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Li Yanhong Y Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, North - - 2014
Prognostic models, such as the Seattle Heart Failure Model (SHFM), have been developed to predict patient survival. The extent to which they predict medical resource use and costs has not been explored. In this study, we evaluated relationships between baseline SHFM scores and 1-year resource use and costs using data ...
Carter Mary W MW Gerontology Program and College of Health Professions, Towson University, Towson, Maryland, - - 2014
To investigate the long-term effect of medically serious adverse medical events (AMEs) among older adults. We linked nationally representative survey and claims data from the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (1998-2004) with non-response files (1999-2005) and the Area Resource File, providing 12 541 beneficiaries with 428 373 person-months for analysis. Latent class analysis ...
Tompkins Ronald G RG Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
This review explores the series of published analyses from Massachusetts General Hospital to better understand how changes in medical specialization of burn medicine likely enabled the most important increase in survival from burns in the past 70 years. Seventy years ago, survival from the most serious burn injuries was not ...
Santoleri Fiorenzo F General Hospital of Pescara , Pescara , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate medication adherence and persistence of patients treated with Etanercept and Adalimumab for Rheumatoid Arthritis, also giving economic evaluations on therapy costs for Received Daily Dose (RDD). Materials and methods: This retrospective study took into account 6 years from January 1, ...
Simhandl Christian C FIDMAG Research Foundation, CIBERSAM, Dr Antoni Pujadas 38, 08830 Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain - - 2014
Because randomized clinical trials in bipolar disorder include restricted study populations, the possibilities for generalizing to real-world bipolar patients are limited. Naturalistic long-term data can add valuable information about the diversity of treatment and outcome in bipolar disorder. After discharge from a psychiatric community hospital, 300 consecutively admitted patients with ...
Arenas C C Department of Small Animal Medicine, School of Veterinary Medicine, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, - - 2014
Treatment of adrenal-dependent hyperadrenocorticism (ADH) involves either surgical resection of the adrenal tumor or medical therapy. For many years, mitotane has been considered the medical treatment of choice for dogs with ADH. The aim of this study was to determine survival and prognostic factors for dogs with ADH treated with ...
Liu Baoxin B 1. Department of Cardiology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200072, - - 2014
Several social economic factors play important roles in treatments of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and finally influence the clinical outcomes. The basic social medical insurance (BSMI) is an important economic factor in China's medical system. However, the impact of BSMI on clinical outcomes in STEMI patients has not been explored ...
Mackinnon Melissa C - - 2013
Objective-To document causes of colic in equine neonates, evaluate clinical features of neonates managed medically versus surgically, determine short- and long-term survival rates for neonates with specific medical and surgical lesions, and assess ability of patients to achieve intended use. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-137 client-owned equine neonates (< 30 days ...
Jang Jae Seong JS Department of Surgery, Seoul Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2013
In Korea, the entire population must enroll in the national health insurance system, and those who are classified as having a lower socioeconomic status are supported by the medical aid system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the medical insurance status of gastric cancer patients ...
Krasniqi Xhevdet X Cardiology and Angiology Clinic, University Clinical Center of Kosova, Prishtina, Republic of - - 2013
Atrioventricular septal defect with common atrioventricular junction is a rare adult congenital cardiac syndrome. This occurrence with prolonged survival is exceptionally rare. We present the case of a patient who presented with this defect with common atrioventricular junction who survived to the age of 32. We describe a 32-year-old man ...
de Oliveira Sato Juliana - - 2013
Steroid joint injection is indicated as starting treatment for juvenile idiopathic arthritis, but its effect as single treatment has not been explored. Our aim was to estimate arthritis remission probability after single or repeated injections. Conduct a retrospective analysis of inactive arthritis status, remission on medication and remission off medication, ...
Hooper Tj - - 2013
Through necessity, military medicine has been the driver of medical innovation throughout history. The battlefield presents challenges, such as the requirement to provide care while under threat, resource limitation and prolonged evacuation times, which must be overcome to improve casualty survival. Focus must also be placed on identifying the causes, ...
Bartos Jason A JA Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, - - 2013
The ultimate goal of cardiopulmonary resuscitation is long-term neurologically intact survival. Despite numerous well-designed studies, the medications currently used in advanced cardiac life support have not demonstrated success in this regard. This review describes the novel therapeutics under investigation to improve functional recovery and survival. Whereas current medications focus on ...
Abraira Víctor - - 2013
We reviewed publications with two main objectives: to describe how survival analyses are reported across medical journal specialties and to evaluate changes in reporting across periods and journal specialties. Systematic review of clinical research articles published in 1991 and 2007, in 13 high-impact medical journals. The number of articles performing ...
Tugui Raluca Dana RD "Prof. Agrippa Ionescu" Emergency Hospital, Bucharest, - - 2013
Cerebral palsy refers to a lesion on an immature brain, that determines permanent neurological disorders. Knowing the exact cause of the disease does not alter the treatment management. The etiology is 2-2.5/1000 births and the rate is constant in the last 40-50 years because advances in medical technologies have permitted ...
