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Greer W Jerod WJ From the *Division of Urogynecology and Pelvic Reconstructive Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL; †Division of Urogynecology, Carilion Clinic, Roanoke, VA; ‡Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL; §Department of Biostatistics and ‚ą•Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics and Palliative Care, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to characterize urethral neuromuscular function before and 2 weeks after medication therapy. Premenopausal women without lower urinary tract symptoms were randomly allocated to 1 of the 6 medications for 2 weeks (pseudoephedrine ER of 120 mg, imipramine of 25 mg, cyclobenzaprine of 10 mg, ...
Lang Christoph Jg CJ Outpatient Department, Neurological Hospital, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg at Erlangen, - - 2014
Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homoeopathy, over a period of 33 years wrote four medical theses at three different universities. The first, in 1779 at the University of Erlangen, Franconia, dealt with agents that allegedly induce spasms, granting him a MD degree. The second two theses in 1784 dealt with ...
Shuman Michael D MD HUMAN, TRIGOBOFF, and DEMLER: State University of New York, Buffalo, and New York State Office of Mental Health; OPLER: Columbia University Medical Center, New York, - - 2014
Introduction. Clozapine, an atypical antipsychotic with documented efficacy in the management of treatment-resistant schizophrenia, is associated with the risk of adverse hematological outcomes. Of particular concern are reductions in white blood cells (WBC) and absolute neutrophil counts (ANC). Individuals who display moderate leukopenia (3000/mm3>WBC≥2000/mm) upon initiation of clozapine therapy are ...
Howe Nicole - - 2013
Effective and rapid hemostasis is critical to optimize surgical outcomes. An advantageous adjunct in accelerating the clotting process during dermatologic surgery is the use of topical hemostatic agents, which allow dermatologic surgeons to quickly clear the surgical field while avoiding the adverse effects of systemic medications. The growing rate of ...
Cichero Julie Ay - - 2013
Dysphagia is the medical term for difficulty swallowing. Thickened liquids are often used in the management of dysphagia to improve bolus control and to help prevent aspiration. A range of starches and gums has historically been used to thicken liquids. Although thickened liquids improve swallow safety, they appear to have ...
Fike Lorie - - 2012
The first pair of US Army animal-assisted therapy (AAT) dogs deployed to Iraq in December 2007 with the 85th Medical Detachment Combat and Operational Stress Control unit. As of this writing, 6 dogs have deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, offering Soldiers a small reminder of home. Army occupational therapists led ...
Gabel Stewart - - 2011
Physicians hold numerous types of leadership positions in academic, executive, and/or clinical environments. To be successful, physician leaders must exert power, or social influence, as power is conceptualized in social psychology. The power of leaders accrues through their positions, expertise, or other factors, such as communication abilities or their ability ...
Armentano Robert A - - 2011
To provide a review and update on the medical management of pit viper envenomation in dogs. Pit viper snake (Crotalidae) envenomation in dogs is a common emergency in the United States. At least 50 enzymes contribute to snake venom potency that causes soft tissue damage, vasculotoxicity, coagulopathy, cytotoxicity, and necrosis. ...
Jayakaran Charan - - 2011
51 inconclusive studies published in 14 Indian medical journals were analyzed for adequacy of power by post hoc power calculation. No study was found to be adequately powered (%80%) at small effect size, only 8 studies were adequately powered for medium effect size and 30 studies were adequately powered at ...
Zbar Ariella - - 2011
: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) does not recommend guidelines on authorship position, despite its important role in academic promotion. To identify perceptions of authorship position, the authors performed the first study of authorship position using only open-ended questioning. : Articles with at least 3 authors were ...
Brown Lindsay L imec / Holst Centre, Eindhoven, the Netherlands. - - 2011
Intelligent affective computers can have many medical and non-medical applications. However today's affective computers are limited in scope by their transferability to other application environments or that they monitor only one aspect of physiological emotion expression. Here, the use of a wireless EEG system, which can be implemented in a ...
- - 2010
Concise, easy to read abstracts of key papers from the following journals are included: American Journal of Clinical NutritionArchives of Disease in ChildhoodBritish Medical Journal (E-pub ahead of print)European Journal of Clinical NutritionEuropean Journal of NutritionInternational Journal of ObesityJournal of the American Dietetic AssociationNutrition & DieteticsAbstracts are provided by the ...
Kiehna Erin N - - 2011
Object The Consolidated Standards for Reporting of Trials (CONSORT) criteria were published in 1996 to standardize the reporting and improve the quality of clinical trials. Despite having been endorsed by major medical journals and shown to improve the quality of reported trials, neurosurgical journals have yet to formally adopt these ...
Roth Jesse - - 2010
Why do we continue to gather to meet to exchange medical knowledge more than 500 years after the invention of the printing press, 100 years after the telephone, and 20 years after the widespread use of email? We, the human race, have been transmitting information by multimedia--voice, face, and body ...
Gondwe Mzamose - - 2010
Over the last five years several scholarly publishing associations have been launched in Africa - the Forum for African Medical Editors (FAME), the Society of African Journals (SAJE), the Consortium of African Scholarly Publishers (CASP), the Africa Journals Partnership Project and the African Association of Science Editors (AASE). What, if ...
Ugaz Ana G - - 2010
This paper presents the methods and results of a study designed to produce the third edition of the "Basic List of Veterinary Medical Serials," which was established by the Veterinary Medical Libraries Section in 1976 and last updated in 1986. A set of 238 titles were evaluated using a decision ...
Chimonas Susan - - 2011
It has become standard practice in medical journals to require authors to disclose their relationships with industry. However, these requirements vary among journals and often lack specificity. As a result, disclosures may not consistently reveal author-industry ties. We examined the 2007 physician payment information from 5 orthopedic device companies to ...
- - 2010
The normal shape of the corpus callosum is shown on the left with arrows pointing to the rostrum (r), genu (g), body (b) and splenium (s). The right scan shows complete absence of the corpus callosum in a girl with deletion 1q44. See article by O'Driscoll et al. in this ...
Fugh-Berman Adriane J - - 2010
Adriane Fugh-Berman examines documents unsealed in recent litigation to investigate how pharmaceutical companies promoted hormone therapy drugs, including the use of medical writing companies to produce ghostwritten manuscripts and place them into medical journals.
- - 2010
The figure shows that when Sonic hedgehog binds to Patched 1, Smoothened shuttles from an endocytic vesicle to the cilium in vertebrates in contrast to Drosophila where it shuttles to the plasma membrane. See article by Cohen Jr. in this issue.
Savitt Todd L - - 2010
Volume 1 of the Journal of the National Medical Association (JNMA), published quarterly during 1909, included a good deal of space devoted to 2 key concerns: (1) building and unifying black health professionals in medicine, surgery, dentistry, and pharmacy; and (2) providing a voice for these African American health professionals ...
Schneider Peter A - - 2010
Vascular surgery has matured to the point that there exists robust bodies of literature exploring many of our therapies. However, this evidence is but one of the factors that dictate medical practice. Others include local patient demographics, the practical implications of healthcare delivery, and an individual surgeon's interpretation of this ...
- - 2010
Hand and wrist radiographs of patient with TODPD: bilateral, symmetrical involvement with shortening of the bones, amorphous ossification and interosseous fusions. See article by Brunetti-Pierri et al. in this issue.
Arriola-Quiroz Isaias - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Many medical schools require a student thesis before graduation. Publishing results in a peer-reviewed journal could be an indicator of scientific value and acceptability by the scientific community. The publication pattern of theses published by medical students in Peru is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Macklin Ruth - - 2010
Fast forward 50 years into the future. A look back at what occurred in the field of bioethics since 2010 reveals that a conference in 2050 commemorated the death of bioethics. In a steady progression over the years, the field became increasingly fragmented and bureaucratized. Disagreement and dissension were rife, ...
Levine Mitchell A H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of inappropriate use of arithmetic scales to present relative risk (RR) and odds ratio (OR) data in figures among a group of high-profile general medical journals. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Articles presenting RR or OR data in figures and published in one of five journals ...
- - 2010
Note the the hypoplasia of middle phalanges, syndactyly of fingers and toes, and bilateral preaxial polydactyly on feet in the upper panel and the syndactyly of fingers and toes and postaxial polydactyly of hands and feet in the lower. See article by Alessandri et al. in this issue.
Vitry A I - - 2010
A comparison of the results of pivotal trials on three new medicines for advanced breast cancer published in medical journals with those presented in the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reviews showed that analyses reported in journals were of lower quality and were given a favorable interpretation by minimizing ...
Heckenberg Andrea - - 2010
Medicine is a discipline where there are still pronounced gender imbalances. Whereas worldwide about 50% of beginners in medical schools are female, only few of them reach leading positions. Our aim was to analyze how this situation is reflected in a peer-reviewed general medical-scientific journal. We screened all papers submitted ...
- - 2010
Biparietal foramina, characteristic of Potocki-Shaffer syndrome, are evident on the skull X-ray images; Exostoses of the diaphyseal portion of the right humerus are seen on the radiograph. See article by Swarr et al. in this issue.
- - 2010
Variations in length of the incisura. See article by Hunter in this issue.
