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Gill J R JR New York City Office of Chief Medical Examiner, New York, NY, USA; Department of Forensic Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current death certification system in the USA fails to accurately track deaths due to adverse medical events. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the under-reporting of deaths due to adverse medical events due to limitations in the current death certification/reporting system, and the benefits of using the ...
Cheng Jacklyn J Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA, - - 2014
Because there is no current information on medical student suicides, the authors surveyed US medical schools about deaths by suicide of medical students from June 2006 to July 2011. In spring through summer of 2012, the authors sent electronic surveys to the 133 accredited US allopathic medical schools at the ...
Oroei Mahbobeh M Student Research Committee, Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Medical waste management is a major concern for healthcare facilities. One important element is the segregation of infectious waste from domestic, non-infectious waste. The aim of this qualitative study was to identify factors that negatively affect proper segregation at Nemazee Hospital, which is affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. ...
Olarinde O J OJ Department of Internal Medicine, Federal Medical Centre, Cardiac Centre, Ido-Ekiti Ekiti State, - - 2014
Objective: To determine the basic demographic patterns and the frequency of medical causes of deaths in medical wards of a tertiary health center located in a rural community of Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of patients' records admitted into medical wards of the Federal Medical Centre Ido-Ekiti, Ekiti ...
Kleinman Nathan L NL From HCMS Group LLC (Dr Kleinman and Ms Atkinson), Cheyenne, Wyo; and Pfizer Inc (Ms Chen and Drs Odell and Zou), New York, - - 2014
Quantify incremental employee medical, pharmacy, sick leave, short- and long-term disability, and workers' compensation costs, absence days, and turnover associated with urge urinary incontinence (UUI) in employees. This retrospective 2001-2011 database comparison of employees with UUI versus those without UUI (controls) included employees aged 18.5 to 64.0 years at index, ...
Bai Ya Na YN College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, China; School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, Gansu, - - 2014
There are more than 50 000 workers in Jinchuan Group Co, Ltd (JNMC). Since all staff in JNMC are eligible for a medical examination every two years, only 23 484 nickel-exposed subjects who participated in medical examination were included in this study. Their data, collected from June 22, 2011 to ...
Rühli F J - - 2014
King Tutankhamun is one of the most famous rulers of antiquity,thus it is not surprising that a plethora of scientific studies have put forth possible medical diagnoses and causes of his death. Diseases(autologous or infectious), metabolic disorders, trauma (possibly even murder-related), or tumorous conditions have been postulated, frequently only based ...
Zeggwagh Amine Ali AA Medical Intensive Care Unit, Hospital Ibn Sina of Rabat, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, University Mohammed V Souissi, Rabat, - - 2014
To determine the incidence and characteristics of preventable in-ICU deaths. A one-year observational study was conducted in a medical ICU of a teaching hospital. All patients who died in medical ICU beyond 24 h were analyzed and reviewed during daily medical meeting. A death was considered preventable when it would ...
Yasui Shojiro S a Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan, Department of Occupational Safety and Health , 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki , Chiyoda-ku , 100-8988 , - - 2014
ABSTRACT During the emergency work at the Fukushima Daiichi Atomic Power Plant (APP), the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) and the Japanese government experienced various problems in health care management issues, including special medical examinations, on-site triage and initial treatment, patient transportation, lodging and foods and long-term healthcare for emergency ...
Suzuki Hideto H Tokyo Medical Examiner's Office, Tokyo Metropolitan - - 2014
Background: Annually, about 400 cases of sudden unexpected death are attributed to cancer in Tokyo, Japan. These individuals may have been undiagnosed, or their medical conditions may not have been carefully evaluated before death. We examined medical consultations, cancer diagnoses, and economic status of all cancer deaths investigated by medical ...
Bible Jesse E - - 2014
A physician's role within a workers' compensation injury extends far beyond just evaluation and treatment with several socioeconomic and psychological factors at play when compared to similar injuries occurring outside of the workplace. Although workers' compensation statutes vary among states, all have several basic features with the overall goal of ...
