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Lamarine Roland J - - 2012
Marijuana has been used medically since antiquity. In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in medical applications of various cannabis preparations. These drugs have been cited in the medical literature as potential secondary treatment agents for severe pain, muscle spasticity, anorexia, nausea, sleep disturbances, and numerous other ...
Okamura Tomonori - - 2012
A 10-year follow-up cohort study of 4,535 National Health Insurance beneficiaries aged 40 to 69 years in Shiga was performed as part of a research project conducted by the Health Promotion Research Committee of the Shiga National Health Insurance Organizations in 2002. The relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and medical ...
Nardes Flávia - - 2012
To survey the medical literature directed to the study of cognitive dysfunction in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy through description of the milestones of neurological development and psychometric tests for quantifying intelligence. Non-systematic review of aspects of cognition in Duchenne muscular dystrophy in the major medical scientific bases: MEDLINE, LILACS, ...
van den Heuvel M G W - - 2012
Background. Statins and other cardiovascular medication possess antioxidant capacity. It was examined whether chronic use of these medications protects from the development of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) related complications after DIEP (Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Free Flap) surgery. This paper contains a literature study on the antioxidant working mechanisms of these drugs. ...
Evans Sally - - 2012
Scant data are available on the annual incapacitation rate of aircrew. This study analyzes all incapacitations occurring among UK commercial pilots, in flight and off duty, in 2004 to derive a baseline minimum annual incapacitation rate for the UK commercial pilot population. The study cohort was all professional pilots holding ...
Trovato Guglielmo M - - 2012
Health and disease of individuals and of populations are the result of three groups of risk factors: genetics, environment and behavior. Assessment, interventions and tailored changes are possible with integrated approaches more effective if respectful of individuals and different cultures. Assessment tools and integrated interventional strategies are available, but widespread ...
Bawaskar Himmatrao Saluba - - 2012
Scorpion envenomation is an important public health hazard in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Envenomation by scorpions can result in a wide range of clinical effects, including, cardiotoxicity, neurotoxicity and respiratory dysfunction. Out of 1500 scorpion species known to exist, about 30 are of medical importance. Although a variety of different ...
Carter Karen - - 2012
Detailed cause of death data by age group and sex are critical to identify key public health issues and target interventions appropriately. In this study the quality of local routinely collected cause of death data from medical certification is reviewed, and a cause of death profile for Tonga based on ...
Superko H Robert - - 2012
3-Hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitor medications, commonly referred to as statins, are among the most widely prescribed medications. Variation in individual response to statins concerning low-density lipoprotein cholesterol reduction, clinical event benefit, and side effects has been observed. Some of this variability is attributed to demographic and environmental issues, chief ...
Lambru Giorgio - - 2012
Chronic daily headache is a major worldwide health problem that affects 3-5% of the population and results in substantial disability. Advances in the management of headache disorders have meant that a substantial proportion of patients can be effectively treated with medical treatments. However, a significant minority of these patients are ...
Rambhade Sujit - - 2012
In the past, polypharmacy was referred to the mixing of many drugs in one prescription. Today polypharmacy implies to the prescription of too many medications for an individual patient, with an associated higher risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and interactions. Situations certainly exist where the combination therapy or polytherapy ...
Grant Igor - - 2012
Recent advances in understanding of the mode of action of tetrahydrocannabinol and related cannabinoid in-gredients of marijuana, plus the accumulating anecdotal reports on potential medical benefits have spurred increasing re-search into possible medicinal uses of cannabis. Recent clinical trials with smoked and vaporized marijuana, as well as other botanical extracts ...
Mirrakhimov Aibek E - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and arterial hypertension (AH) are common and underrecognized medical disorders. OSA is a potential risk factor for the development of AH and/or may act as a factor complicating AH management. The symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) are considered essential for the initiation of continuous positive ...
Resnick Andrew S - - 2012
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an increasingly utilized therapeutic modality for the management of medication refractory essential tremor (ET). The aim of this study was to determine whether DBS allowed for anti-tremor medication reduction within the year after the procedure was performed. We conducted a retrospective chart review and telephone ...
Harmsen Charlotte Gry - - 2012
Shared decision-making and patients' choice of interventions are areas of increasing importance, not least seen in the light of the fact that chronic conditions are increasing, interventions considered important for public health, and still non-acceptance of especially risk-reducing treatments of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is prevalent. A better understanding of patients' ...
Vitolins Mara Z - - 2012
Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States. However, physicians feel poorly trained to address the obesity epidemic. This article examines effective training methods for overweight and obesity intervention in undergraduate medical education. Using indexing terms related to overweight, obesity, and medical student education, we ...
Hemming Karla K School of Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Medication errors are an important source of potentially preventable morbidity and mortality. The PINCER study, a cluster randomised controlled trial, is one of the world's first experimental studies aiming to reduce the risk of such medication related potential for harm in general practice. Bayesian analyses can improve the clinical interpretability ...
Bennett Wendy L WL The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, 2024 East Monument Street, Room 2-611, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. - - 2012
In 2007, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality(AHRQ) published a systematic review on the comparative effectiveness of oral medications for type 2 diabetes. The review included studies on the benefits and risks of oral medications used for achieving glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. AHRQ published an ...
Vardi Moshe - - 2012
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is prevalent and is associated with dire consequences. Many VTE events are related to medical hospitalization, and some of these events are avoidable when appropriate measures are taken. Despite the current knowledge of the prevalence and burden of this disease, many internists are reluctant to prescribe pharmacological ...
Bushnell Cheryl - - 2011
: This review summarizes the systematic approaches that can be used to optimize secondary stroke prevention. Systematic secondary stroke prevention involves not only prescribing stroke patients the appropriate medications to manage risk factors, but also optimizing the effectiveness of those drugs by focusing on medication adherence. Medication adherence is defined ...
Ali Dena - - 2011
In light of growing evidence of the association between oral and nonoral diseases, some investigators believe that oral disease is a clinically useful predictor of nonoral conditions in certain individuals. As the dental profession has become more involved in treating medically compromised patients, dentistry has gone from being an "oral ...
Zhou Li - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To develop an automated method based on natural language processing (NLP) to facilitate the creation and maintenance of a mapping between RxNorm and a local medication terminology for interoperability and meaningful use purposes. METHODS: We mapped 5961 terms from Partners Master Drug Dictionary (MDD) and 99 of the top ...
Pausch Niels Christian - - 2011
BACKGROUND: German animal terms have been used to name oral cleft deformity for centuries. However, their contemporary use and influence on cleft patients remain unstudied. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the current use of German animal terms for oral cleft and their influence on the ...
Stolberg Michael - - 2012
Contrary to a widely held belief, the medicalization of obesity is not a recent development. Obesity was extensively discussed in leading early modern medical textbooks, as well as in dozens of seventeenth- and eighteenth-century dissertations. Drawing upon ancient and medieval writings, these works discussed the negative impact of obesity upon ...
Burns Kharis - - 2012
Objective  Cardiovascular disease is a major public health problem despite established treatment guidelines and significant healthcare expenditure worldwide. Poor medication compliance accounts in part for some of the observed evidence/practice gaps. Trials of fixed-dose combination pills are currently underway, but the attitudes of relevant health professionals to the routine use ...
Bruns Deborah - - 2011
The purpose of the study is to provide data about long-term survivors with full trisomy 13 (t13). Mothers of 30 long-term survivors with full t13 completed an online survey. Survey data were downloaded into an SPSS database. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze survey data. Tracking Rare Incidence Syndrome (TRIS) ...
Stevenson Mark - - 2012
Current techniques for knowledge-based Word Sense Disambiguation (WSD) of ambiguous biomedical terms rely on relations in the Unified Medical Language System Metathesaurus but do not take into account the domain of the target documents. The authors' goal is to improve these methods by using information about the topic of the ...
Cashin Richard P - - 2011
Although falls are multifactorial, medications are a key risk factor that may be modifiable. Falls were among the most common occurrences entered into a risk identification system at the authors' hospital. To identify whether general medicine inpatients who had experienced a fall were taking any medications known to be associated ...
Sachse Carola - - 2011
In June 2001, the then president of the Max Planck Society addressed a formal apology to survivors of Nazi medical crimes. Starting from this ritual of repentance, the paper examines the participants' diverse views of how to deal with the medical crimes of National Socialism. In comparison with the DGPPN, ...
McDonald Casey A - - 2011
Oocyte cryopreservation for fertility preservation, in both medical and elective situations, has significantly increased as freezing technology has improved. Slow freezing techniques demonstrated ∼50-80% survival of mature oocytes, however vitrification with ∼97% survival has become the preferred method for oocyte cryopreservation around the world. Our work investigated the effect of ...
Russ Paul - - 2011
PURPOSE: To assess medical students' attitude toward occupational health (OH) in Brazil and Germany before and after a compulsory OH course. METHODS: A questionnaire regarding the attitude toward OH was completed by medical students at the beginning of the OH teaching term at the Federal University of Paraná in Curitiba, ...
Wall L Lewis - - 2011
By their very nature, overseas medical missions (and even domestic medical charities such as "free clinics") are designed to serve "vulnerable populations." If these groups were capable of protecting their own interests, they would not need the help of medical volunteers: their medical needs would be met through existing government ...
Rothwell Peter M - - 2011
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Without improvements in prevention, the burden will increase during the next 20 years because of the ageing population, especially in developing countries. Major advances have occurred in secondary prevention during the past three decades, which demonstrate the broader potential to ...
Rogers Robert L - - 2011
ACADEMIC EMERGENCY MEDICINE 2011; 18:1-6 © 2011 by the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine ABSTRACT: The clerkship director (CD) serves as a faculty leader within a school of medicine and plays a vital role in the hierarchy of undergraduate medical education. Collectively, CDs across specialties serve a multitude of roles ...
Larkin Howard - - 2011
Limited production capacity and concerns about raw materials mean common medications are in short supply. How can your facility avoid a crisis?
Rojavin Yuri - - 2011
Given the increasing number of operational nuclear reactors worldwide, combined with the continued use of radioactive materials in both healthcare and industry, the unlikely occurrence of a civilian nuclear incident poses a small but real danger. This article provides an overview of the most important historical, medical, and scientific aspects ...
Meeks Thomas W - - 2011
Attention has been drawn to the potential risks of several medications in the long-term care setting. Most of these medications deemed as inappropriate affect the central nervous system and are indicated only for select populations with specific conditions. Many of these drugs are prescribed without clear indications and continued indefinitely ...
Pant S - - 2011
The estimates of the contribution of drowsiness and fatigue to the number of road crashes is often neglected considerably, due both to under-reporting of these factors by drivers, and technical difficulty in investigating the problem. Preventing and treating the reasons for falling asleep behind the wheel may have considerable contribution ...
Blackwell Steven A SA US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Baltimore, MD 21244, USA. - - 2011
(1) to assess non-compliance among Medicare Part D recipients for the cardiovascular medication classes; (2) to identify the probability of noncompliance for each medication class when controlling for the potential risk factors of age, gender, race/ethnic origin, census region, disease burden, dual eligibility enrollment status, Part D plan status, relative ...
Louis Elan D ED Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University New York, NY, - - 2011
Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common neurological diseases. Although a large number of medications have been tested, there are only two first-line medications, primidone and propranolol, which is a situation that has not changed in approximately 30 years. Several recent reviews have summarized the current pharmacotherapeutic options for ...
Hsiao Chun-Ju CJ U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Care Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, - - 2010
This report describes ambulatory care visits made to physician offices in the United States. Statistics are presented on selected characteristics of the physician's practice, the patient, and the visit. The data presented in this report were collected in the 2007 National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a national probability sample ...
Lyon J D - - 2010
At the time of writing, Afghanistan is the pre-eminent theatre of operations for UK military forces, which form a lead element in the International Security Assistance Force. Many junior medical officers (MOs) can expect to see service on Operation HERRICK in the south of the country, in support of deployed ...
Frasca Dominic R - - 2010
The Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), coordinates federal Emergency Support Function (ESF) #8 preparedness, response, and recovery actions. To address these needs, the ASPR can draw on trained personnel from a variety of ...
Atenstaedt R L - - 2010
The recent 90 year anniversary of the end of the First World War is an opportune time to reconsider the important role of the Royal Army Medical Corps in this conflict. One area which has been neglected is the role of the Royal Army Medical Corps in responding to infectious ...
Ball C - - 2010
The Industrial Revolution saw the creation of many new jobs, but probably none more curious than that of zookeeper. The London Zoological Gardens, established for members in 1828, was opened to the general public in 1847. In 1852 the "Head Keeper in the Serpent Room", Edward Horatio Girling, spent a ...
Shepherd Annabel - - 2010
The Health and Social Care Act 2008 sets out the requirement for the introduction of responsible officers for the NHS. The paper states that these individuals will be responsible for ensuring that doctors who are revalidated meet the required standards. It is not known how well prepared prospective responsible officers ...
Willoughby Vickie - - 2010
Since 2001, the Los Angeles County Department of Coroner has collaborated with Los Angeles County-University of Southern California Medical Center Violence Intervention Program and their Sexual Assault Center. The partnership was established at the suggestion of the district attorney's office to enhance the clinical recognition of sexual assault in the ...
Plan?on Aline - - 2010
Counterfeiting medicine has become such a sophisticated crime that it has attracted the attention of the world's largest police organization, Interpol. In November, these top cops wrapped up an operation in South East Asia, in which they helped seize around 20 million counterfeit drugs and arrested more than 30 people. ...
Puwanarajah P - - 2010
To assess elective surgery consent practices amongst senior house officers from a selection of UK ENT departments, and to compare results with similar surveys in 2002 and 2005. A telephone survey of senior house officers in 40 UK ENT departments was conducted to assess departmental consent policies and knowledge of ...
Cooper D J - - 2010
General Duty Medical Officers (GDMOs) may deploy within days of completing their Entry Officers Course thereby missing the pre-deployment training undertaken by the Regiment that they join. They can be attached to a unit that they have never worked with and it is often the first time that they have ...
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