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Manthous Constantine A CA Private - - 2014
Labor unions have been a weak force in the medical marketplace. To briefly review the history of physicians' and nurses' labor unions, explore the ethics of unions in medicine, and offer a solution that simultaneously serves patients and professionals. A selective review of the literature. Labor unions of medical professionals ...
Honey Brooke Lynn BL From the *Department of Pharmacy, Clinical and Administrative Sciences-Tulsa, University of Oklahoma College of Pharmacy, Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine, Tulsa, Oklahoma; †Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas, Missouri; and ‡Department of Pediatrics, University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine, Tulsa, - - 2014
Medication errors are hazardous and costly. Children are at increased risk for medication errors because of weight-based dosing, limited FDA indications, and human calculation errors. The aim of this study is to determine the frequency and type of resident prescribing errors in a pediatric clinic and further compare error rates ...
- - 2014
Guidance aimed at increasing the reporting of medication and medical devices errors has been published by NHS England and the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency.
Andreoli Laura L Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Bichat-Claude Bernard University Hospital, AP-HP, Paris, - - 2014
Medication reconciliation has proved its effectiveness at improving drug-prescription safety. This study was undertaken to assess the impact of an intervention aimed at decreasing the discrepancies between a patient's usual treatment(s) and medications prescribed at admission. Our study was conducted from November 2010 to May 2011. Discrepancies between home medication(s) ...
Stanifer John W JW Department of Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
For most of the 19th century, Germany was the centre of the medical world. From there the most innovating research came and many of the physicians of that era are known to nearly every medical student and physician of today. Virchow, Kussmaul, Quincke, von Recklinghausen, Müller and Schönlein are familiar ...
Zargaran Arman A Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
The early medieval era is also called the Islamic Golden Age because of the significant rise in sciences, including medicine. Abū Bakr Rabi' ibn Ahmad Akhawayni Bukhāri (better known as Akhawayni) was one of the notable medical practitioners in his lifetime. His fame was in neuroscience and he became known ...
Kloet Megan A MA *From the PGY2 Critical Care Resident, †Critical Care Pharmacist, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; ‡Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy; Department of Pharmacy and Therapeutics; Critical Care Pharmacist, Medical Intensive Care Unit, §Pharmacy and Therapeutics, University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy; Director, Critical Care Pharmacy Specialty Residency, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center; and ∥Pharmacy and Therapeutics, Clinical Translational Science Institute and Critical Care Medicine, Schools for Pharmacy and Medicine, University of Pittsburgh; Critical Care Medication Safety Officer, Department of Pharmacy, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
To evaluate medication boxed warning nonadherence in the inpatient setting. This was a prospective cohort quality improvement project approved by our institution's Total Quality Council. General medicine and ICU patients 18 years and older were included if they were cared for by a prescriber-led multidisciplinary team that included a pharmacist. ...
Jensen E K EK 1] Department for Spinal Cord Injuries, Glostrup University Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark [2] Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Objective:To map the impact of spinal cord lesion (SCL) on medication.Study design:Registration of medication for 72 patients before SCL and at discharge from the Department for Spinal Cord Injuries.Setting:Department for Spinal Cord Injuries, East Denmark.Methods:The changes in medication for each Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical (ATC) Classification System group were registered for ...
Ennis Edel - - 2014
Medication regimes are often poorly adhered to, and the negative consequences of this are well recognised. The dynamics underlying non-adherence are less understood. This paper examines adherence to prescription medications for mental health difficulties in relation to the use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs). This was based on suggestions ...
Wolstenholme Daniel D Art & design research centre, Sheffield Hallam - - 2014
Developed by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, the app My Medication Passport keeps an up-to-date list of medications, with a record of the names of the medicines, dosages, frequency and timings.
Kerstein Ryan L RL Salisbury District Hospital, Odstock Road, Salisbury, SP2 8BQ, UK, - - 2014
In the 2009 guidelines from the BMLA, the use of non-essential aesthetic lasers was contraindicated in patients receiving medication that causes whole-body photosensitisation as well as those causing local light sensitisation. Following this and anecdotal advice, many laser centres refuse to treat patients who are on known photosensitive medication. Therefore, ...
McQuaid Elizabeth L EL Bradley/Hasbro Children's Research Center, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current study sought to evaluate patterns of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in a sample of Latino and non-Latino white (NLW) children with asthma to determine whether parental beliefs about conventional medications and barriers to obtaining these medications were related to CAM use and to assess whether CAM ...