Kleinman Nathan N From the Human Capital Management Services Group (Dr Kleinman and Ms Andersen), Cheyenne, Wyo; and Eisai Inc (Drs Abouzaid, Wang, and Powers), Woodcliff Lake, - - 2014
Quantify the impact of employee overweight and obesity on costs, absence days, and self-reported productivity. Employees' retrospective body mass index (BMI) values (kg/m) from 2003 to 2011 health appraisal data defined three cohorts: BMI < 27, 27 ≤ BMI < 30, BMI ≥ 30. Medical, pharmacy, sick leave, short-term disability, ...
Al-Azzam Sayer I SI 1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, - - 2014
/st>To evaluate the compliance of healthcare workers with standard safety guidelines during the preparation and administrations of antineoplastic medications. /st>A cross-sectional survey study. /st>All hospitals in Jordan where healthcare workers are involved in preparation and administration of antineoplastic medications.ParticipantsAll healthcare workers who are involved in preparation and administration of antineoplastic ...
Negin Joel - - 2013
Provide an up-to-date national picture of the medical, midwifery and nursing workforce distribution in Australia with a focus on overseas immigration and on production sustainability challenges. Using 2006 and 2011 Australian census data, analysis was conducted on medical practitioners (doctors) and on midwifery and nursing professionals. Of the 70,231 medical ...
Wu Jia-Rong JR The School of Nursing, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, - - 2013
To determine whether a single-item self-report medication adherence question predicts hospitalisation and death in patients with heart failure. Poor medication adherence is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Having a simple means of identifying suboptimal medication adherence could help identify at-risk patients for interventions. We performed a prospective cohort study ...
Potts Michael - - 2013
Recently, several articles in the scholarly literature on medical ethics proclaim the need for "responsible scholarship" in the debate over the proper criteria for death, in which "responsible scholarship" is defined in terms of support for current neurological criteria for death. In a recent article, James M. DuBois is concerned ...
Asfaw Abay - - 2013
Previous research suggests that non-workers' compensation (WC) insurance systems, such as group health insurance (GHI), Medicare, or Medicaid, at least partially cover work-related injury and illness costs. This study further examined GHI utilization and costs. Using two-part model, we compared those outcomes immediately after injuries for which accepted WC medical ...
Steele Sarah S Christ's College, University of Cambridge. - - 2013
Travel for euthanasia or assisted suicide--so-called "death tourism"--is a controversial emerging subset of medical travel. Both anecdotal reports and research indicate that individuals from around the world, including Australians, are travelling abroad to source medications or procedures that hasten death. This article surveys the laws that govern these markets, and ...
Mohseni Saravi Beyamin B Health information Management Office, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Mazandaran, - - 2013
Work absenteeism is a significant issue and can be observed in terms of human resources management. Given the importance of staff practices, which are anticipated in every organization, the role of each employee in this system and the implications of their absence as well as the importance of recovery time ...
Amrollahi-Sharifabadi Mohammad - - 2013
Colchicine poisoning can occur not only by taking dosage form but also by ingesting a plant containing colchicine. A 39-year-old man presented to the emergency room with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea 9 hours after ingestion of wild garlic. Symptoms attributed to food poisoning, and he received supportive cares and discharged. ...
O'Donnell Michael P - - 2013
Expanding Medicaid eligibility to all of the 13 million U.S. citizens who do not have medical insurance and earn up to 138% of poverty is projected to reduce their annual death rate 30% and prevent 44,789 premature deaths a year. However 21 states representing 6.3 newly eligible people have confirmed ...
Toygar Mehmet M Department of Forensic Medicine, GMMA School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2013
Firearm injuries (FI) are the most common cause of death among military personnel. In this study, postmortem examination and autopsy records of deaths resulting from firearm injuries recorded in the Department of Forensic Medicine of Gulhane Military Medical Academy between 1993-2010 were examined retrospectively. We evaluated the characteristics of 153 ...
Asch David A - - 2013
In November 1636, the prices of tulip bulbs in the Dutch market rose rapidly from their normal level to the point where a single bulb might sell for 10 times the annual earnings of a typical worker. Just as quickly, in May 1637, tulip-bulb prices returned to their previous values. ...