Labrecque Michel - - 2010
Defined as reviews of clinical aspects of a specific health problem published in peer-reviewed and non-peer-reviewed medical journals, offered without charge, continuing medical education (CME) articles form a key strategy for translating knowledge into practice. This study assessed CME articles for mention of evidence-based information on benefits and harms of ...
McLeod Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs are active at many universities and they involve many specialties and subspecialties. There is a surprising dearth of journal clubs which deal with articles related to the science of medical education. AIMS: In an effort to expose medical educators to the outstanding benefits of medical education journal ...
Eysenbach Gunther - - 2010
Peer-reviewed journals remain important vehicles for knowledge transfer and dissemination in health informatics, yet, their format, processes and business models are changing only slowly. Up to the end of last century, it was common for individual researchers and scientific organizations to leave the business of knowledge transfer to professional publishers, ...
Jacques Thomas S - - 2010
Most published articles are not cited and citation rates depend on many variables. We hypothesized that specific features of journal titles may be related to citation rates. We reviewed the title characteristics of the 25 most cited articles and the 25 least cited articles published in 2005 in general and ...
Rizkallah Jacques - - 2010
Impact factor (IF) is a commonly used surrogate for assessing the scientific quality of journals and articles. There is growing discontent in the medical community with the use of this quality assessment tool because of its many inherent limitations. To help address such concerns, Eigenfactor (ES) and Article Influence scores ...
Heimans L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Claims made in advertisements in medical journals might not always be supported by high-quality evidence, and referenced studies may have been sponsored by the pharmaceutical industry itself. We studied to what extent randomised controlled trials (RCTs) support the claims in advertisements in leading medical journals. METHODS: Consecutive unique advertisements ...
- - 2010
Oral findings in the patient with a novel syndrome. Note nummular scars, high palate, and gingival synechiae. See article by Castori et al. in this issue.
- - 2010
For the article "Improvement of Active Rheumatoid Arthritis After Etanercept Injection: A Single-center Experience" that was published in the Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 2009;72(11):581-7, the "Received" date was wrongly listed as "April 279, 2009". The date is corrected to "April 27, 2009".
Sox Harold C - - 2010
Editors from a number of medical journals lay out principles for journals considering publication of Comparative Effectiveness Research (CER). In order to encourage dissemination of this editorial, this article is freely available in PLoS Medicine and will be also published in Medical Decision Making, Croatian Medical Journal, The Cochrane Library, ...
Ioannidis John P A - - 2010
Influential medical journals shape medical science and practice and their prestige is usually appraised by citation impact metrics, such as the journal impact factor. However, how permanent are medical journals and how stable is their impact over time? We evaluated what happened to general medical journals that were publishing papers ...
Aronowitz Jesse N - - 2010
PURPOSE: Exploration of Howard Atwood Kelly's contributions to gynecologic brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Review of contemporary journals, texts, newspaper accounts, and the memoirs of Kelly's associates. Information from unpublished material, including Kelly's handwritten notes and diaries, was culled from the Alan Mason Chesney Archives of the Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions. ...
- - 2009
Portrait of J. Langdon Down, circa 1870. See article by Neri and Opitz in this issue.
Lape?a J F - - 2009
The concept of editorial freedom or independence is examined in the light of the editor-owner relationship. Like individual and national freedom or independence, it is a rhetorical concept whose realisation flows from internal achievement as much as it depends on external validation. This freedom entails roles and responsibilities embodied in ...
Baerlocher Mark Otto - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Data reliability in original research requires collective trust from the academic community. Standards exist to ensure data integrity, but these safeguards are applied non-uniformly so errors or even fraud may still exist in the literature. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and consequences of data errors, data reliability safeguards and ...
Blum Jared A - - 2009
CONTEXT: Conflicts of interest (COIs) may influence medical literature. However, it is unclear whether medical journals have consistent policies for defining and soliciting COI disclosures. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of author COI policies, requirements for signed disclosure statements, and variability in COI definitions among medical journals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional ...
Akre Olof - - 2011
The acceptance of a paper in a top-ranked journal depends on the importance of the study, and should not depend on its country of origin. If the papers' citation rate is a proxy for their importance, and the threshold for acceptance is unrelated to the country of origin, papers from ...
Drazen Jeffrey M - - 2009
Introducing a new disclosure form for member journals of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors.
Caramelli Bruno - - 2009
This brand-new series of articles aims at delivering to national and international readers some of the cutting-edge contributions from the Brazilian medical literature. Recently papers published in the main Brazilian medical journals are carefully selected and analyzed by skilled medical editors. In addition we asked editors to choose keywords to ...
- - 2009
The girl with progeroid syndrome and scleroderma-like skin changes at the age of 18 months. See article by Madej-Pilarczyk et al. in this issue.
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