Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 2285
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Zschocke I I SCIderm GmbH, Hamburg, - - 2014
Psoriasis is a chronic, recurrent immune-mediated skin disease with a 2-3% prevalence in the Western population, which severely affects patients' quality of life and poses a considerable socioeconomic challenge. The majority of individuals have psoriasis in limited areas and topical products are the mainstay of therapy according to existing guidelines. ...
Ochasi Aloysius - - 2014
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death globally. Over 80% of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). It is estimated that 1 million to 2 million people worldwide die each year due to lack of access to ...
Jensen Line Due LD Optimed, Clinical Research Centre, Hvidovre Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Hvidovre, Denmark, - - 2014
Background The use of potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) is common in the older population. Inappropriate medications as well as polypharmacy expose older people to a greater risk of adverse drug reactions and may result in hospitalizations. Objective To evaluate the prevalence of PIMs among acutely hospitalized patients aged ≥65 years in ...
Dickinson George E GE 1Department of Sociology and Anthropology, College of Charleston, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
A descriptive study to determine the current status of end-of-life (EOL) issues in UK medical schools. A brief questionnaire was mailed to the 31 medical schools in the United Kingdom in the spring of 2013. Data analysis consisted of frequency distributions. All schools offered some exposure to the topic of ...
Marchisio Paola P Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit, Università degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, - - 2014
Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common pediatric diseases; almost all children experience at least one episode, and a third have two or more episodes in the first three years of life. The disease burden of AOM has important medical, social and economic effects. AOM requires considerable ...
Prince Cynthia R CR *Nursing Services, Ministry Saint Joseph's Hospital, Marshfield, Wisconsin, - - 2014
Code teams respond to acute life threatening changes in a patient's status 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. If any variable, whether a medical skill or non-medical quality, is lacking, the effectiveness of a code team's resuscitation could be hindered. To improve the overall performance of our hospital's ...
Höss Angelika - - 2014
According to the latest amendment of the Medical Device Directive standalone software qualifies as a medical device when intended by the manufacturer to be used for medical purposes. In this context, the EN 62304 standard is applicable which defines the life-cycle requirements for the development and maintenance of medical device ...
McIntyre Neil N Retired, Essex, - - 2014
The 1878 marriage of Rose Anna Shedlock and Émile Roux was a closely guarded secret. Shedlock studied medicine at Edinburgh with Sophia Jex-Blake (1840-1912) and her fellow students but is not mentioned by name in the usual accounts of their battle for recognition by the University. Subsequently Shedlock attended the ...
Bussing Regina R University of Florida; College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: This study examines incident treatment patterns for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children seen in eight integrated healthcare delivery systems and identifies factors associated with adherence to Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set (HEDIS) quality measures developed by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA). Method: A retrospective cohort ...
Brown Melissa M MM aCenter for Value-Based Medicine, Flourtown bThe Research Department, Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia cEye Research Institute, Philadelphia dThe Retina Service, Wills Eye Hospital, Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
Although the patient value gain (improvement in quality-of-life and/or length-of-life) has been highlighted in Value-based Medicine cost-utility analyses, the financial value gain associated with healthcare interventions has received less emphasis. It is important for professional healthcare providers to realize their interventions often confer a large financial return-on-investment (ROI) to society. ...
O'Callaghan Pamela P University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, USA, - - 2014
Although stimulant medication can reduce symptoms and lessen the degree of functional impairment associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), the adherence rate in adults diagnosed with ADHD is reportedly <12 %. The article explores the contexts that influence stimulant medication adherence in adults diagnosed with ADHD. Using a mixed-method design, ...
Sheehy-Skeffington Barbara B 1Our Lady's Hospice and Care Services, Harold's Cross, Dublin 6W, - - 2014
Informal caregivers are important in enabling palliative care patients to die at home, including their role in managing medications. Often these patients are taking multiple medications, imposing an unnecessary burden on those who are already struggling with oral intake. A literature review revealed that, while there are a number of ...
Russell P P Flinders Medical Centre, Adelaide, South Australia, - - 2014
We developed a writing rubric that assessed the quality of four common errors found in the synopsis of a discharge summary: relevance, accuracy, clarity and presentation (R-A-C-P). We assessed the effect of an intervention that taught the essentials of discharge summary preparation. The intervention reduced the number of inadequate discharge ...
Windish Donna D Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, Yale Primary Care Residency Program, , Waterbury, Connecticut, - - 2014
In the age of smartphones and tablets, it has become commonplace to find apps that help you do or find almost anything. The quality and breadth of medical apps has improved greatly in recent years. You can now find medical apps that recreate textbooks, search for current articles, calculate likelihood ...
Capps Benjamin J BJ Centre for Biomedical Ethics, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, - - 2014
This article is an analysis of Derek Morgan's manuscript-'Coming Back to Life: The Normal Chaos of Medical Law', which remained unpublished at his death in 2011. Morgan made two claims in the manuscript: (1) medical practitioners and patients approach health from the different perspectives of 'reason' and 'emotion' respectively, while ...
Godschalx-Dekker J A JA Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2014
Psychosis in Parkinson disease is a therapeutic challenge. Regular strategies of treatment are aimed at reducing dopamine medication, and if necessary addition of clozapine.We describe the case of a patient with persistent psychosis. Nocturnal visual hallucinations persisted in spite of reduced dopaminergic medication and sequential treatment with atypical antipsychotic medication ...
Perestelo-Pérez L L Evaluation Unit of the Canary Islands Health Service (SESCS), Tenerife, Spain, - - 2014
Until recent years there has been no evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease (PD). This review and meta-analysis of RCTs describes the efficacy of DBS in improving motor signs, functionality and quality of life of PD patients. Several electronic ...
Morrison Wynne W Pediatric Advanced Care - - 2014
Clinicians frequently worry that medications used to treat pain and suffering at the end of life might also hasten death. Intentionally hastening death, or euthanasia, is neither legal nor ethically appropriate in children. In this article, we explore some of the historical and legal background regarding appropriate end-of-life care and ...
Chaudhari Dhara D Department of Internal Medicine, Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN, USA. - - 2014
Hypothyroidism is a common medical problem easily treated when diagnosed but requiring regular follow-up and patient medication compliance. At times, this diagnosis can go untreated resulting in the development of severe consequences such as Myxedema Coma. Of all the clinical symptoms, cardiovascular manifestations tend to be especially severe and often ...
Joseph Bellal B 1 Division of Trauma, Critical Care, Emergency Surgery, and Burns, The University of Arizona Medical Center , Tucson, - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Smartphones can be used to record and transmit high-quality clinical photographs. The aim of this study was to describe our experience with smartphone telephotography in the care of trauma patients. We hypothesized that smartphone telephotography can be safely and effectively implemented on a trauma service. Subjects and Methods: ...
Houtekie Laurent L Departments of aAcute Medicine bPediatrics, St-Luc University Hospital, Brussels, - - 2014
In Belgium, emergency medical services (EMS) are staffed with a medical team if mandatory according to the regulation authority procedures. Children are involved in interventions, but no extensive data are available in the country. We analysed the characteristics of the children involved in EMS to gain better knowledge of the ...
Boulet John J Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, - - 2014
The accreditation of medical school programmes and the licensing and revalidation (or recertification) of doctors are thought to be important for ensuring the quality of health care. Whereas regulation of the medical profession is mandated in most jurisdictions around the world, the processes by which doctors become licensed, and maintain ...
Miano S S Civic Hospital (EOC) of Lugano, Lugano, - - 2014
Pediatric insomnia is an extrinsic sleep disorder subdivided into two categories: behavioral insomnia and insomnia related to medical, neurological, and psychiatric diseases. This review will cover several types of insomnia, comorbidities and specific pediatric therapies according to clinical characteristics and age. Behavioral insomnia should be differentiated from pediatric insomnia due ...
- - 2014
Against a backdrop of a rising generics market and increasing patent expiries, the 'quality' of patents has become an ever more significant topic of debate. Pharmaceutical Patent Analyst has brought together a group of leading attorneys and IP specialists to disentangle the issue of patent quality, including its definition and ...
Sorrel Amy Lynn - - 2014
The national Choosing Wisely campaign, created by the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation, aims to improve quality and reduce waste by getting physicians and patients talking about medical tests and procedures that may be unnecessary and possibly harmful. To date, more than 30 medical specialty societies have joined Choosing ...
Wolf-Meyer Matthew M a Department of Anthropology , University of California , Santa Cruz , California , - - 2014
Increasingly, there is a temporal differentiation among kinds of treatments available through medicine. Cures offer one-time resolution of symptoms; that is, with the benefit of a cure, there is no longer a medical problem in need of treatment. Remedies offer temporary, situational relief of symptoms. Therapies offer temporary relief of ...
Konicarova Jana J Center for Neuropsychiatric Rsearch of Traumatic Stress, Department of Psychiatry and UHSL, 1st Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech - - 2014
Functional disturbances developed early in life include balance deficits which are linked to dysfunctions of higher levels of cognitive and motor integration. According to our knowledge, there are only a few studies suggesting that balance deficits are related to behavioral disturbances in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We tested the extent to ...
Al Mahdy Husayn - - 2014
The aim of this paper was, principally, to look at the coroner's post-mortem report quality regarding adult medical patients admitted to an English hospital; and to compare results with Royal College of Pathologists guidelines. Hospital clinical notes of adult medical patients dying in 2011 and who were referred to the ...
Rajpoot Sudeep K SK College of Medicine, American University of Antigua - - 2014
Neonatal hyperkalemia and hyponatremia are medical conditions that require an emergent diagnosis and treatment to avoid morbidity and mortality. Here, we describe the case of a 10-day-old female baby presenting with life-threatening hyperkalemia, hyponatremia, and metabolic acidosis diagnosed as autosomal dominant pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1 (PHA1). This report aims to recognize ...
Freitag Frederick G FG Department of Neurology, Medical College of Wisconsin, 9200 West Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
We review the therapies for primary headache disorders: migraine, chronic migraine, tension-type headache, and cluster headache. Recommendations follow the evidence-based treatments so far as is possible with expert opinion to give clinical guidance. Headache has 2 levels of care: acute treatments designed to stop a headache from progressing and alleviate ...
Clarke Aileen A Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, CV4 7AL, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
A previous cost-effectiveness analysis showed that bridge to transplant (BTT) with early design left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) for advanced heart failure was more expensive than medical management while appearing less beneficial. Older LVADs were pulsatile, but current second and third generation LVADs are continuous flow pumps. This study aimed ...
Subramaniam Mythily M From the *Research Division and †Department of General Psychiatry 1 and Research Division, Institute of Mental Health; ‡Office of Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, National University of Singapore; and §Early Psychosis Intervention Programme, Institute of Mental Health, - - 2013
A number of studies have reported that patients with schizophrenia have a higher body mass index (BMI) than the general population. Few Asian studies have examined BMI in patients with schizophrenia. The aims of the current study were to evaluate the distribution of BMI and prevalence of obesity in a ...
McGee Andrew - - 2013
This paper examines the recent prominent view in medical ethics that withdrawing life-sustaining treatment (LST) is an act of killing. I trace this view to the rejection of the traditional claim that withdrawing LST is an omission rather than an act. Although that traditional claim is not as problematic as ...
Crede S S Powerfree Education and Technology, Cape Town, South Africa, - - 2013
Pulse oximetry, a non-invasive method for accurate assessment of blood oxygen saturation (SPO2), is an important monitoring tool in health care facilities. However, it is often not available in many low-resource settings, due to expense, overly sophisticated design, a lack of organised procurement systems and inadequate medical device management and ...
Raviv Amnon - - 2013
Medical clowning has been primarily identified with working with children in pediatrics wards in hospitals. Over the past decade, more and more medical clowns have been working with adults and with patients with dementia as part of holistic care. Along with traditional medical care by hospital staff, the medical clown ...
Wang Lin-Run - - 2013
We used quality control circles (QCC) followed by the PDCA Deming cycle and analyzed the application of QCC to the sustained improvement of a medical institution in Zhejiang province. Analyses of the tangible and intangible achievements of QCC revealed that the achievement indices for reductions in internal errors, reductions in ...
Takaki Osamu - - 2013
For recent years, it has grown importance to evaluate medical service qualities of medical staffs and/or hospitals by using quality indicators. This paper introduces a representation system QI-RS of quality indicators. By using QI-RS, one can define quality indicators that satisfy understandability and formality, where "understandability" means that one can ...
Kirchmann Helmut H Institute of Psychosocial Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Jena, Friedrich Schiller University - - 2013
We investigated whether attachment security, measured by the Adult Attachment Prototype Rating (AAPR), was correlated with life satisfaction, independent of sociodemographic characteristics, medical burden, and age-related coping strategies in a sample of 81 patients (69-73 years) recruited from the register of a general primary care practice. Furthermore, we examined whether ...
