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Byard Roger W RW The University of Adelaide Medical School, Frome Road, Adelaide, SA, 5005, Australia; Forensic Science SA, 21 Divett Place, Adelaide, SA, 5000, - - 2014
Pica is characterized by the persistent eating of non-nutritive substances over some time that is inappropriate for the maturation stage of the individual and is not culturally sanctioned. A 9-year-old boy with Goldenhar syndrome, significant developmental delay and pica, collapsed and died after a short history of diarrhea and vomiting. ...
Lee Kwang Jae KJ Department of Gastroenterology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon, - - 2014
Colonic pseudo-obstruction (CPO) is defined as marked colonic distension in the absence of mechanical obstruction. We aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of CPO and the factors associated with the response to medical treatment by using a multicenter database in Korea. CPO was diagnosed as colonic dilatation without mechanical obstruction ...
Sandler Niklas - - 2013
The use of three-dimensional (3D) printing technologies is transforming the way that materials are turned into functional devices. We demonstrate in the current study the incorporation of anti-microbial nitrofurantoin in a polymer carrier material and subsequent 3D printing of a model structure, which resulted in an inhibition of biofilm colonization. ...
Kushnir Vladimir M - - 2013
Suboptimal colon preparation is a significant barrier to quality colonoscopy. The impact of pharmacologic agents associated with gastrointestinal dysmotility on quality of colon preparation has not been well characterized. Evaluate impact of opiate pain medication and psychoactive medications on colon preparation quality in outpatients undergoing colonoscopy. Outpatients undergoing colonoscopy at ...
Reshamwala Alice - - 2013
Background Nosocomial infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms are commonly associated with longer hospital stays up to 12 to 18 days and annual estimated costs of $5.7 billion to $6.8 billion. One common mode of transmission is cross-contamination between patients and providers via surface contaminants on devices such as telemetry systems. ...
Tran Phong A - - 2013
Bacteria colonization on medical devices remains one of the most serious complications following implantation. Traditional antibiotic treatment has proven ineffective, creating an increasingly high number of drug-resistant bacteria. Polymeric medical devices represent a significant portion of the total medical devices used today due to their excellent mechanical properties (such as ...
Trépanier Pascale P Service de Microbiologie-Infectiologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec, Hôtel-Dieu de Québec, Québec City, - - 2013
Medical residents may be at risk of becoming colonized by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) during their training. The occupational risk of this specific population is unknown. Furthermore, there are no data regarding MRSA colonization among health care professionals in Quebec. To determine the MRSA colonization rate in Laval University (Quebec ...
Kwakman Paulus H - - 2012
ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) associated with short-term central venous catheters (CVC) in intensive care unit (ICU) patients are a major clinical problem. Bacterial colonization of the skin at the CVC insertion site is an important etiological factor for CRBSI. The aim of this study was to assess the ...
Tan Eu Jin EJ Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore. - - 2013
Patients on psychotropic medications have been clinically observed to have higher rates of abnormal colonic architecture resulting in difficult colonoscopies. This study aims to determine if a correlation between use of psychotropic medications and colonic architectural change seen on colonoscopy exists. A retrospective case-control study was undertaken with 252 adults ...
Nayak S B - - 2012
Sigmoid colon is one of the most variable parts of the large intestine. Here we report a very rare type of variation of the sigmoid colon. This variation was observed during the routine dissections for undergraduate medical students at Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus) India in September 2012. In ...
Butterfield J H - - 2012
Treatment of the hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) has advanced rapidly and prevention of end organ damage previously associated with the disorders is now possible in most patients who have had a timely diagnosis. Tried and true medications such as prednisone, hydroxyurea, and interferon-alpha (IFN-aα) continue to play a valuable role in ...
