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Angel y Espinós Jesús - - 2010
Eighteenth century Spain witnessed a revaluation of the Hippocratic works as a result of the growing criticism of the Galenism dominant in the Spanish University of the time. Probably the most important author in this reformist trend was Andrès Piquer y Arrufat (1711-1772), eclectic philosopher, university professor and doctor to ...
Ben Belgacem Mohamed - - 2010
Many medical applications utilise distributed/parallel computing in order to cope with demands of large data or computing power requirements. In this paper, we present a new version of the XtremWeb-CH (XWCH) platform, and demonstrate two medical applications that run on XWCH. The platform is versatile in a way that it ...
Painter Jeffery L - - 2010
Most modern biomedical vocabularies employ some hierarchical representation that provides a "broader/narrower" meaning relationship among the "codes" or "concepts" found within them. Often, however, we may find within the clinical setting the creation and curation of unstructured custom vocabularies used in the everyday practice of classifying and categorizing clinical data ...
Crain Steven P - - 2010
Access to health information by consumers is hampered by a fundamental language gap. Current attempts to close the gap leverage consumer oriented health information, which does not, however, have good coverage of slang medical terminology. In this paper, we present a Bayesian model to automatically align documents with different dialects ...
Luneski A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Affective computing (AC) is concerned with emotional interactions performed with and through computers. It is defined as "computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotions". AC enables investigation and understanding of the relation between human emotions and health as well as application of assistive and useful technologies ...
Yetisgen-Yildiz Meliha - - 2010
Amazon's Mechanical Turk (AMT) service is becoming increasingly popular in Natural Language Processing (NLP) research. In this poster, we report our findings in using AMT to annotate biomedical text extracted from clinical trial descriptions with three entity types: medical condition, medication, and laboratory test. We also describe our observations on ...
De Vlieger Paul - - 2010
Grid technologies have proven their capabilities to settle challenging problems of medical data access. The grid ability to access distributed databases in a secure and reliable way while preserving data ownership opened new perspectives in medical data sharing and disease surveillance. This paper focuses on the implementation challenges of grid-powered ...
Krakamp Bernd - - 2010
The reprocessing of medical endoscopes is carried out using automatic cleaning and disinfection machines. The documentation and archiving of records of properly conducted reprocessing procedures is the last and increasingly important part of the reprocessing cycle for flexible endoscopes. This report describes a new computer program designed to monitor and ...
Nadkarni Prakash M - - 2010
The Systematic Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) is being advocated as the foundation for encoding clinical documentation. While the electronic medical record is likely to play a critical role in pharmacovigilance - the detection of adverse events due to medications - classification and reporting of Adverse Events is ...
Ribeiro Anna G D AG Laboratory of Automation in Petroleum (LAUT) of Automation and Computation Department, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN, CEP 59072-970, Brazil. - - 2010
The quick progress in technology has brought new paradigms to the computing area, bringing with them many benefits to society. The paradigm of ubiquitous computing brings innovations applying computing in people's daily life without being noticed. For this, it has used the combination of several existing technologies like wireless communications ...
Ruiz Jorge G - - 2009
CONTEXT: Animations can depict dynamic changes over time and location, and illustrate phenomena and concepts that might otherwise be difficult to visualise. However, animations may not always be effective and educators who use animations must understand the principles that govern their use. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to illustrate potential applications ...
Diamandopoulos Athanasios - - 2009
In this article, we discuss the nephrologic content within Hippocrates' Aphorisms. Although similar attempts have taken place ever since antiquity, we believe that in each era new insights may be gained by examining the aphorisms through the prism of current medical knowledge. Of the 400 aphorisms in the Hippocratic text, ...
Prior Fred - - 2009
Although the volume of medical information is growing rapidly, the ability to rapidly convert this data into "actionable insights" and new medical knowledge is lagging far behind. The first step in the knowledge discovery process is data management and integration, which logically can be accomplished through the application of data ...
Childs Lois C - - 2009
The Obesity Challenge, sponsored by Informatics for Integrating Biology and the Bedside (i2b2), a National Center for Biomedical Computing, asked participants to build software systems that could "read" a patient's clinical discharge summary and replicate the judgments of physicians in evaluating presence or absence of obesity and 15 comorbidities. The ...
Deléger Louise - - 2009
Developing international multilingual terminologies is a time-consuming process. We present a methodology which aims to ease this process by automatically acquiring new translations of medical terms based on word alignment in parallel text corpora, and test it on English and French. After collecting a parallel, English-French corpus, we detected French ...
Denny Joshua C - - 2009
Graduate medical students must demonstrate competency in clinical skills. Current tracking methods rely either on manual efforts or on simple electronic entry to record clinical experience. We evaluated automated methods to locate 10 institution-defined core clinical problems from three medical students' clinical notes (n=290). Each note was processed with section ...
Serban R - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: As in software product lifecycle, the effort spent in maintaining medical knowledge in guidelines can be reduced, if modularization, formalization and tracking of domain knowledge are employed across the guideline development phases. METHODS: We propose to exploit and combine knowledge templates with medical background knowledge from existing thesauri in ...
