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Results 301 - 350 of 1004
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Berman Jules J - - 2003
CONTEXT: In the normal course of activity, pathologists create and archive immense data sets of scientifically valuable information. Researchers need pathology-based data sets, annotated with clinical information and linked to archived tissues, to discover and validate new diagnostic tests and therapies. Pathology records can be used for research purposes (without ...
Kumar Anand - - 2003
One of the principal challenges in the medical practice is the update of their knowledge. One of the prime roles of the Continuing Medical Education is to train the medical practitioners with the latest advances in health care, specialized to their needs. Online courses and classroom teaching with computer-based representations ...
Fouzia Moussouni,Anita Burgun,Fleur Mougin
this paper is to demonstrate for each selected resource, which gene attributes are being extracted, how the extraction is performed and will define precisely their requirement during the analysis phase
Geyoushi Bohaira E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Developing country clinicians are aware of the discourse of evidence-based medicine but heavily constrained in their ability to access and apply new knowledge. This study aimed to obtain primary descriptive data about access to and application of reproductive health-related medical knowledge in developing countries. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semi-structured ...
Coste-Manière Eve - - 2003
For many years, robots have been used in manufacturing to perform a variety of delicate tasks. Their use is now being generalized to other fields, such as biology, domestic applications, and especially medicine, in which they are poised to make a significant contribution. This evolution comes from the progress made ...
Letterie Gerard S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: A marked increase in the number of computer programs for computer-assisted instruction in the medical sciences has occurred over the past 10 years. The quality of both the programs and the literature that describe these programs has varied considerably. The purposes of this study were to evaluate the published ...
Hwang Wen-Jyi - - 2003
In this paper, a novel medical data compression algorithm, termed layered set partitioning in hierarchical trees (LSPIHT) algorithm, is presented for telemedicine applications. In the LSPIHT, the encoded bit streams are divided into a number of layers for transmission and reconstruction. Starting from the base layer, by accumulating bit streams ...
Keplar Kristine E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To review some common medical applications available for personal digital assistants (PDAs), with brief discussion of the different PDA operating systems and memory requirements. Key search terms included handheld, PDA, personal digital assistants, and medical applications. DATA SOURCES: The literature was accessed through MEDLINE (1999-August 2002). Other information was ...
Tan K C - - 2003
One of the major challenges in medical domain is the extraction of comprehensible knowledge from medical diagnosis data. In this paper, a two-phase hybrid evolutionary classification technique is proposed to extract classification rules that can be used in clinical practice for better understanding and prevention of unwanted medical events. In ...
Schnaider Michael - - 2003
Minimal-invasive operation techniques have become more important and well accepted in the recent years. While offering obvious advantages for the patient, these techniques confront the surgeon with a restricted view of the region of intervention. This paper presents a novel approach for Computer-Aided Surgery (CAS), applying Augmented Reality (AR) techniques ...
Dobrokhotov Pavel B - - 2003
The goal of medical annotation of human proteins in Swiss-Prot is to add features specifically intended for researchers working on genetic diseases and polymorphisms. For this purpose, it is necessary to search through a vast number of publications containing relevant information. Promising results have been obtained by applying natural language ...
Zweigenbaum Pierre - - 2003
Medical Informatics has a constant need for basic Medical Language Processing tasks, e.g., for coding into controlled vocabularies, free text indexing and information retrieval. Most of these tasks involve term matching and rely on lexical resources: lists of words with attached information, including inflected forms and derived words, etc. Such ...
Fabry Paul - - 2003
Physicians are required to code information concerning a patient's stay in order to measure the medical activity in hospitals. They use the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10). Coding is usually performed manually and computerized tools may be useful in speeding up and facilitating ...
Mary Vincent - - 2003
The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is an extensive collection of terms and concepts. The UMLS includes biomedical terms from standard classifications. The semantic network (SN) links the concepts, sometimes ambiguously. In this paper we try, on one hand to describe the relationship between concepts more efficiently and on the ...
Nisand Gabriel - - 2003
The University hospitals of Strasbourg have worked for several years on the computer security of the medical data and have of this fact be the first to use the Health Care Professional Smart Card (CPS). This new tool must provide security to the information processing systems and especially to the ...
Wiemer J - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Medical informatics, neuroinformatics and bioinformatics provide a wide spectrum of research. Here, we show the great potential of synergies between these research areas on the basis of four exemplary studies where techniques are transferred from one of the disciplines to the other. METHODS: Reviewing and analyzing exemplary and specific ...
Chiao Yun-Chuang - - 2003
We present a method, based on the similarity of word distribution across languages, of finding 'new' words' translations in French-English comparable medical texts, starting from a partial bilingual medical lexicon. In this paper, we test the influence of adding general-language words to this initial lexicon. Our experimental results show that ...
