Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1007
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >
Lang Johannes K - - 2002
In contemporary anatomical nomenclature terms have often been derived from an ancient perspective of the human body. The term "spinal column" was used in ancient Egypt, symbolized by the "djet column." The authors discuss the first appearance of the term "spinal column," taking the ancient Egyptian interaction between religion and ...
Spoljar-Vrzina S M - - 2002
Recently, there has been a growing recognition that any research conducted with those that suffer should definitely be critical of the continuing policy of group equalizing, either in relation to ones ethnicity or any other salient parameter. However, it is seldom that this critical knowledge is applied from "outsiders" when ...
Acevedo Pedro - - 2002
Two possible methods to determine the spatial average temporal average intensity I(sata) and ultrasonic power W in composite ltrasonic transducers for medical application are described. Results showed that integrals using one method will yield accurate results but a vast amount of computational effort is required. On the other hand, using ...
Stojanovic Milan N - - 2002
We report herein a set of deoxyribozyme-based logic gates capable of generating any Boolean function. We construct basic NOT and AND gates, followed by the more complex XOR gate. These gates were constructed through a modular design that combines molecular beacon stem-loops with hammerhead-type deoxyribozymes. Importantly, as the gates have ...
Takemura Tadamasa - - 2002
The information about a patient tends to be handled more on a computer system. However, it is not sufficiently rational enough because of the fundamental difference between man and a computer. Up to now, man has treated information using a natural language. Therefore, if it can be applied to handle ...
Balter Julien - - 2002
In this paper, we present a multi-agent framework for data mining in electromyography. This application, based on a web interface, provides a set of functionalities allowing to manipulate 1000 medical cases and more than 25,000 neurological tests stored in a medical database. The aim is to extract medical information using ...
Beasley Brent W - - 2002
BACKGROUND: With advancing technology and flourishing medical information on the Internet, we studied the use of palmtop (handheld) computers by internal medicine residents. METHODS: At a university-community hospital consortium, nine internal medicine residents and their program director participated in an 8-month cohort pilot study using palmtop computers with desktop synchronization ...
- - 2002
Handheld computers can be used to make calculations, share articles with colleagues, store contact information, and even save lives. Translation software can facilitate communication with non-English-speaking patients. You can find out the cost of medications with drug reference software. Make the ED schedules accessible, so that staff can volunteer to ...
Lissin Lynette Wroblewski - - 2002
Aortic disease can present as an acute chest pain syndrome. Although aortic dissection is the most common etiology, other processes such as intramural hematoma (IMH) and penetrating atherosclerotic ulcers are being increasingly recognized. They can all be accurately identified by computed tomography (CT) imaging or transesophageal echocardiography. The overlap between ...
Weske-Heck Gesa - - 2002
The German language and in particular biomedical terms exhibit a rich and productive morphology. Beyond inflection and comparison forms frequently spelling variants, German - Greek/Latin synonyms and nominal compounds exist. For the English language, the SPECIALIST LEXICON, part of the UMLS project, covers a broad range of biomedical terms. In ...
Musen M A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To discuss unifying principles that can provide a theory for the diverse aspects of work in medical informatics. If medical informatics is to have academic credibility, it must articulate a clear theory that is distinct from that of computer science or of other related areas of study. RESULTS: The ...
Dzuganova B - - 2002
English medical terminology developed from medieval Latin terminology, which had absorbed a developed Greek terminology. Only a few medical terms come from the oldest developmental period of English language (from Anglo-Saxon). During the Middle Ages, French became an excellent medium for introducing new medical terms developed from Greek/Latin elements. Nowadays ...
Le Moigno Sophie - - 2002
In many medical fields, the maintenance of unabiguous terminologies, the comparison and aggregation of different terminologies go through the building of formal specialized clinical terminologies, the ontologies. In this paper, we describe the building of an ontology in the surgical intensive care medical domain. We considered textual reports as the ...
Jenders Robert A - - 2002
CONTEXT: Incorporation of research findings into clinical practice lags behind their dissemination in the medical literature. Arden Syntax is a standard that could be used to encode evidence in a clinical decision support system (CDSS). However, dissemination of knowledge is hampered by lack of standard linkages to clinical databases. OBJECTIVE: ...
Reece Richard - - 2002
Ed Roberts, MD, helped invent one of the first home computers and once worked closely with two fledgling computer junkies: Bill Gates and Paul Allen. But three decades later, the former electrical engineer says computers can help a small medical practice be more efficient, but they aren't advanced enough to ...
Svátek Vojtech - - 2002
The quality of document-centric formalisation of medical guidelines can be improved using a decomposition of the whole process into several explicit steps. We present a methodology and a software tool supporting the step-by-step formalisation process. The knowledge elements can be marked up in the text with increasing level of detail, ...