Goffman Thomas E - - 2009
The author presents current thinking on the effects of an atomic bomb blast from a medical point of view and will argue that current US Federal plans for a nuclear disaster are simply crude, insufficient, disarticulated, and principally relies on martial law as a means of crowd control. The simple ...
Beuscart-Z??phir Marie-Catherine - - 2009
This paper addresses the question of the integration of Human Factors (HF) methods and models within projects aiming at (semi-) automatically identifying and preventing Adverse Drug Events (ADE). While more traditional methods such as voluntary reporting systems of medication errors tend to focus on HF causes of preventable ADEs, computer-based ...
Huang Jimmy - - 2009
A text-analytic tool has been developed that accepts clinical medical data as input in order to produce patient details. The integrated tool has the following four characteristics. 1) It has a graphical user interface. 2) It has a free-text search tool that is designed to retrieve records using keywords such ...
Zaragozá Irene - - 2009
In the last few years the use of medical and biomedical ontologies has increased considerably. It is very common to find applications and semantic webs using this kind of ontologies and a large number of papers have been written explaining why ontologies are useful in these fields. In this paper ...
Ravdin Jonathan I - - 2009
Just as history has recorded the impact the Industrial Revolution had on every facet of society, so will it note that the Biotechnology Revolution has created changes throughout the field of medicine. Every mission of The Medical College of Wisconsin has been impacted. Incorporated in our medical and graduate education ...
Beuscart R??gis - - 2009
The European project Patient Safety through Intelligent Procedures in medication (PSIP) aims at preventing medical errors. The objective are: (1) to facilitate the systematic production of epidemiological knowledge on Adverse Drug Events (ADE) and (2) to improve the entire medication cycle in a hospital environment. The first sub-objective is to ...
Xu Rong - - 2009
Definitions of medical concepts (e.g diseases, drugs) are essential background knowledge for researchers, clinicians and health care consumers. However, the rapid growth of biomedical research requires that such knowledge continually needs updating. To address this problem, we have developed an unsupervised pattern learning approach that extracts disease and drug definitions ...
Karchin Rachel - - 2009
Computational biology has the opportunity to play an important role in the identification of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) discovered in large-scale genotyping studies, ultimately yielding new drug targets and biomarkers. The medical genetics and molecular biology communities are increasingly turning to computational biology methods to prioritize interesting SNPs found ...
Martíínez I I Communications Technologies Group (GTC), Aragon Institute for Engineering Research (I3A), University of Zaragoza (UZ), c/ María de Luna, 3, 50018 Zaragoza, - - 2009
Interoperability among medical devices and compute engines in the personal environment of the patient, and with healthcare information systems in the remote monitoring and management process is a key need that requires developments supported on standard-based design. Even though there have been some international initiatives to combine different standards, the ...
Fragopoulos Anastasios - - 2009
Nowadays in modern and ubiquitous computing environments, it is imperative more than ever the necessity for deployment of pervasive healthcare architectures into which the patient is the central point surrounded by different types of embedded and small computing devices, which measure sensitive physical indications, interacting with hospitals databases, allowing thus ...
Mousses S - - 2008
Genomic profiling is beginning to extend beyond the many applications in discovery research toward direct medical applications that hold the promise of more precise and individualized health-care delivery. There are many barriers and challenges that still need to be overcome before 'Precision Medical Genomics' can deliver the promise of more ...
Thomas Peter - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy is an information intensive profession and a pharmacist has to be proficient in health care information management. The advance in information technology and the use of computers to access, retrieve and analyse this information is increasingly important. Yet little is known about pharmacists' computer literacy or information technology ...
Anastassiades C P - - 2008
"Colonoscopy" and "colonography" refer to the endoscopic and radiological examination of the colon respectively. Medical terminology constructs words using original roots from the source languages, which are often Greek or Latin. The word root is the fundamental portion of the term. Multiplication of modern tests and procedures has led to ...
Koehring Andrew - - 2008
The visualization of medical images obtained from scanning techniques such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging is a well-researched field. However, advanced tools and methods to manipulate these data for surgical planning and other tasks have not seen widespread use among medical professionals. Radiologists have begun using more advanced ...
Reisner Andrew T - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prehospital severity scores can be used in routine prehospital care, mass casualty care, and military triage. If computers could reliably calculate clinical scores, new clinical and research methodologies would be possible. One obstacle is that vital signs measured automatically can be unreliable. We hypothesized that Signal Quality Indices (SQI's), ...
Mohammed Sule L - - 2009
The speed and high potential impact of avian influenza's (AI) on local bird populations, poultry economies and human health make timely and coordinated characterization, assessment and response to possible threats essential. To collaborate effectively, stakeholders (public health, medical, veterinary, and agricultural professionals) must be able to communicate and record findings, ...
Deléger Louise - - 2009
PURPOSE: Medical language, as many technical languages, is rich with morphologically complex words, many of which take their roots in Greek and Latin--in which case they are called neoclassical compounds. Morphosemantic analysis can help generate definitions of such words. The similarity of structure of those compounds in several European languages ...
Tsuruoka Yoshimasa - - 2008
FACTA is a text search engine for MEDLINE abstracts, which is designed particularly to help users browse biomedical concepts (e.g. genes/proteins, diseases, enzymes and chemical compounds) appearing in the documents retrieved by the query. The concepts are presented to the user in a tabular format and ranked based on the ...
Bortel Radoslav - - 2008
This note discusses the effects of the electrode position scaling on the realistic Laplacian (RL) computation. It is shown that when the RL is estimated with the help of Tikhonov regularization and the generalized cross-validation (GCV) criterion, improper electrode position scaling may influence the GCV criterion, which results in the ...
Grimes David A - - 2008
The obsolete calculators known as nomograms have become epidemic in recent medical literature. The frequency of articles in PubMed retrieved with this search term nearly doubled between 1990 to 1999 and 2000 to 2007. Popular in medicine from about 1925 to 1975, a nomogram is a crude graphical means for ...
Zheng Fang F Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, 725 Rose Street, Lexington, Kentucky 40536, - - 2008
Cocaine is recognized as the most reinforcing of all drugs of abuse. There is no anticocaine medication available. The disastrous medical and social consequences of cocaine addiction have made the development of an anticocaine medication a high priority. It has been recognized that an ideal anticocaine medication is one that ...
Holland R C G - - 2008
BioJava is a mature open-source project that provides a framework for processing of biological data. BioJava contains powerful analysis and statistical routines, tools for parsing common file formats and packages for manipulating sequences and 3D structures. It enables rapid bioinformatics application development in the Java programming language. BioJava is an ...
Dang Jiangbo - - 2008
As emerging technologies, semantic Web and SOA (Service-Oriented Architecture) allow BPMS (Business Process Management System) to automate business processes that can be described as services, which in turn can be used to wrap existing enterprise applications. BPMS provides tools and methodologies to compose Web services that can be executed as ...
Poller L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased demand for oral anticoagulants is overwhelming facilities worldwide, resulting in increasing use of computer assistance. A multicenter clinical endpoint study has been performed to compare the safety and effectiveness of computer-assisted dosage with dosage by experienced medical staff at the same centers. METHODS: A randomized study of dosage ...
Altman Russ Biagio - - 2008
Russ Biagio Altman is a professor of bioengineering, genetics, and medicine (and of computer science by courtesy) and chairman of the Bioengineering Department at Stanford University, CA, USA. His primary research interests are in the application of computing technology to basic molecular biological problems of relevance to medicine. He is ...
Dollarhide Adrian W - - 2008
To determine the feasibility of capturing self-reported medication events using a handheld computer-based Medication Event Reporting Tool (MERT). Handheld computers operating the MERT software application were deployed among volunteer physician (n = 185) and nurse (n = 119) participants on the medical wards of four university-affiliated teaching hospitals. Participants were ...
Kooper Rob - - 2008
We address the problem of 3D medical volume reconstruction using web services. The use of proposed web services is motivated by the fact that the problem of 3D medical volume reconstruction requires significant computer resources and human expertise in medical and computer science areas. Web services are implemented as an ...
Ogunyade, T O; ;
It is no gain saying that application of computers in medicine have contributed enormously in the delivery of high quality health care. This to a large extent is fully integrated into the education and healthcare system in developed countries but is yet to be fully utilized in developing countries. Therefore, ...
Bertaud Valérie - - 2008
PURPOSE: Collecting and analyzing findings constitute the basis of medical activity. Computer assisted medical activity raises the problem of modelling findings. We propose a unified representation of findings integrating the representations of findings in the GAMUTS in Radiology [M.M. Reeder, B. Felson, GAMUTS in radiology Comprehensive lists of roentgen differential ...
Buchtela David - - 2008
The aim of this article is to present a design of a Medical Knowledge Representation System (MEKRES). The system automatically offers relevant formalized knowledge by extended GLIF (Guidelines Interchange Format) models to participants (patient, physician, operator, ..) on the basis of acquired data. This selection algorithm is based on key ...
Wiese Dawn - - 2008
Tablet Personal Computers (PCs) have a huge potential in medical education due to their interactive human- computer interface and the need for anatomical diagrams, annotations, biochemistry flow charts etc. We conducted an online survey of medical students to determine their pattern of usage of the tablet features. The results revealed ...
Eapen Bell Raj - - 2008
A specialty specific ontology for dermatology can be a very useful tool for conveying an accurate meaning to collaborative guideline applications and software systems. This paper describes the basics of ontology and the need for ontology in dermatology. We also propose the basic structure for one such ontology called ONTODerm. ...
Davis James - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Assessing in undergraduate medical education the educational effectiveness of a short computer-based session, integrating a lecturer's video with a standardized structure, for evidence based medicine (EBM) teaching, compared to a lecture-based teaching session of similar structure and duration. METHOD: A concealed, randomized controlled trial of computer based session versus ...
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