Chitindingu Ethel - - 2014
Traditional, complementary and alternative (TCAM) medicine is consumed by a large majority of the South African population. In the context of increasing overall demand for healthcare this paper investigates the extent to which South African medical schools have incorporated TCAM into their curriculum because of the increased legislative and policy ...
Hodgetts Timothy J - - 2014
Medicine has historically advanced during conflict, but military medical services have consistently regressed during peace. As over a decade of campaigning in Iraq and Afghanistan draws to a close, securing the legacy of hard won clinical lessons and retaining flexibility to adapt to new patterns of illness and injury during ...
Silber Jeffrey H JH Dr. Silber is professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology & Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine; professor, Department of Health Care Management, The Wharton School; director, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia; and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Romano is professor of medicine and pediatrics and director, Primary Care Outcomes Research Faculty Development Program, Division of General Medicine and Center for Healthcare Policy and Research, University of California Davis School of Medicine, Sacramento, California. Dr. Itani is professor, Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine, and chief of surgery, VA Boston Health Care System and Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Rosen is professor, Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, affiliated with the Center for Organization, Leadership and Management Research, VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston, Massachusetts. Dr. Small is associate professor, Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Lipner is senior vice president of evaluation, research and development, American Board of Internal Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Bosk is professor, Departments of Sociology and Medical Ethics & Health Policy, and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Wang is a statistical programmer, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Mr. Halenar is a research assistant, Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veteran's Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Korovaichuk is a research assistant, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Ms. Even-Shoshan is associate director, Center for Outcomes Research, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Dr. Volpp is professor, Department of Health Care Management, The Wharton School, and Department of Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine; and senior fellow, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania; and affiliated with the Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Veterans Administration Hospital, Philadelphia, - - 2014
To determine whether the 2003 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) duty hours reform affected medical knowledge as reflected by written board scores for internal medicine (IM) residents. The authors conducted a retrospective cohort analysis of postgraduate year 1 (PGY-1) Internal Medicine residents who started training before and after ...
Petinaux Bruno B Department of Emergency Medicine in the School of Medicine and Health Sciences The George Washington University, Washington, - - 2014
A variety of hazards can precipitate the full or partial collapse of occupied structures. The rescue of entrapped survivors in these situations can be complex, require a multidisciplinary approach, and last for many hours. The modern discipline of Urban Search and Rescue, which includes an active medical component, has evolved ...
Mohan Arvind A Sandwell General Hospital, Lyndon, West Bromwich, West Midlands, B71 4HJ, UK, - - 2014
Herbal medicine is a multibillion-pound industry, and surveys suggest that ~10 % of the UK population uses herbal supplements concurrently with prescription medications. Patients and health care practitioners are often unaware of the adverse side effects of herbal medicines. In addition, because many of these herbal supplements are available over the ...
Payne R A RA Cambridge Centre for Health Services Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Forvie Site, Robinson Way, Cambridge, CB2 0SR, UK, - - 2014
Polypharmacy-the use of multiple medications by a single patient-is an important issue associated with various adverse clinical outcomes and rising costs. It is also a topic rarely addressed by clinical guidelines. We used routine Scottish health records to address the lack of data on the prevalence of polypharmacy in the ...
Parvizi Nassim N Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency, London, - - 2014
In recent times, there has been an unprecedented level of public interest and active debate regarding the regulation of medical devices. This is in light of the topical, rather dissimilar, incidents involving poly-implant-prothèse (PIP) breast and metal-on-metal hip implants. Although medicines and devices are regulated under European Union (EU) law, ...
Schmacke Norbert N Public Health, Institute for Public Health and Nursing, Marssel 48, 28719 Bremen, Germany. - - 2014
Homeopathy is one of the most frequently used areas of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Previous research has focused in particular on the pharmacological effectiveness of homeopathy. There is intense discussion among German family medical practitioners as to whether family medicine should adopt elements of homeopathy because of the popularity ...
Barker Kristin K KK University of New Mexico, 1915 Roma, Bldg. 78, Albuquerque, NM 87131, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
This paper examines mindfulness as a popular and paradigmatic alternative healing practice within the context of contemporary medicalization trends. In recognition of the increasingly influential role popular media play in shaping ideas about illness and healing, what follows is a discursive analysis of bestselling mindfulness meditation self-help books and audio ...
Zargaran Arman A Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center and Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; Student Research Committee, Research Office for the History of Persian Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address: - - 2014
The Sassanid Empire in Persia (224-637 AD) ruled one of the most influential eras in world history. They with the Romans and later the Byzantines were two global powers in ancient times. Medicine was well organized in the official Sassanid system. Hospitals, medical centers, and universities were developed throughout Persia ...
Tanno Yoshiro Y Ishinomaki Pharmacist - - 2014
  On August 31, 2011, five months after the Great East Japan Earthquake, Miyagi prefecture reported 9357 dead and 2288 missing citizens, whereas Ishinomaki reported 4753 dead and 1302 missing citizens. A total of 12 pharmacists in Miyagi prefecture had lost their lives. Many medical institutions at the time were rendered ...
Terpening Chris C the Departments of Family Medicine and Clinical Pharmacy, West Virginia University, - - 2014
Convention holds that the use of metformin is contraindicated in many patients secondary to concerns about lactic acidosis. However, current evidence suggests that metformin-associated lactic acidosis is at most idiosyncratic. Awareness of the current evidence should permit broader use of this valuable medication.
Nguyen Duc D Appalachian College of Pharmacy, Oakwood, Virginia, USA. - - 2014
A growing number of people in the USA and worldwide use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). CAM usage has been reported to differ by region. Little is known about the usage of CAM, especially among the Appalachian region population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the usage of ...
Maddox Ronald W RW College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Campbell University, Buies Creek, NC, - - 2014
Campbell University School of Osteopathic Medicine is using a variety of medical simulation systems in the training of its medical students. The simulators allow students to learn and practice skills in a controlled environment, and they enable faculty to challenge students with a broader range of conditions than might ordinarily ...
Kato Tetsuta T School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life - - 2014
  The role of pharmacists in self-medication is to provide informed and objective advice on medicines and their use, and to promote the concept of pharmaceutical care. In 2012, the teaching of medicines and their use was started in junior high schools, and pharmacists should be providing samples and the example ...
Abdel-Halim Rabie El-Said RE Emeritus Professor of Urology, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, - - 2014
The Medical Poem ("Al-Urjuzah Fi Al-Tibb") of Ibn Sina (Avicenna, 980-1037), is the subject of this primary-source study evaluating its scientific value, poetics and pedagogical significance as well as assessing its role in the transmission of medical knowledge to Medieval Europe. In addition to one original manuscript and two modern ...
Brenyo Andrew A Department of Medicine, Greenville Health System, Greenville, South Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies are commonly used by patients for the treatment of medical conditions spanning the full spectrum of severity and chronicity. The use of alternative remedies, both herbal and others, for conditions lacking effective medical treatment, is on the increase. Included within this categorization, arrhythmic disease-absent ...
Langley Christopher A - - 2013
Pharmacy originates from a background of medication compounding and supply. More recently, this role has developed away from an absolute focus on the supply of pharmaceuticals with, for example, the advent of pharmacist prescribing. Nevertheless, for a majority of the profession, medication supply remains a core activity. Regulation of the ...
Lenahan Jennifer L - - 2013
Understanding and organizing medication regimens can be challenging, and many patients struggle to properly dose prescribed medicine, potentially leading to less effective treatment or even harm. Generic prescriptions are increasingly common and may change in appearance, adding further complexity. The authors aimed to investigate familiarity with the drug regimen among ...
Nguyen Huy Van - - 2013
In Vietnam, many medicine sellers serving pharmacies and retail outlets do not have adequate professional qualifications, and there has been a limited institutional control. The objective of this cross-sectional study was to examine the prevalence and determinants of self-medication among medicine sellers in Hanoi, Vietnam. Although 96.55% of medicine sellers ...
Platz Joseph J Department of Surgery, Fletcher Allen Health Care, University of Vermont College of Medicine, Burlington, - - 2013
The world of medicine is in a state of flux with major and substantive changes in its educational model. Students, residents, and junior attendings can no longer rely entirely on experiential development through clinical immersion. Instead, to attain similar levels of knowledge, technique, and situational comfort, there must be innovations ...
Lins Liliane - - 2013
Illegal practice of medicine by medical students is a worldwide problem. In Brazil, information about this issue is scarce. To describe the perception of illegal practice of medicine by medical students. A cross-sectional study in a stratified random sample of 130 medical students in the 6th to 12th semesters from ...
Bartoloni Elena - - 2013
A 73-year-old man with seropositive rheumatoid arthritis and extraarticular involvement (rheumatoid nodules on the right elbow) presented with persistent, painless swelling of the left elbow. His medical history was unremarkable except for hypertension.
Wright Stephen - - 2013
Emeritus professor of medicine John Kabat-Zinn was invited to advise Downing Street earlier this year. He is the founding director of the Stress Reduction Clinic and the center for mindfulness in medicine, health care and society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School.
