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Jaeger Susanne S Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy I, Ulm University, ZfP Suedwuerttemberg, Health Services Research Unit, Weissenau, Germany. - - 2014
To examine the interactions among the different dimensions of the health locus of control (HLC), the patient-doctor relationship and medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. In a cross-sectional design, 69 chronically ill schizophrenia outpatients were assessed by established self-rating scales. The statistical analyses were based on multiple regression models. Patients' ...
Guarino Salvatore S Department of Surgical Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, - - 2014
The rapid and dramatic incursion of the Internet and social networks in everyday life has revolutionised the methods of exchanging data. Web 2.0 represents the evolution of the Internet as we know it. Internet users are no longer passive receivers, and actively participate in the delivery of information. Medical education cannot ...
Sebaratnam Deshan F DF Department of Dermatology, St. George Hospital and University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Dermatology is a relatively young discipline in Australia compared to other specialities within the medical fraternity. From its humble beginnings, the profession has evolved significantly over the decades and is now represented by the Australasian College of Dermatologists which is charged with training the next generation of dermatologists and advocating ...
Raupach Tobias T Cancer Research UK Health Behaviour Research Centre, University College London, UK Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University Medical Centre Göttingen, Germany - - 2014
Smoking cessation is one of the most cost effective of all health interventions. Physicians are in a strong position to encourage smokers to make a quit attempt and help them to achieve long-term abstinence. Formal teaching on tobacco-related disease, the evidence base of smoking cessation and practical skills training regarding ...
Waldby Catherine C a Faculty of Arts, Sociology and Social Policy , University of Sydney , Sydney , - - 2014
This paper examines the relatively recent practice of non-medical egg freezing, in which women bank their eggs for later use in conceiving a child. Non-medical egg freezing has only been available for about the last five years, as new vitrification techniques have made the success rates for actual conception more ...
Musich Shirley S 1 Optum , Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate medication adherence, medical services utilization, and combined medical and pharmacy expenditures associated with diabetes and hypertension value-based insurance design (VBID) plus health/disease coaching programs implemented by a large employer. A pre/post participant versus nonparticipant study design was used to measure medication ...
Brazeau Chantal M L R CM Dr. Brazeau is professor of family medicine and psychiatry, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, New Jersey. Dr. Shanafelt is professor of medicine, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Dr. Durning is professor of medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland. Dr. Massie is professor of medicine, University of Alabama School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama. Dr. Eacker is associate professor of medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington. Dr. Moutier was professor of psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, at the time of the study. She is now chief medical officer, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, New York, New York. Mr. Satele is statistician, Mayo Clinic Department of Health Sciences Research, Rochester, Minnesota. Dr. Sloan is professor of oncology, Mayo Clinic Department of Health Sciences Research, Rochester, Minnesota. Dr. Dyrbye is professor of medicine and medical education, Department of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Many medical students experience distress during medical school. If matriculating medical students (MMSs) begin training with similar or better mental health than age-similar controls, this would support existing concerns about the negative impact of training on student well-being. The authors compared mental health indicators of MMSs versus those of a ...
Boscardin Christy K CK Dr. Boscardin is associate professor, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, California. Dr. Grbic is senior research analyst, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC. Dr. Grumbach is professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California. Dr. O'Sullivan is professor, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, San Francisco, - - 2014
The projected U.S. physician shortage will disproportionately affect underserved areas. This study examined the impact of medical school educational experiences on positive changes in and reaffirmation of students' intention to practice in underserved areas (practice intention). Medical students (n = 7,361) from 113 U.S. MD-granting medical schools who graduated in 2009-2010 ...
Caulfield Marie M Dr. Caulfield is manager of data operations and services, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC. Dr. Andolsek is professor of community and family medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina. Dr. Grbic is senior research analyst, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, DC. Ms. Roskovensky is senior database specialist, Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, - - 2014
To examine the psychometric adequacy of a tolerance for ambiguity (TFA) scale for use with medical students. Also, to examine the relationship of TFA to a variety of demographic and personal variables in a national sample of entering U.S. medical students. The authors used data from the 2013 Association of ...
Haghighi L L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Iran University of Medical Sciences , Tehran , - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of intravaginal isonicotinic acid hydrazide (INH) compared with misoprostol for cervical ripening at term. In this randomised controlled trial, 150 pregnant women, scheduled for labour induction, with Bishop's score (BS) ˂5, were recruited. They were assigned randomly to ...
Richly Pablo P Pablo Richly, Pablo López, Ezequiel Gleichgerrcht, Julián Bustin, Marcelo Cetkovich-Bakmas, INECO (Institute of Cognitive Neurology), Buenos Aires C1126AAB, - - 2014
To explore the way in which Latin American psychiatrists approach the screening of vascular risk factors in patients receiving antipsychotic medication. This was a descriptive, cross sectional study that surveyed Latin-American physicians to evaluate differences between groups divided in three main sections. The first section included demographic and professional data. ...
