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Galvan Frank H FH a Bienestar Human Services , Los Angeles , California , - - 2014
HIV-positive Latino men have been found to have poorer medication adherence compared to Whites. This study sought to identify how cultural conceptualisations of masculinity are associated with self-reported medication adherence among Latino men. A total of 208 HIV-positive men reported the number of doses of antiretroviral medication missed in the ...
Koumpagioti Despina D P & A Kyriakoy General Children's Hospital, Athens, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
to meta-analyze studies that have assessed the medication errors rate in pediatric patients during prescribing, dispensing, and drug administration. searches were performed in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Trip databases, selecting articles published in English from 2001 to 2010. a total of 25 original studies that met inclusion criteria were ...
Regehr Cheryl C *Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, and †Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada; §Wilson Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and ∥Faculty of Dentistry and Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
A significant proportion of physicians and medical trainees experience stress-related anxiety and burnout resulting in increased absenteeism and disability, decreased patient satisfaction, and increased rates of medical errors. A review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at addressing stress, anxiety, and burnout in physicians and ...
Bertoldi Andréa Dâmaso AD Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To estimate the point prevalence of self-medication among adolescents aged 18 years and to evaluate the type of drugs used (either over-the-counter or prescription drugs) and socioeconomic, health-related, and behavioral correlates of self-medication. This cross-sectional study used data from the 1993 Pelotas (Brazil) Birth Cohort Study. Data were obtained through the ...
Khawaja Anthony P AP Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Cambridge, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the association between systemic medication use and intraocular pressure (IOP) in a population of older British men and women. Population-based, cross-sectional study. We included 7093 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer-Norfolk Eye Study. Exclusion criteria were a history of glaucoma therapy (medical, laser, or surgical), IOP ...
Papakosta Maria M APOSTOLOS PAVLOS, VERIA, GREECE. - - 2014
Self-care oriented people are more likely to undertake self-care activities in order to treat lay self-diagnosed symptoms and restore their own health without professional assistance. One of these activities is self-medication, which refers to the use of medications without medical consultation. The absence of permanent doctors in rural Greece encourages ...
Chariot Patrick P Department of Forensic Medicine, Hôpital Jean-Verdier (AP-HP), 93140, Bondy, France, - - 2014
The annual number of detainees held in police custody in France is approximately 700,000. Medical data regarding arrestees are scarce across countries. We present the medical characteristics of detainees kept in police custody, including addictive behaviours and high-risk medical situations. We conducted a prospective study over 1 year in a suburban ...
Kearney Thomas - - 2014
Abstract Background. Pepper spray is a common lacrimator used by law enforcement and the public to subdue individuals and for self-defense. The risk factors for severe injury due to pepper spray exposure are not well documented and there is a lack of guidelines to identify patients that require transport and ...
Leckman-Westin Emily E New York State Office of Mental Health (NYSOMH), Albany, NY, USA; Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, State University of New York at Albany, School of Public Health, Rensselaer, NY, - - 2014
Purpose Given the metabolic and neurologic side effects of antipsychotics and concerns about the increased risks associated with concomitant use, antipsychotic polypharmacy is a quality concern. This study assessed the operating characteristics of a Medicaid claims-based measure of antipsychotic polypharmacy. Methods A random sample from 10 public mental health clinics ...
Fnais Naif N Mr. Fnais is a medical student, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Ms. Soobiah is research coordinator, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Chen is a biostatistician, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Ms. Lillie is research coordinator, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Ms. Perrier is information specialist, Continuing Education and Professional Development, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Tashkhandi is an MSc candidate, Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, and associate researcher, Applied Health Research Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Straus is professor, Department of Medicine, and director, Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, and director, Knowledge Translation Program, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Mamdani is professor, Department of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation and Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Toronto, and director, Applied Health Research Centre, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Al-Omran is professor and vascular surgeon, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine, and head, Division of Vascular Surgery, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr. Tricco is a scientist, Knowledge Translation Program, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Harassment and discrimination include a wide range of behaviors that medical trainees perceive as being humiliating, hostile, or abusive. To understand the significance of such mistreatment and to explore potential preventive strategies, the authors conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the prevalence, risk factors, and sources of harassment ...
