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Yoon Esther Y EY Division of General Pediatrics, Child Health Evaluation and Research (CHEAR) Unit, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare the use of antihypertensive medications and diagnostic tests among adolescents and young adults with primary versus secondary hypertension. We conducted retrospective cohort analysis of claims data for adolescents and young adults (12-21 years of age) with ≥3 years of insurance coverage (≥11 months/year) in a large private managed care plan during ...
Romaniuk A A Sumy State University, Medical Institute; Department of Germanic Philology, Sumy, - - 2014
This article investigates a tattoo as a component of non-verbal semiotics of medical discourse in pathological anatomy. The purpose is to estimate the diagnostic value of tattoos on the body of patients as semiotic and symbolic aspect of medical communication. Tattoos are classified into three types: image tattoos, feature tattoos, ...
Vuppalanchi Raj R Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, - - 2013
It is not known if specific characteristics of medication are associated with type of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) or outcome. We examined the relationships among select characteristics of medications and DILI phenotype and outcome. We analyzed 383 cases of DILI caused by a single orally administered prescription agent from the ...
Helling Thomas S TS *Department of Surgery, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson; and †Hepato-Biliary and Liver Transplant Center, Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, - - 2013
Born in the early 20th century, the Vietnamese surgeon Ton That Tung received his medical education in French colonial Indochina at the fledgling l'Ecole de Médecine de Hanoi, the first indigenous medical school in Southeast Asia. The benefactor of a postgraduate position at the medical school, Ton That Tung subsequently ...
Su Gloria Chun-Wei GC Lower Mainland Pharmacy Services, Vancouver General Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2013
We sought to determine and compare the prevalence of nonadherence in lung, kidney, and liver transplant recipients, and identify potential risk factors for nonadherence. This cross-sectional, single-center, retrospective cohort study, evaluated 225 outpatient lung, kidney, and liver transplant recipients' adherence to immunosuppressant medication. Based on immunosuppressant dosages and dispensing records, ...
Moses L - - 2013
Low levels of blood cholesterol have been found in some children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Psychotropic medications, commonly used by people with ASD and people with intellectual disabilities (ID) are frequently associated with altered metabolic profiles. We aimed to compare metabolic features of adults with ASD or ID with ...
Starzl Thomas E - - 2013
After graduating from high school in my birthplace hometown of LeMars, Iowa, I had a stint in the Navy (1944-1945), earned a B.A. degree in 1947 from Westminster College (Missouri), and completed 2 years of medical school at Northwestern University (1947-1949). I then dropped out to do research in neurophysiology ...
Kogan Alexander - - 2013
A 61-year-old man with a medical history of gastroesophageal reflux disease presented with complaints of gross hematuria for 2 days and occasional epistaxis for 1 week. The medication list included only ranitidine. Laboratory data showed significantly elevated prothrombin time and international normalized ratio. The liver panel was normal. On inspection, ...
Shukla Lekhansh - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Catatonia is a common presentation to psychiatric services in developing countries. Medical causes of catatonia are common and are difficult to treat. A 20-year-old woman presented with an acute illness consisting of fever, delirium, perceptual abnormalities, and catatonic state. After trials with antiviral medications, benzodiazepines, and atypical antipsychotic medications, ...
Suk Ki Tae - - 2012
Liver injury due to prescription and nonprescription medications is a growing medical, scientific, and public health problem. Worldwide, the estimated annual incidence rate of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is 13.9-24.0 per 100,000 inhabitants. DILI is one of the leading causes of acute liver failure in the US. In Korea, the ...
Wallack Madeline Carpinelli - - 2012
Summary: The Patient Safety and Clinical Pharmacy Services Collaborative (PSPC) is demonstrating improvements in the quality of care delivered by safety-net organizations through integration of clinical pharmacy services. This article describes how the PSPC is leading meaningful change in the arena of medication use in management of chronic disease.
