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Kvasnovsky Charlotte L - - 2013
Complications of colonic diverticula, perforation and bleeding are a source of morbidity and mortality. A variety of drugs have been implicated in these complications. We present a systemic review and meta-analysis of the literature to assess the importance of this relationship. A systematic review of articles using PubMed, Cochrane Reviews, ...
de Linde Henriksen Michala - - 2013
To study the equine deep stromal abscesses (DSA) with focus on the duration of the corneal disease, medical treatment, season of presentation, clinical appearance, and the degree of corneal vascularization. Equine DSA diagnosed, biopsied, and surgically treated at the University of Florida Veterinary Medical Center (UFVMC) from 2004 to 2009 ...
Perazella Mark A - - 2013
Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) promote hypomagnesemia through loss of active Mg(2+) absorption via transient receptor potential melastatin-6 and -7 (TRPM6/7). Danziger et al. confirm the association of PPIs with hypomagnesemia in patients hospitalized at a tertiary medical center. They found that patients taking PPIs, compared with those receiving histamine-2 antagonists ...
Ojji Dike B DB Cardiology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Gwagwalada, Abuja, Nigeria. - - 2013
Marked changes have been made in the pharmacotherapy of hypertension over the years. In sub-Saharan Africa, hypertension pharmacotherapy is often thought to include only thiazide diuretics, beta blockers and centrally acting medications and, it is unclear if and how often calcium channel blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor ...
Parker Scott L - - 2012
: Current healthcare reform calls for reduction of procedures/treatments that are less effective, more costly, and of little 'value'. We assessed the two-year cost and effectiveness of comprehensive medical management for lumbar spondylolisthesis and stenosis utilizing a prospective single-center multidisciplinary spine center registry in a real-world practice setting. : Patients ...
Wright Danette B - - 2012
A 75-year-old man was referred for assessment of lower gastrointestinal symptoms. He reported a 12-month history of increasing difficulties with rectal emptying, associated with abdominal bloating and discomfort. He denied any anorectal bleeding and stated that his appetite was unchanged and his weight stable. Past medical history included coronary artery ...
Fargen Kyle Michael - - 2012
The Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent stroke in Intracranial Stenosis (SAMMPRIS) trial, the first randomized trial to compare best medical therapies with angioplasty and stenting, was halted prematurely owing to a 30-day stroke rate of 14.7% in the angioplasty and stenting arm compared with 5.8% in the ...
Al Hasan Muthanna - - 2012
EXPANDED ABSTRACT: CITATION: Chimowitz MI, Lynn MJ, Derdeyn CP, Turan TN, Fiorella D, Lane BF, Janis LS, Lutsep HL, Barnwell SL, Waters MF, Hoh BL, Hourihane JM, Levy EI, Alexandrov AV, Harrigan MR, Chiu D, Klucznik RP, Clark JM, McDougall CG, Johnson MD, Pride GL Jr, Torbey MT, Zaidat OO, ...
Songco A Vincent - - 2012
Defining optimal management of patients with stable coronary artery disease continues to be a central area of debate. While it has been established that all patients with coronary artery disease should at least be managed with optimal medical therapy, many patients with stable coronary artery disease continue to be treated ...
Abdel-Kerim Amr - - 2012
BackgroundIsolated non-traumatic renal artery dissection (RAD) is a rare disorder with uncertain natural history. The management may be surgical reconstruction, endovascular repair, or conservative medical treatment, yet no official consensus had been established.PurposeTo report the management of four cases of isolated non-traumatic RAD, emphasizing the beneficial role of conservative medical ...
Seo Suk Min - - 2012
For patients with variant angina it is very important to start medical therapy using calcium-channel blockers. However, the decision of physicians regarding whether to decrease the dose of the drug or discontinue it is controversial. We investigated whether the nature of spasm is remissive and whether the termination of medications ...