Wong Jessica J - - 2014
Objective : We assessed the change in attitudes, knowledge, and perspectives of medical students towards chiropractic after a 1-hour educational intervention. Methods : A mixed-methods approach was used with a 52-item cross-sectional paper survey and 1 focus group of third-year medical students. The views of these medical students towards chiropractic ...
Farris Karen B - - 2014
Pharmacists may improve medication-related outcomes during transitions of care. The aim of the Iowa Continuity of Care Study was to determine if a pharmacist case manager (PCM) providing a faxed discharge medication care plan from a tertiary care institution to primary care could improve medication appropriateness and reduce adverse events, ...
Chang Leanne L National University of Singapore, Singapore - - 2014
In this article we examine how elderly Chinese Singaporean women navigated between biomedicine and traditional Chinese medicine in their practices of maintaining well-being. We interviewed 36 elderly women to understand their negotiation of medical choices in the interplay of structure, culture, and personal agency. Our findings show that participants made ...
Daftary Rajesh K RK 1Baylor College of Medicine,Department of Pediatrics,Section of Emergency - - 2014
Introduction No standard exists for provision of care following catastrophic natural disasters. Host nations, funders, and overseeing agencies need a method to identify the most effective interventions when allocating finite resources. Measures of effectiveness are real-time indicators that can be used to link early action with downstream impact. Hypothesis Group ...
Low David D Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
The frequency at which housestaff need to assess volume status on medical inpatients is unknown. In this brief report, we invited 39 housestaff, over 13 randomly selected dates, to complete a 25-item survey. Participants (n = 31, 79%) logged a total of 455 hours, reporting 197 pages or telephone requests received regarding ...
Tong Iris L IL a Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Many U.S. medical schools have developed curricula in geriatric medicine to address the growing older adult population. At our university, we have integrated an assisted living facility (ALF) program into a required first-year clinical skills course. During academic year 2011-12, an electronic survey was distributed to 109 first-year medical ...
Gaebel Wolfgang W Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Faculty, Heinrich Heine University, LVR-Klinikum Düsseldorf, Bergische Landstrasse 2, 40629, Düsseldorf, Germany, - - 2014
The stigma of mental illness affects psychiatry as a medical profession and psychiatrists. The present study aimed to compare the extent and correlation patterns of perceived stigma in psychiatrists and general practitioners. An international multicenter survey was conducted in psychiatrists and general practitioners from twelve countries. Responses were received from ...
Staple Lauren E LE From the *Division of Emergency Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC; †Division of Emergency Medicine, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD; and ‡Division of Critical Care Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, - - 2014
Medical resuscitations of critically ill children in the emergency department are stressful events requiring a coordinated team effort. Current guidelines recommend debriefing after such events to improve future performance. Debriefing practices within pediatric emergency departments by pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows in the United States has not been studied. The ...
Tijdink Joeri K - - 2014
Although job-related burnout and its core feature emotional exhaustion are common among medical professionals and compromise job satisfaction and professional performance, they have never been systematically studied in medical professors, who have central positions in academic medicine. We performed an online nationwide survey inviting all 1206 medical professors in The ...
Park Kyung Hye KH Inje University , Republic of Korea - - 2014
Abstract Background: Previous studies on empathy in Korean medical students were conducted on small populations or with different scales of measurement, resulting in low representativeness and generalisability of the findings. Aim: To evaluate empathy in Korean medical students throughout the country and to make suggestions to improve empathy. Methods: The ...
Kawano Hiroyuki H Department of Neurology, Minamata City General Hospital and Medical Center, Minamata, Kumamoto, - - 2014
There are few studies of stroke education suitable for multidisciplinary medical personnel. A reorganization of the management of acute stroke and stroke education for multidisciplinary medical personnel started since 2013 in our hospital located in a rural area of Japan. This study aimed to examine the effect of our stroke ...
Chen Shun-Sheng SS Department of Neurology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical Center, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Kaohsiung, - - 2014
Background: A full spectrum of medical education requires not only clinical skills but also humanistic qualities in the medical professionals, which can be facilitated by an integrated training program. An integrated project was created to improve one's medical intellectual and communication competence and to enable them to become docents who ...
Agh Tamás T Syreon Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary. - - 2014
Various aspects of medication adherence and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have been studied in subjects with COPD. Nevertheless, little is known about the association between these factors. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the published literature focusing on the relationship between medication adherence ...
Drazen Jeffrey M JM Dr. Drazen is professor of medicine and chief, Division of Medical Communications, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Shields is professor of medicine and associate chief, Division of Medical Communications, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Loscalzo is professor of medicine and chair, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Excellent physician communication skills (physician-to-patient and patient-to-physician) have been found to have a positive impact on patient satisfaction and may positively affect patient health behaviors and health outcomes. Such skills are also essential for accurate, succinct, and clear peer-to-peer (physician-to-physician), physician-to-lay-public, and physician-to-media communications. These skills are not innate, however; ...
Minkin Alison A Alison Minkin, PhD, is a Psychologist, Mental Health Division, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Jill Snider-Meyer, MSW, is a Program Manager, Community-Based Programs, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Debra Olson, MSN, MHA, CPHQ, is a Deputy Program Manager, Community-Based Programs, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Susan Gresser, MS, GCNS-BC, APNP, is a Program Manager, Community Living Center, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Heather Smith, PhD, is a Lead Psychologist, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and an Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Frederick J. Kier, PhD, MSHCA, is a Division Manager, Rehabilitation, Extended and Community Care, Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and an Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
This study investigated the effectiveness of training geriatric home-based primary care (HBPC) nursing staff in motivational interviewing (MI) techniques, with the goal of increasing patient medication adherence. Nursing staff received 4 hours of training in MI techniques from a licensed psychologist. Results indicated that the MI training increased medication adherence ...
Sanchez O - - 2014
To identify contemporary work and directions required for understanding and meeting the neuropsychological needs of the estimated 45 million indigenous Latin Americans (ILAs). People from 600 ILA ethnicities make up 13% of the Latin American population. They are often rural and impoverished, and constitute 43% of global linguistic diversity (AILLA, ...
Pinals Debra A DA Dr. Pinals is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Law and Psychiatry Program, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA. Dr. Frierson is Professor and Vice Chair for Education, Department of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of South Carolina School of Medicine, Columbia, SC. - - 2014
Organizing frameworks that affect medical education include requirements for residency education set out by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), board certification requirements of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN), and requirements of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) for awarding continuing medical education ...
Drislane Frank W FW Department of Neurology, Harvard Medical School and Comprehensive Epilepsy Center, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
Ghana is a developing country in West Africa with a population of about 25 million. Medical illnesses in Ghana overlap with those in developed countries, but infection, trauma, and women's health problems are much more prominent. Medical practice in rural Africa faces extremely limited resources, a multiplicity of languages (hundreds ...
Frankenthal Dvora D Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, - - 2014
To assess the effect of a Screening Tool of Older Persons potentially inappropriate Prescriptions/Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment (STOPP/START) medication intervention on clinical and economic outcomes. Parallel-group randomized trial. Chronic care geriatric facility. Residents aged 65 and older prescribed with at least one medication (N = 359) were randomized ...
Ellington Matt M Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge cb2 2qq Cambridge United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
30 Final and penultimate year medical students at the University of Birmingham, UK underwent a "first person on scene" qualification with the local ambulance service. They subsequently spent one evening a week "on call" responding to 999 calls in their local community. On average, they responded over 3minutes faster than ...
Leggio William Joseph WJ Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz College for Emergency Medical Services of King Saud University in Riyadh,Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
This study investigated how leadership is learned in Emergency Medical Services (EMS) from a multi-national perspective by interviewing EMS providers from multiple nations working in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A phenomenological, qualitative methodology was developed and 19 EMS providers from multiple nations were interviewed in June 2013. Interview questions ...
Stojan Jennifer N JN University of Michigan , USA - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Determine postgraduate first-year (PGY-1) trainees ability to perform patient care handoffs and associated medical school training. Methods: About 173 incoming PGY-1 trainees completed an OSCE handoff station and a survey eliciting their training and confidence in conducting handoffs. Independent t-tests compared OSCE performance of trainees who reported receiving ...
Boland Lori L - - 2014
Abstract Introduction. Data on the clinical interventions performed by emergency medical responder firefighters (EMRFs) are limited outside the context of cardiac arrest. We sought to understand the broader medical role of firefighters by examining fire-ambulance arrival order and documenting specific interventions provided by firefighters with advanced EMR training. Methods. A ...
Shield Renée R RR a Warren Alpert Medical School, Brown University , Providence , Rhode Island , - - 2014
ABSTRACT Teaching professionalism is an important goal in American medical education. With the aging of the US population, it is critical to understand how medical students develop professional behaviors when caring for older adults. Exposure to geriatrics and older patients can enhance students' professional development with patients of all ages ...
Paternotte Emma - - 2014
Cultural diversity among patients presents specific challenges to physicians. Therefore, cultural diversity training is needed in medical education. In cases where strategic curriculum documents form the basis of medical training it is expected that the topic of cultural diversity is included in these documents, especially if these have been recently ...
