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Asyifah Mohamed Rashid - - 2014
Considering the array of comorbidities that comes with obesity and the propelling surge of this disease globally today, the urgent need for treatment is vital. While promoting a healthy physical regime and controlled diet to affected patients being the main bulk of present treatment, the prescriptions of weight-loss medications have ...
Gosai Sonal S Dunedin School of Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New - - 2014
Neonates are at risk for potentially life-threatening vitamin K deficiency bleeding. This can be readily prevented with prophylactic vitamin K following delivery. In this context, most vitamin K-deficiency bleeding occurs in those whose parents decline newborn vitamin K. One factor influencing parental decision-making is information received from health professionals. This ...
Ma Carolyn S CS Department of Pharmacy Practice, University of Hawai'i at Hilo College of Pharmacy, Hilo, HI (CSM, FB, - - 2014
Unused/unwanted medications in households and patient care facilities expose vulnerable populations, including children, elders, and pets, to potential harm through inadvertent ingestion, as well as the potential for theft and assault. Hawai'i Administrative Rules prohibit the return of any prescription medications to retail pharmacies after dispensing. The Hawai'i Narcotics Enforcement ...
Morishita Yoshiyuki - - 2013
We investigated the medication-prescribing patterns of primary care physicians in chronic kidney disease (CKD). This cross-sectional study included 3,310 medical doctors who graduated from Jichi Medical University. The study instrument was a self-administered questionnaire to investigate their age group, specialty, workplace, existence of a dialysis center at workplace, and their ...
Mattila Matthew - - 2013
The use of over-the-counter products, herbals, and vitamins or supplements (collectively termed "nonprescription medications") is common among individuals with cardiovascular disease. We sought to determine patterns and predictors of nonprescription medication use and assessed whether different survey methodology may result in variable patient reporting of these products. Methods: We surveyed ...
Castro-Lionard Karine - - 2013
Despite the availability of effective preventive and curative medications for osteoporosis, and guidelines for its diagnosis and management, few individuals are treated for osteoporosis, even among those who have already had a fracture. Our objective was to describe the patterns of use of medication for osteoporosis, i.e., calcium supplements, vitamin ...
Mireku Kenyatta - - 2013
Many factors, including patients' methods of payment, may influence psoriasis treatment decisions.<BR> OBJECTIVE: To characterize psoriasis treatments by patients' types of payment in the US outpatient office setting.<BR> METHODS: Using the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS), a large survey that samples outpatient office visits to US non-federally funded physicians, ...
Ahn Christine S - - 2013
Psoriasis is a chronic disease that significantly impacts patients' quality of life. It most commonly manifests as localized disease, for which there are various treatment options.<BR> To determine the prescription patterns of topical corticosteroids and vitamin D analogs for the treatment of psoriasis in the United States and how their ...
Wakeham Martin - - 2013
Establishing a caloric requirement or energy target is a recommended part of any nutrition care plan. Our objective was to describe early documentation of a caloric requirement in critically ill children, and to determine if this would have any effect on daily energy intake and route of nutrition. We used ...
Vervloet M - - 2013
PURPOSE: Considerable variability in adherence over time exists. The aim of this study was to investigate to what extent deviations from the prescribed regimen in type 2 diabetes patients can be explained by characteristics of the individual 'medication intake moments' and the patient. METHODS: Medication intake of 104 non-adherent type ...
Hosseini S M - - 2013
Spirulina spp. and its processing products are employed in agriculture, food industry, pharmaceutics, perfumery making, medicine, and science. Spirulina has several pharmacological activities such as antimicrobial (including antiviral and antibacterial), anticancer, metalloprotective (prevention of heavy-metal poisoning against Cd, Pb, Fe, Hg), as well as immunostimulant and antioxidant effects due to ...
Hoyte Christopher O - - 2013
While the use of performance enhancing substances by professional, collegiate, and Olympic athletes is well described, the rate of use in the general population is not well studied. We explored the use of energy drinks, dietary supplements, and prescription medications for the enhancement of athletic performance among college students using ...
Ferret Laurie - - 2013
Management of vitamin K antagonists (VKA) is difficult, and overdoses can have dramatic hemorrhagic consequences. These works form part of a European computerized medical data processing project, which aims to develop IT tools for describing adverse drug events (ADEs). Materials and methods A tool enabling retrospective research of potential ADE ...
Alshahrani Fahad - - 2013
The plethora of vitamin D studies over the recent years highlight the pleomorphic effects of vitamin D outside its conventional role in calcium and bone homeostasis. Vitamin D deficiency, though common and known, still faces several challenges among the medical community in terms of proper diagnosis and correction. In this ...
Plotnikoff Gregory G Penny George Institute for Health and Healing, Center for Health Care Innovation, Allina Health Care, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States. Dr Plotnikoff is an editor of Global Advances in Health and Medicine - - 2013
In 1998, the British Medical Journal boldly stated in an editorial headline, "Vitamin D Deficiency: Time for Action."(1) The urgency was clear: vitamin D deficiency was going undiagnosed and untreated in large numbers of people. Patients were at risk and suffering needlessly. A simple, extremely low-cost, low-toxicity intervention was readily ...
Allam Abdulkader R - - 2012
To assess the nutrition and health status, nutrients intake, and physical activity among Saudi medical students. A cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire, anthropometric measurements, and laboratory assessments was conducted from January to May 2011 on 194 randomly selected Saudi medical students at Taibah University, Madinah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The ...
Harris Kassem - - 2012
Recurrent pleural effusion (RPE) can be encountered in various benign conditions such as inflammatory, infectious, or other systemic diseases (e.g., congestive heart failure (CHF), hepatic hydrothorax, post lung transplants, post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, and chronic exudative pleurisy). Each condition is treated based on its unique pathophysiologic characteristics, ...
Fitch Ken - - 2012
Athletes have always sought to outperform their competitors and regrettably some have resorted to misuse of drugs or doping to achieve this. Stimulants were taken by the first Olympic athletes to be disqualified in 1972. Although undetectable until 1975, from the 1950s androgenic anabolic steroids were administered for increased strength ...
Bailey Beth A - - 2012
Purpose: Living in a rural region is associated with significant health disparities and increased medical costs. Vitamin D deficiency, which is increasingly common, is also associated with many adverse health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine whether rural-urban residence status of veterans was related to vitamin D ...
Zurlo John V - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency rickets is a childhood osteomalacia, with impaired skeletal development and potentially skeletal deformities. The radiographic findings of rickets are many but include widening, fraying, and cupping of the metaphysis. Developmental delay and related complications of seizure and tetany have also been reported. This medical entity is often ...
Wynn Tom - - 2012
Vitamins play various roles in the human body. They are necessary for the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and bone. With Americans eating less natural or unaltered food and more processed food, we are exposing ourselves to the likelihood of developing vitamin deficiencies. There are some instances where vitamins play ...
Raghavan Pooja - - 2012
Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a rare disorder of calcium metabolism that involves target organ resistance to the action of the parathyroid hormone. As a result, calcium levels may become dangerously low, sometimes leading to seizures and other symptoms. We present a case of a 23-year-old Somalian female on antiepileptic therapy presenting with ...
Ganjehei Leila - - 2012
A 90-year-old woman with orthostatic hypotension and near-syncope was found to have a low-normal level of vitamin B(12) and no other medical findings that could explain her orthostasis. Her symptoms responded to vitamin B(12) replacement therapy. This case shows that vitamin B(12) deficiency can induce orthostatic hypotension and syncope that ...
Mammino Jere J - - 2011
Paederus dermatitis is a peculiar, irritant contact dermatitis characterized by a sudden onset of erythematobullous lesions on exposed areas of the body. The disease is provoked by an insect belonging to the genus Paederus. This beetle does not bite or sting, but accidental brushing against or crushing the beetle over ...
Han Sandra Y - - 2011
Topical fluorouracil is widely used for the treatment of precancerous and cancerous lesions of the skin. The most common side effect of this medication is localized irritant dermatitis. The authors report a case of dysgeusia with metallic taste as a side effect of this medication. While not previously seen with ...
Xu Lisa Y - - 2011
A 70-year-old Caucasian man with a medical history of Parkinson's disease presented with a 3-month history of violaceous reticulated patches on his upper and lower extremities. The lesions were asymptomatic. The patient did not have a history of cardioembolic events or autoimmune disorders. No new medications were started before the ...
Gondim Juliana O - - 2011
International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 2011 Background.  Intracanal medication is important for endodontic treatment success as it eliminates microorganisms that persist after biomechanical preparation. Aim.  To evaluate the effect of two intracanal medications against Porphyromonas gingivalis and Enterococcus faecalis in the root canals of human primary teeth with necrotic pulp ...
Emer Jason J - - 2011
Corticosteroids are the mainstay of therapy for atopic dermatitis, but long-term use is associated with adverse effects. We sought to evaluate the clinical efficacy of two steroid-sparing creams for atopic dermatitis. Twenty patients were enrolled in an investigator-blinded, bilateral comparison study. Patients applied pimecrolimus cream twice daily to a target ...
Johnson Cameron Campbell - - 2011
To report a case of corneal melting in a patient with fornix foreshortening being treated with reformulated generic diclofenac. Case report. An asymptomatic 76-year old man presented with central corneal melting while being treated with reformulated generic diclofenac. This formulation did not contain the vitamin E derivative, tocophersolan, which has ...
Al Aboud Khalid - - 2010
Leprology is the medical science that focuses on the study of leprosy. There are several eponymic terms that are in common use in leprology, and this paper sheds some light on these eponyms.
Adams Kelly M - - 2010
Proper nutrition plays a key role in disease prevention and treatment. Many patients understand this link and look to physicians for guidance diet and physical activity. Actual physician practice, however, is often inadequate in addressing the nutrition aspects of diseases such as cancer, obesity, and diabetes. Physicians do not feel ...
Adams Kelly M - - 2010
PURPOSE: To quantify the number of required hours of nutrition education at U.S. medical schools and the types of courses in which the instruction was offered, and to compare these results with results from previous surveys. METHOD: The authors distributed to all 127 accredited U.S. medical schools (that were matriculating ...
Gramlich Leah M - - 2010
Patients routinely seek physicians' guidance about diet and the relation between nutrition and the prevention and treatment of disease. However, the adequacy of nutrition instruction in undergraduate medical education is questionable. The purpose of this study was to investigate Canadian medical students' perceptions of and satisfaction with their education in ...
Henes Sarah T - - 2010
To determine the feasibility and impact of implementing a standardized medical nutrition therapy (MNT) protocol to treat overweight children in their medical home. Primary outcomes evaluated were changes in eating behaviors, television habits, and weight status. A MNT protocol with handouts (known as KIDPOWER) was delivered by a registered dietitian ...
Tscholl Philippe - - 2010
High use of medication and nutritional supplements has been reported in several sports. To document the use of prescribed medication and nutritional supplements in female and male junior, youth, and adult track and field athletes depending on their sports discipline. Descriptive epidemiology study. Analysis of 3 887 doping control forms ...
- - 2009
Three cases of confusion between brand names have been reported in detail. Previscan (the anticoagulant fluindione) was taken instead of Permixon (saw palmetto extract for prostatic hyperplasia, "serenoa repens") or Preservision (a nutritional supplement for the prevention of age-related eye disease). These medication errors led to sometimes severe haemorrhages.
Babwah T - - 2009
Athletes in the Caribbean depend heavily on their medical personnel to advise on the correct use of medications for their illnesses. Doctors, pharmacists and paramedical personnel that accompany or treat athletes must be knowledgeable of which commonly prescribed substances are banned in sport in order to correctly advise and treat ...
Wohlt Paul D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Recommendations for the use of medications with continuous enteral nutrition are provided. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to identify primary literature reporting medication interactions with continuous enteral nutrition. For medications without supporting literature, manufacturers were contacted for information. Package inserts for specific medications were also investigated for any ...
Mirtallo Jay M - - 2009
Parenteral nutrition (PN) is a complex therapy that requires expertise and experience to avoid errors in prescribing and management. Because of care coordination issues, one medical center has developed and implemented a Web-based application to manage PN patients. PN orders have already been programmed into the physician order entry system, ...
Diekema Douglas S - - 2009
There is broad consensus that withholding or withdrawing medical interventions is morally permissible when requested by competent patients or, in the case of patients without decision-making capacity, when the interventions no longer confer a benefit to the patient or when the burdens associated with the interventions outweigh the benefits received. ...
Fenton Laura L PhD Candidate, Department of Sociology, York University, Toronto, - - 2009
This article explores the development of two policies for the governance of medical performance in the UK: the Department of Health's (DH) clinical governance policy and the medical profession's revalidation policy. After discussing the institutional context in which each of these policies emerged, we examine how and why they were ...
Pollack Craig Evan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The extent to which retail clinics provide access to care for underserved populations remains largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine whether retail clinics tend to be located in census tracts with higher medical need. METHODS: The locations of retail clinics as of July 1, 2008, ...
Schellens J H M - - 2009
Recent position papers addressing the profession of clinical pharmacology have expressed concerns about the decline of interest in the field among clinicians and medical educators in the United Kingdom and other Western countries, whether clinical pharmacology is actually therapeutics, and whether the profession should be limited to physicians. The Dutch ...
A-Kader H Hesham - - 2009
The 11th Annual International Congress of Pediatric Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, hosted by the Egyptian Pediatric Association in collaboration with the International Association for the Study of The Liver, provided a comprehensive review of different subjects related to pediatric hepatology, gastroenterology and nutrition. The meeting was chaired by Professor Mortada ...
Prins , A; ;
Nutritional balance is disrupted in burns patients as a result of profound alterations in basal metabolic rate and nitrogen excretion. <i> Continuing Medical Education</i> Vol. 26 (9) 2008: pp. 432-435
Loya Amanda M - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The use of multiple medications, herbs or nutritional supplements can lead to adverse consequences, particularly in the elderly. A significant consequence resulting from polypharmacy, polyherbacy and nutritional supplement use is the potential for interactions to occur among the various products. The primary objective of this study was ...
Patrick Stephanie - - 2009
When President Lyndon Johnson signed the Medicare and Medicaid bill into law in 1965, it ended the 46-year campaign to enact a healthcare program for senior citizens and started what is now a 42-year effort by the American Dietetic Association (ADA) and its members to expand its coverage to 'nutrition ...
Stempsey William E - - 2009
This article is an introduction to a special issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics on clinical reasoning. Clinical reasoning encompasses the gamut of thinking about clinical medical practice--the evaluation and management of patients' medical problems. Theories of clinical reasoning may be normative or descriptive; that is, they may offer recommendations ...
Hoffer L John - - 2009
The lack of consistent criteria for diagnosing malnutrition and protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) creates problems in educating medical students and physicians, setting the parameters for observational and controlled clinical trials, and formulating clinical guidelines. There is no validated formal definition of malnutrition (or PEM), and the tools that have been developed ...
Showler A T - - 2008
The standard practice of two or three preemptive insecticide applications at the start of pinhead (1-2-mm-diameter) squaring followed by threshold-triggered (when 10% of randomly selected squares have oviposition punctures) insecticide applications for boll weevil, Anthonomus grandis grandis Boheman (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), control does not provide reliable protection of cotton, Gossypium hirsutum ...
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