Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1487
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Schneider Kathryn J KJ Faculty of Kinesiology, Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada Faculty of Medicine, Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute for Child & Maternal Health, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, - - 2014
Concussion is a common injury in sport. Most individuals recover in 7-10 days but some have persistent symptoms. The objective of this study was to determine if a combination of vestibular rehabilitation and cervical spine physiotherapy decreased the time until medical clearance in individuals with prolonged postconcussion symptoms. This study was ...
Morrissey James F - - 2014
Abstract Introduction. Prehospital spine immobilization has long been applied to victims of trauma in the United States and up to 5 million patients per year are immobilized mostly with a cervical collar and a backboard. Objective. The training of paramedics and emergency medical technicians on the principals of spine motion ...
Stephenson Megan L ML Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of California Irvine Medical Center, 101 The City Drive South, Building 56, Suite 800, Orange, CA 92868, - - 2014
Labor induction and cervical ripening are widely utilized and new methods are constantly being investigated. Prostaglandins have been shown to be effective labor induction agents and, in particular, were compared with other prostaglandin preparations; vaginal misoprostol used off-label was associated with reduced failure to achieve vaginal delivery. The challenge is ...
Teresiński Grzegorz - - 2013
In clinical practice, cervical spine distortion or whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) are diagnosed exclusively on the basis of subjective complaints presented by the patients and by information that they were involved in traffic collisions. Therefore, from the forensic point of view, it is essential to verify all diagnosed WADs in the ...
Bettencourt Robert Brian - - 2013
Spinal cord injuries are uncommon in sports. Planning and practice for their occurrence, however, remains an essential component of Sideline Medical Team preparedness. Evaluation of cervical nerve injury, cervical cord injury, and cervical disc disease can be complex. Medical management, diagnostic imaging techniques and surgical recommendations in this setting continue ...
Teresiński Grzegorz - - 2013
For many years, researchers involved in automotive industry and forensic medicine, as well as insurance companies have shown great interest in the issues of etiology and prevention of cervical spine distortion. The etiopathogenesis of whiplash-associated disorders (WADs) remains controversial and its morphological determinants have not been explicitly determined to date. ...
Hou S-P - - 2013
In China, most women with intrauterine devices (IUDs) ask to have them removed following the menopause. As the cervix is stenotic after the menopause and most IUDs do not have a thread attached, various medical methods are used for cervical ripening prior to IUD removal. A systematic review of the ...
Suchowersky Oksana - - 2013
Editors' Note: In response to "Evidence-based guideline: pharmacologic treatment of chorea in Huntington disease," Dr. Suchowersky comments on the need for caution in prescribing tetrabenazine with other medications metabolized by cytochrome P450. Authors Armstrong and Miyasaki encourage clinicians to consult prescribing details before starting any medications. In reference to "Antiplatelets ...
Hazebroucq V - - 2012
A series of serious accidents following spinal, cervical and lumbar foraminal injections has led French medical insurers to start discussions with professional radiologists to ask us to take the necessary measures allowing them to continue to cover the exceptional but considerable risks of these interventional radiology procedures. This article summarises ...
Schuurmans Macé M - - 2012
Lung transplant recipients (LTRs) are prone to medical complications and emergencies due to the transplanted organ being in constant direct contact with the environment and the need for life-long profound immunosuppression (IS). As a result of these specific circumstances, the medical and surgical management of LTRs frequently differs from usual ...
Agasthian Thirugnanam - - 2012
Bronchiectasis and lung abscess are generally treated medically, reserving surgery for when medical treatment has failed. Current goals of surgical therapy for bronchiectasis are to offer possible cure and better quality of life after medical treatment has failed and to resolve and prevent complications, such as empyema, severe hemoptysis, and ...
Rose Cecile - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To review inhalational exposures and respiratory disease risks in US military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan and to develop consensus recommendations for medical screening and diagnostic referral. METHODS:: A Working Group of physicians and exposure scientists from academia and from the Departments of Defense and Veterans Affairs was ...
Williams Jacqueline P - - 2012
Since 9/11, there have been concerns that terrorists may detonate a radiological or nuclear device in an American city. Aside from several decorporation and blocking agents for use against internal radionuclide contamination, there are currently no medications within the Strategic National Stockpile that are approved to treat the immediate or ...
Franck D - - 2012
To provide medical surveillance of workers exposed to risk of internal contamination, IRSN (French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety) has developed two mobile laboratories for on-site monitoring. The laboratories are unique in Europe. They meet the new radiation protection requirements for nuclear medicine departments and radiological emergency response. ...
Dewitt Esi Morgan - - 2012
Transport of ions to generate epithelial rehydration (TIGER)-1 was a randomized trial conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of denufosol versus placebo in patients with cystic fibrosis with mild impairment in lung function. The trial met its primary end point at 24 weeks, but a subsequent trial did not ...
Ogbeide O U - - 2011
Chest radiographs are routinely requested as part of the medical screening process prior to admission to institutions. Literature on the yield of such an exercise is sparse especially in the Nigerian setting. This study was therefore carried out to assess the usefulness of routine chest radiography for students at the ...