Kern Morton J - - 2012
Conversations in Cardiology is a new use of modern email communication to facilitate transfer of medical knowledge. In this Conversation in Cardiology, Dr. Barry Uretsky of Little Rock Arkansas asked a question about a patient with left main narrowing and the assessment by FFR and IVUS and several well known ...
Oberhuber Alexander - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Coarctation is one of the most often seen congenital aortal defects. In the majority, diagnosis will be made in newborns. Endovascular repair is critical in children owing to their growth, but in adult patients, it is an interesting alternative. METHODS: A 31-year-old man presenting with hypertension of upper extremities ...
Schwarcz Aron I - - 2012
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is common and carries an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. The level of knowledge among incoming medical trainees about PAD is unknown. During orientation to a single internal medicine residency program, incoming medical interns were given a 19-question multiple-choice questionnaire. The questions fell into 1 ...
Singer Michael C - - 2012
Objective. Little information is available regarding the frequency of thyroidectomy-related malpractice claims. Previous studies have not assessed claims that were settled or dropped before trial, providing only a limited view of the medical-legal environment. We sought to determine the frequency of thyroid surgery-related malpractice claims, their causes, and outcomes.Study Design. ...
Webborn Nick - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine incidence proportion and the characteristics of athlete injuries sustained during the 2010 Vancouver Paralympic Games. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. SETTING: All medical venues at the 2010 Vancouver Paralympic Games, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 505 athletes from 44 National Paralympic Committees ...
Hurt K - - 2012
Haemoptysis is a common symptom in clinical practice, which requires further investigation. Fortunately, massive haemoptysis only accounts for a small proportion of these episodes. It is a medical emergency that carries a high mortality rate. There are no agreed management guidelines. This review discusses proposed methods of resuscitation as well ...
Hawley Jason S - - 2012
Military physicians deploy primarily to care for traumatic injuries. However, critically ill medical patients are also evaluated and treated in theater with similar capability as hospitals in the United States because of the close proximity of medical and surgical specialists and advanced equipment in combat support and theater hospitals. We ...
Buhrer Steven - - 2012
A large family home exploded after a propane leak ignited. Initial reports from the scene noted that 11 people were injured, with many sustaining critical injuries. Immediately, multiple helicopter emergency medical services aircraft were dispatched to respond to the scene, and ground emergency medical services (EMS) providers were en route. ...
Soiberman Uri - - 2012
Acquired punctal stenosis is a condition in which the external opening of the lacrimal canaliculus is narrowed or occluded. This condition is a rare cause of symptomatic epiphora, but its incidence may be higher in patients with chronic blepharitis, in those treated with various topical medications, including antihypertensive agents, and ...
Zahodne Laura B - - 2012
Apathy is a common neuropsychiatric feature of Parkinson's disease (PD), but little is known of relationships between apathy and specific medications in PD. Following a retrospective database and chart review of 181 Parkinson's patients, relationships between Apathy Scale scores and use of psychotropic and antiparkinsonian medications were examined with multiple ...
Whitney Nathaniel - - 2011
Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) in pregnant women can result in devastating outcomes for both the mother and the fetus. Historically, there has been concern regarding the issues involved when the fetus is not yet viable outside the womb. Currently, the ability to treat severe TBI with aggressive management of ...
Ptyushkin Pavel - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to summarize the possible benefits of using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) in rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury and to explore the technical aspects of linking existing medical records to the ICF in such cases. DESIGN: A literature review ...
Kimbler Donald E DE Department of Neurosurgery, Georgia Health Sciences University, Augusta, GA, USA. - - 2011
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex and debilitating neurological injury that places a significant financial and emotional burden on both families and medical providers. Accumulating evidence suggests that mild TBI or concussion remains grossly underdiagnosed, as compared with more severe TBI, due to a poor understanding of the clinical ...
