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Results 251 - 300 of 1008
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Markó Kornél - - 2005
We present a method for the automated acquisition of a multilingual medical lexicon (for Spanish and Swedish) to be used within the framework of a medical cross-language text retrieval system. We incorporate seed lexicons and parallel corpora derived from the UMLS Metathesaurus. The seed lexicons for Spanish and Swedish are ...
Verspoor Karin - - 2005
This paper explores the use of the resources in the National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) for the construction of a lexicon useful for processing texts in the field of molecular biology. A lexicon is constructed from overlapping terms in the UMLS SPECIALIST lexicon and the UMLS ...
Wooldridge Jean A - - 2005
The term 'digital literacy' is taking on a broader definition and greater urgency, as ubiquitous computing becomes a reality, and individuals and communities find their bodies and actions creating an exuberant wellspring of rich, complex data. These biological and sociological data can be ignored, used alone or shared with others ...
Han Seung-Bin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is a rich source of knowledge in the biomedical domain. The UMLS is used for research and development across wide range of different applications. In this paper, we evaluated the coverage of UMLS as compared with medical terms extracted ...
Delbecque Thierry - - 2005
Open-domain Question-Answering (QA) systems heavily rely on named entities, a set of general-purpose semantic types which generally cover names of persons, organizations and locations, dates and amounts, etc. If we are to build medical QA systems, a set of medically relevant named entities must be used. In this paper, we ...
Lu Xudong X Coll. of Biomed. Eng. & Instrum. Sci., Zhejiang Univ., - - 2005
The extensible markup language (XML) is gaining attention in medicine because of its flexibility. Since most XML documents convey information only on content, it has been difficult for medical applications to present and edit them in the precise format, as required in many clinical circumstances. This article offers a design ...
Blaser R - - 2005
To deliver patient-specific advice at the time and place of a consultation, to improve clinician performance and compliance by using computer-based decision support, and to integrate such IT solutions with the clinical workflow are important strategies for the implementation of clinical pathways. User acceptance plays a critical role: additional effort ...
Denny Joshua C JC Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, - - 2005
Electrocardiogram (ECG) impressions represent a wealth of medical information for potential decision support and drug-effect discovery. Much of this information is inaccessible to automated methods in the free-text portion of the ECG report. We studied the application of the KnowledgeMap concept identifier (KMCI) to map Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) ...
Altmann Udo - - 2005
A wiki is a technique for collaborative development of documents on the web. The Wikipedia is a comprehensive free online encyclopaedia based on this technique which has gained increasing popularity and quality. This paper's work explored the representation of Medical Informatics in the Wikipedia by a search of specific and ...
Kir Tayfun - - 2004
The aim of this study was to determine how medical students use the computer and World Wide Web at a Turkish military medical school and to discuss characteristics related to this computer use. The study was conducted in 2003 in the Department of Public Health at the Gulhane Military Medical ...
Krol M - - 2004
While interpretation of medical data is very often an ambiguous process, computers usually display results of recommendations, provided by both human experts and computer algorithms, as concrete data. This study proposes a visual presentation of relative degrees of uncertainty along with "standard" concrete medical data. A medical parameter (mean arterial ...
Pantazi Stefan V - - 2004
The "applied" nature distinguishes applied sciences from theoretical sciences. To emphasize this distinction, we begin with a general, meta-level overview of the scientific endeavor. We introduce the knowledge spectrum and four interconnected modalities of knowledge. In addition to the traditional differentiation between implicit and explicit knowledge we outline the concepts ...
Sarbadhikari Suptendra Nath - - 2004
Medical Informatics is the science and art of processing medical information. In this age of "Information Explosion" choosing the useful one is rather difficult, and there lies the scope of electronic database management. However, still many outstanding personnel related to the healthcare sector take pride in being "computer illiterate". The ...
Wang Da-Wei - - 2004
Based on granular computing methodology, we propose two criteria to quantitatively measure privacy invasion. The total cost criterion measures the effort needed for a data recipient to find private information. The average benefit criterion measures the benefit a data recipient obtains when he received the released data. These two criteria ...
Zhou Xuezhong - - 2004
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as a complete knowledge system researches into human health conditions via a different approach compared to orthodox medicine. We are developing a unified traditional Chinese medical language system (UTCMLS) through an ontology approach that will support TCM language knowledge storage, concept-based information retrieval and information integration. ...
David Bomba
This research reports on the results from a cross sectional study of doctor attitudes towards computerisation in a regional area (the Illawarra) of New South Wales, Australia. The survey examined General Practitioner (GP) attitudes towards computerisation and computerised medical records use in general practice. A quantitative survey was mailed to ...
Schneeberger Christian - - 2004
GENOSENSE Diagnostics GmbH, a company specialized in preventive genetic diagnostics, has committed itself to applying molecular medical knowledge to realizing the vision of individual, preventive and patient-tailored medicine. GENOSENSE offers a unique line of preventive genomic diagnostic profiles. Each profile focuses on a carefully selected set of polymorphisms associated with ...
Berman Jules J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Concept indexing is a popular method for characterizing medical text, and is one of the most important early steps in many data mining efforts. Concept indexing differs from simple word or phrase indexing because concepts are typically represented by a nomenclature code that binds a medical concept to all ...
Sun Yao - - 2004
The retrieval and exchange of information between medical databases is often impeded by the semantic heterogeneity of concepts contained within the databases. Manual identification of equivalent database elements consumes time and resources, and may often be the rate-limiting technological step in integrating disparate data sources. By employing semantic networks as ...
Gandsas A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Thanks to advances in computer power and miniaturization technology, portable electronic devices are now being used to assist physicians with various applications that extend far beyond Web browsing or sending e-mail. Handheld computers are used for electronic medical records, billing, coding, and to enable convenient access to electronic journals ...
In this paper, an efficient method for diagnosing medical pathologies is presented, which is particularly adapted to long term monitoring of patients. It results from the collaboration between the LORIA (Lorrain Research Laboratory of Computer Science and its Applications), and the ALTIR (Lorrain Association for Renal Failure Treatments). An important ...
Lison T - - 2004
The project VISION2003 consists of several partners with different professions ranging from medicine to medical informatics, from computer science to didactics. Its aim is the development, testing, introduction and a long-time maintenance of an open, web-based, intelligent and adaptive teaching and learning system for medical education. The system is expected ...
Logan Judith R - - 2004
The core curriculum in the education of medical informaticians remains a topic of concern and discussion. This paper reports on a survey of medical informaticians with Master's level credentials that asked about computer science (CS) topics or skills that they need in their employment. All subjects were graduates or "near-graduates" ...
Kerr C - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine lay persons' ability to identify methods of random allocation and their acceptability of using methods of random allocation in a clinical trial context. DESIGN: Leaflets containing hypothetical medical, non-medical, and clinical trial scenarios involving random allocation, using material from guidelines for trial information leaflets. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: ...
Jones R Kenneth - - 2004
Medical and scientific knowledge is not intrinsically different from other kinds of knowledge and has gone through the same processes in terms of its development. As a profession, medicine achieved its dominance in the 19th century and has subsequently consolidated its power base. A socio-historical perspective shows us that medicine ...
Rohm B W Trevor - - 2004
The application of computers to the medical field is not new; however, the leisurely rate of integration has left the medical field in the "dark ages" of technology. A brief overview of how computers and technology have been used in the medical field is necessary to understand medical computer science. ...
Nagl L L Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, - - 2004
Using a WinCE PocketPC as a central controller and computational platform to acquire and process medical data in an ambulatory telemonitoring environment seems to be a reasonable design decision. This paper summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of such a platform based upon recent experiences with wireless telemonitoring in large animals.
Dolin Robert H - - 2004
This paper describes Kaiser Permanente's (KP) enterprise-wide medical terminology solution, referred to as our Convergent Medical Terminology (CMT). Initially developed to serve the needs of a regional electronic health record, CMT has evolved into a core KP asset, serving as the common terminology across all applications. CMT serves as the ...
Jacquelinet Christian - - 2004
This paper approaches lexical semantic disambiguation and polysemy in the context of medical language understanding. These issues have been addressed as linguistic and cognitive requirements to build a knowledge extraction tool that turns natural language input into conceptual graphs. Previous results obtained with semantic analysis of medical terms in the ...
Correndo Gianluca - - 2004
The integration of a computer-based system dealing with clinical guidelines with a medical ontology can provide several advantages, including standardization and knowledge sharing. Furthermore, in order to operate in the clinical practice, guideline systems must also interact with the hospital databases to retrieve patients' data. Unfortunately, currently there seems not ...
Wang Dongwen - - 2004
To re-examine the validity of the medical knowledge that are embedded in the legacy system, we translated a Medical Logic Module (MLM) for hyperkalemia patient screening into the GuideLine Interchange Format (GLIF). We used a set of guiding principles to direct the translation. In addition, we used the GLIF3 Guideline ...
Nardon Fabiane Bizinella - - 2004
This paper describes a method for using Semantic Web technologies for sharing knowledge in healthcare. It combines deductive databases and ontologies, so that it is possible to extract knowledge that has not been explicitly declared within the database. A representation of the UMLS (Unified Medical Language System) Semantic Network and ...
Tao Ying - - 2004
Controlled Medical Terminologies (CMTs) are indispensable tools for present medical information systems and medical informatics researches. Concept-oriented architecture and multiple-hierarchy have been accepted as two of the desiderata of contemporary CMTs. A common problem for informaticians working with class-based methods for terminologies is to find the Most Relevant Common Ancestor ...
Bodenreider Olivier - - 2004
The Unified Medical Language System (http://umlsks.nlm.nih.gov) is a repository of biomedical vocabularies developed by the US National Library of Medicine. The UMLS integrates over 2 million names for some 900,000 concepts from more than 60 families of biomedical vocabularies, as well as 12 million relations among these concepts. Vocabularies integrated ...
DeVries David Todd - - 2004
Medical dictionaries serve to describe and clarify the term set used by medical professionals. In this commentary, we analyze a representative set of skin disease definitions from 2 prominent medical dictionaries, Stedman's Medical Dictionary and Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. We find that there is an apparent lack of stylistic standards ...
Boulos Maged N Kamel - - 2004
HealthCyberMap (http://healthcybermap.semanticweb.org) is a Semantic Web project that aims at mapping selected parts of health information resources in cyberspace in novel semantic ways to improve their retrieval and navigation. This paper describes HealthCyberMap semantic subject search engine methodology and early prototype which attempt to overcome the limitations of conventional free ...
Boegl Karl - - 2004
This paper describes the fuzzy knowledge representation framework of the medical computer consultation system MedFrame/CADIAG-IV as well as the specific knowledge acquisition techniques that have been developed to support the definition of knowledge concepts and inference rules. As in its predecessor system CADIAG-II, fuzzy medical knowledge bases are used to ...
Painter M Ray - - 2004
The practice of urology is changing, not only from a medical and technological standpoint, but also from a business standpoint. New and improved computer technology and enhanced databases have allowed payers, including Medicare, to develop more detailed and complicated rules. These same advancements will allow physicians to streamline their practice, ...
Han Seung-Bin - - 2004
The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is a rich source of knowledge in the biomedical domain. In this paper, we evaluated the coverage of UMLS as compared with Korean medical terms and identified differences in concept representation between two vocabulary sets. We measured the concept coverage by mapping clinical terms ...
Davison Andrew P - - 2004
Citations play an important role in medical and scientific databases by indicating the authoritative source of the data. Manual citation entry is tedious and prone to errors. We describe a method and make available computer scripts which automate the process of citation entry. We use an open citation project PERL ...
Aigner Wolfgang - - 2004
This paper presents an interactive visualization for medical treatment plans that are formulated in the plan representation language Asbru. So far, most attention of the protocol-based care community was focused towards formal guideline representation and authoring partly supported by graphical tools. The intention of this work is to go the ...
Hulse N C NC Department of Medical Informatics, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, - - 2004
As part of an enterprise effort to develop new clinical information systems at Intermountain Health Care, we are developing a Knowledge Authoring Tool that facilitates the development of medical knowledge. At present, users of the application can compose order sets and other clinical knowledge documents based upon XML schemas. The ...
Chiao Yun-Chuang - - 2004
In this paper, we present a method for aligning words based on a statistical model of word distribution similarity. The basis underlying our method is that there is a correlation between the patterns of word co-occurrences in texts of different languages. Using automatically downloaded pages from different medical web sites ...
Kim G R - - 2004
Clinical dermatology cases are presented as images and semi-structured text describing skin lesions and their relationships to disease. Metadata assignment to such cases is hampered by lack of a standardized dermatology vocabulary and facilitated methods for indexing legacy collections. In this pilot study descriptive clinical text from Dermatlas, a Web-based ...
Masseroli M M Dipartimento di Bioingegneria, Politecnico di Milano, Milano, - - 2004
The actual development of distributed information technologies and Java programming enables employing them also in the medical arena to support the retrieval, integration and evaluation of heterogeneous data and multimodal images in a web browser environment. With this aim, we used them to implement a client-server architecture based on software ...
Tran Tuan D - - 2004
Given the ever-increasing scale and diversity of medical literature widely published in English on the Internet, improving the performance of information retrieval by cross-language is an urgent research objective. Cross-language medical information retrieval (CLMIR) consists of providing a query in one language and searching medical document collections in one or ...
Greenes R A - - 2003
Many applications in a clinical information system can benefit from the incorporation of medical knowledge to provide patient-specific, point-of-care decision support. These include computer-based provider order entry, referral, clinical result interpretation, consultation, adverse event monitoring, scheduling, shared patient-doctor decision-making, and generation of alerts and reminders, among others. To be executable, ...
Mork Peter - - 2003
The development of large semantic networks, such as the UMLS, which are intended to support a variety of applications, requires a flexible and efficient query interface for the extraction of information. Using one of the source vocabularies of UMLS as a test bed, we have developed such a prototype query ...
Tony Tse,Dagobert Soergel
This paper describes in detail a methodology for collecting and extracting linguistic forms from documents authored by healthcare consumers. The forms were mapped to concepts and the resulting terms were analyzed. Although the case study uses examples from a "consumer medical vocabulary," the procedures are applicable to investigating non-professional vocabularies ...
Johnsamuel Jayaseharan - - 2003
Computer-aided molecular design (CAMD) of carborane containing compounds is of growing interest for scientists involved in boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) and other pharmaceutical applications. However, the complex organo-metallic structures of carboranes pose difficulties in modeling and docking of these structures. This is the first report of a new strategy ...
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