Greenhagen Robert M - - 2011
Internal fixation has become a pillar of surgical specialties, yet the evolution of these devices has been relatively short. The first known description of medical management of a fracture was found in the Edwin Smith Papyrus of Ancient Egypt (circa 2600 bc). The first description of internal fixation in the ...
Johnson Maree - - 2011
Medication administration is a frequent nursing activity that is prone to error. In this study of 318 self-reported medication incidents (including near misses), very few resulted in patient harm-7% required intervention or prolonged hospitalization or caused temporary harm. Aronson's classification system provided an excellent framework for analysis of the incidents ...
Thompson Trevonne M - - 2011
Some medication dosing protocols are logistically complex for traditional physician ordering. The use of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) with templates, or order sets, may be useful to reduce medication administration errors. This study evaluated the rate of medication administration errors using CPOE order sets for N-acetylcysteine (NAC) use in ...
Khadem Nasim R - - 2010
Outpatient pharmacy errors are common, but little is known about their occurrence in Parkinson's disease (PD). We prospectively studied carbidopa/levodopa pharmacy errors in a cohort of PD outpatients. Over 1 year, pharmacy errors occurred in 8/73 (11%) subjects treated with this medication, producing adverse drug events (ADEs) in 7/8 (87.5%) ...
Chapuis Claire - - 2010
We aimed to assess the impact of an automated dispensing system on the incidence of medication errors related to picking, preparation, and administration of drugs in a medical intensive care unit. We also evaluated the clinical significance of such errors and user satisfaction. Preintervention and postintervention study involving a control ...
Gonzales Kelly - - 2010
There are a variety of factors that make the pediatric population more susceptible to medication errors and potential complications resulting from medication administration including the availability of different dosage forms of the same medication, incorrect dosing, lack of standardized dosing regimen, and organ system maturity. A systematic literature search on ...
Gany Francesca M - - 2010
Over 22 million US residents are limited English proficient. Hospitals often call upon untrained persons to interpret. There is a dearth of information on errors in medical interpreting and their impact upon cancer education. We conducted an experimental study of standardized medical interpreting training on interpreting errors in the cancer ...
Salem Rany M RM University of California, San Diego, CA, - - 2010
The Veterans Affairs Hypertension Primary Care Longitudinal Cohort (VAHC) was initiated in 2003 as a pilot study designed to link the VA electronic medical record system with individual genetic data. Between June 2003 and December 2004, 1,527 hypertensive participants were recruited. Protected health information (PHI) was extracted from the regional ...
Helmchen Lorens A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although strongly favored by patients and ethically imperative for providers, the disclosure of medical errors to patients remains rare because providers fear that it will trigger lawsuits and jeopardize their reputation. To date little is known how patients might respond to their providers' disclosure of a medical error even ...
Weant Kyle A - - 2010
The effect of an emergency medicine (EM) clinical pharmacist on medication-error reporting in an emergency department (ED) was studied. The medication-error reports for patients seen at a university's ED between September 1, 2005, and February 28, 2009, were retrospectively reviewed. Errors reported before the addition of an EM pharmacist (from ...
van Waes J A R - - 2010
Inappropriate withdrawal or continuation of medication in the perioperative period is associated with an increased risk for adverse events. To reduce this risk, it is important that patients take their regular medication as prescribed. We evaluated this treatment objective by studying the frequency and reasons for errors related to medication ...
Sadat-Ali Mir - - 2010
To assess the prevalence and characteristics of medication errors (ME) in patients admitted to King Fahd University Hospital, Alkhobar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Medication errors are documented by the nurses and physicians standard reporting forms (Hospital Based Incident Report). The study was carried out in King Fahd University Hospital, Alkhobar, ...
Hickner John - - 2010
In this study, we developed and field tested the Medication Error and Adverse Drug Event Reporting System (MEADERS)-an easy-to-use, Web-based reporting system designed for busy office practices. We conducted a 10-week field test of MEADERS in which 220 physicians and office staff from 24 practices reported medication errors and adverse ...
Vilensky Daniel - - 2011
Communication errors are a source of preventable medical errors. In high-risk health care settings, identifying the source and addressing root causes can reduce error and improve patient safety. While air medical transport is a high-risk setting, its sources and rates of error have been investigated only within the last several ...
Miller April D - - 2010
Nighttime and weekend admission has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality and has been linked to a variety of factors. Medication errors in hospitalized patients occur frequently, but the association between error rates and time of day and day of week (weekday vs weekend) has not been extensively studied. ...
Lisby M - - 2010
Multiplicity in terminology has been suggested as a possible explanation for the variation in the prevalence of medication errors. So far, few empirical studies have challenged this assertion. The objective of this review was, therefore, to describe the extent and characteristics of medication error definitions in hospitals and to consider ...
Climente-Martí Mónica - - 2010
Medication discrepancies, defined as unexplained variations among drug regimens at care transitions, are common. Some are unintended and cause reconciliation errors that are potentially detrimental for patients. To determine the prevalence of medication discrepancies and reconciliation errors at admission and discharge in hospitalized patients and explore risk factors for reconciliation ...
Coffey Maitreya - - 2010
PURPOSE: Although experts advise disclosing medical errors to patients, individual physicians' different levels of knowledge and comfort suggest a gap between recommendations and practice. This study explored pediatric residents' knowledge and attitudes about disclosure. METHOD: In 2006, the authors of this single-center, mixed-methods study surveyed 64 pediatric residents at the ...
Choo Janet - - 2010
To explore the nurse's role in the process of medication management and identify the challenges associated with safe medication management in contemporary clinical practice. Medication errors have been a long-standing factor affecting consumer safety. The nursing profession has been identified as essential to the promotion of patient safety. A review ...
Russell Rebecca A - - 2010
Errors and the incorrect use of medications are significant sources of risk and harm to children in US hospitals. The risk associated with medication infusions has led to recommendations for the adoption of technologies including computer order physician entry (CPOE) and 'smart' infusion pumps despite a paucity of evidence demonstrating ...
Lander Lina - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify and quantify errors and adverse events on an inpatient academic tertiary-care pediatric otolaryngology service, a trigger tool was developed and validated as part of a quality improvement initiative. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective record review. SETTING: Children's Hospital Boston quality improvement initiative. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty inpatient admissions were ...
Madan Alok - - 2010
A variety of approaches are available to monitor and quantify the frequency of medical errors and the harm associated with them. The University HealthSystem Consortium Patient Safety Net provides a categorical, rank-ordered approach for designating harm associated with medical errors but does not lend itself to routine monitoring of change ...
Morimoto Takeshi - - 2011
The epidemiology of adverse drug events (ADEs) and medication errors has received little evaluation outside the U.S. and Europe, and extrapolating from these data might not be valid, especially regarding selecting and prioritizing solutions. To assess the incidence and preventability of ADEs and medication errors in Japan. The Japan Adverse ...
Ciarkowski Scott L - - 2010
The safe prescribing, use, administration, and monitoring of medications are an important component of patient safety efforts and are of particular importance to the obstetrician/gynecologist. Safe use of medications requires a team-based approach focused on medication safety with effective 2-way communication, use of technology to prevent and identify errors, diligent ...
White Rachel E - - 2010
To determine what components of a checklist contribute to effective detection of medication errors at the bedside. High-fidelity simulation study of outpatient chemotherapy administration. Usability laboratory. Nurses from an outpatient chemotherapy unit, who used two different checklists to identify four categories of medication administration errors. Rates of specified types of ...
Yu Yao-Chang - - 2012
An Institute of Medicine Report stated there are 98,000 people annually who die due to medication related errors in the United States, and hospitals and other medical institutions are thus being pressed to use technologies to reduce such errors. One approach is to provide a suitable protocol that can cooperate ...
Kaushal Rainu - - 2010
Medication errors are common in many settings and have important ramifications. Although there is growing research on rates and characteristics of medication errors in adult ambulatory settings, less is known about the paediatric ambulatory setting. To assess medication error rates in paediatric patients in ambulatory settings. The authors conducted a ...
Zaal Rianne J - - 2010
To compare determinants for medication errors leading to patient harm with determinants for medication errors without patient harm. A two-way case-control design was used to identify determinants for medication errors without harm (substudy 1) and determinants for medication errors causing harm (substudy 2). Data of patients admitted to five internal ...
Nguyen Elisa E - - 2010
The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether a Medication Pass Time Out initiative was effective and sustainable in reducing medication administration errors. A retrospective descriptive method was used for this research, where a structured Medication Pass Time Out program was implemented following staff and physician education. As a ...
Bucknall Tracey K - - 2010
Human error occurs in every occupation. Medical errors may result in a near miss or an actual injury to a patient that has nothing to do with the underlying medical condition. Intensive care has one of the highest incidences of medical error and patient injury in any specialty medical area; ...
Procyshyn Ric M - - 2010
Medication errors are among the most common medical errors and cause significant morbidity and in some cases mortality. The objective of this article is to review the literature on medication errors in psychiatry. We completed a comprehensive search of both peer- and non-peer-reviewed articles that investigated medication errors in psychiatry. ...
Peyton Lauren L Regional Medical Center, Memphis, TN, USA. - - 2010
To determine the accuracy of medication reconciliation in an internal medicine clinic and to evaluate pharmacist interventions targeted at improving the accuracy of medication reconciliation. Prospective case series. Memphis, TN, from October 2007 to March 2008. 180 adults attending an internal medicine appointment. On patient arrival, a nurse completed the ...
Zwaan Laura - - 2010
Diagnostic errors often result in patient harm. Previous studies have shown that there is large variability in results in different medical specialties. The present study explored diagnostic adverse events (DAEs) across all medical specialties to determine their incidence and to gain insight into their causes and consequences by comparing them ...
Ramsay Angus - - 2010
'Organisational governance'--the systems, processes, behaviours and cultures by which an organisation leads and controls its functions to achieve its objectives--is seen as an important influence on patient safety. The features of 'good' governance remain to be established, partly because the relationship between governance and safety requires more investigation. To describe ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >