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Kozelek Petr P Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Dept. of Biomedical Informatics, Czech Technical University, Prague, nam. Sitna 3105, 272 01 Kladno, Czech Republic. - - 2007
BioDat is a software tool that simplifies routine recording, storing and analyzing technical and biological 1D signals. The basic features of the BioDat software are: database format based on PhysioNet, a shared database of signals running in network environment accessible for users with permissions, importing and/or exporting data from and/or ...
García-Remesal Miguel M Biomedical Informatics Group, School of Computer Science, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Campus de Montegancedo S/N, 28660 Boadilla del Monte, Madrid, Spain. - - 2007
In this paper, we present a computerized approach to detect inconsistencies in medical knowledge bases. The method has been applied to a set of medical appropriateness criteria developed for the review of coronary artery disease management. One of the main problems associated to medical appropriateness criteria is to detect logical ...
Koutelakis George V GV Electrical & Computer Engineering Department, University of Patras, GR 265 04 Panepistimioupoli - Rion, Greece. - - 2007
The large growth of medical information and the needs for computing resources for processing of medical images in medical diagnosis procedures demand advanced network solutions in Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS). Grid infrastructure is a new network generation that expands the collaborative environment which is created inside Internet. Grid ...
Closset Etienne - - 2006
The 1-3 piezocomposite transducers used in specific medical applications--as lithotripsy--must be excited by intense electrical impulses. By inference, the composite material is subjected to high-stress levels. To explain possible failure, a numerical tool for analyzing singular two- and three-dimensional stress fields in piezocomposite structures is proposed. Following a finite-element iterative ...
Potomkova Jarmila - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this review was to summarise the experience on implementation of information technology to support the teaching and learning process in medicine. Particular attention was paid to web-based tutorials, their impact on increasing the effectiveness of medical instruction and motivation of students towards self-directed learning. Most of ...
Landau Dan-Avi - - 2007
Medicine is undergoing profound change, but the basic format of the medical encounter has remained unchanged. Nevertheless, medicine in the 22nd century may be fully computerized, and a possible model is shortly depicted in this paper. Computer applications are constantly increasing their share in medical diagnosis, and may ultimately replace ...
Terenziani Paolo - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In this paper, we aim at defining a general-purpose data model and query language coping with both "telic" and "atelic" medical data. BACKGROUND: In the area of Medical Informatics, there is an increasing realization that temporal information plays a crucial role, so that suitable database models and query languages ...
Serban Radu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The quality of knowledge updates in evidence-based medical guidelines can be improved and the effort spent for updating can be reduced if the knowledge underlying the guideline text is explicitly modelled using the so-called linguistic guideline patterns, mappings between a text fragment and a formal representation of its corresponding ...
Seising Rudolf - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This article delineates a relatively unknown path in the history of medical philosophy and medical diagnosis. It is concerned with the phenomenon of vagueness in the physician's "style of thinking" and with the use of fuzzy sets, systems, and relations with a view to create a model of such ...
Wiseman Nigel - - 2006
This paper strongly rejects the notion that the use of biomedical terms to represent traditional Chinese medical concepts is helpful to the internationalization of Chinese medicine. It further argues that this practice destroys the integrity and independence of Chinese medical concepts. Taking the term fēng huo yan as an example, ...
Culicover Peter W - - 2006
What roles do syntax and semantics have in the grammar of a language? What are the consequences of these roles for syntactic structure, and why does it matter? We sketch the Simpler Syntax Hypothesis, which holds that much of the explanatory role attributed to syntax in contemporary linguistics is properly ...
Markó Kornél - - 2007
PURPOSE: We present a method for the automated acquisition of a multilingual medical lexicon (for Spanish, French and Swedish) to be used within the framework of a medical cross-language text retrieval system. METHODS: For the lexical acquisition process, we incorporate seed lexicons and lists of trusted term translations derived from ...
Choi Jeeyae - - 2006
Medical logic modules are a procedural representation for sharing task-specific knowledge for decision support systems. Based on the premise that clinicians may perceive object-oriented expressions as easier to read than procedural rules in Arden Syntax-based medical logic modules, we developed a method for improving the readability of medical logic modules. ...
Hirschkorn Kristine A - - 2006
In this paper I present a model of professional knowledge forms that accounts for the different, and sometimes contradictory, ways in which medical doctors (MDs) and various complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners define their competencies and make legitimacy claims. The first section provides a schema for problematising knowledge and ...
Segal Michael M - - 2006
Medical computing has been split between palm-sized computers optimized for mobility and desktop computers optimized for capability. This split was due to technology too immature to deliver both mobility and capability in the same computer and the lack of medical software that demanded both mobility and capability. Advances in hardware ...
Baneyx Audrey - - 2007
Pathologies and acts are classified in thesauri to help physicians to code their activity. In practice, the use of thesauri is not sufficient to reduce variability in coding and thesauri are not suitable for computer processing. We think the automation of the coding task requires a conceptual modeling of medical ...
