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Kerwin Leonard Y LY Department of Dermatology, Wayne State University, Dearborn, MI, - - 2014
Cosmetic, functional, and structural sequelae of scarring are innumerable, and measures exist to optimize and ultimately minimize these sequelae. To evaluate the innumerable methods available to decrease the cosmetic, functional, and structural repercussions of scarring, pubMed search of the English literature with key words scar, scar revision, scar prevention, scar ...
Gasenzer E R ER Lehrstuhl für Chirurgische Forschung, Institut für Forschung in der Operativen Medizin, Fakultät für Medizin der Universität Witten/Herdecke, Campus Köln-Merheim,Ostmerheimer Str. 200, 51109, Köln, Germany, - - 2014
The composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy and his sister, Fanny Hensel, both died in 1847 of intracerebral hemorrhage. Also their father and grandfather had died of cerebral strokes. Their cases show the dramatic progress of an arteriovenous malformation in the nineteenth century, but also the development of new romantic styles in the ...
Dellenbaugh Samuel G SG OrthoNY, 121 Everett Road, Albany, NY 12205, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Arthritis of the foot can be a difficult problem. It is initially managed with antiinflammatory medications and footwear modifications or bracing. However, a significant percentage of people with arthritis of the foot go on to require surgical intervention, which is most commonly arthrodesis.
Mukherjee Nisha N Department of Ophthalmology, Duke Eye Center, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, - - 2014
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a disorder of elevated intracranial pressure due to an unknown cause. In most cases, IIH can be managed with medical therapy and weight reduction. Surgical treatment of IIH is reserved for patients who cannot tolerate medical therapy, are nonadherent to medical therapy, develop progressive symptoms ...
Brown Calvin A CA 3rd Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston, - - 2014
Pre-hospital airway management is a key component of resuscitation although the benefit of pre-hospital intubation has been widely debated. We report a large series of pre-hospital emergency airway encounters performed by air-transport providers in a large, multi-state system. We retrospectively reviewed electronic intubation flight records from an 89 rotorcraft air ...
Sauerland Stefan S Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG), Im Mediapark 8, 50670, Cologne, Germany, - - 2014
The surgical community and the medical device industry enjoy a fruitful cooperation for the benefit of patients, but during the last years several high-risk products have led to problems and scandals, thus highlighting the need for reforms in European CE marking requirements. In October 2013, the European Parliament voted on ...
Hong Jennifer J Section of Neurosurgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, NH, - - 2014
Medically refractory headache is an uncommon but difficult-to-treat clinical problem. Patients who fail maximal medical management may be candidates for invasive treatment. In this review, we critically examine the literature on the range of surgical treatments currently available for migraine, trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias, idiopathic intracranial hypertension and Chiari malformation type ...
Ginawi I I Faculty, College of Medicine, University of Hail , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the incidence of Nosocomial Infection (NI) and type of bacteriological isolates among the patients admitted in the medical and surgical wards of a non-teaching secondary care hospital in north India. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional hospital based study conducted in the Wards of General Medicine, ...
Tasaka Chelsea L CL University of California, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Overutilization of stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP) in the intensive care unit (ICU) is common. Acid-suppressive therapies routinely used for SUP are best reserved for patients with greatest risk of clinically important bleeding as they have been associated with nosocomial pneumonia, Clostridium difficile infection and increased hospital cost. The primary objective ...
Zhang Wei W Research Institute of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Nanjing University School of Medicine, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, P.R. - - 2014
There are very few reports available on the role of medical and surgical therapy for enterovesical fistula (EVF) in Crohn's disease (CD). The goal of this study was to investigate the respective role of medical and surgical therapy. Thirty-seven patients with EVF in CD, who were consecutively admitted to our ...
Kahokehr Arman A Department of Urology, Tauranga Hospital, Bay of Plenty District Health Board, Cameron Road, Private Bag 12024, Tauranga 3143, New - - 2014
Clinicians treat the symptoms associated with BPH on a daily basis. Although BPH is nearly universal with age, not all men develop lower urinary tract symptoms. Over the past 100 years, several notable advances in the field of urology have not only improved our understanding of the aetiology and natural ...
Mills Peter D PD VA National Center for Patient Safety Field Office, White River Junction, Vermont; Department of Psychiatry, The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New - - 2014
Studies of inpatient suicide attempts and completions on medical-surgical and intensive care units are rare, and there are no large studies in the United States. We reviewed 50 cases, including 45 suicide attempts and 5 completed suicides, that occurred on medical surgical or intensive care units in the Veterans Health ...
Humes D J DJ Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre and Biomedical Research Unit, Nottingham University Hospital NHS Trust, Nottingham, - - 2014
Acute diverticulitis, defined as acute inflammation associated with a colonic diverticulum, is a common emergency presentation managed by both surgeons and physicians. There have been advances in both the medical and the surgical treatments offered to patients in recent years. To review the current understanding of the aetiology and treatment ...
Michelson James D JD Departments of Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, Burlington, VT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Text mining techniques to detect surgical site infections (SSI) in unstructured clinical notes were used to improve SSI detection. In conjuction with data from an integrated electronic medical record, all of the 22 SSIs detected by traditional hospital-based surveillance were found using text mining, along with an additional 37 SSIs not ...
Mans Christoph - - 2014
Pet birds suffer from a wide range of reproductive conditions and diseases. Chronic egg laying, egg binding, and excessive reproductive activities are common problems. Veterinarians may prescribe behavior modification, changes in captive care, and medical therapy to curb these behaviors. Surgical removal of the oviduct is effective at stopping egg ...
Hassan Ali A Section of Neurology, Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, Taibah University, PO Box 51099, Madinah Munawarah 41543, Kingdom of Saudi - - 2014
Epilepsy is a common and serious chronic neurological disorder, affecting around 65 million people worldwide. Despite the advances in pharmacologic treatments for epilepsy, approximately 30% of the patients remain medically refractory and continue to have seizures on medications, in such cases, other treatment approaches are necessary. Resection surgery can be ...
Jain Rajendra Singh RS Department of Neurology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, - - 2014
Tubercular abscess is a rare presentation of central nervous system tuberculosis (TB), which commonly presents as tuberculoma or meningitis. Most of the published cases of tubercular brain abscess have been dealt with by surgical treatment along with medical management. We here report a case of intracranial tubercular abscess in a ...
Rosen Amy K AK *Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research (CHOIR) †Department of Surgery, Boston University School of Medicine ‡Department of Operations and Technology Management, Boston University School of Management §Department of Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston ∥Center for Healthcare Organization and Implementation Research (CHOIR), Bedford ¶Section of General Internal Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine #Department of Health Policy and Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, - - 2013
Readmissions are an attractive quality measure because they offer a broad view of quality beyond the index hospitalization. However, the extent to which medical or surgical readmissions reflect quality of care is largely unknown, because of the complexity of factors related to readmission. Identifying those readmissions that are clinically related ...
Padwal Raj S RS *Department of Medicine, University of Alberta †Alberta Diabetes Institute ‡Department of Surgery and CAMIS (Center for the Advancement of Minimally Invasive Surgery), Royal Alexandra Hospital §Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, - - 2013
Multidisciplinary bariatric care is increasingly being delivered in Canada within publicly funded regional programs. Demand is high, wait lists are long, and clinical effectiveness is unknown. To examine the "real-world" outcomes associated with a publicly funded, population-based regional bariatric (medical and surgical) program. Prospective observational cohort. Five hundred consecutive patients ...
Chwastiak Lydia A LA Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Electronic address: - - 2013
Medical-surgical rehospitalizations within a month after discharge among patients with diabetes result in tremendous costs to the US health care system. The study's aim was to examine whether co-morbid serious mental illness diagnoses (bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or other psychotic disorders) among patients with diabetes are independently associated with medical-surgical rehospitalization ...
Steinhausen Simone S Institute for Research in Operative Medicine (IFOM), Witten/Herdecke University, Campus Cologne-Merheim, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
To analyze whether patients' perception of their medical treatment outcome is higher among patients who experienced a higher empathy by trauma surgeons during their stay in hospital. 127 patients were surveyed six weeks after discharge from the trauma surgical general ward. Subjective evaluation of medical treatment outcome was measured with ...
Youngson George G - - 2013
Whilst the steps for reacting to and communicating following a surgical error should be clear to all, actual practice is punctuated by a range of failures which lead to the harm done by the error being compounded by inadequacies in the disclosure and subsequent processes. This article outlines best practice ...
Perry M Scott - - 2013
Nearly one third of patients with epilepsy become medically intractable, and the likelihood of achieving seizure freedom decreases with each additional medication trial. For appropriately chosen patients, epilepsy surgery affords the opportunity to achieve seizure freedom and potentially wean off medications. Epilepsy surgery, as with medical management, is not without ...
Wu Allan Y AY Regenerative Surgery, The Morrow Institute , Rancho Mirage, - - 2013
Abstract Regenerative surgery (RS) may be functionally defined as: the application of regenerative material and techniques such as live cells or cell-derived material with surgical methods to affect clinical therapy for disease or restore normal human function. A global review of RS as it relates to formal residency and fellowship ...
Wilfong Angus A AA Division of Pediatric Neurology, Baylor College of Medicine, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas, - - 2013
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) present a difficult medical problem, manifested by gelastic seizures, which are often medically intractable. Although existing techniques offer modest surgical outcomes with the potential for significant morbidity, the relatively novel technique of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided stereotactic laser ablation (SLA) offers a potentially safer, minimally invasive method ...
Dionigi Renzo R 1st Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgical Sciences and Human Morphology, Endocrine Surgery Research Center, University of Insubria, Varese, - - 2013
The spleen has been considered for millennia a fascinating and mysterious organ with multiple functions. The spleen has long been an organ of interest in popular as well as medical literature. A literature (Pubmed) and historical review about splenectomy has been performed. The importance of spleen and the related surgical ...
Ortiz-Diaz Enrique - - 2013
Intra-abdominal Hypertension/ Abdominal Compartment Syndrome (IAH/ACS) is a well-recognized entity among surgical sub-specialties. Nevertheless, it has been proven to be present in the medical critically ill population. Prospective and retrospective observational studies have found medical patients with IAH/ACS to be associated with death in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and ...
Adil Eelam - - 2013
To present the current medical and surgical treatment options for Eustachian tube dysfunction. Balloon dilation or microdebrider Eustachian tuboplasty are feasible treatment options for patients with refractory dilatory dysfunction as an alternative to tympanostomy tube placement. There is increasing evidence that repair of patulous Eustachian tubes by the insertion of ...
Indraratna Praveen - - 2013
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an alternative treatment to aortic valve replacement (AVR) for selected patients with severe aortic stenosis. The present systematic review was conducted to analyze the cost-effectiveness of this novel technique within reimbursed healthcare systems. Two reviewers used 7 electronic databases from January 2000 ...
Iqbal Muhammad Waqas - - 2013
Abstract Background and Purpose: Struvite stones have been associated with significant morbidity and mortality, yet there has not been a report on the medical management of struvite stones in almost 20 years. We report on the contemporary outcomes of the surgical and medical management of struvite stones in a contemporary ...
Kennedy Amy L - - 2013
Medication discontinuation is a common result of bariatric surgery. The influence of individual patient characteristics and surgical outcomes on overall and specific medication discontinuation is not well understood. The purpose of the current study was to assess changes in medication use and identify individual characteristics and surgical outcomes associated with ...
Mylon Peter - - 2013
Research from a number of areas was surveyed, including hand function; skin friction; manual performance testing; glove comfort, fit and durability; and user perception. The relevance of the research to medical glove design was discussed. It was concluded that, while an understanding has been gained of the factors that affect ...
Alton Timothy B - - 2013
Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare, serious and increasingly frequent diagnosis. Ideal management (medical vs surgical) remains controversial. The purpose of this study is to assess the impact of risk factors, organisms, location and extent of SEA on neurological outcome after medical management or surgery in combination with medical ...
Medina Alma - - 2013
Central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates above the national average precipitated a quality improvement project aimed at reducing this trend. We implemented daily chlorhexidine bathing and used 4 strategies to promote a change in practice and culture in our medical/surgical units. These strategies include the following: (1) staff education, (2) ...
Chen Sue - - 2014
Several medical therapeutic options are available for the management of the clinical signs of adrenal disease in ferrets. Many of these medical modalities seem to be well tolerated and are a suitable alternative to adrenalectomy, especially for ferrets that are not surgical candidates. However, drugs that are currently available only ...
Zampieri Fabio - - 2013
Pietro Gradenigo (1831-1904) represents one of the greatest eras of cultural and scientific activity in Italian ophthalmology. Padua's Vincenzo Pinali Medico-historical Library preserves 2 series of ophthalmologic wax models. Made by Pietro Gradenigo in 1884-1889, the first consists of 18 waxes and shows different eyes diseases, such as neoplasm and ...
Daly C - - 2013
Accurate hospital admission/initial history and physical examination [H&P] notes are vital to support patient care. We aimed to assess the quality of H&P notes and to compare medical/surgical, and inpatient/outpatient H&P notes. A cross-sectional study examined 154 initial H&P notes for the adherence to a standard protocol in a tertiary ...
Todd Nicholas V - - 2013
A working knowledge of the legal principles of medical negligence is helpful to neurosurgeons. It helps them to act in a "reasonable, responsible and logical" manner, that is a practice that is consistent with the surgical practice of their peers. This article will review and explain the relevant medical law ...
Iqbal Muhammad W - - 2013
Introduction: Struvite stones have been associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Yet, there has not been a report on the medical management of struvite stones in almost 20 years. We report on the contemporary outcomes of the surgical and medical management of struvite stones in a contemporary series. Patients and ...
Thenganatt Mary Ann - - 2013
Selecting the appropriate treatment for dystonia begins with proper classification of disease based on age, distribution, and underlying etiology. The therapies available for dystonia include oral medications, botulinum toxin, and surgical procedures. Oral medications are generally reserved for generalized and segmental dystonia. Botulinum toxin revolutionized the treatment of focal dystonia ...
Yorkgitis Brian K - - 2013
Acute coronary syndrome affects more than 750,000 Americans per year, and antiplatelet agents are the cornerstones of treatment. Atrial fibrillation affects 2.4 million patients in the United States, and venous thromboembolism occurs in 1 to 2 per 1,000 adults per year. Anticoagulants are commonly prescribed to affected patients. Surgeons are ...
Kushner Robert F RF Medicine Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL. Electronic address: - - 2014
Obesity is one of the most serious and prevalent non-communicable diseases of the 21st century. It is also a patient-centered condition in which affected individuals seek treatment through a variety of commercial, medical and surgical approaches. Considering obesity as a chronic medical disease state helps to frame the concept of ...
Fontaine Denys - - 2013
Although most patients suffering from trigeminal neuralgia (TN) respond to medical or surgical treatment, nonresponders remain in very severe painful condition. We describe for the first time a case of severe refractory classical TN treated successfully (follow-up one year) by chronic bilateral occipital nerve stimulation (ONS), because other classic medical ...
Singh Harminder - - 2013
Medical and surgical graduate medical education has historically used a halstedian approach of "see one, do one, teach one." Increased public demand for safety, quality, and accountability in the setting of regulated resident work hours and limited resources is driving the development of innovative educational tools. The use of simulation ...
Grigg Megan - - 2013
Surgery is an emotionally, physically and mentally challenging profession, and medical students factor in many variables when choosing surgery as a career choice. The aim of this study is to review the available literature on the factors influencing Australian medical students' choice of surgery as their career. A search of ...
Tevlin Ruth - - 2013
Human error is the major causal factor of industrial and transportation accidents and healthcare is not immune to the effects of human error. Medical error can be defined as the failure of the planned action to be completed as intended or the use of a wrong plan to achieve an ...
Rickenbacher Nadja - - 2013
Medical, endoscopic, and open/laparoscopic surgical methods are used to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). This study aimed to perform a systematic review of randomized controlled trials comparing medical and surgical treatments of GERD in adult patients. For the study, MEDLINE and EMBASE (1980-2012) were searched. Two reviewers independently assessed methodologic ...
Martinez William - - 2013
The "hidden curriculum" and role models for responding to medical errors might play a central role in influencing residents' attitudes about disclosure. We sought to compare surgical and nonsurgical residents' exposure to role modeling for responding to medical errors and their attitudes about error disclosure. We conducted a cross-sectional, electronic ...
Perrone Anna Myriam - - 2013
The aim of our study was to explore the effects on symptoms and female sexual function of the medical management with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) in women of more than 45 years old compared to surgical management. Women with symptomatic uterine fibroids were enrolled to participate to the present open-label ...
Rutkow Ira - - 2013
To understand the institutions, personnel, and events that shaped postgraduate medical schools in late 19th- and early 20th-century America. In a little remembered chapter of American surgical medical history, postgraduate medical schools played a decisive role in surgery's march toward professionalization and specialization. While William Halsted was first establishing his ...
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