Luo Ning N Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China; Affiliated Liuzhou Hospital of Southern Medical University, Guangxi, - - 2014
To investigate the patient satisfaction with medications commonly used for migraine therapy in patients seen in headache clinic in China with emphasis on the evaluation of Chinese patent medicine (CPM) in relieving acute migraine attack. Patients admitted at headache clinics in the neurological departments of four hospitals during April to ...
Alexiades-Armenakas Macrene - - 2013
<strong>PARTICIPANTS</strong><br><br> <strong>Macrene Alexiades-Armenakas MD PhD</strong> holds three Harvard degrees, an extensive 20+ year background in research, and runs clinical and laboratory studies focusing on anti-aging skin care, acne, skin cancer, and lasers. Her clinical practice on Park Avenue is focused on dermatology and laser surgery. Dr. Alexiades holds a BA ...
Abbott Kristin - - 2013
Synchronized skating is a unique sport of team skating and currently represents the largest competitive discipline in U.S. Figure Skating. Synchronized skating allows skaters to compete as part of a team with opportunities to represent their country in international competitions. As the popularity of the sport continues to grow, more ...
Greenberg Ruth B RB University of Louisville School of Medicine, 500 South Preston Street, Louisville, KY, 40202, USA, - - 2013
Little is known about how medical students view academic medicine. This multi-institutional study explored student perceptions of this career path. During 2009-2010, third- and fourth-year students at three United States medical schools completed a 30-item online survey. In total, 239 students completed the questionnaire (37 % response rate). Significant predictors of ...
Asscher Eva C A - - 2013
Wish-fulfilling medicine appears to be on the rise. It can be defined as 'doctors and other health professionals using medical means (medical technology, drugs, and so on) in a medical setting to fulfil the explicitly stated, prima facie non-medical wish of a patient'. Some instances of wish fulfilling medicine can ...
Blay Sergio L - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine the prevalence and characteristics of adult psychotropic medication use in São Paulo, Brazil. Information on lifetime and 12-month psychotropic medication use, and psychiatric status was obtained from a representative sample of 2000 adults aged 18-65 years in São Paulo, Brazil. Lifetime and ...
Madadin Mohammed S - - 2013
This study assesses the knowledge about, awareness of, and attitudes toward forensic medicine and the forensic medicine undergraduate course among medical students at the University of Dammam in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 143 fourth-year students. We used a structured, self-administered questionnaire containing 10 items relating ...
Stavrou Antonio - - 2013
Professor Archibald Cochrane (1909-1988) is considered to be the originator of the idea of evidence-based medicine in our era. With his landmark book 'Effectiveness and Efficiency: Random Reflections on Health services' he managed to inspire and positively influence the medical society with respect to the proper assessment of reliable evidence ...
James Douglas D King's College, London, - - 2013
Portraits are underused in the medical biographies of patients, yet they can illuminate health concerns and even health itself in many ways. Tying portraiture and medicine together analytically yields many insights into Pope's medical biography - from his response to satirical ridicule to his friends' concern for his health - ...
Khushf George - - 2013
This essay considers implications of formal mereologies and ontologies for medical metaphysics. Edward Fried's extensional mereological account of the human body is taken as representative of a prominent strand in analytic metaphysics that has close affinities with medical positivism. I show why such accounts fail. First, I consider how Fried ...
Wolk Adam - - 2013
Evaluate the effect of a modest financial incentive on time-to-discharge summary dictation among medicine residents. Pay-for-performance incentives are used in a number of health care settings. Studies are lacking on their use with medical residents and other trainees. Timely completion of discharge summaries is necessary for effective follow-up after hospitalization, ...
Mason Nicola C - - 2013
There is a widespread perception that trainees in medicine in the UK are 'not as good as they used to be' and reduction in hours of training is often cited as one cause. However, there are no data on the current experience of medical trainees in general medicine. The experience ...
Piątkowski Włodzimierz - - 2013
Introduction and objective: The presented analysis is a reconstruction of the origins, inspirations for development, and theoretical foundations of the critical and unmasking trend in Polish and Western medical sociology. Abbreviated description of the state of knowledge: As a part of the critical medical sociology initiated in Poland by Professor ...
Ponti Giovanni G Department of Clinical-Diagnostic Medicine and Public Health, University Hospital of Modena and Reggio Emilia via del Pozzo Modena, - - 2013
Giuseppe Moscati was a physician, medical school professor and a pioneer in the field of biochemistry and Italian studies on diabetes. He was declared a Catholic saint in 1987. In order to respond better to both the physical and spiritual needs of his patients, he developed his own holistic approach ...
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