Pedersen Ted - - 2007
Measures of semantic similarity between concepts are widely used in Natural Language Processing. In this article, we show how six existing domain-independent measures can be adapted to the biomedical domain. These measures were originally based on WordNet, an English lexical database of concepts and relations. In this research, we adapt ...
Wills Sebastian A - - 2006
DASHER is a human-computer interface for entering text using continuous or discrete gestures. Through its use of an internal language model, DASHER efficiently converts bits received from the user into text, and has been shown to be a competitive alternative to existing text-entry methods in situations where an ordinary keyboard ...
Gutta Pradeep - - 2006
In this article, we describe studies, using quantum chemical computations, on possible polycyclization pathways of the farnesyl cation leading to the complex sesquiterpene pentalenene. Two distinct pathways to pentalenene with similar activation barriers are described, each differing from previous mechanistic proposals, and each involving unusual and unexpected intermediates. Direct deprotonation ...
Esterre Philippe - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Significant advances in knowledge of chromoblastomycosis and its etiologic agents have been made in the past 5 years. New explanations and approaches that could resolve persisting medical challenges for this orphan disease are reviewed here. RECENT FINDINGS: In recent years advances have been made regarding the taxonomy ...
Li Quanzhi - - 2006
Automated medical concept recognition is important for medical informatics such as medical document retrieval and text mining research. In this paper, we present a software tool called keyphrase identification program (KIP) for identifying topical concepts from medical documents. KIP combines two functions: noun phrase extraction and keyphrase identification. The former ...
Hornick Thomas R - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Optimal management of medication regimens remains a challenge for elderly patients and their providers. Tools that aid communication and adherence can be valuable but often do not meet expectations. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to describe the development and preliminary evaluation of a computer-based medication management tool, ...
- - 2006
Decentralized medication management systems (DMMSs) are used in hospitals, long-term care facilities, prisons, outpatient clinics, surgery centers, and other places to manage the distribution of drugs. DMMSs consist of storage compartments for medications, with an internal computer that controls and records the administration of drugs. Some DMMSs are stationary cabinets ...
Oweis Rami - - 2006
Jordan lacks companies that provide local medical facilities with products that are of help in daily performed medical procedures. Because of this, the country imports most of these expensive products. Consequently, a local interest in producing such products has emerged and resulted in serious research efforts in this area. The ...
Beveridge Martin - - 2006
This paper presents some research undertaken as part of the EU-funded HOMEY project, into the application of intelligent dialogue systems to healthcare systems. The work presented here concentrates on the ways in which knowledge of underlying task structure (e.g., a medical guideline) can be combined with ontological knowledge (e.g., medical ...
McLeod P J - - 2006
AIM: This study was designed to assess medical school teachers' tacit knowledge of basic pedagogic principles and to explore the specific character of the knowledge base. METHODS: We developed a 50-item, multiple-choice question test based on important pedagogic principles, and classified all questions as requiring either declarative or procedural knowledge. ...
de Toro Francisco - - 2006
This paper addresses the optimization of noninvasive diagnostic schemes using evolutionary algorithms in medical applications based on the interpretation of biosignals. A general diagnostic methodology using a set of definable characteristics extracted from the biosignal source followed by the specific diagnostic scheme is presented. In this framework, multiobjective evolutionary algorithms ...
Gront Dominik - - 2006
BioShell is a suite of programs performing common tasks accompanying protein structure modeling. BioShell design is based on UNIX shell flexibility and should be used as its extension. Using BioShell various molecular modeling procedures can be integrated in a single pipeline. BioShell package can be downloaded from its website http://biocomp.chem.uw.edu.pl/BioShell ...
Deleger Louise - - 2006
Medical terminologies such as those in the UMLS are never exhaustive and there is a constant need to enrich them, especially in terms of multilinguality. We present a methodology to acquire new French translations of English medical terms based on word alignment in a parallel corpus - i.e. pairing of ...
Harrison Andrew - - 2006
In this paper we describe a distributed architecture that could be used to link emergency medical centres, hospitals, telephone operators, and ambulances into a hybrid Peer-to-Peer (P2P) and Grid system for the sharing of information and transport of data. Distributed computing techniques can be used to connect static and mobile ...
Chazard Emmanuel - - 2006
Confronted with the inadequacy of traditional charts, we tested the contribution of Treemaps to the representation of medical data. Treemap charts allow description of large hierarchical collections of quantitative data, on a synthetic way. Treemaps were implemented using PHP5, and were tested in the field of DRG-mining and other medical ...
Kimura Eizen - - 2006
The union of the diagnosis and treatment document and the accompanied inspection data is indispensable for the success of community health cooperation. Especially in the perinatal medicine we require the standardization of diagnosis document and the fetal cardiotocograph data. For diagnosis document, HL7CDA will be the leading solution, but for ...
Graschew Georgi - - 2006
The development of virtual hospitals and digital medicine helps to bridge the digital divide between different regions of the world and enables equal access to high-level medical care. Pre-operative planning, intra-operative navigation and minimally-invasive surgery require a digital and virtual environment supporting the perception of the physician. As data and ...
Zhou Li - - 2006
We propose a method and a prototype system for discovering implicit temporal assertions in medical text and dealing with issues including temporal information resolution, temporal granularity, vagueness and uncertainty, by applying discourse analysis as well as semantic and syntactic analysis, and by generating heuristic rules which encode the discovered domain ...
Nyström Mikael - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This paper reports on a parallel collection of rubrics from the medical terminology systems ICD-10, ICF, MeSH, NCSP and KSH97-P and its use for semi-automatic creation of an English-Swedish dictionary of medical terminology. The methods presented are relevant for many other West European language pairs than English-Swedish. METHODS: The ...
Bouchard Stéphane - - 2006
Buying or creating a virtual reality (VR) software is very costly. A less expensive alternative could be to modify already existing 3D computer games. The goal of this study is to assess the effectiveness of in virtuo exposure in the treatment of arachnophobia using modified 3D games. Participants were 10 ...
Embi Peter J - - 2006
Available technology allows for the capture and rebroadcast of lectures via computer-based tools. Such tools have the potential to enhance medical education. Medical schools are beginning to offer such services, but little is known about end-user preferences. We surveyed students at one US medical school to gather their preferences for ...
Lu Wen-Hsiang - - 2006
A number of authoritative medical websites, such as PubMed and MedlinePlus, provide consumers with the most up-to-date health information. However, non-English speakers often encounter not only language barriers (from other languages to English) but also terminology barriers (from laypersons inverted exclamation mark| terms to professional medical terms) when retrieving information ...
Lapshin Oleg - - 2006
We designed our pilot study to investigate the effectiveness of computer-assisted anti-stigma interventions among medical students. Convenience sample of 51 consecutive students was evaluated before and after using the Anti-Stigma CO-ED system. After studying the computer program the level of stigma in the group significantly decreased (p<0.02). We concluded that ...
Makedon Fillia - - 2006
Computational analysis tools and decision support systems have increased their penetration in the support of clinical processes and management of medical data and knowledge. Applications range from adjunct tools for diagnosis and disease investigation to the treatment and monitoring of therapeutic procedures. As all medical fields, the field of oncology ...
Francis Gregory - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We explore how to optimally design systems for information input. BACKGROUND: As computers are introduced into ever more devices with new methods of inputting information, there is a need for specialized systems that are optimally designed for their particular use. METHOD: The study demonstrates how to use a model ...
Panourgias Evangelia - - 2006
This report deals with the discussion of the findings obtained from the application of two computational intelligence methodologies for the detection of microcalcifications in screening mammography data. Genetic programming and inductive machine learning have been applied, in order to produce meaningful diagnostic rules for the medical staff. The data used ...
Iavindrasana Jimison - - 2006
Computation of semantic distance between adverse drug reactions terms may be an efficient way to group related medical conditions in pharmacovigilance case reports. Previous experience with ICD-10 on a semantic distance tool highlighted a bottleneck related to manual description of formal definitions in large terminologies. We propose a method based ...
Baneyx Audrey - - 2006
In the medical field, it is now established that the maintenance of unambiguous thesauri goes through ontologies. Our research task is to help pneumologists code acts and diagnoses with a software that represents medical knowledge through a domain ontology. In this paper, we describe our general methodology aimed at knowledge ...
Borlawsky Tara - - 2006
With an increase in the prevalence of patients having multiple medical conditions, along with the increasing number of medical information sources, an intelligent approach is required to integrate the answers to physicians' patient-related questions into clinical practice in the shortest, most specific way possible. Cochrane Scientific Reviews are currently considered ...
Nishimoto Naoki - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution of the semantic relationships between the two atomic medical terms of the noun-noun compounds extracted from the clinical documents in Japanese. Only 29.9% of the compounds had the UMLS semantic relation defined (mainly including "location_of" and "adjacent_to"). The results indicated ...
Leroy Gondy - - 2006
Millions of people search online for medical text, but these texts are often too complicated to understand. Readability evaluations are mostly based on surface metrics such as character or words counts and sentence syntax, but content is ignored. We compared four types of documents, easy and difficult WebMD documents, patient ...
Marko Kornél - - 2006
We present results of the collaboration of a multinational team of researchers from (computational) linguistics, medicine, and medical informatics with the goal of building a multilingual medical lexicon with high coverage and complete morpho-syntactic information. Monolingual lexical resources were collected and subsequently mapped between languages using a morpho-semantic term normalization ...
Darmoni Stefan J - - 2006
Categorization is designed to enhance resource description by organizing content description so as to enable the reader to grasp quickly and easily what are the main topics discussed in it. The objective of this work is to propose a categorization algorithm to classify a set of scientific articles indexed with ...
Podgorelec Vili - - 2005
In this paper we study an evolutionary machine learning approach to data mining and knowledge discovery based on the induction of classification rules. A method for automatic rules induction called AREX using evolutionary induction of decision trees and automatic programming is introduced. The proposed algorithm is applied to a cardiovascular ...
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