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Aypak Cenk C Department of Family Medicine, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Training and Research Hospital, 06110, Ankara, - - 2014
Dear Sir, Despite the availability of effective preventive and curative medications for osteoporosis (OP), and guidelines for its diagnosis and management, few individuals are treated for OP.(1) Data are scarce about the treatment practices against OP in Turkey. Our objective was to describe the patterns of use of medication for ...
Amin Alpesh A University of California, Irvine, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study evaluated differences in medical costs associated with clinical endpoints from randomized clinical trials that compared the new oral anticoagulants (NOACs), dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, and edoxaban to standard therapy for treatment of patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE). Research Design and Methods: Event rates of efficacy and safety ...
Miller Steven S Skokie Foot & Ankle Specialists, Skokie, Illinois (SM)Thrombosis and Anticoagulation Unit of Glenbrook Hospital, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Glenview, Illinois (DNG)Division of Vascular Surgery, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, Illinois (JAC) - - 2014
This review intends to provide guidance regarding perioperative management of anticoagulation and antiplatelet drug therapy as they relate to foot and ankle surgery. Venous and arterial thromboembolism are conditions in which the blood clots inappropriately, causing considerable morbidity and mortality. With an increase in awareness of thromboembolic risk factors and ...
Page Robert L RL 2nd From the Department of Clinical Pharmacy (Drs Page, Ghushchyan, and Nair), Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences; Department of Physical Medicine (Dr Page), School of Medicine, University of Colorado, Aurora; College of Business and Economics (Dr Ghushchyan), American University of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia; Integrated Benefits Institute (Dr Gifford), San Francisco, Calif; Peakstat Statistical Services (Mr Read), Evergreen, Colo; and Janssen Scientific Affairs (Dr Raut, Mr Bookhart, and Dr Naim), LLC, Raritan, - - 2014
To determine productivity loss and indirect costs with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Medical and pharmacy claims with short-term disability (STD) and long-term disability (LTD) claims from 2007 to 2010 were analyzed from the Integrated Benefits Institute's Health and Productivity Benchmarking (IBI-HPB) database (STD and LTD claims) ...
Cunningham R R Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, 02114, USA, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication of hospital admission. The incidence of hospital-acquired deep vein thrombosis is approximately 10-40 % amongst medical and general surgical patients without prophylaxis. Pulmonary embolism accounts for 5-10 % of deaths in hospitalised patients, making hospital-acquired VTE the most common preventable cause of in-hospital death. Studies ...
Voils Stacy A SA University of Florida College of Pharmacy, Gainesville, FL, USA - - 2014
Medications for prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are routinely prescribed in critically ill patients. To identify any association between missed doses of VTE prophylaxis medications and acute, in-hospital deep-vein thrombosis (DVT). Case-control study in hospitalized adult patients at high risk for developing VTE, defined as an ICU length of stay ...
Tsoi Christopher S - - 2014
The population aged 85 + - the "oldest old" - is now the fastest growing age segment in Canada. Although existing research demonstrates high health services utilization and medication burden in this population, little clinically derived evidence is available to guide care. This is a descriptive study in a primary ...
Groarke P J PJ Cappagh National Orthopaedics Hospital, Finglas, Dublin 11, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
It has been shown that doctors in Emergency Departments (EDs) have inconsistent knowledge of musculoskeletal anatomy. This is most likely due to a deficiency in focused musculoskeletal modules at undergraduate level in medical school. The aims of this study were to evaluate the knowledge of final year medical students on ...
Yun Huifeng - - 2014
Low adherence to bisphosphonate therapy is associated with increased fracture risk. Factors associated with discontinuation of osteoporosis medications have not been studied in-depth. This study assessed medication discontinuation and switching patterns among Medicare beneficiaries who were new users of bisphosphonates and evaluated factors possibly associated with discontinuation. We identified patients ...
Prandoni Paolo P Department of Medicine, Vascular Medicine Unit, University of Padua, Padua, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Hospitalized medical and surgical patients encompass a group of patients in whom venous thromboembolism (VTE) poses a major concern on morbidity and mortality. Recently, direct oral anticoagulants for the prevention of VTE have been developed to overcome the drawbacks of the food/drug interactions and the need for frequent laboratory monitoring ...
Carlson Eric R ER Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Tennessee Medical Center, University of Tennessee Cancer Institute, 1930 Alcoa Highway, Knoxville, TN 37920, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with bisphosphonate and other anti-resorptive medications (ARONJ) has historically been a poorly understood disease process in terms of its pathophysiology, prevention and treatment since it was originally described in 2003. In association with its original discovery 11 years ago, non-evidence based speculation of these issues have ...
Yates M M Ballarat Health Services, Ballarat, Victoria, Australia; School of Medicine, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, - - 2014
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality in Australia. While there is well-established evidence for the use of VTE prophylaxis in hospital inpatients, adherence to such guidelines is poor. The aim of the present study is to assess the impact of education and system change on ...
Johnston Raymond V RV Aerospace Medical Association, 320 S. Henry St., Alexandria, VA 22314, - - 2014
The suggestion that venous thromboembolism (VTE) is associated with air travel has for several decades been the subject of both "media hype" and extensive debate in the medical literature. As emotion and anecdote is often a feature in this debate, it is therefore necessary to separate evidence from anecdote. "Travelers' ...
Charlier Philippe P Section of Medical and Forensic Anthropology, UFR of Health Sciences (UVSQ/AP-HP), 2 avenue de la source de la Bièvre, 78180, Montigny-le-Bretonneux, - - 2014
Human bones and biological remains conserved in anthropological, medical, and archaeological collections are foci of ethical debate, as recently illustrated by the affair of Charles Byrne's bones. In the near future, curators will have to choose between global conservation of all (or almost all) anthropological collections and systematic restitution to ...
Vachhani Shivangi S Department of Internal Medicine, George Washington University, Washington DC, - - 2014
A 29-year-old man with no medical history presented with a left scalp abscess and left temporal oedema. He was initially started on treatment for community acquired Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus with sulfamethoxazole and trimethoprim. Over the next 2 weeks, his swelling improved; however, he continued to have localised swelling and drainage from ...
Goto Shunsuke S Division of Nephrology and Kidney Center, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine , Kobe, - - 2013
Chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) is an important risk factor in patients with CKD, and some medications for treating CKD-MBD have been recently marketed. Because assessment of health-care cost-effectiveness is growing in importance with increases in health expenditures, several cost-effectiveness analyses for new medications such as sevelamer, lanthanum ...
Salai M - - 2013
We analysed the effects of commonly used medications on human osteoblastic cell activity in vitro, specifically proliferation and tissue mineralisation. A list of medications was retrieved from the records of patients aged > 65 years filed in the database of the largest health maintenance organisation in our country (> two ...
Ajmal Adnan - - 2013
Psychotropic medications, particularly select antipsychotics, are a common cause of drug-induced hyperprolactinemia. As high prolactin may be associated with hypogonadism, reproductive dysfunction, and bone loss, it is important to recognize this condition and understand its management. The aim of this review is to evaluate the causes, signs, and symptoms associated ...
Duff Jed - - 2013
Despite the availability of evidence-based guidelines on venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention clinical audit and research reveals that hospitalised medical patients frequently receive suboptimal prophylaxis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the acceptability, utility and clinical impact of an educational outreach visit (EOV) on the provision of VTE prophylaxis ...
Pikilidou Maria I - - 2013
Vascular calcification is a phenomenon of disturbed calcium deposition, as part of the calcium that is supposed to be deposited to our bones, is lodged to our vessels. There are two forms of vascular calcification, each with a distinct anatomical distribution and clinical relevance, namely the intimal and medial calcification. ...
Waldron Tony T University College London, - - 2013
Calvin Wells was the leading palaeopathologist in the UK between the later 1950s and the early 1970s. He studied medicine at University College London but failed in anatomy and qualified in 1933 with the Conjoint Diploma (MRCS, LRCP). After qualification he began to study obstetrics and after war service in ...
Shahi F - - 2013
To assess current ultrasound scanning protocol in outpatients with suspected deep vein thrombosis (DVT), in particular whether practitioners routinely scanned calf veins. A standard questionnaire was sent out via post to all radiology departments in the United Kingdom (UK) and via the British Medical Ultrasound Society (BMUS) website in 2010. ...
Larsen Jacob M - - 2013
Recalled St Jude Medical Riata leads have a high rate of insulation failures with potential thrombogenic externalized conductors. We report a paradoxical thromboembolic stroke through a persistent foramen ovale during extraction of a lead with externalization. We suggest mandatory transesophageal echocardiography prior to extraction to screen for lead-related thrombosis and ...
Laliberté François - - 2013
Multiple daily dosing may be negatively associated with patient medication adherence; however, adherence-related data are lacking in a patient population with venous thromboembolism (VTE). To assess the adherence rates between once-daily (OD) and twice-daily (BID) dosing regimens of chronic medications in patients with VTE. We analyzed the PharMetrics Integrated Claims ...
Galanis Taki - - 2013
Effective venous thromboembolism prophylaxis in hospitalized medically-ill patients and those undergoing orthopaedic surgery remains a challenge for clinicians in the United States. Several new oral anticoagulants, which either directly inhibit the activity of thrombin or factor Xa have been developed and studied for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prevention in phase III ...
Cohen Alexander Ander T - - 2013
The risk of venous thrombosis extends for an indeterminate length of time following admission to hospital with a medical or surgical condition. Observational studies in surgery show this risk extends for months and perhaps more than one year, for medical patients the risk extends for at least several weeks. Large ...
Caronia Jonathan - - 2013
Doppler ultrasonography is a standard in diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but is often delayed. Clinician-performed focused vascular sonography (FVS) has proven to accurately diagnose DVT in the ambulatory and emergency room settings. Whether trained medical residents can perform quality FVS in the critically ill is unknown. Medical residents ...
James Robert F - - 2013
New anticoagulant and antiplatelet medications have been approved and are prescribed with increased frequency. Intracranial hemorrhage is associated with the use of these medications. Therefore, neurosurgeons need to be aware of these new medications, how they are different from their predecessors, and the strategies for the urgent reversal of their ...
Sandlin Kimberly K Moorabbin Dialysis Unit, Southern Health, Melbourne, Australia. - - 2013
Phosphate binder medication adherence is required to maintain optimal phosphate levels and minimise bone disease in people with end stage kidney disease. To examine the impact of a nurse-led education intervention on bone disorder markers, adherence to phosphate binder medication and medication knowledge. Descriptive study with a paired pre-post intervention ...
Crowther Mark A - - 2013
Medical thromboprophylaxis reduces venous thromboembolism (VTE), while causing bleeding. Routine application of pharmacological VTE prophylaxis to low risk medical patients is likely to cause net harm; as a result only moderate or high risk patients should be exposed to VTE prophylaxis. To avoid unneeded exposure to VTE prophylaxis health care ...
Ryan Jonathan - - 2013
In treatment and prevention of thromboembolic events, the two major classes of anticoagulants are the antiplatelet agents and the antithrombotic agents. The antithrombotic agents have traditionally been heparin and warfarin, both of which were isolated in the 1930s, and have been used effectively since becoming commercially available in treatment and ...
Stücker M - - 2013
Compression therapy is considered to be the most important conservative treatment of venous leg ulcers. Until a few years ago, compression bandages were regarded as first-line therapy of venous leg ulcers. However, to date medical compression stockings are the first choice of treatment. With respect to compression therapy of venous ...
Cohen Harold V - - 2013
A recent occurrence in dental practice is the noting of new "blood thinners" when the clinician is reviewing a patient's medical history and medications. "Doc, I take Pradaxa or Effient or Xarelto" etc. After many years of the widespread use of aspirin and Coumadin there has appeared a new generation ...
Hale A R AR Department of Pharmacy, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2013
Current evidence to support non-medical prescribing is predominantly qualitative, with little evaluation of accuracy, safety and appropriateness. Our aim was to evaluate a new model of service for the Australia healthcare system, of inpatient medication prescribing by a pharmacist in an elective surgery preadmission clinic (PAC) against usual care, using ...
Rodriguez R A - - 2012
Safety and effectiveness of any medical therapy depends on patients taking their medication as prescribed and the extent of this is defined as medication adherence [1]. Poor medication adherence is frequently found across all types of pharmacological therapy. Estimates indicate that 28% of new prescriptions are unfilled and for patients ...
Brown Monique J MJ Department of Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Richmond, 23238, - - 2012
Psychotropic drugs are a crucial element of treatment for psychiatric disorders; however there is an established association between many classes of psychotropic medications and fracture risk among older adults, and growing evidence that some classes of medications may also impact bone mineral density (BMD). In this paper we review recent ...
Zadik Y - - 2012
The risk of osteonecrosis in patients treated with bisphosphonates is well known and guidelines intended to prevent this complication have been established and accepted. Bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of the jaws (BRONJ) is a unique condition in which even past administration of medication may be of current and future relevance. We ...
Schmid M M - - 2012
Little is known about hepatotoxicity associated with valproic acid (VPA), a widely used substance in neuropsychiatry.All reported cases to the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices between 1993 and 2009 of VPA-induced serious hepatic side effects were evaluated.A total of 132 cases of serious VPA-associated liver failure were ...
Pascarella Luigi - - 2012
The diagnosis and treatment of venous thromboembolic events represents a significant source of medical spending, both domestically and worldwide. Advances in medical imaging and pharmacology continue to alter and improve established treatment paradigms. In this article, we discuss venous thromboembolism etiology, diagnosis, and rationale for current and future treatment strategies.
Koç Zehra Pinar - - 2012
Osteoid osteoma is a benign bone tumour which is usually seen in long bones. Although the eventual treatment of this tumour is surgery, medical treatment is another option. We present the 3 years follow-up bone scintigraphy images of a patient with osteoid osteoma which show improvement by medical treatment.
King David R - - 2012
Introduction: Battlefield tourniquet use can be lifesaving, but most reports are from hospitals with knowledge gaps remaining at the forward surgical team (FST). The quality of tourniquet applications in forward settings remain unknown. The purpose of this case series is to describe observations of tourniquet use at an FST in ...
Neustadt John - - 2011
Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is an iatrogenic disease and a significant concern to patients and dentists. Bisphosphonates are used for millions of men and women with osteoporosis, with the rationale being that these medications increase bone mineral density and decrease fracture risk. Clinicians will undoubtedly encounter some patients ...
Veith W - - 2011
Phototherapy is used for the medical care of cutaneous conditions that do not respond to topical or systemic medical agents, and for conditions that require broad exposure to UV as a stabilizing agent for disease. Numerous wavelengths and delivery devices of ultraviolet light are used in childhood. This article is ...
Pereira Andreia Gomes - - 2011
Spontaneous thrombus in the ductus arteriosus (DA) is a rare condition that can be the cause of potentially fatal thromboembolism. The case of a male newborn with a thrombus in the DA is described. He was treated with anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy. Transthoracic echocardiography documented regression of the thrombus. The ...
Garay-Sevilla Ma Eugenia - - 2011
Diverse psychosocial and cultural factors are related to adherence to treatment of type 2 Diabetes mellitus (DM2) such as social support, coping styles and the cost of medical attention. To study the influence of diverse psychosocial factors on adherence to treatment in patients with DM2. In a cross sectional design ...
Arogundade R A - - 2010
Medical malpractice is a global problem of professional negligence resulting in damage or harm to a patient due to deviation from accepted standards of practice. Radiology service delivery to patients from all the four major medical disciplines and the ever increasing imaging arsenal potentially increase the incidence of adverse events ...
Becker Samuel S - - 2010
Otolaryngologists may encounter claims of medical malpractice during the course of their careers. A sample of 15 cases involving patient claims of medical malpractice relating to care delivered for problems of the nose and paranasal sinus is presented. A short summary of each case is provided, which may be useful ...
Benson Jonas S - - 2010
PURPOSE: The possibility of a medical malpractice lawsuit is present in the practice of modern day medicine. A basic knowledge of trends, monetary values and types of claims involved in urological litigation is beneficial to the practicing surgeon. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cumulative analysis of claims data from 1985 to 2007 ...
Dove James T - - 2010
Few issues elicit more emotion from physicians than medical malpractice. The very word "malpractice" implies guilt and immediately places the involved physician on the defensive. Defensive medicine adds 5% to 9% to the cost of medical care. Numerous solutions have been proposed, but special interests have blocked the implementation of ...
Simonsen Andrew R - - 2010
To examine sources of litigation following tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy. Analysis of malpractice claims filed after tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy provided by 16 medical liability insurance companies. Not applicable. Data was obtained from 16 members of the Physician Insurers Association of America. All claims were either filed or closed between 1985 and ...
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