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Results 201 - 250 of 1004
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Dolin Robert H - - 2006
Clinical Document Architecture, Release One (CDA R1), became an American National Standards Institute (ANSI)-approved HL7 Standard in November 2000, representing the first specification derived from the Health Level 7 (HL7) Reference Information Model (RIM). CDA, Release Two (CDA R2), became an ANSI-approved HL7 Standard in May 2005 and is the ...
Germain C - - 2005
Grids have emerged as a promising technology to handle the data and compute intensive requirements of many application areas. Digital medical image processing is a promising application area for grids. Given the volume of data, the sensitivity of medical information, and the joint complexity of medical datasets and computations expected ...
Guo Jinqiu - - 2005
Medical Markup Language (MML) is a standard for the exchange of medical data among different medical institutions. It was developed in Japan in 1995. Since version 2.21, MML has used eXtensible Markup Language (XML) as a meta-language. The latest version, 3.0, conforms to HL7 Clinical Document Architecture (CDA) and contains ...
Charlet Jean - - 2006
In many medical fields, maintenance, comparison and aggregation of unambiguous terminologies go through formal specialized clinical terminologies: ontologies. We describe a methodology to build medical ontology from textual reports using a natural language processing tool, the SYNTEX software. The methodology is illustrated in the surgical intensive care medical domain. We ...
Henegar Corneliu - - 2006
Automated signal generation in pharmacovigilance implements unsupervised statistical machine learning techniques in order to discover unknown adverse drug reactions (ADR) in spontaneous reporting systems. The impact of the terminology used for coding ADRs has not been addressed previously. The Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) used worldwide in pharmacovigilance cases ...
Pinciroli Francesco - - 2006
Ontology is no longer a mere research topic, but its relevance has been recognized in several practical fields. Current applications areas include natural language translation, e-commerce, geographic information systems, legal information systems and biology and medicine. It is the backbone of solid and effective applications in health care and can ...
Dieng-Kuntz Rose - - 2006
In the context of a health care network, we describe our method for reconstitution of a medical ontology via the translation of a medical database (DB) towards RDF(S) language. Then we show how we extended this ontology among others through natural language processing of a textual corpus. Then, we present ...
Lee Yugyung - - 2006
To build a common controlled vocabulary is a formidable challenge in medical informatics. Due to vast scale and multiplicity in interpretation of medical data, it is natural to face overlapping terminologies in the process of practicing medical informatics [A. Rector, Clinical terminology: why is it so hard? Methods Inf. Med. ...
Lee Yugyung - - 2006
The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) contains two separate but interconnected knowledge structures, the Semantic Network (upper level) and the Metathesaurus (lower level). In this paper, we have attempted to work out better how the use of such a two-level structure in the medical field has led to notable advances ...
De Diego Balaguer R - - 2005
Although the age of acquisition of a language has an effect when learning a second language, the similarity between languages may also have a crucial role. The aim of the present study is to understand the influence of this latter factor in the acquisition of morphosyntactic information. With this purpose, ...
Buck David S - - 2005
Carrying hundreds of patient files in a suitcase makes medical street outreach to the homeless clumsy and difficult. Healthcare for the Homeless--Houston (HHH) began a case study under the assumption that tracking patient information with a personal digital assistant (PDA) would greatly simplify the process. Equipping clinicians with custom-designed software ...
Boissin Florence Gonod - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies deal with the use of computers and the Internet in the health sector. Most of these studies show an increase in the use of the new technologies in searching for medical information-particularly by patients--but these uses remain very heterogeneous and depend on the studies. AIMS: The aim ...
Graham R N J - - 2005
This is the second in a series of short reviews of internet-based radiological educational resources, and will focus on neuroradiology. Most of the sites cater for medical students and trainee or non-specialist radiologists, but may also be of interest to specialists, especially for use in teaching. Hyperlinks are available in ...
Zhang Li - - 2005
The Enriched Semantic Network (ESN) was introduced as an extension of the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) Semantic Network (SN). Its multiple subsumption configuration and concomitant multiple inheritance make the ESN's relationship structures and semantic type assignments different from those of the SN. A technique for deriving the relationship structures ...
Leslie Stephen J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate clinical decision support software (CDSS) to aid physicians treat patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: The CDSS was developed after discussions with a multidisciplinary panel. Evaluation was performed in three stages over a 6 month period including an editorial check, one-to-one interviews with potential ...
Margolin Adam A - - 2005
This synopsis provides an overview of array-based comparative genomic hybridization data display, abstraction and analysis using CGHAnalyzer, a software suite, designed specifically for this purpose. CGHAnalyzer can be used to simultaneously load copy number data from multiple platforms, query and describe large, heterogeneous datasets and export results. Additionally, CGHAnalyzer employs ...
Weng S - - 2005
The paper describes an application of a new, non-linear dimensionality reduction method, named Isomap, for mining the structural knowledge from high-dimensional medical data. The algorithm was evaluated on two publicly available medical datasets: the pathological dataset of breast cancer (241 malignant samples) and the gene expression dataset from the lung ...
Brown Robert A - - 2005
The recently developed S-transform (ST) combines features of the Fourier and Wavelet transforms; it reveals frequency variation over both space and time. It is a potentially powerful tool that can be applied to medical image processing including texture analysis and noise filtering. However, calculation of the ST is computationally intensive, ...
Boaz David - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The specification and creation of a distributed system that integrates medical knowledge bases with time-oriented clinical databases; the goal is to answer complex temporal queries regarding both raw data and its abstractions, such as are often required in medical applications. METHODS: (1) Specification, design, and implementation of a generalized ...
Freeman Daniel - - 2005
A cognitive model of persecutory delusions is used to predict the occurrence of nonclinical paranoid thoughts in a virtual reality environment. Scorers across the range of paranoia entered a virtual reality scene populated by five computer characters programmed to behave neutrally (N = 30). Many appraisals of the computer characters ...
Hulse Nathan C - - 2005
As part of an enterprise effort to develop new clinical information systems at Intermountain Health Care, the authors have built a knowledge authoring tool that facilitates the development and refinement of medical knowledge content. At present, users of the application can compose order sets and an assortment of other structured ...
Dobrokhotov Pavel B - - 2005
Bio-medical knowledge bases are valuable resources for the research community. Original scientific publications are the main source used to annotate them. Medical annotation in Swiss-Prot is specifically targeted at finding and extracting data about human genetic diseases and polymorphisms. Curators have to scan through hundreds of publications to select the ...
Déjean H - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We present in this article experiments on multi-language information extraction and access in the medical domain. For such applications, multilingual terminology plays a crucial role when working on specialized languages and specific domains. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We propose firstly a method for enriching multilingual thesauri which extracts new terms ...
Han Seung-Bin - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) is a rich source of knowledge in the biomedical domain. The UMLS is used for research and development across wide range of different applications. In this paper, we evaluated the coverage of UMLS as compared with medical terms extracted ...
Aubineau-Lanièce I - - 2005
The paper presents the OEDIPE (French acronym that stands for tool for personalised internal dose assessment) and SESAME (for simulation of external source accident with medical images) computational tools, dedicated to internal and external dose assessment, respectively, and currently being developed at the Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety. ...
Rindflesch Thomas C - - 2005
We report on the use of medical facts to support the enhancement of natural language processing of biomedical text. Inferencing in semantic interpretation depends on a fact repository as well as an ontology. We used statistical methods to construct a repository of drug-disorder co-occurrences from a large collection of clinical ...
Wooldridge Jean A - - 2005
The term 'digital literacy' is taking on a broader definition and greater urgency, as ubiquitous computing becomes a reality, and individuals and communities find their bodies and actions creating an exuberant wellspring of rich, complex data. These biological and sociological data can be ignored, used alone or shared with others ...
Baneyx Audrey - - 2005
Pathologies and acts are classified in thesauri to help physicians to code their activity. In practice, the use of thesauri is not sufficient to reduce variability in coding and thesauri do not fit computer processing. We think the automation of the coding task requires a conceptual modelling of medical items: ...
Hira Adilson Yuuji - - 2005
A telemedicine network has been established in Brazil to support distance medical practice in paediatric oncology. ONCONET comprises a national network of universities, research institutes and medical institutions. The system is Web-based and hosted on a high-performance computing infrastructure based on clusters of computers. It is based on open-source software, ...
Verspoor Karin - - 2005
This paper explores the use of the resources in the National Library of Medicine's Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) for the construction of a lexicon useful for processing texts in the field of molecular biology. A lexicon is constructed from overlapping terms in the UMLS SPECIALIST lexicon and the UMLS ...
Daumke Philipp - - 2005
Medical document retrieval presents a unique combination of challenges for the design and implementation of retrieval engines. We introduce a method to meet these challenges by implementing a multilingual retrieval interface for biomedical content in the World Wide Web. To this end we developed an automated method for interlingual query ...
Nenonen Sari - - 2005
The mismatch negativity (MMN) component of the auditory event-related potential was used to determine the effect of native language, Russian, on the processing of speech-sound duration in a second language, Finnish, that uses duration as a cue for phonological distinction. The native-language effect was compared with Finnish vowels that either ...
Lu Xudong - - 2005
The extensible markup language (XML) is gaining attention in medicine because of its flexibility. Since most XML documents convey information only on content, it has been difficult for medical applications to present and edit them in the precise format, as required in many clinical circumstances. This article offers a design ...
Altmann Udo - - 2005
A wiki is a technique for collaborative development of documents on the web. The Wikipedia is a comprehensive free online encyclopaedia based on this technique which has gained increasing popularity and quality. This paper's work explored the representation of Medical Informatics in the Wikipedia by a search of specific and ...
Yetisgen-Yildiz Meliha - - 2005
This work explores the effect of text representation techniques on the overall performance of medical text classification. To accomplish this goal, we developed a text classification system that supports the very basic word representation (bag-of-words) and the more complex medical phrase representation (bag-of-phrases). We also combined word and phrase representations ...
Blaser R - - 2005
To deliver patient-specific advice at the time and place of a consultation, to improve clinician performance and compliance by using computer-based decision support, and to integrate such IT solutions with the clinical workflow are important strategies for the implementation of clinical pathways. User acceptance plays a critical role: additional effort ...
Lin H Jill - - 2005
In this work, we describe a novel symbolic representation of shapes for quantifying skull abnormalities in children with craniosynostosis. We show the efficacy of our work by demonstrating an application of this representation in shape-based retrieval of skull morphologies. This tool will enable correlation with potential pathogenesis and prognosis in ...
Lamy Jean-Baptiste - - 2005
Medical knowledge is growing both in quantity and complexity. Although sources of medical knowledge have been digitalized, the way the knowledge they contain is presented to users has not changed and is still highly text-based. However, it has been shown that this information could be presented more efficiently using graphical ...
Marwede Dirk - - 2005
Medical ontologies like GALEN, the FMA or SNOMED represent a kind of "100% certain" medical knowledge which is not inherent to all medical sub-domains. Clinical radiology uses computerized imaging techniques to make the human body visible and interprets the imaging findings in a clinical context delivering a textual report. For ...
Mark? K - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: We propose an interlingua-based indexing approach to account for the particular challenges that arise in the design and implementation of cross-language document retrieval systems for the medical domain. METHODS: Documents, as well as queries, are mapped to a language-independent conceptual layer on which retrieval operations are performed. We contrast ...
Starlander Marianne - - 2005
In this paper, we describe and evaluate an Open Source medical speech translation system (MedSLT) intended for safety-critical applications. The aim of this system is to eliminate the language barriers in emergency situation. It translates spoken questions from English into French, Japanese and Finnish in three medical subdomains (headache, chest ...
Markó Kornél - - 2005
We present a method for the automated acquisition of a multilingual medical lexicon (for Spanish and Swedish) to be used within the framework of a medical cross-language text retrieval system. We incorporate seed lexicons and parallel corpora derived from the UMLS Metathesaurus. The seed lexicons for Spanish and Swedish are ...
Nakashima Tomoharu - - 2005
Medical diagnosis can be viewed as a pattern classification problem: based a set of input features the goal is to classify a patient as having a particular disorder or as not having it. Performance of medical diagnosis is typically assessed in terms of sensitivity and specificity. In this paper we ...
Denny Joshua C - - 2005
Electrocardiogram (ECG) impressions represent a wealth of medical information for potential decision support and drug-effect discovery. Much of this information is inaccessible to automated methods in the free-text portion of the ECG report. We studied the application of the KnowledgeMap concept identifier (KMCI) to map Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) ...
Chouvarda I - - 2005
Current advances in biosensor technology allow multiple miniaturized or textile sensors to record continuously biosignals, such as blood pressure or heart rate, and transmit the information of interest to clinical sites. New applications are emerging, based on such systems, towards pervasive healthcare. This paper describes an architecture enabling biosensors, forming ...
Devi M Syamala - - 2005
The objective of this paper is to present a model that uses multi-agent system (MAS) technology to assist doctors based at rural areas to receive timely expert opinions from specialist doctors working in medical institutions like the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Research, Chandigarh or the All India Institute of Medical ...
Hoffman M - - 2005
Existing medical vocabularies lack rich terms to describe findings that are generated by modem molecular diagnostic procedures. Most bioinformatics resources were designed primarily to support the needs of the research community. We describe the development of a curated resource, the Clinical Bioinformatics Ontology (CBO), a semantic network appropriate for describing ...
Delbecque Thierry - - 2005
Open-domain Question-Answering (QA) systems heavily rely on named entities, a set of general-purpose semantic types which generally cover names of persons, organizations and locations, dates and amounts, etc. If we are to build medical QA systems, a set of medically relevant named entities must be used. In this paper, we ...
Ying Hu - - 2005
In orders to improve the rendering speed of ray casting and make this technique a practical routine in medical applications, two new and improved techniques are described in this paper. First, an integrated method using "proximity clouds" technique is applied to speed up ray casting. The second technique for speeding ...
Gouaillard Alexandre - - 2005
Topological control over discrete isosurface is of primordial interest in medical applications, especially discrete model building for active contours. Previous attempts showed that the key point in acurately modifying topology was computation of shortest cycles on the surface of interest. This paper generalizes the shortest path algorithm to compute shortest ...
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