Finkeissen E - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: currently, it takes at least 6 months for researchers to communicate their results. This delay is caused (a) by partial lacks of machine support for both representation as well as communication and (b) by media breaks during the communication process. METHODS: To make an integrated communication between researchers and ...
Maojo V - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the scientific and engineering components of Medical Informatics. A clear characterization of these components should be undertaken to categorize different areas of Medical Informatics and create a research agenda for the future. METHODS: We have adapted a classical ACM and IEEE report on computing to analyze Medical ...
Hahn Udo - - 2002
MEDSYNDIKATE is a natural language processor for automatically acquiring knowledge from medical finding reports. The content of these documents is transferred to formal representation structures which constitute a corresponding text knowledge base. The system architecture integrates requirements from the analysis of single sentences, as well as those of referentially linked ...
Deda H - - 2002
Science must have a common language. For centuries, Latin language carried out this job, but the progress in computer technology and internet world through the last 20 years, began to produce a new language with the new century; the computer language. The information masses, which need data language standardization, are ...
Powell Tammy - - 2002
The Unified Medical Language System(R) (UMLS) Metathesaurus contains records arranged by concept or meaning. Each concept contains a unique identifier (CUI) that can be used to track the concept over time. Since the January 2001 release, the Metathesaurus has included the file MRCUI that contains mappings for CUIs that disappear. ...
Sun Yao - - 2002
To address the problem of semantic inconsistencies between medical databases, semantic network representations can be utilized to automate the matching of medical concepts between the databases. The performance of automated concept matching was tested by creating semantic network representations for two laboratory databases, one from a pediatric hospital and the ...
Goldstein M K - - 2002
Functional status as measured by dependencies in the Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) is an important indicator of overall health for older adults. Methodologies for outcomes-based medical-decision-making for public policy, such as decision modeling and cost-effectiveness analysis, require utilities for outcome health states. Utilities have been reported for many disease ...
Dorda W - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Today, many clinical information systems include analysis components which allow clinicians to apply a selection of predefined statistical functions that satisfy typical cases. They are mostly to inflexible to handle complex, non-standard problems, however. The focus of this paper, therefore, is to present an approach that enables clinicians to ...
Chiao Yun-Chuang - - 2002
Cross-language retrieval of medical information needs to translate input queries into target language queries. It must be prepared to cope with 'new' words not yet listed in a multilingual lexicon. We address the issue of finding translational equivalents of such 'unknown' words from French to English in the medical domain. ...
Yoo Terry S - - 2002
We present the detailed planning and execution of the Insight Toolkit (ITK), an application programmers interface (API) for the segmentation and registration of medical image data. This public resource has been developed through the NLM Visible Human Project, and is in beta test as an open-source software offering under cost-free ...
Kulikowski C A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Medical informatics has always encompassed a very broad spectrum of techniques for clinical and biomedical research, education and practice. There has been a concomitant variety of depth of specialization, ranging from the routine application of information processing methods to cutting-edge research on fundamental problems of computer-based systems and their ...
Karanikolas Nikitas N - - 2002
CAIRN (Computer Assisted Medical Information Resource Navigation) is a prototyping System that allows flexible medical data storage and retrieval supporting medical informatics research. In this paper methods that automate the selection of ICD-9 diagnosis (International Classification of Diseases and Diagnoses, 9th Revision) are investigated. We present the Text Data Mining ...
Kulikowski C - - 2002
The Yearbook of Medical Informatics is published annually by the International Medical Informatics Association (IMIA) and contains a selection of recent excellent papers on medical informatics research (http://www.yearbook.uni-hd.de). The 2002 Yearbook of Medical Informatics took as its theme the topic of Medical Imaging Informatics. In this paper, we will summarize ...
Miller P R - - 2001
This study compared structured vs. unstructured interviews for making psychiatric diagnoses. Three clinicians independently diagnosed 56 inpatient-subjects, each using a different method: (1) the unstructured Traditional Diagnostic Assessment (TDA), the standard method of clinical practice; (2) the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-Clinical Version (SCID-CV), a widely used structured method; and ...
Schulz S - - 2001
We describe a semi-automatic knowledge engineering approach for converting the human anatomy and pathology portion of the UMLS metathesaurus into a terminological knowledge base. Particular attention is paid to the proper representation of part-whole hierarchies, which complement taxonomic ones as a major hierarchy-forming principle for anatomical knowledge. Our approach consists ...
Leroy G - - 2001
This paper describes the development and testing of the Medical Concept Mapper, a tool designed to facilitate access to online medical information sources by providing users with appropriate medical search terms for their personal queries. Our system is valuable for patients whose knowledge of medical vocabularies is inadequate to find ...
Ingenerf J - - 2001
The interconnection of heterogeneous computer applications in medicine raises the issue of semantic interoperability, going beyond traditional approaches of terminological standardization in basically three aspects. First, the variety of medical vocabularies that currently coexist in different domains is a major barrier for the integration of autonomously developed applications. Fortunately, with ...
Embi P J - - 2001
Call them handhelds, palm-tops, or personal digital assistants (PDAs), pocket-sized computers are becoming a common feature on the medical landscape. As the technology improves, more programs become available, and the demands of medical practice heighten, physicians are recognizing the benefits of having information available at the point of care. This ...
Tegtmeyer K - - 2001
Computers are commonly used to serve many functions in today's modern intensive care unit. One of the most intriguing and perhaps most challenging applications of computers has been to attempt to improve medical education. With the introduction of the first computer, medical educators began looking for ways to incorporate their ...
Rector A - - 2001
My own career in medical informatics and AI in medicine has oscillated between concerns with medical records and concerns with knowledge representation with decision support as a pivotal integrating issue. It has focused on using AI to organise information and reduce 'muddle' and improve the user interfaces to produce 'useful ...
Gu H - - 2001
Controlled medical terminologies are increasingly becoming strategic components of various healthcare enterprises. However, the typical medical terminology can be difficult to exploit due to its extensive size and high density. The schema of a medical terminology offered by an object-oriented representation is a valuable tool in providing an abstract view ...
Chu S - - 2001
Hospitals generate and store a large amount of clinical data each year, a significant portion of which is in free text format. Conventional database storage and retrieval algorithms are incapable of effectively processing free text medical data. The rich information and knowledge buried in healthcare records are unavailable for clinical ...
Achour S L - - 2001
Decision support systems in the medical field have to be easily modified by medical experts themselves. The authors have designed a knowledge acquisition tool to facilitate the creation and maintenance of a knowledge base by the domain expert and its sharing and reuse by other institutions. The Unified Medical Language ...
Naressi A - - 2001
This article describes a Java-based graphical user interface for the magnetic resonance user interface (MRUI) quantitation package. This package allows MR spectroscopists to easily perform time-domain analysis of in vivo/medical MR spectroscopy data. We have found that the Java programming language is very well suited for developing highly interactive graphical ...
Tsafrir J - - 2001
The human body has been depicted in ancient cave-paintings, in primitively sculpted figures, and through all the ages in various forms of artistic expression. The earliest medical texts were descriptive but not illustrated. Later, as it became clear that knowledge of the human body and all its systems was essential ...
Peleg M - - 2001
Clinical guidelines are intended to improve the quality and cost effectiveness of patient care. Integration of guidelines into electronic medical records and order-entry systems, in a way that enables delivery of patient-specific advice at the point of care, is likely to encourage guidelines acceptance and effectiveness. Among the methodologies for ...
Boxwala A A - - 2001
Clinical guidelines are being developed for the purpose of reducing medical errors and unjustified variations in medical practice, and for basing medical practice on evidence. Encoding guidelines in a computer-interpretable format and integrating them with the electronic medical record can enable delivery of patient-specific recommendations when and where needed. Since ...
Cochella C - - 2001
It is challenging to remotely share generic medical case information without an agreed upon definition of a medical digital teaching file (DTF). By utilizing an application of the extensible markup language (XML) called web-distributed data exchange (WDDX) along with an agreed upon WDDX structure, it is technically easy to share ...
Kerkri E M - - 2001
In recent years, medical professionals are witnessing an explosive growth in data collected by various organizations and institutions. At the same time, the ongoing developments of networking technologies provide doctor with the capability to access these data across the boundaries of interconnected computers. In this paper we present a medical ...
Hajdukiewicz J R - - 2001
Modern medical environments have seen an increase in technological complexity and pressures of handling more patients with fewer resources, resulting in higher demands on medical practitioners. Medical informatics designers will have to focus on the problem of organizing medical information more effectively to enable practitioners to cope with these challenges. ...
Dayhoff J E - - 2001
Artificial neural networks now are used in many fields. They have become well established as viable, multipurpose, robust computational methodologies with solid theoretic support and with strong potential to be effective in any discipline, especially medicine. For example, neural networks can extract new medical information from raw data, build computer ...
Burgun A - - 2001
Recent work in Medical Informatics is exploring the development and the use of formal ontologies as a way of specifying content-specific agreements for the sharing and reuse of knowledge among several computer systems. We describe the role of ontologies in supporting knowledge sharing activities in medicine Principles for the design ...
Grannell M S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: A web site is a valuable shop window for any medical unit with something to sell or something to say. AIMS: The aim of this report is to outline the basic steps of web page design for the individual or unit with limited financial resources. METHODS: There are two ...
Kacki E - - 2001
The paper presents a concept of an experimental module designed to recognize spoken utterances that cover a limited range of words indispensable in dialogs with computer medical systems. Research into the recognition of spoken words by a module based on artificial neural network is described. Usefulness of the obtained results ...
< 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 >