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Marx David E DE Department of Chemistry, University of Scranton, Scranton, PA, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Silver compounds are increasingly used in medical applications and consumer products. Confusion exists over the benefits and hazards associated with silver compounds. In this article, the biochemistry and physiology of silver are reviewed with emphasis on the use of silver for wound care.
Allen Mark - - 2014
Oil-free technology for the production of medical air is used in many medical gas systems around the world, and is a requirement of the standards in many places. Under the Department of Health's Health Technical Memorandum, HTM O2-O1, this is not the case, although 'oil-free' is an option. Mark Allen, ...
Li I-Chuan IC Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2014
Older adults are at risk of problems of medication use including underuse, overuse, and misuse. The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence of the use of conventional and complementary and alternative medications (CAM) in older adults and to explore which factors related to their medication use. For ...
Browne Claire C Pharmacy Department, St. Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland, - - 2014
Background Patients at risk of falling are regularly prescribed medicines which increase falls risk. Medication review is a widely advocated risk reduction strategy. Objective The objectives of this descriptive study were to determine the number and types of falls risk medicines suitable for intervention, and to develop guidance to optimise ...
Mukharji Projit Bihari PB Department of the History and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA, - - 2014
Numerous medicines in South Asia have their origins in dreams. Deities, saints and other supernatural beings frequently appear in dreams to instruct dreamers about specific remedies, therapeutic techniques, modes of care etc. These therapies challenge available models of historicising dreams. Once we overcome these challenges and unearth the embedded logic ...
Bouras-Vallianatos Petros P Centre for Hellenic Studies, King's College London, Strand, London WC2R 2LS, - - 2014
Alexander of Tralles, writing in the late sixth century, combined his wide-ranging practical knowledge with earlier medical theories. This article shows how clinical experience is used in Alexander's works by concentrating on his therapeutic advice on epilepsy and, in particular, on pharmacology and the group of so-called natural remedies. I ...
Ross Karen D KD Department of History, Troy University, 226 Patterson Hall, Troy, Alabama - - 2014
In 1923, Thomas Barbour of Harvard announced the creation of a national lay organization, the Society of Friends of Medical Progress (FMP), to defend animal research in the United States against a resurgent antivivisection movement. After decades of successful behind-the-scenes lobbying and avoiding the public spotlight, medical scientists significantly altered ...
Kim Daniel T DT Mr. Kim is a PhD student of religious ethics and senior program manager, Program on Medicine and Religion, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois. Dr. Curlin is professor of medical humanities, Trent Center for Bioethics, Humanities, and History of Medicine and the Duke Divinity School, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Ms. Wolenberg is a medical student, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee. Dr. Sulmasy is Kilbride-Clinton Professor of Medicine and Ethics, Department of Medicine and Divinity School, associate director, MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, and director, Program on Medicine and Religion, University of Chicago, Chicago, - - 2014
U.S. medical scholarship and education regarding religion and spirituality has been growing rapidly in recent years. This rising interest, however, is not new; it is a renewal of significant interweavings that date back to the mid-20th century. In this Perspective, the authors draw attention to the little-known history of organized ...
Dev Shelly P SP From the Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, - - 2014
Intraosseous needle insertion is used as a temporary measure when intravascular access cannot be achieved through peripheral or central venous routes. The intraosseous needle may remain in situ for 72 to 96 hours, but it is best removed within 6 to 12 hours, as soon as an alternative site of ...
Cheraghi-Sohi Sudeh S NIHR Greater Manchester Primary Care Patient Safety Translational Research Centre, Institute of Population Health, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom - - 2014
There is a lack of focus on the broader social context, networks and influences on medicine-taking as part of illness work. This work adopts a social network approach and seeks to explicate the nature of medicine-taking work that people with multiple long-term conditions (LTCs) and their social network members (SNMs) ...
Cannon Keith - - 2014
The recruitment of skilled candidates into internal medicine residency programs has relied on traditional interviewing techniques with varying degrees of success. The development of simulated medical technology has provided a new arena in which to assess candidates' clinical skills, knowledge base, situational awareness, and problem-solving dexterities within a standardized environment ...
Azer Samy A - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the contents of medical textbooks, eMedicine (Medscape) topics, and YouTube videos on cardiovascular mechanisms. Medical textbooks, eMedicine articles, and YouTube were searched for cardiovascular mechanisms. Using appraisal forms, copies of these resources and videos were evaluated independently by three assessors. Most textbooks ...
Ghorbanifar Zahra Z Department of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Headache is a common symptom throughout the world. The main purpose of patient-centered approaches is the utilization of useful and simple treatment. Nowadays, there is a rising propensity toward herbal remedies. Nasal route is one of the ancient and topical prescriptions used in headache. In Iranian traditional medicine, physicians such ...
