Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 479
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Koshy Sindhu - - 2012
The use of ionizing radiation for medical diagnostic tests and interventional procedures has grown substantially over the past 2 decades, and there is now considerable concern expressed in both the medical literature and the lay press of the harmful effects of radiation exposure. Although there is some controversy regarding whether ...
Saviñon Carla - - 2012
Purpose: The purpose of this project was to determine if customization of the electronic medical record (EMR) using evidence-based practice guidelines developed by the National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners and the Expert Panel recommendations for the prevention, screening, and treatment of childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity would improve ...
Gault Travis I - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Current expert guidelines recommend treating agitation with oral medications instead of intramuscular medications if possible. Oral medications are sometimes believed to be inappropriate for the emergency department (ED) as they require patient cooperation and may have a slower onset of action. This review examined published literature for the efficacy ...
Nebes Robert D - - 2012
Recent studies found use of anticholinergic medications to be associated with greater performance decrements in older persons who carry an ε4 allele of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene than in those carrying only ε2 or ε3 alleles. The present study examined whether the apparently greater behavioral toxicity of anticholinergic drugs ...
Prasad Vinay - - 2012
Recent trials in cardiovascular medicine have contradicted current practice, and, accordingly, are medical reversals. Extended-release niacin and fenofibrate have failed to provide mortality benefit when added to statin therapy, though both drugs have been used for this purpose for years. Cardiovascular primary prevention is no small matter. Annual spending on ...
Boden William E - - 2012
The goals of optimal medical therapy in patients with stable angina pectoris are to reduce the risk of cardiovascular mortality and future cardiovascular events, improve exercise capacity, and enhance quality of life. Whereas myocardial revascularization is frequently employed in the management of patients with stable angina, a variety of pharmacologic ...
Vardi Moshe - - 2012
A significant proportion of the outcomes reported in trials assessing venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis in medical patients are related to asymptomatic events found on routine imaging studies. The implications of these events are controversial. Moreover, such trials did not always reflect the patient mix in today's internal medicine departments. We ...
Beckett Robert D - - 2012
BACKGROUND:It has been reported that error occurs at some point during the medication use process in approximately 6% of medication doses administered in the inpatient setting. An estimated 1-10% of medication errors lead to patient harm; however, factors affecting the risk of harm from a medication error are undefined in ...
Millar J Alasdair - - 2012
To measure eligibility for medical thromboprophylaxis using two Australasian guidelines - the Australia and New Zealand Working Party Guidelines [WPG] and the National Health and Medical Research Council Guidelines [NHMRCG]) - and proposed new guidelines based on risk-factor weights; and to measure the incidence of clinical venous thromboembolism (VTE) events ...
Mansoor Sarab M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to medications is a significant health care issue, particularly among cardiovascular patients. A variety of interventions have been tested by researchers in an effort to identify the most effective approach to improving adherence. Interventions delivered by multiple health care professionals (HCPs) may have an impact on improving ...
Tay Yeng K - - 2012
What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Priapism is a rare event. However, various medications and medical conditions may increase the risk. Priapism can be ischaemic, non-ischaemic or stuttering. It is paramount to distinguish the type of priapism, as misdiagnosis may lead to significant morbidity. Ischaemic ...
Stewart Duncan - - 2012
The study examined events before and after incidents of self-harm and attempted suicide and the characteristics of patients who engage in these behaviours. Psychiatric inpatient populations have an elevated risk of self-harm and suicide, but relatively little is known about the circumstances of these events during an admission. Retrospective case ...
Calvert Sara Bristol - - 2012
Nonadherence to cardiovascular medications is a significant public health problem. This randomized study evaluated the effect on medication adherence of linking hospital and community pharmacists. Hospitalized patients with coronary artery disease discharged on aspirin, β-blocker, and statin who used a participating pharmacy were randomized to usual care or intervention. The ...
Guimond J-G - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Acute subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) resulting from aneurysmal rupture is a medical condition associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Medical complications resulting from the bleeding itself, along with the patient's underlying medical conditions are known to represent possible prognostic factors in acute SAH. However, their respective significance on the patient's ...
Atlantis Evan - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate changes in self-reported cardiovascular disease (CVD) burden associated with psychopathology for Australia from 2004 to 2008. METHOD: Data analyzed were from 32,073 participants aged ≥25 years from the 2004-2005 or 2007-2008 National Health Surveys. Lifetime diagnosis of CVD (heart attack or stroke) was by ...
McKean Andrew - - 2012
Licensed indications for medicines were designed to regulate the claims that can be made about a medicine by a pharmaceutical company. Off-label prescribing (i.e. prescribing a drug for an indication outside of that for which it is licensed) is legal and an integral part of medical practice. In psychiatry, off-label ...
Douglas Pamela S - - 2012
Technological advances and increased utilization of medical testing and procedures have prompted greater attention to ensuring the patient safety of radiation use in the practice of adult cardiovascular medicine. In response, representatives from cardiovascular imaging societies, private payers, government and nongovernmental agencies, industry, medical physicists, and patient representatives met to ...
