these principles I critically review the moral culpability of the agents in each circumstance and the resulting obligations to patients, their families, and the health ...
Fileni Adriano - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to assess the risk of medical malpractice litigation for Italian radiologists, compared with the corresponding data in the literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The insurance claims of Italian radiologists over the 1993-2006 period were anonymously assessed and classified according to the cause of the ...
Engel Eli - - 2010
The medical malpractice crisis has smoldered for many years with few new ideas regarding how to improve matters. Physicians promote limits on plaintiff noneconomic damages, but this has been ferociously resisted by the legal community. They argue that limiting remuneration to patients harmed by negligent practices is fundamentally wrong. We ...
Roberts Brandon - - 2009
This paper examines the relationship of medical malpractice litigation and medical costs in the United States. We relate medical malpractice settlements to medical costs for 190 metro and non-metro areas in the United States over a 5-year period and find that litigation is positively and significantly related to medical costs. ...
Kaplan Andrew I - - 2009
This article explores why the national court system has seen a steady influx of claims alleging practitioners' failure properly to perform vasectomy or ensure sterilization and the manner in which that influx has caused physicians to reassess their methods of practicing medicine in an increasingly litigious environment and make the ...
Madea Burkhard - - 2009
A multicentre retrospective analysis of 4450 autopsies carried out due to suspicion of medical malpractice in 17 German institutes of forensic medicine from 1990 to 2000 was performed for the German Federal Ministry of Health. During the time period analysed an increase of cases could be mentioned. The main results ...
Feld Andrew D - - 2009
All gastroenterologists are at risk of being accused of medical malpractice; few have received much training about what to do should a lawsuit occur. This article details what one can expect in a typical medical malpractice negligence claim and reviews basic relevant legal terminology. The timeline of a lawsuit is ...
Wu C-Y - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Medical malpractice litigation has become an important issue worldwide. Although many epidemiological studies have been carried out, most studies were conducted cross-sectionally in developed countries and focused on malpractice litigation. We conducted nationwide surveys to investigate physicians' experiences associated with malpractice in 1991 and 2005, respectively. METHODS: By stratified ...
Madea Burkhard - - 2009
Clear data on the epidemiology of medical malpractice are missing, at least for Germany. Especially data on the frequency of malpractice claims in penal and civil law are not available. However, from epidemiological and healthcare research some data on the frequency of adverse events (AE), preventable adverse events (PAE) and ...
Dettmeyer Reinhard - - 2009
Since decades, studies concerning medical malpractice charges in Germany were published, written by forensic pathologists and regarding lethal courses and the question of causality. Previously published studies comprise higher numbers of medical malpractice charges and determine who e.g. informed the prosecution, which clinical subjects are involved, the kind of charges ...
Lin Pyng Jing - - 2009
Our society is the only country that punishes physicians with medical malpractice by using criminal law as a routine, while most countries in this planet settle almost all medical disputes with civil action. In Taiwan, criminal suits account 79% of all medical malpractice law suits. The purpose of this trial ...
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