Wunderlich M - - 2003
MEDIANOVO provides a high quality, scientifically indexed multi-media database with comfortable authoring and download functions through a web-based frontend. Currently, MEDIANOVO is used by medical teachers as a repository for storing and sharing media for educational purposes. However a database was created which could also serve with training and further ...
Breton V - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The availability of large amounts of data in heterogeneous formats and the rapid progress in fields such as computer based drug design, medical imaging and medical simulations have lead to a growing demand for large computational power and easy accessibility to heterogeneous data sources. OBJECTIVES: The goal is to ...
Nieradko Barbara - - 2003
The aim of this investigation was to find out what percentage of medical students use computers, have access to the Internet and experience computer related repetitive strain injuries. Even though they do not spend too long hours using their PCs, most of them doing it for one hour daily, they ...
Jadhav Ashwin - - 2003
The Arden Syntax for Medical Logic Modules (MLMs) is an ANSI and ISO recognized standard language for representing clinical knowledge bases. We analyzed the explicit and implicit structures in Arden Syntax MLMs and developed an information model represented as an XML schema. While the explicit structures were easily represented as ...
Cho Paul S - - 2003
Automated segmentation of medical reports can significantly enhance the productivity of the healthcare departments. While many algorithms have been developed for document summarization, passage retrieval, and story segmentation of news feeds, much less effort has been devoted to parsing of medical documents. We present an algorithm specifically developed for medical ...
Calvo Franz - - 2003
Despite their widespread use, the terms "syndrome", "disease" and "diagnosis" are sometimes utilized improperly and ambiguously, compounding the complexities of medical knowledge representation. The definitions and illustrative examples provided here will be useful for developers of diagnostic expert systems. Description of the Problem Representing medical knowledge is a highly complex ...
Tao Ying - - 2003
Finding the hierarchical relations amongst multiple terms within medical terminologies that support multiple parents to a term is a common task, especially for trainees and knowledge engineers implementing or maintaining medical logic modules or guidelines. Examples of such terminologies include the UMLS and the Medical Entity Dictionary (MED). In addition, ...
Browne Allen C - - 2003
A variety of resources developed for use with the Unified Medical Language System are presented. These resources include the UMLS Knowledge Source Server, the SPECIALIST lexicon, a set of lexical tools that work with the SPECIALIST lexicon, and a variety of other NLP document processing tools. These tools manage lexical ...
Lindberg Donald A B - - 2003
Biomedical informatics includes the application of computers, information networks and systems, and a growing body of scientific understanding to a range of problems. As skill in this field increases and as progress in virtually all modern biomedical science becomes more data intensive, informatics becomes a precious resource. Applications areas include ...
Shahar Yuval - - 2003
The Digital Electronic Guideline Library (DeGeL) is a Web-based framework and a set of distributed tools that facilitate gradual conversion of clinical guidelines from free text, through semi-structured text, to a fully structured, executable representation. Thus, guidelines exist in a hybrid, multiple-format representation The three formats support increasingly sophisticated computational ...
Zweigenbaum Pierre - - 2003
Knowledge of morphologically derived words, as provided for medical English by the UMLS Specialist Lexicon, is useful to detect term variants for automated coding and indexing. For most other languages though, no comparable morphological knowledge base is available. We therefore endeavored to design general methods to help collect such knowledge ...
Synnestvedt Marie - - 2003
Medical Informatics has been described as having a "long and delayed adolescence" which continues to "find itself in search of self-definition", and the AMIA Symposium Proceedings have been viewed as an indicator of trends in the field. This pilot study investigated the feasibility of applying a knowledge domain visualization approach ...
Zweigenbaum Pierre - - 2003
Lexical resources for medical language, such as lists of words with inflectional and derivational information, are publicly available for the English lantuate with the UMLS Specialist Lexicon. The goal of the UMLF project is to pool and unify existing resources and to add extensively to them by exploiting medical terminologies ...
Sarkar I N - - 2003
Integration of various informatics terminologies will be an essential activity towards supporting the advancement of both the biomedical and clinical sciences. The GO consortium has developed an impressive collection of biomedical terms specific to genes and proteins in a variety of organisms. The UMLS is a composite collection of various ...
Tse Tony - - 2003
Healthcare consumers often have difficulty expressing and understanding medical concepts. The goal of this study is to identify and characterize medical expressions or "terms" (linguistic forms and associated concepts) used by consumers and health mediators. In particular, these terms were characterized according to the degree to which they mapped to ...
Choi Jeeyae - - 2003
Arden Syntax for Medical Logic Module (MLM)1 was designed for writing and sharing task-specific health knowledge in 1989. Several researchers have developed frameworks to improve the sharability and adaptability of Arden Syntax MLMs, an issue known as "curly braces" problem. Karadimas et al proposed an Arden Syntax MLM-based decision support ...