Haaramo Peija P Department of Public Health, Hjelt Institute, University of Helsinki, Mannerheimintie 172, PO Box 41, 00014, Helsinki, Finland, - - 2014
This study examined the associations of insomnia symptoms with subsequent psychotropic medication, reflecting mental health. Postal baseline surveys among 40- to 60-year-old employees of the city of Helsinki, Finland, were collected in 2000-2002 (N = 6,227, response rate 67 %, 78 % women) and longitudinally linked with national register data on prescribed reimbursed medication. ...
Wijeysundera Harindra C HC Schulich Heart Centre, Division of Cardiology, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, University of Toronto, 2075 Bayview Avenue, Suite A202, Toronto, ON, M4N3M5, Canada, - - 2014
Randomized studies have shown optimal medical therapy to be as efficacious as revascularization in stable ischemic heart disease (IHD). It is not known if these efficacy results are reflected by real-world effectiveness. To evaluate the comparative effectiveness of routine medical therapy versus revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary ...
Sun Angela Peichen - - 2014
Because of relatively small treatment numbers together with low adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting rates the timely identification of ADRs affecting children and young people is problematic. The primary objective of this study was to assess the utility of unplanned medication discontinuation as a signal for possible ADRs in children ...
Levine Michael M The Department of Medical Toxicology, Phoenix, AZ; The Department of Emergency Medicine, Section of Medical Toxicology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; The Center for Toxicology and Pharmacology Education and Research, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, - - 2014
Rattlesnake envenomations commonly produce coagulopathy and thrombocytopenia, yet clinically significant bleeding is uncommon. It is unknown if patients who use antiplatelet or anticoagulant medications prior to envenomation are at increased risk for bleeding after envenomation. This was a retrospective cohort study of patients age 14 years and older who were admitted ...
Deshpande Maithili M Dean Clinic, Madison, WI, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Asthma is a chronic lung disease that currently affects an estimated 25 million Americans. One way to control the disease is by regular use of preventive asthma medications and controlled use of acute medications. However, little is known about adults with asthma and factors associated with their medication use. To ...
Egede Leonard E LE Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
Medication nonadherence is known to worsen glycemic control. Few studies have examined this relationship over several years. The aim of this study was to examine the longitudinal effect of medication nonadherence on glycemic control among a large cohort of veterans. Analysis was performed on a cohort of 11 272 veterans ...
Tinetti Mary E ME Section of Geriatrics, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut2Yale School of Public Health, New Haven, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE The effect of serious injuries, such as hip fracture and head injury, on mortality and function is comparable to that of cardiovascular events. Concerns have been raised about the risk of fall injuries in older adults taking antihypertensive medications. The low risk of fall injuries reported in clinical trials ...
Voor In 't Holt Anne F AF Department of Medical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Erasmus University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
A systematic review and meta-analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and to identify sources and reservoirs for the pathogen. A systematic search of PubMed and EMBASE from January 1(st) 1987 until January 27(th) 2012 identified 1662 articles, 53 of which were included in ...
Grimes Tamasine C TC Pharmacy Department, Tallaght Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
We investigated the benefits of the Collaborative Pharmaceutical Care in Tallaght Hospital (PACT) service versus standard ward-based clinical pharmacy in adult inpatients receiving acute medical care, particularly on prevalence of medication error and quality of prescribing. Uncontrolled before-after study, undertaken in consecutive adult medical inpatients admitted and discharged alive, using ...
Khonsari Sahar S University Malaya, - - 2014
Background:Medication non-adherence leads to a vast range of negative outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease. An automated web-based system managing short message service (SMS) reminders is a telemedicine approach to optimise adherence among patients who frequently forget to take their medications or miss the timing.Aim:This paper sought to investigate ...
Castellon Yelba M - - 2014
Objectives: Patient assistance programs and the 340B Drug Pricing Program promise to improve the financial stability, better serve vulnerable patients, and decrease the burden of cost for uninsured patients. Our objective is to examine the financial impact that PAPs and the 340B Program have on improving medication cost. Study design: ...
Chang Zheng Z Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Studies have shown that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with transport accidents, but the magnitude of the association remains unclear. Most important, it is also unclear whether ADHD medication reduces this risk. OBJECTIVES To estimate the association between ADHD and the risk of serious transport accidents and to explore ...
Sanders Jamie J Department of Pharmacy, SoutheastHEALTH, Cape Girardeau, - - 2014
Objective. Evaluate antimicrobial stewardship interventions targeted to reduce highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)- or opportunistic infection (OI)-related medication errors and increase error resolution. Design. Retrospective before-after study. Setting. Academic medical center. Patients. Inpatients who were prescribed antiretroviral therapy before the intervention (January 1, 2011, to October 31, 2011) and after the intervention (July 1, ...
Macht Marlow - - 2014
Abstract Background. Since the 2001 "black box" warning on droperidol, its use in the prehospital setting has decreased substantially in favor of haloperidol. There are no studies comparing the prehospital use of either drug. The goal of this study was to compare QTc prolongation, adverse events, and effectiveness of droperidol ...
Gordon Barak B Medical Corps, Israeli Defense Force, Israel Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel-Aviv, - - 2014
Objective: To examine the association of the entire body mass index (BMI) range and healthcare utilization.Design and Methods: Weight and height are measured during medical examinations to the military in Israel. All recruits are followed-up during service and all the medical information is recorded in a central electronic medical record. ...
Powell Douglas D Department of Physical Therapy, Creighton University, Omaha, - - 2014
Bradykinesia is a cardinal symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD). Both aging and disease are shown to be associated with decreased adaptability to environmental stresses characterized by reduced complexity (or increased regularity) of bio-rhythms. The purpose of this study was to investigate the regularity of movement in individuals with PD, and ...
Marcum Zachary A ZA Division of Geriatric Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, - - 2014
To assess the association between multiple pharmacy use and medication adherence and potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) in older adults. Cross-sectional propensity score-weighted analysis. 2009 claims data. A nationally representative sample of 926,956 Medicare Part D beneficiaries aged 65 and older continuously enrolled in fee-for-service Medicare and Part D that year ...
Anderson D Mark DM D. Mark Anderson is with the Department of Agricultural Economics and Department of Economics, Montana State University, Bozeman. Daniel I. Rees is with the Department of Economics, University of Colorado Denver. Joseph J. Sabia is with the Department of Economics, San Diego State University, San Diego, - - 2014
Objectives. We estimated the association between legalizing medical marijuana and suicides. Methods. We obtained state-level suicide data from the National Vital Statistics System's Mortality Detail Files for 1990-2007. We used regression analysis to examine the association between medical marijuana legalization and suicides per 100 000 population. Results. After adjustment for economic ...
Payne R A RA Cambridge Centre for Health Services Research, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 0SR, - - 2014
Prescribing multiple medications is associated with various adverse outcomes, and polypharmacy is commonly considered suggestive of poor prescribing. Polypharmacy might thus be associated with unplanned hospitalisation. We sought to test this assumption. Scottish primary care data for 180,815 adults on long-term clinical conditions and numbers of regular medications were linked ...
Kimani Daniel D 1Center for Global Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nairobi, Kenya 2National AIDS and Sexually Transmitted Infection Program, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya 3National Public Health Laboratories, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, - - 2014
Unsafe injections remain a potential route of HIV transmission in Kenya. We used data from a national survey in Kenya to study the magnitude of injection use, medication preference and disposal of medical waste in the community. The Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey 2012 was a nationally representative population-based survey. Among ...