Töteberg-Harms Marc - - 2013
To assess the effect of selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) following failed phacoemulsification cataract extraction combined with ab interno trabeculectomy (AIT) using the Trabectome (phaco-trabectome). Randomized, interventional case series. Retrospectively, the medical records of patients who underwent SLT between March 2010 and July 2012 by 1 surgeon at a single center ...
Kane Shawn F - - 2013
While combat survivability is at an all-time high, vets return home to private struggles with depression, PTSD, traumatic brain injury, and substance abuse. Here's how to spot these patients in civilian medical practices and the steps you can take to help them.
Hu Yinin - - 2013
Antireflux surgery remains an important treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refractory to medical management. However, there is a paucity of data on long-term surgical outcomes. The objectives of this study were to determine long-term patient satisfaction and medication dependence after antireflux surgery. We identified all patients having antireflux surgery for ...
Dunkley Kisha A - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of hypoxic respiratory failure that RESULTS: To determine if the use of inhaled epoprostenol produced a 10% or greater increase in the ratio of arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) to fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) in ARDS patients and to review ...
Holland Seth R - - 2013
Determine if a higher level of Army flight medic (AFM) training was associated with improved physiological state on arrival to a combat support hospital (CSH). A retrospective study comparing casualties who were evacuated by two AFM units with only Emergency Medical Technicians-Basic (EMT-Bs) to an Army National Guard unit with ...
Collado Megan - - 2013
Key findings. (1) Value-based insurance design (VBID) improves medication adherence by 1 to 3 percent in the first year after implementation (2) Improvements in adherence were sustained and amplified in the second year post-implementation, ranging from 2 to 5 percent (3) Adherence improvements varied ac­cording to VBID participants' baseline adherence, ...
Qin Yong-Lin - - 2013
This study sought to evaluate the early and long-term effect of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) on type-B acute aortic dissection (AAD). Uncomplicated type-B AAD is generally treated with medical management; complicated dissections require surgery or TEVAR. Studies have demonstrated that long-term outcomes with medical management are suboptimal. Therefore, we ...
Stewart David B - - 2013
AIM: It is unclear whether colectomy for fulminant C. difficile colitis (FCDC) leads to a improvement in survival compared with continued medical therapy for this moribund population. METHOD: Selected studies from 1994-2010 were identified through a comprehensive search theme applied to MEDLINE (OvidSP and PubMed), EMBASE and by hand searching. ...
Dobesova O - - 2012
The medical records of 28 horses with guttural pouch mycosis were reviewed. The most commonly observed clinical signs were nasal discharge, epistaxis, dysphagia and/or cough. All 28 horses had the disease unilaterally, however, in five of them, it had spread into the contralateral pouch via the mesial septum. Three horses ...
Dank G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: A follow-up, retrospective study to determine whether the proportion of discrepancies between clinical and pathological diagnoses made during 2009, 1999 and 1989 and the proportion of dogs necropsied have changed. METHODS: Medical records of 148 hospitalised dogs that died or were euthanased in a veterinary medical teaching hospital during ...
Mair Peter - - 2012
BACKGROUND: In the European Alps emergency medical helicopter services are regularly involved in avalanche rescue missions. How the helicopter emergency medical system best supports avalanche rescue missions is controversial. AIM OF THE STUDY: To study advantages and limitations of the early dispatch of emergency medical helicopters after avalanche accidents. METHODS: ...
Rosén Robert - - 2012
In 1971, Rempt et al. reported peripheral refraction patterns (skiagrams) along the horizontal visual field in 442 people. Later in the same year, Hoogerheide et al. used skiagrams in combination with medical records to relate skiagrams in emmetropes and hyperopes to progression of myopia in young adults. The two articles ...
Horesh Netta - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The study of near-fatal suicide attempts may provide insight into the minds of suicidal subjects. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship of intent and lethality in medically serious and medically non-serious suicide attempts and to examine relationship of specific psychological and clinical variables with the ...
Holmes Alex - - 2011
Objective: The ?hypothesis-driven interview? was articulated by George Engel as a method of raising and testing hypotheses in the process of building a biopsychosocial formulation and determining the most likely diagnosis. This interview was a forerunner of the modern medical interview as well as the contemporary psychiatric assessment. The objective ...
Silverman Howard - - 2011
Health information technology is an essential component of current medical practice, and federal initiatives to promote the further adoption of these technologies are under way. Therefore, it is increasingly important that medical students receive training in the use of these technologies and become familiar with the discipline of biomedical informatics ...
Oriji V K - - 2011
Background: The contraceptive prevalence in our environment is very low with attendant increase in unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The use of emergency contraception (EC) in women with unprotected intercourse could be the only option that can avoid the unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion. Objective: The objective was to assess ...
Reiner Bruce I - - 2011
The pioneering work performed in the social sciences on diffusion of innovation can be applied to medical imaging and shed valuable insights as to how innovation is analyzed and adopted within the population of end-users. Successful innovation must take into account unique stakeholder differences, changes in communication and social interactions, ...
Jack Andrew - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utilisation of diagnostic imaging (radiology) as a department and/or imaging medium in the teaching of anatomy at the Canadian undergraduate medical education level. METHODS: The study objectives were achieved through the use of a questionnaire and a literature review. The anatomy department head at each English-based ...
Castrén M - - 2011
As a part of the chain of survival, the emergency medical communication centre (EMCC) and the emergency medical dispatcher (EMD) has an important role in early identification of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCA). The EMD may provide instructions to the caller and thereby initiate cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a substantial number of ...
Campbell L A - - 2011
Medical examiners' records can contribute to our understanding of the extent of suicide in a population, as well as associated sociodemographic and other factors. Using a mixed methods approach, the key objective of this pilot study was to determine the sources and types of information found in the Nova Scotia ...
Hanson Anne H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The number and variety of dermatological medical resources available online has grown exponentially over the past decade. Internet-based resources allow for immediate and easy access to information for both medical education and reference purposes. Although clinicians continue to turn to the Internet for clinical information and still images, tech-savvy ...
Strickland Sophie Lm - - 2011
Objective To explore attitudes towards conscientious objections among medical students in the UK. Methods Medical students at St George's University of London, Cardiff University, King's College London and Leeds University were emailed a link to an anonymous online questionnaire, hosted by an online survey company. The questionnaire contained nine questions. ...
Overstreet Karen M - - 2011
PURPOSE:: To enhance the clinician's competence in preparing and writing a continuing medical education (CME) article. TARGET AUDIENCE:: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians with an interest in writing about skin and wound care. OBJECTIVES:: After completing this activity, healthcare professionals should be better able to: ABSTRACT: This ...
Radmacher P G - - 2011
Objective:Once critically ill, preterm infants have transitioned to enteral or oral feedings, it is common to mix oral medications with milk feedings. The osmolality of oral and intravenous drugs were tested in the 1980s and many were found to exceed the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommended limit (400 mOsm kg(-1) H(2)O). ...
Kochevar John - - 2011
Little is known about electronic medical record (EMR) use in small dialysis organizations (SDOs). The objective was to determine the prevalence of EMRs in SDOs in the United States. A random sample telephone survey of SDOs was conducted in October, 2008. Approximately 60.7% of the facilities was found to be ...
Handel Daniel A - - 2011
Previous studies within the aeromedical literature have looked at factors associated with fatal outcomes in helicopter medical transport, but no analysis has been conducted on fixed-wing aeromedical flights. The purpose of this study was to look at fatality rates in fixed-wing aeromedical transport and compare them with general aviation and ...
Patanwala Asad E - - 2011
Objectives  The objective of this study was to evaluate the severity and probability of harm of medication errors (MEs) intercepted by an emergency department pharmacist. The phases of the medication-use process where MEs were most likely to be intercepted were determined. Methods  The emergency department was staffed with a full-time ...
Poirot-Mazères Isabelle - - 2011
The major breakthroughs achieved in nanotechnologies open new avenues in the field of healthcare--aid to diagnosis, upgrading medical treatment efficacy, development of regenerative medicine--but they are also associated with risks, hence the increasing need of legislation. So far very little research work has been conducted on this technology whose applications ...
Kesselheim Aaron S - - 2011
Despite their medical school diplomas, medical interns and residents are not yet full-fledged physicians. But does it follow that interns and residents should still be considered students? Some in the medical profession think so. In recent years, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) has sought to limit residents' ...
Touloupakis Eleftherios - - 2011
Garlic is one of world s oldest medicines that have been employed not only for flavouring but also as a medical herb for its prophylactic and therapeutic actions. Most of garlic beneficial effects are due to the presence of the organosulphate molecule allicin. Allicin is a highly unstable molecule and, ...
Ghias Kulsoom - - 2011
The 5-year undergraduate medical curriculum at Aga Khan University integrates basic sciences with clinical and community health sciences. Multimodal strategies of teaching and learning, with an emphasis on problem-based learning, are utilized to equip students with knowledge, skills, behaviours, attitudes and values necessary for a high-calibre medical graduate. Bioethics teaching ...
Kobayashi Masaki - - 2011
In Japan, various types of MRI equipment, having varying magnetic field strengths, are widely used. However, the biggest problem encountered while utilizing an MRI is the scarcity of information and guidelines pertaining to implants, internal, and external metallic objects. This leads to uncertainty when an unspecified object is encountered during ...
Lin Zhicheng - - 2011
Transporters of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine have been empirically used as medication targets for several mental illnesses in the last decades. These protein-targeted medications are effective only for subpopulations of patients with transporter-related brain disorders. Since the cDNA clonings in early 1990s, molecular studies of these transporters have revealed a ...
Koffi-Tessio Annick Viwalé - - 2010
A study has been carried out by Togolese medical doctors in order to determine the perceived and the real life of their profession. The study, which was transversal, has taken in account a sample of 52 medical doctors made on the basis of a cautious choice. Most of these medical ...
Mazboudi Mostafa - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Analysis of biomedical publications of a country is used to monitor research trends which leads to a better formulation of health policy planning and management. AIM: We sought to describe the Lebanese medical publications productivity over a 20 years period from 1985 to 2004. METHODS: Medline's database was consulted ...
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