Sedky Karim - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Safe prescribing practices to minimize pharmaceutically induced liver damage or worsening of preexisting conditions require knowledge about medicines with hepatotoxic potential. This paper reviews psychotropic medications and their effects on the liver. METHODS: A MEDLINE search was performed utilizing the phrase "drug-induced liver injury" with various categories of psychiatric ...
Roy Nobhojit - - 2011
Objectives:  The November 26-29, 2008, terrorist attacks on Mumbai were unique in its international media attention, multiple strategies of attack, and the disproportionate national fear they triggered. Everyone was a target: random members of the general population, iconic targets, and foreigners alike were under attack by the terrorists. Methods:  A ...
Lin Harrison W - - 2011
Objective. To update the incidence of medical morbidity and mortality in head and neck surgery and factors that influence length of stay (LOS).Study Design. Cross-sectional analysis of a national database.Setting. Academic medical center.Methods. A specific database for head and neck surgical procedures was extracted from the National Hospital Data Survey ...
Bartels Susan A - - 2012
Major earthquakes are some of the most devastating natural disasters. The epidemiology of earthquake-related injuries and mortality is unique for these disasters. Because earthquakes frequently affect populous urban areas with poor structural standards, they often result in high death rates and mass casualties with many traumatic injuries. These injuries are ...
Griffith Sue - - 2011
In one UK hospice, inpatient unit records showed that over 8 years 12 needlestick injuries related to continuous subcutaneous infusion of medication occurred. Following a change-over to Teflon cannulae no further incidents were reported. However, when the more sensitive and accurate McKinley T34 syringe drivers were introduced in 2007 a ...
Liu Peng - - 2011
1,2,3-trichloropropane (1,2,3-TCP) is commonly used as an intermediate in pesticide and an industrial specialty solvent. Acute 1,2,3-TCP poisoning is rare but a medical emergency. Sporadic cases of toxic hepatic injury from 1,2,3-TCP in humans have been reported. Liver is a target organ for 1,2,3-TCP toxicity, which may ensue in a ...
Pierce Jennifer S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: Occupational hazards associated with medical laser applications remain poorly understood and uncharacterized. METHODS:: A literature search was performed using PubMed, and all articles relevant to beam and nonbeam medical laser hazards were reviewed. The Rockwell Laser Industries Laser Accident Database was searched for medical laser injuries and abstracted. RESULTS:: ...
Maclennan Alastair H - - 2011
The Australian Federal Productivity Commission is proposing two new schemes to better support those with major disability. The main National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) will provide long-term care and support for the disabled. A smaller scheme, the National Injury Insurance Scheme (NIIS), will provide 'no-fault 'support for those following an ...
Meehan William P WP - - 2011
Little existing data describe which medical professionals and which medical studies are used to assess sport-related concussions in high school athletes. To describe the medical providers and medical studies used when assessing sport-related concussions. To determine the effects of medical provider type on timing of return to play, frequency of ...
Squire Benjamin - - 2011
Abstract Background. Little is known about the types of injuries and medical problems encountered by fire department personnel during suppression of large campaign-type wildland fires. Such information could help to plan for response to medical incidents during future wildfires. Objective. To describe the injuries and medical problems experienced by firefighters ...
von Recklinghausen Friedrich Maximilian - - 2011
We sought to compare differences in patients transported by ground and air emergency medical services directly from the scenes of their injuries to a rural level I trauma facility. Variables examined included age, gender, vital signs, Glasgow Coma Scale score, discharge location, length of stay, and survival metrics. Student t ...
Bond G Randall - - 2012
To understand which medications, under which circumstances, are responsible for the noted increase in pediatric medication poisonings, resource use, and morbidity. Patient records from 2001-2008 were obtained from the National Poison Data System of the American Association of Poison Control Centers for children aged ≤5 years evaluated in a health ...
Chia Jason Kok Kiong - - 2011
ContextMass gatherings such as the Youth Olympic Games require medical services for large populations with special needs specific to elite competitive youth athletes. The location of the Games in a heavily populated city with dispersed competition venues provides unique challenges.ObjectiveTo describe the planning and delivery of medical services and to ...
Mathew Rajeev - - 2011
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the characteristics of medical negligence claims arising from otological practice. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of medical negligence claims contained in the National Health Service Litigation Authority (NHSLA) database. METHODS: Claims relating to otology and neurotology between 1995 and 2010 were obtained from the NHSLA database and analyzed ...
Adkinson Cheryl - - 2011
Hyperbaric oxygen treatment has seen a resurgence of interest in recent years, with more academic medical centers building facilities and more physicians becoming board-certified in undersea and hyperbaric medicine.The reason for the growing interest is better understanding of the role of hypoxia in wound healing and an appreciation for the ...
Minard Charles G - - 2011
Efficient allocation of medical resources for spaceflight is important for crew health. The Integrated Medical Model (IMM) was developed to estimate medical event occurrences, mitigation, and resource requirements. An optimization module was created for IMM that uses a systematic process of elimination and preservation to maximize crew health outcomes subject ...
Lareau Stephanie A - - 2011
To determine the frequency of injuries requiring medical attention among mountain bike racers at endurance races (6 hours or greater in duration) versus traditional cross country races (less than 6 hours duration) and to determine the medical support available at races. A survey was developed to determine participants' experience level, ...
Cassatly Michael G - - 2011
The number and cost of preventable medical injuries and deaths continue to rise in the U.S. healthcare system despite many attempts to avert such occurrences. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has prudently decided to deny claims for the healthcare costs incurred in treating certain preventable injuries. With the ...
Cross Patrick Stephen - - 2011
Some physical therapists (PTs) provide services at sporting events, but there are limited studies investigating whether PTs are properly prepared to provide such services. The purpose of this study was to assess acute sports injury and medical condition management decision-making skills of PTs. A Web-based survey presented 17 case scenarios ...
Berney Christophe R - - 2011
Risk for a lawsuit for medical malpractice has unfortunately become part of physicians' daily professional activities, with a blowout in indemnity insurance premiums, especially in high-risk medical specialties. Common bile duct injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a well-recognized and feared complication for surgeons because of its associated morbidity, and it ...
Harris Anthony R - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Since 1900, thousands of medical journal articles have been published on the topic of racial disparities in health and medical outcomes in the United States, including overlapping disparities based on health insurance status. But research on the question of such disparities in the medical treatment of injury from assault-matters ...
Reichard Audrey A - - 2011
Abstract Background. Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics serve as primary providers of urgent medical care and are integral components in disaster response. They are at risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries during these activities. Objectives. To describe fatal and nonfatal injuries occurring to EMTs and paramedics. Methods. We analyzed ...
Scheer Bernd Volker - - 2011
OBJECTIVE:: To record the injuries and health problems suffered by ultramarathon runners during a 219-km, 5-day stage race and to help race organizers plan medical provision for these events. DESIGN:: Observational study. SETTING:: Al Andalus Ultra Trail 2010, in southern Spain. PARTICIPANTS:: All 69 ultramarathon runners. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:: Total ...
Stoddard Frederick J FJ - - 2011
Children with burn injuries receive a broad range of medications, from analgesics to antipsychotics, but how utilization of these drugs differs from one pediatric burn center to another is unclear. This study examined utilization patterns of six categories of medication administered acutely to burned children as a first step in ...
de Bucourt Maximilian - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To apply the economic terminology of lean manufacturing and the Toyota Production System to the procurement of vascular stents in interventional radiology. METHODS: The economic- and process-driven terminology of lean manufacturing and the Toyota Production System is first presented, including information and product flow as well as value stream ...
Davis Michael - - 2011
The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports that despite an overall decrease in the number of workers compensation claims, indemnity, medical costs and days away from work have continued to rise. Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSD) account for 33 percent of these costs. OSHA Defines an MSD as: "Disorders of the muscles, nerves, ...
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