Ali Mostafa A Sayed MA Division of Social Research in Medicines and Health, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom; Faculty of Pharmacy, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt. Electronic address: - - 2014
We described the health resource utilisation (HRU) and associated direct medical costs of managing epilepsy in children and young people (CYP) using population-level data from the United Kingdom. The study cohort were CYP born between 1988 and 2004 who were newly diagnosed with epilepsy and identified using a nationally representative ...
Davis-Ajami Mary Lynn ML University of Maryland School of Nursing, Baltimore, MD, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare population-level baseline characteristics, individual-level utilization, and costs between antihypertensive medication users versus nonusers in adults with diabetes and concomitant hypertension. This longitudinal retrospective observational research used Medical Expenditure Panel Survey household component pooled years 2006 to 2009 to analyze adults 18 years or older with nongestational diabetes and ...
Wu Albert A Medical Service, South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, Texas, United States of America ; Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, United States of - - 2014
Little research has examined whether cardiovascular medications, other than statins, are associated with improved outcomes after pneumonia. Our aim was to examine the association between the use of beta-blockers, statins, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) with pneumonia-related outcomes. We conducted a retrospective population-based study ...
Bertisch Suzanne M SM Divisions of General Medicine and Primary Care ; Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA ; Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
To determine current patterns and predictors of use of prescription medications commonly used for insomnia (MCUFI) in the U.S. Cross-sectional study. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2010. 32,328 noninstitutionalized community-dwelling U.S. adults. N/A. WE DEFINED MCUFI USE AS USE OF ANY OF THE FOLLOWING MEDICATIONS IN THE PRECEDING MONTH: ...
Al-Dabagh Amir - - 2014
Background:The use of systemic corticosteroids is discouraged in major psoriasis treatment guidelines.Purpose:Our objective was to assess how often systemic corticosteroids are prescribed for psoriasis and trends in their use over time.Methods:We used National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) data to determine the systemic medications prescribed for psoriasis from 1989 to ...
Lexchin Joel J School of Health Policy and Management, York University, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Examine the probability of new active substances (NASs) approved in Canada between 1 January 1997 and 31 March 2012 acquiring a serious postmarket safety warning. Cohort study. Annual reports of the Therapeutic Products Directorate and the Biologic and Genetic Therapies Directorate; evaluations of therapeutic innovation from the Patented Medicine Prices ...
Wang Xuezong X Shi's Center of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Shuguang Hospital, Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 528 Zhangheng Road, Pudong New Area, Shanghai 201203, - - 2014
Objective. The aim of this study is to systematically evaluate the evidence whether traditional Chinese herbal patches (TCHPs) for osteoarthritis (OA) are effective and safe and analyze their medication patterns. Methods. A systematic literature search was performed using all the possible Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and keywords from January 1979 ...
Woolsey Conrad L CL a Logan University , Chesterfield , Missouri , - - 2014
ABSTRACT. Background: The purpose of this study was to examine energy drink (ED) usage patterns and to investigate the illicit use of prescription stimulants among college students. Methods: A sample of 267 undergraduate and graduate students (mean age of 22.48 among stimulant users) from a large midwestern university and its ...
Lemstra Mark M Academic Family Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, - - 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO) concluded that poor adherence to treatment is the most important cause of uncontrolled high blood pressure, with approximately 75% of patients not achieving optimum blood pressure control. The WHO estimates that between 20% and 80% of patients receiving treatment for hypertension are adherent. As such, ...
Hirst Jennifer A JA Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom and National Institute for Health Research School for Primary Care Research, Oxford, United - - 2014
Current guidance about the interval needed before retesting HbA1c when monitoring for glycaemic control is based on expert opinion rather than well-powered studies. The aim of our work was to explore how fast HbA1c changes after a change in glucose-lowering medication. This has implications for whether routine HbA1c testing intervals ...