Mustonen Anssi A Department of Dermatology, Turku University Hospital, University of Turku, Lemminkäisenkatu 1, 20014, Turku, Finland, - - 2013
Psoriasis is a chronic disease, which contributes to the economic burden on health care. The distribution of psoriasis medication costs and the quality of life in these patients has been estimated to be around 20% of total costs. To estimate the economic distribution of medications and the impact of multiple ...
Mansfield Jennifer J Smart Pump - - 2013
Safety software installed on intravenous (IV) infusion pumps has been shown to positively impact the quality of patient care through avoidance of medication errors. The data derived from the use of smart pumps are often overlooked, although these data provide helpful insight into the delivery of quality patient care. The ...
Veshi Denard D University of Bologna. Via San Donato, 9, Bologna (BO) 40126, Italy. - - 2013
The traditional approach towards end-of-life decision-making in Italy has changed. Whilst article 32 of the Italian Constitution recognizes the 'right to health' that grants patients to withhold or withdraw medical treatment, the Italian Medical Ethics Code neglects any kind of assistance during death or euthanasia. Although norms seem clear, ethicists ...
Rueff Maria do Céu Mdo C Universidade Lusiada, CEJEA/FCT, Centro de Direito Biomídico da Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Coimbra. - - 2013
I will problematize medical performances at the end of life, confronting them with the responses of Portuguese Criminal Law. By starting from a review of literature, both in Portugal and abroad, I will cross the criminal doctrine with a broader, interdisciplinary approach, including the reconsideration of medicine ethical tradition (notably ...
Loon Seng Chee - - 2013
(i) To evaluate the medication adherence rate of glaucoma patients in Singapore. (ii) To evaluate patients' quality of life status. (iii) To explore the factors related to patients' nonadherence to medication. A cross-sectional, prospective study, using interviewer-administered survey questionnaires. A total of 314 patients were interviewed altogether, of which 175 ...
Lachter Jesse J Jesse Lachter, Departments of Gastroenterology, Head of EUS Service, Rambam Healthcare Campus, Haifa 30196, - - 2013
To perform a quality control (QC) review of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) with emphasis on current consensus established quality indicators. A national quality control study of EUS was performed with expanded international comparison. Ten different healthcare institutions in Israel participated in coordination with University of Chicago Medical Center. Each Israeli center ...
Simoni-Wastila Linda L Department of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research, University of Maryland School of Pharmacy, Baltimore, MD, - - 2013
Despite well-documented evidence regarding antipsychotic use in older adults residing in nursing homes (NHs), there is a lack of evidence-based use and quality benchmarks for other psychopharmacological medications (PPMs), including antidepressants, anxiolytics, and sedative-hypnotics. To estimate the prevalence and patterns of use of PPMs and to measure the quality of PPM ...
Eisenberg Esther - - 2013
Regina is a 38-year-old woman who has been trying to conceive for about a year. She married late in life and started trying to conceive shortly thereafter. She is in good health, with no medical problems, and has had fairly regular menstrual cycles; however, she notes that the length of ...
Cortés-Sanabria Laura - - 2013
The use of automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is increasing compared to continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Surprisingly, little data about health benefits and cost of APD exist, and virtually no information comparing the cost-utility between CAPD and APD is available. We undertook this study to evaluate and compare the health-related ...
Liang Jonathan J Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2013
To systematically review existing literature on the effectiveness of medical management of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Systematic review. We performed a literature search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane CENTRAL from 1987 to 2012. Inclusion criteria included English language as containing original data, with five or more ...
Harrington Linda - - 2013
The goal of this project was to determine whether the use of bar-code medication administration complied with current evidence as to how it should be used. Using an evidence-based checklist, we performed a gap analysis on bar-code medication administration (BCMA) in an acute care setting. Compliance with current evidence was ...
Feldman Steven R SR 4168 Country Club Rd, Winston-Salem, NC 27104, USA. - - 2013
Psoriasis can have a large impact on a patient's quality of life, yet adherence to psoriasis treatment often is poor. A large international study was conducted in adults with psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis to characterize the disease burden of psoriasis and its relationship to treatment adherence using a detailed, self-administered ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >