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Roberts Anne - - 2014
The involvement of community first responders (CFRs) in medical emergencies in Scotland, and particularly in remote and rural areas, has expanded rapidly in recent years in response to geographical and organisational challenges of emergency medical service access. In 2013 there were over 120 active or developing schemes in a wide ...
Shah Amber A Amber Shah, Final Year Medical Student, Sind Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, - - 2014
"It is choice alone that is being honored, without regards for what is chosen." The debate on euthanasia in medical community stays unresolved. In this manuscript, we present arguments for and against euthanasia, review arguments from both the sides and conclude it with our opinion.
Ebright Joseph J The Pharmaceutical Research Institute, Albany College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Rensselaer, NY, - - 2014
Anticoagulants have been used in clinical practice for more than 50 years. Their indications expand, as more people are diagnosed each year with atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism. Vitamin K antagonists have been the most popular choice due to their effectiveness and their ability to reverse bleeding using a known ...
Adefolalu Adegoke O AO Department of Health Studies, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa - - 2014
Adherence in antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the extent to which the HIV-infected person's behavior corresponds to the prescribed medical advice in terms of using antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Adherence includes acts such as following instructions regarding dietary or fluid restrictions and taking medications at the prescribed time. This study aimed to ...
Dolara Piero P Neurofarba Department, Section of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Florence , Florence , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Minerals, metals, clays and rocks were widely used by physicians in the past. However, it was and it is well known that some inorganic elements at high dosage may have curative effects but also serious toxicity. The effects at low or ultra-low concentrations, on the contrary, are less ...
Ham Annelies C AC Department of Internal Medicine, Erasmus MC, Geriatric Section, University Medical Centre Rotterdam, P.O. Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Elevated homocysteine levels are a risk indicator for cardiovascular disease, fractures and cognitive decline. Previous studies indicated associations between homocysteine levels and medication use, including antihypertensive, lipid-lowering and antidiabetic medication. However, results were often contradictory and inconclusive. Our objective was to study the associations established previously in more detail by ...
Cruz Maria J B MJ Faculdade de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri (UFVJM), Diamantina, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selected by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were ...
Gudeloglu Ahmet A The PUR Clinic, Personalized Urology and Robotics, Ankara, - - 2014
Idiopathic male infertility can be diagnosis in approximately one-third of infertile males. The empirical medical treatment with or without assisted reproductive techniques appears common in male infertility practice. This type of management can be classified as hormonal treatment including gonadotropins, antiestrogens, and aromatase inhibitors and support with antioxidant supplements such ...
Yusuf Akeem A AA Chronic Disease Research Group, Minneapolis Medical Research Foundation, Minneapolis, MN; University of Minnesota, College of Pharmacy, Minneapolis, - - 2014
Information is limited regarding utilization patterns and costs for chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) medications in Medicare Part D-enrolled dialysis patients. Retrospective cohort study. Annual cohorts of dialysis patients, 2007-2010. Cohort year, low-income subsidy status, and dialysis provider. Utilization and costs of prescription phosphate binders, oral and intravenous ...
Ford Jonathan M - - 2014
With an increase in the number of patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease, it is not surprising that there is a consistent increase in use of nutraceuticals and other over-the-counter medications to combat memory complaints and ideally treat dementia. Throughout this review article, the authors highlight recent literature updates on B ...
Asyifah Mohamed Rashid - - 2014
Considering the array of comorbidities that comes with obesity and the propelling surge of this disease globally today, the urgent need for treatment is vital. While promoting a healthy physical regime and controlled diet to affected patients being the main bulk of present treatment, the prescriptions of weight-loss medications have ...
Gosai Sonal S Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Neonates are at risk for potentially life-threatening vitamin K deficiency bleeding. This can be readily prevented with prophylactic vitamin K following delivery. In this context, most vitamin K-deficiency bleeding occurs in those whose parents decline newborn vitamin K. One factor influencing parental decision-making is information received from health professionals. This ...