Robertson Lisa L Department of Clinical Genetics, Sheffield Children's Hospital, Sheffield UK S10 2TH; Neurogenetics and Rare Diseases Centre, IRCCS Neuromed, Pozzilli (IS), Italy.; University of Cambridge; Department of Clinical Neurophysiology, Institute of Psychiatry and Naurology, Warsaw, Poland and Dept. of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm, - - 2012
Background: The clinical presentation of Juvenile Huntington's Disease (JHD) can be very different from adult-onset HD with little evidence to guide symptomatic management.Aim: To survey the current use of pharmacological treatments for JHD.Methods: Patients were identified through the HD Association, Hospital Doctors and the European Huntington's Disease Network REGISTRY study.Results: ...
Sautour M - - 2012
Study of the spatio-temporal fungal colonization in a new medical mycology laboratory. A 17-month survey of airborne fungal contamination was conducted in a new medical mycology laboratory at a tertiary care university hospital. This survey was implemented at three different periods: before the new premises were occupied (period A), during ...
Sayed Mazen El - - 2011
Abstract Background. On July 12, 2010, Boston Medical Center (BMC), the busiest emergency department (ED) in Massachusetts, with more than 100,000 adult patient visits per year, consolidated its two fully functional EDs into one. In preparation for this consolidation, BMC implemented systems changes to mitigate potential negative effects on both ...
Tureci Ercan - - 2011
For patients with epilepsy, anti-epileptic medication is generally the first line of treatment, but treating pregnant women with epilepsy can be a challenge. Standard anti-epileptic medications have caused developmental abnormalities, so much effort has been put into developing antiepileptic medications with minimal teratogenic effects. In this experimental study, the new-generation ...
Ulusoy Hatice - - 2011
Medical Education 2011 Objectives  Sexual harassment in medical education has been studied in the Americas, Europe and Asia; however, little is known about sexual harassment in Middle Eastern cultures. Our initial aim was to describe the sexual harassment of female doctors-in-training by male patients and their relatives in Turkey. During ...
Steinert Yvonne - - 2011
The 2020 Vision of Faculty Development Across the Medical Education Continuum conference, and the resulting articles in this issue, addressed a number of topics related to the future of faculty development. Focusing primarily on the development of faculty members as teachers, conference participants debated issues related to core teaching competencies, ...
Prichard David - - 2011
Background: International experience has demonstrated that the medical profession is becoming less dominated by men. This "feminization of medicine" has been a topic of much debate in the medical literature. As the gender ratio in the profession changes, it is likely that a greater proportion of undergraduate education will be ...
Hewage S N - - 2011
To examine the validity of selected entry level characteristics in relation to the GCE A/L examination as independent predictors of performance of students in medical school. A retrospective, analytical study was done at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Kelaniya. Student characteristics at entry were described by sex, the average ...
Yeh Jin-Tsann - - 2011
Studies indicate mental health improvement can occur via religious communities offering social support and other resources. Many people from many cultures regard medicine as a supernatural or magical treatment that can somehow lead to a better state of living. In medical advertising, female role portrayal involves the blending of beauty, ...
Ajmal Fozia - - 2011
Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding sexuality, high risk sexual behaviors and methods of contraception, among college/university students of Karachi, Pakistan. Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Higher Education Commission-recognized government and private colleges/universities in Karachi from 2005-2006. Methodology: Two colleges/universities were randomly ...
Beccalossi Chiara - - 2011
This article examines the ways in which female same-sex desires were represented across a range of nineteenth-century European medical writings. While recognizing the conceptual innovations of the late-nineteenth-century psychiatric idea of "sexual inversion," it argues that the category of "sexual invert" was positioned alongside other medical representations of same-sex desires, ...
Mathews Ben - - 2011
The issue of whether medical practitioners should perform "ritual nicks" as a method of meeting demand for female genital mutilation (FGM) has recently been debated in the United States and Australia. Due to increasing numbers of people arriving and settling in Australia from African nations in which FGM is customary, ...
Mandlis Lane R - - 2011
By probing the processes of exclusion of transsexuals from the political sphere, this article offers contributions to social and political theory through an examination of the processes of exclusion from the category "human." This article considers how the erasure of investment in their own embodied sex constructs a platform from ...