Khan Areej - - 2012
Obesity is a chronic medical condition that is expected to become an indirect but leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Obesity results in type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance, hypertension, dyslipidemia, coronary heart disease.These factors contribute to cardiovascular disease that is a leading cause of death. Therefore, the approach to ...
Van Eck Kathryn - - 2012
Evidence suggests that ADHD symptoms predict increased risk for misusing stimulant medication, which may extend to misuse of over-the-counter (OTC) stimulants and illicit stimulants. Conduct-problem (CP) symptoms and sensation seeking (SS) also predict substance use and may enhance risk for stimulant use among college students with ADHD symptoms. Participants, who ...
Coleman Craig I - - 2012
Abstract Background: Many cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) require patients to take one or more long term medications, often administered multiple times a day. We sought to determine the effect of chronic CVD medication dosing frequency on medication adherence. Methods: A search of Medline and Embase from 1986-December 2011 was performed. Included ...
Hegmann Kurt T - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To revise and update guidance recommendations to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration for evaluating commercial drivers. METHODS:: The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's medical review board has addressed guidance for commercial drivers for the past 5 years. The processes for most topics involve comprehensive literature searches, evidence reports, ...
Dooley M J - - 2012
The use of error-prone abbreviations in prescribing is a potential cause of misinterpretation that may lead to medication error. This study determined frequency and type of error-prone abbreviations in inpatient medication prescribing across three Australian hospitals. Three hundred and sixty-nine (76.9%) patients had one or more error-prone abbreviations used in ...
Smith Cathy - - 2012
This article argues that death from insanity raised serious questions for the medical profession and for those who promoted the public asylum movement in the nineteenth century. While the medical emphasis on the somatic origins of insanity was increasingly accepted, limited observable signs of disease in the brain at post-mortem ...
Lala Sonali V - - 2012
Introduction: The common comorbid conditions that accompany late-life bipolar disorder (BD) have not been well studied. This is a literature review on psychiatric and medical comorbidities among elderly individuals with BD. Methods: A focused literature review searched PubMed. Inclusion criteria were original research reports, in English, until June 2009, specifically ...
Neoh Ching Yin - - 2012
Background  Dapsone is a commonly prescribed medication in dermatological practice. Its use is associated with a broad spectrum of adverse effects. Careful selection and monitoring of patients on dapsone are paramount in the prevention and early recognition of adverse effects. Objective and methods  We designed a risk-management program for dapsone ...
Neuman Mark D - - 2012
Current efforts to improve the cost-effectiveness of health care focus on assessing accurately the value of technologically complex, costly medical treatments for individual patients and society. These efforts universally acknowledge that the determination of such value should incorporate information regarding the risks posed by a given treatment for an individual, ...
Lopez-Yarto Maite - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric illnesses, particularly depression, are some of the most common complications of pregnancy. Accordingly, pharmacologic treatment of these illnesses is prevalent and increasing. Systematic reviews on psychiatric medication use during pregnancy have shown effects on obstetrical and neonatal outcomes and non-systematic reviews of maternal outcomes suggest higher weight gain ...
Kalogeromitros D - - 2012
Background  Food allergy (FA) represents a common and worldwide disorder but in publications referring to FA the reported diagnosis is rarely confirmed. Consequently, the subjectively assessed FA may negatively affect the quality of life of patients and their families. Objective  We have conducted this internet survey in order to estimate ...
Nielsen Anders Daldorph - - 2012
PURPOSE:: Detection of coronary artery calcification (CAC) has been proposed for population screening. It remains unknown whether such a strategy would result in unnecessary concern among participants. Therefore, we set out to assess whether CAC screening affects the psychological well-being of screening participants. MATERIALS AND METHODS:: A random sample of ...
Banaszewska Anna - - 2012
Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) has emerged as a novel target for controlling plasma levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and decreasing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. At present it is clear that the major classes of commonly prescribed lipid-lowering medications increase serum PCSK9 levels and fail to protect ...
Marso Steven P - - 2012
Appropriate utilization of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and medical therapy is deservedly a national healthcare policy priority for the United States. Because PCI is both common and costly, appraisal of appropriateness is warranted. The initial appropriate use criteria (AUC) have been developed for coronary revascularization procedures and investigators recently reported ...
Armstrong David - - 2012
This paper examines the history of population screening through an analysis of contemporary medical journals. The term was first used in the modern sense in the inter-war years to describe the school health examination which sought to identify the early signs of disease and abnormality, a strategy which was extended ...
Lukazewski Alan - - 2012
The primary objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a Web-based program, Monitor-Rx, in identifying older adults at risk for drug-related geriatric syndromes or inappropriate medicines. This prospective pilot study compared medicationrelated risks generated by the Web-based program with those identified by a certified geriatric pharmacist (CGP). Wisconsin-based community pharmacy ...
Murray R - - 2012
Hospital admission provides an opportunity to promote smoking cessation. Clinical guidelines recommend ascertainment of smoking status and delivery of cessation interventions in all consultations. In this article, smoking ascertainment and intervention among all patients admitted to medical wards in a UK hospital over a four-week period in 2010 were audited. ...
Gani Johan - - 2012
Commonly prescribed urologic medications can have significant ophthalmologic side effects. The existing information can be conflicting. We looked at alpha-blockers and intraoperative floppy iris syndrome (IFIS), phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors and non-arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and lastly anticholinergic medications and glaucoma. There is no conclusive scientific data on ...
Ramasubbu Rajamannar - - 2012
Medical comorbidity in patients with mood disorders has become an increasingly important clinical and global public health issue. Several specific medical conditions are associated with an increased risk of mood disorders, and conversely, mood disorders are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in patients with specific medical disorders. To help ...
Rasmussen Nicolas - - 2012
Obesity and overweight are today recognised as subject to harmful stigma. Through an analysis of discussions of obesity in major American newspapers, the medical literature, and pharmaceutical advertising in the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, I document a significant shift in medical thinking about overweight and obesity based in psychiatry, and ...
Mahfoud Felix - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Optimal revascularization strategy is still under debate in patients with coronary artery disease, particularly due to the results of the Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention With TAXUS and Cardiac Surgery (SYNTAX) trial. Although medical prevention has been clearly shown to be beneficial in coronary artery disease, it has been ...
Vilke Gary M - - 2012
The term Excited Delirium Syndrome (ExDS) has traditionally been used in the forensic literature to describe findings in a subgroup of patients with delirium who suffered lethal consequences from their untreated severe agitation.(1-5) Excited delirium syndrome, also known as agitated delirium, is generally defined as altered mental status and combativeness ...
Noori Shahab - - 2012
A solid understanding of the mechanisms of action of cardiovascular medications used in clinical practice along with efforts to develop comprehensive hemodynamic monitoring systems to improve the ability to accurately identify the underlying pathophysiology of cardiovascular compromise are essential in the management of neonates with shock. This article reviews the ...
Saha Sibu P - - 2012
There is occurring a progressive increase in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the United States and around the World. This is undoubtedly associated with deterioration in health status and an increase in cardiovascular risk factors. There are multiple old and new antithrombotic and anticoagulation medications that have been used for ...
Marion Joe - - 2012
The ARRA/HITECH Act has made electronic medical records a front burner issue, and many believe that EMRs will make departmental systems redundant. Some cardiologists beg to differ, arguing that cardiovascular information systems are deeply clinical and essential to the cardiovascular workflow. Here's a look at the evolution of CVIS, EMR, ...
Nascimento Adelaide - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to understand the way in which medical physicists take into account treatment effectiveness and safety when selecting a treatment plan, with respect to the medical prescription and the technical, human and organizational resources available. Data-gathering was based on the allo-confrontation method: 14 medical physicists ...
Elliott Craig M CM - - 2012
Background: Short-term medical missions are common in medical educational settings and could possibly affect student learning. Little research has been conducted about the potential of these missions on students' transformative learning, in particular as it relates to empathy and multicultural awareness. Methods: Eight podiatric medical students who participated in short-term ...
Lamarine Roland J - - 2012
Marijuana has been used medically since antiquity. In recent years there has been a resurgence of interest in medical applications of various cannabis preparations. These drugs have been cited in the medical literature as potential secondary treatment agents for severe pain, muscle spasticity, anorexia, nausea, sleep disturbances, and numerous other ...
Okamura Tomonori - - 2012
A 10-year follow-up cohort study of 4,535 National Health Insurance beneficiaries aged 40 to 69 years in Shiga was performed as part of a research project conducted by the Health Promotion Research Committee of the Shiga National Health Insurance Organizations in 2002. The relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and medical ...
Nardes Flávia - - 2012
To survey the medical literature directed to the study of cognitive dysfunction in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy through description of the milestones of neurological development and psychometric tests for quantifying intelligence. Non-systematic review of aspects of cognition in Duchenne muscular dystrophy in the major medical scientific bases: MEDLINE, LILACS, ...
van den Heuvel M G W - - 2012
Background. Statins and other cardiovascular medication possess antioxidant capacity. It was examined whether chronic use of these medications protects from the development of ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) related complications after DIEP (Deep Inferior Epigastric Perforator Free Flap) surgery. This paper contains a literature study on the antioxidant working mechanisms of these drugs. ...
Evans Sally - - 2012
Scant data are available on the annual incapacitation rate of aircrew. This study analyzes all incapacitations occurring among UK commercial pilots, in flight and off duty, in 2004 to derive a baseline minimum annual incapacitation rate for the UK commercial pilot population. The study cohort was all professional pilots holding ...
Trovato Guglielmo M - - 2012
Health and disease of individuals and of populations are the result of three groups of risk factors: genetics, environment and behavior. Assessment, interventions and tailored changes are possible with integrated approaches more effective if respectful of individuals and different cultures. Assessment tools and integrated interventional strategies are available, but widespread ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >