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Dale Sannisha K SK Massachusetts General Hospital, USA Harvard Medical School, USA Boston Children's Hospital, USA - - 2014
African-Americans living with HIV show worse health behaviors (e.g. medication adherence) and outcomes (e.g. viral suppression) than do their White counterparts. In a 6-month longitudinal study, we investigated whether medical mistrust among African-American males with HIV (214 enrolled, 140 with longitudinal data) predicted lower electronically monitored antiretroviral medication adherence. General ...
Beauchamp Gillian A GA Gillian A. Beauchamp, Shawn A. Ryan, and Michael S. Lyons are with the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH. Erin L. Winstanley is with Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine and the James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy, University of - - 2014
An epidemic of drug overdose deaths has led to calls for programs and policies to limit misuse and diversion of opioid medications. Any parallel call to consider the risk of iatrogenic addiction when treating pain has been muted in comparison. We have moved beyond questions of nonmedical use, abuse, and ...
Said Jawal J UCL School of Pharmacy, University College London, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London WC1 N 1AX, - - 2014
Broad-spectrum antimicrobial agents, such as silver, are increasingly being formulated into medicated wound dressings in order to control colonization of wounds by opportunistic pathogens. Medicated wound dressings have been shown in-vitro to be effective against planktonic cultures, but in-vivo bacteria are likely to be present in biofilms, which makes their ...
Han Hyun Ho HH Department of Urology, National Health Insurance Service Ilsan Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Goyang, - - 2014
To report the clinical characteristics of patients who have persistent lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after surgery for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and continue their medical therapy postoperatively. We retrospectively studied 372 patients who underwent transurethral resection of prostate for LUTS/BPH in 8 institutions to determine the differences between patients ...
White Ralph de Vere - - 2013
The rapid evolution of palliative therapeutic choices in the last few years for patients with advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) has resulted in a dilemma currently troubling a few other epithelial malignancies: which systemic agent to choose and at what time? In addition, which specialty specifically directs the delivery of ...
Ingimarsson Johann P - - 2013
Abstract Objective. The aim of this study was to determine whether there are correlations between medication use for lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostate hypertrophy (LUTS/BPH) and alteration in incidence and indications for transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). Material and methods. The number of TURP patients between 1984 and 2008 ...
Ghaderzadeh Mustafa - - 2013
There has been a growing research interest in the use of intelligent methods in medical informatics studies. Intelligent computer programs were implemented to aid physicians and other medical professionals in making difficult medical decisions. Prostate Neoplasia problems including benign hyperplasia and cancer of prostate are very common and cause significant ...
Gruschkus Stephen - - 2012
Our goal was to quantify relationships between adherence to 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), the risk of acute urinary retention (AUR) and prostate surgery, and medical costs related to patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Claims recorded over a period of 6.5 years in a nationwide managed care database were analyzed. ...
Morrissey Megan - - 2012
Medical pioneer Willem Johan Kolff was an inspirational father, son, physician and inventor. He founded the development of the first kidney dialysis machine, pioneered advances in the heart and lung machine, laid down the foundations for the first mainland blood bank in Europe and successfully implanted the first artificial heart ...
Nawrat Zbigniew - - 2012
The first Polish project in medical robotics began in 2000. Now, a decade later, the Robin Heart surgical telemanipulator has the potential to become widely used in many branches of surgery. The original robot and mechatronic tools have successfully completed the required laboratory tests and animal studies. The Foundation of ...
Foebel Andrea D - - 2012
Background and Aims: For older individuals living in the community with chronic diseases such as heart failure (HF), caregivers may play an important role in medication adherence. This role may be increasingly important as cognition declines. This study aimed to 1) examine the role of caregivers in medication adherence in ...
Oosterom-Calo R - - 2012
A systematic literature review was conducted to summarize the existing evidence on presumed determinants of heart failure (HF) medication adherence. The aim was to assess the evidence and provide directions for future medication adherence interventions for HF patients. Based on a search in relevant databases and a quality assessment, eleven ...