Michael Michael M MRC Centre for Transplantation, NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, King's Health Partners, King's College London, London, United Kingdom; Department of Urology, Guy's Hospital, London, United - - 2014
Simulation-based education has evolved as a key training tool in high-risk industries such as aviation and the military. In parallel with these industries, the benefits of incorporating specialty-oriented simulation training within medical schools are vast. Adoption of simulators into medical school education programs has shown great promise and has the ...
Sridharan Sivakumar - - 2014
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have multiple comorbid conditions. Obtaining comorbidity data from medical records is cumbersome. A self-report comorbidity questionnaire is a useful alternative. Our aim in this study was to examine the predictive value of a self-report comorbidity questionnaire in terms of survival in ESRD patients. We ...
Freisthler Bridget B UCLA Department of Social Welfare, 3250 Public Affairs Building, Box 951656, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1656, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of the current study is to assess statistical associations between individual demographic and personality characteristics, the city-level physical availability of medical marijuana (as measured through densities per roadway mile of storefront dispensaries and delivery services), and the incidence and prevalence of marijuana use. Individual level data on marijuana ...
Hermanstyne Keith A KA University of California, Los Angeles Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program, 10920 Wilshire Boulevard, Suite 710, Los Angeles, CA 90024, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Methamphetamine use has been previously associated with poor medication adherence, but, to date, there have been no studies that have conducted event-level analyses on correlates of medication adherence in studies of pharmacologic agents for methamphetamine dependence. We pooled data from two previous, randomized controlled trials (using bupropion and mirtazapine, respectively) ...
Chu Yu-Wei Luke YW School of Economics and Finance, Victoria University of Wellington, RH 304, 23 Lambton Quay, Pipitea Campus, Wellington 6140, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
More and more states have passed laws that allow individuals to use marijuana for medical purposes. There is an ongoing, heated policy debate over whether these laws have increased marijuana use among non-patients. In this paper, I address that question empirically by studying marijuana possession arrests in cities from 1988 ...
Basak Ramsankar R P.O. Box 473, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701. - - 2014
Many patients receive multiple medications for the treatment of a disease. While monitoring adherence is important, a composite measure of adherence is useful for estimating adherence to multiple medications in these patients. There are multiple ways to compute composite estimates of adherence to multiple medications, including (a) 80% of days ...
Latas Milan - - 2014
Previous studies on medical students' subjective perception of health and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) showed inconclusive results. Moreover, there are no published studies to compare HRQoL of medical students to non-medical university students. The aim of the study was to assess subjective perception of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) ...
Heo Yun-Jung YJ Department of Social Medicine and Medical Humanities, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, - - 2014
This study focuses on the formation of medical education in North Korea from 1945 to 1948 in terms of the centralization of medical education, and on the process and significance of the systemization of medical education. Doctors of the past trained under the Japanese colonial system lived and worked as ...
Zaretsky Michael V MV Division of Maternal Fetal-Medicine, Colorado Institute of Maternal Fetal Health, The University of Colorado School of Medicine, Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, - - 2014
The underlying etiology of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) is unknown, but our growing understanding of the cardiovascular features of TTTS suggests this may be a disease that could respond to transplacental medical therapy. Adjunctive medical therapy in TTTS with the calcium channel blocker nifedipine has been shown to improve recipient ...
Meadow William W Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, and the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
We tested the power of clinicians' predictions that a medical ICU patient would "die before hospital discharge" for both survival to discharge and for outcomes at 6 months. We restricted our analyses to patients who had been in the medical ICU at least 72 hours and for whom we had ...
Schonberg Dana D Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx NY. Electronic address: - - 2014
We sought to evaluate the accuracy of assessing gestational age (GA) prior to first trimester medication abortion using last menstrual period (LMP) compared to ultrasound (U/S). We searched Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases through October 2013 for peer-reviewed articles comparing LMP to U/S for GA dating in abortion care. Two ...
Levesque Karine K Abbott Vascular, Rungis, - - 2014
Medical devices are characterized notably by a wide heterogeneity (from tongue depressors to hip prostheses, and from non-implantable to invasive devices), a short life cycle with recurrent incremental innovations (from 18 months to 5 years), and an operator-dependent nature. The objective of the current round table was to develop proposals and ...
Latham Will - - 2014
As consolidation sweeps over the healthcare industry, many medical groups are considering mergers with other groups as an alternative to employment. While mergers are challenging and fraught with risk, an organized approach to the merger process can dramatically increase the odds for success. Merging groups need to consider the benefits ...
Scharf Rüdiger E RE Committee of Academic Chairmen, Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy, and National Advisory Committee 'Blood' of the German Federal Ministry of Health, Berlin, - - 2014
As a consequence of the German Transfusion Act and the corresponding Hemotherapeutic Guidelines of the German Medical Association, the National Advisory Committee Blood approved a recommendation (votum 29) in 2003 to specify students' training in transfusion medicine, hemotherapy, and hemostasis. The objective of this study was to assess the current ...
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