Davis Chris - - 2012
To provide guidance to clinicians about best practices, the Wilderness Medical Society convened an expert panel to develop evidence-based guidelines for the treatment and prevention of lightning injuries. These guidelines include a review of the epidemiology of lightning strikes and recommendations for the prevention of lightning strikes, along with treatment ...
Bertram Tim - - 2012
The TERMIS-NA Industry Committee was formed to address common roadblocks (i.e., 'hurdles') in the commercialization of tissue engineering and regenerative medical products for its members. A semi-quantitative opinion survey was conducted in 2010 to delineate potentially sensitive hurdles to commercialization in each of the TERMIS constituency groups that generally participate ...
Rehani M - - 2012
International organizations play an important role in establishing roles, responsibilities and needs of medical physicists, be it for radiation protection or functional needs. The international Standards of safety (Basic Safety Standards-BSS) steered by the IAEA and the European BSS provide requirements that may be mandatory directly or indirectly. In addition, ...
Michaud Edward C EC - - 2012
The authors provide some back ground and general concepts for medical stability operations or medical civil military operations. Some novel programs were developed in northern Iraq, which have applicability to the greater military medical community. Train the trainer emergency medical technician and first aid course curriculums were developed and translated ...
Jordan D - - 2012
Medical physicists face numerous challenges that create stress in the professional workplace. The modern work environment contains multiple communications channels, such as email, smart phones, text and instant messaging, voice mail, pagers, and more. These media make it difficult to organize incoming information, set priorities, and move important work forward ...
Babcock Ben - - 2012
Job analysis surveys are a key component in validating certification examinations in the medical specialties. Few organizations, however, confirm the survey data-gathering process using external data. This article demonstrates how an organization can use data from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) to supplement job analysis survey results ...
Bastu Ercan - - 2012
In recent years, advances in spectroscopic techniques led to an increase in their medical applications. In medical sciences, emphasis is increasingly placed on instrumental techniques and accurate, quantitative measurements. It is especially apparent in diagnosis, where imaging techniques and laboratory results have became invaluable and compulsory. Breakthroughs in biochemistry made ...
Brown Dana A - - 2012
Pharmacists can be involved in many functions of the medical mission team. Particularly, they can play a large role in formulary development, acquisition of medications, and organization of medications before and during the mission trip. Important factors for consideration in formulary development and logistical planning include the group's budget; importation ...
Evans Kari L - - 2012
Introduction: Samples are widely used in office practice. It is not known how many sample medications are expired and therefore not useful to patients. We inventoried 10 sample closets in primary care offices to quantify the number of expired medications. Of the 12,581 drug packages and boxes we inventoried in ...
Al Sinawi Hamed - - 2012
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has been a common tool of assessment in both undergraduate and postgraduate medicine, and has been reported to have both higher reliability and validity over the oral exam. In addition, another advantage is that it reduces luck by standardizing both examiners and patients. This ...
Bleakley Alan - - 2012
What constitutes valid evidence from medical education research is typically grounded in the scientific paradigm of proof through experiment. Here, explanation through single meaning is privileged over exploration of multiple presentations of phenomena - in short, interpretation eclipses appreciation. This approach is challenged as reductive by naturalistic qualitative methods such ...
Osiro Stephen - - 2012
Francis Sibson (1814-1876) was a British physician and anatomist widely regarded as a true pioneer of the medical profession. He overcame a tragic and difficult childhood to become an avid educator at several medical schools and dedicated his life to research. For modern scientists, he is most remembered for describing ...
Chou Calvin L - - 2012
Background: The work of medical education is increasingly collaborative across geographical sites, sometimes spanning international borders. The success of projects depends more strongly on how meetings are led and run than variables about the task itself; therefore, excellent communication using teleconferencing technology is required. However, we found no medical literature ...
Rayburn William F - - 2012
A projected shortage of obstetrician-gynecologists prompted us to query other major national medical and surgical organizations about internal efforts to examine their specialty's physician workforce needs. We sought the experience of the top 20 academies, societies or colleges of those medical or surgical specialties. Each organization had approximately 10,000 or ...