Ma Carolyn S CS Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Hawai'i at Hilo College of Pharmacy, Hilo, HI (CSM, FB, - - 2014
Unused/unwanted medications in households and patient care facilities expose vulnerable populations, including children, elders, and pets, to potential harm through inadvertent ingestion, as well as the potential for theft and assault. Hawai'i Administrative Rules prohibit the return of any prescription medications to retail pharmacies after dispensing. The Hawai'i Narcotics Enforcement ...
Ajabshir Sahar S Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, Florida International University, Miami, - - 2014
Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education: The current literature indicates that maintaining adequate vitamin D levels may be an important consideration in the treatment of hypertension, especially in individuals with vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency.
Hoffman Jerome R JR University of California Los Angeles, USA - - 2014
and HEMAL K KANZARIA: argue that efforts to reduce overdiagnosis and overtreatment should focus on changing professional and public attitudes towards medical error and uncertainty.
Morishita Yoshiyuki - - 2013
We investigated the medication-prescribing patterns of primary care physicians in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This cross-sectional study included 3,310 medical doctors who graduated from Jichi Medical University. The study instrument was a self-administered questionnaire to investigate their age group, specialty, workplace, existence of a dialysis center at workplace, and their ...
Mattila Matthew - - 2013
The use of over-the-counter products, herbals, and vitamins or supplements (collectively termed "nonprescription medications") is common among individuals with cardiovascular disease. We sought to determine patterns and predictors of nonprescription medication use and assessed whether different survey methodology may result in variable patient reporting of these products. Methods: We surveyed ...
Castro-Lionard Karine - - 2013
Despite the availability of effective preventive and curative medications for osteoporosis, and guidelines for its diagnosis and management, few individuals are treated for osteoporosis, even among those who have already had a fracture. Our objective was to describe the patterns of use of medication for osteoporosis, i.e., calcium supplements, vitamin ...
Mireku Kenyatta - - 2013
Many factors, including patients' methods of payment, may influence psoriasis treatment decisions.<BR> OBJECTIVE: To characterize psoriasis treatments by patients' types of payment in the US outpatient office setting.<BR> METHODS: Using the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a large survey that samples outpatient office visits to US non-federally funded physicians, ...
Ahn Christine S - - 2013
Psoriasis is a chronic disease that significantly impacts patients' quality of life. It most commonly manifests as localized disease, for which there are various treatment options.<BR> To determine the prescription patterns of topical corticosteroids and vitamin D analogs for the treatment of psoriasis in the United States and how their ...
Wakeham Martin - - 2013
Establishing a caloric requirement or energy target is a recommended part of any nutrition care plan. Our objective was to describe early documentation of a caloric requirement in critically ill children, and to determine if this would have any effect on daily energy intake and route of nutrition. We used ...
Vervloet M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Considerable variability in adherence over time exists. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent deviations from the prescribed regimen in type 2 diabetes patients can be explained by characteristics of the individual 'medication intake moments' and the patient. METHODS: Medication intake of 104 non-adherent type ...
Hosseini S M - - 2013
Spirulina spp. and its processing products are employed in agriculture, food industry, pharmaceutics, perfumery making, medicine, and science. Spirulina has several pharmacological activities such as antimicrobial (including antiviral and antibacterial), anticancer, metalloprotective (prevention of heavy-metal poisoning against Cd, Pb, Fe, Hg), as well as immunostimulant and antioxidant effects due to ...
Hoyte Christopher O - - 2013
While the use of performance enhancing substances by professional, collegiate, and Olympic athletes is well described, the rate of use in the general population is not well studied. We explored the use of energy drinks, dietary supplements, and prescription medications for the enhancement of athletic performance among college students using ...
Ferret Laurie - - 2013
Management of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is difficult, and overdoses can have dramatic hemorrhagic consequences. These works form part of a European computerized medical data processing project, which aims to develop IT tools for describing adverse drug events (ADEs). Materials and methods A tool enabling retrospective research of potential ADE ...
Alshahrani Fahad - - 2013
The plethora of vitamin D studies over the recent years highlight the pleomorphic effects of vitamin D outside its conventional role in calcium and bone homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency, though common and known, still faces several challenges among the medical community in terms of proper diagnosis and correction. In this ...
Plotnikoff Gregory G Penny George Institute for Health and Healing, Center for Health Care Innovation, Allina Health Care, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. Dr Plotnikoff is an editor of Global Advances in Health and Medicine - - 2013
In 1998, the British Medical Journal boldly stated in an editorial headline, "Vitamin D Deficiency: Time for Action."(1) The urgency was clear: vitamin D deficiency was going undiagnosed and untreated in large numbers of people. Patients were at risk and suffering needlessly. A simple, extremely low-cost, low-toxicity intervention was readily ...
Allam Abdulkader R - - 2012
To assess the nutrition and health status, nutrients intake, and physical activity among Saudi medical students. A cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, and laboratory assessments was conducted from January to May 2011 on 194 randomly selected Saudi medical students at Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The ...
Harris Kassem - - 2012
Recurrent pleural effusion (RPE) can be encountered in various benign conditions such as inflammatory, infectious, or other systemic diseases (e.g., congestive heart failure (CHF), hepatic hydrothorax, post lung transplants, post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, and chronic exudative pleurisy). Each condition is treated based on its unique pathophysiologic characteristics, ...
Fitch Ken - - 2012
Athletes have always sought to outperform their competitors and regrettably some have resorted to misuse of drugs or doping to achieve this. Stimulants were taken by the first Olympic athletes to be disqualified in 1972. Although undetectable until 1975, from the 1950s androgenic anabolic steroids were administered for increased strength ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2012
Purpose: Living in a rural region is associated with significant health disparities and increased medical costs. Vitamin D deficiency, which is increasingly common, is also associated with many adverse health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether rural-urban residence status of veterans was related to vitamin D ...
Zurlo John V - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency rickets is a childhood osteomalacia, with impaired skeletal development and potentially skeletal deformities. The radiographic findings of rickets are many but include widening, fraying, and cupping of the metaphysis. Developmental delay and related complications of seizure and tetany have also been reported. This medical entity is often ...
Wynn Tom - - 2012
Vitamins play various roles in the human body. They are necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and bone. With Americans eating less natural or unaltered food and more processed food, we are exposing ourselves to the likelihood of developing vitamin deficiencies. There are some instances where vitamins play ...
Raghavan Pooja - - 2012
Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a rare disorder of calcium metabolism that involves target organ resistance to the action of the parathyroid hormone. As a result, calcium levels may become dangerously low, sometimes leading to seizures and other symptoms. We present a case of a 23-year-old Somalian female on antiepileptic therapy presenting with ...
Ganjehei Leila - - 2012
A 90-year-old woman with orthostatic hypotension and near-syncope was found to have a low-normal level of vitamin B(12) and no other medical findings that could explain her orthostasis. Her symptoms responded to vitamin B(12) replacement therapy. This case shows that vitamin B(12) deficiency can induce orthostatic hypotension and syncope that ...
Mammino Jere J - - 2011
Paederus dermatitis is a peculiar, irritant contact dermatitis characterized by a sudden onset of erythematobullous lesions on exposed areas of the body. The disease is provoked by an insect belonging to the genus Paederus. This beetle does not bite or sting, but accidental brushing against or crushing the beetle over ...
Han Sandra Y - - 2011
Topical fluorouracil is widely used for the treatment of precancerous and cancerous lesions of the skin. The most common side effect of this medication is localized irritant dermatitis. The authors report a case of dysgeusia with metallic taste as a side effect of this medication. While not previously seen with ...
Xu Lisa Y - - 2011
A 70-year-old Caucasian man with a medical history of Parkinson's disease presented with a 3-month history of violaceous reticulated patches on his upper and lower extremities. The lesions were asymptomatic. The patient did not have a history of cardioembolic events or autoimmune disorders. No new medications were started before the ...
Gondim Juliana O - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Background.  Intracanal medication is important for endodontic treatment success as it eliminates microorganisms that persist after biomechanical preparation. Aim.  To evaluate the effect of two intracanal medications against Porphyromonas gingivalis and Enterococcus faecalis in the root canals of human primary teeth with necrotic pulp ...
Emer Jason J - - 2011
Corticosteroids are the mainstay of therapy for atopic dermatitis, but long-term use is associated with adverse effects. We sought to evaluate the clinical efficacy of two steroid-sparing creams for atopic dermatitis. Twenty patients were enrolled in an investigator-blinded, bilateral comparison study. Patients applied pimecrolimus cream twice daily to a target ...
Johnson Cameron Campbell - - 2011
To report a case of corneal melting in a patient with fornix foreshortening being treated with reformulated generic diclofenac. Case report. An asymptomatic 76-year old man presented with central corneal melting while being treated with reformulated generic diclofenac. This formulation did not contain the vitamin E derivative, tocophersolan, which has ...
Al Aboud Khalid - - 2010
Leprology is the medical science that focuses on the study of leprosy. There are several eponymic terms that are in common use in leprology, and this paper sheds some light on these eponyms.
Adams Kelly M - - 2010
Proper nutrition plays a key role in disease prevention and treatment. Many patients understand this link and look to physicians for guidance diet and physical activity. Actual physician practice, however, is often inadequate in addressing the nutrition aspects of diseases such as cancer, obesity, and diabetes. Physicians do not feel ...
Adams Kelly M KM Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7461, USA. - - 2010
To quantify the number of required hours of nutrition education at U.S. medical schools and the types of courses in which the instruction was offered, and to compare these results with results from previous surveys. The authors distributed to all 127 accredited U.S. medical schools (that were matriculating students at ...
Gramlich Leah M - - 2010
Patients routinely seek physicians' guidance about diet and the relation between nutrition and the prevention and treatment of disease. However, the adequacy of nutrition instruction in undergraduate medical education is questionable. The purpose of this study was to investigate Canadian medical students' perceptions of and satisfaction with their education in ...
Henes Sarah T - - 2010
To determine the feasibility and impact of implementing a standardized medical nutrition therapy (MNT) protocol to treat overweight children in their medical home. Primary outcomes evaluated were changes in eating behaviors, television habits, and weight status. A MNT protocol with handouts (known as KIDPOWER) was delivered by a registered dietitian ...
Tscholl Philippe - - 2010
High use of medication and nutritional supplements has been reported in several sports. To document the use of prescribed medication and nutritional supplements in female and male junior, youth, and adult track and field athletes depending on their sports discipline. Descriptive epidemiology study. Analysis of 3 887 doping control forms ...
- - 2009
Three cases of confusion between brand names have been reported in detail. Previscan (the anticoagulant fluindione) was taken instead of Permixon (saw palmetto extract for prostatic hyperplasia, "serenoa repens") or Preservision (a nutritional supplement for the prevention of age-related eye disease). These medication errors led to sometimes severe haemorrhages.
Babwah T - - 2009
Athletes in the Caribbean depend heavily on their medical personnel to advise on the correct use of medications for their illnesses. Doctors, pharmacists and paramedical personnel that accompany or treat athletes must be knowledgeable of which commonly prescribed substances are banned in sport in order to correctly advise and treat ...
Wohlt Paul D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Recommendations for the use of medications with continuous enteral nutrition are provided. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify primary literature reporting medication interactions with continuous enteral nutrition. For medications without supporting literature, manufacturers were contacted for information. Package inserts for specific medications were also investigated for any ...
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