Hulden Lena - - 2011
After the Great Northern War in 1721, Sweden ceased to be an important military power. Instead, the kingdom concentrated on developing science. Swedish research got international fame with names as Carolus Linnaeus, Pehr Wargentin and Anders Celsius. Medical research remained limited and malaria was common especially in the coastal area ...
Rittenberg Vivian - - 2010
Although male factors contribute to approximately half of all cases of infertility, no specific cause can be found to explain the majority of abnormalities found in semen parameters. Specific and effective medical treatment is restricted to rare endocrine disorders. As a consequence, various empirical medical treatments are often used to ...
Galbraith Erin M - - 2010
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) remains a major cause of in-hospital morbidity and mortality. Effective DVT prophylaxis is available but underutilized. We sought to describe physician understanding of DVT epidemiology and prophylaxis practices. All medical and surgical residents, and hospitalist attendings were invited to participate in an on-line survey. Physicians were ...
Porter Keith M - - 2010
Prehospital surgical amputations are rarely necessary. This paper gives a historical perspective, the indications and contraindications for limb amputations, and details a simple technique for both surgeons and non-surgically qualified medical personnel.
Chard Robin - - 2010
THIS MONTH: Advance preparation of IV fluids and IV fluid hang time Key words: IV fluid preparation, medication administration, aseptic technique. Medication reconciliation across the continuum of care Key words: National Patient Safety Goals, medication reconciliation. Preventing pressure ulcer development in surgical patients Key words: perioperative pressure ulcers, pressure ulcer ...
Shockman Soloman - - 2010
Keloids and hypertrophic scars are abnormal responses to wound healing. In general, keloids may exhibit proliferative growth beyond the margins of the scar and will remain persistent; whereas hypertrophic scars will stay contained to the original wound and may regress over time. The authors will discuss the five different types ...
Higgins James P - - 2010
Vascular insufficiency of the upper extremity can be due to acute vascular injury, chronic vasospastic disease, and occlusive disease. Its treatment requires a thorough understanding of the vascular anatomy of the upper extremity, diagnostic modalities, and medical and surgical management options. Promising advances continue to be made in surgical treatment ...
Ragab Sameh M - - 2010
To conduct the first prospective randomized controlled trial, evaluating and comparing the effect of medical and surgical treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) on quality of life. Ninety patients with CRS, who remained symptomatic after initial medical treatment with Dexarhinaspray duo and nasal douche, were randomized either to medical or surgical ...
Wassenaar Eelco B EB Center for Videoendoscopic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, United - - 2010
Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a change in the esophageal mucosa as a result of long-standing gastroesophageal reflux disease. The importance of BE is that it is the main risk factor for the development of esophageal adenocarcinoma, whose incidence is currently growing faster than any other cancer in the Western world. ...
Chen Cheryl Chia-Hui - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of common geriatric conditions in a tertiary medical center. We conducted a cross-sectional, hospital-wide survey of 455 inpatients, aged 65 and older, from 24 medical and surgical units of a 2200-bed urban academic medical center in Taiwan. Patients were screened ...
Bazrafshan E - - 2011
Medical waste management has not received enough attention in recent decades in Iran, as is the case in most economically developing countries. This study investigated the quantities, generation rate, quality and composition of medial waste generated by hospitals in Sistan and Baluchestan province in Iran. A comprehensive inspection survey was ...
McAlpine Donald E DE Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, Mayo Clinic Rochester, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. - - 2010
Obesity is a public health epidemic with medical, psychological and economic consequences. It continues to increase globally in prevalence and severity. Despite numerous behaviourally, medically or pharmacologically guided treatments, an effective non-surgical long-term treatment approach has not been identified. Bariatric surgery has surfaced as a viable option for a subset ...
Conrardy Julie - - 2010
Medical waste is a necessary by-product of any hospital environment; however, the majority of regulated medical waste is produced in the OR from the use of disposable surgical supplies (eg, drapes, gowns, basins, gloves, sponges). We conducted a concept comparison project in the ORs of two large medical centers in ...
DeMarcantonio Michael A - - 2010
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a condition characterized by persistent inflammation due to intrinsic mucosal hypersensitivity or persistent infection. Proper medical treatment with antibiotic, leukotriene modifiers, oral corticosteroids, or even aspirin desensitization for the sinus inflammation can prevent the need for surgical intervention. The key to delineating the specific medical application ...
Greenhalgh Stephen N - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To compare survival of dogs with a congenital portosystemic shunt (CPSS) that received medical or surgical treatment. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. ANIMALS: 126 client-owned dogs with a single CPSS. PROCEDURES: Dogs were examined at 1 of 3 referral clinics, and a single CPSS was diagnosed in each. Dogs received ...
Khalil Basem A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vesicoureteric reflux is usually managed medically. When medical management fails, the patient is referred for surgical intervention. The aim is to protect the kidneys from progressive damage. This study investigates if significant kidney damage has occurred during medical treatment prior to surgical intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Case notes of ...
Kim-Hwang Judy E - - 2010
Poor communication between referring clinicians and specialists may lead to inefficient use of specialist services. San Francisco General Hospital implemented an electronic referral system (eReferral) that facilitates iterative pre-visit communication between referring and specialty clinicians to improve the referral process. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact ...
Bal Bikram - - 2010
The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported that over 40% of the US population is overweight. The average weight loss attained by medical management programs is neither sufficient nor durable enough to treat medically complicated obesity. An estimated 220,000 bariatric procedures ...
Kashyap Sangeeta R - - 2010
Obesity and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are closely interrelated, and are two of the most common chronic, debilitating diseases worldwide. Surgical approaches to weight loss (bariatric surgery) result in marked improvement of T2DM, however randomized trials directly comparing the efficacy of surgical and medical approaches are lacking. The Surgical ...
Neff Laura L - - 2010
Consistency of photographic documentation is essential for facial plastic surgery, a visual surgical subspecialty. Photographs are often used to validate surgical outcomes but have many other uses including education, publication, and marketing. Utilization of a properly equipped medical portrait studio will dramatically increase the quality of photographic images. In this ...
Paolone David R - - 2010
This article reviews the epidemiology of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), evaluation of patients with lower urinary tract symptomatology (LUTS), and management of patients with BPH and LUTS. The evaluation includes history and physical examination, laboratory testing, and specialized studies. The management includes medical and surgical options. Medical options include alpha-1-adrenergic ...
Becker Daniel G - - 2010
Often, rhinoplasty patients present not just for aesthetic correction, but for improvement of their nasal breathing due to functional abnormalities or problems. Because the aesthetic and functional problems must be addressed together, an understanding of both the internal and external anatomy is essential. In this article, the authors review the ...
Kaicher David C - - 2010
Circumcision is the only surgical procedure imbued with multiple sacred meanings across many cultures. Though countless medical benefits have been attributed to circumcision, it is an operation that historically has had greater symbolic significance than medical utility. We examine how the symbolic significance of circumcision influences how it is performed ...
Lock C - - 2010
To examine the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of tonsillectomy/adeno-tonsillectomy in children aged 4-15 years with recurrent sore throats in comparison with standard non-surgical management. A pragmatic randomised controlled trial with economic analysis comparing surgical intervention with conventional medical treatment in children with recurrent sore throats (trial) and a parallel non-randomised ...
Javsicas Laura H - - 2010
To determine outcome after medical or surgical treatment of postpartum mares with confirmed or presumptive uterine tears. Case series. Postpartum mares were included if foaling had occurred within 7 days and uterine tear was confirmed surgically or, in medically treated mares, by palpation or presumed based on peritonitis. Information (age, ...
Bakaeen Faisal G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: We examined factors affecting the choice of surgical versus medical treatment of severe aortic stenosis and evaluated associated patient survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from all patients diagnosed with severe aortic stenosis at a Veterans Affairs medical facility between January 1997 and April 2008. RESULTS: Of 345 patients ...
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