Uzuner Ozlem - - 2012
The fifth i2b2/VA Workshop on Natural Language Processing Challenges for Clinical Records conducted a systematic review on resolution of noun phrase coreference in medical records. Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2) and the Veterans Affair (VA) Consortium for Healthcare Informatics Research (CHIR) partnered to organize the coreference challenge. ...
Lundin Susanne - - 2012
Organ trafficking is an illegal means of meeting the shortage of transplants. The activity flourishes for several interacting reasons, such as medical needs, poverty and criminality. Other factors are fundamental conceptual structures such as the dream of the regenerative body as well as the view of the body as an ...
Ravaglia Claudia - - 2012
Pleural empyema can be subdivided into 3 stages: exudative, multiloculated, and organizing. In the absence of clear septation, antibiotics plus simple drainage of pleural fluid is often sufficient treatment, whereas clear septation often requires more invasive treatment. The aim of this study was to report our experience and analyze the ...
Carrasco-Gallardo Carlos - - 2012
Shilajit is a natural substance found mainly in the Himalayas, formed for centuries by the gradual decomposition of certain plants by the action of microorganisms. It is a potent and very safe dietary supplement, restoring the energetic balance and potentially able to prevent several diseases. Recent investigations point to an ...
da Silva Jorge Vicente Lopes - - 2012
This chapter briefly describes the concepts underlying medical imaging reconstruction and the requirements for its integration with subsequent applications as BioCAD, rapid prototyping (RP), and rapid manufacturing (RM) of implants, scaffolds, or organs. As an introduction to the problem, principles related to data acquisition, enhancement, segmentation, and interpolation are discussed. ...
Dong Qin-Yun - - 2012
Wilson disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism. Diagnosis depends primarily on clinical features, biochemical parameters and the presence of the Kayser-Fleischer ring. Genetic analysis for mutations within ATP7B is a convincing diagnostic tool. The traditional treatment for WD includes chelation of excessive copper accumulation and reduction of ...
Singh Vinita - - 2012
In 2001 the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations added "requirement to disclose unanticipated outcomes" to accreditation standards. Full disclosure increases patient satisfaction and trust in physicians. Though studies suggest elements of complete disclosure, there are no national standards.
Lee Ju Ah - - 2012
The traditional Korean medical diagnoses employ pattern identification (PI), a diagnostic system that entails the comprehensive analysis of symptoms and signs. The PI needs to be standardized due to its ambiguity. Therefore, this study was performed to establish standard indicators of the PI for stroke through the traditional Korean medical ...
Patil Avinash S - - 2011
Perinatal depression is an increasingly common comorbidity of pregnancy and is associated with adverse birth outcomes. Newer classes of antidepressants have been developed with a variety of mechanisms and improved side effect profiles. There is increasing use of these medications in reproductive-aged women. Medical providers have to balance the need ...
Bleakley Alan - - 2011
Using contemporary literary sources, we explore the powerful ideological framework that normalises prescription dependency as part of everyday life, focusing upon the treatment of mood disorders. Through a literary critical methodology, we read novels by American hyperrealists such as Bret Easton Ellis, David Foster Wallace and Rick Moody as symptomatic ...
Spaderna Heike - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Medical and psychosocial factors are related to 1-year outcomes in the Waiting for a New Heart Study. With increased use of mechanical circulatory support devices (MCSD) over the course of the study, we can now evaluate these variables as predictors of MCSD in an extended follow-up. METHODS: Analyses focused ...
Macauley Robert - - 2011
BackgroundBecause opioids can suppress respiratory 2 drive, the principle of double effect (PDE) has been used to justify their use for terminally ill patients. Recent studies, however, suggest that the risk of respiratory depression in typical end-of-life (EOL) situations may be overstated and that heightened concern for this rare occurrence ...
Krishna Rakhee - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with impairments in multiple neuropsychological domains but the findings are rather inconsistent across studies. One potential reason for poor replication is the confounding influence of medications. There is limited research on neuropsychological performance in medication-naïve, never treated OCD patients. METHODS: In this study, we ...
Franklin Martin E - - 2011
The extant literature on the treatment of pediatric obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) indicates that partial response to serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) is the norm and that augmentation with short-term OCD-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) may provide additional benefit. To examine the effects of augmenting SRIs with CBT or a brief form ...
Cunningham Julie L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Many patients seeking bariatric surgery have a history of mood disorders and are actively prescribed antidepressants. While extensive documentation exists on the impact of weight loss surgery on reductions in cardiac, diabetic, and hypertensive medications, little is known about the impact of bariatric surgery on the use of antidepressant ...
Yang Chris P - - 2011
: Many drugs used in the pediatric intensive care unit are administered "off label," i.e., they have been neither thoroughly tested for efficacy and safety nor approved for use in children. The U.S. Congress has enacted legislation to promote standards and requirements for Food and Drug Administration labeling for drugs ...
Dharia Sheetal - - 2011
A Caucasian female octogenarian with multiple medical problems was admitted to the inpatient geriatric psychiatry unit with intermittent altered mental status and decline in memory. She had been hospitalized four times in the previous three months. She was admitted on more than 10 medications and received more than 20 different ...
Colón-Emeric Cathleen - - 2011
Osteoporosis frequently coexists with other chronic diseases and syndromes of aging, and therefore multimorbidity interactions can potentially complicate its evaluation and treatment. This article reviews osteoporosis comorbidity interactions with select common diseases of aging including cardiovascular, neurologic, and geriatric syndromes, and select commonly used medications by older adults. Using depression ...
Shelton Richard C - - 2011
Moderator-based treatment algorithms for depression are available to assist clinicians by providing a highly structured approach for the monitoring and assessment of medication efficacy and risks. Algorithm-based treatment strategies provide consistent care and improve outcomes, and patients treated with measurement-based care experience greater reduction of symptoms, faster remission rates, and ...
Grissinger Matthew - - 2011
Medication errors involving oral opioids have led to serious adverse events, including failure to control pain, over-sedation, respiratory depression, seizures, and death. This article will highlight medication errors that may arise during the use of opioid oral solutions, particularly concentrated formulations, and provide risk-reduction recommendations to address the potential for ...
Goldstein Tina R - - 2011
Bipolar disorder (BP) in youth is an impairing psychiatric disorder associated with high rates of relapse and recurrence. High rates of psychiatric and medical co-morbidities account for additional illness burden in pediatric BP. The elevated risk of overweight and obesity in this population is of particular concern. One of the ...
Shintani Hideharu - - 2011
There are several well-developed rapid microbiological methods now becoming available that may have useful applications in pharmaceutical and medical devices. They are ATP bioluminescence, fluorescent labeling, electrical resistance, and nucleic acid probes. In choosing to employ rapid methods, the microbiologist should examine their prospective performances against the specific requirements for ...
Goodwin Susie J - - 2011
Fracture liaison specialist nurses at our institute, perceived deficiency in the level of prescription of osteoporosis secondary prevention medication on discharge of fractured neck of femur (NOF) patients. This aspect of management was therefore audited over two cycles with the aim of evaluating and improving current practice. A prospectively maintained ...
Carroll D G - - 2011
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) reports that at least a fourth of all medication related injuries are preventable. Therefore, the IOM recommends healthcare organizations and providers implement electronic prescribing and clinical decision support systems in practices to aid in medication error prevention. To assess the impact of noninstrusive-intrusive prompts from ...
Eichstedt Julie A - - 2011
The present study compared preexisting groups of medicated and non-medicated children aged 8-13 years, with a primary diagnosis of an anxiety disorder, participating in a 12-session, manualized cognitive-behavior therapy group (GCBT). Of the 42 children, 13 (31%) were concurrently treated with Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) for anxiety while they ...
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