Sjöqvist Folke F Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, - - 2014
Clinical pharmacology has now existed as a teaching and research discipline for nearly 50 years, but with notable exceptions, it is not yet established in many countries as a medical speciality. This MiniReview describes the attempts of IUPHAR, WHO and EACPT to involve clinical pharmacology in the global efforts to ...
Hong Chuang-Ye CY Department of Medicine, Wan-Fang Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the 100 years from 1850 to 1949, six English textbooks on internal medicine were translated into Chinese and published. Publication of these books was a response to the increased demand for Chinese textbooks after the opening of several Western-style hospitals and medical schools in China where the instruction was ...
Bryson Simon P SP Department of Pharmacy, Biomolecular Sciences, University of Brighton, Brighton BN24GJ, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The development of age appropriate paediatric formulations, particularly those suitable for young children, presents challenges with only limited knowledge available on the acceptability of different medicines and how this affects medication adherence. This publication describes studies conducted at Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool UK, with the aim of determining which ...
Manthous Constantine A CA Private - - 2014
Labor unions have been a weak force in the medical marketplace. To briefly review the history of physicians' and nurses' labor unions, explore the ethics of unions in medicine, and offer a solution that simultaneously serves patients and professionals. A selective review of the literature. Labor unions of medical professionals ...
Pirsig Wolfgang W *ENT Department, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany; and †Stanford University School of Medicine, OHNS Department, Stanford, California, - - 2014
During the Renaissance, several anatomic details were described with a degree of exactness, which would stand the test of time. One example is the foramen in the anteroinferior wall of the external auditory canal, eponymously named after the German anatomist, Emil Huschke, who described it in 1844. However, the first ...
Honey Brooke Lynn BL From the *Department of Pharmacy, Clinical and Administrative Sciences-Tulsa, University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy, Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine, Tulsa, Oklahoma; †Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas, Missouri; and ‡Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine, Tulsa, - - 2014
Medication errors are hazardous and costly. Children are at increased risk for medication errors because of weight-based dosing, limited FDA indications, and human calculation errors. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency and type of resident prescribing errors in a pediatric clinic and further compare error rates ...
Robson Barry B St. Matthew's University School of Medicine, Grand Cayman; Department of Mathematics Statistics and Computer Science, University of Wisconsin-Stout, WI, US; The Dirac Foundation, Oxfordshire, UK; Quantal Semantics Inc., VA, US. Electronic address: - - 2014
We recently introduced the concept of a Hyperbolic Dirac Net (HDN) for medical inference on the grounds that, while the traditional Bayes Net (BN) is popular in medicine, it is not suited to that domain: there are many interdependencies such that any "node" can be ultimately conditional upon itself. A ...
Oh Chaekun C Department of Medical History, College of Korean Medicine, Semyung University, Chungbuk, - - 2014
In this study, I aim to reveal how Lee Gyoojoons medicine has given birth to a current of learning, the supporting yang current of learning, and describe its historical significance. Before anything, I'd like to throw the question of whether if there were any currents within the traditional Korean medicine. ...
Tupanceski Nikola - - 2014
Law and medicine are separate professions, and attorneys and physicians often see their professions in conflict. There are, however, more similarities than differences between the two professions. And there are areas of mutual concern and overlap that demand the application of both legal and medical knowledge for the good of ...
Silber Jeffrey H JH Dr. Silber is professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology & Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine; professor, Department of Health Care Management, The Wharton School; director, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Romano is professor of medicine and pediatrics and director, Primary Care Outcomes Research Faculty Development Program, Division of General Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California. Dr. Itani is professor, Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, and chief of surgery, VA Boston Health Care System and Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Rosen is professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, affiliated with the Center for Organization, Leadership and Management Research, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Small is associate professor, Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Lipner is senior vice president of evaluation, research and development, American Board of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Bosk is professor, Departments of Sociology and Medical Ethics & Health Policy, and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Wang is a statistical programmer, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Mr. Halenar is a research assistant, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veteran's Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Korovaichuk is a research assistant, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. - - 2014
To determine whether the 2003 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty hours reform affected medical knowledge as reflected by written board scores for internal medicine (IM) residents. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) Internal Medicine residents who started training before and after ...
Andreoli Laura L Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Bichat-Claude Bernard University Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
Medication reconciliation has proved its effectiveness at improving drug-prescription safety. This study was undertaken to assess the impact of an intervention aimed at decreasing the discrepancies between a patient's usual treatment(s) and medications prescribed at admission. Our study was conducted from November 2010 to May 2011. Discrepancies between home medication(s) ...