Nielson Jeffrey A - - 2003
There exist many modalities for teaching and testing medical students. One method being explored is computer-based patient simulation. Traditionally, exposure to a variety of patients has been achieved through years of training under the supervision of experts in the field. Computerized patient simulation has been proposed as a method of ...
Webster Charles - - 2002
Cognitive science is a rich source of insight for creative use of new Web technologies by medical informatics workers. I outline a project to Web-enable an existing computer-based patient record (CPR) in the context of ideas from philosophy, linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive psychology. Web prototypes play an important role ...
Montani Stefania - - 2002
In the medical domain, different knowledge types are typically available. Operative knowledge, collected during every day practice, and reporting expert's skills, is stored in the hospital information system (HIS). On the other hand, well-assessed, formalised medical knowledge is reported in textbooks and clinical guidelines. We claim that all this heterogeneous ...
Volk Martin - - 2002
We present a framework for concept-based cross-language information retrieval in the medical domain, which is under development in the MUCHMORE project. Our approach is based on using the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) as the primary source of semantic data. Documents and queries are annotated with multiple layers of linguistic ...
Hahn Udo - - 2002
MEDSYNDIKATE is a natural language processor, which automatically acquires medical information from findings reports. In the course of text analysis their contents is transferred to conceptual representation structures, which constitute a corresponding text knowledge base. MEDSYNDIKATE is particularly adapted to deal properly with text structures, such as various forms of ...
Odusanya O O - - 2002
This study was conducted to determine awareness, level of use of computers and the use of the Internet for medical research amongst final year medical and dental students at the University of Lagos. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data. A response rate of 88% was achieved (136/155). ...
Clarke Simon - - 2002
Within recent times medical illustration departments have been changed dramatically by computers and new working methods. For photographers and illustrators alike this has resulted in an overlap or 'blurring' of roles. This paper discusses typical core skills that cause this overlap and looks at the necessity for everyone within the ...
Bui Aleex A T - - 2002
The collision of computer-based technologies and the medical environment is resulting in an increasingly electronic multimedia patient record, consisting of not only the traditional types of data (e.g., clinic notes and laboratory reports), but also digital images (e.g., computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging) and other visual representations of patient ...
Niederberger Craig S - - 2002
The science of statistics forms the basis of much of what urologists do and why. Understanding basic statistics is crucial to the appropriate interpretation of urologic studies. As valid as they are, the statistics taught in medical school represent only a small part of what computation can do for the ...
Neely Alice N - - 2002
Computer technology from the management of individual patient medical records to the tracking of epidemiologic trends has become an essential part of all aspects of modern medicine. Consequently, computers, including bedside components, point-of-care testing equipment, and handheld computer devices, are increasingly present in patients' rooms. Recent articles have indicated that ...
Berman Jules J - - 2002
The first task in any medical data mining effort is ensuring patient confidentiality. In the past, most data mining efforts ensured confidentiality by the dubious policy of withholding their raw data from colleagues and the public. A cursory review of medical informatics literature in the past decade reveals that much ...
Goldblum Orin M - - 2002
For physicians, hand-held computers are gaining popularity as point of care reference tools. The convergence of hand-held computers, the Internet, and wireless networks will enable these devices to assume more essential roles as mobile transmitters and receivers of digital medical Information. In addition to serving as portable medical reference sources, ...
Mansoor Ibrahim - - 2002
BACKGROUND: We conducted a survey at King Abdul Aziz University to assess computer and Internet related activities, needs, and attitudes of our medical students towards computer assisted medical learning. METHODS: A questionnaire containing 16 questions was distributed among medical students. The question form was prepared to assess the computer skills ...
Boulos Maged N - - 2002
BACKGROUND: HealthCyberMap (http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org/) aims at mapping Internet health information resources in novel ways for enhanced retrieval and navigation. This is achieved by collecting appropriate resource metadata in an unambiguous form that preserves semantics. MATERIAL/METHODS: We modelled a qualified Dublin Core (DC) metadata set ontology with extra elements for resource quality ...
Lang Johannes K - - 2002
In contemporary anatomical nomenclature terms have often been derived from an ancient perspective of the human body. The term "spinal column" was used in ancient Egypt, symbolized by the "djet column." The authors discuss the first appearance of the term "spinal column," taking the ancient Egyptian interaction between religion and ...
Spoljar-Vrzina S M - - 2002
Recently, there has been a growing recognition that any research conducted with those that suffer should definitely be critical of the continuing policy of group equalizing, either in relation to ones ethnicity or any other salient parameter. However, it is seldom that this critical knowledge is applied from "outsiders" when ...
Acevedo Pedro - - 2002
Two possible methods to determine the spatial average temporal average intensity I(sata) and ultrasonic power W in composite ltrasonic transducers for medical application are described. Results showed that integrals using one method will yield accurate results but a vast amount of computational effort is required. On the other hand, using ...
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