Granger Bradi B - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the theoretical linkages between symptom experiences and meaning associated with medication adherence. The specific objectives were to evaluate the key constructs of Meaning-Response theory for understanding medication adherence in patients with chronic heart failure; to assess the influence of symptom persistence ...
Riegel Barbara B Biobehavioral Research Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, 418 Curie Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104-4217, USA. - - 2012
Medication nonadherence rates are high. The factors predicting nonadherence in heart failure remain unclear. A sample of 202 adults with heart failure was enrolled from the northeastern United States and followed for 6 months. Specific aims were to describe the types of objectively measured medication adherence (eg, taking, timing, dosing, ...
Nieuwenhuis M M W - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Adherence to (non)pharmacological treatment is important in heart failure (HF) patients, since it leads to better clinical outcome. Although self-reported and objectively measured medication adherence in HF patients have been compared in previous studies, none of these studies have used an evidence-based cutpoint to differentiate between adherence and non-adherence. ...
Shrivastava Alankar - - 2012
In benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) there will be a sudden impact on overall quality of life of patient. This disease occurs normally at the age of 40 or above and also is associated with sexual dysfunction. Thus, there is a need of update on current medications of this disease. The ...
David Michael Z - - 2012
To determine whether methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) USA300 commonly caused infections among Alaska Natives, we examined clinical MRSA isolates from the Alaska Native Medical Center, Anchorage, during 2000-2006. Among Anchorage-region residents, USA300 was a minor constituent among MRSA isolates in 2000-2003 (11/68, 16%); by 2006, USA300 was the exclusive genotype ...
Jung Chai Young - - 2012
The Arden Syntax is an HL7 standard language for representing medical knowledge as logic statements. Despite nearly 2 decades of availability, Arden Syntax has not been widely used. This has been attributed to the lack of a generally available compiler to implement the logic, to Arden's complex syntax, to the ...
Feldman H J HJ Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2012
The Arabic language uses notations called diacritical marks around characters to change which letter a symbol represents, changing the word in which that letter is contained. We explore the potential for error of these marks when faxed in a critical case such as prescriptions. A large number of patients are ...
Perera K Y S - - 2011
Sri Lankan inpatients receive a discharge summary in English known as a diagnosis card. The authors investigated whether supplementing the diagnosis summary with native language improved patients' knowledge of illness and medication. Participants were 130 newly diagnosed patients with noncommunicable chronic diseases (92 men, 70.8%; 38 women, 29.2%; M age = 55.4 ...
Stenner Shane P - - 2012
To evaluate the performance of a system that extracts medication information and administration-related actions from patient short message service (SMS) messages. Mobile technologies provide a platform for electronic patient-centered medication management. MyMediHealth (MMH) is a medication management system that includes a medication scheduler, a medication administration record, and a reminder ...
Nadkarni Prakash M - - 2011
To provide an overview and tutorial of natural language processing (NLP) and modern NLP-system design. This tutorial targets the medical informatics generalist who has limited acquaintance with the principles behind NLP and/or limited knowledge of the current state of the art. We describe the historical evolution of NLP, and summarize ...
Murff Harvey J HJ Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA. - - 2011
Currently most automated methods to identify patient safety occurrences rely on administrative data codes; however, free-text searches of electronic medical records could represent an additional surveillance approach. To evaluate a natural language processing search-approach to identify postoperative surgical complications within a comprehensive electronic medical record. Cross-sectional study involving 2974 patients ...
Klaassen Zachary - - 2011
Giovanni Maria Lancisi (1654-1720) was an Italian physician who made significant contributions to many fields of medicine. De subitaneis mortibus was the first autoptic manuscript, suggesting that myocardial disease was a factor in a 1706 sudden death epidemic in Rome. His book De motu cordis et aneurysmatibus described the pathology ...
Babamir Seyed Morteza - - 2011
Medical monitoring systems are useful aids assisting physicians in keeping patients under constant surveillance; however, taking sound decision by the systems is a physician concern. As a result, verification of the systems behavior in monitoring patients is a matter of significant. The patient monitoring is undertaken by software in modern ...
- - 2011
Medical language and coding language are not the same, which means that physicians often write what they learned in medical school to describe a patient's condition: if it doesn't contain the proper language, the coders can't accurately code the chart. Educate physicians to use appropriate language to reflect the condition ...
Hills Laura - - 2011
Your patients and your coworkers will make judgments the moment they see you based upon your body language cues. As well, you can tell what they are thinking and feeling if you know how to read their body language behaviors. This article provides 25 research-based findings about workplace body language ...
Vinther Siri - - 2011
The objective of this study was to determine whether, where and when manuscripts were published following rejection by the Journal of the Danish Medical Association, a general medical journal published in Danish. Similar previous studies have focused on specialty/subspecialty journals published in English. Manuscripts rejected during a 4-year period were ...
- - 2011
Zurich Am. Ins. Co. v. O'Hara, 604 F3d 1232, 49 EBC. (BNA) 1018, (11th Cir. 2010). Court upheld Zurich's right to reimbursement for medical expenses from the proceeds of any full or partial recovery given the explicit plan language so providing "regardless of whether the covered person has been fully ...
Pantazos Kostas - - 2011
Electronic health records (EHR) contain a large amount of structured data and free text. Exploring and sharing clinical data can improve healthcare and facilitate the development of medical software. However, revealing confidential information is against ethical principles and laws. We de-identified a Danish EHR database with 437,164 patients. The goal ...
Kimura M - - 2011
APAMI 2009 was held in Hiroshima, Japan, on November 22-24, 2009. This issue includes two selected papers recommended by the programming committee co-chairs. They are "Lessons Learned from Data Mining of WHO Mortality Database" and "Survey on Medical Records and EHR in Asia-Pacific Region - Languages, Purposes, IDs and Regulations". ...
Breault Joseph L - - 2011
The American Heart Association in 2005 moved from the traditional do not resuscitate (DNR) terminology to do not attempt resuscitation (DNAR). DNAR reduces the implication that resuscitation is likely and creates a better emotional environment to explain what the order means. Allow natural death (AND) is the name recommended in ...
Li Ying Y Department of Biomedical Informatics, Columbia University, New York, NY, - - 2011
Knowledge of medication indications is significant for automatic applications aimed at improving patient safety, such as computerized physician order entry and clinical decision support systems. The Electronic Health Record (EHR) contains pertinent information related to patient safety such as information related to appropriate prescribing. However, the reasons for medication prescriptions ...
Pakhomov Serguei V S - - 2011
Our objective is to develop a framework for creating reference standards for functional testing of computerized measures of semantic relatedness. Currently, research on computerized approaches to semantic relatedness between biomedical concepts relies on reference standards created for specific purposes using a variety of methods for their analysis. In most cases, ...
Montani Stefania - - 2011
This paper aims at systematizing the ways in which the contextual knowledge embedded in the case library can support decision making, within case-based reasoning (CBR) systems. In particular, CBR applications to the medical domain are considered. After a quick survey on the definition and on the role of context in ...
López Beatriz - - 2011
Medical applications have special features (interpretation of results in medical metrics, experiment reproducibility and dealing with complex data) that require the development of particular tools. The eXiT*CBR framework is proposed to support the development of and experimentation with new case-based reasoning (CBR) systems for medical diagnosis. Our framework offers a ...
Mork James G - - 2010
The authors used the i2b2 Medication Extraction Challenge to evaluate their entity extraction methods, contribute to the generation of a publicly available collection of annotated clinical notes, and start developing methods for ontology-based reasoning using structured information generated from the unstructured clinical narrative. Extraction of salient features of medication orders ...
Eva Kevin W - - 2010
This study aimed to test the extent to which the use of medicalese (i.e. formal medical terminology and semantic qualifiers) alters the test performance of medical graduates; to tease apart the extent to which any observed differences are driven by language difficulties versus differences in medical knowledge; and to assess ...
Fadeyi A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The computer and information technology (IT) revolution have transformed modern health care systems in the areas of communication, storage, retrieval of medical information and teaching, but little is known about IT skill and use in most developing nations. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study has been to evaluate the ...
Terry Ken - - 2010
More hospitals are taking a serious look at computer-assisted coding (CAC). While CAC still requires human input, the latest technology--natural language processing that extracts code-related terms from electronic text--has helped boost productivity Both Eastern Maine Medical Center and Massachusetts General have documented shorter turnaround times in their coding tasks.
Wrobel Luiz C - - 2010
This paper reviews some of our recent applications of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to model heat and mass transfer problems in neonatology and investigates the major heat and mass-transfer mechanisms taking place in medical devices, such as incubators, radiant warmers and oxygen hoods. It is shown that CFD simulations are ...
Luo Gang - - 2012
Based on users' health issues, an intelligent personal health record (iPHR) system can automatically recommend home medical products (HMPs) and display them in a sequential order. However, the sequential output interface does not categorize search results and is not easy for users to quickly navigate to their desired HMPs. To ...
Logeswaran Rajasvaran - - 2012
Current trends in medicine, specifically in the electronic handling of medical applications, ranging from digital imaging, paperless hospital administration and electronic medical records, telemedicine, to computer-aided diagnosis, creates a burden on the network. Distributed Service Architectures, such as Intelligent Network (IN), Telecommunication Information Networking Architecture (TINA) and Open Service Access ...
De Kok Bregje - - 2010
This article examines lay knowledge about causes of infertility. We use discursive psychology to analyse semi-structured interviews with purposively sampled Malawians with a fertility problem. We observe that respondents deny knowledge of causes, sometimes emphatically, but this co-occurs with descriptions of potential causes. We show that these respondents thereby address ...
Williams Christopher D - - 2010
OBJECTIVES This study aimed to explore the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in undergraduate medical education in developing countries. METHODS Educators (deans and heads of medical education) in English-speaking countries across Africa were sent a questionnaire to establish the current state of ICT at medical schools. Non-respondents were ...
Brown Jay A - - 2010
Mapping medical knowledge into a relational database became possible with the availability of personal computers and user-friendly database software in the early 1990s. To create a database of medical knowledge, the domain expert works like a mapmaker to first outline the domain and then add the details, starting with the ...
Luo Gang - - 2012
Web-based personal health records (PHRs) are being widely deployed. To improve PHR's capability and usability, we proposed the concept of intelligent PHR (iPHR). In this paper, we use automatic home medical product recommendation as a concrete application to demonstrate the benefits of introducing intelligence into PHRs. In this new application ...
Lazaridis Christos - - 2010
Vasospasm is a major cause of morbidity and mortality following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. This article reviews the risk factors for vasospasm; the various methods for diagnosing vasospasm including the conventional 4-vessel angiography, computed tomographic angiography, and computed tomographic perfusion; the methods to detect vasospasm before clinical onset (including transcranial Doppler ...
Songara Raiendra K - - 2010
Medical device labeling is any information associated with a device targeted to the patient or lay caregiver. It is intended to help assure that the device is used safely and effectively. Medical device labeling is supplied in many formats, for example, as patient brochures, patient leaflets, user manuals, and videotapes. ...
Keriquel Virginie - - 2010
We present the first attempt to apply bioprinting technologies in the perspective of computer-assisted medical interventions. A workstation dedicated to high-throughput biological laser printing has been designed. Nano-hydroxyapatite (n-HA) was printed in the mouse calvaria defect model in vivo. Critical size bone defects were performed in OF-1 male mice calvaria ...
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