Stanifer John W JW Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
For most of the 19th century, Germany was the centre of the medical world. From there the most innovating research came and many of the physicians of that era are known to nearly every medical student and physician of today. Virchow, Kussmaul, Quincke, von Recklinghausen, Müller and Schönlein are familiar ...
Zargaran Arman A Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
The early medieval era is also called the Islamic Golden Age because of the significant rise in sciences, including medicine. Abū Bakr Rabi' ibn Ahmad Akhawayni Bukhāri (better known as Akhawayni) was one of the notable medical practitioners in his lifetime. His fame was in neuroscience and he became known ...
Kloet Megan A MA *From the PGY2 Critical Care Resident, †Critical Care Pharmacist, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; ‡Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy; Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics; Critical Care Pharmacist, Medical Intensive Care Unit, §Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy; Director, Critical Care Pharmacy Specialty Residency, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; and ∥Pharmacy and Therapeutics, Clinical Translational Science Institute and Critical Care Medicine, Schools for Pharmacy and Medicine, University of Pittsburgh; Critical Care Medication Safety Officer, Department of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
To evaluate medication boxed warning nonadherence in the inpatient setting. This was a prospective cohort quality improvement project approved by our institution's Total Quality Council. General medicine and ICU patients 18 years and older were included if they were cared for by a prescriber-led multidisciplinary team that included a pharmacist. ...
Lee Khuan K Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study aimed to understand hypertensive patients' perceptions of and adherence to prescribed medication. A qualitative research study based on 23 purposely selected participants from a community health clinic in Malaysia. The participants underwent in-depth semi-structured interviews, and the data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis method. The participants were ...
Jensen E K EK 1] Department for Spinal Cord Injuries, Glostrup University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark [2] Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Objective:To map the impact of spinal cord lesion (SCL) on medication.Study design:Registration of medication for 72 patients before SCL and at discharge from the Department for Spinal Cord Injuries.Setting:Department for Spinal Cord Injuries, East Denmark.Methods:The changes in medication for each Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System group were registered for ...
Ennis Edel - - 2014
Medication regimes are often poorly adhered to, and the negative consequences of this are well recognised. The dynamics underlying non-adherence are less understood. This paper examines adherence to prescription medications for mental health difficulties in relation to the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs). This was based on suggestions ...
Kerstein Ryan L RL Salisbury District Hospital, Odstock Road, Salisbury, SP2 8BQ, UK, - - 2014
In the 2009 guidelines from the BMLA, the use of non-essential aesthetic lasers was contraindicated in patients receiving medication that causes whole-body photosensitisation as well as those causing local light sensitisation. Following this and anecdotal advice, many laser centres refuse to treat patients who are on known photosensitive medication. Therefore, ...
McQuaid Elizabeth L EL Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current study sought to evaluate patterns of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in a sample of Latino and non-Latino white (NLW) children with asthma to determine whether parental beliefs about conventional medications and barriers to obtaining these medications were related to CAM use and to assess whether CAM ...
Blasco-Fontecilla H - - 2014
Western societies are characterized by a growing medicalization of life events, such as pregnancy, aging, or even death. Three concepts -medicalization, wish-fulfilling medicine, and disease mongering- are key in understanding the current practise of Medicine. Quite surprisingly, not a single study has addressed the relationship between all three of these ...
Chitindingu Ethel - - 2014
Traditional, complementary and alternative (TCAM) medicine is consumed by a large majority of the South African population. In the context of increasing overall demand for healthcare this paper investigates the extent to which South African medical schools have incorporated TCAM into their curriculum because of the increased legislative and policy ...
Hodgetts Timothy J - - 2014
Medicine has historically advanced during conflict, but military medical services have consistently regressed during peace. As over a decade of campaigning in Iraq and Afghanistan draws to a close, securing the legacy of hard won clinical lessons and retaining flexibility to adapt to new patterns of illness and injury during ...
Petinaux Bruno B Department of Emergency Medicine in the School of Medicine and Health Sciences The George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
A variety of hazards can precipitate the full or partial collapse of occupied structures. The rescue of entrapped survivors in these situations can be complex, require a multidisciplinary approach, and last for many hours. The modern discipline of Urban Search and Rescue, which includes an active medical component, has evolved ...
Mohan Arvind A Sandwell General Hospital, Lyndon, West Bromwich, West Midlands, B71 4HJ, UK, - - 2014
Herbal medicine is a multibillion-pound industry, and surveys suggest that ~10 % of the UK population uses herbal supplements concurrently with prescription medications. Patients and health care practitioners are often unaware of the adverse side effects of herbal medicines. In addition, because many of these herbal supplements are available over the ...