Kalz Marco M Welten Institute-Research Centre for Learning, Teaching and Technology, Open University of the Netherlands, Heerlen, Netherlands. - - 2014
No systematic evaluation of smartphone/mobile apps for resuscitation training and real incident support is available to date. To provide medical, usability, and additional quality criteria for the development of apps, we conducted a mixed-methods sequential evaluation combining the perspective of medical experts and end-users. The study aims to assess the ...
Fowler Nicole R NR Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, - - 2014
Background. Dementia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are frequently comorbid. The presence of dementia may have an effect on how CVD is treated. Objective. To examine the effect of dementia on the use of four medications recommended for secondary prevention of ischemic heart disease (IHD): angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers, lipid-lowering medications, ...
Helve Jaakko J Finnish Registry for Kidney Diseases, Helsinki, Finland; Helsinki University Central Hospital, Department of Medicine, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2013
To examine use and changes of medication in the three years before start of chronic renal replacement therapy (RRT) among patients with type 1 diabetes, and the association between predialytic medication and survival on RRT. We recorded medication of 496 patients with type 1 diabetes before and after start of ...
Russell Bethany J BJ Centre for Palliative Care, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2013
The balance of benefit versus burden of ongoing treatments for comorbid disease in palliative populations as death approaches needs careful consideration given their particular susceptibility to adverse drug effects. To provide descriptive data regarding the medications being prescribed to patients who have a life-limiting illness at the time of referral ...
Chambers Julie A JA Division of Psychology, School of Natural Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK, - - 2013
Generic (i.e. non-branded medicine) and therapeutic (i.e. a less expensive drug from the same class) substitution of medication provides considerable financial savings, but may negatively impact on patients. We report secondary qualitative/quantitative analysis of stroke survivors from a pilot randomised controlled brief intervention to increase adherence to medication. Patients' experiences ...
Curtin Bryan F BF Bryan F Curtin, Yousef Zarbalian, Resident in Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201, United - - 2013
To assess adherence with the the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA)/ the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) guidelines for management of Clostridium difficile (C. difficile)-associated disease (CDAD) at a tertiary medical center. All positive C. difficile stool toxin assays in adults between May 2010 and May 2011 ...
Raijmakers Natasja J H NJ Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, , Rotterdam, The - - 2013
The Dutch euthanasia law regulates physician assistance in dying for patients who are suffering unbearably from a medical condition. We studied the attitudes of the Dutch population to assistance in dying for older persons who have a wish to die without the presence of a serious medical condition. A cross-sectional ...
Thrift Amanda G AG From the Department of Medicine, Southern Clinical School (A.G.T., J.K., S.A.), and Department of Physiology (V.D., R.G.E.), Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Florey Neuroscience Institutes, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia (A.G.T.); Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia (S.L.G.); and Caulfield Hospital, Caulfield, Victoria, Australia - - 2013
When optimally managed, patients with stroke are less likely to have further vascular events. We aimed to identify factors associated with optimal use of secondary prevention therapies in long-term survivors of stroke. We carefully documented discharge medications at baseline and self-reported use of medications at annual follow-up in the Northeast Melbourne ...
Riaz Irbaz Bin - - 2013
There is an association between cryptogenic stroke and patent foramen ovale (PFO). The optimal treatment strategy for secondary prevention remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze aggregate data examining the safety and efficacy of transcatheter device closure versus standard medical therapy in patients with PFO and cryptogenic ...
Mojtabai Ramin R Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 624 N Broadway, Hampton House/Room 797, Baltimore, MD 21205 - - 2013
To assess the trend in long-term use of antidepressants by persons aged ≥ 18 years, and the correlates of such use, in the United States from 1999 to 2010. We examined trends in duration of antidepressant use and correlates of long-term use in data from 6 waves of the cross-sectional ...
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