Su Anselm Ting - - 2013
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of HAVS in a tropical environment in comparison with a temperate environment. Methods: We conducted a series medical examinations among the forestry, construction and automobile industry workers in Malaysia adopting the compulsory medical examination procedure used by Wakayama ...
- - 2013
The American College of Medical Toxicology and the National Association of Medical Examiners convened an expert panel to generate evidence-based recommendations for the practice of death investigation and autopsy, toxicological analysis, interpretation of toxicology findings, and death certification to improve the precision of death certificate data available for public health ...
Reis Flávio Pola Dos - - 2013
Objective: To evaluate the level of knowledge of medical students about transplantation and brain death. Methods: An anonymous self-administered questionnaire answered by medical students from the first through the sixth year that was based on information from the Associação Brasileira de Transplante de Órgãos e Tecidos, the Registro Brasileiro de ...
Hodell Evan M - - 2013
Abstract Background. The Medical Priority Dispatch System (MPDS) is a commonly used computer-based emergency medical dispatch (EMD) system that is widely used to prioritize 9-1-1 calls and optimize resource allocation. There are five major priority classes used to dispatch 9-1-1 calls in the San Francisco System; Alpha codes are the ...
Silva José Antônio Cordero da - - 2013
To evaluate the completion of medical certificates of death in Belém, state of Pará, Brazil in 2010. In the present study, 800 medical certificates of non-violent death, randomly chosen, and produced in 2010 were analyzed. Regarding correct completion, all fields of the document were evaluated, except for fields I (reserved ...
- - 2013
This article is aimed at junior doctors who may be required to write the Medical Certificate of Cause of Death. It highlights the importance of the coroner's role in investigation of death (Figure 1), when and how the coroner should be contacted, and what information needs to be presented to ...
Haque Ahmed Suleman - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Death certificates (DC) can provide valuable health status data regarding disease incidence, prevalence and mortality in a community. It can guide local health policy and help in setting priorities. Incomplete and inaccurate DC data, on the other hand, can significantly impair the precision of a national health information database. ...
Graves Janessa M - - 2013
This study describes injury characteristics and costs of work-related traumatic brain injury (WRTBI) among 16-24 year olds in Washington State between 1998 and 2008. WRTBIs were identified in the Washington Trauma Registry (WTR) and linked to workers' compensation (WC) claims data. Medical and time-loss compensation costs were compared between workers ...
Taheri Mohammad M Department of Microbiology, School of Paramedical Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR - - 2013
Classical screening methods are incapable to properly detect LTBI (Latent TB Infection) and HCWs (Healthcare Workers) are at the high risk of exposure. Only few reports estimated the prevalence of LTBI among Iranian HCWs and they mostly used the TST (Tuberculin Skin Test), rather than assessing the response against TB-specific ...
Aslan Lokman - - 2013
Abstract Purpose: Welding workers' ophthalmic problems resulting from their professions are frequently observed in ophthalmic emergencies and can cause severe visual impairment. We aimed to investigate the use of topical anesthetic and non-medical alternatives of this population regarding ophthalmic problems in this study. Materials and methods: The study included 204 ...
Suehs Brandon T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Managed healthcare organizations often utilize formulary management strategies such as prior authorization and step therapy to guide appropriate medication use and to control medication expenditures. The objective of this study was to examine clinical and economic outcomes associated with implementation of a pregabalin step therapy (ST) policy among Medicare ...
Alfsen G Cecilie - - 2013
Little is known about which cases of death outside hospital are currently investigated by way of a medical (clinical) autopsy. Against this background, medical autopsies after death outside hospital that were performed at the Department of Pathology, Akershus University Hospital, are presented in this article. Medical autopsies performed after deaths ...
Udall Margarita - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare changes in healthcare resource utilization and costs among members with painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy (pDPN), postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), or fibromyalgia (FM) in a commercial health plan implementing pregabalin step-therapy with members in unrestricted plans. Methods: Retrospective study of outcomes associated with implementation of a pregabalin step-therapy ...
Thuraisingham Chandramani - - 2013
In many workplaces, employment is conditional on a successful pre-employment medical examination. This examination is usually conducted by a general practitioner on the employers' panel of approved clinics or by an in-house company doctor. This article uses a case study to illustrate some of the ethical dilemmas that may be ...
Wang Guo-Sheng - - 2013
Appendiceal cystadenoma, the most common type of what has been generally termed 'mucocele' of the appendix, has unique clinical characteristics. In this study, three similar clinical manifestations of appendiceal cystadenoma are presented, with different subsequent management and diverse prognostic outcomes relating to the characteristics of the disease, the wishes of ...
Shrestha Sundar S - - 2013
AIM: We aimed at estimating excess medical expenditures associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) among working-age adults diagnosed with diabetes, disaggregated by treatment mode: insulin-treated diabetes (ITDM) or non-insulin-treated diabetes (NITDM). METHODS: We analyzed data for over 500,000 individuals with diagnosed diabetes from the 2008 U.S. MarketScan claims database. We ...
Macklin Denise - - 2013
By educating their clients (especially prescribing physicians, nurses, and home healthcare aides) about the advantages of using needle-free devices to administer intravenous medications, compounding pharmacists can help prevent complications associated with vascular access devices and needlestick injuries. Despite state and federal efforts to reduce the incidence of sharps injuries among ...
Haj Salem Nidhal - - 2013
The following report describes an unusual case of smothering by a medical nebulizer of a psychiatric in-patient and discusses the manner of death. A 43-year-old man, with previous medical history of paranoia was hospitalized at a psychiatric department because of a suicide attempt. He was found dead by the medical ...
Karthikeyan G - - 2013
From August 2004 to July 2005 at Coimbatore Medical College Hospital, Tamilnadu, the process of issuing well baby certificate to 1668 babies of 1658 mothers electing to undergo puerperal sterilization within a week of delivery was analyzed. 1553 babies (93.1%) were issued well baby certificates. Certificates were deferred in 88 ...
Sorrel Amy Lynn - - 2013
Legislation to reduce overuse of pain medications and other addictive and expensive drugs within the workers&#39; compensation program appears to be achieving that goal through stepped implementation of a closed formulary. With phase two of the process set to take effect this September, leaders at the Texas Medical Association and ...
Alavi Seyyed Salman - - 2013
Medical universities are of those organizations that serve many individuals. As a result, the employees who work at medical universities should have adequate job qualifications and requisite conditions for work. Job security is one of these needed conditions. The current study aims to determine the main components of job security ...
Rampatige Rasika - - 2013
Information on causes of death is critical for informed decision making in the health sector. This paper reports findings from a study that measured the accuracy of registered causes of death and quality of medical records for a sample of deaths occurring in hospitals in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Five physicians, ...
Wright David - - 2013
Summary:This article examines the status of lunatic cadavers during the second half of the nineteenth century. The first section summarizes cause of death data of over three thousand patients who were admitted to the four principal lunatic asylums in the province of Ontario (Canada). The results illuminate the alleged causes ...
Fronstin Paul P Health Research and Education Program, Employee Benefit Research Institute, 1100 13th St, NW, Ste 878, Washington, DC 20005. E-mail: - - 2013
Objectives: To evaluate the impact of a consumerdirected health plan with a health savings account (CDHP-HSA) on utilization of and adherence to medications among individuals with chronic disease. Study Design: Pre-post comparison study with matched control group (difference-in-differences analysis). Methods: Data on workers and dependents with 1 or more of ...
Kong Hyung-Sik - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors of metabolic syndrome (MS) and to analyze the relationship between the risk factors of MS and medical cost of major diseases related to MS in Korean workers, according to the scale of the enterprise. Data was obtained from annual ...
Ely Susan F - - 2012
Hyperglycemia and new onset diabetes have been described with certain antipsychotic medications and some of the initial presentations are fatal diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). We report 17 deaths due to DKA in psychiatric patients treated with second generation antipsychotic medications. Death certificates and toxicology data were searched for DKA and hyperglycemia. ...
Graves Janessa M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: This study describes injury characteristics and costs of work-related traumatic brain injury (WRTBI) among 16-24year olds in Washington State between 1998 and 2008. METHODS: WRTBIs were identified in the Washington Trauma Registry (WTR) and linked to workers' compensation (WC) claims data. Medical and time-loss compensation costs were compared between ...
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