Payne R A RA Cambridge Centre for Health Services Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK, - - 2014
Polypharmacy-the use of multiple medications by a single patient-is an important issue associated with various adverse clinical outcomes and rising costs. It is also a topic rarely addressed by clinical guidelines. We used routine Scottish health records to address the lack of data on the prevalence of polypharmacy in the ...
Parvizi Nassim N Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency, London, - - 2014
In recent times, there has been an unprecedented level of public interest and active debate regarding the regulation of medical devices. This is in light of the topical, rather dissimilar, incidents involving poly-implant-prothèse (PIP) breast and metal-on-metal hip implants. Although medicines and devices are regulated under European Union (EU) law, ...
Schmacke Norbert N Public Health, Institute for Public Health and Nursing, Marssel 48, 28719 Bremen, Germany. - - 2014
Homeopathy is one of the most frequently used areas of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Previous research has focused in particular on the pharmacological effectiveness of homeopathy. There is intense discussion among German family medical practitioners as to whether family medicine should adopt elements of homeopathy because of the popularity ...
Barker Kristin K KK University of New Mexico, 1915 Roma, Bldg. 78, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper examines mindfulness as a popular and paradigmatic alternative healing practice within the context of contemporary medicalization trends. In recognition of the increasingly influential role popular media play in shaping ideas about illness and healing, what follows is a discursive analysis of bestselling mindfulness meditation self-help books and audio ...
Zargaran Arman A Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center and Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Student Research Committee, Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Sassanid Empire in Persia (224-637 AD) ruled one of the most influential eras in world history. They with the Romans and later the Byzantines were two global powers in ancient times. Medicine was well organized in the official Sassanid system. Hospitals, medical centers, and universities were developed throughout Persia ...
Tanno Yoshiro Y Ishinomaki Pharmacist - - 2014
  On August 31, 2011, five months after the Great East Japan Earthquake, Miyagi prefecture reported 9357 dead and 2288 missing citizens, whereas Ishinomaki reported 4753 dead and 1302 missing citizens. A total of 12 pharmacists in Miyagi prefecture had lost their lives. Many medical institutions at the time were rendered ...
Terpening Chris C the Departments of Family Medicine and Clinical Pharmacy, West Virginia University, - - 2014
Convention holds that the use of metformin is contraindicated in many patients secondary to concerns about lactic acidosis. However, current evidence suggests that metformin-associated lactic acidosis is at most idiosyncratic. Awareness of the current evidence should permit broader use of this valuable medication.
Nguyen Duc D Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Oakwood, Virginia, USA. - - 2014
A growing number of people in the USA and worldwide use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). CAM usage has been reported to differ by region. Little is known about the usage of CAM, especially among the Appalachian region population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usage of ...
Maddox Ronald W RW College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Campbell University, Buies Creek, NC, - - 2014
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine is using a variety of medical simulation systems in the training of its medical students. The simulators allow students to learn and practice skills in a controlled environment, and they enable faculty to challenge students with a broader range of conditions than might ordinarily ...
Kato Tetsuta T School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life - - 2014
  The role of pharmacists in self-medication is to provide informed and objective advice on medicines and their use, and to promote the concept of pharmaceutical care. In 2012, the teaching of medicines and their use was started in junior high schools, and pharmacists should be providing samples and the example ...
Ring Johannes J Department of Dermatology and Allergy Biederstein, Christine Kuehne Center for Allergy Research and Education (CK-CARE), Technical University of Munich, Munich, - - 2014
In the Middle Ages little innovative medical literature came from Western Europe. The Greek-Roman tradition with the scriptures of Hippocrates and Galenos was preserved in Byzantium and then in the Middle East by Arabic medicine; it then returned to Europe in Latin translations mostly made in Italy and Spain. There ...
Green Traci C TC Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine and Epidemiology at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. She is an affiliated researcher at The Center for Prisoner Health and Human Rights at the Miriam Hospital and the Injury Prevention Center at Rhode Island - - 2014
The number of opioid overdose events in Rhode Island has increased dramatically/catastrophically in the last decade; Rhode Island now has one of the highest per capita overdose death rates in the country. Healthcare professionals have an important role to play in the reduction of unintentional opioid overdose events. This article ...
Abdel-Halim Rabie El-Said RE Emeritus Professor of Urology, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, - - 2014
The Medical Poem ("Al-Urjuzah Fi Al-Tibb") of Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980-1037), is the subject of this primary-source study evaluating its scientific value, poetics and pedagogical significance as well as assessing its role in the transmission of medical knowledge to Medieval Europe. In addition to one original manuscript and two modern ...
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